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From Charles Lyell   1–2 May 1856

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Summary

Urges CD to publish his theory with small part of data.

Corrects names of land shells on list of shells picked up at Down.

Discusses transport of Ancylus from one river-bed to another by water-beetle.

"I hear that when you & Hooker & Huxley & Wollaston got together you made light of all Species & grew more & more unorthodox."

Mentions discussion of old Atlantis by Oswald Heer.

Comments on Helix and Nanina.

Mentions beetle discovered with small bag of eggs of water-spider under wing.

Madeira evidence favours single species birth-place theory.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1–2 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 282
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1862

Matches: 1 hit

  • … DCP-LETT-1862

From J. D. Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862]

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Summary

Sends CD West Ireland soundings.

More detail on his review "a la Lindley" [see 3797].

Bates’s paper ["Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital.

Andrew Murray’s article plays into CD’s hands through sheer ignorance.

JDH is on Royal Society Council.

Has no recollection of applying natural selection to Polynesians. None but a German would dig out such a passage if it exists [see 3812].

Has caused Tyndall to modify his pseudo-geology.

Has not seen Duke of Argyll’s review [Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand Orchids the least little bit, nor the Origin, when JDH saw him.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 and 20 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 71–2, 79
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3807

Matches: 54 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [15 and] 20 November [1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 71–2, 79 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 15 Nov 1862 20 …
  • … Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Argyll’s review [ Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. [The Duke] did not understand …
  • … governess has not been identified; she was appointed in June 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 19 [June 1862] and n.  4). Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill earlier in the …
  • … from her father, John Stevens Henslow (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 ). …
  • … Amazon valley", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 23 (1862): 495–566] is capital. Andrew Murray’s …
  • … Bibliography Bates, Henry Walter. 1862. Contributions to an insect fauna of the Amazon …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Planchon, Jules Emile. 1847–8. Sur la …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ; the Saturday following that date, but …
  • … of Ireland in June, July, and August 1862 by HMS Porcupine , under the superintendence of …
  • … to the account given in the Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle for November 1862 ( …
  • … Hoskyn 1862 ); his error in citing the title of the periodical may be explained by the …
  • … John Murray. Blanford, Henry Francis. 1862. On the specific identity of the described …
  • … London. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Edinburgh Review 116: 378–97. Hoskyn, Richard. 1862. Report on the deep sea soundings to …
  • … Porcupine,” in June, July, and August, 1862. Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle 31: …
  • … 561–9. Murray, Andrew. 1862. On the geographical relations of the …
  • … Coleoptera of Old Calabar. [Read 6 February 1862. ] Transactions of the Linnean Society of …
  • … see, for example, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 7 November 1862 , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] ). Hooker refers to the botanists Robert Brown and John Lindley, and to …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . [J.  D.  Hooker] 1862c, p.  910. …
  • … appeared, was published on 13 November 1862 ( Raphael 1970 ). There is an annotated copy …
  • … to Henry Walter Bates of 13 November 1862, which is reproduced in Bates 1892 , pp.  xlvi– …
  • … this subject earlier in the year (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [10 March 1862] , 17  …
  • … March 1862 , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] , and letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 14 March [1862] , 18  …
  • … March [1862] , and …
  • … 26 [ March 1862] ). …
  • … Murray 1862 . In his paper, Andrew Murray discussed the Coleoptera of Old Calabar in …
  • … George Snow. In his letter of 3 November [1862] , CD requested that Hooker inform him of …
  • … meeting of the society on 1 December 1862 ( Proceedings of the Royal Society of London …
  • … society. Writing to Sharpey on 13 November 1862 (University College London, MS Archives, …
  • … Blanford 1862 . In his paper, Bates invoked the theory of natural selection to account for …
  • … above) is heavily annotated. On Murray 1862 , see n.  7, above. In his paper on the genus …
  • … generic distinction was based ( Blanford 1862 , pp.  609–10), he stated: Indeed, accepting …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . The second part of this letter was written on …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] and n.  4. Hooker refers to Ludwig Büchner. …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). John Tyndall. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  23. [ …
  • … G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  26, and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 18 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the disruption of the Church of Scotland …
  • … The attribution of [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862  is confirmed by the Wellesley index 1: 511–12. …
  • … to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] . Hooker refers to specimens in the herbarium …
  • … growing in Britain. See letter to Daniel Oliver, 23 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] and n.  20. …
  • … at this time will be viewed & used in that light there cannot be a doubt— Bates 1862 , …
  • … Murray 1862 , and …

From Asa Gray   22 September 1862

Summary

Last chapter of Orchids opens up a "knotty sort of question about accident or design".

Changes in orchid flowers as they age.

