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From G. C. Oxenden   1 August 1864

Summary

Spent two days watching Epipactis palustris in a bog. Never saw a moth.

Thinks "Suddenism" and not "Graduality" is the great Law of Nature.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Aug 1864
Classmark:  DAR 173: 62, 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4581

Matches: 7 hits

  • … orchid (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, 30 May [1862] and …
  • … 4 June [1862], and Orchids 2d ed. , p.  25; see also CD’s note in DAR …
  • … grandiflora in his letter of 4 June [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). The postscript, …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … n.  2). In his second letter of 8 July 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Oxenden reported …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862] and …
  • … 21 June 1862, and CD’s notes in DAR 70: 25). CD discussed the species in Orchids , pp.   …

From Ernst Haeckel   2 January 1864

Summary

Returns letter mailed by mistake [see 4361].

Hopes CD will accept gift of his Radiolarien [Die Radiolarien, 2 vols. (1862)].

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Jan 1864
Classmark:  DAR 166: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4377

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 4361 ]. Hopes CD will accept gift of his Radiolarien [ Die Radiolarien , 2 vols. (1862)]. …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Haeckel, Ernst. 1862. Die Radiolarien. ( Rhizopoda Radiaria. ) …
  • … belong to the class Rhizopoda. Haeckel 1862  included a chapter on the taxonomic …
  • … from Ernst Haeckel, 9 [July 1864] . Haeckel 1862  included an atlas of thirty-five plates …
  • … that he would be ‘proud’ to receive Haeckel’s monograph Die Radiolarien ( Haeckel 1862 ). …
  • … CD’s copy of Haeckel 1862  is in the Darwin Library–Down; some pages are uncut (see …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [May 1864]

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Summary

CD’s pleasure at JDH’s willingness to help Scott find a position in India.

Naudin underrates contamination of his experiments by insects. Thus CD doubts Naudin’s results on rapidity and universality of reversion in hybrids.

Wallace’s paper on man [see 4494] reflects his genius, although CD does not fully agree with it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 236
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4506

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Naturelles ( Botanique ) 4th ser. 9: 257–78. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …
  • … to Naudin 1863 , and possibly to Naudin 1862 ; annotated copies of both are in the Darwin …
  • … that he may already have read Naudin 1862 . For CD’s reading of earlier papers by Charles …
  • … vol.  10, letter from C.  V.  Naudin, 26 June 1862  and n.  3, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  11. …
  • … reading of Naudin 1859a and possibly Naudin 1862 , see Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … In his letter to Asa Gray of 1 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD also expressed …
  • … 10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.  11). For comments of CD’s regarding …

From John Scott   7 January [1864]

Summary

Has finished correcting Primula paper [see 4332].

Has presented paper on monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 98, 99 f.3; Edinburgh Courant, 19 December 1863, p. 8.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4382

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from …
  • … Scott to publish a paper on the Primulaceae in December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] DNB : …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ). Scott and CD corresponded frequently …
  • … 128–33, and Correspondence vol.   10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 14). Beginning in 1862, he carried out experiments to answer this question (see n.   …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … with Scott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862], and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 25 [July 1863] and …

From Hermann Kindt   5 September 1864

Summary

Requests permission, for a friend, to publish extracts of Orchids in German translation.

Author:  Hermann Adolph Christian August (Hermann) Kindt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept 1864
Classmark:  DAR 169: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4609

Matches: 5 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Tort, Patrick. 1996. Dictionnaire du …
  • … The reference is to Orchids , published in 1862. Kindt’s friend has not been identified. …
  • … of Orchids by Heinrich Georg Bronn had been published on 20 October 1862 (Bronn trans.   …
  • 1862). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter …
  • … from H.  G.  Bronn, 21 June 1862 . In 1855 Ludwig (Louis) Büchner published Kraft und …

To John Lubbock   [1 January 1864]

Summary

JL’s review of Huxley ["Lectures to working men", Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 4 (1864)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [1 Jan 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 61 (EH 88206505)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4375

Matches: 6 hits

  • … VI). For CD’s reaction to T.  H.  Huxley 1862, see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to T.  H. Huxley, …
  • … lectures for working men delivered in November and December 1862 and first published …
  • … in six parts in 1862 (T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley 1862). There is an annotated copy of T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley 1862 in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: 423–4). Lubbock began his …

From C. C. Babington   6 June 1864

Summary

Cannot get any Stellaria graminea for CD. It is rare. Some, producing different kinds of flowers, once grew in Sandgate, Kent. Variations in flowers need to be re-examined.

