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To Laurence Edmondston   3 May [1856]

Summary

Thanks for reply to queries.

Requests that a wild rock-pigeon be sent. Have they been domesticated as William Macgillivray says [History of British birds (1837) 1: 275–84; see also Variation 1: 185n.]?

Is rabbit wild in Shetlands?

LE’s information on drifted trees adds an archipelago to his list.

Requests information on variation in domesticated Shetland animals;

bones of large quadrupeds in peat.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Laurence Edmondston
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  L. D. Edmondston (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1867

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1867

To Charles Henry Middleton   20 [1867?]

Summary

Sorry he cannot remember where S. Filippe [San Felipe?] is.

Doubts that bones of ox, sheep, and horse could have been deposited in guano [on coast of Chile], but they would be worth examination.

[Tipped in copy of Origin (1866) with CHM’s bookplate.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Henry Middleton
Date:  20 [Jan-Dec] 1867
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (in Middleton’s copy of Origin 4th ed., BB.5.6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5341

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Charles Henry Middleton   20 [1867? ] …
  • … in Middleton’s copy of Origin 4th ed. , BB.5.6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Jan [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Feb [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Mar [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Apr [1867? ] …
  • … 20 May [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Jun [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Jul [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Aug [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Sep [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Oct [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Nov [1867? ] …
  • … 20 Dec [1867? ] Charles Henry Middleton …
  • … which was published in November 1866; the year 1867 is on Middleton’s book plate, which is …

To Fritz Müller   2 November 1867

Summary

Variation to be published at end of month.

Dimorphism and self-sterility.

Seed dissemination in Adenanthera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  2 Nov 1867
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 19)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5666

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   2 November 1867
  • … MS 10 no 19) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Nov 1867 Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … s Genera plantarum , published on 12 October 1867 (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83; see also …
  • … vol.  14, letter to Fritz Müller, [late December 1866 and ] 1 January 1867 and n.  13, …
  • … and this volume, letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 ). …
  • … Down. | Bromley. | Kent. S.E. Nov 2. 1867 My dear Sir I rec d y r letter of July 17 two …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  5). The information on Müller’s …
  • … in the missing section of the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867 . Variation. …
  • … as forthcoming in the Athenaeum , 19 October 1867, p.  487. It was published in January  …
  • … On Müller’s address, see the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  5. Müller had …
  • … as dimorphic (see letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  3). The reference is to …
  • … unnamed species of Epidendrum. See letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  19. On …
  • … Brachyscelus diversicolor , see the letter from Fritz Müller, 17 July 1867  and n.  16. …
  • … See also letter from Fritz Müller, 1 April  1867 . …
  • … In his letter of 2 June 1867 , Müller noted that the rubiaceous plant that he had sent to …
  • … related dimorphic genus Borreria. See also letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . In …
  • … his letter to Müller of 15 August [1867], CD reported that his Borreria seeds had …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 2 June 1867 ). Müller had informed CD of dimorphism in …
  • … and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [March 1867] ). CD later reported that he …
  • … plants ( letter to Fritz Müller, 26 May [1867] ). CD reported the germination of hundreds …
  • … Müller, in his letter to Müller of 26 May [1867]. On CD’s earlier doubt about dimorphism …
  • … Müller, [late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867  and n.  8. Müller had found Eschscholzia …
  • … Brazilian orchids to be self-sterile (see letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and …
  • … 2  June 1867 ). CD had written to John Scott in India, enquiring …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 24 September 1867 ). On CD’s receipt of seed from Müller, and …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 24 September 1867 . CD refers to the third part of the first …

To B. D. Walsh   23 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for Agassiz’s Lectures. Lyell does not believe a word about glacial action of any kind in lowlands of Brazil. Agassiz’s view of glacial movement has been given up by physicists.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Date:  23 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago (Walsh 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5455

