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To Asa Gray   2 January [1863]

Summary

Thanks AG for Cypripedium and Mitchella.

Plans to investigate pollination of Cypripedium.

Has finished Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Would welcome facts on "bud-variations".

Hears that Cinchona is dimorphic.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  2 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (56)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3897

Matches: 44 hits

  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] ). The construction was undertaken in 1863, …
  • … by the relationship of this letter to the letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 and …
  • … 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … CD reported feeling unwell in late December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … B.  Tegetmeier, 27 [December 1862] ). In a …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin of [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), Emma Darwin commented: ‘ …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] EB : The …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … very uncomf—’. See Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 and …
  • … 9 December 1862. Gray had sent CD a box containing specimens of Mitchella and Cypripedium …
  • … Africa (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … James Anderson, 23 December [1862] ). In his letter of 11 October 1861 ( Correspondence …
  • … the plant with his letter of 15 July [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD’s experimental …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). Cooper referred to Mitchella as the ‘ …
  • … 274–5. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 17 November 1862 , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and CD’s experimental note dated 19 April [1863] in DAR 70: …
  • … and published in the same journal in 1862. Jules Emile Planchon described the different …
  • … experimenting with the plant since March 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] ). His results are given in Forms of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to G.  H.  K.  Thwaites, 15 June [1862] and …
  • … 29 December [1862]). See also Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa Gray, [27 and 29  …
  • … IV). Letter from J.  D.  Dana, 4 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In 1859, James …
  • … At CD’s request, Gray had, since the summer of 1862, sent United States postage stamps for …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from Asa …
  • … Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). …
  • … Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10) had been sent using a ‘ …
  • … beginning work on this chapter in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix II), …
  • … cultivated (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862]). Gray replied to CD’s …
  • … section of his letter of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), which CD received …
  • … of Horticulture , [before 25 November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), and the annotated …
  • … articles on strawberries in CD’s issues of the Gardeners’ Chronicle (8 November 1862, p.   …
  • … 1053, and 22 November 1862, p.  1101), which are in the Cory Library, Cambridge Botanic …
  • … dealing with ‘bud-variation’ on 21 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). He read his account of this unusual plant …
  • … the course of two meetings on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . On 17 January 1863, Hooker travelled to …
  • … of Fredericksburg, fought on 13 December 1862; the Union army suffered one of its worst …
  • … Boott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). However, …
  • … in his letter of 26 December 1862 ( ibid. ), Boott asked that CD stop sending them since …
  • … in affected areas; between June and December 1862, the Cotton Districts Relief Fund had …
  • … cotton workers, making contributions on 14 July, 19 September, and 23 November 1862. …
  • … At the end of 1862, CD planned to build a hothouse in the garden at Down House (see …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 35 hits

  • … In his letter of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott promised to send CD …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Primula scotica is not dimorphic; in a …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote that …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … pp.  208–9). In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott informed …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ). Scott subsequently offered to send the …
  • … vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ). See also Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , letter from John Scott, [ …
  • … 20 November – 2 December 1862] , and n.  4, below. See CD note, above, in which he records …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). See ‘Fertilization of orchids’ , p.  153 ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letters to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] and …
  • … 19 November [1862]). …
  • … In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott described his success …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Scott refers to chapter 8 of Origin (pp.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19  December [1862] , for CD’s interest in the ‘relation of …
  • … and Laelia was an example. See also ibid. , letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]. In his letter of 26–7 January 1863, Isaac Anderson-Henry described a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and [20 …
  • … November – 2 December 1862]). See also n.  3, above. Scott described this and further …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD had suggested …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ), Scott later published a paper on dimorphism …
  • … CUL. In his letter of 19 December [1862] (see Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that …
  • … Scott experiment with peloric flowers. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … Scott 1863b). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . In …
  • … his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( ibid. ), CD suggested that Scott repeat the experiments conducted by …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD offered ‘ …
  • … horticultural Society of Madras on 12 March 1862, it was decided to re-engage Robert N.   …

To J. D. Hooker   13 January [1863]

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Summary

Acquired characteristics.

