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From Thomas Campbell Eyton   [before 23 January 1869]

Summary

Is trying to determine conditions governing whether or not a salmon will rise for a fly.

Author:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 23 Jan 1869]
Classmark:  DAR 163: 42
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6572

Matches: 5 hits

  • … supplements have not been found. The first volume and atlas of Milne-Edwards 1867–71  were …
  • … published in 1867 and 1868. The book Eyton refers to has not been identified. …
  • … Maritime Museum. Eyton, Thomas Campbell. 1867–75. Osteologia avium; or, a sketch of the …
  • … R. Hobson. Milne-Edwards, Alphonse. 1867–71. Recherches anatomiques et paléontologiques …
  • … supplement to Osteologia avium ( Eyton 1867–75 ), published in 1869. CD’s copy of the book …

From Anton Dohrn   30 December 1869

Summary

He has gone through the whole embryology of the Crustacea and has arrived at a pretty well-established genealogy of the whole class; has even tried to write a history of the whole tribe. Finds he cannot adopt the old separation of Orders in the Class; the limits between them are indistinct.

Would like to study embryology of Limulus. Asks CD’s help in obtaining a female specimen.

Outlines his proposal to establish a marine zoological station.

Author:  Felix Anton (Anton) Dohrn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Dec 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 204
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7038

Matches: 10 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Dohrn, Anton. 1867. On the morphology of the Arthropoda. [ …
  • … before the British Association, 5 September 1867. ] Journal of Anatomy and Physiology 2 ( …
  • … Dohrn had sent CD a paper on the morphology of the Arthropoda in 1867 ( …
  • … Dohrn 1867 ; see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter to Anton Dohrn, 26 November [1867] ). See also letter to Anton Dohrn, 25  …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  15, letter to Anton Dohrn, 26 November [1867] , and letter from …
  • … Anton Dohrn, 30 November 1867  and n.  5. See also Heuss 1991 , pp.   …
  • … on this subject published in Dohrn 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  16, letter to Ernst …
  • … larval insects and crustaceans ( Dohrn 1867 , p.   86); see n.  2, above. Limulus (the …
  • … in St Petersburg until his retirement in 1867, and was a friend of Carl August Dohrn. The …

From Alfred Russel Wallace   20 January 1869

Summary

Dedication of Malay Archipelago to CD.

Comments on scientific papers.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 106: B73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6561

Matches: 6 hits

  • … p.  203). Wallace’s review of C.  Lyell 1867–8 appeared in the April 1869 issue of the …
  • … Disraeli had passed the Reform Act in 1867 (Mitchell et al. 1988). See n.  8, above. …
  • … Quarterly Review 125: 188–217. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … John Murray. Murchison, Roderick Impey. 1867. Siluria: a history of the oldest rocks in …
  • … Lyell’s Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ) appeared in the Guardian , 30 December …
  • … Impey Murchison’s Siluria ( Murchison 1867 ), ‘Sir Roderick Murchison and modern schools …

From Robert Swinhoe   16 October 1869

Summary

Has a book of photographs of Japanese that CD might be interested in for his work on expression.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 177: 332
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6940

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in Notes and Queries on China and Japan 1 (1867): 105 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter to Robert Swinhoe, [27 February 1867] , where the queries are reproduced, and …
  • … letter from Robert Swinhoe, 5 August 1867 ). …

From A. R. Wallace   18 April [1869]

Summary

Expands upon their differences in regard to man and the question of the existence of forces not yet recognised by science.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Apr [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B79–80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6703

Matches: 3 hits

  • … to his review of George Douglas Campbell’s The reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , …
  • … Wallace 1867). …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …

To A. R. Wallace   22 January [1869]

Summary

Response to letter about dedication of Malay Archipelago and several scientific papers.

Changes in 5th ed. of Origin.

