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To John Scott   19 December [1862]

Summary

JS should be proud of his paper ["Nature of the fern-spore", Edinburgh New. Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

CD has just found that JS’s observations on the confluence of two sexes causing variability were independently confirmed by Huxley.

CD has always suspected a fundamental difference between buds and ovules.

Asks for examples of "bud-variation" or "sports".

Asks JS to test germination of pollen on rostellum of Laelia.

Offers JS money for experimental supplies, e.g., netting, to keep insects out of flowers.

Encloses an outline of crossing experiments with Lythraceae, Primula, Pelargonium, and others, which he feels would be valuable.

Note on melastomids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 35–6, 64–5, 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3868

Matches: 45 hits

  • … To John Scott   19 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 35–6, 64–5, 80 Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Dec [1862] John Scott …
  • … him with observations on Rhexia Virginica (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 ). …
  • … spore", Edinburgh New. Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27]. CD has just found that JS’s …
  • … is established by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . Scott had initiated the correspondence with …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). Earlier in December, CD had arranged for …
  • … edition of Origin to be sent to Scott (see letters to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862]). See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] . Scott had sent CD a …
  • … South America (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 October 1862] ). Having noticed that in Monochaetum ensiferum there were …
  • … its age and position (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] ). CD’s observational and …
  • … experimental notes on Rhexia glandulosa (dated June and July 1862) and on various species …
  • … of Centradenia (dated January – July 1862) are in DAR 205.8: 14–21. In addition, Asa Gray …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] ); it is preserved in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … Collection–CUL. See Scott 1862a, p.  214, and Huxley 1862, p.  90–2. …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . CD discussed the resemblances of buds …
  • … a chapter he began writing in December 1862 (see n.  7, below). He concluded by stating …
  • … reproduction and variation’, on 21 December 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … 385. See letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] and n.  6. Scott offerred to send CD …
  • … specimens of Primula scotica and P.  farinosa in his letter of 17 December [1862]. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] and n.  19. Regarding CD’s attempts to obtain …
  • … specimens of Verbascum , see the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] and n.  20. …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] . Origin , pp.  270–1. …
  • … See letters from C.  W.  Crocker, [before 13 March 1862] and …
  • … 24 November 1862. CD refers to the possibility of Scott repeating a series of crossing …
  • … experiments with cabbages in May and June  1862. CD continued to carry out similar …
  • … to the crossing experiments, begun in May 1862, with the normally sterile peloric flowers …
  • … of pelargoniums (see letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 1 July [1862] , and letters to M.   …
  • … T.  Masters, 8 July [1862] and …
  • … 24 July [1862]). CD’s notes from these experiments are in DAR 51 (ser.  2): 4–9, 12–13. In …
  • … DAR 75: 1–12). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] . CD discussed the modified forms of the columbine and the …
  • … in Variation 1: 365. In the summer of 1862, CD made extensive crossing experiments with …
  • … see letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ); the observational notes from this work are …
  • … 1861] and n.  14, and this volume, letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ). He …
  • … continued to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863 without ultimately being able to …
  • … in his letter to Scott of 11 December [1862], and sought Scott’s assistance with his …
  • … on Monochaetum ensiferum in February 1862 and continued to work on the species until May  …
  • … on H.  mexicanum , dated June – October 1862, are in DAR 205.8: 19 v. , 54. CD was also …

To John Scott   11 December [1862]

Summary

Criticises style of JS’s fern paper [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

JS’s remark on "the two sexes counteracting variability in the product of the one" is new to CD.

Does the female [fern?] plant always produce female by parthenogenesis?

They seem to work on same subjects; CD has much material on Drosera.

Does not understand JS’s objections to natural selection.

Offers to suggest experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  11 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 37, 49–52
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3853