Huxley’s lectures: good on induction, bad on sterility, obscure on geology.

Asa Gray on slavery.

Falconer’s partial conversion.

Alphonse de Candolle on Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  13 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3913

Matches: 25 hits

  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker and Bentham departed for Paris …
  • … in London during November and December 1862; the lectures were published as T.  H.   …
  • … 1863], and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 January 1862]. T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.   …
  • … be confusing to a non-geologist. See letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862] and n.   …
  • … 7, and 18 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). T.  H.  Huxley 1863a, pp.  153–6. …
  • … from Alphonse de Candolle, 18 September 1862 ; see also following letter. CD’s annotated …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] ), and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … With his letter to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 3 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a …
  • … the third lecture, delivered on 24 November 1862 (‘The method by which the causes of the …
  • … n.  4. Letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In Asa Gray’s …
  • … in the bud (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). …
  • … In November and December 1862, CD and Hooker debated the effects of crossing on variation, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862 ). CD agreed with Gray (A.  Gray 1862d, p.   …
  • … form. See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . The …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; Gray’s …
  • … 51). The letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is incomplete; …
  • … s Democracy in America (H.  Reeve trans.  1862). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 6  …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … work on Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83), and also had official duties in his …
  • … of movement in Hedysarum and Mimosa in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). CD was keen to …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] , and this volume, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863   …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] , and this volume, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   20 April 1863

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Summary

Attacks by Falconer [Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] and Joseph Prestwich on Lyell.

W. B. Carpenter fails to attack Owen.

Welwitschia male cones with useless ovules marvellous example of lost function and retained structure.

JDH evaluates his sons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 128–31; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Director’s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4111

Matches: 25 hits

  • … xi–xxix. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … n.  2. Hooker’s letter to Haast of 18 September 1862 is in the Alexander Turnbull Library, …
  • … Haast refers to Hooker’s letter of 2 July 1862, in which Hooker expressed enthusiasm about …
  • … from Hooker to Haast, 18 September 1862, in the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, …
  • … In his letter to Haast of 18 September 1862 (Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New …
  • … s paper on the glacial origin of lakes (Ramsay 1862). For CD’s interest in the paper, see …
  • … 10, letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] . Haast refers to Orchids. In his address …
  • … Kew (J.  D.  Hooker, 1864–7, p.  12). In late 1862, Canterbury province was represented by …
  • … by imperial resources in 1861 and 1862; provincial expenditures for the conflicts between …
  • … London: Ray Society. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua …
  • … Lake Ohau   N.  Zealand December 10 th . 1862. My dear D r . Hooker Having hurt my right …
  • … to Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862 , which appeared in the Athenæum , 28 March  …
  • … before the Linnean Society on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863; it was published in …
  • … of Joshua critically examined ( Colenso 1862–79 ) by the liberal clergyman John William …
  • … also wrote a letter to CD on 9 December 1862 (see enclosure to letter from Julius von …
  • … in Britain. In his letter of 7 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Hooker informed …
  • … Hooker’s letter to Haast of 18 September 1862, he explained that he had not yet had time …
  • … took place during the first five months of 1862 (see J.  F.  J. von Haast 1879 , pp.  18– …
  • … 5 March 1863  and n.  12. Hooker sent Haast’s letter of 9 June 1862 with his letter to …
  • … CD of 20 September 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … letter from Julius von Haast of 9 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), is reproduced …
  • … the letter from Haast to Hooker of 10 August 1862, in the archives of the Royal Botanic …
  • … collection in a letter to Hooker of 9 June 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, enclosure to …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 September 1862  and n.  7). Haast also refers to Hooker’s …
  • … of the plants collected by Haast on his 1862–3 expedition, see H.  F.  von Haast 1948 , …

