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From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862

Summary

Thinks Max Müller’s Lectures on the science of language [1861–4] will do a real service to CD and natural selection.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 and 13 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3752

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862
  • … DAR 165: 120 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 4 Oct 1862 13 …
  • … Oct 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and nn.  4 and 5. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c. …
  • … anonymous review (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 November 1862 ). …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Oct.  4, 1862 My Dear Darwin I have just been reading Max …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Schrempp, Gregory. 1983. The re-education of …
  • … New Haven, Connecticut. In the summer of 1862, Gray had made numerous observations of the …
  • … to persuade him to publish them separately (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 1  …
  • … July [1862], 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862], 28  …
  • … July [1862], and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862]). Gray refers to Leonard Darwin, who had been ill with scarlet fever …
  • … was apparently enclosed with the letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862] (see letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). …

To Daniel Oliver   2 September [1862]

Summary

Exciting work on trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria. Requests Lythraceae from Kew.

Wants to know of plants other than Melastoma and Lythrum with coloured pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  2 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 35 (EH 88206018)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3706

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Daniel Oliver   2 September [1862] …
  • … DAR 261.10: 35 (EH 88206018) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth 2 Sept [1862] Daniel Oliver …
  • … pp.  260–8. See also letter from Daniel Oliver, 4 September 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] and n.  14. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] . …
  • … below). In his letter to Oliver of 29 [July 1862], CD had described the crosses he planned …
  • … from these experiments is dated 31 July 1862 (DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 7). Oliver was librarian …
  • … the letter from Daniel Oliver, 13 September 1862 . The Darwin family were on holiday in …
  • … fever since mid-June (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] , and letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). Emma Darwin …
  • … became ill with the disease on 13 August 1862, on the first stage of their journey to …
  • … s diary (DAR 242)). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] . …
  • … In a note dated 25 September 1862 (DAR 48: 50), CD recorded the existence of two …

From Asa Gray   [late June 1862]

Summary

Has not had time to look at Rhexia.

Progress of Civil War.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [late June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3631

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   [late June 1862] …
  • … DAR 165: 110 Asa Gray unstated [late June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Morell, John Daniel. 1862. An introduction to mental philosophy, on the …
  • … is established by Gray’s references to Morell 1862 (see n.  2, below), to his duties at …
  • … the genus Rhexia (see n.  4, below). Morell 1862 ; Gray had told CD that he had been given …
  • … of this book in his letter of 31 March [1862]. In May, Gray had told CD that he would be …
  • … with college duties until 10 July (see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). See also …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . CD was investigating what he thought might be a …
  • … signs of this phenomenon (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] ; see also letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and …
  • … 21 April [1862]). Gray had agreed to carry out …
  • … this task in the summer (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ); in his letter …
  • … of 2–3 July 1862, he told CD that he would shortly ‘try to look up & bring home living …

From J. D. Hooker   9 June 1862

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Summary

Oliver has written able paper on dimorphism for Natural History Review [n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

CD’s account of Viola is novel and interesting.

Has finished Cameroon mountain plants.

Jury work at exhibition.

Domestic problems – wife is ill, no cook, etc.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3593

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   9 June 1862
  • … DAR 101: 40–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 9 June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin, who was in Southampton (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] and n.  5). …
  • … for Natural History Review [n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43]. CD’s account of Viola is novel and …
  • … Oliver] 1862c. See letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] . Hooker had been preparing a list of the plants collected in …
  • … Cameroon mountains by Gustav Mann (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and nn.   …
  • … 3 and 5, and [29 May 1862] and n.  4); he read a paper entitled ‘On …
  • … before the Linnean Society of London on 5 June 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the …
  • … in tropical areas (see letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 9 May [1862] and n.  6). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  6. Frances Harriet Hooker. The Hookers’ home …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] ). CD appears to have sent the letter to Emma …
  • … Linnean Society of London (Botany) 6 (1862): cvi). The paper was not published in the …

To J. D. Hooker   9 [April 1862]

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Summary

On Vanilla.

