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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To John Murray   20 September 1867

Summary

Thanks for "pleasant remittance" of £250 for 4th edition of Origin.

Glad to see that Orchids sells a little.

Hopes Variation will be more successful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Sept 1867
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 173)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5632

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 September 1867
  • … V.   Carus, 16 September 1867 ). See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  4. …
  • … Ms.42152 f. 173) Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 20 Sept 1867 John Murray …
  • … 6 Queen Anne St | W. Sept 20 th 1867 My dear Sir I acknowledge receipt & thank you for the …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] and n.  2. An …
  • … account (Down House MS) for 20 September 1867 records a payment of £12 for presentation …
  • … to letter from John Murray, 19 September [1867] ). CD refers to Variation ; he had almost …
  • … and planned to begin working on the second proofs on 1 October 1867 (see letter to J.   …

To John Murray   15 January [1867]

Summary

Approves of type [for Variation]. Pleased to hear from Hooker that he is not surprised that MS is big.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  15 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5363

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To John Murray   15 January [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 161) Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … John Murray, 2 January [ 1867] . Joseph Dalton Hooker had reassured CD …
  • … about the size of Variation in his letter of [12 January 1867] . …
  • … Bibliography Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern changes of the …
  • … portions of the manuscript of Variation (see letters to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and …
  • … 10 January [1867] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). No letter from Murray or Clowes including a sample of the …
  • … edition of Charles Lyell’s Principles of geology ( C.  Lyell 1867–8 ); see letter from …

To John Murray   6 August [1867]

Summary

Sends the four volumes [of Brehm’s Thierleben] for Murray’s consideration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  6 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  S. J. Hessel (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5599

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   6 August [1867] …
  • … S. J. Hessel (private collection) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Aug [1867] John Murray …
  • … and the letter from John Murray, 5 August [1867] . CD had recommended Brehm et al. 1864–9, …
  • … publisher, for translation. See letter from H.  J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867, letter to John …
  • … Murray, 4 August [1867] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 5 August [1867] and n.  3. …

To John Murray   10 April [1867]

Summary

CD writes about stereotypes for German and Russian editions of Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 34–35)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5497

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 April [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 34–35) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Apr [1867] John Murray …
  • … under Variation that reads: ‘Sept 18th 1867   Schweizerbart   £10’. The Russian translator …
  • … see letter from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 2 April 1867 . CD was correcting the proof-sheets of …
  • … from V.  O.  Kovalevsky, 2 April 1867 . CD refers to stereotypes of the illustrations for …
  • … See also letter from E.  Schweizerbart’sche Buchhandlung, 22 March 1867, letter to John …
  • … Murray, 4 April [1867] , and letter from J.   …
  • … V.  Carus, 5 April 1867 . The letter from Schweizerbart to Murray has not been found in …

To John Murray   20 March [1867]

Summary

The new title is fixed. Thanks for clean sheets. As to number of copies, now that JM proposes 1500, CD is frightened.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  20 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 169–170)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5450

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   20 March [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 169–170) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Mar [1867] John Murray …
  • … between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] . CD refers to …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  2. Murray had agreed to send extra …
  • … German translation of Variation (see letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  5). …
  • … See letter from John Murray, 19 March [1867] and n.  3. …

To John Murray   27 January [1867]

Summary

Hopes JM’s friend will give his judgment [on Variation] soon; and urges JM to come to a decision about publishing. CD believes it will have "a fair sale".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  27 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 153–154)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5379

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Murray   27 January [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 153–154) Charles Robert Darwin Down 27 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … in his letter to Murray of 3 January [1867]. For information on the publication of both …
  • … Milton. In his letter of 9 January [1867] , Murray wrote that he had sent the manuscript …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] and n.  4); Murray said he expected to hear …
  • … see his letter to Murray of 10 January [1867]. CD was composing an additional chapter …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5). CD’s chapter was not published in …

To John Murray   2 November [1867]

Summary

Dallas’ index [for Variation] well done but rather too full.

A hybrid from an ass and a bull is utterly incredible.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  2 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 176–177)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5667

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   2 November [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 176–177) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Nov [1867] John Murray …
  • … the letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 4 November 1867. CD refers to William Sweetland Dallas’s …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] ). Neither the enclosure nor CD’s note to …
  • … Dallas has been found. See letter from John Murray, 1 November [1867] and n.  4. …

To John Murray   31 December [1867]

Summary

Introduces Clair Grece who wishes to translate a work on English grammar from the German.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Dec [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 64–65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5743

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   31 December [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 64–65) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Dec [1867] John Murray …
  • … this letter and the letter from C.  J.  Grece, 29 December 1867. See letter from C.   …
  • … J.  Grece, 29 December 1867 and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from C.  J.  Grece, 29 December 1867 and n.  5. John Murray later published Grece’s …

To John Murray   18 March [1867]

Summary

The compositors have invented a title [for Variation] which CD thinks is better than the advertised one. CD can form no opinion on number of copies. Asks that clean sheets be sent to German and Russian publishers for translation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 167–168)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5446

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   18 March [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 167–168) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 Mar [1867] John Murray …
  • … sheets of Variation arrived on 1 March 1867. For more on the proposed German translation …
  • … Schweizerbart’sche Buchhandlung, [19 March 1867]. CD had received an offer via Trübner & …
  • … into Russian (see letter from Trübner & Co, 26 February 1867 , and letter from V.   …
  • … O. Kovalevsky, 15 March 1867). …

To John Murray   31 January [1867]

Summary

Is convinced his chapter on man [for Variation] will excite plenty of attention and abuse, which he supposes is as good as praise for selling a book.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 164–165)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5384

