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To W. E. Darwin   30 [October 1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for observations on Lythrum.

Discusses family affairs.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  30 [Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 107
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3789

Matches: 25 hits

  • … E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] . …
  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   30 [October 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 107 Charles Robert Darwin Down 30 [Oct 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … the relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . See letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and n.  2, and letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 . CD reported this observation in ‘Three forms of Lythrum …
  • … Bibliography Anon. 1862. Mr Darwin’s …
  • … orchids. Saturday Review 14 (1862): 486. Collected papers : The collected papers of …
  • … DAR 242), and the letters from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [19 November 1862] and [ …
  • … 2 December 1862? ], in DAR 219.1: 67–8). William had probably …
  • … the anonymous review of Orchids that appeared in the Saturday Review of 18 October 1862 ( …
  • … Anon 1862 ); there is a copy of the review in CD’s Scrapbook of reviews (DAR 226.1). …
  • … See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  4, and letter to W.   …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’: On the …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  2. The excitement of conversation …
  • … suffered a severe attack on 21 October 1862, following the visit to Down House of three …
  • … see letter to John Lubbock, 23 October [1862] ). Following Lubbock’s visit to Down House …
  • … See letter from John Lubbock, 25 October 1862  and n.  5. Greenstreet Green is a village …
  • … Down. See letter from John Lubbock, 25 October 1862 , n.  5. Elizabeth Darwin started at a …
  • … Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [29 October 1862], in DAR 219.1: 63). The Darwins’ governess, …
  • … the year. See the letters from Emma Darwin to William Erasmus Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27  …
  • … May 1862], and [ …
  • … 6 November 1862], in DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64; see also Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and …
  • … north-west of Down. On Saturday 1 November 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR …
  • … than one occasion in November and December 1862, having become friendly with Elinor Mary …

To W. E. Darwin   4 [July 1862]

Summary

Reports some observations on the fertilisation of wheat which WED might follow up.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  4 [July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 100
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3641

Matches: 26 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   4 [July 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 100 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 [July 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … also letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 14 February [1862]. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 13 July [ …
  • … DAR 186: 43) contains a note dated 10 July 1862, describing pollen-masses and pollen tubes …
  • … Down House MS), CD recorded payments of £42 to ‘Edwards’ on 31 May 1862 and £37 16 s. …
  • … on 14 July 1862. The reference is to the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway Company; according …
  • … the stock was purchased on 3 July and 9 July 1862. CD’s Account book–banking account ( …
  • … Down House MS) records the settlement of the account on 16 July 1862. See also …
  • … letter to John St Barbe, [before 3 July 1862] . …
  • … 1861] , and this volume, letter to C.  C.  Babington, 20 January [1862] ), and on …
  • … 28 June 1862 began crossing experiments with a specimen of Verbascum transplanted from a …
  • … experimental notes dated 28 June and 2 July 1862 in DAR 108: 2). He was, however, unable …
  • … plant was a sterile hybrid (see letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 6 October [1862] and …
  • … 14 [October 1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] ). CD later discussed this experiment in ‘Specific difference …
  • … became ill with scarlet fever on 12 June 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). Horace …
  • … between early June and early November 1862. She was apparently sent away on full pay in …
  • … early in the year (see letters from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [2 March 1862], [27  …
  • … May 1862], and [ …
  • … 6 November 1862] (DAR 219.1: 49, 57, 64), …
  • … letter to Camilla Ludwig, 26 August [1862] , Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242), and CD’s …
  • … Elizabeth Darwin from 5 June to 4 July 1862; on 5 July she was paid £5 for ‘education’ ( …
  • … Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [27 May 1862] (DAR 219.1: 57)). Brodie had been the nurse …
  • … Ludwig in November (see letters from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [9 August 1862] and [ …
  • … 6 November 1862] (DAR 219.1: 61, 64), and Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 178). Miss Rendle has not …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1862); he is listed in CD’s Address book (Down …

To W. E. Darwin   [24 July 1862]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants, valerian and Erythraea. Would like to look at them; suggests WED draw up a paper on them.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3632

Matches: 15 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [24 July 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 101 Charles Robert Darwin Down [24 July 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . There is a series of observations and drawings of the parts of …
  • … relationship to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [after 14 July 1862] , and by reference to a postscript, written in pencil, in …
  • … 2 August (see letter from G.  H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). The letter was …
  • … the Thursday prior to the week ending 2 August 1862. Leonard Darwin was recovering from …
  • … s diary (DAR 242); see also letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] , letters to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] , 9  …
  • … July [1862] , and [after …
  • … 14 July 1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , and letter to W.   …

To W. E. Darwin   [2–3 August 1862]

Summary

Discusses Lythrum, "a really wonderful case"; asks WED to make observations and collect specimens; sends a diagram which shows what crosses he believes are fertile.

