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From J. V. Carus   15 April 1867

Summary

Asks CD to decide which translator he would prefer for Variation. JVC frankly thinks Carl Vogt not the best man to introduce CD to the German public, though he has a greater name than JVC.

Vogt now preaches materialism in its most absurd form.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 59
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5503

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   15 April 1867
  • … DAR 161: 59 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 15 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … given in various European countries between 1867 and 1869, see W.  Vogt 1896 , pp.  177– …
  • … Haeckel 1866 ); see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 5 April 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 11 April [1867] . …
  • … Leipzig, Apr.  15 th . 1867 My dear Sir, Many thanks for your kind letter which I received …
  • … Carus refers to CD’s letter to him of 11 April [1867]. CD had planned …
  • … to publish the two volumes of Variation in November 1867 (see letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 11 April [1867] ). It was eventually published on 30 January 1868 (CD’s ‘ …
  • … to translate Variation (see letter from Carl Vogt, 8 April 1867 ), and CD had written …
  • … to him on 12 April [1867], suggesting that if Carus was too busy to make the translation, …

From J. V. Carus   11 November 1867

Summary

Is not writing prospectus [of Variation] – merely sketch of contents and tenor of first volume for advertisement to booksellers.

Questions on details for the translation.

Publisher anxious to get volume out.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5676

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   11 November 1867
  • … DAR 161: 65 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 11 Nov 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  V.  Carus, 4 November [1867] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to J.  V.  Carus, 4 November [1867] and n.  2. Notes 73 and 74 in Variation 1: 325 refer …
  • … left the name ‘Gean’ untranslated. In autumn 1867, Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart was …
  • … the publication of Variation appeared in the Publishers’ Circular , 1 October 1867, p.   …
  • … 566, and the Athenaeum , 19 October 1867, p.  487. …
  • … Leipzig Nov.  11 th . | 1867 My dear Sir, I should be very sorry if you should think that …

From J. V. Carus   7 October 1867

Summary

Some sheets of Variation have gone astray.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5643

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   7 October 1867
  • … DAR 161: 62 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 7 Oct 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 5 October 1867  and n.  6). Post from Down would have been …
  • … the six home counties 1866). See also letter from J.  V.  Carus, 5 October 1867 , n.  6. …

From J. V. Carus   5 October 1867

Summary

Asks CD’s help in translating names and descriptions of fowls [in Variation].

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Oct 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 61
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5641

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   5 October 1867
  • … DAR 161: 61 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 5 Oct 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Leipzig, Oct 5 th . 1867 My dear Sir, I am sorry I pother you again, but I cannot help it. …
  • … CD in his letter to CD of 11 September 1867; the German publisher, Christian Friedrich …
  • … letter from John Murray, 23 September [1867] ). Carus refers to Gottlob Neumeister’s book …
  • … 1837 ), which CD had recently sent him (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 16 September 1867 ). …

From J. V. Carus   30 October 1867

Summary

Asks CD for exact title of Variation for German advertisement.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  30 Oct 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5658

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   30 October 1867
  • … DAR 161: 64 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 30 Oct 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  V.  Carus, 16 October 1867 ). Carus was professor extraordinarius of …
  • … 39, Elsterstrasse | Leipzig, Oct.  30. 1867 My dear Sir, Mr Schweizerbart wishes to …

From J. V. Carus   11 September 1867

Summary

JVC is having difficulty in translating the names of dogs [in Variation]. Also asks CD for help with names of pigeons.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Sept 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 60
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5625

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   11 September 1867
  • … DAR 161: 60 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 11 Sept 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … C.  H.  Smith 1839–40 (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 16 September 1867 , and n.  8, above). …
  • … 39, Elsterstrasse, | Leipzig, Septbr.  11 th . 1867 My dear Sir, You had kindly ordered Mr …
  • … informed Carus he expected Variation to be published in November 1867 (see letter to J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 11 April [1867] ). In the only extant letter to Carus between 11 April and 11  …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Carus would probably have used the last …

From J. V. Carus   16 October 1867

Summary

Anxious to read the second volume [of Variation].

