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Darwin Correspondence Project

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From Camille Dareste   2 July 1870

Summary

Has found a remarkable anatomical character in the niata skull of which he wrote [see 5540]. Asks whether the skull CD brought from South America [at the Royal College of Surgeons] shows the same character. If so, it would provide incontestable evidence of the origin of this race of cattle.

Author:  Gabriel-Madeleine-Camille (Camille) Dareste
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 162: 47
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7262

Matches: 5 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from Camille Dareste, 19 May 1867  and n.  9). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Dareste, Camille. 1867. Rapport sur un veau monstreux. (Extracted …
  • … to his work Rapport sur un veau monstreaux ( Dareste 1867 ; see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter from Camille Dareste, 19 May 1867  and n.  8). Niata cattle are an abnormally …
  • … 15, letter from Camille Dareste, 19 May 1867 . Dareste refers to his exchange of papers …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   5 September [1870]

Summary

Will order the first set of casts from Murray.

Thanks CD for a book for his wife from the Royal Society Library.

His brother [Alexander] is delighted at being referred to in CD’s work [Descent 1: 205].

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 169: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7317

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD a paper by his brother on this subject in 1867 (A.  O.  Kovalevsky 1866; Correspondence …
  • … letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 March 1867). CD cited the paper and described this ‘ …
  • … vol.  15, letter to V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 2 May [1867] and letter from V.  O.   …
  • … Kovalevsky, [after 24? May 1867] ). The reference is to Alexander Onufrievich Kovalevsky’s …

From Benjamin Clarke   1 November [1870]

Summary

Sends CD some Indian corn seeds to demonstrate the extreme effect sometimes producible on progeny by the mutilation of a parent.

Writes of a recent book.

Author:  Benjamin Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 26 (EH 88206077)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5662

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and the letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). The year is …
  • … the zoological part was ready for the press in early 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 ) but not published until 1870 ( Clarke  …
  • … in the letter from Benjamin Clarke, 25 March 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). For a brief …
  • … of London , p.  111. In his letter of 25 March 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15), Clarke had …

From Hermann Müller   8 March 1870

Summary

HM intends studying bees to find evidence supporting CD’s theories. His work has shown him there are problems in separating species from varieties, and has also revealed many surprising instances of variation in habits.

Author:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 296
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7130

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  5. …
  • … letter from Hermann Müller, 23 October 1867 ). Müller’s paper, ‘Anwendung der Darwin’schen …

To St G. J. Mivart   21 April [1870]

Summary

On amount of modification and lines of descent in determining the position in man.

Reference to StGJM’s article "On the appendicular skeleton of the primates" Phil. Trans. R. Soc. [157 (1867): 299–430],

and his [and James Murie’s] article on lemurs ["On the anatomy of Lemuroidea"] Trans. Zool. Soc. [7 (1872): 1–114].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  21 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7718A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the primates" Phil. Trans. R. Soc. [157 (1867): 299–430], and his [and James Murie’s] …
  • … of the Royal Society of London (Mivart 1867); Mivart’s diagram is on page 425. See …
  • … Descent 1: 185–99. CD refers to Mivart 1867 (see n.  2, above), and probably to Mivart  …

From James Philip Mansel Weale   [25 May 1870]

Summary

Behaviour of ants.

Author:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [25 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7201

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 327–9. Stewart, John. 1996. The British …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 327–9 and 355–8 ( G.  Henslow 1865  and 1866). …
  • … stamens of Muraltia in a letter of 7 July 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15); he described …

From Henry Walter Bates   17 January 1870

thumbnail

Summary

Returns CD’s MS [of entomological section of Descent] marked with suggested alterations.

Suggests qualifications about rudimentary horn in female Onitis furcifer [See Descent 1: 372].

Sends additional data on colour differences in sexes of longicorn Coleoptera [See Descent 1: 367–8].

Suggests a modification of CD’s view of female coloration that would bring him "nearly into harmony" with Wallace.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 82: A44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7082

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Alfred Russel Wallace had discussed since 1867 the relative influence of protection and …
  • … vol.  15, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 24 February [1867] ). See Descent 1: 404. …

From F. C. Donders   28 May 1870

Summary

A detailed description of the physiological and anatomical processes related to the prolonged involuntary contraction of the orbicular muscles and the secretion of tears (as in retching, violent coughing, or laughing). [See Expression, p. 160.].

Author:  Frans Cornelis (Franciscus Cornelius) Donders
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1870
Classmark:  DAR 162: 226
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7207

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the physiology of tear secretion; Herzenstein 1867 ). CD quoted, in translation, the two …
  • … John Murray. 1872. Herzenstein, Ulrich. 1867. Zur Physiologie der Thränensecretion. …
  • … Physiologie und wissenschaftliche Medicin (1867): 651–67. OED : The Oxford English …

To Albert Günther   23 March [1870]

Summary

Expresses his "unbounded admiration" for Mr Ford’s woodcuts [for Descent]. Thanks AG for his kindness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Date:  23 Mar [1870]
Classmark:  Shrewsbury School, Taylor Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7146

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 15, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). The illustration that CD refers to is …

To John Tyndall   8 September 1870

Summary

CD finds JT’s discourse "grand and most interesting" [On the scientific use of the imagination (1870)]. Flattered by what JT says about him.

