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From A. R. Wallace   [19 June 1867]

Summary

CD is invited to see ARW’s collections at Bayswater.

ARW has written an answer to the Duke of Argyll and North British Review criticisms.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 June 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B41–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5634

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   [19 June 1867] …
  • … 2 Alfred Russel Wallace London, St Mark’s Crescent, 9 [19 June 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Creation by law’, appeared in the October 1867 issue of the Quarterly Journal of Science ( …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: …
  • … Strahan. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … 5, below). CD was in London from 17 to 24 June 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). …
  • … In 1867, the first Wednesday after 17 June was 19 June. Wallace refers to the gardens of …
  • … Douglas Campbell and to G.  D.  Campbell 1867 (for more on Campbell’s criticisms, see …
  • … the letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 , and the letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). The unsigned …
  • … article in the North British Review for June 1867 was [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 (see letter from …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867  and n.  2). …

To Charles Lyell   7 December [1867]

Summary

Discusses transport of frog spawn and young molluscs by birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.337)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5708

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   7 December [1867] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.337) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Dec [1867] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … there is no reference in C.  Lyell 1867–8  to CD’s example from Heligoland. CD …
  • … London from 28 November until 7 December 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … Institute , which was first published in 1867, and by the information provided to Lyell …
  • … tenth edition of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ; see n.  3, below), which was …
  • … published in 1868. CD probably refers to Warington 1867 (see letter to …
  • … George Warington, 7 October [1867] and n.  2, and letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  20). Lyell quoted CD’s observation that …
  • … waterfowl, in Principles of geology (see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 372–7, 399). However, …
  • … Edinburgh: David Douglas. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … not adhere to the feet of birds in C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 413. CD had confirmed an earlier …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1867]

Summary

The date-palm seed case is important for Pangenesis.

Reports experiments on pollination of Ipomoea.

"Insular floras": A. Murray’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle is poor.

John Scott’s work on acclimatisation of plants.

The anomaly of the Azores flora on the migration theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13a–e
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5445

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 13a–e Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . CD’s reply to Clarke’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867 . CD refers to seeds that had recently been …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  5). In Variation 1: 397–403, CD …
  • … The geographical distribution of mammals. London: Day and Son. Murray, Andrew. 1867. Dr. …
  • … on insular floras. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1867): 152, 181–2. Variation : The variation of …
  • … 1866 and Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867  and nn.  1 and 2). …
  • … See letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . See enclosure …
  • … turning down the invitation (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and …
  • … 14 March 1867 ). CD had received …
  • … first proof-sheets of Variation on 1 March 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … plants of Ipomoea purpurea , dated between 1 and 10 March 1867, are in DAR 78: 77. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 January [1867], CD had pointed out the apparent misprint …
  • … appeared in two parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle (16 and 23 February 1867, pp.  152, 181– …
  • … 2; A.  Murray 1867 ). Murray cited the case of a species of beetle of the family Carabus ( …
  • … width of the Atlantic ocean ( A.  Murray 1867 , p.  152). CD refers to Murray’s recently …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1864] ). See letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867 . CD’s …
  • … response to Scott’s letter of 22 January 1867  has not been found. CD refers to Benjamin …

To J. D. Hooker   [12] May [1867]

Summary

Sends Fritz Müller’s address; has sent him Insular floras [pamphlet].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12] May [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5532

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [12] May [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 25 Charles Robert Darwin Down [12] May [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from Brazil to Kew; see letter to Fritz Müller, 22 April [1867] . J.  D.  Hooker 1866a. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . Emma Darwin forged the signature after …
  • … In 1867, 12 May was a Sunday. Hooker had booked a room in Paris for …
  • … was attending the Paris exhibition as a juror ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.   …
  • … 348); in his letter of 13 April 1867 , by which time he had returned temporarily to Kew, …
  • … it to CD’s sons. CD wrote on 15 [April 1867] that some of them would be ‘hugely tempted’; …
  • … see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . There is no record in Emma Darwin’s …
  • … the children going to Paris in April or May 1867. George Howard Darwin visited the Paris …
  • … June (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [3 June 1867] and n.  7. ‘Fash’: trouble or bother ( …
  • … May; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] . Hooker may have wanted Fritz Müller’s …

To George Warington   7 October [1867]

Summary

Admires his paper ["On the credibility of Darwinism", J. Trans. Victoria Inst. 2 (1867): 39–62, and discussion 63–125].

