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From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Summary

Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 54 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 71–2, 79 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Nov 1862 20 …
  • … Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Argyll’s review [ Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand …
  • … governess has not been identified; she was appointed in June 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] and n.  4). Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill earlier in the …
  • … from her father, John Stevens Henslow (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ). …
  • … Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital. Andrew Murray’s …
  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that date, but …
  • … of Ireland in June, July, and August 1862 by HMS Porcupine , under the superintendence of …
  • … to the account given in the Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for November 1862 ( …
  • … Hoskyn 1862 ); his error in citing the title of the periodical may be explained by the …
  • … John Murray. Blanford, Henry Francis. 1862. On the specific identity of the described …
  • … London. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Edinburgh Review 116: 378–97. Hoskyn, Richard. 1862. Report on the deep sea soundings to …
  • … Porcupine,” in June, July, and August, 1862. Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle 31: …
  • … 561–9. Murray, Andrew. 1862. On the geographical relations of the …
  • … Coleoptera of Old Calabar. [Read 6 February 1862. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of …
  • … see, for example, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the botanists Robert Brown and John Lindley, and to …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, p.  910. …
  • … appeared, was published on 13 November 1862 ( Raphael 1970 ). There is an annotated copy …
  • … to Henry Walter Bates of 13 November 1862, which is reproduced in Bates 1892 , pp.  xlvi– …
  • … this subject earlier in the year (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] , 17  …
  • … March 1862 , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] , 18  …
  • … March [1862] , and …
  • … 26 [ March 1862] ). …
  • … Murray 1862 . In his paper, Andrew Murray discussed the Coleoptera of Old Calabar in …
  • … George Snow. In his letter of 3 November [1862] , CD requested that Hooker inform him of …
  • … meeting of the society on 1 December 1862 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … society. Writing to Sharpey on 13 November 1862 (University College London, MS Archives, …
  • … Blanford 1862 . In his paper, Bates invoked the theory of natural selection to account for …
  • … above) is heavily annotated. On Murray 1862 , see n.  7, above. In his paper on the genus …
  • … generic distinction was based ( Blanford 1862 , pp.  609–10), he stated: Indeed, accepting …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of this letter was written on …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Ludwig Büchner. …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). John Tyndall. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the disruption of the Church of Scotland …
  • … The attribution of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  is confirmed by the Wellesley index 1: 511–12. …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens in the herbarium …
  • … growing in Britain. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 23 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. …
  • … at this time will be viewed & used in that light there cannot be a doubt— Bates 1862 , …
  • … Murray 1862 , and …

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

Matches: 33 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   26 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 ; see letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1. …
  • … through CD, proof-sheets of the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1). For Gray’s comments on Daniel …
  • … Museum of Practical Geology, London, in November and December 1862 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 10 October [1862] and n.  3). The first lecture was entitled ‘The present …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] OED : …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November  1862  and n.  11. Hooker refers to his somewhat …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  5. See letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . CD, Hooker, and Charles Lyell had corresponded …
  • … In his letter of 27 [October 1862] , CD asked Hooker to provide him with specimens of …
  • … reactions of plants. See also letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , 7  …
  • … November 1862 , and [15  …
  • … and] 20 November [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the work for his monograph on …
  • … microscopical examination (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and [ …
  • … 12 October 1862] ). See also L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 23– …
  • … 6. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  15. Hooker refers to the first …
  • … reaction, see the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20 and 21. See also …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] . Hooker refers to Gray’ …
  • … comment, in his letter to CD of 10 November 1862, that he might have to send specimens of …
  • … Owen. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Falconer 1863. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . …

From J. D. Hooker   20 August 1862

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Observations on Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 52–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3690

