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From W. E. Darwin   5 August 1862

Summary

Has read CD’s long letter on Lythrum and agrees with it. Is examining the pollen of the different types.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 27.2 (ser. 2): 32 bis, DAR 162: 92
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3683

Matches: 19 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   5 August 1862
  • … 32 bis, DAR 162: 92 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 5 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Oxford: Clarendon Press. Trollope, Anthony. 1862. Orley Farm. 2 vols. London: Chapman and …
  • … also letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  7. William’s letter has not …
  • … in a letter to William of [9 August 1862] (DAR 219.1: 61). The diagrams in the enclosure …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and nn.  6 and 7. CD refers to Francis and …
  • … letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). CD had questioned William’s …
  • … the other two forms (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] ). The reference is to Lythrum hyssopifolia (see letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  9). See enclosure. …
  • … See letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  8. Orley …
  • … in monthly shilling parts between March 1861 and October  1862 ( J.  N.  Hall 1991 , …
  • … p.  560); it was published in book form in 1862 ( …
  • … Trollope 1862 ). The letter from Emma Darwin has not been found. Susan Elizabeth Darwin …
  • … with her (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] ). See also letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  3. Muddiford is near Bournemouth in Hampshire. …
  • … the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , asking William to inquire about ‘quiet sea …
  • … area for a holiday (see letter to H.  C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). In the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] , CD asked William to examine at least 100 plants of Lythrum …

From W. E. Darwin   [5 October 1862]

Summary

Has found Lythrum, and sends some. Wants to know what CD thinks of frog discussion between Sandars and James. Asks CD to send objects for microscope demonstration. Means to go see the London Exhibition again. Has finished reading Orley Farm and returns it.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [5 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 6)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789F

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [5 October 1862] …
  • … Papers (DAR 275: 6) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton [5 Oct 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter from W. E. Darwin, 9 October 1862 (this volume, Supplement), and by the …
  • … meeting in Cambridge from 1 to 8 October 1862. The Sunday in that week fell on 5 October. …
  • … on the exhibition in The Times , 6 October 1862, p. 10. Canada balsam is a resin of the …
  • … 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). CD wanted to know the number of seeds in …
  • … Science meeting, held from 1 to 8 October 1862 in Cambridge (see Correspondence vol. 10, …
  • … letter to J. D. Hooker, 21 [September 1862] ). A toad, allegedly released from a lump of …
  • … the International Exhibition held in London in 1862, and attracted much attention (‘Frogs …
  • … in coal’, The Times , 12 September 1862, p. 7). Some men of science …
  • … block of coal’, The Times , 16 September 1862, p. 7), but others maintained the veracity …
  • … battle of the frogs’, The Times , 24 September 1862, p. 7). No reports on the disagreement …
  • … Kensington, London, closed on 1 November 1862; it was not open to the general public every …
  • … the parts were also gathered together and published in two volumes (Trollope 1862). …
  • … See Publishers’ Circular , 1 October 1862, p. 449. The Darwins were reading the separate …
  • … letter from W. E. Darwin, 5 August 1862 ). Trollope’s character Felix Graham epitomised …

From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862]

Summary

Suggests sending plant specimens. Asks about visit of Emma and the boys.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 13)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585G

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [1 August 1862] …
  • … Family Papers (DAR 275: 13) William Erasmus Darwin [1 Aug 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship between this letter and the letters from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 and …
  • … 2 August [1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). This letter is probably a continuation …
  • … incomplete letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ( Correspondence vol. 10). William’s …
  • … 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). Francis and George Howard Darwin were going …
  • … George’s stay (letter from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [July 1862? ] (DAR 219.1: 47)). …
  • … In a letter to William of [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59), Emma Darwin reported that …
  • … from Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59)). However, they did not …
  • … letter from G. H. Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n. 3). By ‘MP’, William means ‘middle- …
  • … vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 1 August 1862 ). William was helping CD investigate the …

From W. E. Darwin   28 October 1862

Summary

Distances between Lythrum plants.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Oct 1862
Classmark:  DAR 162.1: 94
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3786

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   28 October 1862
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] . …
  • … DAR 162.1: 94 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 28 Oct 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Southampton Oct 28. 1862. My Dear Father, I managed to get over on Sunday to the Lythrum, …
  • … letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] ); he refers to the short-styled, mid-styled, …
  • … Bank, Southampton. The Atherleys’ daughter, Maud, died in October 1862 (see letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] ). See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  3. See letter …

From W. E. Darwin   14 June [1862]

Summary

WED’s travel plans; an insect he has observed on Orchis maculata.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 June [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3604F

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   14 June [1862] …
  • … DAR 275: 2) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 14 June [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to W. E. Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). Emma Darwin and …
  • … William in Southampton from 3 to 12 June 1862. Leonard Darwin, known as Pouts or Pouter in …
  • … Henrietta Emma Darwin. The Hampshire Advertiser , 31 May 1862, p. 3, reprinted the review …
  • … had appeared in the Athenæum , 24 May 1862, pp. 683–5. This was a critical review that …
  • … 10, letter to John Murray, 18 [June 1862] and n. 5). Although the Hampshire Advertiser …
  • … 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ). William had wanted to visit Joseph Dalton …
  • … time; see Correspondence vol. 10, letter from J. D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] , letter to W. …
  • … E. Darwin, [8 May 1862] , and letter to J. …
  • … D. Hooker, 9 May [1862] . The ball may have been associated with Godfrey Wedgwood’s …
  • … to Southampton. In a note dated 20 June 1862 (DAR 70: 13–14), CD recorded that William had …