Ridicules William H. Ince and Admiral FitzRoy on their naive ideas about Noah’s ark.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Warington
Date:  7 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  Royal College of Physicians of London (MS1001/95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5642

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To George Warington   7 October [1867] …
  • … Physicians of London (MS1001/95) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Oct [1867] George Warington …
  • … of Darwinism", J. Trans. Victoria Inst. 2 (1867): 39–62, and discussion 63–125]. Ridicules …
  • … and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Warington 1867 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … On the credibility of Darwinism’, read on 4 March 1867 and published in the Journal of …
  • … of the Victoria Institute ( Warington 1867 ); CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … Victoria Institute, see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.   …
  • … 20. In Warington 1867 , p.  62, the chairman of the meeting is reported as having …
  • … of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2 (1867): 95). CD probably refers to Robert …
  • … s statement, ‘the present paper makes no claim to originality’ ( Warington 1867 , p.  61). …
  • … See Warington 1867 , pp.  46–7. The descriptions of these cases are scored in CD’s copy. …

From Edward Blyth   [2–30 March 1867]

Summary

Discussion of origin of domestic sheep races. Some comments on the yak and the wild ancestors of the llama and alpaca.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2–30 Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 208
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5337

Matches: 12 hits

  • … to the surface of the coat in the spring ( Land and Water , 30 March  1867, pp.  237–8). …
  • … From Edward Blyth   [2–30 March 1867] …
  • … DAR 160: 208 Edward Blyth unstated [2–30 Mar 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Blyth’s first article on sheep and his article on the yak, in the 2 March 1867 and …
  • … 30 March 1867 issues of Land and Water (see nn.  5 and 7, below). CD and …
  • … genealogical relationships (see letter from Edward Blyth, 19 February 1867  and nn.  11  …
  • … and 12, and letter to Edward Blyth, 23 February [1867] and n.  3). …
  • … on the yak in Land and Water , 30 March 1867, pp.  237–8, appeared under the heading ‘Wild …
  • … did not refer to Blyth. In his 30 March 1867 article in Land and Water (pp.  237–8), Blyth …
  • … to his first article on sheep in Land and Water , 2 March 1867, p.  134; he published …
  • … a second article on sheep in the 9 March 1867 issue, pp.  146–7, in which he emphasised …
  • … the letter from Edward Blyth, 24 February 1867 and n.  18, for Blyth’s similar comment on …

To Herbert Spencer   9 December [1867]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s First principles [? 2d ed. (1867)].

Comments on HS’s Principles of biology [1864, 1867].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 485a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5717

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Herbert Spencer   9 December [1867] …
  • … DAR 147: 485a Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1867] Herbert Spencer …
  • … Thanks for copy of HS’s First principles [? 2d ed. (1867)]. Comments …
  • … on HS’s Principles of biology [1864, 1867]. …
  • … London: Williams & Norgate. Spencer, Herbert. 1867. First principles. 2d edition. London: …
  • … he was absent from London in the summer of 1867 owing to the death of his mother, and …
  • … made a tour of England in the autumn of 1867 ( Spencer 1904 , 2: 145–62). CD refers to …
  • … completing the index of Variation. See also letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 8 December 1867 . …
  • … edition of First principles ( Spencer 1867 ); there is a copy in the Darwin Library–Down. …

From Charles Loring Brace   29 April 1867

Summary

Letter of introduction to CD for CLB’s friend Robert S. Rowley.

