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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From C. L. Sutherland   12 September 1872

Summary

Sends CD a book on mule breeding in Poitou [Eugène Ayrault, De l’industrie mulassière en Poitou (1867)].

Author:  Charles Leslie Sutherland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Sept 1872
Classmark:  DAR 177: 320
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8518

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on mule breeding in Poitou [Eugène Ayrault, De l’industrie mulassière en Poitou (1867)]. …
  • … Bibliography Ayrault, Eugène. 1867. De l’industrie mulassière en Poitou. Niort: L. …
  • … is a lightly annotated copy of Ayrault 1867  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

From M. T. Masters   4 November 1872

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion of John Denny’s idea that males have prepotent transmission power in plants. A. J. F. Wegmann says the females are prepotent.

Author:  Maxwell Tylden Masters
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8597

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Bert, Paul. 1867–72. Recherches sur les mouvements de la sensitive ( Mimosa …
  • … de l’anatomie et de la physiologie 4 (1867): 534–52; 8 (1872): 201–33. Climbing plants 2d …
  • … Climbing plants 2d ed. , p.  180; see Bert 1867–72 , p.  551). The editor of the Popular …
  • … de l’anatomie et de la physiologie ( Bert 1867–72 ). CD later cited a remark by Bert in …

From G. J. Allman   13 April 1872

Summary

Thanks for sending translation of A. W. Malm’s paper ["On flatfishes", K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. N. F. 7 (1867–8) no. 4]; thinks it establishes that eye migrates across surface of head rather than through the skull.

Considers the relationship between direction of locomotion and the presence of stalked eyes in Crustacea.

Author:  George James Allman
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1872
Classmark:  DAR 159: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8269

Matches: 4 hits

  • … K. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. N. F. 7 (1867–8) no. 4]; thinks it establishes that eye …
  • … Bibliography Malm, August Wilhelm. 1867. Bidrag till kännedom af Pleuronektoidernas …
  • … Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 7 (1867–8): (4th paper) 1–28. Milne-Edwards, …
  • … flatfishes by August Wilhelm Malm ( Malm 1867 ). The translation, which appears to be in …

From Alfred Tylor   8 June 1872

Summary

AT is trying to publish his paper with important evidence on "the pluvial period".

Author:  Alfred Tylor
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 June 1872
Classmark:  DAR 178: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8376

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society 22: 463–8. Tylor, Alfred. 1867. On the Amiens …
  • … gravel. [Read 6 November 1867. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London …
  • … DAR 242)). In a series of papers read in 1867 and 1868, Alfred Tylor theorised that early …
  • … of higher than normal rainfall (A. Tylor 1867 , 1868a, 1868b, 1868c). John Morris was …
  • … result of flooding ( A.  Tylor 1866  and 1867; see also A.  Tylor 1872 , pp.  498–9). A …

From L. H. Jeitteles   3 November 1872

Summary

Sends CD a copy of the second part of his paper on the remains and antiquities of Olmütz in Moravia.

Author:  Ludwig Heinrich Jeitteles
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 184: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8594

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Press. 1998. Jeitteles, Ludwig Heinrich. 1867. Ueber einige seltene und wenig bekannte …
  • … have passed over me after my publication in 1867 at St. Pölten on Myoxus dryas and other …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Jeitteles 1867  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL, as …

To Ernst Haeckel   2 September 1872

Summary

Comments on EH’s criticism of authors in third edition of Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte [1872].

Discusses book by H. C. Bastian [The beginnings of life (1872)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  2 Sept 1872
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1:1-52/27)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8506

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD rebuked Haeckel for the severity of his criticisms in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter to Ernst Haeckel, 12 April [1867] and n.   …
  • … and letter from Ernst Haeckel, 12 May 1867 ). CD refers to Rütimeyer 1868. See also letter …
  • … vol.  15, letter to Ludwig Rütimeyer, 4 May [1867] and nn.  2  and 3. CD refers to Henry …

From Asa Gray   31 May 1872

Summary

Sends, via C. L. Brace, his book [Botany for young people, pt 2 How plants behave (1872)], "your own science adapted to juvenile minds".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 May 1872
Classmark:  DAR 165: 180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8363

Matches: 3 hits

  • … L.  Brace had corresponded in 1863 and 1867 (see Correspondence vols.  11 and 15). Gray …
  • … frog of Calaveras County’ (in Twain 1867 ). CD published his observations on Drosera and …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Twain, Mark. 1867. The celebrated jumping frog of Calaveras …

From John Ball   31 January [1872]

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Summary

Expands on a letter to Nature concerning the probability of the survival of a new variety in a given species. Differs with [F. Jenkin’s] argument, to which CD had agreed to a greater extent than JB feels it deserved.

Author:  John Ball
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 47: 196–201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8190

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1985–. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … in the North British Review ( [Jenkin] 1867 ). CD discussed the passage in question in …
  • … out a mathematical error in [Jenkin] 1867 . In Origin , CD argued that intermediate …

From [?]   [1872 or later]

Summary

Extract from the History of the rise and progress of the Killerby, Studley and Warlaby herds of shorthorns by William Carr (1867).

