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To John Lubbock   23 January [1862]

Summary

Has had 16 in the household ill.

Wants to meet JL.

Praises JL’s paper ["Ancient lake-habitations of Switzerland", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 26–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  23 Jan [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 263
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3409

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To John Lubbock   23 January [1862] …
  • … F. Lubbock to Emma Darwin, [January 1862]. …
  • … DAR 263 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Jan [1862] John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron …
  • … s paper ["Ancient lake-habitations of Switzerland", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 26–51]. …
  • … Lubbock 1862a (see letter from John Lubbock, 6 January 1862  and n.  2). Lubbock 1862b. …
  • … Darwin stayed in London from 23 to 25 January 1862 in order to take Leonard Darwin to the …
  • … Hutchinson 1914 ; Gentleman’s Magazine , n.s.  12 (1862): 82). See also letter from E.   …
  • … the letter from John Lubbock, 6 January 1862 , and by the reference to Emma Darwin’s trip …
  • … weeks (see letter from E.  F.  Lubbock to Emma Darwin, [January 1862], and letters from …
  • … John Lubbock, 6 January 1862 and …
  • … 7 [February] 1862). Lubbock had asked CD for comments on the manuscript …

To H. G. Bronn   11 July 1862

Summary

Sends additional notes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Date:  11 July 1862
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (MS Lowell Autograph File 83)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3652

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To H.  G.  Bronn    11 July 1862
  • … MS Lowell Autograph File 83) Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 July 1862 Heinrich Georg Bronn …
  • … as in the case of Mormodes ignea. July 1862 p.  324 (3 lines from bottom) Orchids* [ …
  • … not compounded of three or four granules. July 1862 Dear sir | Yours truly obliged | Ch. …
  • … CD had not yet learned that on 5 July 1862 Bronn had died suddenly of a heart attack (see …
  • … sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). Immediately prior to his death, Bronn had been …
  • … German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862), and had sent CD a list of queries (see …
  • … letter from H.  G.  Bronn, 21 June 1862 ). In his reply ( letter to H.   …
  • … G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ), CD sent a number of corrections and additions to be …
  • … in Lindley 1853 . CD’ s notes, dated 30 May 1862, on a specimen of Vanilla sent to him by …
  • … Vanilla’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), and a description from Gray of Pogonia …
  • … CD’s notes on which, dated 23 June [1862], describe the pollen as consisting of a ‘ single …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … given here were included in Bronn trans.  1862, pp.  163 n. and 198 n. CD misspelled ‘ …
  • … which CD described in notes dated 9 July 1862 (DAR 70: 103–4); these notes were headed ‘ …

To W. E. Darwin   4 [November 1862]

Summary

Discusses a crossing experiment.

Has been counting the seeds in pods [of Lythrum?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  4 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3682

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   4 [November 1862] …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  11. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 105 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 [Nov 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] , and by reference to dated notes by CD and William, …
  • … pollinated by insects, is in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 53, dated 17 October 1862. CD’s results …
  • … from the crosses made with this species in 1862 are also recorded in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2). …
  • … near Southampton (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] ). …
  • … On 2 November 1862, William recorded in his Botanical notebook (DAR 117: 50) that he had …
  • … shrivelled on the convex side’. In October 1862, William had sent his father pods of each …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and nn.   2 and 3). CD’s tally of the seeds …

To Thomas Campbell Eyton   12 [May 1861 – April 1863]

Summary

Thanks TCE for telling him of his crossed pigs. When they are grown, he would like to know whether they resemble each other.

Doubts the half-bred Gallus sonnerati will be productive, though he was assured many years ago that such a fertile half-breed once occurred.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  12 [May 1861 - Apr 1863]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13804

Matches: 14 hits

  • … 12 July 1861 12 Aug 1861 12 Sept 1861 12 Oct 1861 12 Nov 1861 12 Dec 1861 12 Jan 1862 12 …
  • … Feb 1862 12 …
  • … Mar 1862 12 …
  • … Apr 1862 12 …
  • … May 1862 12 …
  • … June 1862 12 …
  • … July 1862 12 …
  • … Aug 1862 12 …
  • … Sept 1862 12 …
  • … Oct 1862 12 …
  • … Nov 1862 12 …
  • … Dec 1862 12 Jan 1863 12 Feb 1863 12 Mar 1863 12 Apr 1863 Thomas Campbell Eyton …
  • … years ago’ (see also n.  3, below). In 1862, hybrids of G.  sonneratii and G.  bankiva ( …
  • … 10, letter from T.  C.  Eyton, [after 19 May 1862? ]; the ‘jungle fowl’ mentioned in that …

From J. D. Hooker   3 March 1862

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Summary

Had it not been for CD, JDH would never have written such papers as his one on Arctic flora. The "evulgation" of CD’s views is the purest pleasure he derives from them.

