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From W. R. Greg   2 March [1871?]

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Summary

Quotes authority on the decline in height of French army recruits.

Author:  William Rathbone Greg
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar [1871?]
Classmark:  DAR 87: 149–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7532

Matches: 6 hits

  • … refers to Jules François Simon and Simon 1867 , p.  55. L’ouvrier de huit ans : the eight- …
  • … to 1.066 imperial feet. For the numbers of those disqualified, see Simon 1867 , pp.  56–7. …
  • … Bibliography Cochut, André. 1867. Le problème de l’armée: réorganisation de la force …
  • … Shoe String Press. Simon, Jules François. 1867. L’ouvrier de huit ans. Paris: Librairie …
  • … I find that Jules Simon, in his book (1867 ‘L’Ouvrier de Huit Ans’,—gives the following as …
  • … of military forces in France ( Cochut 1867 , p.  655 n. ), noted that the minimum height …

To Theodor Piderit   2 August [1871]

Summary

Comments on TP’s work on mimicry.

Thanks for book he is sending [Wissenschaftliches System der Mimik und Physiognomik (1867)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Theodor Piderit
Date:  2 Aug [1871]
Classmark:  Landesarchiv Nordrhein-Westfalen, Abteilung Ostwestfalen-Lippe (D 72 Piderit, Theodor Nr. 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7893

Matches: 4 hits

  • … for book he is sending [ Wissenschaftliches System der Mimik und Physiognomik (1867)]. …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL with CD’s copy of Piderit 1867 . See Expression , pp.  7–8. The Darwins …
  • … System der Mimik und Physiognomik ( Piderit 1867 ). There is a heavily annotated copy in …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Piderit, Theodor. 1867. Wissenschaftliches System der Mimik und …

To T. H. Huxley   9 October [1871]

Summary

Asks whether THH has written on affinities of Eocene cetacean Zeuglodon. Wants to cite it in 6th ed. of Origin as in some slight degree an intermediate form, but does not know how far he may venture.

Has had more evidence of profound impression of Mivart’s book [Genesis of species].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  9 Oct [1871]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7995

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Shoe String Press. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1867. On the classification of birds; and on the …
  • … certain of the cranial bones observable in that class. [Read 11 April 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 415–72. Origin 6th ed. : The origin of species …
  • … classification of birds ( T.  H.  Huxley 1867 ) in his unbound journals (Darwin Library– …

From W. W. Reade   25 September 1871

Summary

Sees his ideas on conscious and non-conscious intelligence are already in Murphy [J. J. Murphy, Habit and intelligence (1869)].

Encloses an extract from S. W. Baker’s The Albert N’yanza [1866] on the behaviour of the giraffe [See Origin, 6th ed., p. 178], and some references to Baker’s Nile tributaries [1867].

Author:  William Winwood Reade
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Sept 1871
Classmark:  DAR 69: A49; DAR 176: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7968

Matches: 4 hits

  • … See Origin , 6th ed. , p. 178], and some references to Baker’s Nile tributaries [1867]. …
  • … Bibliography Baker, Samuel White. 1867. The Nile tributaries of Abyssinia, and the sword …
  • … his Nile tributaries of Abyssinia ( Baker 1867 ); see also letter from W.  W.  Reade, 20  …
  • … sentinels in herds of giraffes in Baker 1867 , p.  188. He stated that they avoided high …

From Robert Swinhoe   14 March 1871

Summary

Is leaving for Ningpo; asks CD for another copy of his [Queries about expression], which he will try to answer.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1871
Classmark:  DAR 177: 335
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7580

Matches: 3 hits

  • … CD had sent Swinhoe a copy of his Queries on expression in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter to Robert Swinhoe, [27 February 1867] , and letter from …
  • … Robert Swinhoe, 5 August 1867 ). …

From T. H. Huxley   10 October 1871

Summary

Answers CD on transitional forms. Has no doubt Zeuglodon is transitional form between Carnivora and Cetacea.

Met Mivart in Manchester. Some doubt that he was the author of Quarterly Review article.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 166: 326
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8000

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Carinatae (see T.  H.  Huxley 1867 ). In Origin 6th ed. , p.  302, CD added, ‘Even the …
  • … Berlin: Georg Reimer. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1867. On the classification of birds; and on …
  • … certain of the cranial bones observable in that class. [Read 11 April 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 415–72. Huxley, Thomas Henry. 1873. Critiques …

To James Crichton-Browne   28 March [1871]

Summary

Asks whether capillary circulation is ever influenced by the mind’s being directed intently to any part of the body.

Has JC-B ever seen idiots blush? JC-B’s MS on blushing is capital.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  28 Mar [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 335
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7635

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Vogt and a case of blushing reported in Vogt 1867 , pp.  20–1. CD referred to this case in …
  • … and n.  3. CD’s annotated copy of Vogt 1867 , given to him by the author, is in the Darwin …
  • … vol.  15, letter from Carl Vogt, 17 April 1867 . See Correspondence vol.  18, letter from …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …

From E. F. Lubbock   [after 24 February 1871]

Summary

Verses on the Origin and Descent.