From W. E. Darwin   11 October [1862]

Summary

Sends comments on Lythrum.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 8)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3756F

Matches: 11 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   11 October [1862] …
  • … Family Papers (DAR 275: 8) William Erasmus Darwin 11 Oct [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter from W. E. Darwin, 9 October 1862 (this volume, Supplement). William had told …
  • … letter from W. E. Darwin, 9 October 1862 ). Cowes is a resort on the Isle of Wight, about …
  • … end of October ( Athenæum , 20 September 1862, p. 374). William could not have gone to the …
  • … vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n. 7). George Atherley, William’s …
  • … Lord Palmerston (Henry John Temple), on Wednesday 15 October 1862 ( Hampshire Advertiser , …
  • … 18 October 1862, pp. 6–8). The following evening, there was …
  • … invited ( Hampshire Advertiser , 18 October 1862, supplement, p. 2). William appears to …
  • … International Exhibition opened in South Kensington, London on 1 May 1862 ( The Times , …
  • … 2 May 1862, pp. 11–12). It was due to close …

From W. E. Darwin   8 July [1862]

Summary

WED reports on studying the pollen of grass and Valerian through his microscope.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 July [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3644F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   8 July [1862] …
  • … Papers (DAR 275: 3) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 8 July [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). See Correspondence …
  • … vol. 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] , which mentioned that CD was better and …
  • … suggested that he wear a beard. In April 1862, Emma had reported that CD’s health was poor …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] ). Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …
  • … Leonard ‘went to Mrs Parslow’ on 19 June 1862 after contracting scarlet fever on 12 June. …
  • … Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [ c. 27 April 1862] (DAR 219.1: 54)). CD had suggested that …
  • … vol. 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] ). William’s botanical sketchbook ( …
  • … DAR 186: 43) contains a note dated 10 July 1862, describing pollen-masses and pollen-tubes …

From W. E. Darwin   14 July 1862

Summary

Sends observations on Valeriana officinalis.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  14 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 23, 41–2, 81–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3657

Matches: 9 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   14 July 1862
  • … 2): 23, 41–2, 81–2 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 14 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … from school with scarlet fever on 12 June 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)); he had …
  • … a relapse at the beginning of July (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 9 July [1862] ). …
  • … dimorphism (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 9 July [1862] ); his botanical notebook includes …
  • … a note dated 13 July 1862 stating that he had ‘got some Valerian to look at—’ (DAR 117: …
  • … of Erythraea centaurium , dated ‘July 1862’, in William’s botanical notebook (DAR 117: 16– …
  • … 31). On 13 July 1862, William recorded in his botanical notebook: ‘Looked at Lithrum , for …
  • … on ‘ Lysimachia vulgaris ’, dated 20 July 1862, in his botanical notebook (DAR 117: 2–11). …

From W. E. Darwin   June 1862

Summary

Found 27 flowers of Orchis latifolia and in 16 of them were dead flies of one particular kind.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  June 1862
Classmark:  DAR 162.1: 89
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3585

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   June 1862
  • … DAR 162.1: 89 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton June 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the German translation of Orchids (Bronn trans.   1862, p.  22 n. ; see the enclosure to …
  • … the letter to H.  G.  Bronn, 30 June [1862] ). He later published them in ‘Fertilization …
  • … Southampton June 1862 Found Orchis Latifolia with 27 flowers.  in 16 flowers a small fly ( …
  • … Following the publication of Orchids in May 1862, CD continued, with assistance from his …
  • … is a note in DAR 70: 13–14, dated 20 June 1862, which describes observations by CD’s sons …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …

From W. E. Darwin   1 August 1862

Summary

WED has been collecting Lythrum plants. Numerical proportions of the three forms.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 162: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3675

Matches: 7 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   1 August 1862
  • … DAR 162: 90 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 1 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 12–13. In the letter from W.   E.  Darwin, 5 August 1862 , William enclosed camera lucida …
  • … drawings, dated 1 August 1862, of the two sets of pollen grains from the long and short …
  • … in the letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] , CD described the crosses he planned to …
  • … salicaria. See also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 9 July [1862] . William’s observations …
  • … twenty-seven Lythrum plants, dated 26 July 1862, are detailed in his botanical notebook ( …

From W. E. Darwin   23 October [1862]

Summary

Sends observations on Lythrum. Reports bad health of Maud Atherley.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3777F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   23 October [1862] …
  • … Papers (DAR 275: 9) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 23 Oct [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … vol. 10, letter from W. E. Darwin, 21 October [1862] ). Mary Pratt ran a lodging house in …
  • … been reviewed in Saturday Review , 18 October 1862, p. 486. Probably Charles Patton Keele. …
  • … this letter and the letter from W. E. Darwin, 21 October [1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). …
  • … On 21 October 1862, Bartholomew James Sulivan, John Clements Wickham, and Arthur Mellersh …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Lubbock, 23 October [1862] ). See Correspondence vol. 10, letter …
  • … from W. E. Darwin, 21 October [1862] , in which he described the place in which the …