Asks JDH to observe whether he has both long- and short-styled form of Menyanthes

and whether he has "Saxifrages with long hairs glandular at the tip".

The Linnean Society session made him vomit all night. Fears he must give up trying to read papers or speak. "It is a horrid bore. I can do nothing like other people."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 [Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3500

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 [April 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 148 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 [Apr 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … were not suitable (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [7 April 1862] . CD read his paper, ‘Three sexual forms …
  • … of Catasetum tridentatum ’ , before the Linnean Society of London on 3 April 1862. …
  • … 2 and 5, below). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 April 1862] . Orchids was about to …
  • … see letter to John Murray, 9 April [1862] ). CD recorded finishing work on the volume on …
  • … sent CD specimens of the genus in March 1862, with the promise that he would send others …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum ’: …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …
  • … correspondents (see letter to C.  C.  Babington, 20 January [1862] , and letter from C.   …
  • … W.  Crocker, 13 March 1862 ); he probably included the genus on the list of specimens …
  • … enclosed with the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] . In DAR 110 (ser.   …
  • … 2): 52 there is a note dated ‘1862’ that states: ‘Menyanthes from Kew. — Short- …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1862?]

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Summary

Box of Melastomataceae has arrived.

Talked with [Duke of] Argyll about Origin. He is between stools: Owen and Lyell.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1862?]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3455

Matches: 6 hits

  • … s reaction to Origin at this time (see letter from Charles Kingsley, 31 January  1862 ). …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [26 February 1862? ] …
  • … DAR 101: 13 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [26 Feb 1862? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 ; the preceding Wednesday was 26 February. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . The references are to George Douglas Campbell (the eighth …

To John Scott   3 December [1862]

Summary

JS’s facts on Primula are new to CD.

In Linum CD has also found dimorphic and non-dimorphic species.

Plans to publish next autumn on successive homomorphic generations in Primula.

"Fluctuating forms" due to culture.

Urges JS to publish.

Lobelia functionally monoecious.

Where did JS publish on Clivia hybrids? Did he count parent and cross seeds, as Gärtner shows is necessary?

CD has done large experiments on artificially fertilised cowslips. They never resemble oxlips.

Would welcome detailed criticism of natural selection by a careful observer like JS. Most criticism worthless. Expects a great deal from Lyell’s reaction.

Suggests JS do orchid experiment to see if rostellum can be penetrated by pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  3 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 60–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3844

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To John Scott   3 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 60–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Dec [1862] John Scott …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See letter …
  • … from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] ; some of Scott’s comments on the genus …
  • … that letter. In a note dated 3 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI), …
  • … apparently sent with Scott’s letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862] (see letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  3). After further research, Scott wrote a paper …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , CD mentioned that this observation …
  • … Benjamin Silliman. See letter from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] and n.  8. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Gärtner, …
  • … wrote this paper between 11 and 21 December 1862. In ‘Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic …
  • … of Primula sinensis first arose in 1862, following his observation of some anomalous …
  • … observations, dated 1–30 March and 24 April 1862, are in DAR 108: 56–66. CD carried out …
  • … crosses in late January and February 1862, the results of which were published in ‘ …
  • … Society on 20 February 1868. See letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [6 August 1862] and n.  2. …
  • … John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] , is incomplete; Scott evidently commented on …
  • … letter to CD of [20 November – 2 December 1862]; he had not, however, published an account …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] ). CD refers to Karl Friedrich von Gärtner’s …
  • … Origin , p.  247. See letter from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . See letter …
  • … John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] and n.  2. CD was interested in the commonly …
  • … book (DAR 157a, p.  75), dated 21 April 1862, CD reported that since 1859 he had grown …
  • … with cowslips and primroses in April 1862 (see the dated notes in DAR 157a, pp.  76–7 and …
  • … are notes on these seedlings, dated 27 April 1862, in DAR 157a, pp.  75–7. CD’s crossing …
  • … from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . CD refers to Charles Lyell’s Antiquity …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 December 1862]

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Summary

JDH’s impression on meeting [J. A.] Froud[e].

CD’s projected three volume work.