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To B.  D.  Walsh   23 March [1867] …
  • … History, Chicago (Walsh 9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Mar [1867] Benjamin Dann Walsh …
  • … causes of glacier movement, see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 1: 369–74. For CD’s earlier discussion …
  • … See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867] and n.  2. Variation was published in …
  • … Bibliography Agassiz, Louis. 1867. The geological formation of the valley of the Amazon. …
  • … read at the Cooper Institute, New York, 5, 11, 12, 18, 20, and 26 February 1867. ] …
  • … New York Herald Tribune , 6 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 12 February 1867, p. …
  • … Books, Shoe String Press. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … nn.  2 and 8, below). See letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867]. CD had received …
  • … first proof-sheets of Variation on 1 March 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … letter from B.  D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867]). CD refers to Louis Agassiz and the lecture …
  • … on glaciers in J.  L.  R.   Agassiz 1867 . See letter from B.   …
  • … D.  Walsh, [25 February 1867] and n.  4. Agassiz advanced the hypothesis that the Amazon …
  • … 5, 13 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 19 February 1867, p. …
  • … 8, 21 February 1867, p. …
  • … 5, 27 February 1867, p. 8. Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles Darwin. Edited …

To William Erasmus Darwin   27 [March 1867]

Summary

Thanks WED for a present.

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s Reign of law [1867].

Is busy revising proofs [of Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  27 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5466

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To William Erasmus Darwin   27 [March 1867] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 121 Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 [Mar 1867] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … the Duke of Argyll’s Reign of law [1867]. Is busy revising proofs [of Variation ]. …
  • … suffering periodic convulsions (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [and 27] March 1867 ). …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … letter from F.  H.  Hooker, [6 April 1867]). CD had received other queries and comments …
  • … of law , by George Douglas Campbell, duke of Argyll ( Campbell 1867 ; see letter from T.   …
  • … are, yet how submissive! How they reign, yet how they serve! CD read Campbell 1867  in …
  • … June 1867 (see letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 1 June [1867] and letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] ). CD began correcting the …
  • … proof-sheets of Variation at the beginning of March 1867 and finished …
  • … 15 November 1867 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, Appendix II)). According …
  • … returned to Down from school on 16 March 1867 with a fever, and began taking quinine on 1  …
  • … H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867], letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 , and letter from W.  H.   …
  • … K.  Gibbons, 7 February 1867). No letter from William on the subject has been found. …
  • … He wrote, for example ( Campbell 1867 , pp.  126–7): It is, indeed, the completeness of …

To J. D. Hooker   8 February [1867]

Summary

On the Duke of Argyll and a review of his Reign of law.

Asa Gray’s theological view of variation. God’s role in formation of organisms; JDH’s view of Providence.

Insular and continental genera.

Owen on continuity and ideal types

and on bones of Mauritius deer.

On man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 10–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5395

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 February [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 10–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Feb [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  4. George Douglas Campbell, the …
  • … occupied him from 1 March to 15 November 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … about Hensleigh Wedgwood’s health in his letter of 4 February 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  17. According to …
  • … Darwins were in London from 13 to 21 February 1867. Six Queen Anne Street was the home of …
  • … 1865 ) that he later used in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 (see Correspondence vols.  13 and 14). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  3). CD refers to William Buckland …
  • … been identified. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  12. Richard Owen told Hooker of deer bones …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  10). Owen and CD were not on good …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  11. Owen expressed his opposition …
  • … 32, 269–74. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … whether CD had read Campbell’s Reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). CD refers to Campbell’s review of Orchids in the Edinburgh …
  • … The anonymous review of G.  D.  Campbell 1867  appeared in the Spectator. A …
  • … literature, theology, and art , 5 January 1867, pp.  17–19. CD himself viewed rudimentary …
  • … on this topic, see the letter from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and nn.  15 and …
  • … 16, and the letters to William Turner, 15 January [1867] and …
  • … 1 February [1867] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February  1867  and n.  2. The last paragraph in Variation (2: 432) ended …
  • … and Alexander F.  Boardman (letter from A.  F.  Boardman, 26 January 1867 and enclosure). …
  • … In his letter of 4 February 1867 , Hooker discussed a statement he made in his lecture on …
  • … see A.  Desmond 1994–7 . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  8. …
  • … See letters to John Murray, 3 January [1867] , and …
  • … 8 January [1867] . The return of the manuscript to CD so that he could mark up sections to …
  • … letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). CD had sent the manuscript to the printers …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 6 February [1867] and n.  2). For CD’s collection of material …
  • … and letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] , n.  11. CD eventually used the material …

To A. R. Wallace   12 and 13 October [1867]

Summary

Response to ARW’s "Creation by law", especially the Angraecum sesquipedale and the predicted Madagascar moth.

