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To J. D. Hooker   8 February [1867]

Summary

On the Duke of Argyll and a review of his Reign of law.

Asa Gray’s theological view of variation. God’s role in formation of organisms; JDH’s view of Providence.

Insular and continental genera.

Owen on continuity and ideal types

and on bones of Mauritius deer.

On man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 10–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5395

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   8 February [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 10–13 Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Feb [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  4. George Douglas Campbell, the …
  • … occupied him from 1 March to 15 November 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … about Hensleigh Wedgwood’s health in his letter of 4 February 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  17. According to …
  • … Darwins were in London from 13 to 21 February 1867. Six Queen Anne Street was the home of …
  • … 1865 ) that he later used in G.  D.  Campbell 1867 (see Correspondence vols.  13 and 14). …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  3). CD refers to William Buckland …
  • … been identified. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  12. Richard Owen told Hooker of deer bones …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  10). Owen and CD were not on good …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  11. Owen expressed his opposition …
  • … 32, 269–74. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The reign of law. London: Alexander Strahan. …
  • … whether CD had read Campbell’s Reign of law ( G.  D.  Campbell 1867 ; see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867 ). CD refers to Campbell’s review of Orchids in the Edinburgh …
  • … The anonymous review of G.  D.  Campbell 1867  appeared in the Spectator. A …
  • … literature, theology, and art , 5 January 1867, pp.  17–19. CD himself viewed rudimentary …
  • … on this topic, see the letter from Fritz Müller, 1 January 1867  and nn.  15 and …
  • … 16, and the letters to William Turner, 15 January [1867] and …
  • … 1 February [1867] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 February  1867  and n.  2. The last paragraph in Variation (2: 432) ended …
  • … and Alexander F.  Boardman (letter from A.  F.  Boardman, 26 January 1867 and enclosure). …
  • … In his letter of 4 February 1867 , Hooker discussed a statement he made in his lecture on …
  • … see A.  Desmond 1994–7 . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and n.  8. …
  • … See letters to John Murray, 3 January [1867] , and …
  • … 8 January [1867] . The return of the manuscript to CD so that he could mark up sections to …
  • … letter from John Murray, 9 January [1867] ). CD had sent the manuscript to the printers …
  • … see letter to W.  D.  Fox, 6 February [1867] and n.  2). For CD’s collection of material …
  • … and letter to Fritz Müller, 22 February [1867] , n.  11. CD eventually used the material …

To J. D. Hooker   17 March [1867]

Summary

The date-palm seed case is important for Pangenesis.

Reports experiments on pollination of Ipomoea.

"Insular floras": A. Murray’s paper in Gardeners’ Chronicle is poor.

John Scott’s work on acclimatisation of plants.

The anomaly of the Azores flora on the migration theory.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13a–e
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5445

Matches: 19 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 13a–e Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Mar [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . CD’s reply to Clarke’s letter has not been …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867 . CD refers to seeds that had recently been …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and n.  5). In Variation 1: 397–403, CD …
  • … The geographical distribution of mammals. London: Day and Son. Murray, Andrew. 1867. Dr. …
  • … on insular floras. Gardeners’ Chronicle (1867): 152, 181–2. Variation : The variation of …
  • … 1866 and Clarke 1870 ; see letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867  and nn.  1 and 2). …
  • … See letter from Benjamin Clarke, 12 March 1867 . See enclosure …
  • … turning down the invitation (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 February 1867  and …
  • … 14 March 1867 ). CD had received …
  • … first proof-sheets of Variation on 1 March 1867 (CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, …
  • … plants of Ipomoea purpurea , dated between 1 and 10 March 1867, are in DAR 78: 77. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 January [1867], CD had pointed out the apparent misprint …
  • … appeared in two parts in Gardeners’ Chronicle (16 and 23 February 1867, pp.  152, 181– …
  • … 2; A.  Murray 1867 ). Murray cited the case of a species of beetle of the family Carabus ( …
  • … width of the Atlantic ocean ( A.  Murray 1867 , p.  152). CD refers to Murray’s recently …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1864] ). See letter from John Scott, 22 January 1867 . CD’s …
  • … response to Scott’s letter of 22 January 1867  has not been found. CD refers to Benjamin …

