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To J. D. Hooker   24 [November 1862]

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Summary

Sends Asa Gray letter: "nearly as mad as ever in our English eyes".

Bates’s paper is admirable. The act of segregation of varieties into species was never so plainly brought forth.

CD is a little sorry that his present work is leading him to believe rather more in the direct action of physical conditions. Regrets it because it lessens the glory of natural selection and is so confoundedly doubtful.

JDH laid too much stress on importance of crossing with respect to origin of species; but certainly it is important in keeping forms stable.

If only Owen could be excluded from Council of Royal Society Falconer would be good to put in. CD must come down to London to see what he can do.

Falconer’s article in Journal of the Geological Society [18 (1862): 348–69] shows him coming round on permanence of species, but he does not like natural selection.

Sends Lythrum salicaria diagram.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 173, 279b; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Hooker letters 2: 46 JDH/2/1/2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3822

Matches: 62 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 [November 1862] …
  • … letters 2: 46 JDH/2/1/2) Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 [Nov 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Journal of the Geological Society [18 (1862): 348–69] shows him coming round on permanence …
  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon …
  • … to proof-sheets of part of the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science and …
  • … sheets for CD with his letter of 10 November 1862 , and apparently also enclosed a set for …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Hooker discussed A.  Gray 1862e in his …
  • … reply to this letter (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 26 November 1862  and n.  2). …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] ). However, he also began to suspect additional differences in …
  • … and after making almost 100 crosses in 1862, he was determined to make more in 1863 (see …
  • … ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  11 and 12, letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [November 1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). See also ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , pp.  169, …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Falconer, Hugh. 1862. On the disputed affinity of the mammalian …
  • … from the Purbeck beds. [Read 4 June 1862. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of …
  • … of diagram. — King St Leicester 17 Nov 1862 My Dear D r Hooker I need not say how glad I …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862  and n.  14. …
  • … See enclosure. Bates 1862 . The third part of volume 23 of the Transactions of …
  • … this paper appeared, was published on 13 November 1862 ( Raphael 1970 ); in his letter to …
  • … CD of [15 and] 20 November [1862], Hooker discussed several other papers in this part of …
  • … In his letter to CD of [15 and] 20 November [1862], Hooker mentioned his having criticised …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] and n.  2. Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [15  and] 20 November [1862] and n.  17. The reference is to John Lindley, in …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c; see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862  and [15  …
  • … and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). The opening sentence (p.  789) reads: ’It is not …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] and nn.  10 and 12. Richard Owen was …
  • … meeting of the society on 1  December 1862 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … 12: 299). Hugh Falconer. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] . …
  • … Falconer 1862 . Falconer began his paper, ‘On the disputed affinity of the mammalian genus …
  • … the most accurate observers and original thinkers of our time’ ( Falconer 1862 , p.  348). …
  • … See also letter to Hugh Falconer, 14 November [1862] and nn.  7 and 9. CD refers to …
  • … that he had seen (see letter to Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] and n.  25; the governess has not been identified. …
  • … Hooker’s letter to Bates of 13 November 1862 is reproduced in Bates 1892 , pp.  xlvi– …
  • … xlvii. See also letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] . In …
  • … his letter to Bates of 13 November 1862, Hooker, who was a vice-president of the Linnean …
  • … the society to have ‘done justice’ to Bates 1862 ( Bates 1892 , p.  xlvi; see also n.  4, …
  • … society by making extensive alterations to the proofs of Bates 1862 (see letter from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 17 October 1862 ); Richard Kippist was librarian of the Linnean Society. George …
  • … In his letter to Bates of 13 November 1862, Hooker had criticised Bates’s attempt to …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] and n.  6. CD, Bates, and Hooker had …
  • … this subject earlier in the year (see letters from J.   D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] , 17  …
  • … March 1862 , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] , 18  …
  • … March [1862] , and …
  • … 26 [March 1862] ). See letter to H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 20 November [1862] . Bates 1863 . The drawing is an enclosure to …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Note that this …
  • … to Hooker in his letter of 24 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10) that he was …
  • … Lythrum salicaria ; see also ibid. , letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . …
  • … CD sent similar diagrams in 1862 to two other correspondents (see ibid. , ,letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] ). A similar diagram was published in CD’s ‘Three forms of …
  • … of Lythrum salicaria at the end of July 1862, and also began observing their pollination …
  • … see, for example, Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and [3–]4 September [1862] . Most of CD’s …
  • … experiments on and observations of Lythrum for 1862, 1863, and 1864 are in DAR 27.2B; his …
  • … later work on Lythrum is in DAR 109. In 1862, as CD was counting the seeds resulting from …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Summary

Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 54 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 71–2, 79 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Nov 1862 20 …
  • … Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Argyll’s review [ Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand …
  • … governess has not been identified; she was appointed in June 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] and n.  4). Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill earlier in the …
  • … from her father, John Stevens Henslow (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ). …
  • … Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital. Andrew Murray’s …
  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that date, but …
  • … of Ireland in June, July, and August 1862 by HMS Porcupine , under the superintendence of …
  • … to the account given in the Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for November 1862 ( …
  • … Hoskyn 1862 ); his error in citing the title of the periodical may be explained by the …
  • … John Murray. Blanford, Henry Francis. 1862. On the specific identity of the described …
  • … London. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Edinburgh Review 116: 378–97. Hoskyn, Richard. 1862. Report on the deep sea soundings to …
  • … Porcupine,” in June, July, and August, 1862. Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle 31: …
  • … 561–9. Murray, Andrew. 1862. On the geographical relations of the …
  • … Coleoptera of Old Calabar. [Read 6 February 1862. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of …
  • … see, for example, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the botanists Robert Brown and John Lindley, and to …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, p.  910. …
  • … appeared, was published on 13 November 1862 ( Raphael 1970 ). There is an annotated copy …
  • … to Henry Walter Bates of 13 November 1862, which is reproduced in Bates 1892 , pp.  xlvi– …
  • … this subject earlier in the year (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] , 17  …
  • … March 1862 , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] , 18  …
  • … March [1862] , and …
  • … 26 [ March 1862] ). …
  • … Murray 1862 . In his paper, Andrew Murray discussed the Coleoptera of Old Calabar in …
  • … George Snow. In his letter of 3 November [1862] , CD requested that Hooker inform him of …
  • … meeting of the society on 1 December 1862 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … society. Writing to Sharpey on 13 November 1862 (University College London, MS Archives, …
  • … Blanford 1862 . In his paper, Bates invoked the theory of natural selection to account for …
  • … above) is heavily annotated. On Murray 1862 , see n.  7, above. In his paper on the genus …
  • … generic distinction was based ( Blanford 1862 , pp.  609–10), he stated: Indeed, accepting …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of this letter was written on …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Ludwig Büchner. …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). John Tyndall. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the disruption of the Church of Scotland …
  • … The attribution of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  is confirmed by the Wellesley index 1: 511–12. …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens in the herbarium …
  • … growing in Britain. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 23 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. …
  • … at this time will be viewed & used in that light there cannot be a doubt— Bates 1862 , …
  • … Murray 1862 , and …

To J. D. Hooker   11 June [1862]

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Summary

Sorry to hear of Mrs Hooker’s health and domestic problems. Wishes natural selection had produced neuters who would not flirt or marry.

Will be eager to hear Cameroon results.

Wishes JDH would discuss the "mundane glacial period". Still believes it will be "the turning point of all recent geographical distribution".

Pollen placed for 65 hours on apparent (CD still thinks real) stigma of Leschenaultia has not protruded a vestige of a tube.

"Oliver the omniscient" has produced an article in Botanische Zeitung with accurate account of all CD saw in Viola.

Asa Gray’s "red-hot" praise of Orchids [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 155
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3597

Matches: 30 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   11 June [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 155 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 June [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Viola . Asa Gray’s "red-hot" praise of Orchids [ Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 138–51]. …
  • … D.   Hooker, 16 January [1862] and 25 [ …
  • … and 26] January [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). …
  • … by the juries : International Exhibition, 1862. Reports by the juries on the subjects in …
  • … Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . …
  • … In his letter of 9 June 1862 , Hooker had written of Frances Harriet Hooker: ‘My wife is …
  • … to William Erasmus Darwin, [14 May 1862], in DAR 219.1: 56) and was thus a neighbour of …
  • … DAR 242), ‘Miss Pugh came to Down’ on 5 June 1862. CD also mentioned the Hookers’ kindness …
  • … reported here, which are dated 2 June 1862, are preserved in DAR 265. See also ML 2: 257– …
  • … 63. Müller 1857. See letter to Daniel Oliver, [before 11 June 1862] . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 . CD’s allusion to politics refers to the strained …
  • … Trent affair’ (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , letters to J.   …
  • … in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] . Charles Paget Hooker, the Hookers’ third …
  • … child, was 7 years old. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . Emma and Horace …
  • … Darwin were in Southampton from 3 to 12 June 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also …
  • … letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] and n.  4). Horace had been unwell earlier in …
  • … the year (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 February [1862] and …
  • … 26 April [1862]). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . CD refers to the International …
  • … in South Kensington, London, on 1 May 1862. Hooker was a member of the jury for class 4, …
  • … the juries ). CD was in London from 6 to 9 May 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)), and …
  • … Exhibition on 8 May (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [8 May 1862] ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862  and n.  3. CD put forward his ideas about migration during a …
  • … with Bates and Hooker when they visited Down House in April 1862 (see letter from H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 30 April 1862  and n.  3). However, Hooker’s work on the flora of Cameroon and …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] and n.  6). CD refers to his investigations …
  • … fertilisation in Leschenaultia (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] and n.  2). …

To J. D. Hooker   29 [December 1862]

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Summary

Genera plantarum reviewed in Parthenon by a man who says JDH is disgraced by being "obviously tinged with Darwinism".

