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From Asa Gray   17 November 1862

Summary

Flower structure of Cypripedium insigne.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 123
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3811

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   17 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 123 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 17 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … with his letter to CD of 27 October 1862; CD considered the plant likely to be trimorphic. …
  • … see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). At CD’s request, Gray had …
  • … the Union’s army of the Potomac on 7 November 1862 ( McPherson 1988 , pp.  562 and 570). …
  • … example, letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [ 1862] and n.  16). C.  insigne , which is not a …

From Asa Gray   22–30 March 1863

Summary

Discusses the Duke of Argyll’s article on the supernatural [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Has heard that the Incas married their sisters; this may be worth investigating as a case of inbreeding.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22–30 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 131
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4056

Matches: 10 hits

  • … on the supernatural [ Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. Has heard that the Incas married …
  • … 1860–2): 495–566. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … In October 1862, George Douglas Campbell, eighth duke of Argyll, published an anonymous …
  • … with five books on miracles and the supernatural ( [Campbell] 1862 ). CD told Gray …
  • … of the review in his letter of 23 November [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10), saying that …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … of a divine designer. In [Campbell] 1862 , p.  388, Campbell stated that the ‘various …
  • … as ‘contrivance’ and ‘purpose’ ( [Campbell] 1862 , pp.  292–3), Campbell commented: ‘It is …
  • … nose’ for ‘proboscis’ (see [Campbell] 1862 , pp.  394–5, and Orchids , pp.  179–203). The …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] . CD did not refer to Prescott’s observation in …

From Asa Gray   26 May 1863

Summary

Discusses recent correspondence in the Athenæum: the disagreement between Lyell and Hugh Falconer and Owen’s remarks on heterogeny [see 4110].

Briefly discusses orchids and some problems in phyllotaxy.

Mentions the political situation and the quarrelsome behaviour of the English.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4186

Matches: 10 hits

  • … 1198–9. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … Richard Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862  in the Athenæum , 28 March 1863, pp.   …
  • … to Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862 (see n.  3, above). The references are to …
  • … that appeared in the Atlantic Monthly in 1862 and 1863; the articles, which continued into …
  • … species of the orchid genus Cypripedium in December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 9 December 1862 ). There are notes on C.  acaule ‘sent by Asa …
  • … 428). See also Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and 26[–7] November [1862]. In the letter to Asa Gray, 20 April [1863] , CD informed …
  • … Gymnadenia tridentata on several occasions in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10), and Gray …

From Asa Gray   19 June 1874

Summary

Writes of his article in Nature. Corrects some errors that have appeared in the published version.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1874
Classmark:  DAR 165: 186
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9501

Matches: 4 hits

  • … hitting it. — striking wild instead. ! **See vol. XXXIV n.  ser, Nov.  1862, p.  428, 429, …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … teleology with morphology in A.  Gray 1862, which was published in the American Journal of …
  • … s Journal’ after its founder, Benjamin Silliman. The reference is to A.  Gray 1862. …

From Asa Gray   27 January 1863

Summary

Discusses the ill-will between England and U. S.

Considers the bases for deciding which plant species are "high" and which "low".

Comments on Alphonse de Candolle’s paper on oaks ["Étude sur l’espèce", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.) 4th ser. 18 (1862): 59–110].

Encloses S. H. Scudder’s letter on Lepidoptera and fertilisation of orchids which identifies a butterfly with Platanthera pollinia adhering to it. Jokingly applies natural selection to butterflies acted on by orchid pollinia.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Jan 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 129, 130
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3950

Matches: 6 hits

  • … refers to his letter to CD of 29 December 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Gray enclosed …
  • … Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot. ) 4th ser. 18 (1862): 59–110]. Encloses S. H. Scudder’s letter on …
  • … Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Scudder, Samuel Hubbard. 1889. The butterflies …
  • … butterfly with orchid pollinia attached, on 29 December 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). Scudder published his description of …
  • … vol.  10, letter from Asa Gray, 29 December 1862 ). CD discussed movements of the pollinia …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   6 July 1863

Summary

Includes comments about George Bentham’s anniversary address to the Linnean Society with particular notice of the favourable attention to Darwin, except for Natural Selection, and to AG’s essay in the Atlantic Monthly.

