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From Gaston de Saporta   6 September 1868

Summary

Strong support for theory of descent.

Observations on palaeobotany of S. France. Most woody angiosperm genera date far back. Magnolia type unchanged. Intermediate fossil species. Ancient species of Quercus persists as variety of modern species. Fossil evidence of ice age.

CD’s works have been an inspiration in France.

Author:  Louis Charles Joseph Gaston (Gaston) de Saporta, comte de
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Sept 1868
Classmark:  DAR 177: 31
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6352

Matches: 16 hits

  • … American species to the Tertiary ‘ Quercus elæna ’ in Saporta 1862–5 , p.  143 (vol.   …
  • … 3). See also Saporta 1862–5 , pp.  112–16 (vol.  4), and Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  67, 127 ( …
  • … au Muséum d’histoire naturelle de 1853 à 1862 inclusivement. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires …
  • … 4th ser. 20: 188–200. ] Gaudry, Albert. 1862–7. Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique, …
  • … Hopkins University Press. Saporta, Gaston de. 1862–5. Etudes sur la végétation du sud-est …
  • … à l’époque tertiaire. Annales des sciences naturelles (botanique) 4th ser. 16 (1862): 309– …
  • … 45; 17 (1862): 191–311; 19 (1863): 5–124; 5th ser. 3 (1865): 5–152; 4 (1865): 5–264. …
  • … Saporta, Louis Charles Joseph Gaston de. 1862. Notice sur les plantes fossiles de Coumi et …
  • … atlas. By Albert Gaudry. Paris: F. Savy. 1862–7. ] Saporta, Louis Charles Joseph Gaston …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL ( Saporta 1862 , 1864a, and 1866a). For the reception of …
  • … la France à l’époque tertiaire’ ( Saporta 1862–5 ). He had also by this date published the …
  • … maple ( Acer monspessulanum ; see Saporta 1862–5 , p.  180, and Saporta 1867–8 , pp.  22, …
  • … Mespilus palæo-pyracantha ’. See Saporta 1862–5 , p.  285 (vol.  17), and p.  98 (vol.   …
  • … former name, U.  montana , in Saporta 1862–5 , p.  53 (vol.  19). Saporta had inherited a …
  • … Q.  ilex and Q.  coccifera. Saporta discussed Quercus mediterranea in Saporta 1862 , p.   …
  • … 4 (also published in Gaudry 1862–7 , 1: 413). Saporta discussed the relative abundance of …

To Leonard Jenyns   22 February [1868]

Summary

Asks LJ which British birds are polygamous. His query relates to the possession by the male of secondary sexual characters.

CD is also interested in the numerical proportion of the sexes in birds.

Asks about the use of the horns in male lamellicorn or coprophagous beetles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  22 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5911

Matches: 5 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, …
  • … and Jenyns has been found later than the 1862 letters (see Correspondence vol.  10). John …
  • … to a memorial volume on Henslow edited by Jenyns ( Jenyns 1862 ; see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to Leonard Jenyns, 24 May [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Leonard Jenyns, 28 May 1862 ). On CD and Henslow, see Browne 1995  and 2002. …

From Albert Gaudry   11 January 1868

Summary

Sends an article ["Des lumières que la géologie peut jeter sur … l’histoire ancienne des Athéniens"] extracted from his work [Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique (1862–7)]. CD’s letters have been an encouragement.

Hopes the belief in transformation will gradually be accepted. For himself the idea in no way undermines his idea of spirituality and his respect for human dignity.

Hopes to continue his work on the genealogical relationship (enchaînement) of fossils.

Author:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 165: 16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5784

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of continuing creation by God in Gaudry 1862–7 , pp.  365–70. See also Correspondence …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Gaudry, Albert. 1862–7. Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’ …
  • … fossiles et géologie de l’Attique (1862–7)]. CD’s letters have been an encouragement. …
  • … on the fossil animals of Greece ( Gaudry 1862–7 ) and separately printed (Gaudry 1867). …
  • … seen in these intermediate forms. See Gaudry 1862–7 , pp.  347–55. See also Correspondence …

From Albert Gaudry   9 November 1868

Summary

Asks permission to dedicate to CD his book on the fossil animals and geology of Attica [Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique (1862–7)]. CD will find much in it relating to the "filiation" of species, genera, and families.