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1862
  • … DAR 101: 52–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, late …
  • … became ill with scarlet fever on 13 August 1862. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet Hooker, …
  • … who had been ill in June and July (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, 9 June 1862 , 19 [ …
  • … June 1862] , 28  …
  • … June 1862 , and …
  • … 2 July 1862 ). Horace Darwin …
  • … had been ill during the spring of 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … Geological Society of London on 5 March 1862. For an account of the controversy initiated …
  • … was a review of J.  D.  Hooker 1861a (see letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  11). …
  • … suffering from scarlet fever since June (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862] , and letter to A.   …
  • … R. Wallace, 20 August [1862] ). The Hookers had travelled to Switzerland in July so that …
  • … Frances might recover her health (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 , 2  …
  • … July 1862 , 10  …
  • … July 1862 , and [ …
  • … 24 July 1862] ). Frances Hooker’s late …
  • … was survived by four sisters ( Jenyns 1862 , p.  5); the reference is probably to the …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1862 . Hooker had recently been involved in …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] ). He was also examiner for the Society of …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). …
  • … their form (see letters to the Journal of Horticulture , [before 10 June 1862] and [before …
  • … 15 July 1862]). See also letter from T.   …
  • … W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. Gustav Mann was botanical collector for the Royal Botanic …
  • … also letter from T.  W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. William Henslow Hooker. John Lindley. In …
  • … Vanda Loweii— lowest flowers different from others   Gardeners Chronicle 1862.  p.  791. …
  • … The article, published in the 23 August 1862 issue, described a specimen belonging to …
  • … separate parcels’ in DAR 222). See also letter to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 9. Ramsay 1862. Andrew Crombie Ramsay read his controversial paper on the …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 December 1862]

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On Asa Gray’s letter; has written why he avoids alluding to the war.

Has read Max Müller [see 3752] – last part unphilosophical.

On CD’s pigeon example, long-beaked and short-beaked pigeons must be either sterile or not inter se. There is "no such thing as Equality – hence no such thing as chance and Nat. Sel. is the sword of Damocles hanging over your head if you make a slip in your premisses."

Has read note on Lythrum sent several weeks ago. Its consequences are of most prolific order to CD’s doctrine.

Kew has no wild gooseberries.

JDH praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3846

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [14 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 83–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [14 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review …
  • … of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . CD discussed the incidence of peloric …
  • … Library–CUL. T.  H.  Huxley 1862c. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] ; the intervening Sunday was 14 December. …
  • … CD apparently enclosed Asa Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862  with his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Hooker and Gray held radically different views on the …
  • … in their letters (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 ). Max Müller 1861 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  and nn.  2 and 3. Gustav Mann. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and nn.  8 and 9. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] and …
  • … 12 [December 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . The references are to Cohn 1860  and Dutrochet  …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 12 [December 1862], CD inquired about John Scott, who was …
  • … made inquiries in his letter to Hooker of 18 [November 1862]. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n.  18. According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … Plants’ ( Variation 1: 305–72) on 11 December 1862; the gooseberry is discussed on pp.   …
  • … of Horticulture , [before 2 December 1862]. Hooker’s oldest son, William Henslow Hooker, …

From J. D. Hooker   19 [June 1862]

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Household problems: wife’s health, visitors to Kew.

Will go to sale of J. C. Ross’s effects looking for glacial and Kerguelen Land works not at British Museum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3611

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 [June 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 38–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 [June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Maria McGilvray, died on 15 August 1862 (see ‘Hooker pedigree’ in Allan 1967 ). For CD’ …
  • … Weekly Journal of Politics, Arts and Science ( [Berkeley] 1862 ), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . …
  • … Michael Joseph. [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … 8, below). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . Hooker refers to John Lubbock. …
  • … Darwin was sent home from school with scarlet fever on 12 June 1862 (see letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ). The governess has not been identified. For Hooker’s concern …
  • … about the state of his household, see the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and …
  • … 9 June 1862 . Hooker had been helping CD to foster William Erasmus Darwin’s interest in …
  • … in Southampton, visit Kew (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] , letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [8  May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). George Graeme Watson-Taylor was a British subject who owned …
  • … much publicity in Britain, and on 13 June 1862 it was the subject of a lengthy debate in …
  • … Ramsay Henslow, married Susan Wall on 9 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 (1862): 489). George Pellew was dean of Norwich. …
  • … Sarah Hawthorn of Stapleford, Cambridgeshire, on 24 June 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s. …
  • … 13 (1862): 222). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] , n.  6. See also letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . The polar explorer, James …
  • … in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire on 3  April 1862; Hooker had been assistant surgeon on Ross’ …

From J. D. Hooker   [17 May 1862]

Summary

Discusses Leschenaultia, finds no stigmatic surface in the indusium.