Complains at poor state of some [unspecified] plant collection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3890

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 96–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [31 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] (see nn.  3 and 4, below), and by the …
  • … Grenville Milnes Gaskell on 30 December 1862 (see Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.  14 (1863): …
  • … 231). Hooker refers to a review, published in the Parthenon , 27 December 1862, pp.  1102– …
  • … 3, of part 1 of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). The reviewer criticised the authors for having neglected …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. Taxonomic literature : …
  • … 28 January [1860] ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] and n.  5. Hooker refers to a critique of …
  • … s review of Orchids ( [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 ), published in the Saturday Review by …
  • … CD’s nephew, Henry Parker ( [Parker] 1862 ). CD had sent Hooker his copy of the critique …

To T. H. Huxley   22 January [1862]

Summary

Much amused at the Witness.

Pleased at what THH says on hybridity.

Odd that objectors never allude to the arguments that alone have weight in their favour – affinities, rudimentary organs, etc.

Has 16 ill in the house!

Natural History Review a capital number.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  22 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 252)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3403

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   22 January [1862] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 252) Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Jan [1862] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Bibliography Brewster, David. 1862. The facts and fancies …
  • … of Mr Darwin. Good Words (1862): 3–9. Correspondence : The correspondence of Charles …
  • … H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862 and …
  • … 20 January 1862, and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] . See also Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, Appendix VI. Brewster 1862 . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862. Huxley was the senior editor of the new series of the …
  • … is a lightly annotated copy of the January 1862 number in the Darwin Library–CUL. Lubbock  …
  • … is established by the relationship to the letters from T.  H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862 and …
  • … 20 January 1862. Huxley had recently delivered two lectures at the Philosophical …
  • … newspaper, the Witness , on 14 January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix V). …
  • … sent CD a copy of the article with his letter of 20 January 1862. See letters from T.   …

From Asa Gray   18–19 August 1862

Summary

Notes and observations on orchids.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18–19 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 111, 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3688

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   18–19 August 1862
  • … DAR 165: 111, 116 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 18–19 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Aug.  18. 1862 My Dear Darwin The dawn of hope in yours of …
  • … s gradual recovery from scarlet fever (see letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]). At CD’s request, Gray had sent a number of stamps …
  • … for Leonard’s collection (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters from Asa …
  • … Gray, 2–3 July 1862, 15  …
  • … July [1862], and …
  • … 21 July 1862). See also …
  • … letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]. Gray refers to the botanist and pharmacist, Elias Durand. Gray was Fisher …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … collaborator. In his letter to CD of 2–3 July 1862, Gray promised to obtain specimens of …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ). Platanthera blephariglottis and P.  ciliaris are …
  • … described in A.  Gray 1862b, p.  424. In the letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862], CD argued that Gray’s observations on American species of orchids were too …
  • … CD with the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] . Gray intended to include some of his …
  • … of the book (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). The plates arrived too late for …
  • … s review (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862  and nn.  3 and 4), but appeared in the …
  • … hyperborea with his letter of 2–3 July 1862; although the notes have not been found, it is …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] , that Gray had told him that the species …

To John Scott   19 November [1862]

Summary

Praises JS’s experimenting.

Has he ever studied the relative fertility of varieties? CD very interested in this subject.

Discusses Acropera.

Wants to quote JS on Zea [Variation 1: 321].

CD sends his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  AL & Copy
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3814

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To John Scott   19 November [1862] …
  • … AL & Copy Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Nov [1862] John Scott …
  • … is established by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . …
  • … Letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862]. James McNab. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . No publication by Scott on this subject …
  • … found. See letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . The reference to the remark by Karl …
  • … this remark in the missing portion of his letter of 15 November [1862]. See letter to J.   …
  • … to C.  C.  Babington, 20 January [1862] ), and also attempted to use a wild specimen for …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4). Scott carried out the suggested …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  10. CD had been interested in the ‘gradation in sexes’ …
  • … from Asa Gray earlier in the year (see letters to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and 10– …
  • … 20 June [1862], and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] . CD was preparing a draft of the part of Variation dealing …
  • … portion of the letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ; see also letter from John …
  • … Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . Scott described this case, in which female …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . In April  1839, John Stevens Henslow had …

To J. D. Hooker   4 November [1862]

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Summary

Cannot see how J. W. Dawson can accuse JDH of asserting a subsidence of Arctic America. Much of evidence for subsidence during glacial period will prove false as it largely rests on ice action which is more and more viewed as subaerial.