Author:  Charles Loring Brace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 160: 272
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5518

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Charles Loring Brace   29 April 1867
  • … 160: 272 Charles Loring Brace Hastings-on-Hudson, N.Y. 29 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … R.   Agassiz 1867 ). His lectures and publications on the subject, including also his and …
  • … Bibliography Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the Amazon. …
  • … read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867. ] …
  • … New York Herald Tribune , 6 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 12 February 1867, p. …
  • … Hastings on | Hudson | N.Y. April 29—1867 Charles Darwin Esq My dear Sir Permit me to …
  • … 5, 13 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 19 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 21 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8. Lurie, Edward. 1960. Louis Agassiz: a life in science. Chicago: …
  • … of six lectures given at the Cooper Institute in New York City in February 1867 ( J.  L.   …

To F. Du C. Godman   23 December [1867]

Summary

Will be pleased to receive FCG’s paper. Already has that of [G. R.] Crotch. Encourages further independent work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Du Cane Godman
Date:  23 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5738F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To F.  Du C.  Godman   23 December [1867] …
  • … ADS Autographs (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Dec [1867] Frederick Du Cane Godman …
  • … Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  5. See letter from …
  • … F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  8. …
  • … Bibliography Crotch, George Robert. 1867. On the Coleoptera of …
  • … the Azores. [Read 28 March 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 359–91. Godman, Frederick Du Cane. 1866. Notes …
  • … letter from F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867]. CD refers to Godman 1866 . See letter …
  • … from F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  3. Godman 1866  was published in Ibis , …
  • … Union, of which Godman was a founder member. Crotch 1867 . See letter from F.   …

To V. O. Kovalevsky   20 May [1867]

Summary

CD is sorry proof-sheets were lost; hopes clean sheets will have arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Date:  20 May [1867]
Classmark:  Institut Mittag-Leffler
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5541

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To V.  O.  Kovalevsky   20 May [1867] …
  • … Leffler Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 May [1867] Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир …
  • … sheets shortly after (see letters from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 May 1867 and [after 24? …
  • … May 1867] ). See letter from V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 14 May 1867 . …
  • … the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 14 May 1867 . CD had sent proof-sheets of Variation to …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 14 May 1867 . CD sent revised sheets on 1 May (see letter …
  • … to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 2 May [1867] ), and clean sheets with …
  • … his letter of 16 May [1867] . Kovalevsky received the revised sheets on 14  May and the …

From J. D. Hooker   14 March 1867

thumbnail

Summary

Has been persuaded to accept BAAS Presidency.

On Charles Naudin’s discovery of seeds of Chamaerops fertilised by the date-palm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 145–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5441

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 145–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the Linnean Society. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  2. …
  • … science’, that was critical of Louis Agassiz (Anon.  1867; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  2, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). Earlier, Hooker told CD he had declined the invitation to …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). CD had …
  • … universelle held from 1 April to 31 October 1867) as a juror for seeds and saplings …
  • … of forest trees ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.  348). …
  • … s annotation refers to a notice in the 16 March 1867 issue of Gardeners’ Chronicle , p.   …
  • … visited London from 13 to 21 February 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … second part appeared in 1865, the third in 1867. Hooker refers to Charles Victor Naudin. …

To J. D. Hooker   21 March [1867]

Summary

Suggests change in sentence of JDH’s "Insular floras" to make meaning clear.

Naudin’s letter about hybrids.

Pangenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13f–g
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5451

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 13f–g Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Mar [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . Henrietta Emma Darwin. For the wording of …
  • … 1866a and CD’s comments, see the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 January [1867] and n.   …
  • … 1, and 17 March [1867] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and nn.  5 and 7. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867  and n.  21. For Hooker’s comment on Andrew …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . CD refers to Murray’s book, The geographical …
  • … s letter with his letter of 23 March 1867 . CD reported Naudin’s observation of fruit …
  • … of pangenesis, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . In his discussion of reversion in Variation 2: 398, …

To the Linnean Society   22 February [1867]

Summary

Sends J. P. M. Weale’s paper on Bonatea for consideration by Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 470–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  22 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (SP.1249)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5411