ARW’s argument on beauty strikes CD as good.

Wishes ARW had made more clear the assumption of the reviewer [in North Br. Rev.] that each variation is a strongly marked one.

The Duke of Argyll’s argument on beauty is not candid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  12 and 13 Oct 1867
Classmark:  The British Library (Add 46434 f. 96)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5648

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To A.  R.  Wallace   12 and 13 October [1867] …
  • … The British Library (Add 46434 f. 96) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Oct [1867] 13 …
  • … Oct [1867] Alfred Russel Wallace …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … 1867c; see also letter to James Samuelson, 12 October [1867] , and letter from A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  4). In The …
  • … and Natural History 1 (1868–9): 73–89. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … of the paper appeared in the 12 October 1867 issue of Gardeners’ Chronicle (A.  R.   …
  • … to the letter from Wallace of 26 April [1867]. Frederick F.  Geach had sent answers to CD’ …
  • … see letter from F.  F.  Geach, June 1867). Wallace had provided CD with Geach’s address ( …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 2 March [1867] ). CD refers to Herbert Spencer Wallace ( …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  7). CD had commented on Herbert …
  • … see letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [ 1867] ). The last extant letter from Wallace …
  • … refers to George Warington, the Victoria Institute, and Warington 1867 (see also letter to …
  • … George Warington, 7 October [1867] and n.  2). The Victoria Institute was founded in 1865; …
  • … Press. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British …
  • … reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ), pp.  45–6, George Douglas Campbell, the duke of …
  • … letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 1 October [1867] and n.  5). See A.  R.  Wallace 1867c, p.   …
  • … see, for example, G.  D.   Campbell 1867 , pp.  242–8, and A.  R.  Wallace 1867c, pp.   …
  • … Charles Fleeming Jenkin. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  293–4, and Wallace 1867c, pp.  485–6. CD …
  • … 2: 416). CD refers to G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  128–80. Campbell had argued that a bird …
  • … could fly backwards ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  145–6). CD refers to ‘The disguises of …
  • … birds’ nests and their plumage’ on 9 September 1867 at the British Association meeting at …

To Carl Vogt   7 August [1867]

Summary

Thanks for CV’s Mémoire sur les microcéphales [1867]. Curious how CD and CV have come to similar conclusions about atavism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Carl Vogt
Date:  7 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (Ms fr. 2188, ff. 302–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5600

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Carl Vogt   7 August [1867] …
  • … de Genève (Ms fr. 2188, ff. 302–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Aug [1867] Carl Vogt …
  • … for CV’s Mémoire sur les microcéphales [1867]. Curious how CD and CV have come to similar …
  • … Quatrefages de Bréau, Jean Louis Armand de. 1867. [Review of Mémoire sur les microcéphales …
  • … London: John Murray. 1868. Vogt, Carl. 1867. Mémoire sur les microcéphales ou hommes- …
  • … to the laws of heredity ( C.  Vogt 1867 , pp.  187–200). …
  • … CD cited C.  Vogt 1867  in Descent 1: 57, 121. Vogt cited aphids because they seemed to …
  • … the causes were as yet not understood ( Vogt 1867 , pp.  191–3). In Variation 2: 47–61, CD …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Carl Vogt, 17 April 1867 . The references are …
  • … to C.  Vogt 1867 , Armand de Quatrefages, …
  • … and Quatrefages de Bréau 1867 , a review of Vogt’s work. CD’s annotated copies, bound …
  • … to send a copy of his work (see letter from Carl Vogt, 17 April 1867 ). CD refers to the …
  • … final chapter of C.  Vogt 1867 , on the origin or causes of microcephaly as these relate …

To Fritz Müller   25 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for facts on orchids.

