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From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1865]

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Summary

Thomas Thomson has gone over Scott’s paper; encloses his conclusions. Not fit for publication in present form. His experiments should have been repeated to resolve his disagreement with Gärtner.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 13–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4782

Matches: 8 hits

  • … differently coloured varieties (see Scott  1867 , pp.  165–6, 171–2). CD discussed Scott’s …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …
  • … are to Thomas Thomson and to a draft of Scott 1867 . John Scott sent the manuscript and a …
  • … 12). There is an annotated copy of Scott 1867  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. The …
  • … fertility of the different unions’ ( Scott 1867 , tables 2–7, pp.  153–62), Scott counted …
  • … no indication in the published paper ( Scott 1867 ) that further experiments were made in …
  • … digest of Gärtner’s experiments (see Scott 1867 , p.  164). On the importance of Gärtner’s …

From Julius von Haast   27 September 1865

Summary

Expects to publish an account of his journeys soon.

Asks CD’s support for his Royal Society candidacy.

Goldfields he discovered are now being worked.

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Sept 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4900

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Collection–CUL. J.  F.  J.  von Haast 1867 . Haast had first requested a photograph of CD …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1867–1925. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: On …
  • … government. Haast, John Francis Julius von. 1867. Notes on the geology of the province of …
  • … of the Southern Alps. [Read 19 June 1867. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 16 (1867–8): 1). See also letter to Julius von …

From Charles Kingsley   14 June 1865

Summary

CD’s paper on "Climbing plants" [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 1–118] has made nature come alive for CK.

Author:  Charles Kingsley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 June 1865
Classmark:  DAR 169: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4861

Matches: 2 hits

  • … plants" [ J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 1–118] has made nature come alive for CK. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

From Roland Trimen   13 December 1865

Summary

Butterflies of Mauritius.

RT’s Bonatea paper published by Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 156–60].

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Dec 1865
Classmark:  DAR 178: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4951

Matches: 3 hits

  • … paper published by Linnean Society [ J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 156–60]. …
  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 156–60. Trimen, Roland. 1866. Notes on …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): tab. I. CD began to correspond with Trimen in …

To George Henslow   [2–5 November 1865]

Summary

Reports the results of an experiment to compare the weight of seeds produced in plants of [Medicago sativa] by self-pollination and by insect pollination.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henslow
Date:  [2–5 Nov 1865]
Classmark:  Journal of the Linnean Society (Botany) 9 (1867): 328 n.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4929F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 328 n. Charles Robert Darwin Down [2–5 …
  • … Read 16 November 1865. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 327–9. …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 June [1865]

Summary

Has lost time through illness.

Suggests an experiment to see whether the progeny of a pigeon cross are affected by a previous impregnation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 June [1865]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4848

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 24: 366–8. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding …
  • … Variation , CD was able to use Tegetmeier 1867  in all his references to poultry, …
  • … information from Hewitt and Ballance. Tegetmeier 1867  was originally published in …
  • … fifteen instalments in 1866 and 1867. CD’s unbound annotated parts are in the Darwin …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 May 1865]

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Summary

All overworked at Kew.

Burchell collections enormous.

Lyell has sent MS of Principles p. 111 on changes of temperature. JDH thinks Lyell blunders and is out of his depth.

Charmed with E. B. Tylor’s book on man [Early history of mankind (1865)],

disappointed in Lubbock’s [Prehistoric times (1865)].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 May 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 22–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4836

Matches: 4 hits

  • … not give birth to another child until 1867 ( Allan 1967 , ‘Hooker pedigree’). The Hookers’ …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … preparing the tenth edition ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ). Chapter 7 of the ninth edition became …
  • … 11 of the tenth edition (see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: iv). Hooker refers to Lyell’s argument …

To James Philip Mansel Weale   6 May [1865]

Summary

Sends advice on naturalist matters.

W. H. Harvey’s work [with Wilhelm Sonder, Flora capensis (1859–65)],

and Robert Brown’s publication ["On the organs and mode of fecundation in Orchideae and Asclepiadeae", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 16 (1833): 685–745].

Writes of having seen in S. America a Hymenopteran with tarsi covered with pollen-masses of Asclepias.

Interested in JPMW’s researches in South American caverns.

Mentions poor health.

Thanks for tracings.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Date:  6 May [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.308)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4828

Matches: 4 hits

  • … n.s. 5: 145–6. Weale, James Philip Mansel. 1867. Notes on the structure and fertilization …
  • … at Bedford, South Africa. [Read 7 March 1867. ] Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) …
  • … milkweeds) to the Linnean Society ( Weale 1867  and 1870a–d), and cited him several times …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Weale 1867  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. The …

From George Henslow   1 November 1865

Summary

Has made observations on pollination mechanism in Medicago sativa [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 327–9], which his brother-in-law [J. D. Hooker] would accept. Wants to check that CD has not already made them.

Also sends interpretation of Salvia.

His observations come from following CD’s generalisation in Origin [p. 79] on necessity of out-crossing.

Author:  George Henslow
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4928

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sativa [ J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 327–9], which his brother-in-law [J. D. …
  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 327–9. Jackson, Benjamin Daydon. 1928. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 327–9 and 355–8 ( G.  Henslow 1865  and 1866). …

From Joseph Dalton Hooker   1 January 1865

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Summary

Forwards H. T. Stainton letter for reply.

Finds many Cucurbita have tendrils with sticking ends.