CD by chance has found that Saturday Review article [14 (1862): 589] on Duke of Argyll was written by his [CD’s] nephew, Henry Parker.

Asa Gray sends American newspapers which CD never reads.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 175
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3881

Matches: 20 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   29 [December 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 175 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [Dec 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … D. Hooker, [before 29 December 1862] ). See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 , and letter to …
  • … James Anderson, 23 December [1862] . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 , and letter from …
  • … Francis Boott, 26 December 1862 . …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Edinburgh Review 116: 378–97. [Parker, Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. …
  • … found that Saturday Review article [14 (1862): 589] on Duke of Argyll was written by his [ …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] , and n.  2, below. The reference has not …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] ; the incomplete letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [before 29 December 1862] , may be the postscript to such a letter. …
  • … The anonymous review of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 appeared in …
  • … the Parthenon , 27 December 1862, pp.  1102– …
  • … 3. [Parker] 1862  and [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [before 29 December 1862] and nn.  3 and 4. …
  • … copy of the issue of the Saturday Review containing [Parker] 1862 (see letter from J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

Matches: 33 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   26 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 ; see letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1. …
  • … through CD, proof-sheets of the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1). For Gray’s comments on Daniel …
  • … Museum of Practical Geology, London, in November and December 1862 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 10 October [1862] and n.  3). The first lecture was entitled ‘The present …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] OED : …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November  1862  and n.  11. Hooker refers to his somewhat …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  5. See letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . CD, Hooker, and Charles Lyell had corresponded …
  • … In his letter of 27 [October 1862] , CD asked Hooker to provide him with specimens of …
  • … reactions of plants. See also letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , 7  …
  • … November 1862 , and [15  …
  • … and] 20 November [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the work for his monograph on …
  • … microscopical examination (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and [ …
  • … 12 October 1862] ). See also L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 23– …
  • … 6. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  15. Hooker refers to the first …
  • … reaction, see the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20 and 21. See also …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] . Hooker refers to Gray’ …
  • … comment, in his letter to CD of 10 November 1862, that he might have to send specimens of …
  • … Owen. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Falconer 1863. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . …

To J. D. Hooker   [10–]12 November [1862]

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Summary

So JDH did write the Gardeners’ Chronicle review [of Orchids]! CD guessed it from the little slap at R. Brown.

Dawson’s lecture has nothing new. Absurd to assume Greenland under water during whole of glacial period. Suggests absence of certain plants in Greenland due to seeds not surviving in sea-water. Suggests an experiment on vitality in sea-water of plants that might be in Greenland. Is more willing to admit a Norway–Greenland land connection than most other cases.

Urges JDH to warn Tyndall on his glacial theory of valleys in Switzerland.

Is working on cultivated plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [10–]12 Nov [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 169
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3801

Matches: 34 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [10–]12 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 169 Charles Robert Darwin Down [10–]12 Nov [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … drinking by George Chichester Oxenden (see letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, 21 June 1862  and …
  • … 17 September [1862] ). …
  • … Collins. 1958. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … more than one day (see n.  16, below). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 . In …
  • … his letter to CD of 7 November 1862, Hooker admitted having written the anonymous review …
  • … 1863b, p. [vii]). The trade sale referred to was held on 4 November 1862 ( Athenæum , …
  • … 8 November 1862, p.  595). [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 16 September 1862  and n.  4. See n.  5, above. This disinfectant liquid …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Tyndall, …
  • … John. 1862. On the conformation of the Alps. The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin …
  • … with his letter to Hooker of 3 November [1862] a list of species of which he required …
  • … plant sensitivity and movement (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 26 September [1862] , 27 [ …
  • … October 1862] , and …
  • … 3 November [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 October 1862 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862  and n.  18. George Snow operated a carrier service between …
  • … Thursday ( Freeman 1978 ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  15. …
  • … The extract from Tyndall 1862  has not been identified. Charles Lyell’s book, Antiquity of …
  • … Mabberley 1985 ). In his letter of 7 November 1862 , Hooker told CD that he feared Lindley …
  • … for comparison (see letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 27 [October 1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 ). Lindley was secretary of the Horticultural Society of …
  • … 12. Dawson 1862a. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862  and n.  12. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and n.  13. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 . Between 1855 and 1857, CD had carried out a number …
  • … 6). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 . CD refers to glacial striations, the …
  • … as a result of the extreme cold (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to CD of 7 November  1862, Hooker mentioned having considered ‘the probability …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  6. The reference is to the Shrewsbury …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 . The reference is to John William Dawson. …
  • … above. In his letter of 4 November [1862] , CD asked Hooker for a reference to Australian …
  • … of famine. Hooker’s reply of 7 November 1862 is incomplete; however, the missing portion …