Friedrich Hildebrand’s new book on fertilisation of plants [Die Geschlechten-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)].

CD correcting proofs of Variation.

FM likes Ernst Haeckel’s book [Generelle Morphologie (1866)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  25 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5458

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   25 March [1867] …
  • … 10 no 14) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Mar [1867] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … Geschlechten-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)]. CD correcting proofs of Variation . FM …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867 . Müller had described the movement of the …
  • … see letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867  and n.  11). Friedrich Hildebrand had sent …
  • … see letter to Friedrich Hildebrand, 20 March [1867] and nn.  2 and 4). Müller had given …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867  and nn.  2 and 4). Since Müller mentioned …
  • … and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] ). In a letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker of 24 [March 1867] , CD reported that Müller had sent seeds of a climbing …
  • … 1866 and seeds of Cordia in early February 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to …
  • … volume, letter to Fritz Müller, 7 February [1867] and n.  4). Many species of Cordia , a …
  • … the paper in his letter of 2 February 1867 , of which only an incomplete copy is extant. …
  • … his brother, Hermann Müller, of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that CD would send Hermann …
  • … see the letter from Hermann Müller, 23 March 1867 , n.  1. CD had begun correcting proof- …
  • … see letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 5 March [1867] and n.  2). Müller’s comments on Ernst …
  • … 1866 ) were evidently in a now missing part of his letter of 2 February 1867 . In his …
  • … letter to Hermann Müller of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that he thought Haeckel’s book …
  • … on Echites were evidently in a now missing part of his letter of 2 February 1867 . In his …
  • … letter to Hermann Müller of 11 February 1867, Müller wrote that the flower of an Echites …

To T. H. Huxley   7 January [1867]

Summary

Gives up plan to have Haeckel’s Generelle morphologie translated.

His big book [Variation] has gone to printer. Thinks of adding a chapter on man.

Will order Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)].

"Nature never made species mutually sterile [by selection]; nor will man.–"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  7 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5348

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   7 January [1867] …
  • … natural selection (see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] and n.  15). …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 233) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Jan [1867] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … order Duke of Argyll’s book [ Reign of law (1867)]. "Nature never made species mutually …
  • … 28 December): 1198–9. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander …
  • … from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867]. In his letter to Huxley of 22 December [ …
  • … For Huxley’s reply, see his letter of [before 7 January 1867] . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] and nn.  3 and 4. Ernst Haeckel told CD he would be …
  • … Campbell, the duke of Argyll’s Reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ) in his letter …
  • … of [before 7 January 1867] ). CD also refers to Mudie’s …
  • … library (see letter to Athenæum , 1 January 1867 and n.  2). CD is responding to Huxley’s …
  • … also letter from Ernst Haeckel, 12 May 1867 . Krohn Brothers & Co. , wine merchants, was …
  • … publication date, see also the letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 6 January [1867] and n.  3. …
  • … See letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5. For recent discussions of human …

To J. P. M. Weale   9 December [1867]

Summary

Has had no less than seven grasses germinate from locust dung sent by JPMW.

JPMW’s paper on Bonatea is being printed by Linnean Society. [See J. P. M. Weale, "Structure and fertilisation of the genus Bonatea", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 470–6.]

Refers to Lyell’s new edition of Principles [10th ed., 2 vols. (1867–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Philip Mansel Weale
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5714

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To J.  P.  M.  Weale   9 December [1867] …
  • … Collections (3314 1: 81) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1867] James Philip Mansel Weale …
  • … 1869): 470–6. ] Refers to Lyell’s new edition of Principles [10th ed. , 2 vols. (1867–8)]. …
  • … letter and the letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 , and by the reference to C.   …
  • … Lyell 1867–8 (see n.  4 below). A small packet of locust dung was enclosed with …
  • … the letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 . See …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1867] . This information was included in Origin 5th …
  • … Bibliography Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the …
  • … Collection–CUL. See letter to J.  P.  M.  Weale, 27 August [1867] . Weale communicated …
  • … the corrections in his letter of 7 July 1867 . …
  • … experiment in his letter to Charles Lyell, 31 October [1867] ; they were reported in C.   …
  • … Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 420–1. See letter from J.   …
  • … P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867 . See …
  • … letter to the Linnean Society, 9 December [1867] and nn.  2 and 4. …
  • … letter to the Linnean Society, 9 December [ 1867] . Weale had remarked on similarities in …
  • … see letter from J.  P.  M.  Weale, 7 July 1867  and n.  14). In his book on the separation …

To Charles Kingsley   10 June [1867]

Summary

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s book [Reign of law (1867)].

