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From J. D. Hooker   20 March 1867

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Summary

Sends Naudin’s letter.

Pangenesis.

Benjamin Clarke is mad.

Interested in CD’s Ipomoea experiment.

Scott’s experiments are all in CD’s favour.

Clarifies a sentence in "Insular floras".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 147–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5449

Matches: 25 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 147–50 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … not the author of the article ‘Popularizing science’ (Anon.  1867; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  1). …
  • … In his letter of 17 March [1867] , CD commented that both he and his daughter Henrietta …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  10. CD had asked Hooker to obtain …
  • … plants. 2d edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Murray, Andrew. 1867. Dr. …
  • … insular floras. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1867): 152, 181–2. Williamson, M. 1984. Sir Joseph …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  4). For a review of the literature on …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  7. Hooker refers to Benjamin Clarke ( …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  18). Clarke, who had written a …
  • … zoological taxonomy (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  18). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and nn.  7 and 9. Hooker refers to John Scott. …
  • … experiments, see the letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867  and n.  4. See letter …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and nn.  2 and 4). Hooker sent Naudin’s …
  • … letter later (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 March 1867  and enclosure). …
  • … In his letter of 17 March [1867] , CD had asked Hooker for the correct terminology to …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  10. Hooker refers to Clethra ; C.  arborea is …
  • … in his letter to Hooker of 17 March [1867]. The note has not been found. Henry Barkly …
  • … Hooker’s letter to him, dated 18 February 1867, is in the Hooker deposit–CUL (Ms Add 9537; …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  10, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] , CD discussed Murray’s review in Gardeners’ Chronicle of J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker 1866a ( Murray 1867 ), and criticised Murray’s treatment of Charles Lyell. …
  • … and Hooker 1862–83); this part appeared in 1867. In Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, 1: 951, …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 January 1867]

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Summary

Responds to CD’s criticisms. JDH is sometimes confused as to what he has borrowed from CD.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Jan 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 131–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5358

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 January 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 131–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Jan 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  12. …
  • … CD’s annotations are notes for his letter to Hooker of 15 January [1867]. …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and …
  • … 15 January [1867]. …
  • … In 1867, the Saturday following 9 January was 12 January. Hooker refers to CD’s criticisms …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1866a; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]). See letter to J.   …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  8. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and nn.  9 and 10. Richard Owen and Samuel …
  • … to Variation (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  11). See letter …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9  January [1867] and n.  3. Hooker refers to Webb and Berthelot 1836–50; the …
  • … 1866 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  4. J.  D.  Hooker 1866a was …
  • … R.  Desmond 1999 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  7. See letter …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  5. Hooker is recalling his observations …

From J. D. Hooker   14 March 1867

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Summary

Has been persuaded to accept BAAS Presidency.

On Charles Naudin’s discovery of seeds of Chamaerops fertilised by the date-palm.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 145–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5441

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   14 March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 145–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 14 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the Linnean Society. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  2. …
  • … science’, that was critical of Louis Agassiz (Anon.  1867; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  2, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] ). Earlier, Hooker told CD he had declined the invitation to …
  • … for the Advancement of Science (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). CD had …
  • … universelle held from 1 April to 31 October 1867) as a juror for seeds and saplings …
  • … of forest trees ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.  348). …
  • … s annotation refers to a notice in the 16 March 1867 issue of Gardeners’ Chronicle , p.   …
  • … visited London from 13 to 21 February 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … second part appeared in 1865, the third in 1867. Hooker refers to Charles Victor Naudin. …

From J. D. Hooker   4 February 1867

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Summary

Has declined Presidency of BAAS.

Relation of insular and continental genera will always be difficult problem.

On Providence and the "continuity theory".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 138–142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5390

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   4 February 1867
  • … DAR 102: 138–142 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 4 Feb 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867]). CD’s annotation …
  • … was for his letter to Hooker of 8 February [1867]. …
  • … 34: 481–515. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] and n.  10. The author of ‘Popularizing …
  • … dangers’ of popularisation (Anon.  1867, p.  33); one danger cited was the temptation to …
  • … 12 January (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 January 1867] ). The reign of law ( G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell 1867 ) was written by George Douglas Campbell, duke of Argyll (see also …
  • … appeared in 1865, and the third in October 1867. Hooker had occasionally mentioned his …
  • … took account of some of CD’s criticisms offered in his letters of 9 January [1867], 15  …
  • … January [1867], 21  …
  • … January [1867], and …
  • … 29 January [1867]. Hooker had been concerned about the type-size that the Gardeners’ …
  • … and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.  6). Hooker did not mention Thapsia …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 15 January [1867], CD had suggested that most of the genera, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1867 . Hooker mentioned the laurels in his paper on …

From J. D. Hooker   13 April 1867

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Summary

Trail’s case is interesting, hopes it is true.