From J. D. Hooker   20 August 1862

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Summary

Observations on Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 52–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3690

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1862
  • … DAR 101: 52–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, late …
  • … became ill with scarlet fever on 13 August 1862. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet Hooker, …
  • … who had been ill in June and July (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, 9 June 1862 , 19 [ …
  • … June 1862] , 28  …
  • … June 1862 , and …
  • … 2 July 1862 ). Horace Darwin …
  • … had been ill during the spring of 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … Geological Society of London on 5 March 1862. For an account of the controversy initiated …
  • … was a review of J.  D.  Hooker 1861a (see letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  11). …
  • … suffering from scarlet fever since June (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862] , and letter to A.   …
  • … R. Wallace, 20 August [1862] ). The Hookers had travelled to Switzerland in July so that …
  • … Frances might recover her health (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 , 2  …
  • … July 1862 , 10  …
  • … July 1862 , and [ …
  • … 24 July 1862] ). Frances Hooker’s late …
  • … was survived by four sisters ( Jenyns 1862 , p.  5); the reference is probably to the …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1862 . Hooker had recently been involved in …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] ). He was also examiner for the Society of …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). …
  • … their form (see letters to the Journal of Horticulture , [before 10 June 1862] and [before …
  • … 15 July 1862]). See also letter from T.   …
  • … W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. Gustav Mann was botanical collector for the Royal Botanic …
  • … also letter from T.  W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. William Henslow Hooker. John Lindley. In …
  • … Vanda Loweii— lowest flowers different from others   Gardeners Chronicle 1862.  p.  791. …
  • … The article, published in the 23 August 1862 issue, described a specimen belonging to …
  • … separate parcels’ in DAR 222). See also letter to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 9. Ramsay 1862. Andrew Crombie Ramsay read his controversial paper on the …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 December 1862]

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Summary

On Asa Gray’s letter; has written why he avoids alluding to the war.

Has read Max Müller [see 3752] – last part unphilosophical.

On CD’s pigeon example, long-beaked and short-beaked pigeons must be either sterile or not inter se. There is "no such thing as Equality – hence no such thing as chance and Nat. Sel. is the sword of Damocles hanging over your head if you make a slip in your premisses."

Has read note on Lythrum sent several weeks ago. Its consequences are of most prolific order to CD’s doctrine.

Kew has no wild gooseberries.

JDH praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3846

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [14 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 83–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [14 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review …
  • … of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . CD discussed the incidence of peloric …
  • … Library–CUL. T.  H.  Huxley 1862c. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] ; the intervening Sunday was 14 December. …
  • … CD apparently enclosed Asa Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862  with his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Hooker and Gray held radically different views on the …
  • … in their letters (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 ). Max Müller 1861 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  and nn.  2 and 3. Gustav Mann. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and nn.  8 and 9. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] and …
  • … 12 [December 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . The references are to Cohn 1860  and Dutrochet  …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 12 [December 1862], CD inquired about John Scott, who was …
  • … made inquiries in his letter to Hooker of 18 [November 1862]. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n.  18. According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … Plants’ ( Variation 1: 305–72) on 11 December 1862; the gooseberry is discussed on pp.   …
  • … of Horticulture , [before 2 December 1862]. Hooker’s oldest son, William Henslow Hooker, …

To J. D. Hooker   25 [and 26] January [1862]

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Summary

His answer to Asa Gray.

On JDH’s view of aristocracy. Primogeniture is dreadfully opposed to selection.

Orchid book proofs ready soon – has no idea whether it is worth publishing.

Huxley on Owen.

Feeble letter from J. H. Balfour against Huxley’s lectures ["Relation of man to lower animals", pt 2 of Man’s place in nature (1863)].

Has received the "astounding" Angraecum sesquipedale with nectary 1ft long: "what insect could suck it?"

