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To Charles Lyell   9 October [1866]

Summary

Comments on proofs [of Principles of geology, 10th ed. (1867–8)]: CL does not allude to the specialisation of classes.

Discusses CL’s argument from the absence of Cetacea in Secondary rocks;

finds his discussion of man "superfluous and too orthodox".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  9 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.320)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5236

Matches: 10 hits

  • … of Principles of geology , 10th ed. (1867–8)]: CL does not allude to the specialisation of …
  • … extent a change of the system’ ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 167–73). For CD’s differences with …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … reference to receiving proofs of C.  Lyell 1867–8 (see n.  2, below). Lyell’s note has not …
  • … first volume of the tenth edition of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ). The first …
  • … volume of C.  Lyell 1867–8  was advertised in Publishers’ Circular , 15 November 1866, …
  • … The reference is to chapter 13 of C.  Lyell 1867–8 , ‘Vicissitudes of climate, how far …
  • … 1: 268–304). Chapter 9 of C.  Lyell 1867–8 (1: 146–73), which dealt with the progressive …
  • … been entirely re-written (see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: iii). CD refers to Lyell’s argument …
  • … would be found in earlier strata ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 163). CD refers to the section ‘ …

To W. A. Knight   22 August [1867]

Summary

Will not attend the British Association meeting at Dundee.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Angus Knight
Date:  22 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  The Morgan Library and Museum, New York (Knight Collection MA 8601)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5614F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  A.  Knight   22 August [1867] …
  • … Knight Collection MA 8601) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Aug [1867] William Angus Knight …
  • … this letter and the letter from W.  A.  Knight, 20 August 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). …
  • … of Science held its annual meeting for 1867 in Dundee from 4 to 11 September ( Report of …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science  (1867): lxxiii). The remainder of the letter …

To Charles Lyell   1 December [1866]

Summary

Thanks CL for copy of his "grand book" [Principles of geology, 10th ed., vol. 1 (1867)]. Congratulates him on additions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.322)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5289

Matches: 5 hits

  • … book" [ Principles of geology , 10th ed. , vol. 1 (1867)]. Congratulates him on additions. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ) was published in November 1866 ( Publishers’ …
  • … appeared in the front matter of C.  Lyell 1867–8 . Lyell had made significant changes to …
  • … different geological periods ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 212–32). CD was preparing Variation …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   22 January [1866]

Summary

Discusses pigeon and poultry woodcuts [for Variation].

WBT’s poultry book is at last in the hands of a solvent publisher [The poultry book (1867)].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4983

Matches: 7 hits

  • … s poultry book is at last in the hands of a solvent publisher [ The poultry book (1867)]. …
  • … to change the references, as Tegetmeier 1867  is cited frequently in the chapter on fowls …
  • … date of the first part of Tegetmeier 1867 (see n.  11, below). Tegetmeier mistakenly dated …
  • … 1990. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding and …
  • … Johnson 1856–7 was superseded by Tegetmeier 1867 , published by George Routledge & Sons. …
  • … parts and new figures and plates. Twelve parts of Tegetmeier 1867  were issued in …
  • … 1866 and three in 1867. The unbound copies, heavily annotated by CD, are in the Darwin …

To Charles Lyell   12 October [1866]

Summary

More comments on proofs [of CL’s Principles of geology, 10th ed.]. Discusses permanence of continents and other points.

Refers to passage describing evaporation of snow in Journal [of researches, pp. 277–8].

Cites astronomers’ views on increasing length of day.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  12 Oct [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.321)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5239

Matches: 9 hits

  • … of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ). In addition to several minor alterations, …
  • … for a list of the revisions, see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: iii–v). CD had already commented on …
  • … first becoming liquid (see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 286–7). CD refers to George Biddell Airy, …
  • … London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … turn would cause the extinction ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 187–8). It is not clear to which …
  • … have been vastly different ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 253–5). For earlier arguments between …
  • … has not been identified, but see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 142–5 for Lyell’s discussion of the …
  • … rocks. The first volume of C.  Lyell 1867–8  was advertised in Publishers’ Circular , 15  …
  • … 543–4). In the printed version of C.  Lyell 1867–8 , Lyell included this reference to the …

From John Traherne Moggridge   15 February [1866]

Summary

Is sending Ophrys plants marked as CD requested as wild or under cultivation. Discusses arrangements for a scheme planned for 1867 and his method for marking his Ophrys specimens.