Thinks CD may find trimorphism in Nesaea verticillata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 118, 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3736

Matches: 33 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   22 September 1862
  • … DAR 165: 118, 119 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 22 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [ 3–]4 September [1862] and nn.  14  …
  • … and 15. D[icey] 1862 ; the reference is to the American Civil War. Two proclamations …
  • … the first in April 1861 and the second in July 1862 ( McPherson 1988 , pp.  274 and 491). …
  • … Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1985–. D[icey], E[dward]. 1862. The outlook of the …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Sept.  22, 1862. My Dear Darwin. Your pleasant epistles of …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Letters to Asa Gray, 21 August [1862] and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862] . In his …
  • … letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862], CD reported that Emma and Leonard Darwin were …
  • … from attacks of scarlet fever. In the summer of 1862, Gray sent a number of North American …
  • … apparently enclosed with CD’s letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862] (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  4). Horace …
  • … 147 ( Collected papers 2: 144). See letter from Asa Gray, 5 September 1862  and n.  11. …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] and [3–] …
  • … 4 September [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 5 September 1862 . See …
  • … war. Daily News , 4 September 1862, p. 3. …
  • … and reprinted from Macmillan’s Magazine 6 (1862): 408–20. DAB : Dictionary of American …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] . Joseph Trimble Rothrock was Gray’s assistant …
  • … he enlisted in the 131st Pennsylvania Infantry on 1 July 1862 ( DAB ). Gray told …
  • … CD this news in his letter of 5 September 1862 . …
  • … In the summer of 1862, Rothrock carried out experiments and observations on CD’s behalf …
  • … caerulea (see letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 ). Rothrock was eventually wounded at …
  • … of dimorphism that appeared in the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … example, the letter to Asa Gray, 21 August [1862] and n.  10. Gray’s review of Orchids ( …
  • … noting: ‘It bears on design’ (see letters to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 21, and 21 August [1862] and n.  15). In the follow-up article to his review of Orchids ( …
  • … on American species of orchids in the summer of 1862, sending several sets of notes to CD, …
  • … In his letter to Gray of [3–]4 September [1862], CD expressed pleasure at Gray’s intention …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, [3–]4 September [1862] and n.  7. In A.  Gray 1862b, p.  426, Gray …

From J. D. Hooker   26 November 1862

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Summary

Returns Asa Gray letter. Gray has made a great blunder in his criticism of Oliver: he mistakes perpetuation of a variety for "propagation of variation". Confusion between "action of physical causes" and "effects of physical causes". Neither crossing nor natural selection has made so many divergent individuals, but simply variation. "If once you hold that natural selection can create a character your whole doctrine tumbles to the ground." CD’s failure to convey this, and the false doctrine that "like produces like" is at bottom of half the scientific infidelity to CD’s doctrine. There is something to the objection that CD has made a deus ex machina of natural selection since he neglects to dwell on the facts of infinite incessant variations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3831

Matches: 33 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   26 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 61–2, 77–8 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter from Asa Gray, 10 November 1862 ; see letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1. …
  • … through CD, proof-sheets of the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  1). For Gray’s comments on Daniel …
  • … Museum of Practical Geology, London, in November and December 1862 (see letter from T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 10 October [1862] and n.  3). The first lecture was entitled ‘The present …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] OED : …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 10 November  1862  and n.  11. Hooker refers to his somewhat …
  • … of natural selection (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , [31 January – …
  • … 8 February 1862] , and [ …
  • … 23 March 1862] ). See also letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  5. See letter from …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . CD, Hooker, and Charles Lyell had corresponded …
  • … In his letter of 27 [October 1862] , CD asked Hooker to provide him with specimens of …
  • … reactions of plants. See also letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 3 November [1862] and [10–] …
  • … 12 November [1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 2 November 1862 , 7  …
  • … November 1862 , and [15  …
  • … and] 20 November [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Hooker refers to the work for his monograph on …
  • … microscopical examination (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and [ …
  • … 12 October 1862] ). See also L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 2: 23– …
  • … 6. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] and n.  15. Hooker refers to the first …
  • … reaction, see the letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20 and 21. See also …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] . Hooker refers to Gray’ …
  • … comment, in his letter to CD of 10 November 1862, that he might have to send specimens of …
  • … Owen. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . Falconer 1863. See letter to …
  • … J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . …

From J. D. Hooker   20 August 1862

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Summary

Observations on Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 52–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3690

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   20 August 1862
  • … DAR 101: 52–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 20 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Botanic Gardens, Kew. Jenyns, Leonard. 1862. Memoir of the Rev. John Stevens Henslow, late …
  • … became ill with scarlet fever on 13 August 1862. Hooker refers to Frances Harriet Hooker, …
  • … who had been ill in June and July (see letters from J.  D. Hooker, 9 June 1862 , 19 [ …
  • … June 1862] , 28  …
  • … June 1862 , and …
  • … 2 July 1862 ). Horace Darwin …
  • … had been ill during the spring of 1862 (see ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix …
  • … Geological Society of London on 5 March 1862. For an account of the controversy initiated …
  • … was a review of J.  D.  Hooker 1861a (see letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  11). …
  • … suffering from scarlet fever since June (see letters to W.  E.  Darwin, 13 [June 1862] and …
  • … 9 July [1862] , and letter to A.   …
  • … R. Wallace, 20 August [1862] ). The Hookers had travelled to Switzerland in July so that …
  • … Frances might recover her health (see letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 28 June 1862 , 2  …
  • … July 1862 , 10  …
  • … July 1862 , and [ …
  • … 24 July 1862] ). Frances Hooker’s late …
  • … was survived by four sisters ( Jenyns 1862 , p.  5); the reference is probably to the …
  • … also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 25 October 1862 . Hooker had recently been involved in …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1862] ). He was also examiner for the Society of …
  • … Linnean Society of London on 18 December 1862 and 16 January 1863 (J.  D.  Hooker 1863a). …
  • … their form (see letters to the Journal of Horticulture , [before 10 June 1862] and [before …
  • … 15 July 1862]). See also letter from T.   …
  • … W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. Gustav Mann was botanical collector for the Royal Botanic …
  • … also letter from T.  W.  Woodbury, 9 August 1862. William Henslow Hooker. John Lindley. In …
  • … Vanda Loweii— lowest flowers different from others   Gardeners Chronicle 1862.  p.  791. …
  • … The article, published in the 23 August 1862 issue, described a specimen belonging to …
  • … separate parcels’ in DAR 222). See also letter to Daniel Oliver, 24 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 9. Ramsay 1862. Andrew Crombie Ramsay read his controversial paper on the …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 December 1862]

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Summary

On Asa Gray’s letter; has written why he avoids alluding to the war.