The "potentiality of so many organs in plants to play so many parts is one of the most wonderful of your discoveries . . . one day it will itself play a prodigious part in the interpretation of both morphological and physiological facts".

Is disgusted with Sabine’s address [see 4708] because of its mutilation of what JDH wrote.

THH’s slashing leader in Reader ["Science and ""Church policy"" ", 4 (1864): 821] – as usual he destroys all in his path.

Encloses letter from G. H. K. Thwaites with a message for CD [see encl].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 1–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Directors’ Correspondence 162: 224
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4734

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Journal of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. …
  • … Hofmeister, Wilhelm Friedrich Benedict. 1867. Die Lehre von der Pflanzenzelle. Vol. 1, …
  • … Lehre von der Pflanzenzelle ( Hofmeister 1867 ), and Allgemeine Morphologie der Gewächse ( …
  • … Hofmeister 1868). CD’s copy of Hofmeister 1867  is in the Darwin Library–Down. CD had …
  • … on the subject (see, for example, Hooker 1867 and Hooker 1881 ). The Reader , a weekly …

From John Scott   21 July 1865

Summary

JS has now taken post of Curator of the Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta.

Wishes to vindicate himself of the charge that he pursued his experiments at Edinburgh to the detriment of his work.

Apologises for poor quality of his Verbascum paper, which was written from his notes during the passage to India [J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 36 (1865) pt 2: 145–74].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 109: B120a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4876

Matches: 4 hits

  • … History Review n.s. 4: 243–8. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations …
  • … 7. Scott published his results in Scott 1867 . For a discussion of the significance of the …
  • … CD and reported the preliminary results of his experiments early in 1867 (see letter from …
  • … John Scott, 22 January 1867 , Calendar no.  5376). In Forms of flowers , p.  335, CD …

From Fritz Müller   31 August 1865

Summary

Hopes CD has received his letter of 12 August.

Sends some new observations on climbing plants. [The observations are part of "Notes on some of the climbing-plants, near Desterro, in South Brazil", J. Linn. Soc. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9.]

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1865
Classmark:  Möller 1915–21, 2: 73–4.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4885A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … climbing-plants, near Desterro, in South Brazil", J. Linn. Soc. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 344–9. ] …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

To Fritz Müller   17 October [1865]

Summary

Is sending FM’s two letters on climbing plants as a paper to the Linnean Society ["Notes on some of the climbing plants near Desterro, in south Brazil", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9].

Adaptations for pollination in Catasetum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  17 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4916

Matches: 2 hits

  • … J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 344–9]. Adaptations for pollination in …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Collected papers : The collected papers …

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   27 February [1865]

Summary

Wants his fowl MS.

Will shortly return WBT’s skulls.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  27 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4776

Matches: 3 hits

  • … return the last of them until February 1867, retaining some so that they could be drawn as …
  • … W.  B. Tegetmeier, 9 July [1866] , and letters to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867] and …
  • … 5 March [1867] ( Calendar nos.  5347 and 5431)). In Variation 1: 260, CD wrote that nearly …

From John Scott   20 January 1865

Summary

Comments on his Primula paper [see 4213].

Describes his situation in Calcutta.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 177: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4751

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …
  • … to their colour affinities’. Scott published his results on Verbascum in Scott 1867 . …
  • … An annotated copy of Scott 1867  is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  CD cited some …

To Daniel Oliver   20 October [1865]

Summary

Sends Fritz Müller’s paper ["Notes on some of the climbing plants near Desterro, in S. Brazil", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 9 (1867): 344–9] to be refereed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  20 Oct [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 63 (EH 88206046)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4920

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in S. Brazil", J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot. ) 9 (1867): 344–9] to be refereed. …

From Lucy Caroline Wedgwood   [April–May 1865?]

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Summary

Observations for CD on oxlips, which she finds never grow near cowslips or primroses.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr–May 1865?]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 171–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4370

Matches: 2 hits

  • … these experiments, dated between 1862 and 1867, are in DAR 108 and DAR 157a. He published …
  • … June [1864] and n.  17, and letter to Charles Lyell, 9 June [1867] ( Calendar no.  5566)). …

From Frederick Ransome   6 March 1865

Summary

Requests a postponement of payment on a note for £100.

Author:  Frederick Ransome
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 99: 19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4780

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 28  June 1867, pp.  671–2). CD’s reply has not been found; however, an entry in CD’s …
  • … 6 July 1866). The company did not go into full-scale production until 1867 ( Engineering , …

To Fritz Müller   20 September [1865]

Summary

Thanks for interesting letter on climbing plants.

FM’s view on Anelasma seems probable.

Difficulty quoted by FM from A. Agassiz on embryology of Echinodermata is quite beyond CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  20 Sept [1865]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4895

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Columbia gazetteer of the world : The …
  • … B.  trigonus ) was published in Müller 1867; an English version appeared the next year ( …
  • … crabs that he had observed earlier (Müller 1867, pp.  344–5, and Müller 1868a, pp.  404–5; …

From T. H. Huxley   1 May 1865

Summary

Sends Catalogue [of the collection of fossils in the Museum of Practical Geology (1865)], most of which was written in pre-Darwinian epoch [i.e., 1857].

Hears magnum opus [Variation] completely developed, though not yet born.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 May 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 306
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4824

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Cohn, Ferdinand Julius. 1860. Ueber …
  • … II). Variation was not completed until 1867; it was published on 30 January 1868 (see …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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