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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To James Crichton-Browne   31 January [1870]

Summary

Asks JC-B to return copy of Duchenne [Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)] and sends some notes "as your former notes were of such extreme interest to me".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  31 Jan [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 329
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7089

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)] and sends some notes "as your former notes …
  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … had lent Crichton-Browne his copy of Duchenne 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  17, letter to …

To James Crichton-Browne   18 March 1870

Summary

JC-B’s essays are the fullest CD has received. His observations on blushing closely agree with James Paget’s. Platysma and horror: Duchenne’s statement doubtful.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  18 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 143: 330
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7142

Matches: 3 hits

  • … with certain other muscles, expressed fear or horror ( Duchenne 1862 , pp.  95–108). …
  • … Browne his copy of the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 ; see letter from James Crichton-Browne, …
  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …

From James Crichton-Browne   6 June 1870

Summary

Returns copy of Duchenne (found in cupboard) with notes [see 7221].

Sends photograph of woman patient with hair standing on end.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 53.1: C68; DAR 161: 311
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7220

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne’s ‘Atlas’ to his work on expression ( Duchenne 1862 ). …
  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … Browne refers to the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 (see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 2  …

To James Crichton-Browne   2 April [1870]

Summary

Copy of Duchenne [see 7089] has not arrived; CD is concerned that it may be lost.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  2 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7160

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 15 March 1870 . CD refers to Duchenne 1862 ; see letter from James Crichton-Browne, 15  …
  • … Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse …

To John Lubbock   17 July 1870

Summary

CD would like questions on consanguineous marriages inserted in the Census to ascertain effects, if any, on fertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  17 July 1870
Classmark:  DAR 261.7: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7281

Matches: 2 hits

  • … around this time, see Anderson 1986  and Kuper 2002 . See also Child 1862  and Adam 1865 . …
  • … History 11: 285–301. Child, Gilbert William. 1862. On marriages of consanguinity. British …

From Francis Galton   31 March 1870

Summary

Better news about the rabbits.

Author:  Francis Galton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 105: 11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7156

Matches: 3 hits

  • … CD may have sent Galton his copy of Naudin 1862 ; there is an annotated copy in the Darwin …
  • … New York and London: Garland Publishing. 1990. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …

To William Ogle   17 November [1870]

Summary

Thanks WO for information on platysma, which he did not know could be brought into voluntary action. Is coming to believe it has nothing to do with expression.

On the relation between white colouring and susceptibility to poisonous plants, CD suggests WO send his paper to J. Wyman and propose he investigate whether white as well as black pigs will eat paint-root.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  17 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 4 (EH 88205902)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7373

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … CD refers to Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne, and photographs in Duchenne 1862 . There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Duchenne 1862  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 209– …

To William Ogle   17 December [1870]

Summary

Thanks WO for valuable letter. Feels he need not trouble any more about platysma. If WO ever sees someone suffering great fear, CD asks him to observe the neck.

Hopes to visit WO when next in London.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Ogle
Date:  17 Dec [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 261.5: 5 (EH 88205903)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7394

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … Benjamim Amand Duchenne and Duchenne 1862 . CD was next in London from 23 February to 2  …

To P. L. Sclater   4 November [1870]

Summary

Asks PLS whether he will look over list of names of birds [for Descent] to make sure they are spelled correctly. "I have a most unfortunate weakness … to copy proper names incorrectly".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Lutley Sclater
Date:  4 Nov [1870]
Classmark:  Zoological Society of London (GB 0814 BADD (Darwin))
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7356

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Claverhill Jerdon’s Birds of India ( Jerdon 1862–4 ), and to Ibis , the journal of the …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Jerdon, Thomas Claverhill. 1862–4. The birds of India; being a natural …

To St G. J. Mivart   21 April [1870]

Summary

On amount of modification and lines of descent in determining the position in man.

Reference to StGJM’s article "On the appendicular skeleton of the primates" Phil. Trans. R. Soc. [157 (1867): 299–430],

and his [and James Murie’s] article on lemurs ["On the anatomy of Lemuroidea"] Trans. Zool. Soc. [7 (1872): 1–114].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  St George Jackson Mivart
Date:  21 Apr [1870]
Classmark:  Karpeles Manuscript Library Museums
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7718A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … apes. There is a copy of Rütimeyer 1862  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See letter …
  • … ape Caenopithecus lemuroides in Rütimeyer 1862 , pp.  88–92. On page 92, Rütimeyer noted …
  • … Longmans, Green & Co. Rütimeyer, Ludwig. 1862. Eocaene Säugethiere aus dem Gebiet des …

From Louis Rérolle   15 June 1870

Summary

French translation of Orchids is published.