Has little faith in I. Anderson-Henry’s exactness.

Pleased with Paris exposition.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 161–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5501

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   13 April 1867
  • … DAR 102: 161–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 13 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … s baby in her letter to CD of [6 April 1867]. Hooker spent some time in Brittany with John …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 April [1867] and n.  3. The letter to Hooker from Isaac …
  • … Hooker, who went to live in Norwich in 1867 ( Allan 1967 , p.  224). The governess has not …
  • … Down; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . Frances Harriet Hooker mentioned the …
  • … to have the exhibits ready for the official opening on 1 April 1867, in articles on 1, …
  • … 3, and 4 April 1867. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  6. CD …
  • … mentioned his son Horace’s ill health in his letter to Hooker of 4 April [1867]. …
  • … Reginald Hawthorn Hooker, born in January 1867, had been ill, and Frances Harriet Hooker, …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 April 1867  and nn.  1 and 3. Hooker also refers to his …

From J. D. Hooker   23 March 1867

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Summary

More on Naudin’s hybrid; the wonder lessened slightly.

JDH’s view that insular plants [distantly] related to those of continents are common came to him only after the lecture was in print; has not yet thought it out fully.

Moroccan flora may throw some light on Madeira flora.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 151–3; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Directors’ Correspondence 143: 643)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5456

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   23 March 1867
  • … Correspondence 143: 643) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 23 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … weather’. In the issue for 2 March 1867 (pp.  210–11), several replies were published. …
  • … Horticultural Exhibition (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  6). …
  • … and letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867  and n.  3. Hooker refers to Charles Victor …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1867] and n.  4). CD was only interested in the …
  • … Paris, 9 March 1867— Dear Mr Hooker, I cannot tell you how happy your letter has made me. …
  • … See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  7. Carl Friedrich Phillip von …
  • … is a synonym of Trachycarpus fortunei. The winter of 1866 to 1867 was unusually cold. …
  • … in Gardeners’ Chronicle for 26 January 1867 (p.  73), readers were asked to record ‘the …
  • … Flora. Ever yrs | J D Hooker Paris, 9 Mars 1867— Cher Monsieur Hooker, Je ne saurais vous …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  3). Hooker evidently refers to the …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867 , n.  5. CD had questioned a statement in …
  • … those of the ‘mother’ continent (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.   …
  • … 10, and 21 March [1867] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 ). The Cupuliferae were an order that included the modern …
  • … no new version was ever printed (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 March [1867] and n.  3). …
  • … In his letter of 21 March [1867] , CD admitted he had been mistaken in supposing Asa Gray …
  • … to be the author of the article ‘Popularizing science’ (Anon.  1867; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  1). The French collector has not been identified. …

From J. D. Hooker   26 [and 27] March 1867

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Summary

Will be glad to have seeds of plants and CD’s climbing plant, which he has no doubt is Siphocampylus.

Anxious about his baby [Reginald Hooker].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 and 27 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 154–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5461

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   26 [and 27] March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 154–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 Mar 1867 27 …
  • … Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker, who had been born on 12 January 1867. Hooker previously told CD he was going to …
  • … March (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  6). William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … is established by the written date and the postscripts: in 1867, 27 March was a Wednesday. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 24 [March 1867], CD had reported receiving from Fritz Müller …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [March 1867] and n.  4. Hooker’ …

From J. D. Hooker   24 May 1867

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Summary

Does not share CD’s objection to continental extension, i.e., that it must be extended to every island in every ocean.

Sends paper on domesticated animals by Brian Hodgson [J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 16 (1847): 1003–26].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 165–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5548

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   24 May 1867
  • … DAR 102: 165–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 24 May 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker refers to 1 or 2 June 1867. He had told CD that he would be returning to Paris at …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 May 1867  and n.  2). The reference is to Henry Barkly. …
  • … See enclosure to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 May 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] and n.  5. Hooker refers to Variation. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] . Hooker and Brian Houghton Hodgson had met in …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [May 1867] and n.  2. Louis Agassiz emigrated from …

From J. D. Hooker   19 November 1867

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Will not be inclined to challenge Pangenesis.

Admits CD’s victory over JDH’s continental hypothesis (but will not give up Greenland).