Author:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 165: 18
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6454

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique (1862–7)]. CD will find much in it relating to …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Gaudry, Albert. 1862–7. Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’ …
  • … sous les auspices de l’Académie des sciences ( Gaudry 1862–7 ). CD’s copy is in the Darwin …
  • … The second chapter of part 1 ( Gaudry 1862–7 , 1: 325–70) was published as an offprint …

To Albert Gaudry   17 November 1868

Summary

Thanks AG for Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique [1862–7]. Refers to Lyell’s quotation from AG as "one of the most striking I have ever read on the affiliation of Species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albert-Jean (Albert) Gaudry
Date:  17 Nov 1868
Classmark:  Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan (Library: Fondo Gaudry b. 7, fasc. 28, doc. 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6464

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’Attique [1862–7]. Refers to Lyell’s quotation from AG …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Gaudry, Albert. 1862–7. Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’ …
  • … 16, Appendix II)). CD refers to Gaudry 1862–7 . See letter from Albert Gaudry, 9 November  …

From Ludwig Büchner   9 October [1868 or later]

Summary

Thanks CD for letter of 3 Oct [missing] about LB’s publication.

Author:  Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig (Ludwig) Büchner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct [1868 or later]
Classmark:  DAR 160: 355
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13783

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Büchner, Friedrich Karl Christian Ludwig. 1862. Aus Natur und Wissenschaft. Studien, …
  • … several books by Büchner, including Büchner 1862 , Büchner 1868 , and five more from later …
  • … years. CD had thanked Büchner for Büchner 1862  in his letter …
  • … of 17 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD may have sent a letter of thanks for …

From William Boyd Dawkins   31 January 1868

Summary

Thanks for copy of CD’s latest book [Variation].

European converts to CD’s theory.

Author:  William Boyd Dawkins
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 162: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5823

Matches: 3 hits

  • … vol.  14, letter to Fritz Müller, 23 May 1866 ). See Gaudry 1862–7 , pp.  347–8. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Gaudry, Albert. 1862–7. Animaux fossiles et géologie de l’ …
  • … Dawkins refers to Albert Gaudry and Gaudry 1862– 7 . See letter from Albert Gaudry, 11  …

From Roland Trimen   13 January 1868

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Summary

Variations in the ocelli of Lepidoptera.

Encloses six pages from his catalogue of S. African butterflies [Rhopalocera Africae australis, 2 pts (1862, 1866)].

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 40–2, 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5785

Matches: 3 hits

  • … catalogue of S. African butterflies [ Rhopalocera Africae australis , 2 pts (1862, 1866)]. …
  • … now Melanitis leda ), and to R.  Trimen 1862–6 , pp.  186–9. The proof-sheets are in DAR …
  • … Leicester University Press. Trimen, Roland. 1862–6. Rhopalocera Africæ Australis; a …

From Williams & Norgate   2 June 1868

Summary

Progress of CD’s order for certain books.

Author:  Williams & Norgate
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 June 1868
Classmark:  DAR 96: 48
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6222

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Jerdon, Thomas Claverhill. 1862–4. The birds of India; being a natural …
  • … John James Audubon and Audubon 1831–[9], and Thomas Claverhill Jerdon and Jerdon 1862–4 . …
  • … Audubon 1831–[9] and Jerdon 1862–4  are cited frequently in Descent. There is an annotated …

From B. D. Walsh   1 May 1868

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Summary

BDW believes the coloration of species [of Anthocaris] provides a case of sexual selection.

The state of entomology in the U. S.; Darwinism now a common creed, especially among entomologists.

Author:  Benjamin Dann Walsh
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A115–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6156

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Walsh’s quotation is from Morris 1862 , which also uses the incorrect subsequent …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Morris, John Gottlieb. 1862. Synopsis of the described Lepidoptera of …
  • … to John Gottlieb Morris and to Morris 1862 . Morris describes the upper and underside of …
  • … the markings of the female ( Morris 1862 , p.  21). Walsh refers to Henry Walter Bates and …
  • … was in the family Satyridae ( Morris 1862 ), and is now in the family Nymphalidae, …

From William Erasmus Darwin to Emma Darwin   28 February [1868]

Summary

Crying in babies.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  28 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5952

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Wheatstone. There is a copy of Naudin 1862  in the Darwin Library–CUL, and several …
  • … Conn. : Archon Books, Shoe String Press. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …

From J. E. Gray   15 February 1868

Summary

Slashing article on Variation in Athenæum.