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  DAR Pamphlet collection G368 (bound in part of Moggridge 1865–8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5008A

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Discusses arrangements for a scheme planned for 1867 and his method for marking his Ophrys …
  • … is established by Moggridge’s reference to 1867 as ‘next year’. Moggridge refers to his …
  • … evidently returned to Mentone during the winter of 1866 to 1867 and wrote from Mentone …
  • … to CD on 6 March [1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). …
  • … That letter prompted CD’s note dated 9 March 1867: ‘Mr M now informs me that with natural …
  • … Specimens collected at Mentone in spring 1867 are also recorded in Moggridge 1869 (‘Ueber …
  • … of my friends to carry out the scheme in 1867. I have, as you suggest, selected & marked …

To Charles Lyell   [3 March 1866]

Summary

Has returned memorial to Chancellor of Exchequer; thanks CL for his note.

Lengthy remarks on cool period. Did not know of CL’s interest. New facts in new German and English [4th] editions of Origin will be too late for CL’s use. CD’s ten-year-old MS on cool period is available.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [3 Mar 1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.315)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5025

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 1865. ] Ibis n.s. 1: 276–98. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ) to include detailed discussion of former …
  • … 13 of the tenth edition, see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , p.  iv. CD refers to Bronn trans.  1863, …
  • … Principles of geology in November 1866 ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: vi). Lyell referred to the …
  • … fourth edition of Origin in C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 264, but not in connection with the …
  • … of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 319–40). CD’s manuscript and notes for …

From J. V. Carus   15 November 1866

Summary

JVC proposes to correct Bronn’s mistakes [in his translation of Origin], but will not add his own notes.

Asks CD to write a note on Nägeli’s pamphlet [Entstehung und Begriff] for the revised edition.

Also requests biographical information for an encyclopedia article he has been asked to write.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5279

Matches: 7 hits

  • … English edition (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867). He did not simply translate the revisions …
  • … Dachshund’ (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  45). On the translation of ‘terrier’, …
  • … 1863, p.  27, and Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  31. See Origin 3d ed. , p.  76, and …
  • … translation (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  98). Carus refers to the fourth edition …
  • … in Germany (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, pp.  36–7). Carus refers to Ernst Haeckel …
  • … no appendix to Bronn and Carus trans.  1867. There is no note on Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli’ …
  • … s revised translation (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867; see also letter to J.  V.  Carus, 10  …

From Charles Lyell   10 March 1866

Summary

Comments on cool-period MS. Still believes geographical changes principal cause of former changes of climate.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Mar 1866
Classmark:  K. M. Lyell ed. 1881, 2: 408–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5031

Matches: 4 hits

  • … coincided with long periods of equable temperatures ( C.   Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 299–300). …
  • … earth as a whole was cooler ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 247–8). Croll had recently estimated …
  • … 3 vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … 1866] and nn.  6 and 7). In C.  Lyell 1867–8 , Lyell considered the geographical causes of …

To Fritz Müller   [late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867

Summary

Thanks for observations on dimorphic plants. Dimorphism prevalent in certain groups throughout the world.

Retarded fertilisation in certain orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  31 Dec 1866 and 1 Jan 1867
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5331

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   [late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867
  • … Robert Darwin Down [late Dec 1866] 1 Jan 1867 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … very sincerely | Charles Darwin P.S.  Jan  1 1867 By some unaccountable delay I have only …

From Frederick Ransome   7 February 1866

Summary

Is compelled to ask for postponement of payment of principal. His invention is gaining ground. Will pay interest until payment is made.

Author:  Frederick Ransome
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1866
Classmark:  DAR 99: 26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5150

Matches: 3 hits

  • … directory 1866). The company did not go into full production until 1867 ( Engineering , …
  • … 28 June 1867, pp.  671–2). Henry Bessemer had invested in Ransome’ …
  • … s new steel works in East Greenwich, London ( Engineering , 28 June 1867, pp.  671–2). …

From E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung   23 March 1866

Summary

Describes plans for new German edition of Origin [1867].

