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From G. H. Darwin to W. D. Whitney   21 December 1875

Summary

Müller has sent Chips [from a German workshop (1867–75)] and a boring defence against WDW’s attack. GHD feels he is maligned for using the weight of CD’s name in his Contemporary Review article. CD says Müller has misinterpreted a letter from CD as supporting him in his controversy with WDW.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  William Dwight Whitney
Date:  21 Dec 1875
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (William Dwight Whitney Family Papers (MS 555): Box 23, folder 631 1875 Dec. 18-24)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10314

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 1874). Max Müller made this statement in Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 535. ‘ Sous entendu ’ ( …
  • … French): insinuating. See Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 483. Max Müller probably referred to the …
  • … Press. 1985–. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1867–75. Chips from a German workshop . 4 vols. …
  • … has sent Chips [ from a German workshop (1867–75)] and a boring defence against WDW’s …
  • … Chips from a German workshop ( Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 473–549); he had sent a copy to CD …
  • … in the “Contemporary Review”’ ( Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 482–5), took George to task for …

To Moritz Traube   5 March 1875

Summary

Thanks correspondent for two essays.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Moritz Traube
Date:  5 Mar 1875
Classmark:  Library of Congress Manuscript Division (Francis Storr Correspondence (Mss2304))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9879

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sent two essays on artificial cells, Traube 1867 and 1874. See letter from Moritz Traube, …
  • … Bibliography Traube, Moritz. 1867. Experimente zur Theorie der Zellenbildung und …
  • … Endosmose. Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin (1867): 87–165. …

From Moritz Traube   2 March 1875

Summary

Sends two treatises which explain cell-wall formation and some aspects of cell growth in physico-chemical terms ["Experimente zur Theorie d. Zellenbildung und Endosmose", Arch. Anat. Physiol. (1867): 87–128, 126–65].

Author:  Moritz Traube
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 178: 176
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9878

Matches: 5 hits

  • … zur Theorie d. Zellenbildung und Endosmose", Arch. Anat. Physiol. (1867): 87–128, 126–65]. …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Traube, Moritz. 1867. Experimente zur Theorie der Zellenbildung …
  • … und wissenschaftliche Medicin (1867): 87–165. Traube, Moritz. 1874. Experimente zur …
  • … of cell formation and endosmosis; Traube 1867 ), and ‘Experimente zur physikalischen …
  • … CUL. In his earlier paper ( Traube 1867 ), Traube had described several experiments in …

From Édouard van Beneden   18 August 1875

Summary

The unreliability of the work of J.-B. Legrain on consanguineous marriages [Recherches critiques et experimentales relatives aux marriages consanguins, extrait du Bull. Acad. R. Med. Belg. 2d ser. 9, no. 3].

Author:  Édouard Joseph Louis Marie (Édouard) van Beneden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Aug 1875
Classmark:  DAR 160: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10125

Matches: 4 hits

  • … plus dévoués. | Edouard Van Beneden. 1.3 1867 … N o . 1] underl red crayon 1.3 N o . 1] …
  • … de l’Acad. R.  de Médecine de Belgique (1867, III e . série, Tome I N o . 1) la discussion …
  • … royale de médecine de Belgique 3d ser. 1 (1867): 26–49). Without referring to Beneden by …
  • … of the Royal Academy of Medicine of Belgium (1867, III rd series, Vol. I N o 1). — It has …

From Friedrich Max Müller   13 October [1875]

Summary

Sends CD his answers to W. D. Whitney’s articles. Sees man as separated from other animals by the possession of language. There is no scientific evidence for even the slightest attempt at language in the higher animals, which cannot, therefore, be reasonably regarded as "stunted man". [See "In self-defence", Chips from a German workshop 4 (1875): 473–549.]

Author:  Friedrich Max Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 286
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10194

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1837): 382–439. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1867–75. Chips from a German workshop . 4 vols. …
  • … Max Müller’s latest essay in Max Müller 1867–75 continued the debate (for more on the …
  • … to the fourth volume of Max Müller 1867–75 (see n. 2, below). Max Müller enclosed a copy …
  • … Chips from a German workshop ( Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 473–549; see Publishers’ circular , …

To Linnean Society   1 January [1875]

Summary

Asks permission to republish his climbing plants paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 1–118] in a corrected form [Climbing plants].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  1 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 97: C12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10004

Matches: 2 hits

  • … plants paper [ J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 1–118] in a corrected form [ Climbing …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Insectivorous plants. By Charles …

From J. V. Carus   20 November 1875

Summary

Queries concerned with his translation of Insectivorous plants, which has been delayed by illness but is now two-thirds done.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10266

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1875. Schiff, Moritz. 1867. Leçons sur la physiologie de la digestion, faites …
  • … plants (Carus trans. 1876a). Schiff 1867 was published in 2 volumes. Adolf Wilhelm Hermann …

From William Marshall   2 June 1875

Summary

Discusses feather as case of evolutionary atavism.

Will soon publish on siliceous sponges

and the skin of caterpillars.

Author:  William Adolf Ludwig (William) Marshall
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10006

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1867. On the classification of birds; and on the …
  • … certain of the cranial bones observable in that class. [Read 11 April 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 415–72. …
  • … the wing muscles (see T. H. Huxley 1867 ). Marshall had hypothesised that the contour ( …

From E. B. Tylor   29 January [1875]

Summary

Does CD think it desirable for EBT’s wife to produce a new English translation of A. E. Brehm’s work [Illustrirtes Thierleben (1864–7)]?

