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From William Bernhard Tegetmeier   1 February 1864

Summary

Would like his fowl skulls back.

Breeding experiments seem to show mongrels are just as fertile as pure breeds.

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Feb 1864
Classmark:  DAR 178: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4761

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Tegetmeier, 13 March 1865 . Tegetmeier mentioned his results in Tegetmeier 1867 , p.  224. …
  • … There is an unbound, annotated copy of Tegetmeier 1867 , published in ten …
  • … parts during 1866 and 1867, in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 800–3); part 10, …
  • … 1802–1967. Tegetmeier, William Bernhard. 1867. The poultry book: comprising the breeding …
  • … see letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867] ( Calendar no.  5347)). No record of a …
  • … not return all of them until February 1867, evidently retaining some so that they could be …
  • … as illustrations for Variation (see letters to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867], 2  …
  • … February [1867], and …
  • … 5 March [1867] ( Calendar nos.  5347, 5389, and 5431), and Variation 1: 265). The Gordon …

To J. D. Hooker   10 December [1864]

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Summary

Has found incipient stages of adhesive discs in Hanburia tendrils.

Huxley was probably right to have challenged Sabine, but the poor old man is sick.

CD remembers the old Disraeli novel [Tancred (1847)] that sneers at transmutation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Dec [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 256
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4712

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … Hofmeister, Wilhelm Friedrich Benedict. 1867. Die Lehre von der Pflanzenzelle. Vol. 1, …
  • … Lehre von der Pflazenzelle ( Hofmeister 1867 ) and Allgemeine Morphologie der Gewächse ( …
  • … 1868). CD’s annotated copy of Hofmeister 1867  is in the Darwin Library–Down. An English …
  • … subject (see, for example, J.  D.  Hooker 1867 and J.  D.  Hooker 1881 ). The reference is …

From John Scott   20 June [1864]

Summary

Preparations for trip to India. Thanks for testimonial.

Surprised by the self-fertility of CD’s peloric Antirrhinum.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4541

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and n.  9, and letter to John Scott, 20 May [1864] ). He published his results in 1867 ( …
  • … Scott 1867 ). CD summarised Scott’s experiments in Variation 2: 106–7. …
  • … London: John Murray. 1876. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …

To John Scott   9 February [1864]

Summary

Bentham so impressed with JS’s paper that he is invited to become Associate Member of Linnean Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  9 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B17–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4405

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the Linnean Society of London , 1866  and 1867). Scott was elected a fellow of the Linnean …
  • … next two associates elected, in 1866 and 1867, were Thomas Edward of Banff, Scotland, and …

From John Scott   19 March 1864

Summary

On fertilisation of Gongora.

His work on peloric Antirrhinum, Passiflora, and Verbascum, done at CD’s suggestion, is at CD’s disposal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4432

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1864d). Scott published on Verbascum in 1867 (see letter from John Scott, 20 June [1864] , …
  • … Correspondence vol.  13, letter from John Scott, 21 July 1865 , and Scott 1867 ). …
  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …

From John Scott   16 May [1864]

Summary

Thanks for communicating Oncidium sterility paper [see 4485] to Linnean Society.

Surprised that CD’s seedlings of non-dimorphic cowslip breed true.

Surprised also that the red primrose he sent reverts to wild form. He had reasoned from red’s infertility with yellow that it was an established variety. Tries to correlate inheritance of colour and sterility between varieties.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 May [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4498

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Scott later published his results in Scott 1867 . For a discussion of the significance of …
  • … of sterility in Verbascum crosses in Scott 1867 , pp.  164–72. See letter from John Scott, …
  • … Botany ) 10 (1869): 393–437. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   2 February [1864]

Summary

Returns WBT’s box of skulls. One or two skulls may be elsewhere, but CD does not have the strength to search for them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  2 Feb [1864]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5389

Matches: 2 hits

  • … for Variation and returned in January 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, letter to W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867]). Tegetmeier had given CD an update on some poultry- …

To John Scott   20 May [1864]

Summary

Corrects his former account of cowslips.

The delay in the publication of JS’s Primula paper.

Delights in JS’s experimentation on Verbascum which confirms [C. F.] Gärtner’s statements.

Should be pleased if JS would accept offer of help.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  20 May [1864]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4504G

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …
  • … s results supplied by CD ( Scott 1867 , p.  164). Scott had formulated a hypothesis …

To Asa Gray   29 October [1864]

Summary

Sends question [missing] for an ornithologist.

Is plodding on at Variation.

