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To Thomas Campbell Eyton   12 [May 1861 – April 1863]

Summary

Thanks TCE for telling him of his crossed pigs. When they are grown, he would like to know whether they resemble each other.

Doubts the half-bred Gallus sonnerati will be productive, though he was assured many years ago that such a fertile half-breed once occurred.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  12 [May 1861 - Apr 1863]
Classmark:  Cadbury Research Library: Special Collections, University of Birmingham (EYT/1/45)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13804

Matches: 14 hits

  • … 12 July 1861 12 Aug 1861 12 Sept 1861 12 Oct 1861 12 Nov 1861 12 Dec 1861 12 Jan 1862 12 …
  • … Feb 1862 12 …
  • … Mar 1862 12 …
  • … Apr 1862 12 …
  • … May 1862 12 …
  • … June 1862 12 …
  • … July 1862 12 …
  • … Aug 1862 12 …
  • … Sept 1862 12 …
  • … Oct 1862 12 …
  • … Nov 1862 12 …
  • … Dec 1862 12 Jan 1863 12 Feb 1863 12 Mar 1863 12 Apr 1863 Thomas Campbell Eyton …
  • … years ago’ (see also n.  3, below). In 1862, hybrids of G.  sonneratii and G.  bankiva ( …
  • … 10, letter from T.  C.  Eyton, [after 19 May 1862? ]; the ‘jungle fowl’ mentioned in that …

To Edward Walford   13 June [1861]

Summary

Sends "the dates of the principal events of my Life" requested by EW [for use in his Men of the time (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Walford
Date:  13 June [1861]
Classmark:  Ralph Colp Jr (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3181

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the principal events of my Life" requested by EW [for use in his Men of the time (1862)]. …
  • … year is provided by the reference to the biography of CD included in Walford ed.  1862. …
  • … Walford was the editor of the 1862 edition of the biographical series Men of the time ( …
  • … DNB ). The entry for CD in Walford ed.  1862 includes information on the educational …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 11 November [1859] and 24 December [1859]. John Murray published Orchids in May 1862. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Rudwick, Martin John Spencer. 1974. Darwin …
  • … in Scotland, see Jamieson 1860a and 1862. See letter from Charles Lyell, 30 September  …

To J. D. Hooker   30 May [1861]

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Summary

Has written recollections of Henslow [Collected papers 2: 72–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 May [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3168

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Hooker eventually supplied in the spring of 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 17 March 1862  and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] ). …
  • … s brother-in-law Leonard Jenyns (Jenyns ed.  1862). CD’ s sketch is reprinted in Collected …

From J. D. Hooker   [30 December 1861 or 6 January 1862]

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Summary

Glad CD has given up on Acropera ovules.

Doubts phanerogams less different in extreme forms [than Crustacea].

No systematic parallelism between plants and animals.

Offers list of Arctic plants with their colours. Asks CD whether it is useful to add colour to [descriptions of] plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 Dec] 1861 or [6 Jan] 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3375

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [30 December 1861 or 6 January 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 3–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 30 Dec 1861 6 Jan 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Correspondence vol.  9) and 16 January [1862] (see nn.  2 and 5, below); both dates were …
  • … former conjectured dating, [6 January 1862], was revised subsequent to volume 9’s going to …

To Henry Bence Jones   23 June [1861]

Summary

Noting that he is not an M.D., he would be much gratified should the University of Breslau think fit to honour him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Henry Bence Jones
Date:  23 June [1861]
Classmark:  Walter R. Benjamin Autographs (dealers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3194A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by the secretary of the Prussian legation, in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters …
  • … from H.  Albertof, 10 February 1862 and …
  • … 13 February 1862). The diploma is in DAR 229. …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 December 1861]

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Summary

Asks CD whether he hears from Asa Gray. JDH’s opinion of the crisis [Trent case, Nov 1861] and the American Civil War.

