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To J. P. M. Weale   23 January [1868]

Summary

Thanks for information on expression.

Poor progress of civilisation in South Africa. CD’s doubts and fears about democracy.

JPMW’s views on glaciation in S. Africa will discredit him unless supported by clearest evidence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Date:  23 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 50)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5795

Matches: 18 hits

  • … letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). Information …
  • … portion of his letter of [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). Weale’s wife was …
  • … professor of botany at Oxford since 1834, had died in 1867. Weale had sent replies to CD’s …
  • … was in a missing portion of his letter of [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). …
  • … Roland Trimen visited CD at Down on 28 and 29 December 1867 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter to Roland Trimen, 24 December [1867] ). Weale’s request for a photograph …
  • … portion of his letter of [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). CD probably sent a …
  • … Murray. 1859. Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1867. Notes on the structure and fertilization …
  • … at Bedford, South Africa. [Read 7 March 1867. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … emotions in his letter of [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15); see also ibid. , …
  • … letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 . Weale had criticised missionary teaching in …
  • … from J.  P.  M.  Weale, [10 December 1867] ). For CD’s views on missionary work, based on …
  • … 508, and Browne 1995 , pp.  330–1. The 1867 Reform Act gave the vote to every male adult …
  • … letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). Thomas Henry …
  • … to the Linnean Society of London ( Weale 1867 ; see Correspondence vol.  15, letter to …
  • … J.  P.  M.  Weale, 22 February [1867] ). The photographs have not been found in the Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). Darwin later …
  • … portion of his letter of [10 December 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). CD refers to Louis …

To J. V. Carus   1 February [1868]

Summary

Questions arising in German translation of Variation; its sales prospects. CD from the first has said it was very doubtful that the book was worth translating.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Julius Victor Carus
Date:  1 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Darmstaedter Lc 1859: Darwin, Charles, Bl. 29–30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5834

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 15, letter from Eduard Koch, 11  December 1867 ). …
  • … in the letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 15 March 1867 ( ibid. ). Two author’s copies of the …
  • … of Carus trans.  1868 had been sent to CD in December 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … evidently published at the end of December 1867, although it carried a publication date of …
  • … 15, letter from Eduard Koch, 11 December 1867 ). The second volume was published in July ( …
  • … 21 July 1868 ). See Correspondence vol.  15, letter to J.  V.  Carus, 11 April [1867] . …
  • … CD’s only extant letter in 1867 to the French publisher of Variation is incomplete ( …
  • … vol.  15, letter to C. -F.  Reinwald, [May 1867]). See, however, the letter from J.   …
  • … J.  Moulinié, 3 May 1867 ( ibid. ). The Russian edition of Variation (V.  O.  Kovalevsky …

To W. W. Reade   21 May [1868]

Summary

Thanks WWR for information in answer to his queries concerning expression.

Asks when horns first appear among a breed of sheep on the Guinea coast,

and for information about the gorilla and chimpanzee.

Asks about African ideas of beauty.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Winwood Reade
Date:  21 May [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.371)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6754

Matches: 14 hits

  • … same questions in late 1866 and early 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15). CD had received …
  • … enclosure to letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 , and possibly letter from M.   …
  • … E.  Barber, [after February 1867]), from the United States ( ibid. , …
  • … letter from George Gibbs, 31 March 1867 , and letter from J.  T.   …
  • … Rothrock to Asa Gray, 31 March 1867), from the Malay Peninsula ( ibid. letter from F.   …
  • … F.  Geach, June 1867, and this volume, letter from F.  F.  Geach, …
  • … 15, letter from Fritz Müller, [8 October 1867] , n.  2), from India ( ibid. , letter from …
  • … Erskine to F.  J.  Wedgwood, 1 November 1867, and this volume, letter from G.  H.  K.   …
  • … letter from Julius von Haast, 4 December 1867 ), and from Australia ( ibid. , letter from …
  • … F.  A.  Hagenauer to Ferdinand von Mueller, [12 September 1867] , letter from Ferdinand …
  • … von Mueller, 8 October 1867 , letter from Edward …
  • … Wilson, 8 November 1867 , letter from Samuel Wilson to …
  • … Ferdinand von Mueller, 12 November 1867 , and this volume, letter from Edward Wilson, 19  …
  • … letter from B.  J.  Sulivan, 11 January 1867), and recollections of the peoples of South …

From George Henslow   28 March 1868

Summary

Thanks for criticism of his paper [on Variation].