Dawson is biased against Darwinism.

Suggests Greenland may have been repopulated after glacial period extinguished flora, by migration in sea-currents.

Max Müller’s view of origin of language is weakest part of his book [see 3752].

Would like to examine the rare Cypripedium hirsutissimum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3795

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   4 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 168 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Nov [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … In his letter of 2 November 1862, Hooker asked CD to examine his paper on the distribution …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Tyndall, John. 1862. On the conformation of the Alps. The …
  • … been shaken by the controversial work of Andrew Crombie Ramsay (Ramsay 1862), John …
  • … Tyndall ( Tyndall 1862 ), and Thomas …
  • … Francis Jamieson ( Jamieson 1862 ; see Davies 1969, pp.  301– …
  • … 13). CD’s reading of Ramsay 1862 and …
  • … Jamieson 1862  had largely convinced him that land-ice had been more extensive and …
  • … was commonly supposed (see letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and n.  9. The reference has not been identified; however, CD …
  • … currents’ (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] ; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ). In his review of Hooker’s essay (A.  Gray 1862d, p.   …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  11. Since the 1840s, CD and Hooker had …
  • … 5 and 6). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and n.  17. Max Müller 1861 . …
  • … on the origins of language, see the letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , n.  3. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 27 [October 1862], CD suggested that Daniel Oliver might be …
  • … been found, but see the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 2 November 1862. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and n.  6. In Orchids , pp.  274–5, CD concluded that …
  • … 428. See letter to Asa Gray, 10– 20 June [1862] and n.  17. There is an undated note in …

To J. D. Hooker   21 [September 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Haast’s observations. Particularly glad to get geological evidence of glacial action (in Southern Hemisphere).

Thinks Ramsay’s theory to large extent true, but thinks that in a much disturbed country some lakes would have been formed in depressions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  21 [Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 161
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3735

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   21 [September 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 161 Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth 21 [Sept 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … during the first week of October. See also letter to W.  D.  Fox, 20 [September 1862] . …
  • … is established by the relationship to the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 and …
  • … 20 September 1862. Hooker had sent CD a letter from Julius von Haast, together with some …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 September 1862  and n.  2). Haast’s newspaper reports have …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 26 August 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] . See letter from A.   …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 26 August 1862 , and letter to A.   …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] . …
  • … In 1862, the British Association for the Advancement of Science held its annual meeting in …
  • … 25 October [1861] . CD refers to present-day Tonga. Ramsay 1862; see letter from A.   …
  • … also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 16 January [1862] and n.  6. In Origin 4th ed. , pp.  442–3, …
  • … letter from Julius von Haast, 9 December 1862  and n.  8). CD refers to Hooker’s flora of …
  • … to New Zealand, and that Haast, on his 1862 expedition, found to have reached ‘the very …
  • … letter from Julius von Haast, 9 December 1862 . On Mus rattus , see Buller 1870 . CD had …

To J. D. Hooker   9 May [1862]

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Summary

Sorry to hear of JDH’s household troubles.

Will try to get a couple of flowers of Leschenaultia to send him.

"What a good case that of the Cameroons"; the 4000ft [elevation] is much to CD’s "private satisfaction".

