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From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1862

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Summary

Wife’s health better.

Visited Duke of Argyll.

Thanks CD for Cruciferae diagram; will ponder it.

Staggered by complexity of Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 56–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3725

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 September 1862
  • … DAR 101: 56–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Joseph. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … The Hookers had left Kew for Scotland on 23 August 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] and n.  8. Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 ). Staffa is an uninhabited island, in the …
  • … on Herring , p.  145). In their report of 1862, the commissioners rejected the claims …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Report of the Royal Commission on Herring : …
  • … entitled ‘The supernatural’ that appeared in the Edinburgh Review for October 1862 ( [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ). There is a copy of Argyll’s review in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … board HMS Erebus . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . The reference has not been traced. Hooker was preparing …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). Daniel Oliver was an assistant in the …
  • … See also letter from Daniel Oliver, 4 September 1862 . Hooker refers to the wedding of …
  • … Hooker, to James Campbell, in Glasgow on 4 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 ( 1862): 488). Hooker spent most of his childhood in Glasgow, where from 1820, his …
  • … the university ( Allan 1967 ). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] . …
  • … In 1862, the British Association for the Advancement of Science held its annual meeting in …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 October 1862] ). Catherine and George Downing Liveing. …
  • … Scotland between 8 August and 16 September 1862, in his capacity as a member of the Royal …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 October 1862]

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Summary

Has sent two Impatiens flowers; curious to know what CD makes of the floral whorls and their vascular bundles.

Cassia is another genus that has different [coloured] anthers in same flower.

Continues to work on Welwitschia.

Feels as CD does about his work, which after a time seems flat and stale. He could never have done what CD did in his Orchids.

CD’s facts about Verbascum have horrible bearing on JDH’s practice of lumping species together.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 59–60, 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3757

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 October 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 59–60, 86 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Oct 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … exchanges, see his letter to CD of 9 October 1862. The phrase is used to describe one who …
  • … seeks an argument ( OED ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . …
  • … relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and by reference to a note …
  • … in DAR 205.8: 4, dated 14 October 1862, which records some of the observations made in …
  • … de Lassus 1861 . In his letter of 26 September [1862], CD had asked Hooker for his opinion …
  • … in the insectivorous plant Drosera. Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862]. In …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  13. See n.  12, above. See also letter to J.  D.   …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] . Hooker refers to Thomas Henry Huxley and …
  • … between humans and anthropoid apes, at the 1862 meeting of the British Association, held …
  • … his letter to Hooker of [18 September 1862], CD asked Hooker to send him ‘2 or 3 single …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 22 [August 1862], CD requested information about species in …
  • … is a note in DAR 205.8: 4, dated 14 October 1862, which records Hooker’s identification of …
  • … D.  Hooker 1863a). In his letter of 16 September 1862, Hooker informed CD that he intended …
  • … to display the plant at the 1862 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . Hooker alludes to William Shakespeare’s …
  • … spent in preparing Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] , and the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . In a section of J.   D.  Hooker 1853 , which is headed ‘ …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix VI, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] , and letter to …

From J. D. Hooker   2 November 1862

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s five forms of Lythrum.

Asa Gray busy with Cypripedium. JDH offers some to CD if he wants to challenge Gray.

J. W. Dawson’s review of JDH’s paper on Arctic plants.

Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s views on Basque and Finnish language [Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left behind after the glacial period, like the Arctic plants!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 66–7, 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3792

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   2 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 66–7, 70 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 2 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1863a and Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. The Philosophical Club of the Royal …
  • … Bibliography Bonaparte, Louis Lucien. 1862. Langue Basque et langues Finnoises. London. …
  • … Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left …
  • … but see the letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] and n.  12, and the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  9. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 27 [October 1862], CD mentioned that Oliver had promised to …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sheets-Pyenson, Susan. 1992. Index to the …
  • … of Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s privately printed pamphlet ( Bonaparte 1862 ) appeared in the …
  • … Athenæum , 1 November 1862, pp.  559–61. In J.  D.  Hooker 1861a, Hooker sought to explain …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  13 and 14. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  5 and 6. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker 27 [October 1862]. During the summer, Asa Gray had carried out at …
  • … sending CD his notes on the subject (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20  June [1862] and …
  • … 1 July [1862]). In …
  • … a letter to Hooker of 13 October 1862, which is at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa …
  • … also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Gray reviewed Hooker’s paper …
  • … in a letter to Gray of 19 September 1862, which is preserved at the Gray Herbarium of …
  • … to Hooker with his own letter of 15 October 1862, which is at the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … Christian Association of Montreal in February 1862 (Dawson 1862a). No copy of Dawson 1862a …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 July 1862]

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Summary

Wife’s health improved by trip.