Gives information on where to obtain paper for drying plants and where to obtain a microscope.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3527

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [17 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [17 May 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bentham and Daniel Oliver (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 May 1862 , and letter from …
  • … George Bentham, 15 May 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … of Orchids (see n.  7, below); 17 May 1862 fell on a Saturday. See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 May [1862] , 9  …
  • … May [1862] , and …
  • … 15 [May 1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and [ …
  • … 16 May 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] and n.  3. The diagram has been reduced to 65% of its original …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] . Hooker refers to the botanical bookseller …
  • … Thomas Ross (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and n.  5). CD sent presentation …

From J. D. Hooker   [before 29 December 1862]

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Comments on items in the Saturday Review and the Edinburgh Review.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 29 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3879F

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [before 29 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 85 Joseph Dalton Hooker [before 29 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … as a ‘true miracle’. [G.  D.   Campbell] 1862  reviewed Orchids in conjunction with five …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. …
  • … the Saturday Review containing [Parker] 1862 (see n.  3, below). It is not known whether …
  • … to a letter which has not been found (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … Hooker refers to [Parker] 1862 , published in the Saturday …
  • … Review on 15 November 1862, which criticised the views advanced by George Douglas …
  • … nature in its narrower sense’ ( [Parker] 1862 , p.  590). He asserted that God’s ‘coming …
  • … duke of Argyll, in [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . It is not known when CD sent Hooker the …
  • … but see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 December 1862] . In his article, Argyll argued that miracles were not …

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1862

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JDH admits he wrote Gardeners’ Chronicle and Natural History Review articles on orchids [Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6].

JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was repopulated. Temperate Greenland has as Arctic a flora as Arctic Greenland – a fact of astounding force. Why should certain Scandinavian species be absent? Migration by sea-currents can no more account for the present distribution in Greenland than can special creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3797

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter is given by CD’s reply ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). …
  • … History Review articles on orchids [ Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. …
  • … Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6]. JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was …
  • … In his letter of 3 November [1862] , CD asked Hooker whether he was the author of the …
  • … Agricultural Gazette in August and September 1862 ([J.  D. Hooker] 1862c). John Lindley, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 . The references are to John Lubbock and Karl …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  8. Some indication of the content …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sheets-Pyenson, Susan. 1992. Index to the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  5. Disko Island and Disko Bay are on …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  6. The reference is to the orchid …
  • … hirsutissimum (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  7. Henry Christy and Edouard Amant Isidore Hippolyte …
  • … valley caves in the Dordogne ( DNB ). Their 1862 itinerary has not been identified. See …
  • … have been written by Daniel Oliver (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Hooker refers to an error in J.  D.  Hooker 1844–7 , p.   …
  • … John William Dawson. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Dawson was principal of McGill University, Montreal. …
  • … Naturalist and Geologist for October 1862 (Dawson 1862b); a version of this review may …
  • … in a letter to Asa Gray of 19 September 1862 that is at the Gray Herbarium of Harvard …
  • … to Hooker with his own letter of 15 October 1862 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Asa Gray …
  • … this winter. ’ See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and nn.   5 and 6. See …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1862

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Summary

Wife’s health better.

Visited Duke of Argyll.

Thanks CD for Cruciferae diagram; will ponder it.

Staggered by complexity of Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 56–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3725

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 September 1862
  • … DAR 101: 56–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Joseph. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … The Hookers had left Kew for Scotland on 23 August 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] and n.  8. Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 ). Staffa is an uninhabited island, in the …
  • … on Herring , p.  145). In their report of 1862, the commissioners rejected the claims …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Report of the Royal Commission on Herring : …
  • … entitled ‘The supernatural’ that appeared in the Edinburgh Review for October 1862 ( [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ). There is a copy of Argyll’s review in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … board HMS Erebus . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . The reference has not been traced. Hooker was preparing …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). Daniel Oliver was an assistant in the …
  • … See also letter from Daniel Oliver, 4 September 1862 . Hooker refers to the wedding of …
  • … Hooker, to James Campbell, in Glasgow on 4 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 ( 1862): 488). Hooker spent most of his childhood in Glasgow, where from 1820, his …
  • … the university ( Allan 1967 ). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] . …
  • … In 1862, the British Association for the Advancement of Science held its annual meeting in …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 October 1862] ). Catherine and George Downing Liveing. …
  • … Scotland between 8 August and 16 September 1862, in his capacity as a member of the Royal …

From J. D. Hooker   [21 December 1862]

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Summary

"Throttled off" Welwitschia paper at Linnean Society [Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 24 (1863): 1–48].