If external conditions induce variability, what is the internal cause?

Does not agree with Duke of Argyll that "Origin of Species" is an incorrect term.

Sees playfulness of animals as a mark of the Deity’s creative playfulness.

Will visit soon.

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 166: 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6063

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Henslow refers to George Douglas Campbell and Campbell 1867 , p.  230. …
  • … and grotesque elements in nature, see Henslow 1867 , pp.  268–9. The Tuesday following 28  …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Henslow, George. 1867. Natural theology, considered in reference …
  • … its present position. [Read 20 November 1867. ] Educational Times 11: 267–72. Variation : …
  • … returned Henslow’s article ( Henslow 1867 ) with his comments, but these have not been …
  • … discussion of the causes of variation, see Henslow 1867 , p.  270. Henslow had argued that …
  • … no one could explain the immediate origin of variation. See Henslow 1867 , p.  269. …

From J. D. Hooker   20 May 1868

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Summary

Trip with Huxley was perfect.

At Torquay later he had a lecture on "Kent’s hole" from Joseph Pengelly.

George Bentham acknowledges himself unreservedly a convert to Darwinism. Many will still cling to a "rag of protection, but will eventually haul it down".

A. Murray’s later parts better than first [? Geographical distribution of mammals (1866)].

Wallace’s paper shows great ability.

Disgusted with [Duke of Argyll’s] Reign of law.

His depression and exhaustion.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 102: 210–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6189

Matches: 12 hits

  • … and others]. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … at Bemerton, Torquay, from about 1867 ( Medical directory , s.v. Lombe, Thomas Robert), …
  • … in London 1: 336–432. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1867–1925. Tristram, Henry Baker. 1868. On the …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 16 (1867–8): 316–19. [Also published in Annals …
  • … Lyell’s Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ). See letter from George Bentham, [ …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 . Frances Harriet Hooker was pregnant with …
  • … see also Correspondence vol.  15, letters from Andrew Murray, 12 August 1867 , 16  …
  • … September 1867 , and …
  • … 13 December 1867 ). The second part of the first (and only) volume contained an article by …
  • … Campbell, the duke of Argyll, and his Reign of law ( Campbell 1867 ), and to Richard Owen. …
  • … discussed the flight of birds in Campbell 1867 , pp.  128–80, and rudimentary organs in …

To Julius von Haast   28 January [1868]

Summary

Thanks JvH for J. Stack’s answers [to queries about expression]. Though few, they are the best and clearest he has received. Sends a corrected printed version of queries.

Belatedly thanks JvH for his splendid report on glaciers [missing].

CD lives "in constant state of overwork and fatigue".

Everyone astonished by Dinornis photos.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Date:  28 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  Alexander Turnbull Library, National Library of New Zealand (Haast family papers, MS-Papers-0037-051-3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5808

Matches: 8 hits

  • … letter and the letter from Julius von Haast, 4 December 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). …
  • … With his letter of 4 December 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15), Haast had included replies …
  • … with his letter to Haast of 27 February [1867] ( ibid. ). Stack’s observations of the …
  • … now extinct, in his letter of 4 December 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15; the photograph is …
  • … list of questions had been prepared for CD by Asa Gray in 1867 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 15, letter from Asa Gray, 26 March 1867 ). CD also had …
  • … printed list of his own prepared in late 1867 or early 1868; see Correspondence vol.  16, …
  • … 15, letter from Julius von Haast, 4 December 1867 . The report has not been found in the …

From Edward Blyth   [after 3 February 1868]

Summary

Recommends J. Scott’s paper on crossing varieties of Verbascum.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 3 Feb 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 210
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5750