Heer’s collections convince JDH that Miocene vegetation was Himalayan, not American, as Heer supposed.

Zurich promises to be a good natural history school.

Review of Natural History Review in Parthenon [1 (1862): 373–5].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 70: 171, DAR 101: 48–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3665

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [24 July 1862] …
  • … Dalton Hooker University of London, Burlington House [24 July 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … natural history school. Review of Natural History Review in Parthenon [1 (1862): 373–5]. …
  • … in Switzerland; the Hookers were abroad from 4 to 23 July 1862 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 July 1862 and …
  • … 10 July 1862). The letter …
  • … was written on a Thursday; 24 July 1862 fell on a Thursday. Hooker had taken his wife, …
  • … hope that she might recover her health (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, 28 June 1862, 2  …
  • … July 1862, and …
  • … 10 July 1862). Walter Hood Fitch was a botanical artist at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. …
  • … s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , letters to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862], 9  …
  • … July [1862], and [after …
  • … 14 July 1862], and letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862]). …
  • … ed.  1918, 1: 537; Medical directory (1862): 200). University College London was one of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1862 , and L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 1: 401–2). In …
  • … Hooker refers to the number for July 1862. Daniel Oliver was one of the botanical editors …
  • … Natural History Review in the Parthenon 1 (1862): 373–5. The reviewer welcomed the journal …

From W. E. Darwin   5 August 1862

Summary

Has read CD’s long letter on Lythrum and agrees with it. Is examining the pollen of the different types.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3683

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   5 August 1862
  • … 32 bis, DAR 162: 92 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 5 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Oxford: Clarendon Press. Trollope, Anthony. 1862. Orley Farm. 2 vols. London: Chapman and …
  • … also letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  7. William’s letter has not …
  • … in a letter to William of [9 August 1862] (DAR 219.1: 61). The diagrams in the enclosure …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and nn.  6 and 7. CD refers to Francis and …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). CD had questioned William’s …
  • … the other two forms (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862]). The reference is to Lythrum hyssopifolia (see letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  9). See enclosure. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  8. Orley …
  • … in monthly shilling parts between March 1861 and October  1862 ( J.  N.  Hall 1991 , …
  • … p.  560); it was published in book form in 1862 ( …
  • … Trollope 1862 ). The letter from Emma Darwin has not been found. Susan Elizabeth Darwin …
  • … with her (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] ). See also letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  3. Muddiford is near Bournemouth in Hampshire. …
  • … the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , asking William to inquire about ‘quiet sea …
  • … area for a holiday (see letter to H.  C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). In the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862], CD asked William to examine at least 100 plants of Lythrum …

To G. H. K. Thwaites   20 June [1862]

Summary

Asks for information concerning heterostyled and dioecious plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Kendrick Thwaites
Date:  20 June [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.280)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3613

Matches: 16 hits

  • … To G.  H.  K.  Thwaites   20 June [1862] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.280) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 June [1862] George Henry Kendrick Thwaites …
  • … H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 May 1862. Charles Justin MacCarthy was the governor of Ceylon. See ‘ …
  • … relationship to the letter from G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 May 1862. Letter from G.  H.   …
  • … K.  Thwaites, 15 May 1862, and letter to G.  H.   …
  • … K.  Thwaites, 15 June [1862] . …
  • … In his letter of 15 May 1862, Thwaites reported that he had just read CD’s paper, ‘ …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] and n.  3). See also letter from G.   …
  • … H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 May 1862, CD annotations. For CD’s interest in …
  • … Viola and Oxalis , see also the letters to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] and …
  • … 15 April [1862], the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] , and the letter to …
  • … Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] . See the enclosure to the letter from G.   …
  • … was dimorphic (see letter to C.  C.  Babington, 20 January [1862] , and letter from C.   …
  • … W.  Crocker, 13 March 1862 ); he had recently acquired a short-styled specimen from the …

To C. C. Babington   2 September [1862]

Summary

Can CCB get Lythrum hyssopifolium seeds?