Has added to Climbing plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  29 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (88)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4647

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … 16, and letter to Ernst Haeckel, 21 May [1867] ( Calendar no.  5544)). CD had been taking …

To J. D. Hooker   [1 April 1864]

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Summary

Proposes to support John Scott in research on relative fertility and self-incompatibility of plants. CD would pay him for a year or two but wants JDH to give him research facilities at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 226a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4444

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1903. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …
  • … sterility in Verbascum was published in Scott 1867 (see letter from John Scott, 19 March  …

To John Scott   21 May [1864]

Summary

Encloses an extract from a letter received from [J. D.] Hooker which suggests a job opportunity in India. Advises careful reflection about the risks and the need for a character recommendation. Would like to support the costs of the voyage and initial living expenses.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 May [1864]
Classmark:  Transactions of the Hawick Archæological Society (1908): 67–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4505F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1865  and 21 July 1865 ). Scott’s Verbascum paper was eventually published as Scott 1867 . …
  • … Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90. Scott, John. 1867. On the reproductive functional relations of …

From Frederick Ransome   7 March 1864

Summary

Acknowledges cancelled bond and thanks CD for declining to accept interest. Suggests 4 Mar 1865 as date for payment of the bill CD holds.

Author:  Frederick Ransome
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 99: 24–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4421

Matches: 2 hits

  • … premises, but the company did not go into full-scale production until 1867 ( Engineering , …
  • … 28 June 1867, pp.  671–2). CD’s reply has not been found; however, see n.  2, above. For …

To J. D. Hooker   10 June [1864]

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Summary

CD has proved common oxlip to be a hybrid of cowslip and primrose.

Reviewing literature on climbing plants, CD finds he has much new material.

W. H. Harvey claims evidence of saltation in a dandelion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 June [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 238a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4525

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … on these experiments, dated between 1862 and 1867, are in DAR 157a: 75–7 and DAR 108. CD …

To J. D. Hooker   13 September [1864]

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Summary

Pleased that Bentham is cautious about Naudin’s view of reversion. CD can show experimentally that crossing of races and species tends to bring back ancient characters.

Suggests Gärtner’s Bastarderzeugung [1849] be translated

and that Oliver review Scott’s Primula paper [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 8 (1865): 78–126] for a future issue of Natural History Review.

Is working on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Sept [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 249a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4612

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … CD completed the manuscript of Variation in 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ (DAR 158)). See CD’s …

To Asa Gray   28 May [1864]

Summary

Is slowly writing Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

Thanks for [Charles?] Wright’s observations on orchids

– could he note what attracts insects to Begonia and Melastoma? H. Crüger, who was going to observe Melastomataceae, has died.

Describes the climbing habits of Bignonia capreolata and Eccremocarpus scaber.

How does AG know the perfect flowers of Voandzeia are quite sterile?

He has a case of dimorphism in holly; asks AG to report on American hollies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  28 May [1864]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4511

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Collected papers : The collected papers …
  • … Richard A. 1988. Charles Wright in Cuba 1856–1867. Alexandria, Virginia: Chadwyck-Healey. …

From William Robinson   19 November 1864

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Summary

Identifies a climbing plant that CD saw at the Society’s gardens.

Author:  William Robinson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1864
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4675

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

To J. D. Hooker   8 October [1864]

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Summary

Huxley has answered Kölliker in Natural History Review [(1864): 566–80].

CD is correcting two of Scott’s papers; is convinced primrose and cowslip are two good species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Oct [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 251
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4630

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
  • … 22 May [1863] . See also J.  D.  Hooker 1867 and L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 98–108. Daniel …

From J. D. Hooker   [23 November 1864]

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Summary

JDH’s "shock" that CD was awarded the Copley Medal.

Oliver, Thomson and JDH independently concur mature tendrils of Dicentra are foliar, though JDH remembers they were axial in the spring. Expects he and CD were fooled, but will have to look again next spring.

Praises CD’s Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

JDH completing F. Boott’s work on Carex [Illustrations of the genus Carex].

JDH now does suspect Mrs Boott is illegitimate daughter of Dr Erasmus Darwin [see 4389].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23 Nov 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 254–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4667

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Copland, James. 1866. A dictionary of …
  • … Carex (plural Carices ) was published in 1867 ( Boott 1858–67 ). In the preface, Hooker …

To J. D. Hooker   25 [June 1864]

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Summary

John Scott preparing to leave soon.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 239b, 240
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4544

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …

To Daniel Oliver   13 July [1864]

Summary

If CD understood Nepenthes, he would understand every class of climbers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  13 July [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 50 (EH 88206033)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4564

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 9 (1867): 1–118. Correspondence : The correspondence of …
Document type
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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