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To James Crichton-Browne   22 May 1869

Summary

Thanks for MS observations on expression. Discusses hair standing on end in terror and rage. Asks JC-B to observe contraction of platysma myoides. "Your description of the grinning and exposure of the canine teeth under furious rage is excellent. I presume that you would not object to my quoting it." Asks about contraction of "grief muscles". Comments on blushing. Offers to send book by G. B. A. Duchenne [Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  22 May 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 327
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6755

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 1869] . CD refers to the ‘Atlas’ of Duchenne 1862 ; see n.  5, above. The fifth edition of …
  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … Offers to send book by G. B. A. Duchenne [ Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine (1862)]. …
  • … 2, and n.  11). CD refers to Guillaume Benjamin Amand Duchenne, and Duchenne 1862 . There …
  • … is an annotated copy of Duchenne 1862  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 209– …
  • … fig.  20, is a woodcut based on Duchenne 1862 , ‘Atlas’, fig.  61; Expression , plate VII, …
  • … a reproduction of fig.  64 from Duchenne 1862 . CD’s unbound copy of the ‘Atlas’ is in the …
  • … are in DAR 186: 27–9. See Duchenne 1862 , ‘Atlas’, pp.  44–5, for Duchenne’s discussion of …
  • … de la physionomie humaine ( Duchenne 1862 , pp.  35– 53). For the difference between CD’s …

To Robert Francis Cooke   [22 February 1869]

Summary

Assumes Murray will give permission for French translation of Orchids; asks that stereotypes of woodcuts be supplied at cost, since if expensive the work will not appear.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Date:  [22 Feb 1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 f. 200)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6966

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Somerville, Mary. 1869. On molecular and …
  • … German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862; see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … H.  G.  Bronn 25 April [1862]). CD had also given approval for Murray to supply the …

From Charles Lyell   5 May 1869

Summary

Recalls Cuvier’s reaction to Principles of geology.

Comments on Wallace’s article in the Quarterly Review [see 6684].

Not opposed to ARW’s idea that Supreme Will might direct variation.

Quotes passage in letter from ARW arguing for causes other than selection in determining human abilities.

Discusses excavation of lakes by glaciers.

J. P. Lesley does not believe ice-sheets involved in eroding Appalachians.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 May 1869
Classmark:  Lyell 1881, 2: 441; DAR 85: A100–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6728

Matches: 4 hits

  • … University Press. 1998. Lesley, J. Peter. 1862. Section of coal-measures on the Cape …
  • … of the American Philosophical Society 9 (1862–3): 93–109. Lesley, J. Peter. 1866. Notes on …
  • … refers to J.  Peter Lesley and to Lesley 1862  and Lesley 1866 . Archibald Geikie and …
  • … the American ‘Philosophical Society’ for 1862, and another on a projected map, ‘intended …

From W. B. Dawkins   31 July 1869

Summary

Reports on prehistoric finds from caves at Rhagatt.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 July 1869
Classmark:  The Huntington Library (CB 847)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6847F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … but concluded it probably pre-dated the diluvian period. ( See Lartet 1862, p.  71. ) …

To Samuel Hubbard Scudder   15 September [1869]

Summary

Thanks SHS for papers he has sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Samuel Hubbard Scudder
Date:  15 Sept [1869]
Classmark:  Boston Society of Natural History (papers at the Museum of Science, Boston, Massachusetts, USA)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6893

Matches: 3 hits

  • … John Owen. Harris, Thaddeus William. 1862. A treatise on some of the insects injurious to …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Andrew Murray, 10 April [1862] and n.  2, and Scudder 1861 ). They are …
  • … CD’s copy of a later edition of the book ( Harris 1862 ) is in the Darwin Library–Down. …

From R. F. Cooke   29 April 1869

Summary

Confirms a request by CD that Murray’s supply electrotypes of Orchids at most reasonable possible price.

Author:  Robert Francis Cooke; John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Apr 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 369
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6719

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … found. John Murray published CD’s Orchids in 1862. No other English-language edition was …

From C. F. Claus   6 February 1869

Summary

Pleased by CD’s good opinion and offer to provide material. Discusses work he would do on cirripedes.

Moritz Wagner’s views on migration of species;

his doubts about Fritz Müller’s views on developmental stages of Crustacea.

Author:  Carl Friedrich Claus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6605

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Claus, Carl Friedrich. 1862. Ueber die morphologischen Beziehungen der …
  • … groups, including cirripedes ( Claus 1862 ; for the section on cirripedes, see pp.  161– …
  • … in Kreuzband abzusenden, habe ich schon 1862 den Versuch gemacht, den Cirripedienleib auf …
  • … number of other works, I have already in 1862 made an attempt to trace back the morphology …

To W. C. Tait   12 and 16 March 1869

Summary

Thanks for specimen of Drosophyllum.

Describes capacity of various plants to catch flies.

Cannot name fern specimen.

Laugher pigeon descended from Columba livia.

Discusses tailless dogs.

Believes astronomical phenomenon responsible for oscillation of level of earth’s crust.

Would WCT like copy of Orchids?

Expected plants [Drosophyllum] have arrived.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Chester Tait
Date:  12 and 16 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 147: 541; Sotheby’s (dealers) (19 July 1990)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6661

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on Drosera and Dionaea between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10); however, he …
  • … 10, letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ). The genus Dionaea has only one species, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …

From J. J. Moulinié   5 November 1869

Summary

Reinwald will be pleased to publish Descent.