Hottonia splendidly dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Cardale Babington
Date:  2 Sept [1862]
Classmark:  CUL (Add 8182)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3707

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To C.  C.  Babington   2 September [1862] …
  • … CUL (Add 8182) Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth 2 Sept [1862] Charles Cardale Babington …
  • … C. , and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix II)). See letter from C.  C.  Babington, 17 January 1862. …
  • … At the end of July 1862, CD had begun crossing experiments on the trimorphic plant, …
  • … see letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] and n.  6). Having learned from his reading of …
  • … several correspondents (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 September 1862], letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862], and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to CD of 17 January 1862, Babington had noted that Hottonia was dimorphic; CD …
  • … the plant early in August (see letters from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [before 4 August 1862] and [ …
  • … 6 August 1862], letter to K.  E.  S. , L.   …

To J. D. Hooker   6 October [1862]

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Summary

Thanks for opinion on Drosera. After working for a time on a subject he is absolutely incapable of judging its value.

Has found a case in Lythrum of a necessary triple alliance between three hermaphrodites; the strangest case of propagation recorded among plants or animals.

Asks for L. thymifolia to see how a trimorphic form passes or graduates into dimorphic.

Questions JDH on Linum perenne.

Has found 33 hybrids in one field between Verbascum thapsus and V. lychnitis. The perfect series of varieties would have justified running the species together, but every one of the intermediate forms is sterile.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 164
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3753

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   6 October [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 164 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Oct [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … s response to CD’s letter of 26 September [1862] has not been found. CD’s work on the …
  • … at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letters to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862], 2  …
  • … September [1862], and [ …
  • … 17 September 1862]. There are dated notes from …
  • … CD’s experiments with Lythrum salicaria during the summer of 1862 in DAR 27.2. …
  • … plant (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4). In consequence, he searched …
  • … on this subject, dated 4, 6, and 16 October 1862, are in DAR 108: 3–4; he reported his …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: On the …
  • … See letters to Daniel Oliver, 14 September [1862] and n.   …
  • … 3, and [17 September 1862] and n.  3. Vaucher 1841 , 2: 371. ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … had intended to display the plant at the 1862 meeting of the British Association for the …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862 ). The reference is to one of Frances …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and n.  4). CD had suggested to Oliver …
  • … the Natural History Review (see letter to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 28 July 1862 ). In the event, Hooker wrote the review ([J.  D.   …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 ). CD refers to the botanical bibliography …
  • … out crossing experiments in the summer of 1862 on L.  perenne and L.  grandiflorum ; the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] and n.  16). See also Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, in May 1862, for use in CD’s experiments on the possible …
  • … in the Melastomataceae (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  3). …
  • … There are notes dated 2 October 1862 in DAR 205.8: 54, which record the results …
  • … experiments carried out in June and July 1862 on a specimen from Kew of the melastomaceous …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [August 1862]

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Summary

Lythrum. Wants to examine fresh flowers of Lythraceae. Lythrum salicaria has interested him very much.

Microscopes.

Asks whether JDH can think of plants that have different coloured anthers or pollen in same flowers (as in Melastoma) or on same and in different plants as in Lythrum. Would be a safe guide to dimorphism.