Author:  Charles Cardale Babington
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 June 1864
Classmark:  DAR 160: 8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4521

Matches: 4 hits

  • … In his letter to Babington of 20  January [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote: ‘I …
  • … van Voorst. Babington, Charles Cardale. 1862. Manual of British botany, containing the …
  • … has been found. In his letter of 17 January 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Babington had …
  • … edition of his work ( C.  C.  Babington 1862 ), in which the description appears on pp.   …

From John Scott   19 March 1864

Summary

On fertilisation of Gongora.

His work on peloric Antirrhinum, Passiflora, and Verbascum, done at CD’s suggestion, is at CD’s disposal.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Mar 1864
Classmark:  DAR 177: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4432

Matches: 8 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … of Acropera ovules in his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10); see also …
  • … 203–6, Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to P.  H.  Gosse, 2  …
  • … the lack of nectar. CD did suspect in 1862 and 1863 that insects gnawed the labellum for …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and Correspondence vol.  11, letters from …
  • … to experiment with Verbascum and Passiflora in 1862 and 1863 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ; see also this volume, letters from John …

To Ernst Haeckel   3 March [1864]

Summary

Has received EH’s Die Radiolarien. Drawings admirably executed. Had no idea such low animals could develop such beautiful structures.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  3 Mar [1864]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A–Abt. 1: 1–52/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4419

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Haeckel, Ernst. 1862. Die Radiolarien. ( Rhizopoda Radiaria. ) …
  • … of his monograph Die Radiolarien ( Haeckel 1862 ), in which he first publicly endorsed CD’ …
  • … 1864  and n.  3). CD’s copy of Haeckel 1862  is in the Darwin Library–Down (see Marginalia …

From Ernst Haeckel   9 [July 1864]

Summary

No book has made such a powerful impression on EH as the Origin. Most older German scholars opposed to it, but number of supporters growing among the young. Fortunately strength of religious dogmas now small among educated Germans. Situation in Jena especially favourable. Defended CD’s theory last year at Congress of German Scientists in Stettin.

Intends special study of jellyfish.

Plans general work on natural history.

Hard fate [death of Anna Sethe Haeckel] has made EH indifferent to criticism.

Colleagues August Schleicher and Carl Gegenbaur also convinced by CD’s theory.

Author:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 [July 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4555

Matches: 7 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Haeckel, Ernst. 1862. Die Radiolarien. ( Rhizopoda Radiaria. ) …
  • … der Radiolarien (Berlin, Reimer 1862) habe ich mich beiläufig darüber ausgesprochen ( …
  • … a monograph of Radiolarien (Berlin, Reimer 1862) I already expressed myself on this in …
  • … on CD’s theory during the winter term, 1862–3. In zoology lectures given in the winter …
  • … his monograph Die Radiolarien ( Haeckel 1862 ); CD received it at the end of February (see …
  • … 3 March [1864] ). CD’s copy of Haeckel 1862  is in the Darwin Library–Down (see Marginalia …
  • … relationships of Radiolariae, see Haeckel 1862 , p.  234. Haeckel refers to the …

From Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [17 May 1864]

Summary

CD says Meneanthes is now in flower.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [17 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 219.1: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4498F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … trifoliata (buckbean or marsh trefoil); in 1862, he acquired the aquatic plant from the …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] and n.  3, letter to G.   …
  • … 10, letter from R.  M. Rolfe, 28 November 1862). Emma probably refers to her nephew Edmund …
  • … H.  K.  Thwaites, 20 June [1862] and n.  4, and note in DAR 110: B52). See also …

From Richard Trevor Clarke   25 November [1864]

Summary

Observations on Gossypium varieties.

Author:  Richard Trevor Clarke
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  25 Nov [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 161: 165
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4681

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Journal of Horticulture , [before 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Clarke had …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letters from R.  T.  Clarke, [after 25 November 1862] and [after …
  • … 27 November 1862]). CD cited Clarke’s observations on the crossing of hautbois with other …

To A. C. Ramsay   12 July [1864]

Summary

Thanks for his book [Physical geology and geography of Great Britain, 2d. ed. (1864)].

Pleased that ACR’s glacial lake theory is progressing. New Zealand lakes support the view. Suggests he write to Charles Gould in Tasmania, calling his attention to glacial action.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Andrew Crombie Ramsay
Date:  12 July [1864]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Ramsay 306: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4560

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of rock basins in a paper read before the Geological Society of London on 5 March 1862 ( …
  • … Ramsay 1862). CD largely supported the theory, although it was strongly criticised by Hugh …
  • … 10, letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] , and this volume, letters to J.  D.   …
  • … In his letter to Ramsay of 5 September [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD noted that …
  • … vol.  10, letter from A.  C.  Ramsay, 17 February 1862). Ramsay’s letter on fossils in the …

From Horace Benge Dobell   15 July 1864

Summary

Suggests man’s original mode of walking and running is similar to that of quadrupeds.