Would like George to watch bees visiting the flowers; wants some pods from different forms to compare shapes and count seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [2-3 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 70, DAR 210.6: 102
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3678

Matches: 23 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [2–3 August 1862] …
  • … 185: 70, DAR 210.6: 102 Charles Robert Darwin Down [2-3 Aug 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letters from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , 2  …
  • … August [1862] , and …
  • … 5 August 1862 . The letter …
  • … was written on Saturday and Sunday; 2 August 1862 fell on Saturday. See letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 . The reference is to CD’s sister, Susan Elizabeth …
  • … In a letter to William of [late July 1862] (DAR 219.1: 59), Emma Darwin reported that ‘ …
  • … on the insects visiting orchids (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 [June 1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and nn.  7–9). The following year, CD made his …
  • … write to invite her. See enclosure. See letters from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862  and …
  • … 2 August [1862] . William examined and classified …
  • … specimens from 102 plants of Lythrum salicaria on 6 August 1862 (see letter from W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 5 August 1862 ); CD cited his results, along with those given in the letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 1 August 1862 , in ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , p.  174 ( …
  • … Darwin arrived in Southampton on a visit to William on 2 August 1862 (see letter from G.   …
  • … H.  Darwin, [after 5 August 1862] and n.  3). There are camera lucida drawings …
  • … forms of Lythrum salicaria , all with August 1862 dates, in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 27–32 bis. …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 August  1862 . Although CD referred to William’s drawings …
  • … letter to H.  C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). See also ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … and letter to W.  E.  Darwin [24 July 1862]). During the latter part of Leonard’s illness, …
  • … 1915) 2: 178; see also letter to W.  E. Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and n.  8). See letter …
  • … from W.  E.  Darwin, 2 August [1862] . In June, George Darwin had made a series of …

To W. E. Darwin   4 [November 1862]

Summary

Discusses a crossing experiment.

Has been counting the seeds in pods [of Lythrum?].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  4 [Nov 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 105
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3682

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   4 [November 1862] …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  11. …
  • … DAR 210.6: 105 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 [Nov 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … to the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] , and to the letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] , and by reference to dated notes by CD and William, …
  • … pollinated by insects, is in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2): 53, dated 17 October 1862. CD’s results …
  • … from the crosses made with this species in 1862 are also recorded in DAR 27.2 (ser.  2). …
  • … near Southampton (see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] , and letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] ). …
  • … On 2 November 1862, William recorded in his Botanical notebook (DAR 117: 50) that he had …
  • … shrivelled on the convex side’. In October 1862, William had sent his father pods of each …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and nn.   2 and 3). CD’s tally of the seeds …

To W. E. Darwin   [8 May 1862]

Summary

Hooker has written about WED’s going to Kew.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [8 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 97
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3525

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [8 May 1862] …
  • … Darwin was ill throughout the early part of 1862 (see Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … 97 Charles Robert Darwin London, Queen Anne St, 6 [8 May 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … The date is established by reference to CD’s trip to London in May 1862 (see nn.   …
  • … 2 and 3, below); 8 May 1862 was a Thursday. Letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] . According to Emma Darwin’s …
  • … diary (DAR 242), CD travelled to London on 6 May 1862 and returned to Down on 9 May. …
  • … International Exhibition opened in South Kensington, London, on 1 May 1862 ( The Times, …
  • … 2 May 1862, p.  11). …

To W. E. Darwin   [25 October 1862]

Summary

Asks WED to make some observations on differences in pods of Lythrum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [25 Oct 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3782

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [25 October 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 106 Charles Robert Darwin Down [25 Oct 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Darwin returned to Down House on 22 October 1862, and that on 24 October she was ‘languid …
  • … the] m[ornin]g as before’. On 25 October 1862, Emma Darwin recorded in her diary (DAR 242) …
  • … established by the relationship to the letters from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and …
  • … 28 October 1862 ; the intervening Saturday …
  • … was 25 October 1862. The letter containing William’s comments on the seed-pods of the mid- …
  • … see the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 30 [October 1862] . William was assisting his father by …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] ); however, CD had concluded that he would …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  11). CD’s paper, ‘Three forms of …
  • … Maud Atherley. See letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 October [1862] and n.  5. Emma Darwin’ …

To W. E. Darwin   [after 14 July 1862]

thumbnail

Summary

Leonard’s illness.

Polymorphism in valerian and Erythraea.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [after 14 July 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3650

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [after 14 July 1862] …
  • … DAR 185: 12 Charles Robert Darwin Down [after 14 July 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … see the letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] . In the letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 , William had suggested that Erythraea centaurium might offer an …
  • … the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . Leonard Darwin was suffering from scarlet …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242); see also letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862] , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] and n.  3). William had proposed to send CD specimens …
  • … letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 ). For CD’s request that William send specimens, …

To William Erasmus Darwin   14 February [1862]

Summary

Discusses WED’s growing interest in botany; would be grateful for certain observations.