Observation of action of pollen in Linum grandiflorum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Aug 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 162
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3696

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   22 [August 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 162 Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 22 [Aug 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862. Having recently returned from a holiday in …
  • … to leave for a three-week trip to Scotland on 23 August 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). Emma and Leonard Darwin were both …
  • … see letter to John Lubbock, 21 August [1862] ). While travelling to Bournemouth for a …
  • … CD’s interest in this question, see also the letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.   …
  • … 13, the letter to Asa Gray, 21 August [1862] and n.  5, and Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . The reference is to T.  H.  Huxley 1863a. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45– 63. ] Forms …
  • … see letter to John Lubbock, 21 August [1862] ). They did not continue their journey until …
  • … 1995 , p.  433). See letter from T.  W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. Daniel Oliver. For CD’ …
  • … see, for example, the letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] , the letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, [2–3 August 1862], and the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and n.  12. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and n.  6. CD refers to the establishment of the …
  • … In the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] , CD asked for details of ‘the simple …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [17 May 1862] . CD refers to Smith, Beck & Beck, instrument …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ). In Lythrum salicaria , the filaments and …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862]). In Forms of flowers , p.  244, CD noted …
  • … failure of the pollen to emit pollen-tubes, in the letters to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]. He described these observations in detail in ‘Two forms in species of …

To W. E. Darwin   [2–3 August 1862]

Summary

Discusses Lythrum, "a really wonderful case"; asks WED to make observations and collect specimens; sends a diagram which shows what crosses he believes are fertile.

Would like George to watch bees visiting the flowers; wants some pods from different forms to compare shapes and count seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [2-3 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 70, DAR 210.6: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3678

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [2–3 August 1862] …
  • … 185: 70, DAR 210.6: 102 Charles Robert Darwin Down [2-3 Aug 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862, 2  …
  • … August [1862], and …
  • … 5 August 1862. The letter …
  • … was written on Saturday and Sunday; 2 August 1862 fell on Saturday. See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 . The reference is to CD’s sister, Susan Elizabeth …
  • … In a letter to William of [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59), Emma Darwin reported that ‘ …
  • … on the insects visiting orchids (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and nn.  7–9). The following year, CD made his …
  • … write to invite her. See enclosure. See letters from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 and …
  • … 2 August [1862]. William examined and classified …
  • … specimens from 102 plants of Lythrum salicaria on 6 August 1862 (see letter from W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 5 August 1862 ); CD cited his results, along with those given in the letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , in ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , p.  174 ( …
  • … Darwin arrived in Southampton on a visit to William on 2 August 1862 (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). There are camera lucida drawings …
  • … forms of Lythrum salicaria , all with August 1862 dates, in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 27–32 bis. …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 August  1862 . Although CD referred to William’s drawings …
  • … letter to H.  C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). See also ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … and letter to W.  E.  Darwin [24 July 1862]). During the latter part of Leonard’s illness, …
  • … 1915) 2: 178; see also letter to W.  E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  8). See letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 2 August [1862] . In June, George Darwin had made a series of …

To John Murray   18 [June 1862]

Summary

Superb, but exaggerated, review [of Orchids, by M. J. Berkeley] in London Review [& wkly J. Polit. 4 (1862): 553–4]. Asa Gray thinks almost as highly. "I have not been a fool, as I thought I was, to publish." The Athenæum review will hinder sales greatly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  18 [June 1862]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 123)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3609

Matches: 13 hits

  • … To John Murray   18 [June 1862] …
  • … Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 123) Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 [June 1862] John Murray …
  • … in London Review [ & wkly J. Polit. 4 (1862): 553–4]. Asa Gray thinks almost as highly. "I …
  • … of reviews (DAR 226.1: 87). See letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . CD refers to the critical review of Orchids …
  • … by John R.  Leifchild in the Athenæum , 24 May 1862, p.  691. …
  • … Bibliography [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review and …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to John Murray, 13 June [1862] , and to the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] (see n.  2, below). CD had asked Murray whether he …
  • … review proposed by Asa Gray (see letter to John Murray, 13 June [1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). Miles Joseph Berkeley wrote an anonymous review of …
  • … Politics, Arts and Science ( [Berkeley] 1862 ). CD wrote ‘Rev J.  M. Berkeley’ on a copy …

To J. D. Hooker   30 [June 1862]

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Summary

Remembers JDH’s encouragement when he was "utterly weary of life".

Marvellous about European forms in Fernando Po.

C. V. Naudin will publish a book on hybridity ["Nouvelles recherches sur l’hybridité dans les végétaux", Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 1 (1865): 25–176; part also in Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) (1863)].

CD fears Naudin has underestimated distribution of pollen by insects.