Appreciates "the way in which you [CD] teach us all how to look on, and how to study, nature".

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Oct 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5650

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   16 October 1867
  • … DAR 161: 63 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 16 Oct 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … his reply to Carus (see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 19 October [1867] and nn.  5 and 6). …
  • … 39, Elsterstrasse, | Leipzig. Oct.  16. 1867 My dear Sir, On page 308 you mention the “ …
  • … see letter to J.  V.  Carus, 10 October [1867] and n.  2). CD’s annotation is a note for …

From J. V. Carus   5 April 1867

Summary

JVC is willing to translate [Variation], especially because of his conviction that progress of biology depends on proving CD’s theory.

Ernst Haeckel’s book [Generelle Morphologie (1866)] will do mischief because EH is so immoderate. Suggests CD tell EH that he has done him a bad service. CD is the only one to whom EH would listen.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 58
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5489

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   5 April 1867
  • … DAR 161: 58 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 5 Apr 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Leipzig, April 5 th . 1867 My dear Sir, You will have heard from Schweizerbart that I am …
  • … letter from E.  Schweizerbart, 22 March 1867). Carus and Adolph Gerstaecker’s Handbuch der …
  • … s initial opinions, see the letter from T.  H.  Huxley, [before 7 January 1867] and n.  3, …
  • … and the letter to Ernst Haeckel, 8 January 1867 . Carl Gegenbaur. Immanuel Kant. For Kant’ …

From J. V. Carus   11 February 1867

Summary

Sends CD an English translation of his preface to the revised German edition of Origin and asks his opinion of it.

Asks CD where he might get a specimen of Eozoon.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 55, 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5397

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  V.  Carus   11 February 1867
  • … DAR 161: 55, 57 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 11 Feb 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Herausgebers’), see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, pp.  v–vi. See enclosure. The first two …
  • … the publishing firm in Stuttgart) of 24 January 1867, Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart …
  • … 39, Elstertrasse, Leipzig. Feb ry 11. 1867 My dear Sir, I hereby send you the preface ( …
  • … see n.  3, above. Bronn and Carus trans.  1867 was not published in parts. In 1864, John …

From Julius Victor Carus   18 January 1867

Summary

Asks CD questions relating to the revised translation of Origin.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Jan 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5370

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Julius Victor Carus   18 January 1867
  • … DAR 161: 56 Julius Victor Carus Leipzig 18 Jan 1867 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … me | My dear Sir | Ever yours sincerely | J.  Victor Carus Leipzig, Jan.  18. | 1867
  • … fourth English edition (Bronn and Carus 1867; see Correspondence vol.  14). Two earlier …

From J. V. Carus   15 November 1866

Summary

JVC proposes to correct Bronn’s mistakes [in his translation of Origin], but will not add his own notes.

Asks CD to write a note on Nägeli’s pamphlet [Entstehung und Begriff] for the revised edition.

Also requests biographical information for an encyclopedia article he has been asked to write.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov 1866
Classmark:  DAR 161: 54
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5279

Matches: 7 hits

  • … English edition (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867). He did not simply translate the revisions …
  • … Dachshund’ (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  45). On the translation of ‘terrier’, …
  • … 1863, p.  27, and Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  31. See Origin 3d ed. , p.  76, and …
  • … translation (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, p.  98). Carus refers to the fourth edition …
  • … in Germany (see Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, pp.  36–7). Carus refers to Ernst Haeckel …
  • … no appendix to Bronn and Carus trans.  1867. There is no note on Carl Wilhelm von Nägeli’ …
  • … s revised translation (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867; see also letter to J.  V.  Carus, 10  …