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

Matches: 18 hits

  • … 10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862] and n.  21). Scott’s experiments were published in Scott 1864d. The …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: On the …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862; only an abstract was published (Scott  …
  • … on Drosera and Dionaea between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10); however, he …
  • … 10, letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ). CD resumed his research on these plants …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and n.  10. Scott sent CD an abstract of his …
  • … with CD on Primula since November 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). CD communicated …
  • … 1). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 14, letter to John Scott, 3  December [1862] and nn.  13–15, and this volume, letter to …
  • … results, based on experiments performed between 1862 and 1867, in ‘Specific difference in …
  • … acaulis) , and P.  veris (officinalis) , and were carried out between 1862 and 1865. …
  • … On the 1862 experiments, see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  2, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … and letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  6. CD’s notes on homomorphic crosses …
  • … than by their own pollen, suggested these experiments in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …

From Hugh Falconer   3 January [1863]

Summary

Describes an astounding "sort of mis-begotten-bird-creature", the Archaeopteryx, a grand Darwinian case.

His elephant paper is out in Natural History Review [(1863): 43–114].

Author:  Hugh Falconer
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 164: 10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3899

Matches: 17 hits

  • … papers 2: 93–105. ] Wagner, Johann Andreas. 1862. On a new fossil reptile supposed to be …
  • … below). In his letter of 14 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Falconer …
  • … of Linum in his letter of 14 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). However, he made …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] ; see also letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 1 October [1862] ). The published paper included a section in which …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] DSB : …
  • … 6: 1–8. Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp von. 1862. Denkrede auf Joh. Andreas Wagner. …
  • … der öffentlichen Sitzung am 28. November 1862. Munich: [Könighlich-bayerische] Akademie [ …
  • … 10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 29 December [1862] . See also letter to Asa Gray, 2 January [ …
  • … 10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] . Falconer refers to the fossil, recently …
  • … £400, and was brought to London in October 1862 ( Rupke 1994 , pp.  71–4). See also A.   …
  • … the Royal Society of London on 20 November 1862 (Owen 1862a), was the earliest account of …
  • … be furnished with feathers’ ( J.  A.  Wagner 1862 ). He named the creature Griphosaurus , …
  • … enigma’. Wagner concluded ( J.  A.  Wagner 1862 , pp.  266–7): I must add a few words to …
  • … in arguing against CD’s views ( Martius 1862 , pp.  8–10). Falconer’s paper on American …
  • … of his paper on the American fossil elephants in September 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … from Hugh Falconer, 24–7 September [1862] ). In the published paper (Falconer 1863a), …

To John Scott   16 February [1863]

Summary

Tells JS Acropera capsule should be left to grow.

JS was correct on "bud-variation" in fern frond.

Does not believe Primula structure necessarily related to dioecism, but the difference in fertility of the two forms forced him to admit the possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B55, B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3991

Matches: 16 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). See also n.  9, above. The letter, up …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: On the …
  • … 10; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 and n.   …
  • … 3, and letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] , and this volume, letter from John Scott, …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Scott to …
  • … CD stated: Mr.  John Scott informs me that in 1862 Imatophyllum miniatum , in the Botanic …
  • … seeds with his letter to CD of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See also n.   …
  • … writing on variation in maize in November 1862, and urged Scott to repeat Karl Friedrich …
  • … of maize (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862], and this volume, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 , n.  2o). In …
  • … colour’. Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Scott gave a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] ). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 , letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] , and letter from John …
  • … Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . James McNab was curator of the Royal Botanic …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …

From Edwin Brown   14 February 1863

Summary

Sends copy of his second paper on mutability of race forms ["On the mutability of species", Proceedings of the Northern Entomological Society, 22 December 1862, pp.4–26].

On tactics of his opponents.

He and Bates have divided up Carabidae and Vanessa for studying relationship of forms.

