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To Charles Lyell   1 June [1867]

Summary

Comments on a discussion of humming-birds by the Duke of Argyll [in The reign of law (1867)].

Encloses article by Henry Parker on the Duke’s book [Saturday Rev. 23 (1867): 82–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.328)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5558

Matches: 12 hits

  • … been found. CD refers to [Parker] 1862 , an article in the Saturday Review discussing [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 , a review of Orchids by the duke of Argyll, George Douglas …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 264–92. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. Variation : The variation of …
  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ before 29 December 1862] and n.  4, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] . …
  • … No copy of [Parker] 1862  has been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL; there is an annotated …
  • … copy of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  No discussion …
  • … between CD and Lyell on [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  has been found, but see Correspondence …

To J. D. Hooker   8 February [1867]

Summary

On the Duke of Argyll and a review of his Reign of law.

Asa Gray’s theological view of variation. God’s role in formation of organisms; JDH’s view of Providence.

Insular and continental genera.

Owen on continuity and ideal types

and on bones of Mauritius deer.

On man.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  8 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 10–13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5395

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Society of London 6 (1869): 49–85. [Parker, Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. Rupke, Nicolaas A. 1994. …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] , and the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). There is an …
  • … annotated copy of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  It …
  • … was reviewed in the Saturday Review by CD’s nephew, Henry Parker ( [Parker] 1862 ). …
  • … CD sent [Parker] 1862  to Hooker …
  • … in late 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [before 29 December 1862] ; see also ibid. , letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 December 1862] ). Campbell also published a series of essays in Good …
  • … lxxxvi. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … Edinburgh Review ( [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 ); he commented on the article in the letter to …

From Charles Kingsley   1 November 1867

Summary

Sends a letter he wrote in 1862 [see 3482].

Author:  Charles Kingsley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 36, 30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5664

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Sends a letter he wrote in 1862 [see 3482 ]. …
  • … Kingsley, 18 November 1859 ). In early 1862, Kingsley and CD speculated on the ‘genealogy …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Charles Kingsley, 31 January 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Charles Kingsley, 6 February [1862] ). Ditrematous: ‘having the anal and genital orifices …

To Charles Lyell   9 June [1867]

Summary

Discusses hybridisation in cowslip and primrose.

Mentions proposed visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  9 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.329)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5566

Matches: 6 hits

  • … CD had been conducting experiments since 1862 to establish that the primrose ( Primula …
  • … his nephew Henry Parker and to [Parker] 1862 . See letter to Charles Lyell, 1 June [1867] …
  • … in which Lyell commented on [Parker] 1862  has not been found. CD refers to [Jenkin] …
  • … edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. [Parker, Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. ‘Specific difference in …
  • … pp.  55–75. His notes, dated between 1862 and 1867, are in DAR 157a: 75–7 and DAR 108. See …

From Robert Swinhoe   5 August 1867

Summary

Will do his best to get observations on expression among the Chinese.

Reports observations on hedgehogs collecting fruit with their spines.

Discusses the domestic pig of Formosa, its wild ancestors, and its capacity to breed with other races.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1867
Classmark:  DAR 177: 330
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5598

Matches: 7 hits

  • … flying squirrels native to Formosa ( Swinhoe 1862 , pp.  358–9). He also described the jay …
  • … action plan. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. Swinhoe, Robert. 1862. On the mammals of the island …
  • … of Formosa (China). [Read 9 December 1862. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1862): 347–65. Swinhoe, Robert. 1863a. The …
  • … pig as Porcula taivana (see Swinhoe 1862 , pp.  360–1), but later amended his description, …
  • … China. It was opened to foreign trade in 1862 ( Columbia gazetteer of the world ). Swinhoe …
  • … the Himalayan black bear (see Swinhoe 1862 , pp.  351–2), but after examining a number of …

From John Murray   19 September [1867]

Summary

Sends CD cheque for £250, two-thirds of the profits on the sale of 700 copies of Origin, 4th ed.

Hopes he has found a suitable indexer for Variation.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Sept [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 350, 524
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5630

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … I will ask for a sample for your approval Chas Darwin Esq Dr Darwin on Orchids Cr 1862
  • 1862 June To Balance Deficiency 45 5 1 June By 685 on hand Sept " Electros 3 6 – 4  …
  • … from John Murray, [1 July – 23 August 1862] ). After receiving the statement for Orchids , …
  • … 10, letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] and n.  4). Trade purchasers received one free …

From Francis Elliott Kitchener   9 November 1867

Summary

Sends Swiss Aquilegia flowers in which insects have eaten away the spurs.

Suggests fetid smell of Stapelia attracts carrion flies.

Author:  Francis Elliott Kitchener
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 169: 39
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5674

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … by the odour of the flowers was considered by Henri Lecoq (Lecoq 1862, pp.  270–1). …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Lecoq 1862 in the Darwin Library–CUL. …

From Edward Blyth   19 February 1867

Summary

Encloses memorandum on Origin [1866]

discussing mimicry in mammals and birds,

abnormal habits shown by birds,

behaviour of cuckoos,

and analogies existing between mammals of the same geographical region.

Speculates on possible lines of development linking groups of mammals.

[CD’s notes on the verso of the letter are for his reply.]

