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From George Rolleston   9 May 1877

Summary

Discusses the structure of the human cranium, in particular a find by Cocchi and observations by Canestrini.

Author:  George Rolleston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 May 1877
Classmark:  DAR 176: 214
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10956

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Paris: C. Reinwald. Canestrini, Giovanni. 1867. Caratteri anomali e rudimentale in ordine …
  • … Harrap Publishers. 1998. Cocchi, Igino. 1867. L’Uomo fossile nell’Italia centrale . Milan: …
  • … series, v. II, p.  674–675. 19 Dec.  1867. In communicating to the society the important …
  • … found in glacial drift (see Canestrini 1867 , p. 83). Igino Cocchi examined human fossil …
  • … Uomo fossile nell’Italia centrale ( Cocchi 1867 ). Dolichocephalic: long-headed, having a …
  • … 2 e .  serie, t. II, p.  674–675. 19 Dec.  1867. En communiquant à la Societé l’important …
  • … Société d’anthopologie de Paris in 1867 between Paul Broca and the German anthropologist …
  • … Société d’anthopologie de Paris 2d ser. 2 (1867): 672–5. The final paragraph gives Broca’s …

From A. W. Malm   21 December 1877

Summary

Thanks for Origin, 6th ed.

Author:  August Wilhelm Malm
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Dec 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11285

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Malm, August Wilhelm. 1867. Bidrag till kännedom af Pleuronektoidernas …
  • … Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 7 (1867–8): (4th paper) 1–28. Malm, August Wilhelm. 1877. …
  • … the family of righteye flounders; Malm 1867 ). In response, CD evidently sent a copy of …
  • … Origin 6th ed. , in which he cited Malm 1867 ( Origin 6th ed. , pp. 186–7). Hoc est liber …
  • … had translated substantial extracts from Malm 1867 ; the manuscript translation is in the …

From G. J. Romanes   6 June 1877

Summary

Sends MS notes on intercrossing.

Describes different reactions of rabbits and guinea-pigs to stinging nettles.

Has made a number of grafts at Kew.

Encloses notes on natural selection; discussion of factors mitigating the swamping influence of intercrossing on incipient variations.

Author:  George John Romanes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1877
Classmark:  E. D. Romanes 1896, p. 53; DAR 47: 139–42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10986

Matches: 5 hits

  • … refers to the second edition of Herbert Spencer’s First principles ( Spencer 1867 ). …
  • … Spencer 1867 , p. 447 n. …
  • … Press. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … London: Williams & Norgate. Spencer, Herbert. 1867. First principles. 2d edition. London: …
  • … within a larger population ( [Jenkin] 1867 ). For CD’s response to Jenkin, see Origin 5th …

From W. E. Darwin   [24 April 1877?]

Summary

Sends notes made in June 1867, on Rhamnus catharticus and R. lanceolatus. Encloses diagrams and measurements relating to pollen size in R. lanceolatus.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 Apr 1877?]
Classmark:  DAR 109: A44, A71–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10343

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sends notes made in June 1867, on Rhamnus catharticus and R. lanceolatus . Encloses …
  • … at all. I find I marked 11 shrubs in June 1867, and I think I remember going to the Isle …
  • … of stamens, & that when I went over in June 1867 the flowers were too withered. I do not …

From A. W. Malm   26 January 1877

Summary

Sends his papers [unspecified].

Linnaeus was a "Darwinist" because he placed the simians in the genus Homo.

Author:  August Wilhelm Malm
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10816

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Laurentius Salvius. Malm, August Wilhelm. 1867. Bidrag till kännedom af Pleuronektoidernas …
  • … development and structure of the Pleuronectidae; Malm 1867 ) in Origin 6th ed. , pp. 186– …
  • … translation of large portions of Malm 1867 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 7 (1867–8): (4th paper) 1–28. Origin 6th ed. : …

From J. V. Carus   22 March 1877

Summary

A curious error – too late to change: in Cross and self-fertilisation CD has "cleistogenous" for "cleistogamous" flowers throughout.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10909

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Kuhn, Max. 1867. Einige Bemerkungen über Vandellia und …
  • … and quote Kuhn’s paper in the Botan. Zeitung 1867, p 65. But here Kuhn as well as later …
  • … and polymorphism in flowers; Kuhn 1867 , p. 66) as the source of the term, although Kuhn …

To Karl von Scherzer   14 May [1877]

Summary

Received Moritz Wagner’s essays [Das Ausland (May 1875)] and sent him a long letter [10643] disagreeing with his views because they do not explain adaptation.

Thanks for Büchner’s essay [Die Darwin’sche Theorie, 4th ed. (1876)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl von Scherzer
Date:  14 May [1877]
Classmark:  Uppsala University Library: Manuscripts and Music (Waller Ms gb-00526)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10961

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Sonderung. Basel: Benno Schwabe. Weisbach, A. 1867. Reise der österreichischen Fregatte …
  • … CD the reports on anthropology ( Weisbach 1867 ), ethnography (Friedrich Müller 1868), and …
  • … letter from Karl von Scherzer, 21 November 1867 , and Correspondence vol. 24, letter to …

From Friedrich Hildebrand   19 March 1877

Summary

Regrets he cannot help on Oxalis question. He did not note the names of species with cleistogamic flowers as he thought they were sufficiently known.

Author:  Friedrich Hermann Gustav (Friedrich) Hildebrand
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 111: A84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10900

Matches: 2 hits

  • … on Oxalis were published in Hildebrand 1866 and 1867; he discussed cleistogamy …
  • … in Oxalis in Hildebrand 1867, pp. 74 and 78. In Forms of flowers , p. 322, CD cited …

To G. J. Romanes   [1 and 2 December 1877]

Summary

Comments on GJR’s lecture on evolution.