Relation of variation to circumstances is shown by discovery of endemic St Helena umbellifer having same palm-like habit as an endemic Madeiran species.

Has completed Boott’s Carices [Illustrations of the genus Carex, pt 4 (1867)],

is printing W. H. Harvey’s work [Genera of South African plants, 2d ed. (1868)],

and is revising English edition of Alphonse de Candolle’s Laws of botanical nomenclature [trans. H. A. Weddell (1868)].

Arrangements at Kew. Gardener [John Smith] is very ill; Oliver reigns supreme in the Herbarium.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 182–4, DAR 47: 191
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5683

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 November 1867
  • … DAR 102: 182–4, DAR 47: 191 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 Nov 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … had recently been published ( Fouqué 1867 ). Hooker refers to the Genera plantarum ( …
  • … in Bentham 1883 . CD’s annotations are for his letter to Hooker of 25 November [1867]. …
  • … Illustrations of the genus Carex , pt 4 (1867)], is printing W. H. Harvey’s work [ Genera …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] . Charles Lyell. CD had asked Hooker’s …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] and n.  3). The humble Uriah Heep in Charles …
  • … 4.5 Oliver … advice.  9.3] ‘Nov.  19 th 1867— Laws of Variation’ added ink 5.1 I shall …  …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 March 1867 ). Wright later described several Seychelles …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 November [1867] and nn.  8 and 9. Friedrich Heinrich Karl …
  • … Friedrich Heinrich Karl, Baron de la Motte. 1867. Sintram and his companions. A northern …
  • … had been adopted at the international botanical congress held in Paris in August 1867 ( …
  • … Candolle 1867). The English translation, Laws of botanical …
  • … botanical congress held at Paris in August, 1867 , was published in 1868 by L.   Reeve & …
  • … n.  1. Hooker visited Down on 21 December 1867 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Leonard …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February  1867 ). The umbellifer endemic to St Helena is …

From J. D. Hooker   [20 September 1867]

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Summary

Would be delighted to see CD at Kew.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Sept 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5631

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [20 September 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 179 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [20 Sept 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867 ). Hooker refers to Eliot 1859 . CD evidently …
  • … Erasmus Alvey Darwin’s house (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 30 July [1867] and n.  3). …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [14 September 1867] , and by the dates of CD’s visit to London (see …
  • … 2, below). The Friday following 14 September 1867 was 20 September. According to CD’s ‘ …
  • … he was in London from 18 to 24 September 1867. Hooker’s mother, Maria Hooker, had suffered …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 September 1867]

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Summary

Is going to Norwich again on account of his mother’s health.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Sept 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5627

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [14 September 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 178 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [14 Sept 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Association at Dundee from 4 to 11 September 1867 ( Report of the thirty-seventh meeting …
  • … of Science meeting at Dundee, which ended on 11 September 1867 (see nn.  3 and 4, …
  • … below). The Saturday following 11 September 1867 was 14 September. CD had received several …
  • … Brazil (see letter to Fritz Müller, 15 August [1867] ). The following plants were recorded …
  • … being received from CD at Kew on 7 September 1867: Angræcum eburneum Cymbidium ensifolium …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867 ). Hooker refers to Frances Harriet Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   20 January 1867

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Summary

His view of CD’s hypothesis that Atlantic island genera are descended from extinct European plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 135–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5372

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 January 1867
  • … DAR 102: 135–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Jan 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] and n.  4. Hooker refers to the Histoire …
  • … 50). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] and n.  5. For CD’s query on this …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] . For Hooker’s discussion in the third …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] and n.  8. The governor of St Helena was …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] and n.  9. Hooker’s wife was Frances Harriet …
  • … son was Reginald Hawthorn Hooker (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 January [1867] ). …
  • … Heavy snowfalls in January 1867 destroyed many trees at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ( …

From J. D. Hooker   3 April 1867

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Summary

Begins to hope baby may survive; description of symptoms.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 157–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5483

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 April 1867
  • … DAR 102: 157–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker, who had been born on 12 January 1867, had been ill at the end of March (see …
  • … letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [and 27] March 1867  and …
  • … 31 March 1867 ). Francis Sibson. …
  • … In his letter of 31 March 1867 , Hooker wrote that his wife, Frances Harriet Hooker, was ‘ …

From J. D. Hooker   4 July 1867

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Summary

Has been too busy to write. Is leaving for Switzerland that evening.

A friend, who ran away from home as a boy, has two sons who have done the same several times. Is the case worth investigating for CD?