Author:  Louis Rérolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7234

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by Clémence Auguste Royer (Royer trans.  1862, 1866, 1870) and Variation by Jean Jacques …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From James Crichton-Browne   [6 June 1870]

Summary

Comments on various figures [in Duchenne’s Mécanisme].

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 June 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 323, 323/1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7221

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1998. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … in the ‘Atlas’ accompanying Duchenne 1862 . Figures 7 to 11 are a set illustrating the ‘ …
  • … in the text to the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 , p.  20. Figures 19 and 20 are part of the …

To James Crichton-Browne   8 June [1870]

Summary

Duchenne [Mécanisme] has arrived. Has been testing the photographs with 20 or 30 persons; when all or nearly all agree with Duchenne, CD trusts him. Not one understood the "contracted pyramidal of the nose". CD does not think the so-called muscle of lasciviousness worth exhibiting.

His MS [of Descent] is so large he may print only what he has, and make a second volume of what he is now writing on expression.

Discusses photographs he would like to have: baby screaming, person in paroxysm of fear.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  8 June [1870]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 332
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7224

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1871. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … 1870 . CD refers to the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 ; see letter from James Crichton-Browne, …

To Armand de Quatrefages   20 July [1870]

Summary

Sends list of his publications.

Is grateful for interest QdeB has taken in his election [to Académie Française].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  20 July [1870]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.377); Artcurial, Paris (dealers) (24 November 2008, lot 120, and 19 November 2018 (Les Collections Aristophil: Sciences), lot 736)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7285

Matches: 2 hits

  • … British & foreign Orchids are fertilized. 1862. On the movements & habits of Climbing …
  • … of Primula   Journal of Linn. Soc Vol. 1 1862 (Bot) p. 77 Botanical works continued On the …

From J. D. Hooker   [22 May 1870]

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Summary

Willy is back from New Zealand. JDH perturbed by what to do with him.

J. W. Dawson’s Bakerian lecture for Royal Society is full of errors, and JDH is forced to recommend that it not be published. [An abstract of the lecture was published: "On the pre-Carboniferous floras of north-eastern America", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 18 (1869–70): 333–5.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [22 May 1870]
Classmark:  DAR 103: 47–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7198

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). The first part of the second volume …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and n.  8. Hooker refers to Hyacinth Symonds. …

From James Crichton-Browne   15 March 1870

Summary

Thanks CD for copy of Origin.

Encloses extensive, but incomplete, notes on expression among the insane, dealing specifically with blushing and the actions of the platysma and grief muscles.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Mar 1870
Classmark:  DAR 161: 310, DAR 161: 323/2–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7134

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … Browne his copy of the ‘Atlas’ to Duchenne 1862 ; he asked for it to be sent back in his …

From Charles Wyville Thomson   7 October 1870

Summary

Seeks CD’s support as a candidate for Edinburgh Chair in Natural History.

Author:  Charles Wyville Thomson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Oct 1870
Classmark:  DAR 178: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7336

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of echinoderms ( C.  W.  Thomson 1861 , 1862, and 1863). See also C.  W.  Thomson 1869 ; …

To F. P. Cobbe    20 August [1870]

Summary

CD writes for Emma, who is ill.

Delighted with FPC’s "most just" article [in Echo?]. Sends £1 subscription.

Thanks for telling CD about the Fraser’s Magazine article [F. W. Farrar, "Hereditary genius (by F. Galton)", n.s. 2 (1870): 251–65].

CD wrote as Justice of Peace for Kent to the Home Secretary about Holder’s case.

Tropaeolum transmits every shade of colour if self-fertilised for six or seven generations.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frances Power Cobbe
Date:  20 Aug [1870]
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (CB 385)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7306

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a magistrate in Bromley between 1859 and 1862. (Randal Keynes and Richard Milner, personal …

From Adolf Reuter   11 January 1870

Summary

Sends monstrous oranges,

red grape leaves,

and a bean with blue fruits (a hybrid of Phaseolus vulgaris and a Dolichos species).

Author:  Adolf Reuter
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7075

Matches: 1 hit

  • … at this time, see Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, 1: 540–1. Reuter refers to Eduard Lucas. See …

From Louis Rérolle   22 June 1870

Summary

Copies of the French translation of Orchids were sent to C. V. Naudin, Quatrefages de Bréau, and Charles Martins at CD’s request and to Duchartre, Brongniart, Baillon, Lecoq, Godron, and Alphonse de Candolle on Rérolle’s initiative.

Author:  Louis Rérolle
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 June 1870
Classmark:  DAR 176: 133
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-7240

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
Document type
letter (30)
Date
1870
01 (4)
02 (1)
03 (3)
04 (3)
05 (1)
06 (8)
07 (2)
08 (2)
09 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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