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To Charles Lyell   14 October [1862]

Summary

Further comments on Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy; paper by Jamieson dealing with glaciation in Scotland ["On the ice-worn rocks of Scotland", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 164–84].

Comments on paper by A. C. Ramsay on the glacial formation of lakes ["On the glacial origin of certain lakes", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 185–204].

Criticises remarks by John Tyndall on glacial formation of Swiss valleys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.267), Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen. 112/2840–3)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3761

Matches: 24 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   14 October [1862] …
  • … of certain lakes", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 185–204]. Criticises remarks by John …
  • … Gen. 112/2840–3) Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Oct [1862] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … of Scotland", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 18 (1862): 164–84]. Comments on paper by A. C. Ramsay …
  • … established by the reference to Jamieson 1862 (see n.  6, below). See enclosure. No letter …
  • … CD visited him in London on 30 September 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … of Science 5 (1974–5): 97–185. Tyndall, John. 1862. On the conformation of the Alps. The …
  • … Enclosure] Ellon, Aberdeen sh . 15, Aug.  1862 My Dear Sir Charles, I have been again at …
  • … Glen Roy, see Rudwick 1974 . Jamieson 1862 . In Chambers 1853  and 1861, Robert Chambers …
  • … CUL. Lyell’s letter discussing Ramsay 1862 has not been found. Lyell was highly critical …
  • … Ramsay in his letter of 5 September [1862] that, so far as he could judge, the theory ‘ …
  • … possibly wholly’. See letter from A.  C.  Ramsay, 26 August 1862 , and letter to A.   …
  • … C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] . John Tyndall was …
  • … a supporter of Ramsay’s theory; in Tyndall 1862 , he argued that the extent of glacial …
  • … letter to A.  C.  Ramsay, 5 September [1862] and nn.  8 and 9). Erasmus, Adagia , 1.4.16. …
  • … Appendix II), he began work on 7 October 1862 on the section of Variation dealing with ‘ …
  • … directly with his second visit to Glen Roy in August 1862 (see the letters from T.  F. …
  • … Jamieson to Charles Lyell, 27 August 1862, 29  …
  • … August 1862, 24  …
  • … September 1862, 29  …
  • … September 1862, 7  …
  • … October 1862, and …
  • … 8 October 1862, all of which are in Edinburgh University Library, Gen.  112: 2844–58). In …
  • … also letter from Charles Lyell, 20 August 1862 . The modern spelling of this feature is ‘ …

To Charles Lyell   22 August [1862]

Summary

Relates personal news about family members.

CD is "glad Glen Roy is settled".

Mentions evolutionary remarks on birds by Owen.

Compares variability among lower and higher organisms. Comments on Hooker’s view of the subject.

Forthcoming publication of Huxley’s book [Evidence as to man’s place in nature (1863)] and Lyell’s [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Aug [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.281)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3695

Matches: 18 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   22 August [1862] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.281) Charles Robert Darwin Southampton 22 Aug [1862] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … with the letter from Charles Lyell, 20 August 1862 , has not been found. According to her …
  • … became ill with scarlet fever on 13 August 1862. Leonard Darwin had been suffering from …
  • … scarlet fever (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862], and letter to A.   …
  • … R.  Wallace, 20 August [1862] ). In consequence of their illnesses, Emma and Leonard, …
  • … the letter from Charles Lyell, 20 August 1862 , was not reproduced in K.  M.  Lyell ed.   …
  • … see letter to A.  R. Wallace, 20 August [1862] and n.  3); CD’s ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 February [1862]). John and Ellen Frances Lubbock had lived …
  • … See letter from Charles Lyell, 20 August 1862  and n.  1. CD refers to Lyell’s Antiquity …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 . Lyell’s comments on this subject were …
  • … the letter from Charles Lyell, 20 August 1862 (see n.  15, below). The references are to …
  • … Relations of Birds’. The series of six lectures ran from 14 to 30 May 1862 ( Athenæum , …
  • … 10 May 1862, p.  613). …
  • … See also letter to Armand de Quatrefages, 11 July [1862] , and letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] . Owen’s observations on this point, made …
  • … reported in the Medical Times and Gazette (1862), pt 1: 563–4. Owen had written a critical …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1862]

Summary

Mentions a discussion of man by Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire in his Histoire naturelle générale [1854–62].

Mentions a book by Friedrich Rolle [Ch. Darwin’s Lehre von der Entstehung der Arten (1863)].