He would also like to publish a Moulinié translation of the latest English edition of Origin. Negotiations with the old publisher are needed.

Author:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Nov 1869
Classmark:  DAR 171: 274
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6971

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1859. Royer, Clémence Auguste, trans. 1862. De l’origine des espèces ou des lois du …
  • … two French editions of Origin ( Royer, trans.  1862  and 1866); a third edition was being …

To James Crichton-Browne   8 June 1869

Summary

Thanks for information about expression.

Comments on JC-B’s photographs of insane people.

Sends copy of Duchenne [see 6755].

Asks for further information about platysma, his bête noire for a year or two.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Crichton-Browne
Date:  8 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 143: 328
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6779

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1985–. Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou …
  • … Browne his copy of the ‘Atlas’ of Duchenne 1862 (see letter to James Crichton-Browne, 22  …

From Martin Wilckens   25 March 1869

Summary

Sends two of his publications ["Bericht über die wissenschaftlichen Fortschritte der Thierzucht", Jahrb. Landwirtsch. (1869) and "Die Aufgaben der landwirtschaftlicher Biotechnik", Landwirtsch. Wochenbl. (1869)].

Author:  Martin Wilckens
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 96: 67v
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6682

Matches: 1 hit

  • … German editions of Origin (Bronn trans.  1862) and Variation (Carus trans.  1868) and to …

From James Crichton-Browne   1 June 1869

Summary

Discusses the bristling of hair in melancholics and the action of the platysma myoides muscle and the grief muscles in the insane.

Author:  James Crichton-Browne
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 161: 309
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6769

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Amand Duchenne and the ‘Atlas’ of Duchenne 1862 . See letter to James Crichton-Browne, 22  …
  • … Duchenne, Guillaume Benjamin Amand. 1862. Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine, ou analyse …

To Julius Dub   20 March 1869

Summary

CD will supply the sheets of the new edition of the Origin [5th ed. (1869)] if JD goes ahead with his work [? Kurze Darstellung der Lehre Darwin’s über die Entstehung der Arten der Organismen (1870)]. Has no objection to JD’s quoting him, but wonders whether the German publisher of Origin might not feel injured.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Christoph Julius (Julius) Dub
Date:  20 Mar 1869
Classmark:  DAR 96: 62, 64
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6673

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and to Rolle 1863 , which he had received in parts in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … to Friedrich Rolle, 17 October [1862] ). CD’s German publisher was E.  Schweizerbart’sche …

To John Murray   8 November [1869]

Summary

Masson et Fils have brought out a third French edition [of Origin] without informing CD and without the advantage of the corrections of the 4th and 5th English editions. For this and other reasons CD wants to give translation rights for the 5th English edition to C. Reinwald.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  8 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms. 42152 ff. 205–6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6977

Matches: 2 hits

  • … translation of Origin (Royer trans.  1862). See letter from Victor Masson, 29 September  …
  • … was strongly anti-clerical (Royer trans.  1862); a lightly annotated copy of the preface …

To the editors of the Annals and Magazine of Natural History   23 July 1869

Summary

CD passes on notes prepared for the French translation of Orchids so that his book may be brought up to date in English as well.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Annals and Magazine of Natural History
Date:  23 July 1869
Classmark:  Annals and Magazine of Natural History 4th ser. 4 (1869): 142
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6840A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Foreign Orchids are Fertilized by Insects’ (1862), it has appeared to me that these notes …

To Alexander Goodman More   24 June 1869

Summary

Asks AGM to observe fertilisation of Epipactis palustris. Has found that E. latifolia is fertilised by wasps.

Making revisions for French edition of Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alexander Goodman More
Date:  24 June 1869
Classmark:  DAR 146: 408
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6801

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … last extant letter to More is that of 1 October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). More’s …

From Ernest Faivre   18 February 1869

Summary

One of his students is interested in translating Orchids into French.

Author:  Jean-Joseph-August-Ernest (Ernest) Faivre
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6621

Matches: 2 hits

  • … En prenant pour Guide le Volume publié en 1862 a Londres chez John Murray? Depuis ce temps …
  • … published in London by John Murray in 1862 as a guide? As science has made some progress …

To Mary Somerville   21 January [1869]

Summary

Thanks for copy of MS’s book [On molecular and microscopic science, (1869)]. Part on orchids is an excellent summary.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Mary Fairfax; Mary Greig; Mary Somerville
Date:  21 Jan [1869]
Classmark:  Bodleian Library (Dep.c.370, folder MSD-1: on loan from Somerville College, Oxford)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6563

Matches: 1 hit

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Somerville, Mary. 1869. On molecular and …

From T. H. Farrer   18 September 1869

Summary

Asks CD’s opinion of a paper he has written on papilionaceous flowers.

Author:  Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Sept 1869
Classmark:  DAR 164: 55
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6898

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … work Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). Farrer refers to Samuel Johnson’s A …

To J. J. Moulinié   15 November [1869]

Summary

Makes suggestions for French translation of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Jacques Moulinié
Date:  15 Nov [1869]
Classmark:  Bibliothèque de Genève (Ms. suppl. 66, ff. 13–14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6989

Matches: 1 hit

  • … John Murray. CD refers to Royer trans.  1862, Royer trans.  1866, and Royer trans.  1870. …
Document type
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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