He defends [W. B.] Carpenter and [Jeffries] Wyman against [Richard] Owen.

Gossip about scientific honours and other matters.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  6 July 1863
Classmark:  Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray correspondence: 328–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4232F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 16: 5–98. [Vols. 10,11] Wyman, Jeffries. 1862. Experiments on the formation of Infusoria …
  • … Stewart. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … Richard Owen’s anonymous review of Carpenter 1862  in the Athenæum , 28 March 1863, pp.   …
  • … Gray’s colleague at Harvard University, who in 1862 began a series of experiments which …
  • … those of Louis Pasteur, although with different results ( Wyman 1862 ; see DSB ). Bentham …
  • … that Pasteur’s results ( Pasteur 1861  and 1862) seemed to refute completely ‘the idea of …
  • … for his work on spontaneous generation in 1862 (see Farley 1977 ). Wyman subsequently …

From Asa Gray   31 December 1861

Summary

Discusses dimorphism and suggests CD investigate Valeriana.

Praises CD’s views with respect to the U. S. Civil War and relations with England. Worsening relations between Britain and U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Dec 1861
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 65, DAR 165: 104–105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3354

Matches: 6 hits

  • … CD sent Gray sheets of the first half of Orchids in April 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). The book was published shortly afterwards, and CD …
  • … Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser.  34 (1862): 138–44. In 1859, James Dwight Dana …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Seemann, …
  • … Berthold Carl. 1862. Viti: an account of a government mission to the Vitian or Fijian …
  • … an expedition to the Fiji Islands ( Seemann 1862 , p.  416). This view of Union intentions …

From Asa Gray   11 April 1863

Summary

The war is nearly finished, "rebeldom is ""gone up"" ".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 132
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4081

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 10, letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] . Gray and Joseph Dalton Hooker, for example, …
  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [14 December 1862] , and this volume, letter from J.  D.   …

From Asa Gray   7 July 1863

Summary

Has extracted CD’s Linum paper [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 36 (1863): 279–84].

Elaborate co-adaptations of orchids and insects demonstrate against "chance blows", whether few, as Oswald Heer would have, or many and slight as CD proposes.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 127, 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4234

Matches: 2 hits

  • … See also Correspondence vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  27. …
  • … Collected papers 2: 145). In the summer of 1862, Gray observed that Gymnadenia tridentata …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1863

Summary

Gives some observations on Drosera.

Comments on Richard Owen’s "transmutation theory" in his aye-aye paper [Trans. Zool. Soc. Lond. 5 (1866): 33–101].

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 128, 138
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4248

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 1863  and n.  10. The reference is to Wyman 1862 (see Bentham 1863 , pp.  xxv–xxvii). See …
  • … emancipation proclamation of 22 September 1862, which announced that from 1 January 1863  …
  • … London: Benjamin Motte. Wyman, Jeffries. 1862. Experiments on the formation of Infusoria …
  • … dimorphic species Houstonia caerulea in 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). The reference …

From Asa Gray   20 April 1863

Summary

AG’s opinion of Lyell’s Antiquity of man.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4112

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of species and the origin of languages in his letters to CD of 4 and 13 October 1862 and …
  • … 24 November 1862 ( Correspondence vol.  10). Gray and CD had long debated the existence of …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862  and n.  3). Gray’s review of A.  de Candolle  …

From Asa Gray   5 December 1864

Summary

Congratulates CD on the Copley Medal.

Is making inquiries on the habits of American cuckoos and sends a letter from Henry Bryant on that subject.

Discusses the Civil War.