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Bibliography Blanford, William T. 1867. Zoological notes. Journal of the Asiatic Society …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …
  • … Journ As. Soc. B. , No III, pt II, for 1867? I have lent my copy just now, but can send it …
  • … is established by the reference to Scott 1867 , which was published on 3 February 1868. …
  • … Blyth refers to John Scott and Scott 1867 , which appeared in the Journal of the Asiatic …
  • … 2: 106–7. Blyth refers to Blanford 1867 . In his letter of 4 January 1868 , Blyth …

From J. D. Hooker   28 January 1868

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Summary

Wollaston’s situation hopeless; he must go to Boulogne or Jersey to live. A friend will keep his collection and books together.

JDH’s opinion of Wollaston’s Coleoptera Hesperidum [1867].

Cannot read Duke of Argyll.

CD’s view of Asa Gray as foreign member of Royal Society; compares him to Candolle.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 102: 189–190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5807

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … of Wollaston’s Coleoptera Hesperidum [1867]. Cannot read Duke of Argyll. CD’s view of Asa …
  • … London: Macgibbon & Kee. Wollaston, Thomas Vernon. 1867. Coleoptera Hesperidum, being an …
  • … 1868] . The reference is to Wollaston 1867 , a descriptive catalogue of the beetles of the …
  • … a large number of Coleoptera ( Wollaston 1867 , p.  xxviii). In his efforts to suppress an …
  • … reference is to The reign of law ( Campbell 1867 ), by George Douglas Campbell, the duke …
  • … to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] . The procedures for the election of foreign …

To B. D. Walsh   21 September 1868

Summary

Thanks BDW for pamphlets [by S. H. Scudder and J. D. Caton].

His information about Cicada is of extraordinary interest. Discusses stridulation organs which certainly sometimes differ in the sexes. CD would be curious to know if "dumb" Cicada can breed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  21 Sept 1868
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6382

Matches: 6 hits

  • … different only in some species; see Scudder 1867 , pp.  309–10, for the differing songs. …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1867. Notes on the stridulation of some …
  • … New England Orthoptera. [Read 23 October 1867. ] Proceedings of the Boston Society of …
  • … the stridulating organs of Orthoptera ( Scudder 1867 ; see letter from B.  D.  Walsh, 29  …
  • … from the April 1868 issue of the periodical, rather than from the October 1867 number ( …
  • … see Scudder 1867 ). For CD’s use of Caton 1868 , sent to him by Walsh, see the letter to …

From Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky   26 February 1868

Summary

His translation and printing of Variation will be completed in two months.

His work on a relief committee for Russia’s agricultural distress has forced him to travel 1000 miles in the last week.

Plans to visit CD in July.

Author:  Vladimir Onufrievich Kovalevsky (Владимир Онуфриевич Ковалевский)
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 169: 76
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5938

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to be lost (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 14 May 1867 ). …
  • … Russian translation of Variation in May 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter to V.   …
  • … O.  Kovalevsky, 2 May [1867] ). René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur, devised a temperature …
  • … Darwin. He had visited CD at Down in August 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15, Appendix II); …

From Robert McLachlan   21 February 1868

Summary

On numerical proportions of sexes in insects; coloration. Dimorphism in dragonflies (Agrion) in which usual coloration is reversed in sexes [see Descent 1: 362–4].

Wallace seems to ride his hobby too hard.

Author:  Robert McLachlan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 86: A8–9, DAR 82: A88–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5910

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Wallace, 12 and 13  October [1867] ). …
  • … Bibliography Brauer, Friedrich. 1867. Ueber den Dimorphismus der Weibchen in der …
  • … vol.  15, letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] , and letter to A.  R.   …
  • … Brauer’s paper on female dimorphism in Neurothemis ( Brauer 1867 ), citing the abstract in …
  • … the Zoological Record for 1867, p.   450, in Descent 1: 363. CD’s annotated copy of the …

From Gaston de Saporta   6 September 1868

Summary

Strong support for theory of descent.