To J. D. Hooker   [12] May [1867]

Summary

Sends Fritz Müller’s address; has sent him Insular floras [pamphlet].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [12] May [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 25
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5532

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [12] May [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 25 Charles Robert Darwin Down [12] May [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from Brazil to Kew; see letter to Fritz Müller, 22 April [1867] . J.  D.  Hooker 1866a. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . Emma Darwin forged the signature after …
  • … In 1867, 12 May was a Sunday. Hooker had booked a room in Paris for …
  • … was attending the Paris exhibition as a juror ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.   …
  • … 348); in his letter of 13 April 1867 , by which time he had returned temporarily to Kew, …
  • … it to CD’s sons. CD wrote on 15 [April 1867] that some of them would be ‘hugely tempted’; …
  • … see also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] . There is no record in Emma Darwin’s …
  • … the children going to Paris in April or May 1867. George Howard Darwin visited the Paris …
  • … June (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [3 June 1867] and n.  7. ‘Fash’: trouble or bother ( …
  • … May; see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] . Hooker may have wanted Fritz Müller’s …

To J. D. Hooker   21 March [1867]

Summary

Suggests change in sentence of JDH’s "Insular floras" to make meaning clear.

Naudin’s letter about hybrids.

Pangenesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 13f–g
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5451

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 March [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 13f–g Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Mar [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . Henrietta Emma Darwin. For the wording of …
  • … 1866a and CD’s comments, see the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 January [1867] and n.   …
  • … 1, and 17 March [1867] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March 1867  and nn.  5 and 7. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867  and n.  21. For Hooker’s comment on Andrew …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . CD refers to Murray’s book, The geographical …
  • … s letter with his letter of 23 March 1867 . CD reported Naudin’s observation of fruit …
  • … of pangenesis, see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 . In his discussion of reversion in Variation 2: 398, …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [April 1867]

Summary

Agrees with JDH about Anderson-Henry. He has however described in detail a curious case of the ovaria of Rhododendron directly affected by foreign pollen, like the Chamaerops and date-palm case.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Apr 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 21–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5502

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 [April 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 21–2 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 [Apr 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Hawthorn Hooker; see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . CD refers to his children Elizabeth and George Howard Darwin. …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) for Saturday 20 April 1867 mentions ‘M r Swettenham’. Hooker would have …
  • … William Henslow Hooker from 20 to 22 April 1867; however, the visit did not take place ( …
  • … see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 [April 1867] ). Hooker gave his opinion …
  • … Anderson-Henry in his letter of 13 April 1867 . CD reported Anderson-Henry’s cross of …
  • … Henry sent with his letter of 3 April 1867 , in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.   …
  • … In his letter of 14 March 1867 , Hooker reported a case of ‘seeds’ of a Chaemerops humilis …

To J. D. Hooker   [21 May 1867]

Summary

Glad to hear Wallace is contender for Gold Medal. Has highest esteem for his extraordinary talents.

Thanks for H. Barkly’s letter from Mauritius.

Glad to see HB takes same view as CD about bones of deer [see 5395].

Objections to continental extension theory.

Progress [on Variation] very slow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 May 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5543

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [21 May 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 26–7 Charles Robert Darwin Down [21 May 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … by the relationship between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 May 1867 . …
  • … In 1867, the first Tuesday after 17 May was 21 May. Hooker had evidently cancelled two …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867  and n.  4), and one on 18 May (see letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 May 1867 ). Hooker was attending the …
  • … Paris Exhibition as a juror ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.  348). …
  • … Darwins visited London from 17 to 24 June 1867 (see CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [23 June 1867] ). CD refers to Alfred Russel Wallace, …
  • … Society of London. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 17 May 1867  and n.  3. See enclosure to …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 May 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 8 February [1867] . For CD’s views on continental extensions, see, for …

To J. D. Hooker   24 [March 1867]

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Summary

Returns Charles Naudin’s letter with its case in support of CD’s view of impregnation.