Melastomatous plants are ready for his work on meaning of two sets of anthers.

Very curious about Masdevallia.

George [Darwin] observing orchids.

Adaptation of Herminium beats almost every other orchid.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 157
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3628

Matches: 22 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 [June 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 157 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [June 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … the letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ). He later published them in ‘Fertilization …
  • … Bibliography [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review and …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 . CD refers to the letter in which Hooker reported on the …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ; see also Allen 1967, p.  208). Switzerland …
  • … L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 431). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862  and n.  9. …
  • … The first part of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130). Thomas Henry Huxley was ‘crippled by neuralgic …
  • … he left for a holiday in Switzerland on 1 July 1862 (L.  Huxley ed.  1900, 1: 234). …
  • … See also letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 May 1862 . Naudin 1863 . See letter from …
  • … C.  V.  Naudin, 26 June 1862 . In the account of some of Naudin’s hybridisation …
  • … a series of notes made between 20 and 27 June 1862; these notes are in DAR 70: 13–14, 30, …
  • … the German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862, pp.  22 n. , 47–8 n. , and 52 n. ; …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Stearn, William T. 1956. Bentham and Hooker’ …
  • … Politics, Arts, and Science ( [Berkeley] 1862 ). Hooker identified Berkeley as the author …
  • … in the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 . CD refers to Hooker’s father, William …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ). Hooker planned to take Frances Harriet …
  • … were about to flower (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). CD’s notes from crossing experiments with specimens of the …
  • … see letter from E.  A.  Parkes, 29 June 1862 ). William Hugh Gower was a foreman at the …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 May 1862]

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Summary

Sends two flowers of Vanilla and two Melastomataceae.

Has worked on Cameroon list ["Mountain flowering plants and ferns of the Cameroons", in Burton, Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountains (1863) 2: 270–7]

and Genera plantarum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3574

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [29 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 37 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [29 May 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reports by the juries ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and nn.  7 and 8. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office directory of the six home …
  • … relationship to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 May 1862 , and to the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ; the intervening Thursday fell on 29 May. Although Orchids had …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 April 1862] and n.  2); CD’ s notes on the specimens …
  • … in J.  D.  Hooker 1863b. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and nn.  3 and …
  • … 5. Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. The International …
  • … in South Kensington, London, on 1 May 1862. Hooker was a member of the jury for class 4, …
  • … by the juries : International Exhibition, 1862. Reports by the juries on the subjects in …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1862). Earlier in May, CD had asked Hooker for …
  • … that were about to flower (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and [ …
  • … 18 May 1862]). There are observational notes on specimens …
  • … melastomaceous species Rhexia glandulosa (dated 1 June 1862) and Centradenia floribunda ( …
  • … dated 31 May 1862) in DAR 205.8: 14 r.  and 19 r. Hooker was compiling a list of the …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [November 1862]

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Summary

A German scholar says JDH first applied natural selection to replacement of races of men, the ruder races of Polynesians yielding to civilised Europeans. CD cannot remember reading this.

Warns JDH to take care Welwitschia does not turn into a case of barnacles and consume years instead of months.

In what months do flowers appear in Acropera loddigesia and A. luteola? CD is alarmed by John Scott’s observations on them, which differ from his own. "I am very uneasy."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3812

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   18 [November 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 170 Charles Robert Darwin Down 18 [Nov 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1836 . See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 November 1862  and n.  5. Samuel Haughton. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 November 1862 . CD refers to Richard Francis Burton and Gustav Mann. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 12 November 1862  and nn.  7  …
  • … Büchner, Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig. 1862. Aus Natur und Wissenschaft. Studien, …
  • … Leipzig. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … and 8. Büchner 1862 , pp.  249–50; there is a copy of this work in the Darwin Library– …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … letter to Ludwig Büchner, 17 November [1862] . Hooker was preparing a monograph on the …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 ). In a letter that is now missing (L.  Huxley …
  • … correspondence (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ). …
  • … Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. ‘Tincture of Iodine’ is used to check for the …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and n.  12. CD wished to compare a seed- …
  • … orchid tribe to which Vanda belongs (see letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ; there is an annotated copy of this publication in the Darwin Pamphlet …

To J. D. Hooker   14 March [1862]

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Summary

Thinks JDH is a bit hard on Asa Gray.