Matches: 29 hits

  • … To John Scott   11 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 37, 49–52 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 Dec [1862] John Scott …
  • … paper [ Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27]. JS’s remark on "the two sexes …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Scott 1862a. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . CD’s annotated copy of this paper is in …
  • … letter from C.  W.  Crocker, 31 October 1862  and n.  12. Scott had apparently sent CD …
  • … of his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862]). After further research, Scott wrote a …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  15. Scott 1862a, pp.  217–8. Scott …
  • … to the Botanical Society of Edinburgh (see letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] , n.  4. Having discovered in 1861  …
  • … crossing experiments in the summer of 1862 on L.  perenne and L.  grandiflorum . According …
  • … wrote his paper, ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’ , between 11 and 21 December 1862. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . In 1860, CD began to experiment on the …
  • … further experiments in May and September 1862 (see DAR 54: 29–49, 74–5). However, he did …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] . Scott read his paper on Drosera and …
  • … Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862. CD cited Scott’s paper in Insectivorous plants , …
  • … by German and French writers before 1862: Milde 1852  and Nitschke 1861a and 1861b (in …
  • … Naturelles ( Botanique )). See letter to John Scott, 3  December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . CD apparently refers to the fact that an …
  • … Appendix VI. John Murray. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . The references are to Origin , pp.  269–71, …
  • … see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] and nn.  8–12, and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 1861], and this volume, letter to C.  C. Babington, 20 January [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4. The reference is to the fact that in Passiflora it had …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] , n.  7. Hooker discussed this project with CD …

To John Scott   3 December [1862]

Summary

JS’s facts on Primula are new to CD.

In Linum CD has also found dimorphic and non-dimorphic species.

Plans to publish next autumn on successive homomorphic generations in Primula.

"Fluctuating forms" due to culture.

Urges JS to publish.

Lobelia functionally monoecious.

Where did JS publish on Clivia hybrids? Did he count parent and cross seeds, as Gärtner shows is necessary?

CD has done large experiments on artificially fertilised cowslips. They never resemble oxlips.

Would welcome detailed criticism of natural selection by a careful observer like JS. Most criticism worthless. Expects a great deal from Lyell’s reaction.

Suggests JS do orchid experiment to see if rostellum can be penetrated by pollen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  3 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 60–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3844

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To John Scott   3 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 60–3 Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 Dec [1862] John Scott …
  • … by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See letter …
  • … from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] ; some of Scott’s comments on the genus …
  • … that letter. In a note dated 3 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix VI), …
  • … apparently sent with Scott’s letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862] (see letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  3). After further research, Scott wrote a paper …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , CD mentioned that this observation …
  • … Benjamin Silliman. See letter from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] and n.  8. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Gärtner, …
  • … wrote this paper between 11 and 21 December 1862. In ‘Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic …
  • … of Primula sinensis first arose in 1862, following his observation of some anomalous …
  • … observations, dated 1–30 March and 24 April 1862, are in DAR 108: 56–66. CD carried out …
  • … crosses in late January and February 1862, the results of which were published in ‘ …
  • … Society on 20 February 1868. See letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [6 August 1862] and n.  2. …
  • … John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] , is incomplete; Scott evidently commented on …
  • … letter to CD of [20 November – 2 December 1862]; he had not, however, published an account …
  • … see letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] ). CD refers to Karl Friedrich von Gärtner’s …
  • … Origin , p.  247. See letter from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . See letter …
  • … John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] and n.  2. CD was interested in the commonly …
  • … book (DAR 157a, p.  75), dated 21 April 1862, CD reported that since 1859 he had grown …
  • … with cowslips and primroses in April 1862 (see the dated notes in DAR 157a, pp.  76–7 and …
  • … are notes on these seedlings, dated 27 April 1862, in DAR 157a, pp.  75–7. CD’s crossing …
  • … from John Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . CD refers to Charles Lyell’s Antiquity …

To John Scott   19 November [1862]

Summary

Praises JS’s experimenting.

Has he ever studied the relative fertility of varieties? CD very interested in this subject.

Discusses Acropera.

Wants to quote JS on Zea [Variation 1: 321].

CD sends his Primula paper [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  19 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  AL & Copy
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3814

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To John Scott   19 November [1862] …
  • … AL & Copy Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Nov [1862] John Scott …
  • … is established by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . …
  • … Letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862]. James McNab. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . No publication by Scott on this subject …
  • … found. See letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . The reference to the remark by Karl …
  • … this remark in the missing portion of his letter of 15 November [1862]. See letter to J.   …
  • … to C.  C.  Babington, 20 January [1862] ), and also attempted to use a wild specimen for …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  4). Scott carried out the suggested …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  10. CD had been interested in the ‘gradation in sexes’ …
  • … from Asa Gray earlier in the year (see letters to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and 10– …
  • … 20 June [1862], and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] . CD was preparing a draft of the part of Variation dealing …
  • … portion of the letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ; see also letter from John …
  • … Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . Scott described this case, in which female …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . In April  1839, John Stevens Henslow had …

From John Scott   6 January 1863

Summary

Sends Primula scotica and P. farinosa.