Twits JDH for trying to wriggle out of error made in his lecture and admires his "candour in letting the rat out of the bag". [See 5449 and 5451.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5457A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 [March 1867] …
  • … DAR 185: 92 Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 [Mar 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 March 1867 . CD had been uncertain about the usefulness …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 March 1867  and n.  2). Both CD and Henrietta Emma …
  • … continent (J.  D.  Hooker 1866a); see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March [1867] and …
  • … 21 March [1867] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867  and …
  • … 23 March 1867 . See …
  • … letter from Fritz Müller, 2 February 1867 . The ‘scrap’ has not been found. See …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 January 1867  and n.  2. CD had asked Hooker for seed of …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 January [1867] and n.  2). CD later sent several plant …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [14 September 1867] and n.  2). Roland Trimen had sent CD …

To J. D. Hooker   25 [April 1867]

Summary

Has sent JDH’s Genera plantarum to Fritz Müller who finds it useful and offers to supply JDH with Brazilian plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [Apr 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 23–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5514

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 [April 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 23–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 [Apr 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from Fritz Müller, 4 March 1867 . CD had offered to send Fritz Müller a copy of …
  • … 1866] ( Correspondence vol.  14). See letter to Fritz Müller, 22 April [1867] and n.  12. …
  • … and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . Hooker had planned to visit Down from …
  • … s son Reginald Hawthorn Hooker, born in January 1867, had been ill (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 13 April 1867 . Hooker was attending the …
  • … Paris exhibition as a juror ( Gardeners’ Chronicle , 6 April 1867, p.  348). …

To J. D. Hooker   29 January [1867]

Summary

On final instalment of "Insular floras" [Gard. Chron. (1867): 75]; rejoices at extent of their agreement.

Some criticisms of JDH’s position on geographical affinities, and volcanic islands.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 8–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5381

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   29 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 8–9 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 Jan [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of "Insular floras" [ Gard. Chron. (1867): 75]; rejoices at extent of their agreement. …
  • … 1866] ), and Hooker had evidently sent specimens after 12 January 1867 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867], and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 January 1867] ). CD refers to …
  • … the Atlantic Islands were discussed in C.  Lyell 1867–8 , 2: 403–11. CD refers to Hooker’s …
  • … London: John Murray. 1845. Lyell, Charles. 1867–8. Principles of geology or the modern …
  • … in Gardeners Chronicle , 26 January 1867, pp.  75–6, of Hooker’s article on insular …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1866a). See the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867] and n.   …
  • … 1, 15 January [1867], and …
  • … 21 January [1867], for CD’s comments on the first three instalments. Hooker discussed how …
  • … see also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 January [1867] and n.  3). Hooker discussed the ‘many …

To J. D. Hooker   4 April [1867]

Summary

Rejoices over baby’s improvement.

Horace Darwin has intermittent fever.

Thanks JDH for page of the Farmer, a great service.

R. Trail’s potato grafting case would be of extreme value for demonstrating Pangenesis. [See Variation 1: 395.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5485

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 April [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 19–20 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Apr [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker, 21 March [1867] ). CD thought pangenesis could explain both sexual and asexual …
  • … but had recovered; Hooker wrote news of him in his letters to CD of 31 March 1867 and …
  • … 3 April 1867. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), …
  • … returned to Down from school on 16 March 1867 with a fever, and began taking quinine on 1  …
  • … it with Hooker in 1866 and during March 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  14, letter to J.   …
  • … 1866], and this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 March 1867 , and letter to J.   …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 14 March 1867. The page has not been found in the Darwin …
  • … found, but see the letter from Isaac Anderson-Henry, 3 April 1867 , and the letter from …
  • … Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 . CD mentioned Trail’s information in Variation 1: 395–6; he …

To J. D. Hooker   26 [May 1867]

Summary

It was foolish of him to say a word about continental extensions so briefly that he thinks JDH misunderstood him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 [May 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5552

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   26 [May 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 17 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 [May 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … less frequently. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 May 1867] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 24 May 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 May 1867  and n.  6. …
  • … between this letter and the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 24 May 1867 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 May 1867 . CD refers to Brian Houghton Hodgson. The only paper by Hodgson …

To J. D. Hooker   2 September [1867]

Summary

Sends Fritz Müller’s address;

disagrees on Mary Barton.

