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To J. D. Hooker   22 December [1865]

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Summary

Is working one hour a day now, on illegitimate seedlings of Lythrum and Primula.

Begins to doubt John Scott’s accuracy about primrose and cowslip.

Does JDH believe in Karsten’s denial of parthenogenesis of Coelebogyne?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 Dec [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 278, 278b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4953

Matches: 12 hits

  • … Bibliography Brewster, David. 1862. The facts and fancies …
  • … of Mr Darwin. Good Words (1862): 3–9. Collected papers : The collected papers of Charles …
  • … other botanists ( Karsten 1861 , pp.  88–93). In 1862, CD had received a letter from Scott …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] ; see also letter from …
  • … John Scott, 15 November [1862] , and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Coelebogyne ilicifolia is listed as a synonym of …
  • … Index Kewensis ). It is on CD’s 1862 list of hothouse plants (see Correspondence vol.  11, …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 518). David Brewster and John Hutton Balfour …
  • … serenity of the Christian world’ ( Brewster 1862 , p.  3; see also Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 13  January 1862, and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 22 January [1862] ). Balfour had expressed his opposition to CD’ …
  • … to humans in his letter of 14 January 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See also letter …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [February 1865]

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Summary

Hildebrand has sent copy of his paper on Pulmonaria in Botanische Zeitung.

How much should CD contribute to Falconer’s bust?

Oswald Heer on alpine and Arctic floras.

A. R. Wallace on geographical distribution in Malay Archipelago.

Lyell’s new edition of Elements. Wishes someone would do a book like it on botany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [Feb 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 261
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4772

Matches: 9 hits

  • … collaborating on a multi-volume work on systematic botany (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). …
  • … John Murray. 1859. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1862. List of birds from the Sula Islands (east …
  • … of Celebes), with descriptions of the new species. [Read 13 January 1862. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1862): 333–46. …
  • … 253, 258). See Correspondence vol.  10, letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] and …
  • … 7 March [1862], and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 ; see also Browne 1983 , pp.  117–29, 133–5. For Heer’s …
  • … in the Malay Archipelago, where Wallace had made observations between 1854 and 1862 ( …
  • … Wallace 1862 , 1863a, 1863b, 1863c, and 1864b). Wallace had sent these papers to CD in …

From Samuel Butler   1 October 1865

Summary

Autobiographical letter describing how, when he could not conscientiously take orders, he went to New Zealand and has now returned to England to study art.

Fascinated and delighted by Origin

and is pleased that his pamphlet [Evidence for the resurrection of Jesus Christ] pleases CD.

Author:  Samuel Butler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Oct 1865
Classmark:  DAR 106: A1–2; Butler 1923, pp. 198–201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4904

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 10, letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 9 October 1862  and n.  1). Richard Owen had presented a …
  • … he argued against CD’s theory (R.  Owen 1862; see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … T.  H. Huxley, 9 October 1862  and n.  6). …
  • … of Christchurch, New Zealand, on 20 December 1862. CD had been sent a copy of the article …
  • … a response to Butler’s article of 20 December 1862, was printed in the Press , 17 January  …
  • … of the original article of 20 December 1862 and the writer of the critical response of 17  …
  • … held in Cambridge from 1 to 8 October 1862. He delivered an inaugural address to the …
  • … On the conditions and prospects of biological science’ ( Parthenon 1 (1862): 749). …
  • … The Times , 3 October 1862, p.  7, reported that Huxley had ‘emphatically affirmed that …

From J. D. Hooker   13 July 1865

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Summary

Studying moraines.

On Lubbock’s book [see 4860], and Lyell’s apology. Recapitulates whole affair.

W. E. H. Lecky [Rise of rationalism in Europe (1865)] and other reading.

Spencer’s observations are wrong on umbellifers, his reasoning partially right.