He also suggests CD answer critics who say no new species has ever been unequivocally traced to its origins, by pointing out that there is no unequivocal account of the origin of surnames.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July 1864
Classmark:  DAR 162: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4568

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of diseases and deformities (see Dobell 1862  and 1866, and Correspondence vol.  11, …
  • … London: John Churchill. Dobell, Horace. 1862. A contribution to the natural history …
  • … hereditary transmission. [Read 25 November 1862. ] Medico-Chirurgical Transactions 46: 25– …

To Alfred Russel Wallace   1 January 1864

Summary

Asa Gray’s high opinion of ARW as a reviewer [reference to S. Haughton’s paper on bees’ cells, Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 11 (1863): 415–29, reviewed by ARW in "Remarks on the Rev. S. Haughton’s paper", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 12 (1863): 303–9].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  1 Jan 1864
Classmark:  British Library (Add. MS 46434: 31)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4376

Matches: 4 hits

  • … wasps and by the honey bee; with an appendix on the origin of species’ (Haughton 1862). A …
  • … reprint ( Haughton 1863 ) of Haughton 1862 is in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  In …
  • … Lyell, [7 May 1863] . For more on Haughton 1862, see Hull 1973 , pp.  216–28; for CD’s …
  • … Wallace’s review (Wallace 1863a) of Haughton 1862 was published in the October 1863 issue …

To Ernst Haeckel   19 July [1864]

Summary

Thanks for praise [of Origin].

Comments on EH’s Die Radiolarien.

Grieved EH has suffered calamity [death of Anna Sethe Haeckel].

CD recovering from long illness.

Doing easy botanical work.

Mentions variability.

Discusses reception of CD’s views in Germany.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Ernst Philipp August (Ernst) Haeckel
Date:  19 July [1864]
Classmark:  Ernst-Haeckel-Haus (Bestand A-Abt. 1: 1-52/4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4569

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Haeckel, Ernst. 1862. Die Radiolarien. ( Rhizopoda Radiaria. ) …
  • … have been shown Die Radiolarien ( Haeckel 1862 ) by Thomas Henry Huxley when he visited …
  • … Huxley had obtained a copy in October 1862 (L.  Huxley ed.  1900, 1: 237). CD received his …

To Daniel Oliver   [c. 10 June 1864]

Summary

Asks DO to draw diagram of Lythrum on board at Linnean Society for reference during the reading of CD’s paper.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [c. 10 June 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 61 (EH 88206044)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4532

Matches: 2 hits

  • … his letter to W.   E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). The sketch is …
  • … sketch in his letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). …

From Joseph Beete Jukes   10 August 1864

Summary

CD’s support in JBJ’s controversy with Hugh Falconer is welcome. R. I. Murchison supports Falconer, and Lyell does not support their side strongly enough. Falconer and Jukes remain friends in private.

Author:  Joseph Beete Jukes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Aug 1864
Classmark:  DAR 168: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4587

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in his letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10; however, see …
  • … first presented by Andrew Crombie Ramsay in 1862, that such features were caused primarily …
  • … by the action of glaciers (see Ramsay 1862 and Reader , 6 February 1864, pp.  173–4, 12  …

To J. D. Hooker   [1 April 1864]

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Summary

Proposes to support John Scott in research on relative fertility and self-incompatibility of plants. CD would pay him for a year or two but wants JDH to give him research facilities at Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [1 Apr 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 226a–b
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4444

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862); since then Scott had been corresponding …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11). CD had …
  • … of different varieties of pelargonium in May 1862, with the object of discovering whether …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] ). Scott mentioned his work on peloric …

To E. A. Darwin   30 June 1864

Summary

Has heard nothing about the Copley Medal. Is grateful for Hugh Falconer’s interest [see 4546].

Supplies details about circumstances of his voyage on the Beagle.

Does not believe that his sea-sickness was the cause of his subsequent ill-health.

Encloses the requested list of publications [see 4550].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Erasmus Alvey Darwin
Date:  30 June 1864
Classmark:  ML 1: 247–8; DAR 154: 67
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4548A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Origin of Species.  1859. Fertilisation of Orchids.  1862. On the two Forms of Primula. …
  • … Journal Linn. Soc.  1862. On the two Forms and their reciprocal sexual relations in Linum. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …
Document type
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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