Seeks name of the Mimulus on which he has experimented [see Variation 2: 128].

Requests flowers of yellow variety of Mirabilis jalapa.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Sept [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 33–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5621

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   2 September [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 33–4 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Sept [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867 . Hooker’s mother, Maria Hooker, had been …
  • … and enteritis (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867  and n.  3. For Hooker’s opinion of the novel Mary …
  • … vol.  14). In his letter of 17 August 1867 , Hooker stated that Mirabilis was ‘not in …
  • … see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1867 . CD refers to an article by John …
  • … on ‘Miracles and special providences’ that appeared in the 1 June 1867 issue of the …
  • … Fortnightly Review (Tyndall 1867). In a section on the nature of scientific discovery, …
  • … Oliver Cunningham (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 August 1867  and n.  5). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 31 August 1867 and n.  5. CD reported on the self-fertility of …

To J. D. Hooker   21 January [1867]

Summary

On recent instalment of "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 50]. Approves of JDH’s abstract of argument for transport of species [i.e., migration, as opposed to continental extension hypothesis].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5373

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 7 Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Jan [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … of "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 50]. Approves of JDH’s abstract of …
  • … D.  Hooker 1866a) in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 19 January 1867, pp.  50–1. See also the …
  • … letters to J.  D. Hooker, 9 January [1867] and …
  • … 15 January [1867], for his comments on the first and second instalments. In summarising …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1866a, p.  51). In his 1867 pamphlet (see n.  1, above), Hooker made CD’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867], n.  2), Hooker changed ‘the commonest of …

To J. D. Hooker   25 November [1867]

Summary

Woolner’s bust.

Smith’s health.

St Helena Umbelliferae.

Brambles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 37–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5696

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 November [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 37–8 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 Nov [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 . See also CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … had expressed his wish to visit Down in December 1867 while Thomas Woolner was making CD’s …
  • … bust (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867  and n.  14. Cast: i.e.  copy. John Smith was curator at the …
  • … since July (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867  and n.  16. Sium helenianum attains between eight and twelve …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 November 1867 . In his undated notes on movement in bramble …

To J. D. Hooker   17 November [1867]

Summary

Has finished last revise of his book [Variation].

Is curious to know what JDH thinks of Pangenesis. It is fearfully imperfect, yet satisfying, for it connects large groups of facts by an intelligible thread.

Thomas Woolner is coming [to do a bust of CD].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 35–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5680

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   17 November [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 35–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 17 Nov [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … and finishing revisions on 15 November 1867 (see Correspondence vol.  15, Appendix II). On …
  • … the letter to John Murray, 8 January [1867] . The index of Variation was being prepared by …
  • … Dallas, who had expected to complete it by about 18 November 1867 (letter from W.   …
  • … S.  Dallas, 4 November 1867). However, the task progressed more slowly than Dallas had …
  • … seeds at Kew was recorded on 27 November 1867 with the note: ‘The lady who gathered it …
  • … see letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 20 November 1867 ). Variation was published on 30 January  …
  • … the letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] and n.  4. CD’s two papers, ‘Illegitimate …
  • … London from 28 November to 7 December 1867 (‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  15, Appendix …
  • … II)). Hooker next visited Down on 21 December 1867 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). The …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [March 1867]

Summary

Anxious for news about baby.

Will remember to save all foreign plants for JDH when he has finished experimenting with them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5469

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   29 [March 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 18 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [Mar 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … In his letter of 26 [and 27] March 1867 , Hooker had written about Reginald Hawthorn …
  • … Hooker’s illness. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 [and 27] March 1867  and n.  2. …

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1867]

Summary

More comments on "Insular floras": community of peculiar genera in the Atlantic islands descended from European plants now extinct.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 5–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5361

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 January [1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 5–6 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Jan [1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 January 1867] ). Emma Darwin wrote the postscript, …
  • … Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 January 1867] . CD refers to Frances Harriet Hooker and …
  • … statement in his letter of [12 January 1867] . The second of the four parts of Hooker’s …
  • … 1866a) appeared in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 12 January 1867, p.  27. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867], n.  1. Alexander von Humboldt wrote that he had seen …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 January 1867] . In his letter to Hooker of 7 January [ …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 January [1867]. Humboldt remarked that Lanzarote and …