Author:  Edwin Brown
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 160: 325
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3983

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Northern Entomological Society , 22 December 1862, pp.4–26]. On tactics of his opponents. …
  • … 10, letter from H.  W.  Bates, 17 October 1862 ). Carabidae are a family of beetles and …
  • … of specific or race forms’, in October 1862 (E.  Brown 1862a; see Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … letter to H.  W.  Bates, 15 October [1862] ). In his second paper, Brown replied to his …
  • … appeared in the Proceedings of the Northern Entomological Society , 4 October 1862, p.   …
  • … 9, and 22 December 1862, pp.  16–19. Brown took the view that in emphasising variation by …
  • … reproduced in the Proceedings of the Northern Entomological Society of 28 July 1862, p.   …
  • … 18, 4 October 1862, pp.   …
  • … 8–13, and 22 December 1862, pp.  14–23. John Obadiah Westwood was the principal critic …
  • … the Northern Entomological Society , 4 October 1862, pp.  9–13, that certain species had …

To Hugh Falconer   5 [and 6] January [1863]

Summary

His admiration for HF’s paper on American fossil elephant.

Notes "temporary irruption of S. American forms into N. America".

Rejoices that HF has "smashed" case of Mastodon on Timor.

Shares HF’s anger at Owen.

He is eager to hear about fossil bird [Archaeopteryx].

Comments on criticisms of species theory by [Johann Andreas?] Wagner.

Describes research on fertilisation of Melastomataceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hugh Falconer
Date:  5 and 6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 144: 29
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3901

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of the seeds gathered in April and May 1862, CD counted 8911 (DAR 205.8: 30). See also …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . …
  • … 1861] , and Correspondence vol.  10, letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ). …
  • … he continued the research throughout 1862 and 1863, he reached no definite conclusion and …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … Murray. 1877. Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp von. 1862. Denkrede auf Joh. Andreas Wagner. …
  • … der öffentlichen Sitzung am 28. November 1862. Munich: [Könighlich-bayerische] Akademie [ …
  • … 10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 14 November [1862] and n.  13. Falconer 1863a, pp.  77–81. …
  • … of his paper on American fossil elephants in September 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Hugh Falconer, 24–7 September [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] , and this volume, letter from Hugh Falconer, 3 January [ …
  • … his letter to Falconer of 14 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked whether …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Hugh Falconer, 29 December [1862] ). Falconer had mentioned to CD the …
  • … Lyell, 11 October [1859] ). Martius 1862 . See letter from Hugh Falconer, 3 January [1863] …

To Asa Gray   19 January [1863]

Summary

Comments on his own review of Bates’s butterfly paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thanks AG for information on Platanthera.

Has been wasting more time with Melastomataceae; can find no nectar in Monochaetum; is there any in Rhexia?

Hopes Lincoln’s "fiat against Slavery" will have some effect.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  19 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3927

Matches: 14 hits

  • … of this letter to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See …
  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November 1862. Gray’s reference to glucose and starch has not been found, but …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Sprengel 1793 . …
  • … CD refers to the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). …
  • … in species of Linum ’ , in December 1862. The paper was to be read before the Linnean …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862  and n.  3. See letter from H.  W.  Bates, …
  • … observations for CD in the past, but in July 1862 he enlisted in the 131st Pennsylvania …
  • … Infantry ( DAB ; see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 and …
  • … 22 September 1862). …
  • … In September 1862, Abraham Lincoln announced his emancipation proclamation, in which he …
  • … States government in 1861, and, in February 1862, the Legal Tender Act was passed. By the …

To Asa Gray   20 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses the meaning of C. K. Sprengel’s term "dichogamy". Dichogamous plants are functionally monoecious; Primula is functionally dioecious.

Reports Hermann Crüger’s observations of Cattleya and of bees pollinating Catasetum. Crüger will observe Melastomataceae.

Has built a hothouse.

Fears Amsinckia cannot be dimorphic.