Has read Tocqueville’s Democracy in America [1835–40] – disagrees with it. Tocqueville says democracy in America is a success. Democracy has persisted because there has been no cause for its overthrow (i.e., no struggle for existence, too much mobility).

Sends J. W. Dawson’s unsatisfactory letter.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [21 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 80–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3856

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [21 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 80–2 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [21 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 12 November [1862] . See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 December [1862] . …
  • … below); the Sunday following 18 December 1862 was 21 December. CD’s elder brother, Erasmus …
  • … to Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83). Hooker and Bentham left for a ten-day …
  • … by George Snow. Tocqueville 1836 . In 1862 Henry Reeve published a new edition of his …
  • … of Tocqueville 1836 (Reeve trans.  1862). William Henslow Hooker. Frances Harriet Hooker. …
  • … Dawson has not been found. However, see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862  and …
  • … 7 November 1862 , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 18 December 1862, concluding at a subsequent meeting of the …
  • … the year (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [27 or 28 December 1862] and R.  Desmond 1994 ). …
  • … In his letter of 4 November [1862] , CD had asked Hooker for assistance in tracing a …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). The bees and honeycomb had been acquired for …
  • … collector Gustav Mann (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and nn.   …
  • … 8 and 9, and [14 December 1862]). A weekly carrier service between Down and London was …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 July 1862]

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Summary

Wife’s health improved by trip.

Heer’s collections convince JDH that Miocene vegetation was Himalayan, not American, as Heer supposed.

Zurich promises to be a good natural history school.

Review of Natural History Review in Parthenon [1 (1862): 373–5].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 70: 171, DAR 101: 48–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3665

Matches: 20 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [24 July 1862] …
  • … Dalton Hooker University of London, Burlington House [24 July 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … natural history school. Review of Natural History Review in Parthenon [1 (1862): 373–5]. …
  • … in Switzerland; the Hookers were abroad from 4 to 23 July 1862 (see letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 2 July 1862  and …
  • … 10 July 1862 ). The letter …
  • … was written on a Thursday; 24 July 1862 fell on a Thursday. Hooker had taken his wife, …
  • … hope that she might recover her health (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, 28 June 1862 , 2  …
  • … July 1862 , and …
  • … 10 July 1862 ). Walter Hood Fitch was a botanical artist at the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , letters to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] , 9  …
  • … July [1862] , and [after …
  • … 14 July 1862] , and letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862] ). …
  • … ed.  1918, 1: 537; Medical directory (1862): 200). University College London was one of …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 10 July 1862 , and L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 1: 401–2). In …
  • … Hooker refers to the number for July 1862. Daniel Oliver was one of the botanical editors …
  • … Natural History Review in the Parthenon 1 (1862): 373–5. The reviewer welcomed the journal …

From J. D. Hooker   [12 October 1862]

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Summary

Has sent two Impatiens flowers; curious to know what CD makes of the floral whorls and their vascular bundles.

Cassia is another genus that has different [coloured] anthers in same flower.

Continues to work on Welwitschia.

Feels as CD does about his work, which after a time seems flat and stale. He could never have done what CD did in his Orchids.