So far cannot fertilise Gongora atropurpurea although it is similar to Acropera luteola.

Experimenting on intergeneric hybrids to test CD’s view that sterility is not a special endowment.

Scott’s personal history.

Acropera capsule grows.

Plans for experiments CD has suggested on Primula, peloric Antirrhinum, and Verbascum.

Asks about Gärtner’s experiments on maize.

Aware of Anderson-Henry’s failures.

Through kindness of J. H. Balfour and James McNab, enjoys facilities for research. JS is in charge of the propagating department. Balfour almost engaged him to be superintendent of the Madras Horticultural Garden.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 81, 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3904

Matches: 35 hits

  • … In his letter of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott promised to send CD …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 ). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . Primula scotica is not dimorphic; in a …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD wrote that …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … pp.  208–9). In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott informed …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] ). Scott subsequently offered to send the …
  • … vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] ). See also Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , letter from John Scott, [ …
  • … 20 November – 2 December 1862] , and n.  4, below. See CD note, above, in which he records …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862). See ‘Fertilization of orchids’ , p.  153 ( …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letters to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] and …
  • … 19 November [1862]). …
  • … In his letter of 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott described his success …
  • … In his letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . Scott refers to chapter 8 of Origin (pp.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19  December [1862] , for CD’s interest in the ‘relation of …
  • … and Laelia was an example. See also ibid. , letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]. In his letter of 26–7 January 1863, Isaac Anderson-Henry described a …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and [20 …
  • … November – 2 December 1862]). See also n.  3, above. Scott described this and further …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD had suggested …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ), Scott later published a paper on dimorphism …
  • … CUL. In his letter of 19 December [1862] (see Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that …
  • … Scott experiment with peloric flowers. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that Scott experiment with …
  • … Scott 1863b). See Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . In …
  • … his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( ibid. ), CD suggested that Scott repeat the experiments conducted by …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD offered ‘ …
  • … horticultural Society of Madras on 12 March 1862, it was decided to re-engage Robert N.   …

To John Scott   12 November [1862]

Summary

Discusses whether or not "male" Acropera bear fruit. JS’s interpretation of Acropera pollination is ingenious. Pollen-tubes of some cleistogamous flowers germinate in the anthers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3805

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To John Scott   12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 93 (ser. 2): 7–10 Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov [1862] John Scott …
  • … E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … year is established by the relationship to the letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. …
  • … Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 and nn.  2, 3, and 7. Orchids , p.   …
  • … Oxalis acetosella , made in May and June 1862, are preserved in DAR 111: 3–5, 44. See also …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] , letter to W.   …

From John Scott   6 December [1862]

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Summary

JS not ready to publish on Primula.

Some of his objections to natural selection are based on belief that plants with separate sexes are less variable than those in which sexes are confluent (as in ferns).

Sends his paper on fern varieties [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27].

Will soon read paper on Drosera irritability [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 17 (1863): 317–18].

How does CD explain capricious distribution of irritability among plants?

P. scotica’s non-dimorphism is native.

Beginning Laelia experiments shortly.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 108: 182a–d
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3847

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From John Scott   6 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 108: 182a–d John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 6 Dec [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 16 (1862): 209–27]. Will soon read paper on Drosera …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and nn.  2 and 3. Scott apparently sent …
  • … species of Primula with his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862]. CD refers to …
  • … such a list in a note, dated 3 December 1862, discussing the origins of dimorphism (DAR …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  16. See Scott 1862a, p.  357. …
  • … also letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] . One of CD’s objects in Orchids had been …
  • … 1864c, p.  80. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  5. This individual has …
  • … not been identified. See also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  4. Scott read his paper, ‘ …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862 (Scott 1862b). In Origin 3d ed. , pp.   …
  • … in the missing portion of his letter of [20 November – 2 December 1862] (see letter to …
  • … John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  8). Scott …
  • … flowers with this letter (see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] ). See, for instance, Lindley 1853 , p.   …
  • … 692. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  10. …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  18. …

From John Scott   17 December [1862]

Summary

Thanks for Journal of researches and Origin.

Thanks CD for comments on his fern paper [see 3847 and 3853]; has great difficulty in expressing his ideas.

Discusses inheritance and variation.