Ill health slows his work on Variation.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (58)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4053

Matches: 14 hits

  • … read them (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … Leonard’s collection since the summer of 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). The reference …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 1861 , and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862], and letters from Asa …
  • … Gray, 18–19 August 1862 and …
  • … 29 December 1862). Gray evidently discussed Bates 1861  in a letter to CD written on 9  …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . The reference is to Sprengel 1793 , in …
  • … In his letter to Gray of 26[–7] November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD objected to …
  • … dioeciousness. In his reply of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray drew on …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … dimorphic plant Mitchella repens in December 1862, for use in crossing experiments (see …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … Horace Darwin had been ill for much of 1862 (see letter from G.  V.  Reed, 12 January …

From John Scott   16 January 1863

Summary

Experiments to cut Laelia stigma from rostellum and then to fertilise rostellum are baffled by "a latent instinctive power". Somehow the pollen-tubes find their way to the style.

Suggests CD study variation in ferns.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3921

Matches: 14 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] , for CD’s advice to Scott regarding the …
  • … Laelia. See also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] ( ibid. ). In his letter to CD …
  • … in particular his attempt on 13 December 1862 to cross Stanhopea oculata with Laelia …
  • … Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, and was published as an abstract (Scott 1862b). …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Scott to …
  • … work with this species instead (see ibid. , letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]). In …
  • … his letter to CD of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott reported that he …
  • … ibid. , letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] ). In Cattleya and the related Laelia , …
  • … on ‘bud-variation’, which he began on 21 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … in his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862], CD asked him to provide any cases of ‘what …
  • … a copy of his paper to CD in December 1862, noting the impact on the theory of natural …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] ). The letter in which this offer was made …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 January 1863]

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Summary

JDH on Asa Gray’s sanguine view of the Civil War and slavery.

Wishes to discuss variation with CD, a subject that Huxley does not understand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [15 Jan 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 101–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3919

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the …
  • … enclosed Asa Gray’s letter of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), in which Gray …
  • … his letter to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Hooker had started …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.   …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10; see n.  2, above). …
  • … between 10 November and 15 December 1862. The lectures were entitled ‘On our knowledge of …
  • … nn.  5–9, and Correspondence vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 December [1862] and …
  • … 28 December [1862], and Appendix VI.  There is an annotated copy of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a …
  • … microscopic study of Foraminifera ( Carpenter 1862 ), Carpenter described and classified …
  • … displayed. There is a copy of Carpenter 1862  in the Darwin Library– Down. T.  H.  Huxley  …
  • … a postscript to his letter of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Gray replied to …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Gray’s postscript has not been found. For …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] ). Hooker refers to his son, Charles Paget …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   3 January [1863]

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Summary

Indignant over Owen’s conduct as described in Hugh Falconer’s article on elephants ["On the American fossil elephant of the regions bordering the Gulf of Mexico", Nat. Hist. Rev. (1863): 43–114].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 178
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3898

Matches: 14 hits

  • … s queries with his letter of [27 or 28 December 1862] ( ibid. ). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 December 1862] . Henry Parker, the son of …
  • … Parker, visited Down House on 29 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). Corrosive sublimate (mercuric chloride) was used in …
  • … Owen 1858 and 1861b, and Blake 1861). In 1862, Blake argued that, according to the rules …
  • … and was likely to propagate errors (Blake 1862, p.  58). Falconer refuted the claims of …
  • … of the Royal Society of London in November 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.   Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and nn.  9 and 10). Owen was not re-elected at the 30  …
  • … part of volume 1 of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. CD’s annotated copy of this number of the …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] . CD’s daughter, Henrietta Emma Darwin, was …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] ). Both CD and Emma Darwin were grandchildren of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] and n.  5). …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( ibid. ), CD asked several questions about …

From Charles William Crocker   1[–4] May 1863

Summary

Observes Plantago’s out-crossing mechanism.

Observations of style lengths of primroses and cowslips.