CD’s facts about Verbascum have horrible bearing on JDH’s practice of lumping species together.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [12 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 59–60, 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3757

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [12 October 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 59–60, 86 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [12 Oct 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … exchanges, see his letter to CD of 9 October 1862. The phrase is used to describe one who …
  • … seeks an argument ( OED ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . …
  • … relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] , and by reference to a note …
  • … in DAR 205.8: 4, dated 14 October 1862, which records some of the observations made in …
  • … Lassus 1861 . In his letter of 26 September [1862] , CD had asked Hooker for his opinion …
  • … in the insectivorous plant Drosera. Letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . In …
  • … Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  13. See n.  12, above. See also letter to J.  D.   …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] . Hooker refers to Thomas Henry Huxley and …
  • … between humans and anthropoid apes, at the 1862 meeting of the British Association, held …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … his letter to Hooker of [18 September 1862], CD asked Hooker to send him ‘2 or 3 single …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 22 [August 1862], CD requested information about species in …
  • … is a note in DAR 205.8: 4, dated 14 October 1862, which records Hooker’s identification of …
  • … Hooker 1863a). In his letter of 16 September 1862 , Hooker informed CD that he intended …
  • … to display the plant at the 1862 meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . Hooker alludes to William Shakespeare’s …
  • … spent in preparing Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] , and the letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] . In a section of J.   D.  Hooker 1853 , which is headed ‘ …
  • … vol.  10, Appendix VI, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 14 [January 1862] , and letter to …

From J. D. Hooker   2 November 1862

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Summary

Stupefied by CD’s five forms of Lythrum.

Asa Gray busy with Cypripedium. JDH offers some to CD if he wants to challenge Gray.

J. W. Dawson’s review of JDH’s paper on Arctic plants.

Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s views on Basque and Finnish language [Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left behind after the glacial period, like the Arctic plants!

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 66–7, 70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3792

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   2 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 66–7, 70 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 2 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker 1863a and Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. The Philosophical Club of the Royal …
  • … 28 December): 1198–9. Bonaparte, Louis Lucien. 1862. Langue Basque et langues Finnoises. …
  • … Langue basque et langues finnoises (1862)] suggest to JDH that Basques are Finns left …
  • … but see the letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] and n.  12, and the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  9. …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 27 [October 1862], CD mentioned that Oliver had promised to …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sheets-Pyenson, Susan. 1992. Index to the …
  • … of Louis Lucien Bonaparte’s privately printed pamphlet ( Bonaparte 1862 ) appeared in the …
  • … Athenæum , 1 November 1862, pp.  559–61. In J.  D.  Hooker 1861a, Hooker sought to explain …
  • … D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  13 and 14. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and nn.  5 and 6. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker 27 [October 1862]. During the summer, Asa Gray had carried out at …
  • … sending CD his notes on the subject (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20  June [1862] and …
  • … 1 July [1862] ). In …
  • … a letter to Hooker of 13 October 1862, which is at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa …
  • … also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  10. Gray reviewed Hooker’s paper …
  • … in a letter to Gray of 19 September 1862, which is preserved at the Gray Herbarium of …
  • … to Hooker with his own letter of 15 October 1862 , which is at the Royal Botanic Gardens, …
  • … Christian Association of Montreal in February 1862 (Dawson 1862a). No copy of Dawson 1862a …

From J. D. Hooker   [29 May 1862]

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Sends two flowers of Vanilla and two Melastomataceae.

Has worked on Cameroon list ["Mountain flowering plants and ferns of the Cameroons", in Burton, Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountains (1863) 2: 270–7]

and Genera plantarum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [29 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 37
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3574

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [29 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 37 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [29 May 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Reports by the juries ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and nn.  7 and 8. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office directory of the six home …
  • … relationship to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 23 May 1862 , and to the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ; the intervening Thursday fell on 29 May. Although Orchids had …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [7 April 1862] and n.  2); CD’ s notes on the specimens …
  • … in J.  D.  Hooker 1863b. See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and nn.  3 and …
  • … 5. Bentham and Hooker 1862–83. The International …
  • … in South Kensington, London, on 1 May 1862. Hooker was a member of the jury for class 4, …
  • … by the juries : International Exhibition, 1862. Reports by the juries on the subjects in …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1862). Earlier in May, CD had asked Hooker for …
  • … that were about to flower (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and [ …
  • … 18 May 1862] ). There are observational notes on specimens …
  • … melastomaceous species Rhexia glandulosa (dated 1 June 1862) and Centradenia floribunda ( …
  • … dated 31 May 1862) in DAR 205.8: 14 r.  and 19 r. Hooker was compiling a list of the …

From J. D. Hooker   28 June 1862

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Summary

M. J. Berkeley wrote London Review & Wkly J. Polit. article.

CD is "out of sight the best physiological observer and experimenter that Botany ever saw".