Asks CD for an account of the experiments he would like JS to perform.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3865

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From John Scott   17 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 177: 80 John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 17 Dec [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … published his full results in Scott 1868 . See letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] . …
  • … Scott 1862a (see n.  4, below). See letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and n.  17. …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . Scott had enclosed a …
  • … of Scott 1862a with his letter of 6 December [1862]; the earlier papers to which he refers …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and n.  5. Scott refers to the Chelsea father …
  • … letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ; this individual has not been identified. …
  • … Botanic Garden, Edinburgh. See letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and nn.  3 and 6. …
  • … See letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  5. The …
  • … see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and nn.  19 and 20). Scott repeated a number …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . Karsten 1861 . Braun 1859 . John Hutton …
  • … in Scott 1864d. See letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] , and letters to …
  • … John Scott, 3 December [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862]. See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . See …

From John Scott   [20 November – 2 December 1862]

Summary

JS does not fully accept natural selection.

Has never raised oxlips from cowslips or primroses; reports of such must be cases of crossing.

Discusses relative fertility of varieties, self-fertility of hybrids, and plans for experiments on enhanced hybrid fertility.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov – 2 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3815

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From John Scott   [20 November – 2 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 177: 79 John Scott unstated [20 Nov – 2 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the relationship to the letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] (see nn.  2, 3, and …
  • … 7, below), and to the letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] . CD mentioned …
  • … in his letter to Scott of 19 November [1862] that he would send a copy of ‘Dimorphic …
  • … see letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Some indication of the contents of the …
  • … see letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ). Scott apparently also enclosed with this …
  • … of various species of Primula (see letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.   …
  • … and letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and n.  3); however, the list has not been …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Natural …
  • … 1864] ( Calendar no.  4382). See letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and n.  11. …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] . Scott was foreman of the propagating …
  • … See letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] . CD had asked Scott to send him, when ripe, …

From John Scott   15 November [1862]

Summary

Appreciates CD’s acknowledging his letter and his comments on Acropera. Will send CD the Acropera capsule which is now maturing.

Experimenting on vegetable parthenogenesis.

Structure of Acropera.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 78
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3808

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From John Scott   15 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 177: 78 John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 15 Nov [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … reference to Scott 1862a (see n.  7, below). Letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862]. See …
  • … letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] . James McNab was the curator of the Royal Botanic Garden, …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 12 June 1862. There is an annotated copy of this paper …
  • … Pamphlet Collection–CUL. See letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] . Some indication of the contents of the missing …
  • … of this letter is given by CD’s reply (see letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). …

To John Scott   25 and 28 May [1863]

Summary

CD does not think he could be wrong about the stigma of Bolbophyllum.

Will not write up Drosera for years.

Praises JS’s experiments. Invites him to send a paper to Linnean Society.

L. C. Treviranus says all species of Primula present two forms except P. longiflora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  25 and 28 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 93: B41–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4185

Matches: 18 hits

  • … 10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862] and n.  21). Scott’s experiments were published in Scott 1864d. The …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Specific difference in Primula ’: On the …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862; only an abstract was published (Scott  …
  • … on Drosera and Dionaea between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10); however, he …
  • … 10, letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ). CD resumed his research on these plants …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and n.  10. Scott sent CD an abstract of his …
  • … with CD on Primula since November 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). CD communicated …
  • … 1). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 14, letter to John Scott, 3  December [1862] and nn.  13–15, and this volume, letter to …
  • … results, based on experiments performed between 1862 and 1867, in ‘Specific difference in …
  • … acaulis) , and P.  veris (officinalis) , and were carried out between 1862 and 1865. …
  • … On the 1862 experiments, see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  2, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … and letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  6. CD’s notes on homomorphic crosses …
  • … than by their own pollen, suggested these experiments in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …

To John Scott   16 February [1863]

Summary

Tells JS Acropera capsule should be left to grow.

JS was correct on "bud-variation" in fern frond.