Encloses letter from W. H. Leggett containing observations on Amphicarpaea.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1864
Classmark:  DAR 109: A87; DAR 165: 145
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4699

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1859. Rowell, G. A. 1862. An essay on the beneficent distribution of …
  • … have arisen out of natural selection ( Rowell 1862 , pp.  55–61). CD first described the …
  • … s description of the European cuckoo ( Rowell 1862 , pp.  57–60). According to Rowell’s …

From Asa Gray   23 November 1863

Summary

CD’s poor health.

Agassiz’s attempt to do away with Darwinism.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Nov 1863
Classmark:  DAR 165: 141
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4346

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Britain was at peace was in question during 1862 and 1863, particularly after depredations …
  • … 10, letter from Francis Boott, 26 December 1862  and n.  7, and n.  7, above). During the …
  • … that appeared in the Atlantic Monthly in 1862  and 1863 (see letter from Asa Gray, 26 May  …

From Asa Gray to J. D. Hooker   [after 6 July 1867]

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Summary

Sends W. M. Canby’s observations on the carnivorous powers of Dionaea. [See Insectivorous plants, pp. 301, 310, 313.]

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 6 July 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 58.1: 16–17
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5580

Matches: 2 hits

  • … plant genus, Drosera , between 1860 and 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  8–10). He decided …
  • … letter to Edward Cresy, 15 September [1862] ); he published Insectivorous plants in 1875. …

From Asa Gray   15 and 17 May 1865

Summary

Reports Lincoln’s murder.

The end of Civil War is in sight.

Must look at dimorphism in Plantago.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 17 May 1865
Classmark:  DAR 165: 147
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4833

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: On the …
  • … in September 1861, and the Alabama affair in 1862 and 1863 (see Correspondence vol.  9, …

From Asa Gray   1 September 1863

Summary

Sees difficulties in adhering to the concept of design in nature.

Is surprised at Hooker’s and Daniel Oliver’s ignorance regarding spontaneous movements of tendrils.

CD should continue his work on climbing plants, "it will be fruitful in your hands".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept 1863
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 108; DAR 165: 139, 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4288

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Harvard University. Loring, Charles Greely. 1862. Correspondence on the present relations …
  • … the United States of America ( Loring 1862 ; see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] ). …

From Asa Gray   6 November 1865

Summary

Discusses "Climbing plants" and his own abstract of it.

CD should publish results of self-fertilising dimorphic plants.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Nov 1865
Classmark:  DAR 165: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4930

Matches: 2 hits

  • … circulated to Cabinet ministers on 13 October 1862, Russell criticised the decree for ‘ …
  • … US president, Abraham Lincoln, on 22 September 1862, which gave freedom, effective from 1  …

From Asa Gray   7 August 1866

Summary

Appleton’s will not print a new edition of Origin.

AG has read sheets of new English edition [4th] and is much pleased by the passage on Richard Owen in the historical sketch.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Aug 1866
Classmark:  DAR 165: 153
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5184

Matches: 2 hits

  • … theory of spontaneous generation (see Wyman 1862 and 1867). Gray had previously defended …
  • … and Co. [and others]. Wyman, Jeffries. 1862. Experiments on the formation of Infusoria in …

From Asa Gray   5 December 1876

Summary

Dimorphism and cleistogamy in Hottonia.

AG wants new, unambiguous term for what is now referred to as "dimorphism", "dioecio-dimorphism", or "heterostyly"; proposes "heterogone".

Sends an excerpt from Bulletin of Torrey Botanical Club 2 (June 1871) on Hottonia inflata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec 1876
Classmark:  DAR 165: 192, DAR 111: A92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-10699

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Forms of …

From Asa Gray   22 May 1855

Summary

Has filled up CD’s paper [see 1674].

Distribution and relationships of alpine flora in U. S.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 May 1855
Classmark:  DAR 106: D1–D2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1685

Matches: 1 hit

  • … part of volume two. J.  D. Hooker 1857 and 1862. See letter to Asa Gray, 25 April [1855] . …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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