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From Asa Gray   22 September 1862

Summary

Last chapter of Orchids opens up a "knotty sort of question about accident or design".

Changes in orchid flowers as they age.

Thinks CD may find trimorphism in Nesaea verticillata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 118, 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3736

Matches: 33 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   22 September 1862
  • … DAR 165: 118, 119 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 22 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [ 3–]4 September [1862] and nn.  14  …
  • … and 15. D[icey] 1862 ; the reference is to the American Civil War. Two proclamations …
  • … the first in April 1861 and the second in July 1862 ( McPherson 1988 , pp.  274 and 491). …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. D[icey], E[dward]. 1862. The outlook of the …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Sept.  22, 1862. My Dear Darwin. Your pleasant epistles of …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Letters to Asa Gray, 21 August [1862] and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862]. In his …
  • … letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862], CD reported that Emma and Leonard Darwin were …
  • … from attacks of scarlet fever. In the summer of 1862, Gray sent a number of North American …
  • … apparently enclosed with CD’s letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862] (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  4). Horace …
  • … 147 ( Collected papers 2: 144). See letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and n.  11. …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862]. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 . See …
  • … war. Daily News , 4 September 1862, p. 3. …
  • … and reprinted from Macmillan’s Magazine 6 (1862): 408–20. DAB : Dictionary of American …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] . Joseph Trimble Rothrock was Gray’s assistant …
  • … he enlisted in the 131st Pennsylvania Infantry on 1 July 1862 ( DAB ). Gray told …
  • … CD this news in his letter of 5 September 1862. …
  • … In the summer of 1862, Rothrock carried out experiments and observations on CD’s behalf …
  • … caerulea (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 ). Rothrock was eventually wounded at …
  • … of dimorphism that appeared in the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … example, the letter to Asa Gray, 21 August [1862] and n.  10. Gray’s review of Orchids ( …
  • … noting: ‘It bears on design’ (see letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 21, and 21 August [1862] and n.  15). In the follow-up article to his review of Orchids ( …
  • … on American species of orchids in the summer of 1862, sending several sets of notes to CD, …
  • … In his letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862], CD expressed pleasure at Gray’s intention …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  7. In A.  Gray 1862b, p.  426, Gray …

From Asa Gray   15 July [1862]

Summary

Observations on Platanthera.

Possibility of trimorphism in Mertensia.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 116, DAR 165: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3659

Matches: 29 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   15 July [1862] …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 116, DAR 165: 113 Asa Gray unstated 15 July [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see also letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  18). The note is on the verso of the …
  • … the relationship to the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] . The letter from Gray to which …
  • … postscript (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 ) has not been found; it was apparently …
  • … with the letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . Some indication of its content is conveyed …
  • … by CD’s annotations, and by his reply ( letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] ). …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862]. In …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , CD complained that he had felt ‘baddish for 2 or …
  • … letters from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 and …
  • … 4 August 1862. See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862  and n.  6. Gray had evidently enclosed a copy of …
  • … review of Orchids (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  3). Although the review is listed in the List of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … weeks’. In the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , CD acknowledged receipt of Gray’s notes …
  • … sent with the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , have not been found; however, see CD’s …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and n.  23. Gray refers to George Howard …
  • … maculata and Herminium monorchis (see letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and nn.  8–9). …
  • … In the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , Gray had promised to send Joseph Trimble …
  • … plant, Houstonia , when completed. See also letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and n.  14. ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’ , pp.  95– …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . The paper on which the enclosure is written is …
  • … In the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , Gray expressed a hope that he would be able …
  • … Beverly, Massachusetts, beginning on 10 July 1862; he apparently enclosed such specimens …
  • … with this letter (see CD’s annotations, and the letters to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and …
  • … 9 August [1862]). Gray sent CD observations on the pollen …
  • … and stigmas of Houstonia in the letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . See also …

From Asa Gray   29 December 1862

Summary

Encloses maize seeds.

Has heard of a butterfly with pollinia of Platanthera stuck to it.

Comments on AG’s notes ["Dimorphism in the genitalia of flowers", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 149–50].