Author:  Edward Burnett Tylor
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Jan [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 203
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9833

Matches: 2 hits

  • … animal life; Brehm et al. 1864–9) in 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15, letter from H.   …
  • … J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867). The first English translation of part of Brehm et al. 1864–9 was …

To R. D. Fitzgerald   16 July 1875

Summary

Thanks RDF for a part of his book [Australian orchids, vol. 1 (1875–82)]; suggests further observations RDF could make and defends some of his own conclusions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert David Fitzgerald
Date:  16 July 1875
Classmark:  Mitchell Library, Sydney (A 2546)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10069

Matches: 3 hits

  • … a hypothetical sphinx moth (see Wallace 1867 and Correspondence vol.  15, letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] ). …
  • … 15, letter from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867 ). Fitzgerald had expressed reservations …

To Friedrich Max Müller    15 October [1875]

Summary

Thanks FMM for his essay [see 10194]. Though some of FMM’s remarks are "stinging", they have all been made "gracefully".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Friedrich Max Müller
Date:  15 Oct [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 427
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10201

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Review 46: 245–67. Max Müller, Friedrich. 1867–75. Chips from a German workshop . 4 vols. …
  • … state of scientific studies’ ( Max Müller 1867–75 , 4: 473–549), is in the Darwin Pamphlet …

To J. V. Carus   22 November [1875]

Summary

Thanks JVC for corrections in Insectivorous plants. Explains confusion of fluid and dry measures. The work has sold well in England.

Repeats suggestion that JVC employ someone to translate Climbing plants under his supervision.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  22 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 127–128)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10269

Matches: 2 hits

  • … J. V. Carus, 20 November 1875 ). Schiff 1867 (see letter from J. V. Carus, 20 November  …
  • … John Murray. 1875. Schiff, Moritz. 1867. Leçons sur la physiologie de la digestion, faites …

To ?   31 [May 1875]

Summary

Agrees that time alone can do nothing to modify species.

Is aware that the Papaveraceae are self-fertile but feels this does not preclude an occasional cross.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 [May 1875]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 59)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9960

Matches: 2 hits

  • … either for or against natural selection’. In 1867, CD had performed experiments with seeds …
  • … 15, letter to Edouard Bornet, 20 August [1867] ). In Cross and self fertilisation , pp. …

To Lawson Tait   13 June [1875]

Summary

RLT’s observations come too late, as CD’s book on Droseraceae has been printed.

Reports on his observations of ferment in secretions in Drosera rotundifolia and Drosophyllum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Lawson (Lawson) Tait
Date:  13 June [1875]
Classmark:  DAR 221.5: 26
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10017

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1875. Schiff, Moritz. 1867. Leçons sur la physiologie de la digestion, faites …
  • … on the physiology of digestion ( Schiff 1867 ) for the information that in animals pepsin …

From W. T. Thiselton-Dyer   12 July 1875

Summary

WTT-D and E. R. Lankester wish to visit CD.

Has corrected some references for new edition of Variation.

Author:  William Turner Thiselton-Dyer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1875
Classmark:  DAR 178: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10061

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 15, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1867] and n.  4). This passage was removed in …

From E. B. Tylor   4 May 1875

Summary

EBT’s brother, Alfred Tylor, wishes to visit CD with George Young.

AT’s "pluvial period" theory.

Author:  Edward Burnett Tylor
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 May 1875
Classmark:  DAR 178: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9971

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of time. Philosophical Magazine 4th ser. 5: 258–81. Tylor, Alfred. 1867. On the Amiens …
  • … gravel. [Read 6 November 1867. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London …
  • … in terms of his pluvial theory ( Tylor 1867 , 1868a, 1868b, 1868c), and further argued …

From G. H. Darwin to James T. Knowles   8 February 1875

Summary

Letter [to editor of Contemp. Rev.] saying that W. D. Whitney would like to reply to Max Müller. Hopes space can be given him.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  James Thomas Knowles
Date:  8 Feb 1875
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9846

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and the study of language ( Whitney 1867 ); see Max Müller 1875 , p.  307). The publisher …
  • … and others]. 1802–1967. Whitney, Josiah Dwight. 1867. Language and the study of language: …

From R. F. Cooke   22 October 1875

Summary

Sends a copy of Climbing plants [2d ed.]. Price cannot be higher than 6s.

Variation [2d ed.] price will be 18s, if CD approves. Future reprints will not be costly, since both have been stereotyped.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Oct 1875
Classmark:  DAR 171: 473
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10213

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Variation 2d ed. : The variation of …

To Francis Galton   2 November [1875]

Summary

Has heard that FG will write on inheritance. Huxley does not believe in E. G. Balbiani’s views on subject.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Francis Galton
Date:  2 Nov [1875]
Classmark:  UCL Library Services, Special Collections (GALTON/1/1/9/5/7/17)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10237

Matches: 1 hit

  • … was discussed in Fripp 1866 and Lubbock 1867, pp. lv–lvii (see also T. H. Huxley 1858). …

From Oswald Heer   1 March 1875

Summary

Comments on his Flora fossilis Arctica [vol. 3 (1875)]. Discusses successive appearance of plant families in geological periods. Relates plant development to rise of herbivorous mammals.

Comments on death of Charles Lyell.

Author:  Oswald Heer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Mar 1875
Classmark:  DAR 166: 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9876

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 22 (1873–6): 131–347. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes …
  • … of his Principles of geology ( C. Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 300–1), but had removed the estimates …
Document type
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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