Laments how much he [JDH] missed when doing the Listera ["Functions and structure of the rostellum of Listera ovata", Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 144 (1854): 259–64].

Illness of wife and father.

"More plants from Fernando Po and more European".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 42–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3624

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   28 June 1862
  • … DAR 101: 42–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 28 June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … by the juries ). Charles Victor Naudin. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] . …
  • … Bibliography [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review and …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . [ …
  • … Berkeley] 1862 . See …
  • … also letter to John Murray, 18 [June 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . J.  D.  Hooker 1854a. In Orchids , p.  139, at the beginning …
  • … edition of Origin (p.  445). See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] and n.  6. …
  • … At the International Exhibition of 1862, Hooker was a member of the jury for class 4, …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … by the juries : International Exhibition, 1862. Reports by the juries on the subjects in …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] ). Frances Harriet Hooker’s father, John …
  • … visited Switzerland in the summer of 1862 in order to examine the sites of prehistoric …
  • … Add. Ms.  62679: 64 r. ), and letter from John Lubbock, 23 August 1862 ). The first …
  • … part of Genera plantarum (Bentham and Hooker 1862–83) was published …
  • … on 7 August 1862 ( Stearn 1956 , p.  130). In a paper read before the Linnean Society of …

From J. D. Hooker   [10 March 1862]

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray’s letter. Disappointed with Gray. Comments on America. British–American relations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [10 Mar 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 20–2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3469

Matches: 28 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [10 March 1862] …
  • … 2; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [10 Mar 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] and n.  4). Hooker had repeated his promise …
  • … of Lythrum in the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 3 March 1862 . See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and …
  • … 14 March [1862] . The only …
  • … Monday between these dates fell on 10 March 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 , and letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See …
  • … letter from Francis Boott, 27 January 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  9, letter from Asa …
  • … 1861 (see letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] , n.  9). The bishop of Oxford, Samuel …
  • … letter from Charles Kingsley, 31 January 1862 ). The reference is to High and Low Church …
  • … in the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] . Daniel Oliver had delivered a lecture …
  • … Institution of Great Britain on 7 March 1862 (Oliver 1862a). In an article published in …
  • … Medical Service, held at Chelsea Hospital in March 1862. Hooker served for many years as a …
  • … on natural history, held on 11 March 1862 ( Statistical, Sanitary, and Medical Reports …
  • … 1860, p.  488). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 7 March [1862] and n.  10. Bates 1863 . …
  • … s letter to H.  W.  Bates of 2 February 1862, see the enclosure to the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] . Bates displayed his collection of …
  • … butterflies to the Linnean Society on 16 January 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the …
  • … Linnean Society of London (Botany) 6 (1862): lviii). His paper on the butterflies (Bates  …
  • … in the society’s Transactions in November 1862 (see Raphael 1970 , p.  76). Origin , p.   …
  • … Hooker, in his reply to Bates of 18 March 1862, informed him that Bentham had not kept a …
  • … reported in his letter to Bates of 2 February 1862 that he had long denied ‘that tropical …
  • … covering’ (see the enclosure to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] ). In …
  • … his reply to Bates of 18 March 1862, Hooker stated: ‘I do not think I have anywhere …
  • … see letter from H.  W.  Bates, 6 January 1862  and nn.  5–7). Hooker apparently enclosed a …

From J. D. Hooker   9 June 1862

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Summary

Oliver has written able paper on dimorphism for Natural History Review [n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43].

CD’s account of Viola is novel and interesting.

Has finished Cameroon mountain plants.

Jury work at exhibition.