To J. D. Hooker   [16 June 1867]

Summary

Leaves for London tomorrow. Hopes to see JDH there or perhaps at Kew, but doubts the latter. He is not strong and has a good deal to do.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [16 June 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 29–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5569

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [16 June 1867] …
  • … DAR 94: 29–30 Charles Robert Darwin Down [16 June 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … CD did not meet (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [23 June 1867] ). See also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 June 1867 . …

To J. D. Hooker   [23 June 1867]

Summary

Disappointed at not seeing JDH in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [23 June 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 28
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5574

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [23 June 1867] …
  • … Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [16 June 1867] ). …
  • … 94: 28 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [23 June 1867] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 18 June 1867 ). CD had hoped to visit the Royal Botanic …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1866 22 Aug 1866 22 Sept 1866 22 Oct 1866 22 Nov 1866 22 Dec 1866 22 Jan 1867 22 …
  • … Feb 1867 22 …
  • … Mar 1867 22 …
  • … Apr 1867 22 …
  • … May 1867 22 …
  • … June 1867 22 …
  • … July 1867 22 …
  • … Aug 1867 22 …
  • … Sept 1867 22 …
  • … Oct 1867 22 …
  • … Nov 1867 22 …
  • … Dec 1867 22 Jan 1868 22 Feb 1868 22 Mar 1868 22 Apr 1868 22 May 1868 22 June 1868 22 July …
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Darwin in letters, 1867: A civilised dispute

Summary

Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work, The variation of animals and plants under domestication (Variation). The importance of Darwin’s network of correspondents becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in…

Matches: 30 hits

  • …   Charles Darwin’s major achievement in 1867 was the completion of his large work,  The …
  • … publisher in the final week of 1866. It would take all of 1867 to correct proofs, and just when …
  • … becomes vividly apparent in his work on expression in 1867, as he continued to circulate a list of …
  • … transmutation theory. Three important new correspondents in 1867 were Hermann Müller and Anton Dohrn …
  • … the New Year’s greeting, ‘may you be eupeptic through 1867 & your friends & the world in …
  • … publisher, John Murray, he wrote to Murray on 3 January 1867 , ‘I cannot tell you how sorry I am …
  • … for selling a Book’ ( letter to John Murray, 31 January [1867] ). A week later, Darwin had …
  • … the additional chapter. In a letter written on 8 February [1867] to his close friend, Joseph …
  • … Darwin’s time. The first proof-sheets arrived on 1 March 1867 and the tedious work of correction …
  • … . In a letter to his son William dated 27 [March 1867] , he admitted, ‘I fear the book is by no …
  • … papers with his first letter to Darwin of 15 March 1867 , although he described some of Alexander …
  • … told his publisher, John Murray, in a letter of 4 April [1867] , not to send stereotypes of the …
  • … had received other offers, notably one from Vogt in April 1867, to translate the new work. Carus had …
  • … will be published’ ( letter from J. V. Carus, 5 April 1867 ). This hint of uncertainty caused …
  • … to give up the task’ ( letter to Carl Vogt, 12 April [1867] ). Darwin need not have worried …
  • … to the German public ( letter from J. V. Carus, 15 April 1867 ). Darwin may not have fully …
  • … in preference to you’ ( letter to J. V. Carus, 18 April [1867] ). Darwin was not disappointed in …
  • … the ‘wonderful discovery’ to Darwin on 14 March 1867 . Then, in April, Robert Trail wrote from …
  • … in a mottled hybrid ( letter from Robert Trail, 5 April 1867 ). Darwin told his American friend …
  • … physiological fact’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Although he did not succeed in …
  • … step in Biology’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 22 August [1867] ). Darwin’s insecurity persisted, …
  • … ferocity’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 17 November [1867] ). Even when the corrections were …
  • … to be introduced’ ( letter to W. S. Dallas, 8 November [1867] ). Dallas resisted the temptation to …
  • … as I could wish’ (letter from W. S. Dallas, 20 November 1867). Dallas, like Carus, alerted Darwin to …
  • … for information on Fuegian expressions. On 11 January 1867, Sulivan replied , enclosing belated …
  • … 27 years old In a letter of 22 February [1867] to Fritz Müller in Brazil, in which …
  • … Russel Wallace, who suggested in his response of 11 March [1867] that Darwin send his queries to …
  • … ( letter to A. R. Wallace, [12–17] March [1867] ). Darwin’s doggedness in pursuing answers to his …
  • … so do not want any more’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 15 April [1867] ). Nevertheless, at some point …
  • … in  Notes and Queries on China and Japan , 31 August 1867. Another version, possibly derived from …