Julius von Haast alludes to glacial drift in Middle Island of New Zealand.

Backwardness of JDH’s son, Willy.

Encloses a reference from Daniel Oliver which may be useful.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 1, 2a–c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3374

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Henslow’s life’ ink End of letter : ‘Glacial’ ink, circled ink ; ‘Jan. — 1862’ ink …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [30 and 31 December 1861] and n.  3). Jenyns ed.  1862. …
  • … in New Zealand ( Origin 4th ed. , p.  433). Haast 1862. Lestiboudois 1848 . In the letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 16 January [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD related an anecdote …

To Ludwig Rütimeyer   5 December [1861]

Summary

Admires LR’s book [Die Fauna der Pfahlbauten (1861)].

Will attempt to arrange for skull of wild white Chillingham cattle to be sent by Earl of Tankerville.

CD has come to same conclusion as LR on zebus.

CD’s MS of Variation is half-prepared.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Karl Ludwig (Ludwig) Rütimeyer
Date:  5 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Universitätsbibliothek Basel, Handschriften (G IV 91, 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3339

Matches: 5 hits

  • … below) and by the relationship to the letters to Ludwig Rütimeyer, 15 January [1862] and …
  • … 11 February [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Rütimeyer, professor of zoology and …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from Henry Holland, [before 15 January 1862] and …
  • … 15 January [1862]). It was believed that the Chillingham cattle were the closest living …
  • … the letter to Ludwig Rütimeyer, 15 January [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). In Rütimeyer …

To Asa Gray   11 December [1861]

Summary

Discusses the worsening relations between their two countries and the possibility of war.

Expects Orchids and his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63] to be out soon.

Thanks AG for some facts on dimorphism.

George Bentham has given him a list of Oxalis and Mentha species that are dimorphic like Primula.

Is in a "thick mud" regarding design in nature.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (62)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3342

Matches: 6 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Oliver, 7 December [1861] . On 3 April 1862, CD read a paper before the Linnean Society …
  • … Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 151–7; see also Collected papers 2: …
  • … did not reach London until 8 January 1862. The editors have followed Francis Darwin in …
  • … in the Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 77–96. …
  • … Orchids was published by John Murray in May 1862. George Bentham, president of the Linnean …

From John Murray   23 September 1861

Summary

Offers to publish Orchids, giving CD one-half of the profits of each edition.

Author:  John Murray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Sept 1861
Classmark:  DAR 171.3(1): 331
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3261

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to John Murray, 21 September [1861] . Orchids was published by John Murray in May 1862. …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

From Leonard Jenyns   31 December 1861

Summary

Thanks CD for his contribution to the memoir of Henslow [L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow (1862)].

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1861
Classmark:  DAR 168: 56
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3355

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to the memoir of Henslow [L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow (1862)]. …
  • … CD’s brief memoir was printed in Jenyns ed.  1862, pp.  51–5 (see also Collected papers 2: …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1861]

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Summary

Gongora cannot be female of Acropera; it may itself be a male.

Hopes Daniel Oliver will "sink Atlantis" in his Royal Institution lecture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3352

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Atlantis’ hypothesis was published later in 1862 (Oliver 1862a). See also letter to Daniel …
  • … was published by John Murray in May 1862. Daniel Oliver read a paper on the distribution …
  • … Institution of Great Britain in March 1862 (Oliver 1862b). He maintained that the pattern …

From the University of Breslau   4 August 1861

Summary

CD awarded honorary doctorate of medicine and surgery by the University of Breslau. [See 3194a.]

Author:  University of Breslau
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1861
Classmark:  DAR 230: 9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3226A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Albertof, 13 February 1862). It is in DAR 229. Hans Karl Leopold Barkow was dean of the …
  • … province of Silesia. The diploma was sent to CD in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letters from the Prussian Legation, 10 February 1862, and from H.   …

From George Maw   27 August [1861]

Summary

Thanks CD for his letter about GM’s review of the Origin.