Cites his own views on diversity of structure and beauty.

Encloses letter from Wallace. Sexual selection: evidence advanced by Wallace.

Discusses correlation of growth.

Comments on article in the North British Review [by Fleeming Jenkin].

Discusses the evidence from physics on the age of the earth.

[Four pages of the final letter are missing, but the draft is complete.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  10 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.330) & DAR 96: 28–9, 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5567

Matches: 25 hits

  • … To Charles Kingsley   10 June [1867] …
  • … DAR 96: 28–9, 32 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 June [1867] Charles Kingsley …
  • … of Chicago Press. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander …
  • … the Duke of Argyll’s book [ Reign of law (1867)]. Cites his own views on diversity of …
  • … the letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 . CD refers to Frederick Wollaston Hutton …
  • … and to Hutton 1861 ; see letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867  and n.  1. CD …
  • … refers to G.  D.  Campbell 1867  and [ …
  • … Jenkin] 1867 ; see letter from …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 . The letter is in Emma Darwin’s hand, except for the last …
  • … about human action in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  314–16. Campbell discussed rudimentary …
  • … homology of structure in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  204–16. He argued that rudimentary …
  • … discussed humming-birds in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  233–52, and CD’s work on orchids …
  • … 2). Origin 4th ed. CD probably sent the letter from A.  R.  Wallace, 26 April [1867] . See …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 6  June 1867  and n.  5. For more on correlated variation, …
  • … are discussed in ibid. , pp.  294–5. See letters from A.  R.  Wallace, 26 April [1867] and …
  • … 1 May 1867 . For CD’s ongoing work on …
  • … see, for example, the letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] , and the letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] . On the wing-bars of pigeons and ocellated spots on …
  • … 8. [Jenkin, Henry Charles Fleeming. ] 1867. The origin of species. North British Review …
  • … theory of correlation of growth in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , pp.  256–62. He suggested that …
  • … with a view to Purpose’ ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 , p.  260). CD refers to Robert Bakewell, …
  • … see Trow-Smith 1959 ). See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.   280–6. Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin had …
  • … Lyell’s letter has not been found. See [Jenkin] 1867 , p.  294, and Origin 4th ed. , …
  • … pp.  359–60. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  305–13, where Jenkin argued that the difficulty in …
  • … System’ of classification. See [Jenkin] 1867 , pp.  288–92. In Origin 4th ed. , p.  47, CD …

To Fritz Müller   22 April [1867]

Summary

Self-sterility in orchids.

Growth differences in plants raised from self- and cross-fertilised seed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  22 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 15)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5509

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To Fritz Müller   22 April [1867] …
  • … 10 no 15) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Apr [1867] Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller …
  • … in Williamson 1984 . Müller thanked CD for the paper in his letter of 17 July 1867 . …
  • … and the letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . CD told Müller in his letter of [before …
  • … Müller mentioned that the copies had not arrived in his letter of 4 March 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . Müller had written that Oncidium flexuosum was …
  • … regarding Brazilian plants ( letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 ). Hooker had planned …
  • … to visit CD from 20 to 22 April 1867 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 ). CD refers to a privately printed version of Hooker’s article …
  • … late December 1866 and] 1 January 1867 ). CD reported Müller’s findings in Variation …
  • … 2: 134. In his letter of 4 March 1867 , Müller listed some orchids whose pollen and stigma …
  • … Müller, 1 December 1866 , and this volume, letters from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and …
  • … 2 February 1867 . …
  • … In his letter of 4 March 1867 , Müller recorded the production of seeds in Epidendrum …
  • … results in Variation 2: 134. See letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] and n.  8. …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [March 1867] , CD mentioned that Müller had sent him seeds of a dimorphic …
  • … for them in his letter of 25 March [1867] . Bates 1863 . Müller had expressed surprise …