Darwin’s queries on expression

Summary

When Darwin resumed systematic research on emotions around 1866, he began to collect observations more widely and composed a list of queries on human expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to Fritz Muller…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … expression. A number of handwritten copies were sent out in 1867 (see, for example, letter to …
  • … Barber, Mary E. [after Feb 1867] [Grahamstown, Cape …
  • … Bowker, J.H. [10 Dec 1867] [Cape of Good Hope (South …
  • … Bowman, William 5 Aug 1867 5 Clifford St, London, …
  • … Darwin, Francis 20 June 1867 Unknown? …
  • … Erskine, H. N. B. 1 Nov 1867 [Ahmednuggur, Bombay, …
  • … Gaika, Christian 7 July 1867 Bedford [Cape of Good …
  • … Geach, F.F. June 1867 Johore, Malaysia …
  • … Gibbs, George 31 March 1867 Smithsonian Institution, …
  • … Gray, Asa 26 March 1867 Cambridge, Massachusetts, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 12 May - 2 June 1867 Christchurch, …
  • … Haast, J.F.J. von 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Hagenauer, F.A. [12 Sept 1867] Lake Wellington, …
  • … Huxley, H.A. 22 Mar [1867] Abbey Place, London, …
  • … Kempson, L.F. 20 June 1867 Penmaenmawr, Conway, …
  • … Lubbock, E.F. [1867-8?] Lombard Street, London? …
  • … Muller, Fritz 22 Feb [1867] Down, Kent, England …
  • … Paget, James 9 July 1867 1 Harewood Place, Hanover …
  • … Rothrock, J.T. 31 March 1867 McVeytown [Pennsylvania …
  • … Stack, James West 4 Dec 1867 Christchurch, New …
  • … Sulivan, B.J. 11 Jan 1867 Bournemouth, England …
  • … Sutton, Seth 8 Aug 1867 Zoological Gardens, Regents …
  • … Swinhoe, Robert 5 Aug 1867 Amoy, China …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 2 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent, …
  • … Wallace, A. R. 11 March [1867] 9 St. Mark’s Crescent …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. 7 July 1867 Bedford, Cape of Good Hope …
  • … Weale, J.P.M. [10 Dec 1867] Bedford, Cape of Good …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Sunday to Mahomet.   ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ) The most striking …
  • … 'not a little in the dark' ( to John Lubbock, 26 March [1867] ). Trouble with the …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Letter 5745 - Barber, M. E. to Darwin, [after February 1867] Mary Barber responds to …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [8 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece, …
  • … Letter 5602 - Sutton, S. to Darwin, [8 August 1867] Sutton, the keeper of the …
  • … 5705 - Haast, J. F. J. von to Darwin, [4 December 1867] Explorer and geologist Haast …
  • … Letter 5585  - Darwin to Darwin, H. E., [26 July 1867] Darwin praises Henrietta’s …
  • … Letter 5403  - Darwin to Carus,  J. V.  [17 February 1867] Darwin thanks Carus for his …
  • … 5410  - Darwin to Muller, J. F. T., [22 February 1867] Darwin thanks Muller for …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5605: Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 15 Aug [1867] Darwin asks Fritz Müller, a …

Edward Lumb

Summary

Edward Lumb was born in Yorkshire. According to the memoirs of his daughter Anne, Lady Macdonell, he travelled to Buenos Aires aged sixteen with his merchant uncle, Charles Poynton, and after some fortunate enterprises set up in business there. In 1833…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … still at Buenos Aires, or even still alive. However, in 1867 Darwin’s son, William, went to the …
  • … persuaded her husband to go back to Buenos Aires in October 1867. However, they had eventually …