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To the Linnean Society   22 February [1867] …
  • … Society of London (SP.1249) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Feb [1867] Linnean Society …
  • … see the letter to the Linnean Society, 9 December [1867] , and the letter to J.  P.   …
  • … M.  Weale, 9 December [1867] . …
  • … An annotated copy of Weale 1867  is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. Papers on …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Weale 1867 (see n.  2, below), …
  • … which was read at the Linnean Society in March 1867. James Philip Mansel Weale …
  • … manuscript with his letter of 9 January 1867 ; the manuscript (now in the Linnean Society …
  • … archives, SP1249) was later published as Weale 1867 . Weale lived in Bedford, Cape Colony. …
  • … was read at the Linnean Society on 7 March 1867, and was published in the Journal of the …
  • … one illustration showing four figures was included (see Weale 1867 , p.  473). On …
  • … 1864): 144–7. Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1867. Notes on the structure and fertilization …
  • … at Bedford, South Africa. [Read 7 March 1867. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …

From Charles Kingsley   6 June 1867

Summary

Criticises the Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)], particularly on sexual selection.

But CD overlooks God’s intention to instruct man by nature’s beauty.

Criticism of anonymous article in North British Review [by Fleeming Jenkin, 46 (1867): 277–318].

CK supports large sports in response to large environmental changes.

Author:  Charles Kingsley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5565

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From Charles Kingsley   6 June 1867
  • … DAR 169: 35 Charles Kingsley Eversley 6 June 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the Duke of Argyll’s book [ Reign of law (1867)], particularly on sexual selection. But CD …
  • … North British Review [by Fleeming Jenkin, 46 (1867): 277–318]. CK supports large sports in …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … see letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). There is a lightly marked copy in the …
  • … article referred to by Kingsley, published in the North British Review for June 1867 ( [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 ), was by Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin, an engineer and critic ( Wellesley …
  • … esp.  in order to escape a threatened danger’ ( OED ). See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  296–302. …
  • … 8. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British Review …
  • … 1973 , pp.  302–50, for a copy of [Jenkin] 1867 , and Hull’s commentary; see also n.  6, …
  • … Kingsley refers to G.  D.  Campbell 1867 . Campbell had written: ‘there is no connexion …
  • … be confined, as it almost exclusively is, to one sex’ ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , p.  243). …
  • … See also letter to Charles Lyell, 1 June [1867] and n.  3. Campbell …
  • … had written ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  250–1): it would appear that every variety …

To John Murray   20 September 1867

Summary

Thanks for "pleasant remittance" of £250 for 4th edition of Origin.

Glad to see that Orchids sells a little.

Hopes Variation will be more successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Sept 1867
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5632

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 September 1867
  • … V.   Carus, 16 September 1867 ). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  4. …
  • … Ms.42152 f. 173) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 20 Sept 1867 John Murray …
  • … 6 Queen Anne St | W. Sept 20 th 1867 My dear Sir I acknowledge receipt & thank you for the …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  2. An …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 20 September 1867 records a payment of £12 for presentation …
  • … to letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] ). CD refers to Variation ; he had almost …
  • … and planned to begin working on the second proofs on 1 October 1867 (see letter to J.   …

To the Linnean Society   9 December [1867]

Summary

Gives his comments on the merits of a paper on South African botany [by J. P. M. Weale, "Notes on Bonatea", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 470–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London, SP1249, 1253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5715

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To the Linnean Society   9 December [1867] …
  • … Society of London, SP1249, 1253 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1867] Linnean Society …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Press. 1985–. Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1867. Notes on the structure and fertilization …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  P.  M.  Weale, 9 December [1867] . The …
  • … reference is to a manuscript of Weale 1867 , a paper on Bonatea that was read …
  • … at the Linnean Society on 7 March 1867 but not published until 1869. See letter from J.   …
  • … P.  M.  Weale, 9 January 1867, and letter to the …
  • … Linnean Society, 22 February [1867] . The manuscript, with CD’s pencil markings, is in the …
  • … letter to the Linnean Society, 22 February [1867] and n.  3. CD’s captions were used in …
  • … at Bedford, South Africa. [Read 7 March 1867. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … of Bonatea darwinii was described as resembling a white butterfly in Weale 1867 , p.  470. …
  • … In the manuscript of Weale 1867 (see n.  2, above), Weale included a discussion of Ipomoea …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [April 1867]