Observations on palaeobotany of S. France. Most woody angiosperm genera date far back. Magnolia type unchanged. Intermediate fossil species. Ancient species of Quercus persists as variety of modern species. Fossil evidence of ice age.

CD’s works have been an inspiration in France.

Author:  Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de Saporta, comte de Saporta
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 177: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6352

Matches: 15 hits

  • … 5 , pp.  112–16 (vol.  4), and Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  67, 127 (vol.  8). Quercus virens , …
  • … Cercis siliquastrum , the Judas tree, see Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  117–19 (vol.  8). CD …
  • … Saporta described Fagus pristina in Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  69–70 (vol.  8), where he noted …
  • … and discussed Pistacia miocenica in Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  52–4 (vol.  9), noting its …
  • … 5–152; 4 (1865): 5–264. Saporta, Gaston de. 1867–8. Études sur la végétation du sud-est de …
  • … sciences naturelles (botanique) 5th ser. 8 (1867): 5–136; 9 (1868): 5–62. Saporta, Gaston …
  • … 7. ] Saporta, Louis Charles Joseph Gaston de. 1867. Analyse d’un mémoire intitulé: sur la …
  • … des plantes fossiles. [Read 15 April 1867. ] Bulletin de la Société Geologique de France …
  • … sur la végétation du sud-est de la France’ ( Saporta 1867–8 ). Recent publications noting …
  • … period included Capellini and Heer 1867 (see pp.  12, 20–1) and Lesquereux 1868 . For an …
  • … magnolias in, for example, Saporta 1867 , p.  503. He discussed recent discoveries of …
  • … see Saporta 1862–5 , p.  180, and Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  22, 104, for Tertiary species. For …
  • … as Pyracantha coccinea ; see Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  54–7 (vol.  9), for his description of …
  • … fossil of Juglans ; see also Saporta 1867–8 , p.  109 (vol.  8). For a later discussion of …
  • … predecessors of Laurus nobilis , see Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  75–6 (vol.  8), and 37–40 ( …

To Charles Lyell   [19 March 1868]

Summary

The second volume of Lyell’s [Principles, 10th ed.] gives a "fair history of the progress of opinion on Species".

Pleased by allusion to Pangenesis: "an untried hypothesis is always dangerous ground".

Looks forward to chapter on domestication and on man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [19 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.349)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6023

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the …
  • … reference to the second volume of Lyell 1867–8 (see n.  2, below) and by an endorsement in …
  • … of Lyell’s Principles of Geology ( Lyell 1867–8 ) was published between 16 and 31 March  …
  • … and included chapters 34 to 49 ( Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 244–613). Lyell discussed different …
  • … natural selection in chapter 37 ( Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 261–328); he referred frequently to …
  • … the preface to the second volume ( Lyell 1867–8 , 2: vii), Lyell mentioned CD’s ‘doctrine …
  • … 2: 357–404). CD refers to chapters 36 and 43 ( Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 284–315, 464–94). …

To J. D. Hooker   6 January [1868]

Summary

Thanks for plant names.

H. C. Watson a renegade about natural selection. Discusses HCW’s views.

F. Müller’s letter enclosed.

Friedrich Hildebrand’s experiments are splendid for Pangenesis [Die Geschlechter-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 39–40
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5779

Matches: 7 hits

  • … are splendid for Pangenesis [ Die Geschlechter-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)]. …
  • … Dallas. He had informed CD on 4 November 1867 that he expected to finish the work in a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 4 November 1867). CD had hoped …
  • … Variation would be published by the end of November 1867 ( ibid. , …
  • … letter to Fritz Müller, 2 November 1867 ). CD refers to William Henslow Hooker and John …
  • … the letter from Fritz Müller, [8 October 1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15); this portion of …
  • … had written a letter to Hooker on 7 October 1867 in which he described the Solanum -like …

To Osbert Salvin   1 June 1868

Summary

Encloses some queries.

Would also like information about proportion of male to female humming-birds.