"Precocious fertilisation".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 109: 85, DAR 165: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3882

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   29 December 1862
  • … DAR 109: 85, DAR 165: 126 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 29 Dec 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker and Daniel Oliver (see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20–2). …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.   …
  • … 12, and 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  35. See n.  12, above. …
  • … genitalia of flowers", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 149–50]. "Precocious fertilisation". …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent North American postage stamps for Leonard Darwin’ …
  • … to CD’s request for specimens (see letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). Gray refers to Louis Agassiz, professor of natural history …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Dec.  29, 1862 My Dear Darwin A happy New Year to you and …
  • … humour’. C.  K.  Sprengel 1793 . See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  9. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  10, and A.  Gray 1862e, p.   …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 26[– 7] November [1862] and n.  12. CD enclosed this letter with …
  • … 15 January 1863] ). See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  18 and 19. …
  • … January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). Letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862]. [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ; see letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.  7. Gray refers to a review of Max Müller 1861  in …
  • … s Magazine ([J.  Wedgwood and F.  J.  Wedgwood] 1862), which CD had recommended to him ( …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.  8). …
  • … his letter to Gray of 26[–7] November [1862], CD had expressed a fear that his extensive …

From Asa Gray   10 November 1862

Summary

AG has Cypripedium to send to CD.

Civil War and English feelings.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3799

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 122 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 10 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD’s queries about maize, included in his letter of 16 October [1862] (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). This is a note to Hooker, to whom CD sent this letter ( …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] ). …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge, Mass Nov.  10, 1862 Dear Darwin Here is a new stamp for L.  D. —tho’ not …
  • … most wanted for his collection (see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). …
  • … Gray refers to the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science and Arts , …
  • … time ). In his letter to CD of 5 September 1862, Gray promised to send live roots of three …
  • … also letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862  and n.  3). Joseph Dalton Hooker was assistant …
  • … director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862]. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  5. Joseph Trimble Rothrock had been Gray’ …
  • … School, Harvard University, until he enlisted in the Union army in July 1862 ( DAB ). …
  • … In his letter of 4 August 1862, Gray sent CD an abstract of Rothrock’s notes from his …
  • … Houstonia caerulea , carried out in the summer of 1862 at CD’s request. For Gray’s opinion …
  • … of Rothrock’s work, see also the letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862 . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 16  October [1862] . The reference is to Charles Mackay. …
  • … Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  16. Manchester was the centre of …
  • … Europe; supply reached its lowest level in 1862. In July, the Economist reported that the …
  • … be ‘very near at hand’ ( Economist , 5 July 1862, p.  729). For accounts of the Lancashire …
  • … see Arnold 1864  and Longmate 1978 . See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] . In …
  • … his letter to Gray of 16 October [1862], CD commented that the American Civil War had …

From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants and the occurrence of "precocious fertilisation" in the bud.

Gives some comments on design in nature in the light of the translator’s commentary in the French edition of the Origin.

Reports the recent events of the Civil War.

[Note on verso of envelope:] Utricularia vulgaris is "about as neatly contrived for cross-fertilisation by insects as almost any orchid".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2-3 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3637

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a Asa Gray unstated 2-3 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. ] July 2, 1862. My dear Darwin. Many thanks for your long and interesting …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862]. Gray refers to Leonard Darwin. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD requested Gray’s assistance in procuring …
  • … pleasure’ in Gray’s letters (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] ). It is evident from CD’s …
  • … of the country stopped for years to come’ ( Spectator , 7 June 1862). The Internal …
  • … Revenue Act was passed on 1 July 1862. The legislation introduced taxes on alcohol and …
  • … peninsula campaign between 25 June and 1 July 1862, which claimed 30,000 casualties. The …
  • … Oxford University Press. Meehan, Thomas. 1862. On the uniformity of relative characters …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … letter ( letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ) that Gray had sent with it ‘a bundle of …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See also letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . Gray’s father-in-law, Charles Greely Loring, …
  • … 80). In the letter from Asa Gray, 6  March [1862] , Gray had agreed to assist CD with his …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] and n.  4. Gray had told CD that Mitchella …
  • … in the letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . Joseph Trimble Rothrock was one of Gray’s …
  • … recommended to CD in his letter of 6 March [1862]; Rothrock’s observations on Houstonia …
  • … caerulea are included in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . …
  • … Meehan 1862 . Thomas Meehan had sent CD a copy of his paper, which described …
  • … each other and under similar conditions (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . A summary of Meehan’s findings is given in …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD discussed the occurrence in several …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD asked Gray to observe the behaviour of …
  • … s observations on Specularia , see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . Royer …
  • … trans.  1862. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As president of the Linnean Society of …
  • … the society’s anniversary address on 24 May 1862 (Bentham 1862b). Bentham concluded that …
  • … 8). See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As Gray was over 50, he was too old for …