He is "a rash man to say a good word for Pangenesis for it has hardly a friend among naturalists".

CD is much struck with what JT says about "pondering" and delighted by his "as if" argument.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Tyndall
Date:  8 Sept 1870
Classmark:  The Michael Faraday Museum at the Royal Institution of Great Britain, London, reference RI MS JT/2/10/458, spine title: Journal V111A 1858–71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7319

Matches: 2 hits

  • … relation to scientific discovery, see Tyndall 1867, p.  655, and Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 2 September [1867] and n.  5. The phrase ‘particles of our sky’ …

To J. D. Hooker   12 July [1870]

Summary

Has not heard of Curtis on Dionaea.

Duke of Argyll is clever, but it is a sin to speak of a real old Duke as a "little beggar".

"My theology is a simple muddle: I cannot look at the Universe as the result of blind chance, yet I can see no evidence of beneficent Design."

On spontaneous generation and Bastian.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  12 July [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 179–180
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7273

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1868. Wyman, Jeffries. 1867. Observations and experiments on living …
  • … performed by Jeffries Wyman (see Wyman 1867 ). According to CD’s hypothesis of heredity, …

From William Bernhard Tegetmeier   14 July 1870

Summary

Sends a letter by Mr Teebay on variation in wild ducks.

Offers to lend Dr Cooper’s book on game fowls.

Is preparing a new edition [1873] of his Poultry book.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 178: 82, DAR 193: 43
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7274

Matches: 2 hits

  • … refers to The poultry book ( Tegetmeier 1867 ) and to Variation. The new edition of The …
  • … Press. 2004. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding …

To St G. J. Mivart   23 April [1870]

Summary

Thanks StGJM for prompt answer correcting inaccuracies in CD’s notes on StGJM’s opinions. Expects "universal disapprobation" when he publishes Descent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  23 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.375)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7171

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 22 April 1870 . CD refers to Mivart 1865, 1866a, 1866b, and 1867. CD refers to Descent. …

From Charles Anthoni Johnson Brooke   30 November 1870

Summary

Encloses a few answers to CD’s queries on expression. Continues to observe the expressions and habits of the Malays, Dyaks, and Saribus tribes [See Expression, pp. 21, 209].

Author:  Charles Anthoni Johnson Brooke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 160: 322, 322/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7386

Matches: 2 hits

  • … queries on expression to Brooke in March 1867, with a letter that has not been found (see …
  • … 15, letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 7 March [1867] and n.  2). For a list of CD’s queries (he …

To Henrietta Emma Darwin   [8 February 1870]

Summary

Sends MS [of chs. 3 and 4, "Comparison of the mental powers of man and the lower animals", Descent] to HED for her criticism. CD fears parts are too much like a sermon; "who wd ever have thought I shd turn parson?"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henrietta Emma Darwin; Henrietta Emma Litchfield
Date:  [8 Feb 1870]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add MS 58373: 1–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7124

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of Variation (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter to H.  E.  Darwin, 26 July [1867]). …

To Gustav Jäger   17 February 1870

Summary

Encloses his letter to GJ [6885], which was returned.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gustav Jäger
Date:  17 Feb 1870
Classmark:  Frau Dr Hildegard Jaeger (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7111

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Gardens of Vienna in 1866 and in 1867 became professor of zoology and anthropology at the …

To James Paget   4 June [1870]

Summary

Asks to have observations made of a person retching violently, but ejecting nothing from stomach, in order to test relation between spasmodic contraction of orbicular muscles and tears. CD believes tears are caused by matter filling nostrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  4 June [1870]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.5703/38)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7217

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  15, letter from James Paget, 9 July 1867 , and Correspondence vol.  17, letter to …

To Armand de Quatrefages   20 July [1870]

Summary

Sends list of his publications.

Is grateful for interest QdeB has taken in his election [to Académie Française].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  20 July [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.377); Artcurial, Paris (dealers) (24 November 2008, lot 120, and 19 November 2018 (Les Collections Aristophil: Sciences), lot 736); Sotheby’s, New York (dealers) (17 December 2017, lot 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7285

Matches: 2 hits

  • … oxlip. Journal of Linn. Soc Vol 10 1867 (Bot). p 437 to 454 Notes on the fertilization of …
  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Coral reefs : The structure and …

To William Ogle   9 November 1870

Summary

Has read WO’s paper [see 7361] with great interest. If WO’s views are confirmed he will be able to explain many odd little details about the colouring of animals.

Can WO observe if the platysma myoides is brought into strong action in people suffering from severe dyspnoea?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  9 Nov 1870
Classmark:  DAR 147: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7364

Matches: 1 hit

  • … vol.  15, letter from James Paget, 9 July 1867 ). See also Correspondence vol.  17, letter …

From St G. J. Mivart   22 April 1870

Summary

Is not prepared to express an opinion on man’s origin. On pure anatomical grounds he would form a family of the higher division of the primates, but if man’s intellectual, moral, and religious nature is considered, then "he differs more from an Anthropoid Ape than such an Ape differs from a lump of granite".

Author:  St George Jackson Mivart
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Apr 1870
Classmark:  DAR 171: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7170

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Royal Society of London (Mivart 1867). There are tree diagrams in Mivart 1865, p.   …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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