Sends instances of correlative organisation and functions which he finds difficult to believe could have accumulated by gradual modifications.

[Letter erroneously dated 1862 by GM.]

Author:  George Maw
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Aug [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 99: 11–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3236

Matches: 3 hits

  • … could have accumulated by gradual modifications. [Letter erroneously dated 1862 by GM. ] …
  • … to the letter from George Maw, 30 June 1862 , and is thus also transcribed with that …
  • … Although the letter is dated ‘1862’, Maw refers to CD’s letter of ‘19 th July’, and from …

From Asa Gray   31 December 1861

Summary

Discusses dimorphism and suggests CD investigate Valeriana.

Praises CD’s views with respect to the U. S. Civil War and relations with England. Worsening relations between Britain and U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1861
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 65, DAR 165: 104–105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3354

Matches: 5 hits

  • … CD sent Gray sheets of the first half of Orchids in April 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). The book was published shortly afterwards, and CD …
  • … Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser.  34 (1862): 138–44. In 1859, James Dwight Dana …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Weddell, Hugh Algernon. 1855–7. Chloris …
  • … an expedition to the Fiji Islands ( Seemann 1862 , p.  416). This view of Union intentions …

To J. D. Hooker   17 November [1861]

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Summary

JDH’s letter on grounds of generalisation in plant morphology.

Faunal distribution and the glacial period.

Orchid homologies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3322

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … of the purple- and yellow-leaved forms in 1862. He had apparently been given the plants by …
  • … of the Linnean Society in which Hooker 1862  was published, CD wrote: ‘Hooker in letter …
  • … Pengelly’s paper on the lignites and clays ( Pengelly 1862 ) and Oswald Heer’s paper …
  • … on the fossil flora (Heer 1862) (see Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (1861): …

To Joseph Dalton Hooker   15 January [1861]

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Summary

CD’s opinion of minor critics and commentators on Origin.

H. C. Watson’s notion of genera converging is dismissed.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115.2: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3047

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The first part of volume one of the Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) …
  • … appeared in 1862. See L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 18–23. …

To John Murray   24 September [1861]

Summary

Thanks JM for his liberal offer [to publish Orchids]. CD fears the public will not be interested, but thinks it will "do good to the Origin as it will show that I worked hard on details and it will perhaps serve [to] illustrate how Natural History may be worked under the belief of the modification of Species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 ff. 108–109B)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3264

Matches: 3 hits

  • … printed (under 2000) were sold by August 1862, but thereafter the edition sold slowly ( …
  • … 10, letter to John Murray, 24 August [1862] . See the enclosure and n.  4, below. Orchids …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

To Asa Gray   21 July [1861]

Summary

Is writing his paper on orchids.

Is surprised that AG gets little or no response with Drosera.

Describes the two forms of Primula and asks whether AG knows any analogous cases of dimorphism.

Reports that John Stuart Mill approves of CD’s scientific method.

Discusses American politics.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  21 July [1861]
Classmark:  Gray Herbarium of Harvard University (61)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3216

Matches: 5 hits

  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 . Gray’s observations of Spiranthes gracilis …
  • … n. When he came to review Orchids in 1862, Gray mentioned his examination of Spiranthes …
  • … of the flower’s structure (see A.  Gray 1862, p.  427). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 17 [ …
  • … Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Botany) 6 (1862): 77–96. See also Collected papers 2: …

To J. D. Hooker   19 June [1861]

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Summary

CD’s changing taste in periodical literature.

William Darwin’s partnership in bank.

Work: variation and orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 June [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3190

Matches: 4 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … a memoir of Henslow, his brother- in-law, in 1862, to which CD contributed a short piece ( …
  • … Jenyns ed.  1862, pp.  51–5; Collected papers 2: 72–4). See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 24– …
  • … Bentham were preparing (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). The work contains, in addition to a …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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