Reference to OS’s paper in Ibis, vol. 2.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Osbert Salvin
Date:  1 June 1868
Classmark:  Sybil Rampen (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6221A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … by Selasphorus platycercus (the broad-tailed humming-bird) in Salvin 1867 , p.  160. …
  • … genus Leptoptila (now Leptotila ) in Salvin 1867 , p.  159, he did not make any remarks on …
  • … birds of Guatemala. Ibis 2: 259–72. Salvin, Osbert. 1867. On some collections of birds …
  • … from Veragua. [Read 24 January 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 129–61. Saussure, Henri Louis Frédéric de. …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London for 1867; he argued that the genus Chamaepetes was …
  • … strongly arched and attenuated ( Salvin 1867 , pp.  159–60). Penelope , Aburria , …

From John Scott   8 January [1868]

Summary

Asks CD for memorandum giving his opinion on a proposal to move the site of the Calcutta Botanic Garden. Gives details of the position, the physical character and the climate of the present site to show how desirable a move would be.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5351

Matches: 8 hits

  • … The year is established by the reference to the November 1867 cyclone (see n.  2, below). …
  • … Thomas Anderson. A cyclone on 2 November 1867 destroyed much of the Royal Botanic Garden, …
  • … in Gardeners’ Chronicle , 14 December 1867, pp.  1265–6. A cyclone had also caused …
  • … vol.  15, letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867 ). Sikkim, a mountainous state in north- …
  • … l Bot Gardens | Calcutta 8 th . Jan y . 1867 Dear Sir, I have been asked by Dr.  Anderson …
  • … 15, letter from John Scott, 24 September 1867 . Scott responded to the queries in his …
  • … the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 18 December 1867, p.  1322. Scott also refers to George Henry …
  • … also Gardeners’ Chronicle , 28 December 1867, p.  1322, and R.  Desmond 1992 . For more on …

From W. S. Dallas   22 February 1868

Summary

Has sent his translations [of parts of Theodor Piderit, System der Mimik und Physiognomik (1867)].

Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin [1864] would sell if well translated. WSD would be glad to undertake it.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 162: 15
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5917

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Piderit, System der Mimik und Physiognomik (1867)]. Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin [1864] would …
  • … translations of F.  Müller 1864 and Piderit 1867 (CD’s Classed account books (Down House …
  • … Garland Publishing. 1990. Piderit, Theodor. 1867. Wissenschaftliches System der Mimik und …
  • … Dallas had translated portions of Piderit 1867 (see letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 19  …

From F. F. Geach   4 July 1868

Summary

Answers to Expression questionnaire.

Author:  Frederick F. Geach
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1868
Classmark:  DAR 165: 23/2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6267F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the enclosure to Geach’s letter of June 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15) in Expression , …
  • … after receiving his address from Alfred Russel Wallace in March 1867; Geach had sent …
  • … preliminary replies in June 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter from F.   …
  • … F.  Geach, June 1867 and n.  2). …
  • … printed list of questions, produced in late 1867 or early 1868, see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … in Geach’s letter and enclosure of June 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). CD quoted Geach’s …

To T. C. Eyton   25 August [1868]

Summary

Thanks TCE for copy of his book [Osteologia avium (1867)].

Recalls visits to Eyton.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  25 Aug [1868]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.353)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6331

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Thanks TCE for copy of his book [ Osteologia avium (1867)]. Recalls visits to Eyton. …
  • … main part of his Osteologia avium ( Eyton 1867–75 ). See letter from T.  C.  Eyton, 23  …
  • … Press. 1985–. Eyton, Thomas Campbell. 1867–75. Osteologia avium; or, a sketch of the …

From William Sweetland Dallas   8 January 1868

Summary

Has sent off last portion of index [to Variation]. Hopes CD will be pleased with it. Will never undertake such labour again. He fears it has been an unfavourable way to make CD’s acquaintance. Trusts to CD’s goodness not to hate his name for the rest of his life.

Author:  William Sweetland Dallas
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 162: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5780

Matches: 3 hits

  • … introduced’. See Correspondence vol.  15, letters from W.  S.  Dallas, 4 November 1867 and …
  • … 20 November 1867, and letter to W.   …
  • … S.  Dallas, 8 November [1867] . John Murray was the publisher of Variation. …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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