Author:  Ellen Frances Hordern; Ellen Frances Lubbock
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 24 Feb 1871]
Classmark:  DAR 170: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7419

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  15, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] , and letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] . …

To J. R. Martin   15 September 1871

Summary

Buys ten shares in the Artizans, Labourers, & General Dwellings Co.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Royle Martin
Date:  15 Sept 1871
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.403)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7943

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Company Ltd. [1967. ] Artizans Centenary: 1867–1967. [London]: Artizans’ & General …
  • … General Dwellings Company was founded in 1867 with the intention of building affordable …

To C. L. Balch   29 May 1871

Summary

Thanks for informing him that the New York Liberal Club has elected him a member. Responds to request to give advice to beginners in biology.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Leland Balch
Date:  29 May 1871
Classmark:  Milwaukee Sentinel, 10 July 1871, p. 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7778F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … voyage ( Correspondence vol.  1); the latest edition was the tenth ( Lyell 1867–8 ). …
  • … 3 vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …

From St G. J. Mivart   24 January 1871

Summary

Is sorry CD found Genesis of species unfairly critical. Assures CD of his just intentions and offers to alter certain words and phrases in a new edition. Emphasises his high regard for CD but fears his views are leading to religious decay.

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7454

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Sybel, Heinrich von. 1867–9. History of the French Revolution. …
  • … refers to Heinrich von Sybel and Sybel 1867–9 . He added a lengthy note drawn from Sybel’s …
  • … and Mivart had been corresponding since 1867 (see Correspondence vols.  15–18). On ‘change …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [31 August 1871]

Summary

In response to a query [from "F. W. B."], CD describes his experience with seeding Leschenaultia, which demonstrates that insect agency is required.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [31 Aug 1871]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle, 9 September 1871, p. 1166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7927

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Bentham, George. 1867. Note on the stigmatic apparatus …
  • … of Goodenovieæ. [Read 19 December 1867. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 10 ( …
  • … of the Linnean Society in 1869 ( Bentham 1867 ). The former family Goodenovieae is now …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   17 [July] 1871

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Summary

Sends Field with an account of the cat show; examples of cats with three extra toes.

Sexual preference of a blue turbit.

CD did not return skull of the horned cock figured in Variation [1: 265].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 [July] 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 173–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7822

Matches: 2 hits

  • … two more, including the horned fowl, in 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15, letter to W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867]). The horned-fowl skull was figured in Variation 1: 265. …

From J. T. Moggridge   [before 22] June 1871

Summary

At Wallace’s suggestion he offers CD his observations on the seed-gathering habits of ants. Suggests their role in seed dispersal.

At work on the last part of his book [Contributions to the flora of Mentone (1867–71)].

Has found that Ophrys insectifera can reproduce asexually.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 22] June 1871
Classmark:  DAR 171: 215
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7788

Matches: 3 hits

  • … book [ Contributions to the flora of Mentone (1867–71)]. Has found that Ophrys insectifera …
  • … working on varieties of Viola odorata in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from …
  • … J.  T.  Moggridge, 6 March [1867] and n.  4). Alexis Jordan was a French botanist known …

From J. V. Carus   20 November 1871

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Summary

Horns of castrated merino rams remain almost undeveloped.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 117–118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8077

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1874. Sison, Robert. 1867. Lohmen. Königliche Merino Stammschäferei …
  • … in 1765 and 1775 from Spain ( Sison 1867 ). See also Correspondence vol.  17, letter from …

From Michele Lessona   5 August 1871

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Summary

On the malar bone [see Descent 1: 124].

Has verified hermaphroditism of Serranus and other fishes as normal [see Descent 1: 208].

Author:  Michele Lessona
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1871
Classmark:  DAR 87: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7901

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Canestrini, Giovanni. 1867. Caratteri anomali e rudimentale in ordine all’ …
  • … the upper jaw ( OED ). Lessona also refers to Giovanni Canestrini and to Canestrini 1867 . …
  • … CD had argued, citing Canestrini 1867 , that the malar bone, which is commonly in two …

From F. T. Köppen   25 April 1871

Summary

Sends his paper on locusts ["Die geographische Verbreitung der Wanderheuschrecke", Petermann’s Geogr. Mittheil. (1871)]. The effect of the growth of forest land on their increase; meteorological and climatic effects.

Also observations made on increase in mice as a result of increase of locusts, on whose eggs they fed, and of increase of weasels that fed on mice.

Author:  Friedrich Theodor Köppen (Fedor Petrovich Keppen)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Apr 1871
Classmark:  DAR 46.1: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7716

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Beobachtungen dem Zoological Record für 1867 entnommen, meine jenen Gegenstand behandelnde …
  • … in the Record of Zoological Literature 4 (1867): 459–61. CD’s lightly annotated copy of …
  • … was taken from the Zoological Record of 1867, but that my publication on that subject has …

From A. R. Wallace   27 January 1871

Summary

Response to [vol. 1 of] CD’s Descent.

Not yet convinced on sexual selection and protection, though their differences are not so great as CD thinks.

On man, he does not think CD has accounted for every step of his development by "ascertained laws".

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1871
Classmark:  DAR 106: B96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7460

Matches: 2 hits

  • … been discussing protective coloration since 1867; see, for example, Correspondence vol.   …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 26 April [1867] . Wallace had published extensively on this …

From F. W. Farrar   21 February [1871]

Summary

Thanks for copy of Descent.

Author:  Frederic William Farrar
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb [1871]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7504

Matches: 2 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  15, letter to F.  W.  Farrar, 5 March 1867, and letter from F.   …
  • … W.  Farrar, 7 March [1867] . According to CD, his headmaster at Shrewsbury School, Samuel …

From W. Baranoff and Heinrich Koch   27 October 1871

Summary

Correspondents are giving public lectures on Descent. Would like CD to supply a statement of his religious views for inclusion.

Author:  W. Baranoff; Koch, Heinrich
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Oct 1871
Classmark:  DAR 160: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8032

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 15, letters from E.  Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 24 January 1867  and n.   …
  • … 3, and 22 March 1867  and n.  8. No portraits appeared in the English editions. …
Document type
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Date
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04 (6)
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06 (4)
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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