Natural History Review is all but defunct.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 July 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 30–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4873

Matches: 9 hits

  • … John W. Parker & Son. Colenso, John William. 1862– 79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua …
  • … Roberts, & Green. Lewis, George Cornewall. 1862. Historical survey of the astronomy of the …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Paine, Thomas. 1794. The age of reason: …
  • … through central and eastern Arabia (1862–63). 2 vols. London and Cambridge: Macmillan and …
  • … Lubbock pointed out that in G.  C.  Lewis 1862 , pp.  455 and 467, George Cornewall Lewis …
  • … The reference is to Orchids , published in 1862. William Edward Hartpole Lecky’s History …
  • … William Colenso, bishop of Natal ( Colenso 1862–79 ). In his pamphlet, Gray echoes Paine’s …
  • … of the Bible (see, for example Colenso 1862–79 , 2: vi; see also Davidson and Scheick  …
  • … travelled across central Arabia in 1862 and 1863 ( DNB ). In 1864 Hooker mentioned to CD …

From Clémence Auguste Royer   [April–June 1865]

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Summary

Notes on the caste system of India; its influences on form and habit.

Author:  Clémence Auguste Royer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr–June 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 80: B44
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5339

Matches: 8 hits

  • … letter from Edouard Claparède, 6 September 1862 ). However, ‘sélection’ was already in use …
  • … as ‘élection naturelle’ (Royer trans.  1862). In the second French edition, ‘sélection’ …
  • … edition of her translation (Royer trans.  1862, p.  57), Royer inserted a note comparing …
  • … French edition of Origin (see Royer trans.  1862, Préface). For a discussion of Royer’s …
  • … also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 10– 20 June [1862] , letter to Armand …
  • … de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] , letter from Edouard …
  • … Claparède, 6 September 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . In a letter from Emma Darwin to H.  E.  Darwin, [6 June  …

From George Stewardson Brady   19 March 1865

Summary

CD’s statement in Origin that clover is utterly dependent on humble-bee for fertilisation has been questioned by his friend’s evidence of visits by other insects. Asks CD’s opinion.

Author:  George Stewardson Brady
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 160: 276
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4790

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1860] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and [ …
  • … 3 September 1862], letter to W.  E.   …
  • … Darwin, [2–3 September 1862] and n.  5, …
  • … off the coast of Northumberland and Durham 1862–4]. Natural History Transactions of …
  • … and letter to Asa Gray, [ 3–]4 September [1862] ). CD modified his statements in the third …

From Lucy Caroline Wedgwood   [April–May 1865?]

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Summary

Observations for CD on oxlips, which she finds never grow near cowslips or primroses.

Author:  Lucy Caroline Wedgwood; Lucy Caroline Harrison
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [Apr–May 1865?]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 171–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4370

Matches: 5 hits

  • … s notes on these experiments, dated between 1862 and 1867, are in DAR 108 and DAR 157a. He …
  • … two sisters, Katherine and Margaret, in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to K.   …
  • … L.  C. , and M.  S. Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] ; see also Correspondence vol.  12, letter …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  13). Though CD seemed confident …
  • … and carrying out experiments since 1862 to test his initial view that the three forms were …

From Henry Holland   2 January 1865

Summary

Thanks for Lythrum paper [Collected papers 2: 106–31].

T. S. Cobbold’s book on the Entozoa [1864].

Remarks on development of the tapeworm.

Author:  Henry Holland
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1865
Classmark:  DAR 166: 245
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4735

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on dimorphism in Pulmonaria and other genera in 1862, 1863, and 1864 (see Correspondence …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 264–92. Cobbold, Thomas Spencer. 1864. …
  • … 10, letter from Henry Holland, 26 March [1862] ). ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ . …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Holland, Henry. 1862. Essays on scientific and other subjects …
  • … on Origin (see Holland 1859 and Holland 1862 , pp.  98–9). CD was highly critical of …

To Asa Gray   19 April [1865]

Summary

Congratulates AG on the "grand news of Richmond".

Still interested in dimorphism and would welcome new cases.