From J. V. Carus   22 January 1869

thumbnail

Summary

On development of horns in merino sheep. Encloses reports from herdsmen he has approached.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Jan 1869
Classmark:  DAR 86: A43–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6569

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Sison, Robert. 1867. Lohmen. Königliche Merino Stammschäferei …
  • … Stammschäferei Sachsens v.  1765’ ( Sison 1867 ) is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. …
  • … first volume had been printed in December 1867, the second did not appear until July 1868. …

From J. V. Carus   22 March 1877

Summary

A curious error – too late to change: in Cross and self-fertilisation CD has "cleistogenous" for "cleistogamous" flowers throughout.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1877
Classmark:  DAR 161: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10909

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1876. Kuhn, Max. 1867. Einige Bemerkungen über Vandellia und …
  • … and quote Kuhn’s paper in the Botan. Zeitung 1867, p 65. But here Kuhn as well as later …
  • … and polymorphism in flowers; Kuhn 1867 , p. 66) as the source of the term, although Kuhn …

From J. V. Carus   20 November 1875

Summary

Queries concerned with his translation of Insectivorous plants, which has been delayed by illness but is now two-thirds done.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1875
Classmark:  DAR 161: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10266

Matches: 2 hits

  • … John Murray. 1875. Schiff, Moritz. 1867. Leçons sur la physiologie de la digestion, faites …
  • … plants (Carus trans. 1876a). Schiff 1867 was published in 2 volumes. Adolf Wilhelm Hermann …

From J. V. Carus   14 August 1868

Summary

Asks whether it would be convenient if he came to Down. JVC would be sorry to leave England without seeing and thanking CD.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Aug 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 68
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6315

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Advancement of Science , p.  lvii). During 1867 and early 1868, Carus had been working on …
  • … and Variation (Bronn and Carus trans.  1867, Carus trans.  1868; see Correspondence vol.   …

From J. V. Carus   20 November 1871

thumbnail

Summary

Horns of castrated merino rams remain almost undeveloped.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov 1871
Classmark:  DAR 88: 117–118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8077

Matches: 2 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1874. Sison, Robert. 1867. Lohmen. Königliche Merino Stammschäferei …
  • … in 1765 and 1775 from Spain ( Sison 1867 ). See also Correspondence vol.  17, letter from …

From J. V. Carus   17 February 1871

Summary

The pages [of Descent] CD wishes to correct are not yet printed.

JVC’s work on the translation has been interrupted by illness.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Feb 1871
Classmark:  DAR 161: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7485

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  15, letter from J.  V.  Carus, 11 September 1867 ). …

From J. V. Carus   3 June 1869

Summary

Will use new English edition [5th, of Origin] in preparing for [4th] German edition. Bronn’s translation of Origin in the title as "Entstehung" is not so precise as "Ursprung" would be. The publisher does not object to changing the title, but JVC is doubtful, because the Origin is so well known in Germany as Entstehung. Asks CD’s opinion.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 71
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6774

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Carus refers to Bronn and Carus trans.  1867. The publisher was Eduard Koch of E.   …

From J. V. Carus   2 February 1869

Summary

Sends translation of Mr Steiger’s letter responding to question CD had asked about growth of horns of merino rams.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 86: A45; DAR 161: 69
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6592

Matches: 2 hits

  • … sche Verlagsbuchhandlung. Sison, Robert. 1867. Lohmen. Königliche Merino Stammschäferei …
  • … the observations on merino sheep in Sison 1867 (see letter from J.  V.  Carus, 22 January  …

From J. V. Carus   20 October 1869

Summary

Koch [of Schweizerbart’s, publisher of German translations of CD’s works] has inquired when CD’s new book on man will be out. JVC assures CD that the book should be translated into German, and offers his services.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Oct 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 72
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6947

Matches: 1 hit

  • … the letter to Eduard Koch, 13 December [1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). Although Carus …
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Carus, J. V.[X]
Addressee
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Date
1866 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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