To Charles Kingsley   6 November [1867]

Summary

He had no idea that the double function of an excretory passage had played a part in the history of religion.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Kingsley
Date:  6 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Quentin Keynes collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5670F

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To Charles Kingsley   6 November [1867] …
  • … of London (Quentin Keynes collection) Charles Robert Darwin 6 Nov [1867] Charles Kingsley …
  • … Descent 1: 207–11). See also letter from W.  D.  Fox, 1 February [1867], n.  11. The Reign …
  • … of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ) was critical of CD’s theory; see …
  • … the letter from Charles Kingsley, 6 June 1867 , and the letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 10 June [1867] . No review of G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell 1867  by Kingsley has been found. …
  • … Bibliography Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 . In the …
  • … enclosure to the letter of 1 November 1867 , Kingsley claimed that sex had long been held …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867  and n.  3. Kingsley regarded the genito- …
  • … from Charles Kingsley, 1 November 1867 ). CD had long speculated on the hermaphroditic …

To Charles Lyell   7 December [1867]

Summary

Discusses transport of frog spawn and young molluscs by birds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.337)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5708

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   7 December [1867] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.337) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Dec [1867] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … there is no reference in C.  Lyell 1867–8  to CD’s example from Heligoland. CD …
  • … London from 28 November until 7 December 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … Institute , which was first published in 1867, and by the information provided to Lyell …
  • … tenth edition of Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ; see n.  3, below), which was …
  • … published in 1868. CD probably refers to Warington 1867 (see letter to …
  • … George Warington, 7 October [1867] and n.  2, and letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.  20). Lyell quoted CD’s observation that …
  • … waterfowl, in Principles of geology (see C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 372–7, 399). However, …
  • … Edinburgh: David Douglas. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … not adhere to the feet of birds in C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 413. CD had confirmed an earlier …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1867]

Summary

The date-palm seed case is important for Pangenesis.

Reports experiments on pollination of Ipomoea.

"Insular floras": A. Murray’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle is poor.

John Scott’s work on acclimatisation of plants.

The anomaly of the Azores flora on the migration theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13a–e
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5445

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 13a–e Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . CD’s reply to Clarke’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867 . CD refers to seeds that had recently been …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  5). In Variation 1: 397–403, CD …
  • … The geographical distribution of mammals. London: Day and Son. Murray, Andrew. 1867. Dr. …
  • … on insular floras. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1867): 152, 181–2. Variation : The variation of …
  • … 1866 and Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867  and nn.  1 and 2). …
  • … See letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . See enclosure …
  • … turning down the invitation (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and …
  • … 14 March 1867 ). CD had received …
  • … first proof-sheets of Variation on 1 March 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … plants of Ipomoea purpurea , dated between 1 and 10 March 1867, are in DAR 78: 77. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 January [1867], CD had pointed out the apparent misprint …
  • … appeared in two parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle (16 and 23 February 1867, pp.  152, 181– …
  • … 2; A.  Murray 1867 ). Murray cited the case of a species of beetle of the family Carabus ( …
  • … width of the Atlantic ocean ( A.  Murray 1867 , p.  152). CD refers to Murray’s recently …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1864] ). See letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867 . CD’s …
  • … response to Scott’s letter of 22 January 1867  has not been found. CD refers to Benjamin …

To J. D. Hooker   [12] May [1867]

Summary

Sends Fritz Müller’s address; has sent him Insular floras [pamphlet].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12] May [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5532