He too is staggered that Greenland ought to have been depopulated during the glacial period. Absence of Caltha is fatal to its re-population by chance migration.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 17–19
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3465

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   3 March 1862
  • … DAR 101: 17–19 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 3 Mar 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 ; CD’s letter has not been found. Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker 1861a. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … investigation (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ). …
  • … Lewis 1862 . Chapter 6 is entitled ‘Early history and chronology of the Egyptians’. …
  • … Bibliography Lewis, George Cornewall. 1862. Historical survey of the astronomy of the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Rogers, Mary Eliza. [1861. ] Domestic life …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] . CD requested a specimen of the orchid Masdevallia …
  • … experiment in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] . See also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 . He had come across the ‘magnificent case’ of trimorphism in …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …

To J. D. Hooker   3 November [1862]

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Summary

Requests reference to Jules Planchon’s monograph on Linum [Lond. J. Bot. 6 (1847): 588–603; 7 (1848): 165–86, 473–501, 507–28].

Sends list of seeds, including Oxalis, Boraginaceae especially Alkanna.

Asa Gray says JDH wrote reviews of Orchids in Gardeners’ Chronicle.

His experiments amuse him after dull day’s work on vegetables and fruit-trees.

Leschenaultia formosa has exterior stigma, thus eminently requiring insect aid, and thus ensuring crossing almost inevitably.

Asks whether Samuel Haughton at Dublin who made important medical discovery could be the same who reviewed Origin so hostilely [in Nat. Hist. Rev. 7 (1860): 23–32]; if so, he can sneer at and abuse CD to his heart’s content.

Asa Gray as rabid as ever [on Civil War].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3793

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   3 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 171 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Nov [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862 . Frances Harriet Hooker. CD had borrowed a …
  • … from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 27 [October 1862] ). …
  • … was written between 11 and 21 December 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  19). The words ‘in the list’ were …
  • … Candolle had sent him in his letter of 13 June 1862. For CD’s interest in heterostyly in …
  • … Oxalis and Alkanna , see the letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  3. …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . Hooker acknowledged his authorship of the …
  • … review ([J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c) in his letter to CD of 7 November 1862. …
  • … In a letter of 14 September [1862], CD had thanked John Lindley, who was the principal …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  5. The reference is probably to …
  • … 158 n. ). Between 7 October and 11 December 1862, CD wrote a draft section of Variation in …
  • … given here, which are dated 29–31 October 1862, are in DAR 265. CD subsequently published …
  • … on L.  formosa , made during 1860 and 1862, in a letter to the Gardeners’ Chronicle and …
  • … 5). CD told Hooker in his letter of 1 May [1862] that he had discovered the stigma to be …
  • … in that and another species (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] and [ …
  • … 17 May 1862]). CD refers to the Goodeniaceae; for his work on Scaevola , see …
  • … Correspondence vol.  8. Letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 31 October 1862. …
  • … Haughton 1862. Samuel Haughton, professor of geology at Dublin University, was one of the …

From Leonard Jenyns   28 May 1862

Summary

Pleased with CD’s opinion of the Henslow Memoir [L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow (1862)]

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 168: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3573

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From Leonard Jenyns   28 May 1862
  • … DAR 168: 57 Leonard Jenyns/Leonard Blomefield Bath 28 May 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … opinion of the Henslow Memoir [L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow (1862)] …
  • … to Jenyns’s memoir of Henslow ( Jenyns 1862 , pp.  55–7). CD mistakenly believed …
  • … William Hope had moved to Bath (see letter to Leonard Jenyns, 24 January [1862] ). Hope …
  • … died in London on 15 April 1862 ( DNB ). …
  • … See letter to Leonard Jenyns, 24 January [1862] . …
  • … University Press. 1927–96. Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, …
  • … 1. Darlington Place | Bath May 28 th . 1862 My dear Darwin, It was a great pleasure to get …
  • … See letter to Leonard Jenyns, 24 May [1862] . Jenyns refers …
  • … to his memoir of John Stevens Henslow ( Jenyns 1862 ). Henslow was professor of botany at …

From John Scott   6 December [1862]

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Summary

JS not ready to publish on Primula.