Has read Max Müller [see 3752] – last part unphilosophical.

On CD’s pigeon example, long-beaked and short-beaked pigeons must be either sterile or not inter se. There is "no such thing as Equality – hence no such thing as chance and Nat. Sel. is the sword of Damocles hanging over your head if you make a slip in your premisses."

Has read note on Lythrum sent several weeks ago. Its consequences are of most prolific order to CD’s doctrine.

Kew has no wild gooseberries.

JDH praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 83–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3846

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [14 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 83–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [14 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … praises the Saturday Review reply [14 (1862): 589] to the Duke of Argyll’s bitter review …
  • … of Orchids ["The supernatural", Edinburgh Rev. 116 (1862): 378–97]. …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . CD discussed the incidence of peloric …
  • … Library–CUL. T.  H.  Huxley 1862c. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] . …
  • … to the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [21 December 1862] ; the intervening Sunday was 14 December. …
  • … CD apparently enclosed Asa Gray’s letter of 24 November 1862  with his letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . Hooker and Gray held radically different views on the …
  • … in their letters (see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [19 January 1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 18 February 1862 ). Max Müller 1861 . …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 24 November 1862  and nn.  2 and 3. Gustav Mann. …
  • … See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862  and nn.  8 and 9. See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [after 26] November [1862] and …
  • … 12 [December 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] . The references are to Cohn 1860  and Dutrochet  …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 12 [December 1862], CD inquired about John Scott, who was …
  • … made inquiries in his letter to Hooker of 18 [November 1862]. See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n.  18. According to his ‘Journal’ ( Correspondence …
  • … Plants’ ( Variation 1: 305–72) on 11 December 1862; the gooseberry is discussed on pp.   …
  • … of Horticulture , [before 2 December 1862]. Hooker’s oldest son, William Henslow Hooker, …

From Asa Gray   15 July [1862]

Summary

Observations on Platanthera.

Possibility of trimorphism in Mertensia.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 July [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 116, DAR 165: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3659

Matches: 29 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   15 July [1862] …
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 116, DAR 165: 113 Asa Gray unstated 15 July [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see also letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  18). The note is on the verso of the …
  • … the relationship to the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] . The letter from Gray to which …
  • … postscript (see letter from Asa Gray, 21 July 1862 ) has not been found; it was apparently …
  • … with the letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . Some indication of its content is conveyed …
  • … by CD’s annotations, and by his reply ( letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] ). …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] . In …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , CD complained that he had felt ‘baddish for 2 or …
  • … letters from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862  and …
  • … 4 August 1862 . See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862  and n.  6. Gray had evidently enclosed a copy of …
  • … review of Orchids (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and n.  3). Although the review is listed in the List of …
  • … of the Linnean Society ( Botany ) 6 (1862): 77–96. [ Collected papers 2: 45–63. ] …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … weeks’. In the letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , CD acknowledged receipt of Gray’s notes …
  • … sent with the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , have not been found; however, see CD’s …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] and n.  23. Gray refers to George Howard …
  • … maculata and Herminium monorchis (see letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and nn.  8–9). …
  • … In the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , Gray had promised to send Joseph Trimble …
  • … plant, Houstonia , when completed. See also letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and n.  14. ‘Dimorphic condition in Primula ’ , pp.  95– …
  • … in the letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . The paper on which the enclosure is written is …
  • … In the letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 , Gray expressed a hope that he would be able …
  • … Beverly, Massachusetts, beginning on 10 July 1862; he apparently enclosed such specimens …
  • … with this letter (see CD’s annotations, and the letters to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] and …
  • … 9 August [1862] ). Gray sent CD observations on the pollen …
  • … and stigmas of Houstonia in the letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . See also …

From Asa Gray   29 December 1862

Summary

Encloses maize seeds.

Has heard of a butterfly with pollinia of Platanthera stuck to it.

Comments on AG’s notes ["Dimorphism in the genitalia of flowers", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 149–50].

"Precocious fertilisation".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 Dec 1862
Classmark:  DAR 109: 85, DAR 165: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3882

Matches: 22 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   29 December 1862
  • … DAR 109: 85, DAR 165: 126 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 29 Dec 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Hooker and Daniel Oliver (see letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  20–2). …
  • … See letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.   …
  • … 12, and 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  35. See n.  12, above. …
  • … genitalia of flowers", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 34 (1862): 149–50]. "Precocious fertilisation". …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent North American postage stamps for Leonard Darwin’ …
  • … to CD’s request for specimens (see letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). Gray refers to Louis Agassiz, professor of natural history …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Dec.  29, 1862 My Dear Darwin A happy New Year to you and …
  • … humour’. C.  K.  Sprengel 1793 . See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  9. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and n.  10, and A.  Gray 1862e, p.   …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 26[– 7] November [1862] and n.  12. CD enclosed this letter with …
  • … 15 January 1863] ). See letter to Asa Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] and nn.  18 and 19. …
  • … January 1863 ( Correspondence vol.  11). Letters to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and 26[– …
  • … 7] November [1862] . [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ; see letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.  7. Gray refers to a review of Max Müller 1861  in …
  • … s Magazine ([J.  Wedgwood and F.  J.  Wedgwood] 1862), which CD had recommended to him ( …
  • … see letter to Asa Gray, 23 November [1862] and n.  8). …
  • … his letter to Gray of 26[–7] November [1862], CD had expressed a fear that his extensive …

From J. D. Hooker   19 [June 1862]

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Summary

Household problems: wife’s health, visitors to Kew.