Now feels individual differences of paramount importance. Fleeming Jenkin has convinced him about "single variations".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  22 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 165–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6567

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1985–. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … with several criticisms of CD’s theory, by Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin in June 1867 ( [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 ). Wallace responded to these criticisms in …
  • … in the Quarterly Journal of Science (Wallace 1867; see Correspondence vol.  15). For CD’s …

From Federico Delpino   22 August 1869

Summary

Declares himself CD’s defender; but he is a "teleologist".

Sends CD three more papers.

His research confirms his faith and belief in variability of species.

Author:  Federico Delpino
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Aug 1869
Classmark:  DAR 162: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6866

Matches: 4 hits

  • … had sent CD two papers on dichogamy in 1867 (Delpino 1867a and 1867b; see Correspondence …
  • … from Federico Delpino, 5 September 1867  and n.  2). For more on Delpino’s teleological …
  • … compiacque aggradire due miei scritti editi nel 1867, mi prendo la libertà di comunicar le …
  • … appreciate two works of mine published in 1867, I take the liberty to send you three later …

From V. O. Kovalevsky   13 September 1869

Summary

Since March has been living in Heidelberg, where his wife is studying mathematics and physics.

The Russian translation of Variation has been printed in his absence; he will bring a copy to Down if he receives one from Russia.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 169: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6890

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Kovalevsky visited CD at Down in August 1867, not 1866 as Kovalevsky writes in this …
  • … of his brother’s embryological papers in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from …
  • … V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 March 1867 and n.  6). Emma Darwin, Henrietta Emma Darwin, and …
  • … 9) was published in seven parts between 1867 and 1869 and also issued in book form (see …

From J. V. Carus   22 January 1869

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Summary

On development of horns in merino sheep. Encloses reports from herdsmen he has approached.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 86: A43–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6569

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Sison, Robert. 1867. Lohmen. Königliche Merino Stammschäferei …
  • … Stammschäferei Sachsens v.  1765’ ( Sison 1867 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … first volume had been printed in December 1867, the second did not appear until July 1868. …

To J. D. Hooker   16 January [1869]

Summary

Finds JDH’s comments of utmost value. Answers some questions, and asks new ones. Transmission of variations. Relation of uniformity of structure to natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  16 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 112–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6557

Matches: 3 hits

  • … would not be perpetuated (see [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  288–92; see also Gayon 1998 , pp.  97– …
  • … Press. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … some aspects of CD’s theory ( [Jenkin] 1867 ). For more on the review and responses to it, …

To A. R. Wallace   2 February [1869]

Summary

CD expressed himself badly. F. Jenkin’s argument was against single variations ever being perpetuated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  2 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  The British Library Board (Add MS 46434: 168–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6591

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … in the North British Review ( [Jenkin] 1867 ). Violet Wallace. See letter from A.  R.   …

From Edward Burnett Tylor   8 September 1869

Summary

Wishes to borrow a paper by R. G. Haliburton on superstitions connected with sneezing [see 5635].

Author:  Edward Burnett Tylor
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 178: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6883

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Collection–CUL.  CD had lent his copy to John Lubbock, in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … letter from John Lubbock, 28 September [1867] and n.  2). Beliefs associated with sneezing …

To Alphonse de Candolle   11 October 1869

Summary

Thanks AdeC for his interesting letter [6915]. The experiment strikes CD as a very valuable one. CD has forwarded the letter to Hooker, who is glad to make the trial. CD will have many experiments in progress next spring but he will open the packet of seeds and if they are numerous, will try a few himself.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alphonse de Candolle
Date:  11 Oct 1869
Classmark:  Archives de la famille de Candolle (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6933

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Cambridge University Press. 1985–. Nägeli, Carl Wilhelm von. 1867. Die Piloselliformia. [ …
  • … Read 4 May 1867. ] Sitzungsberichte der königlichen Bayerischen Akademie der …
  • … pilosella (mouse ear hawkweed; see Nägeli 1867 , p.  478). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From Fritz Müller   18 October 1869

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Summary

Describes experiments to test the fertility of Abutilon, which appears self-sterile,

and briefly mentions dichogamy in Eschscholzia.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 76: B178, Linnean Society of London (LS Ms 299/12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6943