Some of his objections to natural selection are based on belief that plants with separate sexes are less variable than those in which sexes are confluent (as in ferns).

Sends his paper on fern varieties [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

Will soon read paper on Drosera irritability [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 17 (1863): 317–18].

How does CD explain capricious distribution of irritability among plants?

P. scotica’s non-dimorphism is native.

Beginning Laelia experiments shortly.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 182a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3847

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From John Scott   6 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 108: 182a–d John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 6 Dec [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27]. Will soon read paper on Drosera …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and nn.  2 and 3. Scott apparently sent …
  • … species of Primula with his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862]. CD refers to …
  • … such a list in a note, dated 3 December 1862, discussing the origins of dimorphism (DAR …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  16. See Scott 1862a, p.  357. …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . One of CD’s objects in Orchids had been …
  • … 1864c, p.  80. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  5. This individual has …
  • … not been identified. See also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  4. Scott read his paper, ‘ …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862 (Scott 1862b). In Origin 3d ed. , pp.   …
  • … in the missing portion of his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862] (see letter to …
  • … John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  8). Scott …
  • … flowers with this letter (see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] ). See, for instance, Lindley 1853 , p.   …
  • … 692. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  10. …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  18. …

To T. H. Huxley   7 December [1862]

Summary

On THH’s Lectures to working men.

Work by Ferdinand J. Cohn on the contractile tissue of plants ["Über contractile Gewebe im Pflanzenreich" Abh. Schlesischen Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 1 (1861)] seems important. CD has come to the conclusion that there must be some substance in plants analogous to the supposed diffused nervous matter in lower animals.

[Part of P.S. missing from original.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  7 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 145: 227, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 179)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3848

Matches: 17 hits

  • … To T.  H.  Huxley   7 December [1862] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 179) Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Dec [1862] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … 202. See, for example, letter to Daniel Oliver, [17 September 1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . Part of the original letter is missing. The text in the …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 December 1862 . Huxley sent CD the first three numbers of …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley 1862c on 2 December 1862 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 December 1862 ). CD commonly bought his books from the London booksellers …
  • … Press. [Herschel, John Frederick William. ] 1862. On the existence of muscles in plants. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 . CD refers to the fact that Huxley had not …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 2 December 1862  and n.  2. The reference has not …
  • … s lectures, delivered on 24 November 1862, was headed ‘The method by which the causes of …
  • … 1862c, pp.  39–42). See also letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 6 May 1862 , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 10 May [1862] . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 December 1862 . Huxley had been working intermittently on Evidence as to …
  • … Anne Huxley and Emma Darwin. CD refers to a review in the November 1862 number of the …
  • … Cornhill Magazine ( [Herschel] 1862 , pp.  853–5), evidently …
  • … although the reviewer gave the date as ‘1862’. There is an annotated copy of the number of …

From G. C. Oxenden   4 August [1862?]

Summary

Finds many beautiful Epipactis specimens.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug [1862?]
Classmark:  DAR 173: 57
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3680

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From G.  C.  Oxenden   4 August [1862? ] …
  • … C.  Oxenden, 17 September [1862] . …
  • … 57 George Chichester Oxenden Crowhurst Park, Battle 4 Aug [1862? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … husband of Oxenden’s sister, Frances Margaret Papillon ( Burke’s landed gentry 1862). In …
  • … letters written earlier in the summer of 1862, Oxenden discussed various species of …
  • … send CD specimens later in the season (see letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, 15 May 1862, 4  …
  • … June [1862], and [before …
  • … 21 June 1862]); Oxenden sent specimens of E.   …
  • … palustris with his letter of 8 July 1862. See also letter from G.   …

From H. G. Bronn   19 May 1862

Summary

Thanks for revisions in 2d ed. of Origin. Suggests correction regarding species numbers in the Tertiary.