Cites evolutionary statements on elephants by Hugh Falconer and notes Falconer’s objection to natural selection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.282)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3747

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   1 October [1862] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.282) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Oct [1862] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … letter to Daniel Oliver, [17 September  1862]. CD’s annotated copies of the four parts of …
  • … Falconer 1863. See letter from Hugh Falconer, 24–7 September [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] . Falconer 1863, p.   …
  • … 80. See also letter to Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] . CD …
  • … met Lyell in London on 30 September 1862 (see letter to …
  • … Hugh Falconer, 1 October [1862] ). According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), CD had …
  • … 1863 , the publication of which was announced on 8 September 1862 ( Börsenblatt für die …
  • … Deutschen Buchhandel 29 (1862): …
  • 1862). In his …
  • … letter to Friedrich Rolle of 17 October [1862], CD reported that he had received the first …

To Charles Lyell   1 June [1867]

Summary

Comments on a discussion of humming-birds by the Duke of Argyll [in The reign of law (1867)].

Encloses article by Henry Parker on the Duke’s book [Saturday Rev. 23 (1867): 82–4].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.328)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5558

Matches: 12 hits

  • … been found. CD refers to [Parker] 1862 , an article in the Saturday Review discussing [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 , a review of Orchids by the duke of Argyll, George Douglas …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 264–92. Campbell, George Douglas. 1867. The …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. Variation : The variation of …
  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [ before 29 December 1862] and n.  4, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] . …
  • … No copy of [Parker] 1862  has been found in the Darwin Archive–CUL; there is an annotated …
  • … copy of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  in the Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  No discussion …
  • … between CD and Lyell on [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  has been found, but see Correspondence …

To Charles Lyell   1 April [1862]

Summary

Explains how melting of ice in Glen Spean could have successively freed two lower cols, thus establishing the water-levels that determined the two lower shelves in Glen Roy.

Plans to read a paper to the Linnean Society ["Sexual forms of Catasetum", Collected papers 2: 63–70].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.275)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3491

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   1 April [1862] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.275) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Apr [1862] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … April and returned home on Friday 4 April 1862. CD’s brother Erasmus Alvey Darwin lived at …
  • … See letter from Charles Lyell, [26–31 March 1862] . CD refers to the map accompanying his …
  • … the Linnean Society of London on 3 April 1862 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean …
  • … the possession of the Linnean Society. By Charles Darwin. [Read 3 April 1862. ] Journal of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 151–7. [ Collected papers 2: 63–70. ] …

From T. F. Jamieson to Charles Lyell   17 October 1862

Summary

TFJ returns CD’s "too flattering" letter concerning Glen Roy [see 3761]. Further discussion of [A. C.] Ramsay’s, [J. D.] Hooker’s, and CL’s arguments about the formation of glacial lakes.

Author:  Thomas Francis Jamieson
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Oct 1862
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen. 112/2859–60)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3757F

Matches: 10 hits

  • … From T.  F.  Jamieson to Charles Lyell   17 October 1862
  • … 60) Thomas Francis Jamieson Ellon, Aberdeenshire 17 Oct 1862 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … asked Lyell to forward to Jamieson his letter of 14 October [1862]. The reference is to …
  • … s controversial theory, detailed in Ramsay 1862, that many European and American rock- …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] and nn.  8 and 9). J.  D.  Hooker 1854b, 2: …
  • … see Davies 1969, pp.  305–6). In Ramsay 1862, pp.  192–3, Ramsay argued that the absence …
  • … synclines, or local subsidence, or fissures along fault lines (Ramsay 1862, pp.  188–90). …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] and n.  10. This is apparently a reference …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] and n.  12). The reference is probably to …
  • … from Jamieson to Lyell of 29 September 1862, which is in Edinburgh University Library, …

To Charles Lyell   1 October [1861]

Summary

The flint tools found at Bedford.

Further discussion of Jamieson’s theory of the formation of the roads of Glen Roy by a glacial lake. Comments on formation of Glen Spean terraces. Mentions glaciers in North Wales.

Agreement with John Murray to publish [Orchids].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  1 Oct [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.266)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3272

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 11 November [1859] and 24 December [1859]. John Murray published Orchids in May 1862. …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Rudwick, Martin John Spencer. 1974. Darwin …
  • … in Scotland, see Jamieson 1860a and 1862. See letter from Charles Lyell, 30 September  …

To Charles Lyell   9 June [1867]

Summary

Discusses hybridisation in cowslip and primrose.