Does not believe Primula structure necessarily related to dioecism, but the difference in fertility of the two forms forced him to admit the possibility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  16 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B55, B81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3991

Matches: 16 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). See also n.  9, above. The letter, up …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: On the …
  • … 10; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 and n.   …
  • … 3, and letter to John Scott, 12 November [1862] , and this volume, letter from John Scott, …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Scott to …
  • … CD stated: Mr.  John Scott informs me that in 1862 Imatophyllum miniatum , in the Botanic …
  • … seeds with his letter to CD of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). See also n.   …
  • … writing on variation in maize in November 1862, and urged Scott to repeat Karl Friedrich …
  • … of maize (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862], and this volume, letter from John Scott, 6 January 1863 , n.  2o). In …
  • … colour’. Letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Scott gave a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] ). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 , letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 [August 1862] , and letter from John …
  • … Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . James McNab was curator of the Royal Botanic …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …

From John Scott   16 January 1863

Summary

Experiments to cut Laelia stigma from rostellum and then to fertilise rostellum are baffled by "a latent instinctive power". Somehow the pollen-tubes find their way to the style.

Suggests CD study variation in ferns.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 177: 82
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3921

Matches: 14 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] , for CD’s advice to Scott regarding the …
  • … Laelia. See also letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] ( ibid. ). In his letter to CD …
  • … in particular his attempt on 13 December 1862 to cross Stanhopea oculata with Laelia …
  • … Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, and was published as an abstract (Scott 1862b). …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Scott to …
  • … work with this species instead (see ibid. , letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]). In …
  • … his letter to CD of 17 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), Scott reported that he …
  • … ibid. , letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] ). In Cattleya and the related Laelia , …
  • … on ‘bud-variation’, which he began on 21 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … in his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862], CD asked him to provide any cases of ‘what …
  • … a copy of his paper to CD in December 1862, noting the impact on the theory of natural …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 6 December [1862] ). The letter in which this offer was made …

From John Scott   3 March 1863

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Summary

JS criticises natural selection as based on an innate "continuously watchful selective principle".

Seeks seed of wild Rocky Mountain maize.

What is CD’s view on origin of maize?

Seeks information on self-sterility of Passiflora and Lobelia.

Weeping habit of trees.

Intended to say bisexual plants presented more established varieties than unisexual, not that they are more variable.

Explains his opinion that homomorphically fertilised Primula will produce only their own form. Is trying homomorphic crosses with different coloured Primula varieties.

Asks to read Asa Gray’s 2d review of Orchids.

Has finally successfully fertilised Gongora, but it was done by unnatural means.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 108: 179
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4021

Matches: 16 hits

  • … Scott, 16 February [1863] and n.  6. In his letters to Scott of 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD suggested that he repeat the experiments …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Gärtner, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 10, letter from John Scott, 17 December [1862] ); he published his results in Scott 1864d. …
  • … In his letter to Scott of 19 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD mentioned that …
  • … Société Impériale et Centrale d’Horticulture for 1862, and first appeared in the society’s …
  • … inheritance, in his letter to CD of 6 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). For CD’s …
  • … 10, letter from John Rogers, 22 January 1862 . See letter from John Scott, 18 February [ …
  • … Scott 1862a and Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862]. CD was also interested in the analogy between parthenogenetic plants …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] , and this volume, letter to John Scott, 20 [ …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 6 December [1862] . See n.  13, above. Scott experimented extensively with …
  • … Scott to attempt these and similar experiments in his letters of 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10); he reiterated the point about differently …

From John Scott   21 September [1863]

Summary

Sends Primula MS, which CD has promised to communicate to Linnean Society [see 4213].

Will soon send results on peloric Antirrhinum.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Sept [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4301

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , and letter from John …
  • … Scott, [20 November – 2 December 1862] . See also Scott 1863a. See letter to John Scott, …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 December [1862] ; see also this volume, letters from John …
  • … of Verbascum (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862], 11  …
  • … December [1862], and …
  • … 19 December [1862], and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] ). Scott published his results from these experiments in …
  • … 250–1 and 270 (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862], and letter from …
  • … John Scott, 17 December [1862] ). See also this volume, enclosure to letter to John Scott, …

From John Scott   18 February [1863]

Summary

Sends Acropera capsule for CD to dissect.

Will try to raise Acropera from seed (never done before in Britain) to examine its sexual forms.

Studying primroses, parthenogenesis, and reproduction of some cryptogams.