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 [and 26] Jan [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3411

Matches: 27 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   25 [and 26] January [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 141 Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 [and 26] Jan [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … to Schroeder van der Kolk and Vrolik 1862 (see n.  11, below). The postscript was probably …
  • … of the letter (see n.  19, below). Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and nn.  8 and 9. The reference is to Jane Loring …
  • … letter from Robert Bateman, [28 January 1862] and Kritsky 1991 . See the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [25 January 1862] , in which Hooker provided CD with a list of dimorphic plant …
  • … to procure specimens for him. CD responded to Hooker in his letter of 30 January [1862] . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Stearn, William T. 1956. Bentham and Hooker’ …
  • … OED ). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . The first part …
  • … of volume 1 of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130). …
  • … Orchids was published in May 1862 ( Freeman 1977 , p.  112). …
  • … In his letter of [19 January 1862] , Hooker, commenting on Huxley’s delight at the …
  • … makes a noise’. Richard Owen. See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 13 January 1862 and n.  5. …
  • … CD refers to Schroeder van der Kolk and Vrolik 1862. See also letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] and n.  5. Letter from …
  • … J.  H.  Balfour, 14 January 1862. J.  D.  Hooker 1862a appeared in the January issue of …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  22). The paper was published with …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 16 January 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean …
  • … 6: lviii). See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] and n.  15. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] and n.  10. …
  • … William Borrer died on 10 January 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] ). CD had hoped to obtain plants and seeds from him. This …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [25 January 1862] , and was thus probably added on 26 January. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [25 January 1862] . CD thanked James Bateman for his …

To J. D. Hooker   7 March [1862]

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Summary

CD wishes he could sympathise with Asa Gray’s politics.

Orchids to appear soon.

Pre-glacial Arctic distribution.

Work on floral dimorphism.

High opinion of Buckle as a writer.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 185
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3468

Matches: 28 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   7 March [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 185 Charles Robert Darwin Down 7 Mar [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … n.  3, below). See the letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 , which is a reply to the …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] . CD’s letter has not been found, but see the letter …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, 3 March 1862 . CD’s paper, ‘Three sexual forms of …
  • … before the Linnean Society of London on 3 April 1862. CD’s publisher, John Murray, issued …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three sexual forms of Catasetum tridentatum ’: …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …
  • … the first edition of Orchids on 15 May 1862. Although favourably reviewed, the book sold …
  • … slowly. See letter to John Murray, 9 April [1862] , and Freeman 1977 , p.  112. J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker 1861a. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 25 February [1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862  and …
  • … 3 March 1862 . Link 1821 . See letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862  and n.  5. See letter …
  • … from C.  W.  Crocker, 17 February 1862. CD’s letter has not been found. The …
  • … letters from C.  W.  Crocker, [before 13 March 1862] and …
  • … 13 March 1862  give an indication of the experiments Crocker agreed to carry out for CD. …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Freeman, …
  • … of crosses in late January and February 1862, some of the results of which were later …
  • … 431–7, letter to T.  H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] and n.  9, and Correspondence vol.   …
  • … VI). See also letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  2, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . In ‘Illegitimate offspring of dimorphic …
  • … equal-styled variety of Primula sinensis in 1862 by observing some anomalous flowers in a …
  • … from these observations and experiments, dated 27 February – 30 March, 24 April 1862, and …
  • … 30 May 1862, are in DAR 108: 38 v. , 56–66. CD had read and greatly admired the first …

To J. D. Hooker   26 July [1862]

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Summary

Illness of his son [Leonard]. Has done no work for weeks.

JDH’s hybrid orchids are interesting; CD is surprised many hybrids are not produced.

George [Darwin] caught a moth sucking Gymnadenia conopsea with a pollen-mass of Habenaria bifolia sticking to it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3666

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   26 July [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 159 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 July [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] and n.  1. Leonard Darwin was recovering …
  • … s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] , letter to M.   …
  • … T. Masters, 24 July [1862] , letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ). CD may have intended to …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ); petechiae are red or purple spots on the …
  • … Gymnadenia conopsea (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] ). In DAR 70: …
  • … 30 there is a note, dated 21 June 1862, that states that George had seen the moth Plusia …
  • … CD’s experiments, see, for instance, the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.   …
  • … 7, and 23 June [1862] and n.  4, …
  • … the letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.  2, and the letter to M.   …
  • … T. Masters, 8 July [1862] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] . CD refers to the review of the first volume of the …
  • … 1: 373–5 (see also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] and n.  8). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] . The reference is to the last page of the April issue …
  • … errors. The last page of the April 1862  number of the Natural History Review concluded …
  • … stations’ ( Natural History Review n.s.  2 (1862): 346). CD’s letter has not been found. …
  • … Hookers had been on holiday in Switzerland from 4 to 23 July 1862 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 2 July 1862 , 10  …
  • … July 1862 , and [ …
  • … 24 July 1862] ). George Howard Darwin had made observations in June on the insects …

To J. D. Hooker   [18 May 1862]

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Summary

Leschenaultia seems very odd. Will try with pollen left on for 48 hours. Illustrates diversity of structures for same purpose.