Discussion of relationships of various pigs.

Author:  John Edward Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 165: 216
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5880

Matches: 4 hits

  • … s pig specimens, see J.  E.  Gray ed.  1862 and J.  E.  Gray 1868. Gray apparently alludes …
  • … of the Zoological Society (J.  E.  Gray 1862). Gray refers to Georg Marggraf’s description …
  • … in the British Museum (J.  E.  Gray ed.  1862), and had remarked that he was unable to …
  • … from the common domestic pig (J.  E.  Gray 1862, p.  17). Nathusius was critical of Gray’s …

To Roland Trimen   12 February [1868]

Summary

Is interested in the relative numbers of males and females of all animals; wants any instances of males, or females, being in excess.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roland Trimen
Date:  12 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Royal Entomological Society (Trimen papers, box 21: 64)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5867

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1868] and n.  5. CD refers to R.  Trimen 1862–6 . See letter to H.  W.  Bates, 11  …
  • … London: Garland Publishing. 1990. Trimen, Roland. 1862–6. Rhopalocera Africæ Australis; a …

To Linnean Society   1 June 1868

Summary

Requests 50 copies of his paper ["Offspring of illegitimate unions of di- and trimorphic plants", J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 393–437].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  1 June 1868
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (Fellows Files No. 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6221

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] ‘Two …

From C. V. Naudin   29 March 1868

Summary

Thanks for Variation.

Complains of a severe facial neuralgia.

He is planning to build an experimental laboratory in the south.

Author:  Charles Victor Naudin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 172: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6068

Matches: 3 hits

  • … New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1970–90. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … d’horticulture (Decaisne and Naudin 1862 –72), published in 1868. Naudin established a …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …

To Richard Kippist   12 May [1868?]

Summary

Returns volumes of the Ibis.

Requests T. C. Jerdon’s Birds of India

and Thomas Bell’s British reptiles

as well as vols. 5 & 6 of Ibis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Kippist
Date:  12 May [1868?]
Classmark:  The Linnean Society of London (Fellows Files No. 18)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6169A

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Jerdon, Thomas Claverhill. 1862–4. The birds of India; being a natural …
  • … Ornithologists’ Union. CD also refers to Jerdon 1862–4  and T.  Bell 1849 , both of which …

From J. D. Hooker   3 October 1868

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Summary

Encloses copy of H. Barkly’s answer to JDH’s inquiry on the Seychelles Island crocodile.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Oct 1868
Classmark:  DAR 102: 238–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6410

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: Edward Stanford; Harrison & Sons. 1862–99. Columbia gazetteer of the world : The …
  • … as passing the Plain of Mangoro on 5 August 1862. The account referred to Joseph François …
  • … civil commissioner of the Seychelles from 1862 to 1868 ( Colonial Office list ). Vincent …

From Sam Sanday to W. B. Tegetmeier   29 October 1868

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Summary

Information on proportion of sexes born in sheep.

Author:  Sanday, Sam
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  29 Oct 1868
Classmark:  DAR 85: B22–23
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6441

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 73 — 92 1860— 105 — 100 1861— 92. — 101 1862— 97 — 115 1863— 25 — 17 1864— 20 — 26 1865— …
  • … in each consecutive year up to 1866. In 1862 my father sold almost the whole of his flock. …

From Roland Trimen   20 February 1868

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Summary

Proportion of sexes in butterflies; discussion of subject at meeting of Entomological Society, London.

Attraction of males by female Lasiocampa quercus. [see Descent 1: 311–12.]

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 85: B59–60a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5902

Matches: 3 hits

  • … John Murray. 1871. Trimen, Roland. 1862–6. Rhopalocera Africæ Australis; a catalogue of …
  • … Trimen and Thiselton-Dyer 1869). R.  Trimen 1862–6 . Rhopalocera is a former suborder in …
  • … the butterflies and skippers (see R.  Trimen 1862–6 , p.  6). Eronia buquetii is now …

To G. H. Darwin   [24 March 1868]

Summary

CD relays the advice of Sir W. R. Grove on the dismal prospects of a law career.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Howard Darwin
Date:  [24 Mar 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 210.1: 5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6044

Matches: 2 hits

  • … a performance of Our American cousin in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 26 April [1862] and n.  3). CD probably refers to popular concerts. Henrietta …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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