Comments on pages of Orchids and problems of German translation.

Believes CD’s theory not yet proven, but that it will finally lead to truth.

Author:  Heinrich Georg Bronn
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 160.3: 321
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3561

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From H.  G.  Bronn    19 May 1862
  • … DAR 160.3: 321 Heinrich Georg Bronn Heidelberg 19 May 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). For the transcription of this letter in …
  • … Heidelberg le 19 Mai 1862 Monsieur! J’ai eu l’honneur de recevoir les paquets, que Vous …
  • … Heidelberg 19 May 1862 Sir, I have had the honour of receiving the packets that you were …
  • … für den Deutschen Buchhandel 29 ( 1862): 1172–3, and EB ). See also letter from H.   …
  • … G.  Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] . For a discussion of Bronn’s attitude towards CD’s …
  • … from H.  G.  Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] . For a discussion of Bronn’s attitude towards …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … German than French (see letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). See letter to H.   …
  • … G.  Bronn, 25 April [1862] . Christian Friedrich Schweizerbart was the head of E.   …
  • … sent by CD with his letter of 25 April [1862] have not been found. However, those changes …
  • … announced on 6 October, 17 November, and 19 December 1862, respectively ( Börsenblatt für …
  • … den Deutschen Buchhandel 29 (1862): 2083, 2447, and 2735). Bronn was preparing a second …
  • … sent by CD with his letter of 25 April [1862] have not been found. However, those changes …
  • … announced on 6 October, 17 November, and 19 December 1862, respectively ( Börsenblatt für …
  • … den Deutschen Buchhandel 29 (1862): 2083, 2447, and 2735). Mayence is the French name for …
  • … see letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 25 April [1862] ); Bronn’s name also appears on CD’s list of …
  • … see letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 25 April [1862] ); Bronn’s name also appears on CD’s list of …
  • … IV). See letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 25 April [1862] . Hugo von Mohl, professor of botany at …
  • … Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862 . Leipzig was a major centre for the …
  • … fair ( Börsenblatt für den Deutschen Buchhandel 29 (1862): 1172–3, and EB ). See letter …
  • … Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 7 June 1862 . Leipzig was a major centre for the …

From T. H. Huxley   20 January 1862

Summary

The Witness attacks THH’s lecture.

Assures CD he spoke more favourably of his doctrines than the reports show.

Agrees with CD’s arguments on sterility of hybrids and predicts physiological experiments will produce physiological species sterile inter se. Has come even closer to CD’s view especially since Primula paper. Will soon be more Darwinian than CD.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Jan 1862
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 291
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3396

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From T.  H.  Huxley   20 January 1862
  • … DAR 166.2: 291 Thomas Henry Huxley London, Jermyn St 20 Jan 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] , and letter from C.   …
  • … E. Brown-Séquard, 13 January 1862 . Huxley refers to Samuel Wilberforce, bishop of Oxford. …
  • … see letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862). The Witness , a popular twice-weekly …
  • … attack on Huxley’s lectures on 14 January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix V). …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] DSB : …
  • … Jermyn S t Jany 20 th 1862 My dear Darwin The inclosed article which has been followed up …
  • … appeared in the Scotsman , 24 January 1862, p.  2 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … 1863a, pp.  57–118. See letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] . See letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862 and n.  2, and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] . See also Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI. ‘Dimorphic …
  • … see letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ). [Rorison] 1861 . See letter to …
  • … T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] and n.  12. Huxley refers to the Saturday Review of …
  • … at the Royal Institution on 7 February 1862 (T.  H.  Huxley 1862a). Huxley probably also …
  • … in the 1861–2 session ( Medical directory 1862, p.  243). Charles Edouard Brown-Séquard. …

To Asa Gray   6 November [1862]

Summary

Agrees Max Müller’s book [see 3752] is interesting but cannot see how it will further his "cause".

A book by J. W. Colenso [The Pentateuch and book of Joshua critically examined, pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise".

Would like some observations made on Cypripedium.

Will not publish yet on Lythrum as he must make many more crosses; the mid-styled is fertile with half of its own stamens.