Mentions proposed visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  9 June [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.329)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5566

Matches: 6 hits

  • … CD had been conducting experiments since 1862 to establish that the primrose ( Primula …
  • … his nephew Henry Parker and to [Parker] 1862 . See letter to Charles Lyell, 1 June [1867] …
  • … in which Lyell commented on [Parker] 1862  has not been found. CD refers to [Jenkin] …
  • … edition. 2 vols. London: John Murray. [Parker, Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. ‘Specific difference in …
  • … pp.  55–75. His notes, dated between 1862 and 1867, are in DAR 157a: 75–7 and DAR 108. See …

To Charles Lyell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Comments at length on CL’s book [Antiquity of man (1863)]. CD is "greatly disappointed that you have not given judgment and spoken fairly out what you think about the derivation of species".

Lists large number of queries concerning minor points.

Praises especially the chapters on language and glaciers.

Comments on the temperature of Africa during the glacial period, especially with regard to the views of Hooker.

Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.289)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4028

Matches: 11 hits

  • … views of Hooker. Mentions Owen’s paper on the aye-aye [ Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]. …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  25). A second edition was published in …
  • … p.  7). Haast sent a copy of his address to CD in November 1862 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 10, letter from Julius von Haast, 9 December 1862 , and this volume, letter to Julius von …
  • … their origin to glacial erosion (see Ramsay 1862, and C.  Lyell 1863a, pp.  311–19). Lyell …
  • … before the Linnean Society of London on 5 June 1862 (see Journal of the Proceedings of …
  • … the Linnean Society of London (Botany) 6 ( 1862): cvi; see also Correspondence vol.  10, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] ). Hooker’s researches on the Cameroons flora were later …
  • … name Griphosaurus (J.  A.  Wagner 1861b and 1862). The specimen was first described from …
  • … publisher John Murray’s trade sale in November 1862, 4000 copies of the book were sold to …

To Charles Lyell   22 January [1865]

Summary

Criticises Duke of Argyll’s address [to the Royal Society of Edinburgh (1864)] and demurs on Argyll’s "new birth" theory.

Agrees with CL on beauty.

Enjoyed hearing of Princess Royal’s discussion [on Darwinism].

CD’s illness.

CL’s advice on chapter [of Variation] on dogs was excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  22 Jan [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.304)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4752

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Press. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 5 (1862–6): 264–92. Correspondence : The correspondence …
  • … Campbell had reviewed Orchids in the October 1862 issue of the Edinburgh Review ( [G.   …
  • … D. Campbell] 1862 ). CD discussed the principle of correlation of growth in Origin , pp.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin 3d ed. : On the origin of species by …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 5 hits

  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 November [1862] . See also Origin , pp.  357–8. Lyell discussed …
  • … 10, letter from J.  B.  Jukes, 25 May 1862 and n.  4). The Purbeck beds are discussed in …
  • … topic since Ramsay had introduced his theory of their glacial origin in 1862 ( …
  • … Ramsay 1862). Although Lyell accepted that lakes were common in glaciated areas, he …
  • … 10, letter to Charles Lyell, 14 October [1862] ), but had also been impressed by other …

To Charles Lyell   [7 May 1863]

thumbnail

Summary

Falconer’s letter [attacking CL, Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] is most unjust.

Regrets his letter [to Athenæum, on heterogeny] now criticised by Owen.

Comments on article by Samuel Haughton [On the form of cells made by wasps – with an appendix on the origin of species (1863)].

Mentions forthcoming reviews by Asa Gray [in Am. J. Sci.].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [7 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 46
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4145

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon …
  • … CD refers to Gray’s review abstract of Bates 1862 (A.  Gray 1863a), which appeared in the …
  • … s medical school in 1859; he graduated in 1862 and was appointed medical registrar of the …

To Charles Lyell   17 March [1863]

Summary

His better opinion [of work of Boucher de Perthes].

Explains his position on CL’s treatment of species.

Mentions positive response to his ideas on the part of a German professor [Ernst Haeckel], Alphonse de Candolle, and a botanical palaeontologist [Gaston de Saporta].

Notes negative reaction of entomologists.

Mentions Falconer’s objections [to Antiquity].

Mentions work of Hooker.

Comments on paper by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16]

and CD’s review of Bates’s paper [Collected papers 2: 87–92].