Sends JDH a copy of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 May [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3541

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 May [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 149 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 May [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … G.  Bronn, 25 April [1862] . See …
  • … letter from Hugh Falconer, 7 May [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Hugh Falconer, [8 May 1862] . Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) …
  • … records that CD was in London from 6 to 9 May 1862. Charles Lyell. …
  • … Hooker’s home had recently been burgled (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] ). …
  • … In his letter of [5 May 1862], Hooker mentioned that he hoped to invite William Erasmus …
  • … also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [8 May 1862] . From January 1857 until January 1859, Miss …
  • … 445–50). Orchids was offered for sale on 15 May 1862 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  112). For CD’s …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix IV. See letter from H.  G.  Bronn, 27 March 1862 , and letter to H.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [14 May 1862] in DAR 219.1: 231), and was thus a neighbour …
  • … Harriet Hooker. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] . The discovery of temperate plants at heights as low as 4000 ft …

To Hugh Falconer   14 November [1862]

Summary

Comments on HF’s paper on Plagiaulax from the Purbeck beds. Paper "dreadfully severe" on Owen.

"I am worse than ever in bearing any excitement."

Glad HF attacked Australian Mastodon. Never did believe in him.

Mentions Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  14 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 144: 27
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3806

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To Hugh Falconer   14 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 144: 27 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Nov [1862] Hugh Falconer …
  • … condition in Primula ’ . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.  4. CD …
  • … of Linum ’ , between 11 and 21 December 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from Hugh Falconer, 12 November [1862] . Falconer …
  • … sent CD a copy of Falconer 1862  with his letter …
  • … of 12 November [1862]; it was published in the Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Origin : …
  • … of the affinities of Plagiaulax ( Falconer 1862 , pp.  363, 365). In his paper, Falconer …
  • … in dealing with the evidence’ ( Falconer 1862 , p.  350). He stated that he considered …
  • … to Origin in a footnote ( Falconer 1862 , p.  348 n. ), Falconer’s opening sentence …
  • … 3791). In his conclusion ( Falconer 1862 , p.  365), Falconer stated: If …  Plagiaulax be …
  • … before us! See also n.  9, below. See Falconer 1862 , p.  353. CD refers to the functional …
  • … Society of London in which Falconer 1862  appeared (DAR 75: 24), CD noted: Falconer p.   …
  • … see n.  8, above). See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  12. …
  • … letter from Hugh Falconer, 12 November [1862] . Falconer had regretted not seeing CD when …
  • … London on 29 and 30 September (see letter from Hugh Falconer, 4 October 1862 ). See …
  • … letter to John Lubbock, 23 October [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] . At the annual meeting of the …
  • … of Science, held in Cambridge in October  1862, Owen read a paper entitled ‘On a tooth of …
  • … of the meeting in the Parthenon , 11 October 1862, p.  754, stated that, following Owen’s …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 26] November [1862]

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Summary

Discusses differences between Asa Gray’s view and his own on crossing. A common effect is the obliteration of incipient varieties. There is heavy evidence against new characters arising from crossing wild forms, "only intermediate races are then produced". Innate vital forces are somehow led to act differently as a result of direct effect of physical conditions. Astonished by JDH’s statement that every difference might have occurred without selection. CD agrees, but JDH’s manner of putting it astonished him. CD says, "think of each of a thousand seeds bringing forth its plant, and then each a thousand … I cannot even grapple with idea". Responds to JDH’s and Lyell’s feeling that he made too much of a deus ex machina out of natural selection. [Letter actually dated 20 Nov but is certainly after 3831.] [wrong field?]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 26] Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 172
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3834

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [after 26] November [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 172 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 26] Nov [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862  and n.  12. The enclosure has not been found. …
  • … a reply to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 (see n.  2, below). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862  and n.  2. …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20  and 21. On CD’s views respecting …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Hooker’s reply to this letter has not been …
  • … see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Charles Lyell. See letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862  and nn.  8 and 9. The reference has not been traced, but …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] , and letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 25 November 1862 ). Daniel Oliver was librarian at the …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew ( List of the Linnean Society of London 1862). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] and n.  5, and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … Variation 1: 373–411), between 21 December 1862 and 23 January 1863 (see ‘Journal’ ( …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 35 hits