Is much concerned about Horace’s illness.

Has sent Orchids MS to printers

and will work a little at dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  14 Feb [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3447

Matches: 14 hits

  • … To William Erasmus Darwin   14 February [1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 95 Charles Robert Darwin Down 14 Feb [1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Orchids was published on 15 May 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … to the letter from John Lubbock, 13 February 1862 (see n.  13, below). John Lubbock had …
  • … took Horace to Headland on 11 February 1862, and recorded in her diary the commencement of …
  • … party at John Lubbock’s on 15 February 1862 to which, in addition to Joseph Dalton Hooker, …
  • … see letter from John Lubbock, 13 February 1862 ). The references are to Sarah Elizabeth …
  • … sister, and CD’s niece, Mary Susan Parker. See letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … sit the mathematical tripos in January 1862 and receive his degree ( Cambridge University …
  • … notes on male Lychnis dioica , dated 11 May 1862, in William’s botanical sketchbook (DAR …
  • … letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ; see also Correspondence vol.  9, letter to …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] ). In Cross and self fertilisation , pp.  410– …
  • … Darwin whose periods of illness during early 1862 are recorded in Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …

To W. E. Darwin   [31 May 1862]

Summary

Wants WED to forward dried Malaxis to G. C. Oxenden.

Has been dissecting Viola flowers.

[Letter from Emma Darwin to WED, verso p. 3.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [31 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 98
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3580

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [31 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 98 Charles Robert Darwin Down [31 May 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 30 May [1862] (see n.   …
  • … 2, below); in 1862, 31 May fell on a Saturday. George Chichester Oxenden had asked CD for …
  • … the orchid Malaxis paludosa in the letter to CD of 26 May 1862. See also letter from G.   …
  • … C.  Oxenden, 30 May [1862] . William had for some time been a keen amateur photographer ( …
  • … of arrival in Southampton. See also letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 30 May [1862] and n.  7. …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) for 31 May 1862 reads: ‘Boys came from school’. She refers …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, 26 April [1862] , n.  2). ‘Bugging’ refers to hunting or …
  • … William in Southampton from 3 to 12 June 1862. Emma added a note to William at the end of …

To W. E. Darwin   [2–3 September 1862]

Summary

Asks WED to send some specimens [of Lythrum?].

[Letter from Emma Darwin to WED on verso.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [2–3 Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 103
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3673

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [2–3 September 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 103 Charles Robert Darwin unstated [2–3 Sept 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … William in Southampton until 1 September 1862, when they joined the rest of the family in …
  • … the evening of 3 September (see letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] , and letter to …
  • … John Lubbock, [3 September 1862] ). …
  • … Leonard Darwin had been ill with scarlet fever since 12 June 1862 (see letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ); Emma contracted the …
  • … fever on 13 August 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). …
  • … At the end of August 1862, during his stay with William in Southampton, CD noted that …

To W. E. Darwin   9 July [1862]

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Summary

Lenny [Leonard Darwin]’s illness.

Polymorphism in valerian and Lythrum salicaria.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  9 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 11
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3649

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   9 July [1862] …
  • … DAR 185: 11 Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 July [1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] ). Hooker did so in March 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 22 [March 1862] ). …
  • … Post Office directory of the six home counties 1862); Leonard Darwin had been suffering …
  • … from scarlet fever since 12 June 1862 (Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). In the letter to …
  • … W.  E.  Darwin, 4 [July 1862] , CD had encouraged William to make observations on the …
  • … the letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 14 July 1862 . Vaucher 1841 , 2: 371. There is a heavily …

To W. E. Darwin   26 April [1862]

Summary

Thanks WED for eyeglass.

Reports on health of Horace and family matters.

Has finished Orchids.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  26 Apr [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 96
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3520

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   26 April [1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 96 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … Boys went to school’ on Monday 28 April 1862. George Howard Darwin and Francis Darwin both …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … that he ‘finished Orchis Book’ on 28 April 1862. William’s name appears on CD’s list of …
  • … Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242) on 25 April 1862 that reads: ‘young Sayer here’. William had …
  • … to attend Clapham Grammar School in January 1862. According to CD’s Classed account book, …
  • … to Reed for the period January to June 1862, and made a proportionate increase in his …
  • … also letter from Emma Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [3 February 1862] (DAR 219.1: 48). Leonard …
  • … home from Clapham with scarlet fever in June 1862 and was again tutored by Reed during his …
  • … Darwin to W.  E.  Darwin, [13 December 1862] (DAR 219.1: 69), and Correspondence vol.  11, …
  • … Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood on 1 May 1862. CD recorded in his journal (see Correspondence …