A tale of two bees

Summary

Darwinian evolution theory fundamentally changed the way we understand the environment and even led to the coining of the word 'ecology'. Darwin was fascinated by bees: he devised experiments to study the comb-building technique of honey bees and…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … much ahead of his time when, in a letter to Darwin in 1867 , he commented on Edward Wilson’s plan …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 7312 - Darwin to Darwin, F., [30 August 1867 - 70] Darwin asks his son, …
  • … Letter 5391 - Becker, L. E. to Darwin, [6 February 1867] Lydia Becker thanks Darwin …
  • … Letter 5712 - Dallas, W. S. to Darwin, [8 December 1867] Translator and author …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Variation under domestication,  neared completion in 1867, that he systematically sought more …
  • … Typical is his query to Fritz Müller in  February 1867 : Do you know of any lowly …
  • … as an argument in favour of Divine creation (Campbell  1867, pp. 203–4). Brent gave it as his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 5457 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Mar 1867 Müller explains how Origin …
  • … 5471 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, H. L. H., 29 Mar [1867] Darwin learns that German botanist …
  • … Letter 5481 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr [1867] Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5657 — Müller, H. L. H. to Darwin, C. R., 23 Oct 1867 Müller thanks Darwin for the …
  • … Letter 5585 — Darwin, C. R. to Darwin, H. E., 26 July [1867] Darwin writes to his daughter …
  • … Letter 5745 — Barber, M. E. to Darwin, C. R., [after Feb 1867] In this letter, naturalist, …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 5429 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 4 Mar 1867 Müller reports observations on …
  • … Letter 5480 — Müller, J. F. T. to Darwin, C. R., 1 Apr 1867 Müller cites cases of difference …
  • … 5551 — Darwin, C. R. to Müller, J. F. T., 26 May [1867] Darwin thanks Müller for information …

Referencing women’s work

Summary

Darwin's correspondence shows that women made significant contributions to Darwin's work, but whether and how they were acknowledged in print involved complex considerations of social standing, professional standing, and personal preference.…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 7060 - Wedgwood, F. J. to Darwin, [1867 - 72] Darwin’s niece, Frances, …
  • … Letter 7223 - Darwin to Wedgwood, L. C., [9 June 1867 - 72] Darwin asks his niece to …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 5500 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 12 Apr [1867] Darwin is sympathetic to Haeckel’s …
  • … Letter 5533 — Haeckel, E. P. A. to Darwin, C. R., 12 May 1867 Haeckel thanks Darwin for the …
  • … 5544 — Darwin, C. R. to Haeckel, E. P. A., 21 May [1867] Darwin discusses his previous …

Race, Civilization, and Progress

Summary

Darwin's first reflections on human progress were prompted by his experiences in the slave-owning colony of Brazil, and by his encounters with the Yahgan peoples of Tierra del Fuego. Harsh conditions, privation, poor climate, bondage and servitude,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5617 , Darwin to Weale, J. P. M., 27 August [1867] "You have been extremely …
  • … Letter 5722 , Weale, J. P. M. to Darwin, [10 December 1867] "You speak sanguinely …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 5565 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 6 June 1867 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … 5648 — Darwin, C. R. to Wallace, A. R., 12–13 Oct [1867] Darwin thinks naturalist A. R. …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … A GRAY 15 AUGUST 1868 177  TO A GRAY 15 APRIL 1867 178  C DARWIN TO JD …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 5637 - Alfred Russel Wallace to Charles Darwin 1 October 1867 Alfred Russell Wallace, a …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Emma Darwin to Henrietta Darwin, [14 April 1867] Emma debates the wisdom of making a visit to …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 5670f - Darwin to Kingsley, C., [6 November 1867] Darwin discusses ‘rudiments’ …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and sending Darwin a copy of the article. In early spring 1867, Darwin initiated a correspondence …
  • … Darwin  replied encouragingly  and in the summer of 1867, Müller began working on fertilisation of …
  • … preventing unwanted visitors from gaining access. In October 1867, Müller sent Darwin a letter …
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