Bates’s letter is that of a true thinker. Asks to see JDH’s to Bates. Point raised in it is most difficult. "There is one clear line of distinction; – when many parts of structure as in woodpecker show distinct adaptation to external bodies, it is preposterous to attribute them to effect of climate etc. – but when a single point, alone, as a hooked seed, it is conceivable that it may thus have arisen." His study of orchids shows nearly all parts of the flower co-adapted for fertilisation by insects and therefore the result of natural selection. Mormodes ignea "is a prodigy of adaptation".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 150
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3472

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 March [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 150 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Mar [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1905. My life: a …
  • … s return to England (see n.  12, below). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862]. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 . The photograph was apparently enclosed with the …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [10 March 1862] : CD wrote ‘Photograph’ at the top of that …
  • … the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 17 March 1862 . See the enclosure to the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . See the enclosure to the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] . CD had for some time been anxious to discover the mechanism …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [before 15 February 1862] and n.  3). In Orchids , p.  249 and n. , CD …
  • … parts. ’ See also letter from D.  F.  Nevill, [ c. 14 March 1862] and n.  3. Oliver 1862b. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] and n.  10. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) and the …
  • … letter to H.  W. Bates, 16 April [1862] , Hooker stayed with the Darwins …
  • … from 17 to 21 April 1862. Frances Harriet Hooker. John and Ellen Frances Lubbock. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] . In her Autobiography (DAR 246), Henrietta …
  • … arrived back in England in the spring of 1862, having spent eight years in the Malay …
  • … with the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] , a list of specimens he needed for …

From J. B. Innes   19 February [1862]

Summary

Reports on a bird, offspring of a male mule between a canary and greenfinch, and a hen canary.

Family news.

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 167.1: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3454

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From J.  B.  Innes   19 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 167.1: 8 John Brodie Innes Milton Brodie 19 Feb [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Innes. The International Exhibition opened at South Kensington on 1 May 1862 ( The Times , …
  • … 2 May 1862, pp.  11–12). Regular descriptions …
  • … plans for the exhibition appeared in the London papers throughout the first half of 1862. …
  • … Post Office directory of the six home counties 1862). Innes, who was the incumbent of the …
  • … home, Milton Brodie, near Forres, Scotland, in January 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … B.  Innes, 2 January [1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … B. Innes, [3] January [1862] ). CD reported that three of his sons were ill in bed in …
  • … the letter to J.  B.  Innes, [3] January [1862] . Subsequently, many more members of the …
  • … with influenza (see letter to John Lubbock, 23 January [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … B.  Innes, 24 February [1862] ). Innes refers to his son, John William Brodie Innes. …
  • … to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), Charlotte Langton died on 2 January 1862. Her death …
  • … was announced in The Times , 6 January 1862, p.  1. Innes refers to his wife, Eliza …

From J. D. Hooker   28 June 1862

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Summary

M. J. Berkeley wrote London Review & Wkly J. Polit. article.

CD is "out of sight the best physiological observer and experimenter that Botany ever saw".

Laments how much he [JDH] missed when doing the Listera ["Functions and structure of the rostellum of Listera ovata", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 144 (1854): 259–64].

Illness of wife and father.

"More plants from Fernando Po and more European".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 42–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3624

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   28 June 1862
  • … DAR 101: 42–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 28 June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the juries ). Charles Victor Naudin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] . …
  • … Bibliography [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review and …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . [ …
  • … Berkeley] 1862 . See …
  • … also letter to John Murray, 18 [June 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . J.  D.  Hooker 1854a. In Orchids , p.  139, at the beginning …
  • … edition of Origin (p.  445). See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] and n.  6. …
  • … At the International Exhibition of 1862, Hooker was a member of the jury for class 4, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … by the juries : International Exhibition, 1862. Reports by the juries on the subjects in …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] ). Frances Harriet Hooker’s father, John …
  • … visited Switzerland in the summer of 1862 in order to examine the sites of prehistoric …
  • … Add. Ms.  62679: 64 r. ), and letter from John Lubbock, 23 August 1862 ). The first …
  • … part of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130). In a paper read before the Linnean Society of …