Bentham’s and Oliver’s good opinion of Orchids is reassuring.

Anxious to experiment on Melastomataceae; thinks it will give important results.

Wants Leschenaultia formosa to try whether viscid outside surface can be fertilised.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [18 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 154
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3558

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   [18 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 154 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place [18 May 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Gardens, Kew (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). See also letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [8 May 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] and CD annotations. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] . …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] and [ …
  • … 17 May 1862] (see nn.  2, 4, and 5, below), and by reference to the Darwins’ stay at Leith …
  • … stayed at Leith Hill Place from 15 to 22 May 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, Appendix II)). In 1862, 18 May fell on a Sunday. See letters from …
  • … D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] . CD mentioned his interest in Rhododendron boothii in the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] . For Hooker’s identification of CD’s specimen, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] . There is a note describing the bent pistils …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [16  May 1862] and [ …
  • … 17 May 1862] . This point is discussed in Orchids , pp.  346–51, in a section entitled ‘ …
  • … for the same general purpose’. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] . See …
  • … also letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 May 1862 , and letter from …
  • … George Bentham, 15 May 1862 . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] . See letter to J.   …

To J. D. Hooker   23 June [1862]

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Summary

Has been ill (violent skin inflammation).

Has done hardly anything except tend to his experiments. Repeating Primula work has verified former results and very curious facts on sterility of homomorphic seedlings.

Wonders who reviewed Orchids for London Review & Wkly J. Polit..

Asa Gray also infatuated with Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  23 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3620

Matches: 22 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   23 June [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 156 Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 June [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ). See …
  • … letters from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] and …
  • … 18 May 1862 . See letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862  and …
  • … 19 [June 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] . William Erasmus Darwin visited …
  • … Hooker at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, on 20 June 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] ). …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] . The apparently terminal illness of his …
  • … had caused Hooker to declare, in his letter of 19 [June 1862] : ‘this is a weary life’. …
  • … had been sent home from school on 12 June 1862 suffering from scarlet fever (see letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ). CD apparently refers to repeating the crossing …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] ‘ …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … in Primula ’ . In January and February 1862, he carried out similar crossing experiments …
  • … also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and n.  10). CD’s results from the crosses …
  • … repeated his crosses with P.  veris on 1 May 1862; his notes on these experiments are in …
  • … fertilisation , p.  28. See also letter to Alphonse de Candolle, 17 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 2, and letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] . The review of Orchids published in …
  • … of Politics, Arts, and Science 4 (1862): 553–4 was written by Miles Joseph Berkeley (see …

To J. D. Hooker   30 May [1862]

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Summary

Has received Melastoma and Vanilla.

Has seen again the two sets of plants of Heterocentron raised from two lots of pollen from same flower – a marvellous difference in stature.

"But oh Lord what will become of my book on variation: I am involved in a multiplicity of experiments."

Observations on Viola.

CD’s fancied dimorphism of Oxalis is all a confounded mistake; only great variability in length of pistils.

Found Henslow’s life [L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. J. S. Henslow (1862)] interesting but fears the public will think it dull.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 May [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 152
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3575

Matches: 22 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   30 May [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 152 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 May [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … L. Jenyns, Memoir of the Rev. J. S. Henslow (1862)] interesting but fears the public will …
  • … The year is established by the reference to Jenyns 1862 (see n.  8, below). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  3. See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and n.  7. See letters …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 April 1862] and [ …
  • … 29 May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … November [1861] and 7 December [1861] ). See letters to Daniel Oliver, 20 [April 1862] and …
  • … 24 April [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Daniel Oliver, 23 April 1862 . See n.  7, above. …
  • … Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, late rector of Hitcham, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] . CD refers to the account of variation in domesticated plants …
  • … in Primula ’ ([Oliver] 1862c) (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April  1862 ). See …
  • … also letters to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] and …
  • … 15 April [1862] . There are notes by CD on his experiments …
  • … with Viola in DAR 111: 3–5, dated 28 May and 30 May 1862. …
  • … Jenyns 1862 . John Stevens Henslow, Hooker’s father-in-law, died in …
  • … May 1861. See also letter to Leonard Jenyns, 24 May [1862] and n.  2. See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] . In the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 November [1861] ( …

From J. D. Hooker   19 [June 1862]

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Summary

Household problems: wife’s health, visitors to Kew.