Regrets failure of graft experiments.

Hopes GJR will not give up on Pangenesis. Mentions article by Gustav Jäger on Pangenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George John Romanes
Date:  1 and 2 Dec 1877
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.526)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11265

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Hopkins University Press. Trollope, Anthony. 1867. The last chronicle of Barset . 2 vols. …
  • … The last chronicle of Barset ( Trollope 1867 , 2: 181–92); it is the advice given to Mr …

From M. C. Stanley   19 September 1877

Summary

Count Schouvaloff asserts that CD’s works are prohibited in Russia. Is he not mistaken?

Author:  Mary Catherine Stanley, countess of Derby
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 162: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11146

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 15, letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] and n. 8). No reply from CD has been found. …

From T. H. Farrer   5 September 1877

Summary

Sends two papers on Roman ruins at Cirencester, which he asks CD to return.

Worm observations.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 164: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11129

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Mount, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, had been put up for sale in 1867 (see Correspondence vol. …
  • … 15, letter from Salt & Sons, 17 July 1867 ). Farrer’s sons were Thomas Cecil Farrer, …

From Hermann Müller   25 January 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for calling attention to a "considerable error" in his observations on Hottonia fertility [in Die Befruchtung der Blumen (1873)]. [See Forms of flowers, p. 52.]

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Jan 1877
Classmark:  DAR 110: A26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10815

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all had acknowledged CD’s pioneering role (see, for example, Hildebrand 1867, pp. …
  • … 4–5, Delpino 1867, p. 4, and Fritz Müller 1868). CD had added many further observations …

To R. F. Cooke   30 June [1877]

Summary

Has not heard from Appleton about an American edition [of Forms of flowers]. Asks how many copies Murray is printing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  30 June [1877]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 302–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11024

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol. 15, letter to Athenæum , 1 January 1867). Charles Layton was the London agent for D. …

From R. F. Cooke   13 December 1877

Summary

Messrs Clowes will make CD’s corrections and adjust index of Cross and self-fertilisation. Of this work only 1500 copies have been printed. Edition is sold out and account is enclosed.

Of 500 copies of Climbing plants [2d ed.] printed in June 1876, 450 were still unsold as of June 1877.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Dec 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 499, DAR 210.11: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11278

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

From Ernst Krause   14 July 1877

Summary

Thanks CD for permission to print ["Sketch of an infant"] in Kosmos.

Discusses children’s ability to distinguish colours.

Describes disagreements among German supporters of CD. Discusses reaction of German protestants to Darwinism.

Author:  Ernst Ludwig (Ernst) Krause
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 July 1877
Classmark:  DAR 169: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11054

Matches: 2 hits

  • … University of Chicago Press. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …
  • … German Darwinists (see Wagner 1868, Vogt 1867 , and Semper 1874. ) The Protestantenverein …

From A. A. van Bemmelen and H. J. Veth   6 February 1877

Summary

A letter from CD’s admirers in the Netherlands, sent with an album of their photographs, in celebration of his sixty-eighth birthday.

Presents an account of early efforts in the Netherlands in the direction of developmental theories, and evidence of the support and enthusiastic reception given CD’s theory.

Author:  Adriaan Anthoni van Bemmelen; Huibert Johannes Veth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1877
Classmark:  English Heritage, Down House (EH 88202653)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10831

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Oxford University Press. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … distinct from all other species ( Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 146–73; see also Rudwick 1998 ). CD …

To Lawson Tait   13 November [1877]

Summary

CD declines to write for RLT’s new journal. He is not fitted for the work and dislikes it particularly. It costs loss of time as he "cannot change with ease from one job to another".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  13 Nov [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11235

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to H. J. Slack, 2 December [1867] , and Correspondence vol. 18, letter to H. W. …

To J. D. Hooker   20 March [1877]

thumbnail

Summary

CD apologises for his burdensome request of Oliver.

Criticises JDH’s notice on Forsythia, which JDH said was dioecious. Forsythia sent to CD from Kew was heterostylous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  20 Mar [1877]
Classmark:  DAR 95: 437–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10906

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in Oxalis in Hildebrand 1866, p. 369, and 1867, pp. 73 and 78. CD’s letter to Hildebrand …

To Alpheus Hyatt   13 February 1877

Summary

Regrets that F. Hilgendorf proved so greatly in error ["Planorbis Multiformis", Monatsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Berlin (1866): 474–504; "Noch einmal Planorbis Multiformis", Z. Dtsch. Geol. Ges. 29 (1877): 50–62].

Discusses polymorphic species.

Surprised that shell form developed from various different progenitors.

Reminds CD of C. Nägeli’s conclusions on Hieracium.

But still retains belief expressed in first edition of Origin that variation in protean species is neither advantageous nor disadvantageous.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alpheus Hyatt
Date:  13 Feb 1877
Classmark:  Maryland Historical Society (Alpheus Hyatt Papers MS 1007)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10842

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Supplement, letter from C. W. Nägeli, 31 March 1867 . CD discussed Rubus , Hieracium , and …

From Raphael Meldola   21 September 1877

Summary

Encloses Fritz Müller’s letter.

Is exhibiting butterflies in which variations in the female show a finely graded series. Believes dimorphism can be explained by the selection of the extremes of such a series and the consequent extinction of the intermediates.

Author:  Raphael Meldola
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept 1877
Classmark:  DAR 171: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-11147

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in Malayan butterflies in A. R. Wallace 1867, pp. 19–22, and suggested that polymorphic …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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