From W. E. Darwin   21 October [1862]

Summary

Effect on seed production of differences in distance between Lythrum plants.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 162.1: 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3777

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   21 October [1862] …
  • … DAR 162.1: 93 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 21 Oct [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the International Exhibition held in London in 1862 (see n.  6, below). CD had apparently …
  • … International Exhibition opened in South Kensington, London on 1 May 1862 ( The Times , …
  • … 2 May 1862, pp.  11–12). It was due to close …
  • … was kept open until the end of October ( Athenæum , 20 September 1862, p.  374). According …
  • … Darwin travelled to London on 16 October 1862 and visited the International Exhibition on …
  • … notebook (DAR 117: 50), dated 2 November 1862, recording his tally of seeds in one pod of …

From W. E. Darwin   2 August [1862]

Summary

Sends specimens of the three forms of Lythrum. Remarks on the numerical proportions of different forms.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 91
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3677

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W.  E.  Darwin   2 August [1862] …
  • … DAR 162: 91 William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 2 Aug [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 . There is a note, dated ‘Aug 3 d ’, recording CD’s observations …

From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862]

Summary

Discusses his new microscope.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 1)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3443F

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   12 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 275: 1) William Erasmus Darwin Bank, Southampton 12 Feb [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and the letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). The London …
  • … 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862]). For more on the stereoscopic microscope, …
  • … Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). The boys were probably …
  • … Emma Darwin has not been found. In January 1862, William had returned to Cambridge to sit …
  • … his letter to William of 14 February [1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10), CD suggested where …
  • … 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 14 February [1862] and n. 10). On 11 February 1876, he was …

From W. E. Darwin   [9? September 1862]

Summary

Asks for advice on where a local chemist can send his brother’s meteorological observations from Missouri.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [9? Sept 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 5)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3674G

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [9? September 1862] …
  • … DAR 275: 5) William Erasmus Darwin Bank [Southampton] [9? Sept 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter and the letter to W. E. Darwin, [10? September 1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10). …
  • … The Tuesday before 10 September 1862 was 9 September. George and Ellen Atherley. …

From W. E. Darwin   [2 November 1862]

Summary

Counted seeds by tens. Sends some.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [2 Nov 1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 10)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3362F

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   [2 November 1862] …
  • … William Erasmus Darwin 1 Carlton Terrace [Southampton] [2 Nov 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … the letter to W. E. Darwin, 4 [November 1862] ( Correspondence vol. 10); 2 November was …
  • … work (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, 30 [October 1862] and n. 13). …
  • … On 2 November 1862, William recorded in his Botanical notebook (DAR 117: 50) that he had …

From W. E. Darwin   9 October 1862

Summary

Discusses length of pistils, and measuring seeds and pods for botanical work.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Oct 1862
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3754F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin   9 October 1862
  • … Papers (DAR 275: 7) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 9 Oct 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 10, letter to W. E. Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] ). William had sent the pods in separate …
  • … letter from W. E. Darwin, [5 October 1862] ), but reversed CD’s method for labelling the …

From W. E. Darwin to Emma Darwin   8 August [1862]

Summary

WED thinks Bournemouth a suitable holiday destination for ED and CD.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  8 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 4)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3674F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … From W. E. Darwin to Emma Darwin   8 August [1862] …
  • … DAR 275: 4) William Erasmus Darwin Southampton 8 Aug [1862] Emma Wedgwood/Emma Darwin …

From W. E. Darwin   12 March [1863]

Summary

Discusses partnership in bank and whether Atherley would like to retire.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  Cornford Family Papers (DAR 275: 14)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4035F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … E. Darwin, 30 [October 1862] and n. 4). …
  • … of his daughter Maud Elizabeth in October 1862 (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to W. …

From William Erasmus Darwin to Emma Darwin   28 February [1868]

Summary

Crying in babies.

Author:  William Erasmus Darwin
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  28 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 162: 86
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5952

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Charles Wheatstone. There is a copy of Naudin 1862  in the Darwin Library–CUL, and several …
  • … Conn. : Archon Books, Shoe String Press. Naudin, Charles Victor. 1862. Cucurbitacées …
  • … cultivées au Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle en 1862. Description d’espèces nouvelles et de …
Document type
letter (31)
Author
Darwin, W. E.[X]
Correspondent
Date
1861 (1)
1862 (18)
1863 (4)
1864 (2)
1866 (2)
1868 (1)
1869 (1)
1875 (1)
1877 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In March 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn wrote to Darwin stating his intention to prepare a …
  • … edition (see letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Since the publication of the …
  • … of importance’ (see letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). Darwin had sent Bronn some of these …
  • … in the new edition; in his letter to Bronn of 25 April [1862 ], he mentioned that he was sending …
  • … from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). (No American edition incorporating …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …
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