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [12] May [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 25 Charles Robert Darwin Down [12] May [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from Brazil to Kew; see letter to Fritz Müller, 22 April [1867] . J.  D.  Hooker 1866a. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . Emma Darwin forged the signature after …
  • … In 1867, 12 May was a Sunday. Hooker had booked a room in Paris for …
  • … was attending the Paris exhibition as a juror ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.   …
  • … 348); in his letter of 13 April 1867 , by which time he had returned temporarily to Kew, …
  • … it to CD’s sons. CD wrote on 15 [April 1867] that some of them would be ‘hugely tempted’; …
  • … see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . There is no record in Emma Darwin’s …
  • … the children going to Paris in April or May 1867. George Howard Darwin visited the Paris …
  • … June (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [3 June 1867] and n.  7. ‘Fash’: trouble or bother ( …
  • … May; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] . Hooker may have wanted Fritz Müller’s …

To George Warington   7 October [1867]

Summary

Admires his paper ["On the credibility of Darwinism", J. Trans. Victoria Inst. 2 (1867): 39–62, and discussion 63–125].

Ridicules William H. Ince and Admiral FitzRoy on their naive ideas about Noah’s ark.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Warington
Date:  7 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  Royal College of Physicians of London (MS1001/95)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5642

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To George Warington   7 October [1867] …
  • … Physicians of London (MS1001/95) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Oct [1867] George Warington …
  • … of Darwinism", J. Trans. Victoria Inst. 2 (1867): 39–62, and discussion 63–125]. Ridicules …
  • … and appendix. London: Henry Colburn. 1839. Warington, George. 1867. On the credibility of …
  • … Darwinism. [Read 4 March 1867. ] Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2: …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Warington 1867 (see n.  2, below). …
  • … On the credibility of Darwinism’, read on 4 March 1867 and published in the Journal of …
  • … of the Victoria Institute ( Warington 1867 ); CD’s annotated copy is in the Darwin …
  • … Victoria Institute, see the letter to A.  R.  Wallace, 12 and 13 October [1867] and n.   …
  • … 20. In Warington 1867 , p.  62, the chairman of the meeting is reported as having …
  • … of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 2 (1867): 95). CD probably refers to Robert …
  • … s statement, ‘the present paper makes no claim to originality’ ( Warington 1867 , p.  61). …
  • … See Warington 1867 , pp.  46–7. The descriptions of these cases are scored in CD’s copy. …

To Herbert Spencer   9 December [1867]

Summary

Thanks for copy of HS’s First principles [? 2d ed. (1867)].

Comments on HS’s Principles of biology [1864, 1867].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Herbert Spencer
Date:  9 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 485a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5717

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To Herbert Spencer   9 December [1867] …
  • … DAR 147: 485a Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Dec [1867] Herbert Spencer …
  • … Thanks for copy of HS’s First principles [? 2d ed. (1867)]. Comments …
  • … on HS’s Principles of biology [1864, 1867]. …
  • … London: Williams & Norgate. Spencer, Herbert. 1867. First principles. 2d edition. London: …
  • … he was absent from London in the summer of 1867 owing to the death of his mother, and …
  • … made a tour of England in the autumn of 1867 ( Spencer 1904 , 2: 145–62). CD refers to …
  • … completing the index of Variation. See also letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 8 December 1867 . …
  • … edition of First principles ( Spencer 1867 ); there is a copy in the Darwin Library–Down. …

To F. Du C. Godman   23 December [1867]

Summary

Will be pleased to receive FCG’s paper. Already has that of [G. R.] Crotch. Encourages further independent work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederick Du Cane Godman
Date:  23 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  Joseph R. Sakmyster, ADS Autographs (dealer)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5738F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To F.  Du C.  Godman   23 December [1867] …
  • … ADS Autographs (dealer) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Dec [1867] Frederick Du Cane Godman …
  • … Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  5. See letter from …
  • … F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  8. …
  • … Bibliography Crotch, George Robert. 1867. On the Coleoptera of …
  • … the Azores. [Read 28 March 1867. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1867): 359–91. Godman, Frederick Du Cane. 1866. Notes …
  • … letter from F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867]. CD refers to Godman 1866 . See letter …
  • … from F.  Du C.  Godman, 21 December [1867] and n.  3. Godman 1866  was published in Ibis , …
  • … Union, of which Godman was a founder member. Crotch 1867 . See letter from F.   …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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