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   31 January [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 164–165) Charles Robert Darwin Down 31 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … relationship between this letter and the letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . See …
  • … letter from John Murray, 30 January [1867] . CD refers to the printer William Clowes & …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 27 January [1867] and n.  2). Material in the chapter was …

To John Murray   [24 September – 31 October 1867]

Summary

Instructions for the index to Variation

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  [24 Sept – 31 Oct 1867]
Classmark:  Heritage Auctions (dealers) 2006
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5633F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   [24 September – 31 October 1867] …
  • … Heritage Auctions (dealers) 2006 Charles Robert Darwin [24 Sept – 31 Oct 1867] John Murray …
  • … between this letter, and the letters from John Murray, 23 September [1867] and …
  • … 1 November 1867 ( Correspondence vol.  15). The index for Variation was prepared by …

To John Murray   8 January [1867]

Summary

CD annoyed at large size of Variation. Suggests printing detailed parts in small type. JM can, of course, decline to publish altogether.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 155–157)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5350

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   8 January [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 155–157) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … Clowes & Sons at Stamford Street, London (see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). For CD’s anxiety regarding the size, and …
  • … humans, see the letter to John Murray, 3 January [1867] and n.  5, and the letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 7 January [1867] . CD retained a discussion of natural selection in the …

To John Murray   10 January [1867]

Summary

Relieved by JM’s note and by his agreement on type size. Is alarmed by what the verdict [on Variation] of JM’s friend will be. He is not a man of science. An unscientific reader would have condemned the Origin. An eminent semi-scientific man thought the Journal of researches not worth publishing.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  10 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5356

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Murray   10 January [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 166) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). Murray had not identified the reader of …
  • … CD (see letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] and n.  4). CD also refers to Origin. No …
  • … the printer William Clowes & Sons (see letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] and n.  5). …
  • … his letter to the Athenæum of 1 January 1867, CD urged that books be published with pages …

To John Murray   4 April [1867]

Summary

Asks JM not to send stereotypes [of Variation] to Schweizerbart until he has heard that Carus will translate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 32–33)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5486

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 April [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42153 ff. 32–33) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr [1867] John Murray …
  • … Schweizerbart’sche Buchhandlung, [19 March 1867]. The letter to which this is a reply has …
  • … see letter to E.  Schweizerbart’sche Buchhandlung, [19 March 1867]). Schweizerbart …
  • … wrote to CD on 22 March 1867  accepting his terms and saying that he had written to Carus …

To John Murray   4 August [1867]

Summary

Asks whether JM is interested in publishing A. E. Brehm, Illustrirtes Thierleben [4 vols. (1864–7)], which has had immense sale on the continent.

Is making good progress with proofs [of Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  4 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 171–172)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5594

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   4 August [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 171–172) Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Aug [1867] John Murray …
  • … letter and the letter from H.  J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867 (see n.  2, below). CD enclosed the …
  • … letter from H.  J.  Meyer, 30 July 1867. Hermann Julius Meyer had asked CD to recommend …

To John Murray   29 January [1867]

Summary

CD agrees to JM’s proposal of half-profits. Thinks it a mistake to print only 750 copies. The agreement on half-profit is for first edition only. CD estimates his book at a higher value than JM does.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  29 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 162–163)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5382

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   29 January [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 162–163) Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … the numbers of copies he would print, see the letter from John Murray, 28 January [1867] . …
  • … In his letter of 28 January [1867] , Murray said he hoped to send the manuscript to CD in …

From Tendler & Co. to John Murray   29 May 1867

Summary

Seek permission to produce a translation of Variation.

Author:  Tendler & Co.
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  29 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 178: 87
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5555

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From Tendler & Co.  to John Murray   29 May 1867
  • … DAR 178: 87 Tendler & Co. Vienna 29 May 1867 John Murray …
  • … of the letter: ‘Answered & declined June 5. 1867 for J.M. | CAP’. John Murray was CD’s …

To John Murray   19 October [1867]

Summary

An absurd error ("Election" for "Selection") in the advertisement of Variation. Dallas is the best man for index.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  19 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 174–175)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5654

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   19 October [1867] …
  • … Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 174–175) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Oct [1867] John Murray …
  • … for Variation appeared in the 19 October 1867 issue of the Athenæum , p.  487. The title …
  • … to prepare the index to Variation (see letter from John Murray, 23 September [1867] ). …

To John Murray   3 January [1867]

Summary

Sorry about enormous size of Variation MS, but cannot shorten it now. If JM is afraid to publish, CD will consider agreement cancelled. Suggests he ask someone with judgment to read the MS. Has written concluding chapter on man. Whether it will be included depends on size of volume.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  3 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 158–160)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5346

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To John Murray   3 January [1867] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 158–160) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Jan [1867] John Murray …
  • … see letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] ). CD refers to the introduction, chapter …
  • … the letter from John Murray, 2 January [1867] . For CD’s own complaints about the weight …

To John Murray   9 January [1868]

Summary

CD exasperated by Dallas’ delay in finishing index [for Variation]. "I am prepared to throw the Index overboard."

Thinks JM should reconsider publishing a translation of Brehm’s Thierleben. It is excellent and would "sell largely".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  9 Jan [1868]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 178–179)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5781

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to publish a translation in his letter of 4 August [1867] ( Correspondence vol.  15). …
  • … 15, letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 26 December 1867 . The printing firm was William Clowes & …
Document type
letter (26)
Addressee
Murray, John (b)[X]
Correspondent
Date
1865 (1)
1866 (2)
1867 (19)
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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