Working on Variation

and correcting proofs of Climbing plants.

Would like seed of AG’s dimorphic Plantago.

Cannot understand how the wind could fertilise reciprocally dimorphic flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Apr [1865]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (77)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4467

Matches: 7 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Dupree, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … example, Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letters to Asa Gray, 2 January [ …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to Asa Gray, 11 May [ …
  • … 10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] , Correspondence vol.  11, letter to W.  E.   …

To John Murray   31 March [1865]

Summary

Has made progress [on Variation]. Hopes it will go to press in the autumn. Lists his needs for cuts to be made – altogether 50.

Supposes Origin has ceased selling. Would be sorry to have labour of another edition. A new French edition is wanted.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  31 Mar [1865]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 131–135)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4801

Matches: 6 hits

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Dixon, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … Cirripedia ( 1851 , 1854 ), and Orchids (1862). In preparing many of these illustrations, …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Murray, 9 April [1862] , and Freeman 1977 , p.  112. CD refers to …
  • … of Origin , translated by Clémence Auguste Royer, was published in 1862 (Royer trans.   …
  • 1862; see Correspondence vol.  10). A second French edition, with notes added by CD, was …

From John Traherne Moggridge   17 May [1865]

Summary

Sends fresh plants from France: Lythrum graefferi, Romulea.

Does CD know Pulmonaria is dimorphic?

Author:  John Traherne Moggridge
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 May [1865]
Classmark:  DAR 171: 202
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4835

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of the trimorphic Lythrum graefferi in 1862 in order to compare it with L.  salicaria (see …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, [17 September 1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] ; the specimens are in DAR 142). He gave a brief description …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …

To F. W. Farrar   2 November [1865]

Summary

Has enjoyed FWF’s volume [Chapters on language]. Had found Max Müller’s theory obscure and weak.

Believes FWF would come to agree with him on species if he studied general questions in natural history. To argue for immutability of species on the basis of geology resembles a wise savage in a nation with no books saying his language has never changed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Frederic William Farrar
Date:  2 Nov [1865]
Classmark:  University of Virginia Library, Special Collections (3314 1: 80)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4929

Matches: 5 hits

  • … at the Museum of Practical Geology in 1862 (T.  H.  Huxley 1863b; see L.  Huxley ed.   …
  • … published lectures (T.  H.  Huxley 1862) is in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …
  • … the first volume of Max Müller’s lectures in 1862; he expressed dissatisfaction with Max …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  5). On Max Müller’s theory of language, see Schrempp  …

To Charles Lyell   22 January [1865]

Summary

Criticises Duke of Argyll’s address [to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1864)] and demurs on Argyll’s "new birth" theory.

Agrees with CL on beauty.

Enjoyed hearing of Princess Royal’s discussion [on Darwinism].

CD’s illness.

CL’s advice on chapter [of Variation] on dogs was excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.304)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4752

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Press. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 264–92. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … Campbell had reviewed Orchids in the October 1862 issue of the Edinburgh Review ( [G.   …
  • … D. Campbell] 1862 ). CD discussed the principle of correlation of growth in Origin , pp.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …

To J. D. Hooker   [29 July 1865]

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Summary

Was glad to read JDH’s article on glaciers of Yorkshire ["Moraines of the Tees Valley", Reader 6 (1865): 70].

Reader article [6 (1865): 61–2] about English and foreign men of science is unjust.

Lubbock is now lost to science.

B. Verlot’s pamphlet on variations of flowers [Sur la production et la fixation des variétés dans les plantes d’ornement (1865)] is very good.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [29 July 1865]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 273
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4874

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 10, letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 14 December [1862] ). In his letter in the Reader ( Hooker  …
  • … see Jukes 1862a and 1862b and Ramsay 1862 and 1865). Another geologist who favoured the …
  • … their theories (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from J.  B.  Jukes, 25 May 1862 and …
  • … 30 May 1862, letter from A.   …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 26 August 1862 , and letter to A.   …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] ). CD’s annotated copies of Jukes 1862b and Ramsay 1865   …

From W. B. Tegetmeier   13 March 1865

Summary

Will return page on pigeons.