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 July 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 169–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5577

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   4 July 1867
  • … DAR 102: 169–70 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 4 July 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 15, Appendix II)). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 June 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [23 June 1867] . The reference is to John Smith, curator at the Royal Botanic …
  • … Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … DAR 242) of a visit from Hooker until December 1867. However, see the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [27 July 1867] , and the letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 29 July [1867] . Charles Lyell was working on the second volume of the tenth …
  • … to the origin of species’ ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 402–32). Hooker had read a paper on the …
  • … son and three daughters, all unmarried in 1867 ( Burke’s peerage ), but no persons of the …

From J. D. Hooker to Emma Darwin   11 December 1867

Summary

Would like to come to Down on 20th or 21st.

Woolner is unwell.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  11 Dec 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5724

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker to Emma Darwin   11 December 1867
  • … DAR 102: 185 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 11 Dec 1867 Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …
  • … Hooker visited Down on 21 December 1867 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … earlier expressed his wish to visit Down during early December 1867 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 ). See …
  • … letter from Thomas Woolner, 6 December 1867  and n.  1. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet …

From J. D. Hooker   30 July [1867]

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Summary

Plans to come to Down on Saturday.

Returned Adam Bede two years ago.

Wishes CD would return Tylor’s Early history of mankind

and his own Himalayan journal with his notes, "both of which I have lent, i.e., lost".

Lyell well and full of "Insular" difficulties which he will propound.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 July [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 172–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5588

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   30 July [1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 172–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 30 July [1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … between this letter and the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 July [1867] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 July [1867] and n.  2. Hooker had read Adam Bede ( Eliot 1859 ) by April  …
  • … of his Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 402–32); he referred to Hooker’s …
  • … recent article on insular floras (J.  D.  Hooker 1866a; see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 419). …
  • … Edinburgh: William Blackwood. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …

From J. D. Hooker   31 August 1867

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Summary

Has given up Scotland trip due to his mother’s illness.

Asks for Fritz Müller’s full name – "he can help us much".

Reports on self-impregnated Victoria and impregnation of Chatsworth plants. Difficult to get foreman [of gardens] to keep accurate register.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Aug 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5619

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   31 August 1867
  • … DAR 102: 176–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 31 Aug 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … held in Dundee from 4 to 11 September 1867 ( Report of the thirty-seventh meeting of the …
  • … for the Advancement of Science; held at Dundee in September 1867 , p.  lxxiii). …
  • … Maria Hooker, had moved to Norwich in 1867 ( Allan 1967 , p.  224). Frances Harriet …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] ). CD had received orchid specimens from …
  • … letter from J.  T.  Moggridge, 22 April [1867] ). He later sent several of the specimens …
  • … letter to J.  T.  Moggridge, 1 October [1867] ). The reference is to Victoria regia (now …

From J. D. Hooker   [27 July 1867]

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Summary

Back from Switzerland. Mrs Hooker much improved.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 102: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5586

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [27 July 1867] …
  • … DAR 102: 171 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [27 July 1867] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 July 1867 . …
  • … The Saturday before 3 August 1867 (see n.  3, below) was 27 July. Hooker had taken his …
  • … they had meant to return on Tuesday 23 July. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 July 1867 . …
  • … In 1867, 4 August was a Sunday. …

From J. D. Hooker   18 June 1867

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Summary

Has been reading [H. C. Fleeming Jenkin’s] review in North British Review. Would answer it if not so lazy.

Has read Mount Sorel [A. Marsh-Caldwell (1845)] and Disraeli’s life of Lord G. Bentinck [1852]. Bad science, bad literature, bad politics.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 June 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 167–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5570

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   18 June 1867
  • … DAR 102: 167–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 18 June 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Routledge. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [23 June 1867] ). Hooker was director of the Royal Botanic …
  • … in the North British Review ( [Jenkin] 1867 ). Hooker was probably guessing that the …
  • … the letter to Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] . Hooker refers to Anne Marsh-Caldwell’s …
  • … Frances Harriet Hooker did not visit (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [23 June 1867] ). …

From J. D. Hooker   31 March 1867

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Summary

Baby’s situation hopeless.

E. Perceval Wright on way to Seychelles for collecting.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 102: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5477

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   31 March 1867
  • … DAR 102: 156 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 31 Mar 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … convulsions (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [and 27] March 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [March 1867] ). Frances Harriet Hooker. …
  • … six months in the Seychelles Islands in 1867, and brought back a collection of plants and …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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