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 160: 209, 209/1 & 2, DAR 47: 190, 190a, DAR 80: B99–99a, DAR 205.11: 138, DAR 48: A75
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5405

Matches: 7 hits

  • … John Murray. 1845. Layard, Edgar Leopold. 1862. Notes on the sea-birds observed during a …
  • … Zealand ( Ocydromus australis ), vide ‘Ibis’, 1862, p.  103. Some of the New Zealand birds …
  • … of Bengal, Calcutta, India from 1841 to 1862 ( DNB ). For more on Blyth’s career, see …
  • … was first issued in twenty-five parts from 1862 to 1873; part 4, issued by 1865, included …
  • … an article in Ibis (J.  F.  J.  von Haast 1862); Julius von Haast described the weka (now …
  • … caught by a snare (J.  F.  J.  von Haast 1862, pp.  105, 106). CD discussed the acquired …
  • … diving behaviour as described in Layard 1862 ; the scientific name is now Daption capense. …

To the Linnean Society   22 February [1867]

Summary

Sends J. P. M. Weale’s paper on Bonatea for consideration by Linnean Society [J. Linn. Soc. Lond. (Bot.) 10 (1869): 470–6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  22 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  Linnean Society of London (SP.1249)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5411

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum ’: …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] Trimen, …

From Fritz Müller   4 March 1867

Summary

Reports observations on fertility of orchids he has self-pollinated and crossed with pollen of other species.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Mar 1867
Classmark:  DAR 142: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5429

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and Joseph Dalton Hooker (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83), which was published in seven parts. …
  • … The first part appeared in 1862, the second in 1865. CD reported sending the volumes in …
  • … and Schizolobium , see Bentham and Hooker 1862–83, 1: 181, 569. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …

From A. R. Wallace   1 October [1867]

Summary

Informs CD of his reply to Argyll and the North British Review criticisms [in "Creation by law", Q. J. Sci. 4 (1867): 471–88]. Cites "the predicted Madagascar moth" and Angraecum sesquipedale.

Birth of Herbert Spencer Wallace.

Author:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 106: B43–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5637

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Parallel roads of Glen Roy’: Observations …
  • … specimen of Angraecum sesquipedale in January 1862 and was astounded by the length of its …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ). In Orchids , p.  198, CD concluded: ‘in …

To E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung   22 November [1867]

Summary

Encloses list of people to whom he would like presentation copies of the German edition of Variation sent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung
Date:  22 Nov [1867]
Classmark:  Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart (Cod. hist. 4o 333a, 77, 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5694

Matches: 2 hits

  • … editions of Origin (Bronn trans.  1860, 1862, 1863, and Bronn and Carus trans.  1867). See …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From Carl Vogt   8 April 1867

Summary

Asks whether he may have right to translate Variation into German.

Author:  Carl Vogt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 180: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5495

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … editions of Origin (Bronn trans.  1860 and 1863), and Orchids (Bronn trans.  1862), died …
  • … in 1862. Vogt was professor of geology at Geneva, and had applied CD’s theory of descent …

To Hermann Müller   16 August [1867]

Summary

Made aware by Asa Gray of error with respect to Cypripedium. Does not doubt it is self-fertilised.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  16 Aug [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 429, Krause 1884
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5608

Matches: 3 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  16). Gray later published …
  • … Journal of Science and Arts (A.  Gray 1862). In Orchids 2d ed. , pp.  230–1, CD described …

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   4 May [1867]

Summary

Thanks LR for sending his works.

Correcting proofs of Variation.

Chapter on pigs and cattle derived mostly from LR’s work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  4 May [1867]
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5527

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Buchhandlung (C. Detloff). Rütimeyer, Ludwig. 1862. Eocaene Säugethiere aus dem Gebiet des …
  • … Collection–CUL are offprints of Rütimeyer 1862 (annotated on the back, ‘not read’), …

To William Erasmus Darwin   27 [March 1867]

Summary

Thanks WED for a present.

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s Reign of law [1867].

Is busy revising proofs [of Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  27 [Mar 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5466

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). Campbell argued that the natural laws …

To Alfred Newton   4 March [1867]

Summary

Thanks for information about the dotterel.

CD had ascertained by dissection that the female of the carrion-hawk of the Falkland Islands is very much brighter coloured than the male. Has inquired about its nidification. Mentions other instances of female birds that are brighter and more beautiful than the males and suggests causes for this anomaly.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  4 Mar [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5430

Matches: 2 hits

  • … above). In The birds of India ( Jerdon 1862–4 , 2: 597) Thomas Claverhill Jerdon discussed …
  • … John Murray. 1871. Jerdon, Thomas Claverhill. 1862–4. The birds of India; being a natural …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   [after 6 July 1867]

thumbnail

Summary

Sends W. M. Canby’s observations on the carnivorous powers of Dionaea. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 301, 310, 313.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 6 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5580

Matches: 2 hits

  • … plant genus, Drosera , between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10). He decided …
  • … letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ); he published Insectivorous plants in 1875. …

From Fritz Müller   1 January 1867

Summary

Describes his experiments in fertilising Oncidium flexuosum and comparison with Notylia.

Has been examining Catasetum.

Encloses seeds of two species of Gesneria and describes hairs in the seed capsule. Hairs in other plants seem to have a different function.

Starting tomorrow for a botanical excursion on the Continent.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Jan 1867
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 104–9; DAR 157a: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5344A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 5th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …

From Francis Walker   9 December 1867

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Summary

The horns and spines of homopterous insects do not vary between sexes. Sexual differences in Blattidae.

Author:  Francis Walker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1867
Classmark:  DAR 82: A48–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5718

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Tipografia Carmigani. Passerini, Giovanni. 1862–3. Aphididae italicae hucusque observatae. …
  • … aphids ( Passerini 1860 and Passerini 1862–3 ); Walker refers to the English publication …
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

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  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

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  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

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  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

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  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

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  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

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  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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