Author:  Charles William Crocker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1[–4] May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 110: 28, DAR 161: 260
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4135

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Appendix IV). In a missing letter of November 1862, CD had directed Crocker’s attention to …
  • … letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 24 November 1862 ). Crocker subsequently carried out a number …
  • … of heterostyly in wild primroses in 1862, providing data on the frequency of long-, …
  • … styled forms (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from C.  W. Crocker, 17 May 1862 and …
  • … 31 October 1862). CD published Crocker’s observations of heterostyly in Primula sinensis …
  • … letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 31 October 1862 . The letter with which CD sent the netting …
  • … the letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). In a missing …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from C.  W.  Crocker, [before 13 March 1862], 17  …
  • … May 1862, and …
  • … 24 November 1862). For an indication of the questions CD was pursuing with regard to …
  • … in his letter to CD of 31 October 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), and CD included the …
  • … from C.  W.  Crocker, 24 November 1862  and nn.  6 and 8), and of Linaria vulgaris (see …
  • … vol.  10, letter to M.  T.  Masters, 8 July [1862] ). CD carried out a series of …
  • … different varieties of Pelargonium in May 1862 and was seeking information on pelorism in …

To Asa Gray   20 April [1863]

Summary

Fears England and U. S. will drift into war; he and AG must "keep to Science".

Thanks for facts on Incas; regrets he has always avoided the case of man.

Has sent his Linum paper [Collected papers 2: 93–105].

Is it true that Ohio has legislated against marriage of cousins?

Can AG explain the invariable angles in phyllotaxy; are they the consequence of packing in the early bud?

Owen’s comments on heterogeny in the Athenæum [28 Mar 1863] have vexed W. B. Carpenter; CD has replied [Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Hopes AG will observe Gymnadenia; John Scott has been experimenting on its fertilisation.

Gives his observation on pollination of Cypripedium.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  20 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (51)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4110

Matches: 14 hits

  • … Murray. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … 378–97. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … by George Douglas Campbell, duke of Argyll, published in the October 1862 number of the …
  • … Edinburgh Review ( [Campbell] 1862 ). CD refers to …
  • … article in the Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp.  589–90, that critically examined …
  • … vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and this volume, letter to Asa Gray, 2  …
  • … Pa. : Taylor & Francis. Devay, Francis. 1862. Du danger des mariages consanguins sous le …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … s University Press. Loring, Charles Greely. 1862. Correspondence on the present relations …
  • … outbreak of the American Civil War ( Loring 1862 ). In his letter to Gray of 23 February [ …
  • … 95; Collected papers 2: 62). Since March 1862, he had been observing live specimens (see …
  • … case was one of mere variability’. Devay 1862 , p.  141. There is a lightly annotated copy …
  • … Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862  appeared in the Athenæum , 28 March 1863, pp.   …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 22  September 1862  and n.  13). He published comments on …

To Thomas Henry Huxley   10 [January 1863]

Summary

CD overwhelmed by THH’s praise.

Agrees with his reservations about species theory but not wholly about sterility and gives his reasons for differing.

On Natural History Review, Hugh Falconer, and R. Owen.

Has written a review [Collected papers 2: 87–92] of H. W. Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  10 [Jan 1863]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 183)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3852

Matches: 13 hits

  • … to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566]. …
  • … the letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10; see nn.  3 and …
  • … in error. Between 10 November and 15 December 1862, Huxley delivered six lectures at the …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Lubbock, 15 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … John Lubbock, 16 [December 1862] , and this volume, letter to John Lubbock, 4 January [ …
  • … published in six parts by Robert Hardwicke in 1862; they were subsequently bound together …
  • … with his letter to CD of 2 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10); for CD’s comments, …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to T.  H.  Huxley, 7 December [1862], 18  …
  • … December [1862], and …
  • … 28 December [1862]. CD’s annotated copies of the six parts of T.  H.  Huxley 1863a are in …
  • … 10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] . Huxley’s sixth lecture was entitled: ‘A …
  • … Letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). CD and Huxley had …
  • … In his letter to Huxley of 28 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote: ‘To …

From John Scott   3 March 1863

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Summary

JS criticises natural selection as based on an innate "continuously watchful selective principle".