Thinks Natural History Review is excellent.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  17 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.291)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4047

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by Owen ["On the aye-aye", Rep. BAAS 32 (1862) pt 2: 114–16] and CD’s review of Bates’s …
  • … New York: Academic Press. Haeckel, Ernst. 1862. Die Radiolarien. ( Rhizopoda Radiaria. ) …
  • … p.  49. The reference is to Haeckel 1862 , in which Ernst Haeckel first publicly endorsed …

To Charles Lyell   18 April [1863]

Summary

Describes a letter he has written to the Athenæum in which he mentions CL’s views on species modification ["Doctrine of heterogeny", Collected papers 2: 78–80].

Comments on criticism of Lyell’s book [Antiquity] by Falconer and others.

Mentions his eczema.

Invites the Lyells to visit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 Apr [1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.294)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4106

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Murray. Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1862. Introduction to the study of the Foraminifera. …
  • … 28 March 1863, pp.  417–19) of Carpenter 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  11, Appendix VII). …

To Charles Lyell   20 July [1861]

Summary

Mentions George Maw’s "good review" of Origin [Zoologist 19 (1861): 7577–611].

Relates remark by J. S. Mill concerning soundness of logic and method of Origin.

Is at work [on Orchids and Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 July [1861]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.258)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3215

Matches: 2 hits

  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Variation : The variation of animals and …
  • … he published his results in a small volume in 1862 ( Orchids ). Variation appeared in two …

To Charles Lyell   3 May [1856]

Summary

Discusses possibility of publishing a sketch of his views.

Comments on CL’s letter [1862].

Mentions various geological topics.

Asks to borrow publication by Heer.

Mentions flight of Colymbetes over ocean.

Recalls visit by Wollaston.

Notes views of Hooker and Huxley on species.

Mentions ability of ducks to transport plant seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1866

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of his views. Comments on CL’s letter [ 1862 ]. Mentions various geological topics. Asks …

To Charles Lyell   4 [February 1863]

Summary

Thanks CL for "the great book" [Antiquity of man (1863)].

Richard Owen "ought to be ostracised by every Naturalist in England".

CL’s book will "give the whole subject of change of species an enormous advance".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  4 [Feb 1863]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.287)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3967

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 10, letter from T.  H. Huxley, 9 October 1862  and n.  4; and this volume, letter to J.   …

To Charles Lyell   8[–9] September [1866]

Summary

Disappointed to put off CL’s visit because of illness of CD’s sister [Susan], but hopes to see him in October.

Thanks for lending pamphlet [L. Agassiz, Geology of the Amazons]. Agassiz has written "wild nonsense".

Refers to a translation of Pictet and Humbert’s "capital" paper on fossil fish ["Recent researches on the fossil fishes of Mount Lebanon", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 3d ser. 18 (1866): 237].

Hooker’s lecture at BAAS Nottingham meeting.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8[–9] Sept [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.319)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5208

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter from H.  W.  Bates, 30 April 1862  and n.  3, and letter to H.   …
  • … W.  Bates, 4 May [1862] and n.  5. In Origin 4th ed. , p.  454, CD speculated that the …

To Charles Lyell   3 September [1874]

Summary

Discusses belief in immortality and a personal God.

Describes his holiday in Southampton.

Comments on papers of John Wesley Judd.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 Sept [1874]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.448)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-9621

Matches: 1 hit

  • … deposits in southern England in Prestwich 1862. CD refers to John Wesley Judd. See letter …

To Charles Lyell   15 February [1866]

Summary

Thanks CL for Hooker’s letter.

Discussion of Hooker’s views on glacial action and temperature with specific reference to S. America.

His squabbles with Hooker on transport of seeds via water currents,

temperate plants, and preservation of tropical plants during cooler period.

Expresses interest in seeing Agassiz’s letter.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  15 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.313)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … and subsidence, for example in November 1862; Hooker had protested, ‘I set out on …
  • … 10, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 ). CD had written in Origin , p.  374: ‘On …
Document type
letter (31)
Addressee
Lyell, Charles[X]
Correspondent
Date
1856 (1)
1860 (2)
1861 (5)
1862 (5)
1863 (6)
1865 (2)
1866 (4)
1867 (3)
1869 (1)
1872 (1)
1874 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for ‘experimental purposes’ (see Correspondence vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862], and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, 15 January 1863). The decision…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3800 — Scott, John to Darwin, C. R., [11 Nov 1862] Scottish gardener John Scott notes …
  • … Letter 3805 — Darwin, C. R. to Scott, John, 12 Nov [1862] Darwin thanks Scott for bringing …
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