Will go to sale of J. C. Ross’s effects looking for glacial and Kerguelen Land works not at British Museum.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 [June 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 38–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3611

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   19 [June 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 38–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 19 [June 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of Maria McGilvray, died on 15 August 1862 (see ‘Hooker pedigree’ in Allan 1967 ). For CD’ …
  • … Weekly Journal of Politics, Arts and Science ( [Berkeley] 1862 ), see the letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 23 June [1862] . …
  • … Michael Joseph. [Berkeley, Miles Joseph. ] 1862. Fertilization of orchids. London Review …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … 8, below). See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . Hooker refers to John Lubbock. …
  • … Darwin was sent home from school with scarlet fever on 12 June 1862 (see letter to W.   …
  • … E. Darwin, 13 [June 1862] ). The governess has not been identified. For Hooker’s concern …
  • … about the state of his household, see the letters from J.  D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and …
  • … 9 June 1862 . Hooker had been helping CD to foster William Erasmus Darwin’s interest in …
  • … in Southampton, visit Kew (see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [5 May 1862] , letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [8  May 1862] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 9 May [1862] ). George Graeme Watson-Taylor was a British subject who owned …
  • … much publicity in Britain, and on 13 June 1862 it was the subject of a lengthy debate in …
  • … Ramsay Henslow, married Susan Wall on 9 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 (1862): 489). George Pellew was dean of Norwich. …
  • … Sarah Hawthorn of Stapleford, Cambridgeshire, on 24 June 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s. …
  • … 13 (1862): 222). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 June [1862] , n.  6. See also letter …
  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 . The polar explorer, James …
  • … in Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire on 3  April 1862; Hooker had been assistant surgeon on Ross’ …

From J. D. Hooker   [17 May 1862]

Summary

Discusses Leschenaultia, finds no stigmatic surface in the indusium.

Gives information on where to obtain paper for drying plants and where to obtain a microscope.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [17 May 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3527

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [17 May 1862] …
  • … DAR 261.11: 28 (EH 88206079) Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [17 May 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Bentham and Daniel Oliver (see letter from Daniel Oliver, 14 May 1862 , and letter from …
  • … George Bentham, 15 May 1862 , and Correspondence vol.  10, Appendix IV). See …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [18 May 1862] . …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Post Office London directory : Post-Office …
  • … of Orchids (see n.  7, below); 17 May 1862 fell on a Saturday. See letters to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 1 May [1862] , 9  …
  • … May [1862] , and …
  • … 15 [May 1862] , and letters from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [5 May 1862] and [ …
  • … 16 May 1862] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [16 May 1862] and n.  3. The diagram has been reduced to 65% of its original …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] . Hooker refers to the botanical bookseller …
  • … Thomas Ross (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 15 [May 1862] and n.  5). CD sent presentation …

From Asa Gray   10 November 1862

Summary

AG has Cypripedium to send to CD.

Civil War and English feelings.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3799

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   10 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 122 Asa Gray Cambridge, Mass. 10 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … CD’s queries about maize, included in his letter of 16 October [1862] (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 24 November 1862 ). This is a note to Hooker, to whom CD sent this letter ( …
  • … see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 24 [November 1862] ). …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge, Mass Nov.  10, 1862 Dear Darwin Here is a new stamp for L.  D. —tho’ not …
  • … most wanted for his collection (see letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862  and n.  3). …
  • … Gray refers to the November 1862 number of the American Journal of Science and Arts , …
  • … time ). In his letter to CD of 5 September 1862, Gray promised to send live roots of three …
  • … also letter from Asa Gray, 27 October 1862  and n.  3). Joseph Dalton Hooker was assistant …
  • … director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  5. Joseph Trimble Rothrock had been Gray’ …
  • … School, Harvard University, until he enlisted in the Union army in July 1862 ( DAB ). …
  • … In his letter of 4 August 1862 , Gray sent CD an abstract of Rothrock’s notes from his …
  • … Houstonia caerulea , carried out in the summer of 1862 at CD’s request. For Gray’s opinion …
  • … of Rothrock’s work, see also the letter from Asa Gray, 22 September 1862 . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 16  October [1862] . The reference is to Charles Mackay. …
  • … Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  16. Manchester was the centre of …
  • … Europe; supply reached its lowest level in 1862. In July, the Economist reported that the …
  • … be ‘very near at hand’ ( Economist , 5 July 1862, p.  729). For accounts of the Lancashire …
  • … see Arnold 1864  and Longmate 1978 . See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] . In …
  • … his letter to Gray of 16 October [1862], CD commented that the American Civil War had …

From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants and the occurrence of "precocious fertilisation" in the bud.

Gives some comments on design in nature in the light of the translator’s commentary in the French edition of the Origin.

Reports the recent events of the Civil War.