Domestic problems – wife is ill, no cook, etc.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 40–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3593

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   9 June 1862
  • … DAR 101: 40–1 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 9 June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Darwin, who was in Southampton (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] and n.  5). …
  • … for Natural History Review [n.s. 2 (1862): 235–43]. CD’s account of Viola is novel and …
  • … Oliver] 1862c. See letter from Daniel Oliver, 10 April 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] . Hooker had been preparing a list of the plants collected in …
  • … Cameroon mountains by Gustav Mann (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and nn.   …
  • … 3 and 5, and [29 May 1862] and n.  4); he read a paper entitled ‘On …
  • … before the Linnean Society of London on 5 June 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the …
  • … in tropical areas (see letter to J.  D.   Hooker, 9 May [1862] and n.  6). See letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, [29 May 1862] and n.  6. Frances Harriet Hooker. The Hookers’ home …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] ). CD appears to have sent the letter to Emma …
  • … Linnean Society of London (Botany) 6 (1862): cvi). The paper was not published in the …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 February 1862?]

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Summary

Box of Melastomataceae has arrived.

Talked with [Duke of] Argyll about Origin. He is between stools: Owen and Lyell.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Feb 1862?]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 13
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3455

Matches: 6 hits

  • … s reaction to Origin at this time (see letter from Charles Kingsley, 31 January  1862 ). …
  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [26 February 1862? ] …
  • … DAR 101: 13 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [26 Feb 1862? ] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 27 February 1862 ; the preceding Wednesday was 26 February. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [8 February 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . The references are to George Douglas Campbell (the eighth …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 December 1862]

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Summary

JDH’s impression on meeting [J. A.] Froud[e].

CD’s projected three volume work.

Complains at poor state of some [unspecified] plant collection.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 96–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3890

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 96–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [31 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] (see nn.  3 and 4, below), and by the …
  • … Grenville Milnes Gaskell on 30 December 1862 (see Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.  14 (1863): …
  • … 231). Hooker refers to a review, published in the Parthenon , 27 December 1862, pp.  1102– …
  • … 3, of part 1 of Bentham and Hooker 1862–83 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). The reviewer criticised the authors for having neglected …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. Taxonomic literature : …
  • … 28 January [1860] ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] and n.  5. Hooker refers to a critique of …
  • … s review of Orchids ( [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 ), published in the Saturday Review by …
  • … CD’s nephew, Henry Parker ( [Parker] 1862 ). CD had sent Hooker his copy of the critique …

From J. D. Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862]

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Summary

Wrote a "frightful screed" about aristocracy’s being a necessary consequence of natural selection, and then burnt it.

H. W. Bates is the only man "thinking out" natural selection to any purpose. "I think I have driven Bates back to Nat. Sel. as the only way of solving his difficulties."

HWB’s mimetic butterflies.

JDH wishes he had time to do the same thing with plants.

Owen and Huxley involved in a "contemptible" squabble in the Edinburgh newspapers.

Maximovitch reports Stellaria bulbifera is a Siberian form which never ripens its seeds.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 14; DAR 111: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3430

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [31 January – 8 February 1862] …
  • … 14; DAR 111: 93 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [31 Jan – 8 Feb 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Forms of flowers , p.  310, and OED ). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] (see n.   …
  • … 9, below) and 9 February [1862]. Hooker and CD had light-heartedly discussed the …
  • … aristocracy (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter to J.  D.   …
  • … Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ). CD had offered Henry Walter Bates financial …
  • … In his letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 January [1862] , CD requested information concerning a …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 February [1862] . Maximowicz 1859, p.  58; see also Bentham  …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] ). The plates published with Bates 1862a …
  • … W.  Robinson ( Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 23 (1862): tabs.  55 and 56). …
  • … Bates initiated a flourishing correspondence in 1862, which is partly reproduced in Edward …
  • … about natural selection on 2 February 1862 (see ibid. , pp. l–liii, and the enclosure …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [23 March 1862] ). Many of the extant letters between Bates …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] , CD confessed shame at the ‘demoniacal’ …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 16 January and 6 February 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings …
  • … of the Linnean Society 6 (1862): lvii, lix). See n.  9, below. …
  • … See letter from T.  H.  Huxley, 20 January 1862 , and letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 February [1862] . This note is on the verso of the last page of the letter. …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In March 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn wrote to Darwin stating his intention to prepare a …
  • … edition (see letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Since the publication of the …
  • … of importance’ (see letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). Darwin had sent Bronn some of these …
  • … in the new edition; in his letter to Bronn of 25 April [1862 ], he mentioned that he was sending …
  • … from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). (No American edition incorporating …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …
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