Has concluded his crossing experiments and found no trace of hybrid sterility or loss of fertility.

The Field is publishing a series of papers on different pigeon varieties [24 (1864): 366, 395, 459; 25 (1865): 115, 139, 155, 228, 258].

Author:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 178: 63
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4785

Matches: 4 hits

  • … letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December 1862] , Correspondence vol.  11, letter from …
  • … to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December 1862] and n.  7, Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … Variation 1: 242–3, 2: 40). On 1 December 1862, the council of the Royal Society of London …
  • … Royal Society, council minutes, 1 December 1862). There is no record of a report on these …

From H. W. Bates   22 March 1865

Summary

Expresses pleasure at signs of CD’s recovery.

HWB’s work on the identification of species of the genus Colobthea; relates the large number of modifications that occur in the sexual organs of closely allied species. Does not doubt that this contributes greatly to multiplication of species in nature.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Mar 1865
Classmark:  DAR 160: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4792

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 8 (1861): 40–52, 147–52, 212–19, 471–8; 9 (1862): 117–24, 396–405, 446–58; 12 (1863): 100– …
  • … and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to H.  W.  Bates, 9 May [1862] , and letters from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 19 May 1862 and …
  • … 14 June 1862). Chrysomelidae are a family of leaf-beetles. CD also discussed the …

To A. R. Wallace   1 February [1865]

Summary

Exchange of photographs.

Aru pigs present perplexing case, whether wild or domesticated.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 46434, f. 53)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4760

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Scientific Album’ has not been found. Wallace 1862 , 1863a, 1863c, and 1864c. See letter …
  • … John Murray. 1868. Wallace, Alfred Russel. 1862. List of birds from the Sula Islands (east …
  • … of Celebes), with descriptions of the new species. [Read 13 January 1862. ] Proceedings …
  • … of the Zoological Society of London (1862): 333–46. …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 5 hits

  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 November [1862] . See also Origin , pp.  357–8. Lyell discussed …
  • … 10, letter from J.  B.  Jukes, 25 May 1862 and n.  4). The Purbeck beds are discussed in …
  • … topic since Ramsay had introduced his theory of their glacial origin in 1862 ( …
  • … Ramsay 1862). Although Lyell accepted that lakes were common in glaciated areas, he …
  • … 10, letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] ), but had also been impressed by other …

To Fritz Müller   10 August [1865]

Summary

Has read and admires FM’s work on species.

Observations on Crustacea are good and original; asks FM to dissect and check some of CD’s observations on cirripedes.

Has sent "Climbing plants" paper [J. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 9 (1865): 1–118] and would like to send Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  10 Aug [1865]
Classmark:  British Library (Loan MS 10 no 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4881

Matches: 4 hits

  • … to Orchids , which was translated into German in 1862 by Heinrich Georg Bronn (Bronn …
  • … trans.  1862). …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 4th ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … Natural History Review , [before 10 October 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD referred …

From J. D. Hooker   2 May 1865

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Summary

On FitzRoy’s suicide.

The Lyell–Ramsay disagreement [on formation of lakes?].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 May 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 20–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4826

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Office; he had been in Britain since 1862 as an agent of the Confederate States of …
  • … of rock basins in a paper read before the Geological Society of London on 5 March 1862 ( …
  • … Ramsay 1862); he elaborated the theory in Ramsay 1864. Lyell, however, argued that ice was …
  • … that Ramsay had already noted in Ramsay 1862. There is a lightly annotated copy of Ramsay  …
  • … 10, letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] , Correspondence vol.  12, letter to A.   …
Document type
letter (88)
Date
1865
01 (15)
02 (8)
03 (9)
04 (6)
05 (12)
06 (6)
07 (3)
08 (1)
09 (5)
10 (10)
11 (7)
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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