Will go to sale of J. C. Ross’s effects looking for glacial and Kerguelen Land works not at British Museum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3611

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 [June 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 38–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 [June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Maria McGilvray, died on 15 August 1862 (see ‘Hooker pedigree’ in Allan 1967 ). For CD’ …
  • … Weekly Journal of Politics, Arts and Science ( [Berkeley] 1862 ), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . …
  • … Michael Joseph. [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … 8, below). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . Hooker refers to John Lubbock. …
  • … Darwin was sent home from school with scarlet fever on 12 June 1862 (see letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ). The governess has not been identified. For Hooker’s concern …
  • … about the state of his household, see the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and …
  • … 9 June 1862 . Hooker had been helping CD to foster William Erasmus Darwin’s interest in …
  • … in Southampton, visit Kew (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] , letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [8  May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). George Graeme Watson-Taylor was a British subject who owned …
  • … much publicity in Britain, and on 13 June 1862 it was the subject of a lengthy debate in …
  • … Ramsay Henslow, married Susan Wall on 9 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 (1862): 489). George Pellew was dean of Norwich. …
  • … Sarah Hawthorn of Stapleford, Cambridgeshire, on 24 June 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s. …
  • … 13 (1862): 222). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] , n.  6. See also letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . The polar explorer, James …
  • … in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire on 3  April 1862; Hooker had been assistant surgeon on Ross’ …

From J. D. Hooker   [17 May 1862]

Summary

Discusses Leschenaultia, finds no stigmatic surface in the indusium.

Gives information on where to obtain paper for drying plants and where to obtain a microscope.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3527

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [17 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [17 May 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bentham and Daniel Oliver (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 May 1862 , and letter from …
  • … George Bentham, 15 May 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … of Orchids (see n.  7, below); 17 May 1862 fell on a Saturday. See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 May [1862] , 9  …
  • … May [1862] , and …
  • … 15 [May 1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and [ …
  • … 16 May 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] and n.  3. The diagram has been reduced to 65% of its original …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] . Hooker refers to the botanical bookseller …
  • … Thomas Ross (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and n.  5). CD sent presentation …

To J. D. Hooker   15 [May 1862]

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Summary

Yellow anthers of Heterocentron produce on the same plant thrice as many seeds as the crimson anthers. Crimson anther seeds produce dwarf plants, others rise high up. Monochaetum ensiferum facts are still more strange. Wants to investigate the case, and asks for a plant of the Melastomataceae just before flowering.

Has JDH a Rhododendron boothii from Bhutan with pistil bent the wrong way?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 [May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3548

Matches: 21 hits

  • … For Hooker’s reply to CD’s request, see the letter from J.  D.   Hooker, 23 May 1862 . …
  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   15 [May 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 151 Charles Robert Darwin Leith Hill Place 15 [May 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 1 May [1862] ), and had apparently sent him specimens at …
  • … Hooker’s request (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). Hooker’s father, William Jackson Hooker, was director of the …
  • … detailed note on this subject, dated 16 May 1862, in DAR 49: 77–8. Hooker had collected …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Hooker, …
  • … See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [17 May 1862] . Hooker’s comments may have been made …
  • … the Linnean Society meeting of 3 April 1862. The reference is apparently to the results of …
  • … roseum between October 1861 and January 1862. The results of these experiments, showing …
  • … the crimson anthers, are recorded in a note dated 3 February 1862 (DAR 205.8: 46; see also …
  • … letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] ). The reference is probably to John Horwood, …
  • … p.  158. There is a note recording this observation, dated 14 May 1862, in DAR 205.8: 49. …
  • … similar observations on 30 May and 9 August 1862 (see DAR 205.8: 49–50). CD had observed …
  • … Monochaetum ensiferum changed over time (see letters to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] and …
  • … 15 March [1862] ). For CD’s attempts to understand the significance of these changes, see …
  • … Appendix IV, and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). The Darwins stayed at the home …
  • … Josiah Wedgwood III, from 15 to 22 May 1862 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) and ‘ …
  • … 27 April [1860] ). There is a note, dated May 1862, describing CD’s observation on R.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …

To J. D. Hooker   24 December [1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Dawson’s letter. Doubts his evidence that climate of land was not glacial when upheaved after submergence.

Encloses memorandum of questions for C. V. Naudin.

Expression of the emotions.

Is building a hothouse for plant experimenting.