Author:  E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Mar 1866
Classmark:  DAR 177: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5038

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Describes plans for new German edition of Origin [1867]. …
  • … edition of Origin (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867) was overseen by Julius Victor Carus (see …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   15 December [1866]

Summary

Thanks for information. Sclater was source of statement about Numida ptiloryncha [as origin of guinea-fowl] in The poultry book [pt 12 (Dec 1866): 288].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 178: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5309

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the domestic variety ( Tegetmeier 1867 , p.  288; see also Variation 1: 294). The name …
  • … Tegetmeier’s Poultry book ( Tegetmeier 1867 ) was issued in fifteen monthly instalments, …
  • … 1991–2013. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding …

To J. D. Hooker   30 June [1866]

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Summary

Has heard from B. J. Sulivan about the fossils at Gallegos, Patagonia. Would be a great haul for palaeontology if Duke of Somerset would encourage Capt. Mayne to collect them [on survey of Magellan Strait].

Tells JDH of a new map of world that he might use in his lecture [on "Insular floras", BAAS, 1866, J. Bot. Br. & Foreign 5 (1867): 23–31; Gard. Chron. (1867): 6, 27, 50, 75].

Impressed by H. Spencer’s last number, but each suggestion would require years of work to be of use to science.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 June [1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 292
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5135

Matches: 4 hits

  • … his lecture [on "Insular floras", BAAS, 1866, J. Bot. Br. & Foreign 5 (1867): 23–31; Gard. …
  • … Chron. (1867): 6, 27, 50, 75]. Impressed by H. Spencer’s last number, but each suggestion …
  • … s or other projection’ (J.  D.  Hooker 1867, p.  7). Hooker visited Down on 18 August ( …
  • … instalments to subscribers between 1863 and 1867; the most recent issue appeared in June  …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   12 December [1866]

Summary

Gives his opinion on the ancestry of domestic ducks, geese, and guinea-fowl.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  12 Dec [1866]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5301

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation 1: 287–8; see also Tegetmeier 1867 , p.  312). In Journal of researches , pp.   …
  • … 10 December [1866] ; see also Tegetmeier 1867 , p.  310). According to CD, Anser ferus ( …
  • … 1839. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding and …

From Charles John Robinson   [1866?]

Summary

Has a small living at Norton Canon.

Will visit Charles Whitley next week.

Author:  Charles John Robinson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1866?]
Classmark:  DAR 176: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4966

Matches: 4 hits

  • … few months’ before writing to CD in May 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15, letter from J.   …
  • … M.  Herbert, 3 May 1867). The dinner at the Deanery is likely to have taken place …
  • … of Hereford, Richard Dawes, in March 1867 (see DNB and Correspondence vol.  15, letter …
  • … from J.  M.  Herbert, 3 May 1867). Robinson refers to the Deanery at Hereford. Herbert, a …

From Charles Kingsley   12 July 1866

Summary

Asks for CD’s opinion of the manner of migration of the eye of flatfish.

Author:  Charles Kingsley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 July 1866
Classmark:  DAR 169: 34
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5154

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Malm, August Wilhelm. 1867. Bidrag till kännedom af Pleuronektoidernas …
  • … Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 7 (1867–8): (4th paper) 1–28. Origin 6th ed. : …
  • … Origin 6th ed. , pp.  186–8, citing Malm 1867 . He argued that, when young and still with …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1866]

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Summary

B. J. Sulivan offers fossil leaves from Eocene beds at Bournemouth to CD or JDH. Does JDH want them, or should they go to Oswald Heer?

Has written to Athenæum [see 5308] about publishers cutting pages of their books.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 310, 310b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5326

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 15, letter to Athenæum , 1 January 1867). …
  • … was published in the Athenæum , 5 January 1867, pp.  18–19 ( see Correspondence vol.   …

From Robert Monsey Rolfe   8 December 1866

Summary

Sending annual Down charities cheque.

Author:  Robert Monsey Rolfe, 1st Baron Cranworth of Cranworth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Dec 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 234
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5298

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Kingsleys visited Rolfe from 15 to 19 January 1867 and evidently saw CD on 16 January (see …
  • … Correspondence vol.  15, letter from R.  M.  Rolfe, 14 January 1867). …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 28 April 1866]

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Summary

Orchids.

Lyell has written to JDH about coal-plants of Melville Island.

Has glanced at first edition of Principles and has no doubt that Lyell meant the whole globe was cooler when land was massed at poles. JDH doubts this.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 28 Apr 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5076

Matches: 4 hits

  • … be as large a store of ice formed as geologists may require’ ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 288). …
  • … 3 vols. London: John Murray. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … nearly as far as the north pole ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 225; see also ibid. , pp.  89–90). …
  • … C.  Lyell 1853, 1: 104–10, and C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 266). For further discussion of …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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