Would like to try a few experiments on tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  6 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3796

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   6 November [1862] …
  • … Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (78) Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Nov [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … 1867): 1–118. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua critically …
  • … of Joshua critically examined , pt 1 (1862)] has just appeared and will "make a noise". …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . Max Müller 1861 ; …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . Concerning Friedrich Max Müller’s views …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , n.  3. Max Müller 1861 , p.  125. The city …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … examination of the Old Testament ( Colenso 1862–79 ); Colenso was bishop of Natal in …
  • … in a review in the Parthenon , 1 November 1862, pp.  833–4; CD subscribed to the Parthenon …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). Cooper 1855 . Susan Augusta Fenimore Cooper …
  • … father’s last years ( DAB ). On 19 August 1862, the Journal of Horticulture and Cottage …
  • … of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s.  3 (1862): 400); CD’s annotated copies of this …
  • … Civil War (see, for example, letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and n.  8). CD refers …
  • … of Orchids , which appeared in the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … Haven, Connecticut. See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , n.  10. Gray had reiterated a promise …
  • … specimens of American species of Cypripedium in his letter of 4 and 13 October 1862. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  11 and 12. [J.  D.   …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and n.  4. CD’s annotated copy of the …

From Henry Holland   [21 January 1862?]

Summary

Has received a satisfactory answer from Lord Tankerville.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 Jan 1862?]
Classmark:  DAR 166.2: 236
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3400

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Henry Holland   [21 January 1862? ] …
  • … DAR 166.2: 236 Henry Holland London, Brook St [21 Jan 1862? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … influenza in the Darwin household (see letter from Henry Holland, 15 January [1862] ). …
  • … Letter from Henry Holland, 15 January [1862]. …
  • … of this period (see nn.  2 and 3, below). In 1862, 21 January fell on a Tuesday. For CD’s …
  • … sixth earl of Tankerville, see the letters from Henry Holland, [3–14] January [1862] and …
  • … 15 January [1862], and the letter to Ludwig …
  • … Rütimeyer, 15 [and 16] January [1862] . See also letter from C.   …
  • … A.  Bennet, [9 February 1862]. Holland had heard of the incidence of …

To Asa Gray   16 February [1862]

Summary

Floral structure of Melastoma. Asks AG to observe position of pistils in lately-opened flowers of different plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  16 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (63)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3448

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To Asa Gray   16 February [1862] …
  • … Herbarium of Harvard University (63) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 Feb [1862] Asa Gray …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] . CD began to experiment with the melastomaceous …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] and n.  8). He had also recently started …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 February [1862] and n.  7). There are dated notes from …
  • … in October 1861 and harvested in February 1862. There are dated notes from this experiment …
  • … also letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] and n.  8. This drawing is apparently a …
  • … of Monochaetum ensiferum , dated 15 January and 12 February 1862, in DAR 205.8: 22–3. …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and n.  10. The diagram has been reduced to …
  • … 205.8. See enclosure. See letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] , letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . See …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, [4–8 February 1862] . CD recorded …
  • … this observation in a note dated 12 February 1862 (DAR 205.8: 23). For Gray’s agreement to …
  • … on Rhexia , see the letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] . CD refers to the results of a …

From J. D. Hooker   [7 April 1862]

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Summary

Will hope to be able to send Vanilla flowers in a day or two.

How is CD after his tremendous effect on the placid Linneans? ["Sexual forms of Catasetum", Collected papers 2: 63–70; read 3 Apr 1862.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [7 Apr 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 32
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3495

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [7 April 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 32 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [7 Apr 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Linneans? ["Sexual forms of Catasetum ", Collected papers 2: 63–70; read 3 Apr 1862. ] …
  • … and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] ). See also Orchids , p.  269. …
  • … tridentatum ’ , before the Linnean Society of London on 3 April 1862 (see letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] and n.  5). …
  • … and by the relationship to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] . The first Monday …
  • … the meeting in question was 7 April 1862. CD had been anxious to examine specimens of the …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum ’: …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …

To J. D. Hooker   [18 September 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for JDH’s letter [3725].

Has become interested in experimenting on Drosera.

Observations on the ovaria of Cruciferae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 160
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3729

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [18 September 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 160 Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [18 Sept 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862 . CD refers …
  • … to the meeting in Cambridge in October 1862 of the British Association for the Advancement …
  • … s endorsement; the Thursday preceding 20 September 1862 was 18 September. Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862. See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862  and n.  10. …
  • … See letter to Daniel Oliver, [17 September 1862] and n.  12. Letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862]. See letter from J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   [19 January 1862]

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Summary

JDH castigates the Americans after the Trent affair. The value of an aristocracy. How will CD answer Asa Gray’s letter?