From Asa Gray   24 November 1862

Summary

Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   24 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 124 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 24 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris and Turin. Cairnes, John Elliot. 1862. The slave power: its character, career, & …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862]. …
  • … Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent Leonard Darwin North American postage stamps for …
  • … his collection. Max Müller 1861 . See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  3. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  7. …
  • … Gray refers to volume 1 of Colenso 1862–79 , and to the review …
  • … to the postscript, now missing, to his letter of 10 November 1862 (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Gray refers to the American botanist Francis Boott, who …
  • … Parker, Son, & Bourn. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Nov.  24, 1862. My Dear Darwin. As another peculiar stamp is …
  • … published in the Athenæum , 1 November  1862, pp.  553–4. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  15. Gray refers to the American Civil …
  • … was the author of The slave power ( Cairnes 1862 ), which made a great impression in both …
  • … in the American Civil War, a copy of one of which Gray had sent to CD earlier in 1862 ( …
  • … Mill 1862; see letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  8). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  8. James Fenimore Cooper. Cooperstown is …
  • … pp.  4–5). Jane Loring Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  9 and 10. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  17 and 21. CD’s annotated copy of the …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   4 August 1862
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 4 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862]. Leonard Darwin was suffering …
  • … from scarlet fever (see letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] 4 th . August, 1862 My Dear Darwin My pupil, Rothrock, now away …
  • … of the two forms in his letter of [2 June 1862], and subsequently promised to send further …
  • … Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). CD included Rothrock’s observations …
  • … fertilised if insects were excluded (see letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … See also letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and …
  • … 1 July [1862]. In …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to watch how the anthers and …
  • … in July (see letter from Asa Gray, 29 July 1862 ); for Gray’s further observations on the …
  • … species, see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . …
  • … 132, 254. In his letter to CD of 15 July [1862], Gray mentioned that Rothrock found only …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , CD asked Gray to help him in his …
  • … to do so in the summer (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ), but experienced difficulties in obtaining specimens (see …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Meanwhile, CD informed Gray that he was making a …
  • … from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to compare the position of the …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1862

Summary

Encloses stamps for Leonard Darwin.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3661

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   21 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 114 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 21 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge [Massachusetts] 21. July 1862. My Dear Darwin The enclosed I trust will please …
  • … agent (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). Orchids was offered for sale at a …
  • … retail price of 9 s. ( Publishers’ Circular 35 (1862): 247). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had told Gray that Leonard Darwin was …
  • … In his letter to Gray of 1 July [1862], CD complained that he had felt ‘baddish for 2 or …
  • … 3 weeks’. See letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . At Gray’s request, CD had arranged for John Murray to send …
  • … of Science and Arts (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters to …
  • … John Murray, 13 June [1862] and …
  • … 20 [June 1862]). Gray apparently wrote ‘1 st part’ in error; he had sent CD a copy of his …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . The illustrations were used in Gray’s …

From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862

Summary

Thinks Max Müller’s Lectures on the science of language [1861–4] will do a real service to CD and natural selection.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 and 13 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3752

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   4 and 13 October 1862
  • … DAR 165: 120 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 4 Oct 1862 13 …
  • … Oct 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and nn.  4 and 5. [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c. …
  • … anonymous review (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] , and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 7 November 1862 ). …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Oct.  4, 1862 My Dear Darwin I have just been reading Max …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Schrempp, Gregory. 1983. The re-education of …
  • … New Haven, Connecticut. In the summer of 1862, Gray had made numerous observations of the …
  • … to persuade him to publish them separately (see letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862], 1  …
  • … July [1862], 23[– …
  • … 4] July [1862], 28  …
  • … July [1862], and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862]). Gray refers to Leonard Darwin, who had been ill with scarlet fever …
  • … was apparently enclosed with the letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862] (see letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). …

From Asa Gray   [late June 1862]

Summary

Has not had time to look at Rhexia.