JDH’s ideas on America are more atrocious than his. What a new idea that struggle for existence is necessary to try to purge a government! Probably true. Slavery draws him one way one day, another the next. Yankees are "detestable toward us". Tocqueville.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Dec [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 177
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3875

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   24 December [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 177 Charles Robert Darwin Down 24 Dec [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … With his letter to CD of [21 December 1862], Hooker had enclosed a letter, now missing, …
  • … of North America. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … result of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] , [15 and] …
  • … 20 November [1862] , and …
  • … 26 November 1862 ). See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . CD read Tocqueville 1836  in February 1849 (see …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . Emma and William Erasmus Darwin. …
  • … D.  Hooker, [ 21 December 1862] . Neither CD’s ‘memorandum’ nor Charles Victor Naudin’s …
  • … see letter from C.  V.  Naudin, 26 June 1862 ). See also Correspondence vol.  11, letter …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] and n.  6. Augustus Frederick Oldfield. …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] and n.  5. CD’s work on the expression of …
  • … heated glass case (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [21 December 1862] and n.  2). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . Hooker and Asa Gray held radically different …
  • … in their letters (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 ). CD refers to Hooker’s whimsical suggestion that he would …
  • … s letter to CD of [27 or 28 December 1862], but have not been found. However, in Variation …
  • … letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 January [1862] and 15 February [1863], and letter to George …

To J. D. Hooker   14 [October 1862]

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Summary

Thanks for Aldrovanda reference and Cassia.

Has wasted labour on Melastomataceae without getting a glimpse of the meaning of the parts.

Wants seeds, from their native land, of Heterocentron or Monochaetum.

Is beginning to change his view about rarity of natural hybrids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  14 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 166
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3762

Matches: 27 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   14 [October 1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 166 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 [Oct 1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … occurring orchid hybrids in his letter to CD of [24 July 1862]. See n.  5, above. …
  • … Letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] . The first part of …
  • … the first volume of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130); CD’s lightly annotated copy of this work is in …
  • … crossing experiments performed in 1861 and 1862 with the dimorphic Primula sinensis (see ‘ …
  • … the homologies of plant parts (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.   …
  • … 4, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] and n.  7). See letter …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] and n.  1; see also letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 16 September 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [18 September 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker [12 October 1862], and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] and n.  14. See letter …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Godron, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … p.  321. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  2. CD’s note has not …
  • … in response to CD’s letter of 26 September [1862] , in which CD gave an account of his …
  • … been found, but see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  5. …
  • … In a note dated 14 October 1862 (DAR 205.8: 4), CD recorded: ‘Hooker says Cassia ( …
  • … of anthers in Lupinus nanus , dated 5 August 1862, in DAR 76: 92, and further notes in DAR …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  18. In October 1861, CD had begun to …
  • … continued to work on the family throughout 1862 and 1863 without ultimately being able to …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [12 October 1862] and n.  11. CD was keen to test the commonly held …
  • … CD carried out such experiments between 1862 and 1867 (see the experimental notes in DAR …
  • … Primula ’ ). Between 7 October and 11 December 1862, CD wrote a draft section of Variation …

To J. D. Hooker   9 February [1862]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for box of melastomes

and a very valuable reference from Daniel Oliver.

Is crossing Monochaetum which he thinks is dimorphic.

Is "sometimes half tempted to give up species & stick to experiments".

Pollen of Bletia hyacinthina is quite unlike other Bletia species but exactly the same as Epipactis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 143
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3440

Matches: 21 hits

  • … To J.  D.  Hooker   9 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 115: 143 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Feb [1862] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … 1861 (see Stearn 1956 , p.  129; see also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] ). …
  • … the references to Bates 1863  and Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 (see nn.  13 and 14, below). …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] . CD had sent a diagram of Heterocentron to …
  • … had declined to assist (see letter to George Bentham, 3 February [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] ). CD had asked for flowers of this plant in his letter to …
  • … of London. Bates 1863 . See letter from H.  W.  Bates, 25 January 1862 , letter to H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 31 January [1862] , letter to John …
  • … Murray, 28 January [1862] , and letter from …
  • … John Murray, 30 January [1862] . …
  • … Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. CD regretted the length of time the project would take to …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Stearn, William T. 1956. Bentham and Hooker’ …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [1 January 1862]). Daniel Oliver had supplied CD with a …
  • … letter from Daniel Oliver, [4–8 February 1862] ). Plus minusve sigmoides: ‘more or less …
  • … with Monochaetum ensiferum on 7 February 1862, using a plant belonging to his neighbour …
  • … 41. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] . In his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] , CD had discussed the apparently atypical pollen of a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] and n.  2. In Orchids, p.  269, CD reported …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] . In the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 January – 8 February 1862] , Hooker mentioned an incident involving …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In March 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn wrote to Darwin stating his intention to prepare a …
  • … edition (see letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Since the publication of the …
  • … of importance’ (see letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). Darwin had sent Bronn some of these …
  • … in the new edition; in his letter to Bronn of 25 April [1862 ], he mentioned that he was sending …
  • … from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). (No American edition incorporating …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …
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