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 15, letter to Fritz Müller, 2 November 1867 and n.  13. See Delpino 1868–75 , 1: 172. …
  • … probably the species that Müller first described to CD in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  4). See letter from Fritz Müller, 14  …

To A. C. Ramsay   3 February [1869]

Summary

Received and read ACR’s Physical geology. Places him at head of the subaeria denudationists. Unfortunately CD confounded William Whitaker’s article with ACR’s views and gave Whitaker credit for first producing the evidence. Will rectify it now. Has eliminated the rubbish he wrote on the Weald and will add a paragraph on importance of subaerial denudation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  3 Feb [1869]
Classmark:  DAR 261.9: 4 (EH 88205977)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6598

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and lower tertiary beds’ ( Whitaker 1867 ). Two offprints of the article, one annotated, …
  • … London: John Murray. 1869. Whitaker, William. 1867. On subaërial denudation, and on cliffs …
  • … chalk and lower Tertiary beds. [Read 8 May 1867. ] Geological Magazine 4: 447–54, 483–93. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   17 April 1869

Summary

Wants information on plumage of chickens

and table of sex ratios in greyhounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  17 Apr 1869
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6698

Matches: 2 hits

  • … geese have curled feathers on parts of their bodies (see Tegetmeier 1867 , pp.  312, 316). …
  • … 1985–. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding and …

From W. C. Tait   2 March 1869

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Summary

Sends a single specimen of Drosophyllum lusitanicum with description from F. de Avellar Brotero’s Flora Lusitanica [1804].

Discusses Portuguese ferns,

inherited mutilation,

and the earth’s geological history.

Evolution of behaviour and beauty by natural selection.

Author:  William Chester Tait
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 18a–f
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6639

Matches: 4 hits

  • … ex typographia regia. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander …
  • … eighth duke of Argyll, and to Campbell 1867 . Campbell suggested that specialised beaks …
  • … Forms for new spheres of enjoyment’ ( Campbell 1867 , pp.  241–2). For CD’s response to …
  • … 15, letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] . See Whiting 1855 , pp.  98–9 n.  1. The …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   21 July [1869]

Summary

Further queries on poultry plumage.

WBT’s visit to America.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  21 July [1869]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6839

Matches: 2 hits

  • … colour around the feather. In Tegetmeier 1867 , p.  148, Tegetmeier referred to feathers …
  • … 1990. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding and …

To James Crichton-Browne   22 May 1869

Summary

Thanks for MS observations on expression. Discusses hair standing on end in terror and rage. Asks JC-B to observe contraction of platysma myoides. "Your description of the grinning and exposure of the canine teeth under furious rage is excellent. I presume that you would not object to my quoting it." Asks about contraction of "grief muscles". Comments on blushing. Offers to send book by G. B. A. Duchenne [Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  22 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 327
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6755

Matches: 4 hits

  • … vol.  15, letter from James Paget, 9 July 1867 ). In Expression CD cited both Langstaff …
  • … letter to J.  P.  M.  Weale, 27 August [1867] . The enclosure has not been found, but see …
  • … letter to J.  P.   M.  Weale, 27 August [1867] ). See n.  10, above. Question 2 refers to …
  • … vol.  15, letter from James Paget, 9 July 1867 , and this volume, letter to James Paget, …

To James Croll   31 January [1869]

Summary

Returns book with thanks. "Joyfully accepts" idea of the warming of Southern Hemisphere during glacial period in the Northern. Lyell is unwilling.

Mentions H. N. Moseley’s study of descent of glaciers [Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 17 (1869): 202–8].

CD greatly troubled by problem of age of the earth and calculations of Sir William Thomson. Asks about changes in the form of the globe.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  31 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.361)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6585

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … close of the Cambrian period’. In C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 232, Lyell had suggested that the …
  • … at Down on 29 January 1869. See C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 268–73. CD refers to Croll’s theory …
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1869
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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