Seeks seed of wild Rocky Mountain maize.

What is CD’s view on origin of maize?

Seeks information on self-sterility of Passiflora and Lobelia.

Weeping habit of trees.

Intended to say bisexual plants presented more established varieties than unisexual, not that they are more variable.

Explains his opinion that homomorphically fertilised Primula will produce only their own form. Is trying homomorphic crosses with different coloured Primula varieties.

Asks to read Asa Gray’s 2d review of Orchids.

Has finally successfully fertilised Gongora, but it was done by unnatural means.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 108: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4021

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Scott, 16 February [1863] and n.  6. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that he repeat the experiments …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Gärtner, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] ); he published his results in Scott 1864d. …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that …
  • … Société Impériale et Centrale d’Horticulture for 1862, and first appeared in the society’s …
  • … inheritance, in his letter to CD of 6 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). For CD’s …
  • … 10, letter from John Rogers, 22 January 1862 . See letter from John Scott, 18 February [ …
  • … Scott 1862a and Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]. CD was also interested in the analogy between parthenogenetic plants …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and this volume, letter to John Scott, 20 [ …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See n.  13, above. Scott experimented extensively with …
  • … Scott to attempt these and similar experiments in his letters of 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10); he reiterated the point about differently …

From Julius von Haast   5 March 1863

Summary

Sends copy of his December letter [see 3851], which he fears is lost.

Has been in the Southern Alps and has discovered a wonderful pass.

Author:  John Francis Julius (Julius) von Haast
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4026

Matches: 14 hits

  • … gold-fields in Otago province in August 1862, Haast, who was provincial geologist in the …
  • … spent the period from January to May 1862 in the Southern Alps of New Zealand, carrying …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … Copy) Lake Ohau. N.Z. December 9 th . 1862. Dear Sir Our common friend D r J.  D.  Hooker …
  • … von Haast 1948 , p.  289. Orchids was published in May 1862. Hooker had told Haast about …
  • … of the book in a letter of 18 September 1862 (Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New …
  • … Haast initially wrote this letter on 9 December 1862, evidently enclosing it with a …
  • … letter to Hooker of 10 December 1862. Hooker received Haast’s letter in mid-April 1863, …
  • … letter from Julius von Haast, 9 December 1862 ). See the enclosure to the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 20 September 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See also ibid. , …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 21 [September 1862] and nn.  6 and 7. J.  F.  J.  von Haast  …
  • … a letter to William Jackson Hooker of 9 June 1862: ‘When beginning with the survey of the …
  • … Zealand ( Chapman’s New Zealand Almanac 1860, 1862). In J.  F.  J.  von Haast 1861 , p.   …
  • … Canterbury, which he founded in the summer of 1862 ( H. F.  von Haast 1948 , pp.  220–30). …

From J. D. Hooker   24 January 1863

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Summary

JDH delivers CD’s letter to C. V. Naudin.

Neither Naudin nor Decaisne appreciates Origin.

Discusses Naudin on physiological causes of species formation;

Decaisne on plant heredity.

JDH on Lincoln’s emancipation proclamation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 99–100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3940

Matches: 11 hits

  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.   …
  • … New York and London: Garland Publishing. 1990. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD enclosed a ‘ …
  • … of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83; Jackson 1906 , p.  193). Bentham read …
  • … au Muséum d’histoire naturelle de 1853 à 1862 inclusivement. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires …
  • … Origin , translated by Clémence Auguste Royer, was published in May 1862 (Royer trans.   …
  • 1862; J.  Harvey 1997). For CD’s earlier discussions of Naudin’s theory of transmutation, …
  • … his research on hybridity in Naudin 1862  and 1863. There are annotated copies of …
  • … in the Darwin Library–CUL.   Naudin 1862  was also published later as part of Naudin 1865, …
  • … See also letter from C.  V.  Naudin, 26 June 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See n.  7, …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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