His "remarkable plant" [Welwitschia mirabilis] exhibited at Linnean Society.

Genera plantarum is in press.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Jan 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 8–11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3395

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [19 January 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 8–11 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [19 Jan 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and by the relationship to the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1862] and 25 [ …
  • … and 26] January [1862]. …
  • … In 1862, 19 January fell on a Sunday. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1862] . Hooker refers to Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell and …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1862] and n.  4. This is the address of Hugh …
  • … John Murray. Binney, Edward William. 1862. On some fossil plants, showing structure, from …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … letter to H.  W.  Bates, 13 January [1862] ), and told Hooker of his high expectations for …
  • … letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862). George Bentham had two surviving sisters, …
  • … see letter from Francis Boott, 27 January 1862 ). Hooker probably refers to the Boston …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1862] . Spence 1861 . The London Review and Weekly …
  • … and n.  15). William Borrer died on 10 January 1862 ( DNB ). CD had asked Hooker about the …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [1 January 1862]). Borrer had been a friend of Hooker’s father, …
  • … ed. , p.  433). See also letter from W.  B.  Clarke, 16 January 1862, and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 16 January [1862] . Hooker had begun work on a monograph on Welwitschia …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 16 January 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean …
  • … part of volume 1 of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, which covered the two botanical ‘series’ …
  • … 73 , 1), whose name is commonly abbreviated in botanical literature to ‘DC’. Heer 1862, …
  • … Pengelly 1862 , and …
  • … Binney 1862 . Hooker refers to his reviewing the papers for publication in the relevant …
  • … Transactions of the Linnean Society 23 (1862): 495–566. In the paper, Bates invoked the …

To George Bentham   3 February [1862]

Summary

Asks GB’s help to clear up discrepancies between his and John Lindley’s observations on pollination of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Bentham
Date:  3 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Bentham letters: 694–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3437

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To George Bentham   3 February [1862] …
  • … Kew (Bentham letters: 694–6) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Feb [1862] George Bentham …
  • … Hooker and Daniel Oliver. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 February [1862] , and to an observational note on Heterocentron …
  • … roseum in DAR 205.8: 46, dated 3 February 1862. See also nn.  6 and 8, below. Following …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] . CD refers to the results of his first …
  • … out on Heterocentron roseum between October 1861 and January 1862. The results of this …
  • … experiment are recorded in a note dated 3 February 1862 (DAR 205.8: 46). …
  • … See also letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … this observation, dated 2 January [1862], in DAR 205.8: 16 r. CD refers to Joseph Dalton …
  • … continued to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863, making extensive notes (see DAR …
  • … 1861), Monochaetum ensiferum (dated 15 January 1862), and Centradenia grandiflora and C.   …
  • … floribunda (dated 2 January [1862]) in DAR 205.8: 44, 22, and 16 v. He summarised his …
  • … an experimental note dated 3 February 1862 (DAR 205.8: 46; see n.  8, below). The diagram …

From J. D. Hooker   27 February 1862

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Summary

Pleased at CD’s opinion of his Arctic plants paper. CD has caught great blunder.

Lack of Arctic–Asiatic species in mountains of tropical Asia does not trouble him. Species seem to indicate some "current of migration" from Europe and W. Asia southeastward to Ceylon – an awful staggerer to bridge migrations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Feb 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 15–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3461

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   27 February 1862
  • … DAR 101: 15–16 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 27 Feb 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] . J.  D.  Hooker 1861a. Hooker refers to …
  • … Gardens, Kew. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] and n.  7. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …
  • … before the Linnean Society of London on 3 April 1862 ( ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum …
  • … Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 151–7. George Bentham was president …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26 February 1862? ]. Daniel Oliver’s lecture, ‘On the …
  • … the Royal Institution of Great Britain on 7 March 1862 (Oliver 1862a). CD did not attend. …
  • … D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 . Link 1821 . CD mentioned Heinrich Friedrich Link’s speculation …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] . Hooker refers to an apparently monstrous …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

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  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

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  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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