Summary

Agrees with JDH about Anderson-Henry. He has however described in detail a curious case of the ovaria of Rhododendron directly affected by foreign pollen, like the Chamaerops and date-palm case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Apr 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 21–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5502

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 [April 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 21–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 [Apr 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hawthorn Hooker; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . CD refers to his children Elizabeth and George Howard Darwin. …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) for Saturday 20 April 1867 mentions ‘M r Swettenham’. Hooker would have …
  • … William Henslow Hooker from 20 to 22 April 1867; however, the visit did not take place ( …
  • … see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] ). Hooker gave his opinion …
  • … Anderson-Henry in his letter of 13 April 1867 . CD reported Anderson-Henry’s cross of …
  • … Henry sent with his letter of 3 April 1867 , in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.   …
  • … In his letter of 14 March 1867 , Hooker reported a case of ‘seeds’ of a Chaemerops humilis …

From A. R. Wallace   1 October [1867]

Summary

Informs CD of his reply to Argyll and the North British Review criticisms [in "Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. Cites "the predicted Madagascar moth" and Angraecum sesquipedale.

Birth of Herbert Spencer Wallace.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B43–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5637

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From A.  R.  Wallace   1 October [1867] …
  • … Alfred Russel Wallace London, Westbourne Grove, 76 1/2 1 Oct [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to Wallace (see letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and nn.  14 and 20). …
  • … in "Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. Cites "the predicted Madagascar moth" …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … was in London from 18 to 24 September 1867 (see ‘Journal’ (Appendix II)). Wallace refers …
  • … was held in Dundee from 4 to 11 September 1867 ( Report of the thirty-seventh meeting of …
  • … Xanthopan morgani ; see A.  R.  Wallace 1867, p.  477; see also Kritsky 1991 ). Wallace …
  • … 1977 ). Wallace’s son was born on 22 June 1867 ( Raby 2001 , p.  194). Wallace’s brother, …
  • … Press. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … published The reign of law , a book critical of CD’s transmutation theory, in 1867 ( G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell 1867 ); the North British Review had published an anonymous article by Henry …
  • … Charles Fleeming Jenkin, also critical of CD’s theory, in June 1867 ( [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 ). Wallace responded to these criticisms in his article ‘Creation by law’ in …

To John Murray   15 January [1867]

Summary

Approves of type [for Variation]. Pleased to hear from Hooker that he is not surprised that MS is big.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5363

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 January [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … John Murray, 2 January [ 1867] . Joseph Dalton Hooker had reassured CD …
  • … about the size of Variation in his letter of [12 January 1867] . …
  • … Bibliography Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the …
  • … portions of the manuscript of Variation (see letters to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and …
  • … 10 January [1867] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). No letter from Murray or Clowes including a sample of the …
  • … edition of Charles Lyell’s Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ); see letter from …

From Benjamin Dann Walsh   [25 February 1867]

Summary

Sends a copy [missing] of a lecture by L. Agassiz on glaciers.

Claims worker wasps can generate additional workers in the absence of the fertile female.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 Feb 1867]
Classmark:  Darwin Library–CUL (bound with Siebold 1857), ML 1: 248–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5419

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Benjamin Dann Walsh   [25 February 1867] …
  • … 1857), ML 1: 248–9 Benjamin Dann Walsh unstated [25 Feb 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Macmillan and Company. Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the …
  • … the letter to B.  D.  Walsh, 23 March [1867] . Walsh referred to Henry Tibbats Stainton …
  • … read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867. ] …
  • … New York Herald Tribune , 6 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 12 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 13 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 19 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 21 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8. Birds of the world : Handbook of the birds of the world. By …
  • … the letter from Edward Blyth, 19 February 1867  and nn.  18–22. Walsh may be responding to …
  • … in New York in the winter of 1866 and 1867 and published in the New York Herald Tribune ( …
  • … see J.  L.  R.   Agassiz 1867  and E.  C.  Agassiz 1885 , 2: 645); Agassiz also gave …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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