  • … In his letter of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott promised to send CD …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Primula scotica is not dimorphic; in a …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote that …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … pp.  208–9). In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott informed …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ). Scott subsequently offered to send the …
  • … vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ). See also Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , letter from John Scott, [ …
  • … 20 November – 2 December 1862] , and n.  4, below. See CD note, above, in which he records …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). See ‘Fertilization of orchids’ , p.  153 ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letters to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] and …
  • … 19 November [1862]). …
  • … In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott described his success …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Scott refers to chapter 8 of Origin (pp.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19  December [1862] , for CD’s interest in the ‘relation of …
  • … and Laelia was an example. See also ibid. , letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]. In his letter of 26–7 January 1863, Isaac Anderson-Henry described a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and [20 …
  • … November – 2 December 1862]). See also n.  3, above. Scott described this and further …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD had suggested …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ), Scott later published a paper on dimorphism …
  • … CUL. In his letter of 19 December [1862] (see Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that …
  • … Scott experiment with peloric flowers. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … Scott 1863b). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . In …
  • … his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( ibid. ), CD suggested that Scott repeat the experiments conducted by …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD offered ‘ …
  • … horticultural Society of Madras on 12 March 1862, it was decided to re-engage Robert N.   …

To John Scott   12 November [1862]

Summary

Discusses whether or not "male" Acropera bear fruit. JS’s interpretation of Acropera pollination is ingenious. Pollen-tubes of some cleistogamous flowers germinate in the anthers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3805

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To John Scott   12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov [1862] John Scott …
  • … E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … year is established by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. …
  • … Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 and nn.  2, 3, and 7. Orchids , p.   …
  • … Oxalis acetosella , made in May and June 1862, are preserved in DAR 111: 3–5, 44. See also …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] , letter to W.   …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862]

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Summary

Wrote a "frightful screed" about aristocracy’s being a necessary consequence of natural selection, and then burnt it.

H. W. Bates is the only man "thinking out" natural selection to any purpose. "I think I have driven Bates back to Nat. Sel. as the only way of solving his difficulties."

HWB’s mimetic butterflies.

JDH wishes he had time to do the same thing with plants.

Owen and Huxley involved in a "contemptible" squabble in the Edinburgh newspapers.

Maximovitch reports Stellaria bulbifera is a Siberian form which never ripens its seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 14; DAR 111: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3430

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862] …
  • … 14; DAR 111: 93 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Forms of flowers , p.  310, and OED ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] (see n.   …
  • … 9, below) and 9 February [1862]. Hooker and CD had light-heartedly discussed the …
  • … aristocracy (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ). CD had offered Henry Walter Bates financial …
  • … In his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] , CD requested information concerning a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . Maximowicz 1859, p.  58; see also Bentham  …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] ). The plates published with Bates 1862a …
  • … W.  Robinson ( Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23 (1862): tabs.  55 and 56). …
  • … Bates initiated a flourishing correspondence in 1862, which is partly reproduced in Edward …
  • … about natural selection on 2 February 1862 (see ibid. , pp. l–liii, and the enclosure …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] ). Many of the extant letters between Bates …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] , CD confessed shame at the ‘demoniacal’ …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 16 January and 6 February 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings …
  • … of the Linnean Society 6 (1862): lvii, lix). See n.  9, below. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 January 1862 , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 February [1862] . This note is on the verso of the last page of the letter. …

From J. D. Hooker   2 July 1862

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Summary

Will see to Masdevallia and Bonatea.

Domestic matters.

Lyell’s health.

CD’s eczema.

Hopes CD will solve the mystery of Melastoma.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 44–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3636

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   2 July 1862
  • … DAR 101: 44–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 2 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] . Hooker refers to his father, William Jackson Hooker. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  14; William Hugh Gower was a foreman …
  • … Kew. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  15; CD was hoping to obtain a …
  • … s account of his wife’s ill health, see the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 and …
  • … 19 [June 1862]. Marion Bell. Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell resided …
  • … The Lyells had travelled to Florence in May 1862, following the death there of Mary Lyell’ …
  • … ed.  1881, 2: 343). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  12. See letter …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … about the state of his household, see the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862], 9  …
  • … June 1862, 19 [ …
  • … June 1862], and …
  • … 28 June 1862. The Hookers were planning a trip to Switzerland in the hope that Frances …
  • … might recover her health (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 28 June 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). Walter Hayle Walshe was professor of the principles and …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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