Received maize varieties from CD.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 84
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3997

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 216–18). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862], and this volume, letter from John Scott, 16 January 1863 . In his …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum ’: …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …
  • … to this interpretation. However, in November 1862, Scott wrote to CD informing him that he …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter from John Scott, 11 November 1862, and letter to …
  • … John Scott, 12 November [1862] ), forcing CD to revise his earlier conclusion (see n.  5, …
  • … November 1861. CD continued to work on the subject during 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). See also letters to John Scott, 16  …
  • … the Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 12 June 1862 (Scott 1862a), Scott argued that there …

From John Scott   11 November 1862

Summary

CD is mistaken in considering Acropera unisexual, with only male flowers [Orchids, pp. 203–10]. JS has successfully fertilised two A. loddigesii flowers. One is ripening. Dissection of the other shows the pollen accomplishes fertilisation without contacting any stigmatic surface. Abortive ovules found in flowers that did not become fertilised when pollinated. JS suggests Acropera has both unisexual male and hermaphrodite flowers.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 177: 77
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3800

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From John Scott    11 November 1862
  • … d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris. See letter from John Scott, 15 November [1862] and n.  8. …
  • … DAR 177: 77 John Scott Edinburgh Botanic Gardens 11 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Edinburgh | Botanic Gardens Nov.  11 th , 1862. To Charles Darwin Esq. Sir, I take the …

To John Scott   21 January [1863]

Summary

Urges JS to publish on orchid pollen-tubes.

Suggests comparing stigmatic tissue of sterile hybrids and fertile parent; he would expect hybrid plant’s cell contents not to be coagulated after 24 hours in spirits of wine.

Suggests JS coat orchid stigmas with plaster of Paris for his work on rostellar germination.

Asks for list of "bud-variation" cases; CD has devoted a chapter to the subject.

Inquiries about I. Anderson-Henry’s observational competence.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Scott
Date:  21 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 93: B56–7, B75–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3934

Matches: 9 hits

  • … In his letter to Scott of 3 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), CD asked Scott to …
  • … with his letter to CD of 6 December [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). He argued that …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Two forms in species of Linum ’: On the …
  • … Nat. Hist. Review Part VIII.  p.  419—(Oct 1862) for quotation from M.  Baillon, on pollen …
  • … 10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] , and this volume, letter to Isaac Anderson- …
  • … Botanical Society of Edinburgh on 11 December 1862, appeared in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , …
  • … dealing with ‘bud-variation’, on 21 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … in his letter to Scott of 19 December [1862], CD asked Scott to provide him with any cases …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 . See also letter to Asa Gray, 19 January [ …

From John Scott   7 January [1864]

Summary

Has finished correcting Primula paper [see 4332].

Has presented paper on monoecious spikes of maize [Edinburgh New Philos. J. 2d ser. 19 (1864): 213–20].

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Jan [1864]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 98, 99 f.3; Edinburgh Courant, 19 December 1863, p. 8.
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4382

Matches: 9 hits

  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter from …
  • … Scott to publish a paper on the Primulaceae in December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] DNB : …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] ). Scott and CD corresponded frequently …
  • … 128–33, and Correspondence vol.   10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 [October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 14). Beginning in 1862, he carried out experiments to answer this question (see n.   …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] , and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to …
  • … with Scott (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to John Scott, 19 November [1862] and …
  • … 11 December [1862], and Correspondence vol.  11, letter to John Scott, 25 [July 1863] and …

From John Scott   [3 June 1863]

Summary

Thanks CD for influence used with Hooker to obtain a colonial position. Has offended J. H. Balfour by refusing the Darjeeling post and James McNab has become unfriendly, although his experiments do not detract from his garden work.

Will write Primula paper for Linnean Society as CD suggests.

His Darwinism is unpalatable at Edinburgh Botanic Garden.

Describes results with non-dimorphic Primula species. Such cases do not accord with CD’s view that characters are slowly acquired.

Thanks for criticism of his writing style.

Author:  John Scott
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 177: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4202

Matches: 10 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] . Scott may have been confused by CD’s …
  • … 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] . Scott refers to Karl Friedrich von Gärtner. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] DNB : …
  • … John Scott, 25 and 28 May [1863] . In December 1862, CD had, at Scott’s request, suggested …
  • … to attempt (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters from John Scott, 6 December [1862] and …
  • … 17 December [1862], and letters to …
  • … John Scott, 11 December [1862] and …
  • … 19 December [1862]). See letter to John Scott, 25 and 28 May [1863] . See the enclosure to …
  • … non-dimorphic species of Primula at the end of 1862, but this list has not been found (see …
  • … vol.  10, letter to John Scott, 3 December [1862] and n.  2). A similar list appeared in …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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