Progress of Civil War.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [late June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3631

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   [late June 1862] …
  • … DAR 165: 110 Asa Gray unstated [late June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bibliography Morell, John Daniel. 1862. An introduction to mental philosophy, on the …
  • … is established by Gray’s references to Morell 1862 (see n.  2, below), to his duties at …
  • … the genus Rhexia (see n.  4, below). Morell 1862 ; Gray had told CD that he had been given …
  • … of this book in his letter of 31 March [1862]. In May, Gray had told CD that he would be …
  • … with college duties until 10 July (see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 ). See also …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 . CD was investigating what he thought might be a …
  • … signs of this phenomenon (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] ; see also letters to …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and …
  • … 21 April [1862]). Gray had agreed to carry out …
  • … this task in the summer (see letter from Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ); in his letter …
  • … of 2–3 July 1862, he told CD that he would shortly ‘try to look up & bring home living …

From Asa Gray   18–19 August 1862

Summary

Notes and observations on orchids.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18–19 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 111, 116
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3688

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   18–19 August 1862
  • … DAR 165: 111, 116 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 18–19 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Aug.  18. 1862 My Dear Darwin The dawn of hope in yours of …
  • … s gradual recovery from scarlet fever (see letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]). At CD’s request, Gray had sent a number of stamps …
  • … for Leonard’s collection (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters from Asa …
  • … Gray, 2–3 July 1862, 15  …
  • … July [1862], and …
  • … 21 July 1862). See also …
  • … letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862]. Gray refers to the botanist and pharmacist, Elias Durand. Gray was Fisher …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … collaborator. In his letter to CD of 2–3 July 1862, Gray promised to obtain specimens of …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ). Platanthera blephariglottis and P.  ciliaris are …
  • … described in A.  Gray 1862b, p.  424. In the letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and …
  • … 28 July [1862], CD argued that Gray’s observations on American species of orchids were too …
  • … CD with the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] . Gray intended to include some of his …
  • … of the book (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). The plates arrived too late for …
  • … s review (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862  and nn.  3 and 4), but appeared in the …
  • … hyperborea with his letter of 2–3 July 1862; although the notes have not been found, it is …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] , that Gray had told him that the species …

From Asa Gray   5 September 1862

Summary

Suggests CD try to get Lythrum hyssopifolia from France.

Dimorphic flowers.

Differences between newly opened and older orchids.

Flowers of Spiranthes and Goodyera.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 111: 81, DAR 165: 117
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3712

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   5 September 1862
  • … DAR 111: 81, DAR 165: 117 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 5 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Sept.  5. 1862 My Dear Darwin Thanks for yours of Aug.  9. …
  • … collaborator, John Torrey (see letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  5). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862  and n.  10. Gray included his observations on …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862]. CD was working on trimorphism in Lythrum salicaria , …
  • … specimens of the rare L.  hyssopifolia (see letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). In …
  • … his letter to Gray of 9 August [1862], CD commented that he expected Nesaea verticillata , …
  • … Mitchella in his letter to Gray of 9 August [1862]. CD had been impressed with Asa Gray’s …
  • … on American species of Cypripedium (see letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] ). See …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and n.  4. Gray had asked CD to arrange for six copies …
  • … letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). Joseph Trimble Rothrock was Gray’s assistant …
  • … observations on Houstonia caerula in his letter to CD of 4 August 1862. Rothrock enlisted …
  • … the 131st Pennsylvania Infantry on 1 July 1862 ( DAB ). Gray refers to Leonard Darwin, who …

From Asa Gray   9 December 1862

Summary

Has forwarded Mitchella roots and Cypripedium.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3850

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From Asa Gray    9 December 1862
  • … DAR 165: 125 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 9 Dec 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 27 October 1862). See …
  • … also letter to James Anderson, 23 December [1862] . …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Dec.  9, 1862. My dear Darwin This is to let you know that
  • … Joseph Dalton Hooker, dated 8 December 1862 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Asa Gray Letters: …
  • … of the orchid genus Cypripedium (see letters from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862, 4 and …
  • … 13 October 1862, and …

From Asa Gray   31 March [1862]

Summary

Has been reading J. D. Morell’s new book on psychology [An introduction to mental philosophy, on the inductive method (1862)].