Author:  Unidentified
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1872 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 159: 146
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13888

Matches: 1 hit

  • … progress of the Killerby, Studley and Warlaby herds of shorthorns by William Carr (1867). …

To St G. J. Mivart   11 January [1872]

Summary

CD believes that StGJM has been unfair in his criticisms and has misrepresented him; he begs him not to write again. "Agassiz has uttered splendid sarcasms on me, but I still feel quite friendly towards him. M. Flourens cd. not find words to express his contempt of me: Pictet & Hopkins argued with great force against me: Fleeming Jenkin covered me with first-rate ridicule; & his crticisms were true & most useful: but none of their writings have mortified me as yours have done …" [See 8154.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  11 Jan [1872]
Classmark:  Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8156A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 90. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British Review …
  • … of CD’s reasoning in the North British Review in 1867; CD took account of his arguments …
  • … in the fifth edition of Origin ( [Jenkin] 1867 ; Origin 5th ed. , p.  104). Mivart had …

From J. D. Hooker   8 November 1872

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Summary

Has been asked to take shares in the Artizans’ Dwellings Co., in which CD is a shareholder. If it is really a project for public good, he would be glad to be associated.

Owen has answered his letter in Nature [7 (1872): 5–7].

A letter from Tyndall [from America] was read at the X Club.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Nov 1872
Classmark:  DAR 103: 130–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8609

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Company Ltd. [1967. ] Artizans Centenary: 1867–1967. [London]: Artizans’ & General …
  • … and n.  4). The company was founded in 1867 to build affordable housing for the working …

To A. R. Wallace   27 July [1872]

Summary

On ARW’s "crushing" review [Nature 6 (1872): 237–9] of C. R. Bree’s An exposition of fallacies in the hypothesis of Mr Darwin.

Comments on other reviews and exchanges.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  27 July [1872]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 46434)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8429

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to interpret a passage from Spencer 1867 (Wallace 1872b, p.  237). For CD’s opinion of …
  • … Review 19: 606–23. Spencer, Herbert. 1867. First principles. 2d edition. London: …

From C.-F. Reinwald   22 October 1872

Summary

Samuel Pozzi has been proposed by C. Martin and Paul Broca as translator of Expression.

First volume of Descent has sold 1200 copies.

Author:  Charles-Ferdinand Reinwald
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Oct 1872
Classmark:  DAR 176: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8571

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Moulinié had been CD’s French translator since 1867, when he had been recommended to CD by …
  • … vol.  15, letter from Carl Vogt, 23 April 1867 ). CD had evidently written to Moulinié on …

To Gaston de Saporta   8 April 1872

Summary

Responds to GdeS’s comments on Descent [see 8246]. Cannot give up belief in close relationship of man to higher Simiae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de Saporta, comte de Saporta
Date:  8 Apr 1872
Classmark:  Archives Gaston de Saporta (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8282

Matches: 2 hits

  • … deux mondes 2d ser. 83: 635–74. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …
  • … a man. ’ CD refers to Carl Vogt and Vogt 1867 . See also Descent 1: 121 and n.  34. Phoca …

From William Green   30 January 1872

Summary

Calls CD’s attention to Andrew Jackson Davis’ work on the origin of man,

philosophy of evil,

the mode of producing rain at pleasure,

and who and what is God.

Author:  William Green
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Jan 1872
Classmark:  DAR 165: 222–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8189

Matches: 2 hits

  • … were translated into German by Gregor Constantin Wittig ( Davis 1867 , Davis 1868 ). …
  • … the author. Davis, Andrew Jackson. 1867. Harmonische Philosophie: über die physiologischen …

To A. R. Wallace   27 October [1872]

Summary

Requests the address of F. F. Geach so that he may send him his book [Expression].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  27 Oct [1872]
Classmark:  The British Library (Surrogate RP 4481/3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8581A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  15, letter from F.  F.  Geach, June 1867, and Correspondence vol.  16, letter from …

From J. F. Mackenzie   8 February 1872

Summary

An engineer in India, who has read Descent, sends observations on native racial characters.

Author:  John Finlayson Mackenzie
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8202

Matches: 2 hits

  • … was a civil engineer in India from 1867 (India Office Records: Financial Department …
  • … Records IOR/L/F/8/3/242, 26 July 1867). CD discussed the formation of races of humans and …

From A. H. Garrod to Francis Darwin   30 June [1872]

Summary

Sends an account of an attempt to take a sphygmograph tracing of a woman during fright

and some references that might apply to CD’s work on pulse rates during rage and fright.

Author:  Alfred Henry Garrod
Addressee:  Francis Darwin
Date:  30 June [1872]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8399

Matches: 2 hits

  • … maladies . Paris: Baillière. Lortet, Louis. 1867. Recherches sur la vitesse du cours du …
  • … on the circulation of the blood ( Lortet 1867 ) in Expression . In a paper completed on …

From Paolo Mantegazza   23 December 1872

Summary

Ecstatic praise of CD and Expression, which has transformed physiognomy.

Sends his papers on sadness ["Dell’azione del dolore", Gaz. Med. Ital. Lombarda (1866, 1867)]. Sends some observations on physiognomy.

Author:  Paolo Mantegazza
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Dec 1872
Classmark:  DAR 171: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8692

Matches: 1 hit

  • … dolore", Gaz. Med. Ital. Lombarda (1866, 1867)]. Sends some observations on physiognomy. …

To Charles Lyell   1 June 1872

Summary

Thanks him for interesting letter from a Mr Wood on heredity in fruit-trees.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 June 1872
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.418); Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.117/6267-8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8366

Matches: 2 hits

  • … ser. 20: 188–200. ] ]Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes …
  • … edition of which was the tenth ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ). Wood refers to the eleventh edition …
Document type
letter (41)
Date
1872
01 (8)
02 (1)
03 (3)
04 (5)
05 (3)
06 (4)
07 (3)
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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