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1862]

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray’s letter. Disappointed with Gray. Comments on America. British–American relations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 20–2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3469

Matches: 28 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [10 March 1862] …
  • … 2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [10 Mar 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] and n.  4). Hooker had repeated his promise …
  • … of Lythrum in the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 . See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and …
  • … 14 March [1862]. The only …
  • … Monday between these dates fell on 10 March 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See …
  • … letter from Francis Boott, 27 January 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa …
  • … 1861 (see letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] , n.  9). The bishop of Oxford, Samuel …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 31 January 1862 ). The reference is to High and Low Church …
  • … in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] . Daniel Oliver had delivered a lecture …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 7 March 1862 (Oliver 1862a). In an article published in …
  • … Medical Service, held at Chelsea Hospital in March 1862. Hooker served for many years as a …
  • … on natural history, held on 11 March 1862 ( Statistical, Sanitary, and Medical Reports …
  • … 1860, p.  488). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and n.  10. Bates 1863 . …
  • … s letter to H.  W.  Bates of 2 February 1862, see the enclosure to the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] . Bates displayed his collection of …
  • … butterflies to the Linnean Society on 16 January 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (Botany) 6 (1862): lviii). His paper on the butterflies (Bates  …
  • … in the society’s Transactions in November 1862 (see Raphael 1970 , p.  76). Origin , p.   …
  • … Hooker, in his reply to Bates of 18 March 1862, informed him that Bentham had not kept a …
  • … reported in his letter to Bates of 2 February 1862 that he had long denied ‘that tropical …
  • … covering’ (see the enclosure to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] ). In …
  • … his reply to Bates of 18 March 1862, Hooker stated: ‘I do not think I have anywhere …
  • … see letter from H.  W.  Bates, 6 January 1862  and nn.  5–7). Hooker apparently enclosed a …

From Daniel Oliver   14 April 1862

Summary

Discusses primrose ovules,

Atlantis paper [Nat. Hist. Rev. (1862): 149–70],

plant migrations;

Corydalis.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Apr 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 54–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3722

Matches: 14 hits

  • … From Daniel Oliver   14 April 1862
  • … DAR 101: 54–5 Daniel Oliver Kew 14 Apr 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … ovules, Atlantis paper [ Nat. Hist. Rev. (1862): 149–70], plant migrations; Corydalis . …
  • … organs, which are never wholly separated. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] . …
  • … Kew G. Monday.  14. IV . 1862 My dear Sir How very kind you are to write me at such …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Rehbock, …
  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] . Walter Hood Fitch, a botanical artist at …
  • … see letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ). Oliver had observed a difference in the …
  • … of that described by Oliver (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ). Oliver refers to the manuscript of his review of …
  • … See letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . Oliver refers to Brongniart 1839. In [ …
  • … letter to Daniel Oliver, 15 April [1862] ). Oliver repeated his observations, apparently …
  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] . Oliver refers to those who, like Louis …
  • … specimens of Primula farinosa (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862  and n.  9). …

To Asa Gray   21 April [1862]

Summary

Is sending first half of orchid book.

Feels he is wrong about Melastoma.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (65)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3513

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   21 April [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (65) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Apr [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … publication of Orchids (see n.  5, below). See letters from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and …
  • … 31 March [1862]. The reference is to the …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] ). See also n.  4, below. CD and Gray shared the …
  • … probably Joseph Trimble Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  6). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . CD had asked Gray to carry out …
  • … some observations on Rhexia in the letters to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] and …
  • … 15 March [1862]. …
  • … Mill 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  8. …
  • … Hooker was a guest at Down House from 17 to 21 April 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 1861 ). Orchids was published on 15 May 1862 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  112). The penultimate …
  • … American Civil War during the spring of 1862—at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, Tennessee, …
  • … McPherson 1988 , pp.  392–414). On 6 March 1862, President Abraham Lincoln asked the …
  • … adopted Lincoln’s resolution on 10 April 1862 ( Curry 1968 ). In the letter to Asa Gray, …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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