[Note on verso of envelope:] Utricularia vulgaris is "about as neatly contrived for cross-fertilisation by insects as almost any orchid".

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  2-3 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3637

Matches: 30 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   2–3 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 110a, 112–12a Asa Gray unstated 2-3 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Cambridge, Mass. ] July 2, 1862. My dear Darwin. Many thanks for your long and interesting …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . Gray refers to Leonard Darwin. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD requested Gray’s assistance in procuring …
  • … pleasure’ in Gray’s letters (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] ). It is evident from CD’s …
  • … of the country stopped for years to come’ ( Spectator , 7 June 1862). The Internal …
  • … Revenue Act was passed on 1 July 1862. The legislation introduced taxes on alcohol and …
  • … peninsula campaign between 25 June and 1 July 1862, which claimed 30,000 casualties. The …
  • … Oxford University Press. Meehan, Thomas. 1862. On the uniformity of relative characters …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Origin : On the origin of species by means …
  • … letter ( letter to Asa Gray, 23[–4] July [1862] ) that Gray had sent with it ‘a bundle of …
  • … Darwin Pamphlet Collection–CUL.  See also letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.   …
  • … 16, and letter to Asa Gray, 28 July [1862] . Gray’s father-in-law, Charles Greely Loring, …
  • … 80). In the letter from Asa Gray, 6  March [1862] , Gray had agreed to assist CD with his …
  • … See also letter from Asa Gray, [late June 1862] and n.  4. Gray had told CD that Mitchella …
  • … in the letter from Asa Gray, [2 June 1862] . Joseph Trimble Rothrock was one of Gray’s …
  • … recommended to CD in his letter of 6 March [1862] ; Rothrock’s observations on Houstonia …
  • … caerulea are included in the letter from Asa Gray, 4 August 1862 . …
  • … Meehan 1862 . Thomas Meehan had sent CD a copy of his paper, which described …
  • … each other and under similar conditions (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ). See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . A summary of Meehan’s findings is given in …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD discussed the occurrence in several …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD asked Gray to observe the behaviour of …
  • … s observations on Specularia , see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . Royer …
  • … trans.  1862. See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As president of the Linnean Society of …
  • … the society’s anniversary address on 24 May 1862 (Bentham 1862b). Bentham concluded that …
  • … 8). See letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] . As Gray was over 50, he was too old for …

From Asa Gray   24 November 1862

Summary

Gives reference to his observations on tendrils [Proc. Am. Acad. Arts & Sci. 4: 98–9].

Notes cases in which the pollen of the fertilising plant affects the form of the fruit of the fertilised plant, e.g., gourds and maize.

Discusses the Civil War and the attitudes of the English press.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3823

Matches: 23 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   24 November 1862
  • … DAR 165: 124 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 24 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Paris and Turin. Cairnes, John Elliot. 1862. The slave power: its character, career, & …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] . …
  • … Since June 1862, Gray had regularly sent Leonard Darwin North American postage stamps for …
  • … his collection. Max Müller 1861 . See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  3. …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 4 and 13 October 1862 , and letter to …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] . See …
  • … letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  7. …
  • … Gray refers to volume 1 of Colenso 1862–79 , and to the review …
  • … to the postscript, now missing, to his letter of 10 November 1862 (see letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 26[–7] November [1862] ). Gray refers to the American botanist Francis Boott, who …
  • … Parker, Son, & Bourn. Colenso, John William. 1862–79. The Pentateuch and Book of Joshua …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] Nov.  24, 1862. My Dear Darwin. As another peculiar stamp is …
  • … published in the Athenæum , 1 November  1862, pp.  553–4. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 16 October [1862] and n.  15. Gray refers to the American Civil …
  • … was the author of The slave power ( Cairnes 1862 ), which made a great impression in both …
  • … in the American Civil War, a copy of one of which Gray had sent to CD earlier in 1862 ( …
  • … Mill 1862; see letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] and n.  8). …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and n.  8. James Fenimore Cooper. Cooperstown is …
  • … pp.  4–5). Jane Loring Gray. See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  9 and 10. …
  • … See letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] and nn.  17 and 21. CD’s annotated copy of the …

From J. D. Hooker   [before 29 December 1862]

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Summary

Comments on items in the Saturday Review and the Edinburgh Review.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 29 Dec 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 101: 85
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3879F

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   [before 29 December 1862] …
  • … DAR 101: 85 Joseph Dalton Hooker [before 29 Dec 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … as a ‘true miracle’. [G.  D.   Campbell] 1862  reviewed Orchids in conjunction with five …
  • … Bibliography [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] …
  • … the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. [Parker, …
  • … Henry. ] 1862. The Edinburgh review on the …
  • … supernatural. Saturday Review , 15 November 1862, pp. 589–90. …
  • … the Saturday Review containing [Parker] 1862 (see n.  3, below). It is not known whether …
  • … to a letter which has not been found (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] ). …
  • … Hooker refers to [Parker] 1862 , published in the Saturday …
  • … Review on 15 November 1862, which criticised the views advanced by George Douglas …
  • … nature in its narrower sense’ ( [Parker] 1862 , p.  590). He asserted that God’s ‘coming …
  • … duke of Argyll, in [G.  D.  Campbell] 1862 . It is not known when CD sent Hooker the …
  • … but see the letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 29 [December 1862] , and the letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [31 December 1862] . In his article, Argyll argued that miracles were not …

From J. D. Hooker   7 November 1862

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Summary

JDH admits he wrote Gardeners’ Chronicle and Natural History Review articles on orchids [Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6].

JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was repopulated. Temperate Greenland has as Arctic a flora as Arctic Greenland – a fact of astounding force. Why should certain Scandinavian species be absent? Migration by sea-currents can no more account for the present distribution in Greenland than can special creation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Nov 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3797

Matches: 24 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   7 November 1862
  • … DAR 101: 68–9, 73–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Nov 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … this letter is given by CD’s reply ( letter to J.  D.  Hooker, [10–]12 November [1862] ). …
  • … History Review articles on orchids [ Gard. Chron. (1862): 789–90, 863, 910; Nat. Hist. …
  • … Rev. n.s. 2 (1862): 371–6]. JDH’s objections to CD’s idea of how Greenland was …
  • … In his letter of 3 November [1862] , CD asked Hooker whether he was the author of the …
  • … Agricultural Gazette in August and September 1862 ([J.  D. Hooker] 1862c). John Lindley, …
  • … letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 . The references are to John Lubbock and Karl …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  8. Some indication of the content …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Sheets-Pyenson, Susan. 1992. Index to the …
  • … letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  5. Disko Island and Disko Bay are on …
  • … See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 27 [October 1862] and n.  6. The reference is to the orchid …
  • … hirsutissimum (see letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and n.  7. Henry Christy and Edouard Amant Isidore Hippolyte …
  • … valley caves in the Dordogne ( DNB ). Their 1862 itinerary has not been identified. See …
  • … have been written by Daniel Oliver (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Daniel Oliver, 13 October [1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Hooker refers to an error in J.  D.  Hooker 1844–7 , p.   …
  • … John William Dawson. See letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 2 November 1862 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] . Dawson was principal of McGill University, Montreal. …
  • … Naturalist and Geologist for October 1862 (Dawson 1862b); a version of this review may …
  • … in a letter to Asa Gray of 19 September 1862 that is at the Gray Herbarium of Harvard …
  • … to Hooker with his own letter of 15 October 1862 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Asa Gray …
  • … this winter. ’ See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 4 November [1862] and nn.   5 and 6. See …

From Asa Gray   4 August 1862

Summary

Gives J. T. Rothrock’s observations on the structure and fertility of the two forms of Houstonia. Mentions his own observations on Rhexia virginica and Gymnadenia tridentata.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1862
Classmark:  DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3679

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   4 August 1862
  • … DAR 110 (ser. 2): 67–9 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 4 Aug 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] . Leonard Darwin was suffering …
  • … from scarlet fever (see letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). …
  • … Cambridge. [Massachusetts] 4 th . August, 1862 My Dear Darwin My pupil, Rothrock, now away …
  • … the two forms in his letter of [2 June 1862] , and subsequently promised to send further …
  • … Rothrock (see letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). CD included Rothrock’s observations …
  • … fertilised if insects were excluded (see letter to Asa Gray, 21 April [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … See also letters to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and …
  • … 1 July [1862] . In …
  • … the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to watch how the anthers and …
  • … in July (see letter from Asa Gray, 29 July 1862 ); for Gray’s further observations on the …
  • … species, see the letter from Asa Gray, 18–19 August 1862 . …
  • … 132, 254. In his letter to CD of 15 July [1862], Gray mentioned that Rothrock found only …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , CD asked Gray to help him in his …
  • … to do so in the summer (see letter to Asa Gray, 16 February [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 6 March [1862] ), but experienced difficulties in obtaining specimens (see …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 2–3 July 1862 ). Meanwhile, CD informed Gray that he was making a …
  • … from the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (see letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] and n.   …
  • … 10, and letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] and n.  13). …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 15 March [1862] , CD asked Gray to compare the position of the …

From G. C. Oxenden   4 June [1862]

Summary

Sends orchids.

Author:  George Chichester Oxenden
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 June [1862]
Classmark:  DAR 173.2: 53
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3589

Matches: 17 hits

  • … From G.  C.  Oxenden   4 June [1862] …
  • … 173.2: 53 George Chichester Oxenden Broome Canterbury 4 June [1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 31  May [1862] ). The orchid Neottia nidus-avis is commonly …
  • … notes on this species, dated 17 and 21 May 1862, in DAR 70: 73–4. CD later reported these …
  • … by the relationship to the letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862] and …
  • … 30 May [1862] . In …
  • … his letters to CD of 26 May 1862 and …
  • … 30 May [1862], Oxenden had offered to send CD specimens of the lizard orchis, Orchis …
  • … hircina ; see also letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 31 May [1862] . CD’s notes …
  • … these specimens, dated 6 and 10 June 1862, are in DAR 70: 27–9. CD acknowledged Oxenden’s …
  • … 4. See letter from G.  C.  Oxenden, 15 May 1862 and n.  3. Oxenden had asked CD to provide …
  • … of Malaxis paludosa , the bog orchis (see letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, 26 May 1862  and …
  • … 30 May [1862] ; see also letter to W.   …
  • … E.  Darwin, [31 May 1862] ). Oxenden had sent CD a specimen of Monotropa hypopitys , the …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … this specimen has been found. See letters from G.  C.  Oxenden, [before 30 May 1862] and …
  • … 30 May [1862] . Oxenden refers to the species that CD called Gymnadenia albida in …

From M. S. Wedgwood   [6 August 1862]

Summary

Looked for Hottonia but with little success.