Progress of the Civil War.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  31 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 108
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3489

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   31 March [1862] …
  • … DAR 165: 108 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 31 Mar [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … to mental philosophy, on the inductive method (1862)]. Progress of the Civil War. …
  • … of Harvard University. Morell, John Daniel. 1862. An introduction to mental philosophy, on …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] March 31. | 1862 My Dear Darwin Yours of the 15 came …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862]. Asa Gray was Fisher Professor of natural history at …
  • … at the Lawrence Scientific School ( Dupree 1959 ). Francis Boott. Morell 1862 . See …
  • … also letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] . Nicholas Trübner. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and n.  3. Gray had arranged for the New York …
  • … and Fields, the publishers of A.  Gray 1861. See letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] . …

From Asa Gray   27 October 1862

Summary

Sends Nesaea seeds for CD

and stamps for Leonard Darwin.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 121
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3785

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   27 October 1862
  • … DAR 165: 121 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 27 Oct 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] 27 Oct.  1862. My Dear Darwin This heavy mail for you is merely …
  • … he wanted for his collection (see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). CD …
  • … in his letter to Gray of 9 August [1862]. James Anderson was captain of the Cunard line’s …
  • … also letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and nn.  4 and 5. Gray refers to the follow- …
  • … Benjamin Silliman). See also letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862  and n.  4. …
  • … On 22 September 1862, Abraham Lincoln issued a preliminary emancipation proclamation, …
  • … would be freed ( McPherson 1988 , p.  557). See letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] . …

From Asa Gray   18 May 1862

Summary

Has received first sheets of Orchids and is very impressed. "What a skill & genius you have for these researches."

Details of U. S. orchids.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 May 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 109
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3559

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   18 May 1862
  • … DAR 165: 109 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 18 May 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.  2. …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . Gray’s name also appears on CD’s presentation …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … 9); in his letter to Gray of 21 April [1862], he asked for further copies to give away. …
  • … Ticknor and James Thomas Fields. See letter from Asa Gray, 31 March [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and nn.  11 and 13. …
  • … See also letter to John Murray, 13 June [1862] and n.  6. The London publisher Nicholas …
  • … Gray probably refers to CD’s letter of 15 March [1862]; although Gray notes its receipt in …
  • … his letter to CD of 31 March [1862], CD had asked Gray to carry out some observations on …

From Asa Gray   29 July 1862

Summary

Is observing Gymnadenia tridentata.

Has received six copies of Orchids.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3670

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   29 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 115 Asa Gray Providence, R.I. 29 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Providence R.I. July 29, 1862 My Dear Darwin. No more news in the Orchis line. I am making …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Gray’s observations on this species, see the letters from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 and 18– …
  • … 19 August 1862. Gray had asked CD to arrange for six copies of Orchids to be sent to him …
  • … s London agent (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). CD had offered to pay …
  • … for these copies (see letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] ), but Gray declined CD’s offer in …
  • … the letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 . A.  Gray 1862a; the review appeared in the July …
  • … copy (see letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  16). Gray followed the review with …
  • … Richmond, Virginia, at the start of July 1862, Union policy ‘took a decisive turn toward …
  • … see also letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862  and n.  22). ‘Mrs Grundy’ is a character in …

From Asa Gray   18 February 1862

Summary

Discusses politics in the U. S. and relations between Britain and America.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Feb 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3451

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   18 February 1862
  • … DAR 165: 106 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 18 Feb 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Britain, in his letter to CD of 27 January 1862. The reference appears to be to the Roman …
  • … on the American Civil War, see the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] . …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. 18: Feb.  1862 Dear Darwin Accept a hasty line at this present, when I am …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] . For the disagreements between Gray and CD …
  • … joked in his letter to Gray of 22 January [1862] that his difference of opinion with Gray …
  • … for his action in the Trent affair (see letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] and n.  9). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] . Jane Loring Gray. …
  • … In his letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] , CD wrote that his political opinions might …

From Asa Gray   6 March [1862]

Summary

Will observe Rhexia for CD to see whether it is dimorphic.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  6 Mar [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 165: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3467

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   6 March [1862] …
  • … DAR 165: 107 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 6 Mar [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862]. For the extensive correspondence between CD and …
  • … year (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 ). Torrey and Gray 1838–43, 1: 476–7. Isaac …
  • … America following the Trent affair (Mill 1862); the article, first published in Fraser’s …
  • … Conway Felton, president of Harvard University, died on 26 February 1862 ( DAB ). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and n.  11. …
  • … Houstonia were sent to CD later in the year (see letters from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and …
  • … 4 August 1862, DAB , and Dupree 1959 , p.  326). An article published in the Saturday …

From Asa Gray   [2 June 1862]

Summary

Discusses heterostyly in Houstonia.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 66
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3588

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   [2 June 1862] …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 66 Asa Gray unstated [2 June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] Dupree, …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … of the letter is given by CD’s response in the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . …
  • … and crossing experiments on the two forms (see letters from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 and …
  • … 4 August 1862). CD mentioned the possibility that dimorphism might in some cases represent …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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