To W. E. Darwin   13 [June 1862]

Summary

Leonard has scarlet fever; CD is sorry WED is unwell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  13 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 99
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3601

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   13 [June 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 99 Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 [June 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … where William lived, from 3 to 12 June 1862. Horace had been ill earlier in the year. …
  • … in south-west London (see letter from Charles Pritchard, 17 June [1862] ). Emma Darwin’ …
  • … s diary (DAR 242) records, on 12 June 1862: ‘Lenny came home with sc.  fever’. …

To W. E. Darwin   [10? September 1862]

Summary

Gives advice as to whether certain meteorological observations would be worth making.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10? Sept 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 104
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3704

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To W.  E.  Darwin   [10? September 1862] …
  • … DAR 210.6: 104 Charles Robert Darwin Bournemouth [10? Sept 1862] William Erasmus Darwin …
  • … fever (see letter to John Lubbock, 2 September [1862] and n.  4). See n.  1, above. …
  • … CD, Emma, and Leonard stayed in September 1862. According to Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR …

To W. E. Darwin   [5 May 1863]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [5 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4140

Matches: 7 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). CD and Emma were undecided whether to go …
  • … December 1861 and Vaucher 1841  in March 1862 (see Correspondence vols.  9 and 10). There …
  • … heterostyly (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] and n.   …
  • … 11, and 9 August [1862] and n.  8). See also Forms of flowers , pp.  110–11. Species of …
  • … vol.  10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] , and Forms of flowers , pp.  298–9). …
  • … CD’s experimental notes on Mentha hirsuta , dated 28 August 1862, are in DAR 109: A3. …
  • … Notes on Thymus , dated 29 May 1862 and 30 April 1863, are in DAR 109: A22 and A28. CD’s …

To W. E. Darwin   [25 July 1863]

Summary

Relates events at Down;

asks WED to make some observations on Lythrum.

His present hobby-horse is tendrils.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [25 July 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 112
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4199

Matches: 5 hits

  • … are preserved in DAR 157.1 and 157.2. In 1862, William reported to his father that he …
  • … assertion (see Correspondence vol.  10, letters to W.  E.  Darwin, [25 October 1862] and …
  • … 30 [October 1862] , and letter from W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, 28 October 1862 ). See also letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 21 August [1863] . …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1862). Joanna Maria Bonham-Carter resided at …

From Emma Darwin to W. E. Darwin   [17 May 1864]

Summary

CD says Meneanthes is now in flower.

Author:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [17 May 1864]
Classmark:  DAR 219.1: 80
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4498F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … trifoliata (buckbean or marsh trefoil); in 1862, he acquired the aquatic plant from the …
  • … vol.  10, letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 9 [April 1862] and n.  3, letter to G.   …
  • … 10, letter from R.  M. Rolfe, 28 November 1862). Emma probably refers to her nephew Edmund …
  • … H.  K.  Thwaites, 20 June [1862] and n.  4, and note in DAR 110: B52). See also …

To W. E. Darwin   [10 May 1863]

Summary

Thanks WED for his botanical specimens and observations.

Discusses Corydalis and the fertilisation of Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [10 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 111
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4151

Matches: 5 hits

  • … vol.  10, letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] , n.  8). CD evidently thought that P.   …
  • … of the Fumariaceae, is evident in his letters to Daniel Oliver of 12 [April 1862] and …
  • … 15 April [1862] ( Correspondence vol.  10). Further observations dated 22 May 1863, …
  • … 10, letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] and nn.  7 and 8). CD’s observational notes …
  • … Horace had been unwell since January 1862 (see Correspondence vol.  10). George Howard …

From Joseph Wolstenholme to William Erasmus Darwin   [27 March 1863?]

Summary

Responds belatedly with advice about Cambridge colleges with particular reference to mathematics. Of the large ones Trinity stands out. Of the small ones Christ’s or possibly Caius.

Author:  Joseph Wolstenholme
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [27 Mar 1863?]
Classmark:  DAR 181: 140
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4062F

Matches: 4 hits

  • … of a Cambridge college in the winter of 1862–3 (see n.  2, below), by his mention of the ‘ …
  • … from Christ’s College, Cambridge, in 1862, taking mathematical honours. He had apparently …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  10, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 18 December [1862] ). In …
  • … a letter to William of [18 November 1862], which is in DAR 219.1: 67, Emma Darwin …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In March 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn wrote to Darwin stating his intention to prepare a …
  • … edition (see letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Since the publication of the …
  • … of importance’ (see letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). Darwin had sent Bronn some of these …
  • … in the new edition; in his letter to Bronn of 25 April [1862 ], he mentioned that he was sending …
  • … from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). (No American edition incorporating …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …
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