Author:  Margaret Susan Wedgwood; Margaret Susan Vaughan Williams
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [6 Aug 1862]
Classmark:  DAR 181
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3674

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From M.  S.  Wedgwood   [6 August 1862] …
  • … Wedgwood/Margaret Susan Vaughan Williams Shrewsbury [6 Aug 1862] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to K.  E.  S. , L.  C. , and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] , and to CD’s notes …
  • … on Hottonia of 8 August 1862 (see n.  2, …
  • … intervening Wednesday fell on 6 August 1862. Having learned from Charles Cardale Babington …
  • … see letter from C.  C.  Babington, 17 January 1862), CD had been anxious to see flowers of …
  • … see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [2–3 August 1862] and n.  10). The Darwins intended taking a …
  • … coast, near Southampton (see letter to W.  E.  Darwin, [24 July 1862] , and letter to H.   …
  • … C.  Watson, 8 [August 1862]). …
  • … C. , and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862] , CD stated his intention to write a further …
  • … from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [before 4 August 1862], in ‘Three forms of Lythrum salicaria ’ , …
  • … see letter from W.  E.  Darwin, 5 August 1862 ). Following their holiday in North Wales ( …
  • … letter from M.  S.  Wedgwood, [before 4 August 1862]), Margaret and her sisters (Katherine …
  • … in his letter to K.  E.  S. , L.  C.  and M.  S.  Wedgwood, 4 [August 1862]. CD’s notes on …
  • … the flowers sent with this letter, dated 8 August 1862, are in DAR 110: 16 (see …
  • … also letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ). CD later gave a copy of his observations to …

From Asa Gray   21 July 1862

Summary

Encloses stamps for Leonard Darwin.

Author:  Asa Gray
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  21 July 1862
Classmark:  DAR 165: 114
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3661

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From Asa Gray   21 July 1862
  • … DAR 165: 114 Asa Gray Cambridge Mass. 21 July 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … and on the good effects of intercrossing. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. …
  • … Cambridge [Massachusetts] 21. July 1862. My Dear Darwin The enclosed I trust will please …
  • … agent (see letter to Nicholas Trübner, 23 June [1862] ). Orchids was offered for sale at a …
  • … retail price of 9 s. ( Publishers’ Circular 35 (1862): 247). …
  • … See letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] and n.  13. …
  • … In the letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , CD had told Gray that Leonard Darwin was …
  • … In his letter to Gray of 1 July [1862], CD complained that he had felt ‘baddish for 2 or …
  • … 3 weeks’. See letter to Asa Gray, 1 July [1862] , and letter from …
  • … Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . At Gray’s request, CD had arranged for John Murray to send …
  • … of Science and Arts (A.  Gray 1862a; see letter from Asa Gray, 18 May 1862 , letter to Asa …
  • … Gray, 10–20 June [1862] , and letters to …
  • … John Murray, 13 June [1862] and …
  • … 20 [June 1862] ). Gray apparently wrote ‘1 st part’ in error; he had sent CD a copy of his …
  • … with the letter from Asa Gray, 15 July [1862] . The illustrations were used in Gray’s …

From J. D. Hooker   16 September 1862

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Summary

Wife’s health better.

Visited Duke of Argyll.

Thanks CD for Cruciferae diagram; will ponder it.

Staggered by complexity of Welwitschia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Sept 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 56–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3725

Matches: 21 hits

  • … From J.  D.  Hooker   16 September 1862
  • … DAR 101: 56–7 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 16 Sept 1862 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Joseph. [Campbell, George Douglas. ] 1862. [Review of Orchids and other works. ] Edinburgh …
  • … The Hookers had left Kew for Scotland on 23 August 1862 (see letter from J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] ). See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] and n.  8. Frances Harriet Hooker had been ill for …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 June 1862 ). Staffa is an uninhabited island, in the …
  • … on Herring , p.  145). In their report of 1862, the commissioners rejected the claims …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1862. Report of the Royal Commission on Herring : …
  • … entitled ‘The supernatural’ that appeared in the Edinburgh Review for October 1862 ( [G.   …
  • … D.  Campbell] 1862 ). There is a copy of Argyll’s review in the Darwin Pamphlet …
  • … board HMS Erebus . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 11 September [1862] . The reference has not been traced. Hooker was preparing …
  • … see letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 20 August 1862 ). Daniel Oliver was an assistant in the …
  • … See also letter from Daniel Oliver, 4 September 1862 . Hooker refers to the wedding of …
  • … Hooker, to James Campbell, in Glasgow on 4 September 1862 ( Gentleman’s Magazine n.s.   …
  • … 13 ( 1862): 488). Hooker spent most of his childhood in Glasgow, where from 1820, his …
  • … the university ( Allan 1967 ). See also letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [26–31 August 1862] . …
  • … In 1862, the British Association for the Advancement of Science held its annual meeting in …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [12 October 1862] ). Catherine and George Downing Liveing. …
  • … Scotland between 8 August and 16 September 1862, in his capacity as a member of the Royal …
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Darwin in letters, 1862: A multiplicity of experiments

Summary

1862 was a particularly productive year for Darwin. This was not only the case in his published output (two botanical papers and a book on the pollination mechanisms of orchids), but more particularly in the extent and breadth of the botanical experiments…

Matches: 28 hits

  • … As the sheer volume of his correspondence indicates, 1862 was a particularly productive year for …
  • … be so’ ( letter from J. D. Hooker, [15 and] 20 November [1862] ). I have not the least …
  • … him from this view ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 14 [January 1862] ): 'no doubt you are right …
  • … Huxley replied ( letter from T. H. Huxley, 20 January 1862 ): 'I entertain no doubt that …
  • … but continued ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 18 December [1862] ): 'you say the answer to …
  • … but complained ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1862] ): 'To get the degree of …
  • … him the commission ( see letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ). Darwin was altogether taken …
  • … is no common man’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] ). Two sexual forms: …
  • … with his study of  Primula  and escalated throughout 1862 as he searched for other cases of …
  • … 1861, and was published in the society’s journal in March 1862. The paper described the two …
  • … in almost daily’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). In a postscript, he mentioned his work …
  • … telling Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 7 March [1862] ): ‘I am nearly sure that daylight is …
  • … great’, he told Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 10–20 June [1862] ), ‘I have lately counted one by one …
  • …  labour over them’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 [October 1862] ; see ML 2: 292–3). Other …
  • … of dimorphism’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 12 [April 1862] ), and experimenting to test his …
  • … sets of experiments’ ( letter to M. T. Masters, 24 July [1862] ). The materials that Darwin …
  • …  case he determined to experiment on  Linum  in 1862. Soon he was enthralled, especially by the …
  • … be generically distinct’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1862] ). The case was so good that he …
  • … Linum  ‘at once’ ( letter to John Scott, 11 December [1862] ), writing up his experiments in …
  • … complex case—’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 29 [July 1862] ). The three forms had different lengths …
  • … who exclaimed to Gray ( letter to Asa Gray, 9 August [1862] ), ‘I am almost stark staring mad over …
  • … the Linnean Society ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 October [1862] ). However, it was not until 1864 …
  • … pleasure to ride’ ( letter to Asa Gray, 22 January [1862] ). But he worried about the resulting …
  • … the Book will sell’ ( letter to John Murray, 9 [February 1862] ). To his son, William, his …
  • … every  flower’ ( letter to Daniel Oliver, 8 June [1862] ). I never before felt half so …
  • … he told Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 15 [May 1862] ). But he did not have long to wait. ‘It is …
  • … it ‘most valuable’ (letter from George Bentham, 15 May 1862).  Orchids  was published on 15 May, …
  • … all, ‘a success’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 30 [June 1862] ). a flank-movement on the …

Origin: the lost changes for the second German edition

Summary

Darwin sent a list of changes made uniquely to the second German edition of Origin to its translator, Heinrich Georg Bronn.  That lost list is recreated here.

Matches: 5 hits

  • … In March 1862, Heinrich Georg Bronn wrote to Darwin stating his intention to prepare a …
  • … edition (see letter from H. G. Bronn, [before 11 March 1862] ). Since the publication of the …
  • … of importance’ (see letter to H. G. Bronn, 11 March [1862] ). Darwin had sent Bronn some of these …
  • … in the new edition; in his letter to Bronn of 25 April [1862 ], he mentioned that he was sending …
  • … from E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 11 July 1862 ). (No American edition incorporating …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 8 hits

  • … in the mud. BEGINNING OF WAR IN AMERICA: 1861-1862 In which the start of the American …
  • … cause. Tension.   THE DARWIN BOYS: 1862 In which Darwin reports one …
  • … 1856 33  C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, 14 MARCH 1862 34  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, …
  • … 1861 115 A GRAY TO CHARLES WRIGHT, 17 APRIL 1862 116 A GRAY TO RW CHURCH 7 MAY …
  • … 10 JUNE 1861 121  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 MARCH 1862 122  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 16 DEC 1861 124 A GRAY TO ENGELMANN, 20 FEB 1862 125  A GRAY TO C DARWIN, 31 …
  • … 7 JULY 1863 152 C DARWIN TO JD HOOKER, DECEMBER 1862 153  JD HOOKER TO C …
  • … 1861 163  C Darwin TO A Gray, 16 OCTOBER 1862 164  C Darwin TO ASA GRAY, …

Darwin’s hothouse and lists of hothouse plants

Summary

Darwin became increasingly involved in botanical experiments in the years after the publication of Origin. The building of a small hothouse - a heated greenhouse - early in 1863  greatly increased the range of plants that he could keep for scientific…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Towards the end of 1862, Darwin resolved to build a small hothouse at Down House, for …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 24 December [1862] , and volume 10, letter to Thomas Rivers, …
  • … a construction suitable for tropical plants. In 1861 and 1862, while preparing  Orchids , he was …
  • …  vol. 10, letter to J. D. Hooker, 12 [December 1862] and n. 13). Initially, Darwin purchased for …
  • … over the previous two years. In a letter of 24 December [1862] ( Correspondence  vol. 10) …
  • … Kent ( Post Office directory of the six home counties  1862). 3.  Asclepias curassavica. …

Evolution: Selected Letters of Charles Darwin 1860-1870

Summary

This selection of Charles Darwin’s letters includes correspondence with his friends and scientific colleagues around the world; letters by the critics who tried to stamp out his ideas, and by admirers who helped them to spread. It takes up the story of…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … towards your doctrines … Huxley to Darwin, 1862. I cannot bear the thought …
  • … … Darwin to Asa Gray, in Boston, Mass., 1862. I have been greatly …

Clémence Auguste Royer

Summary

Getting Origin translated into French was harder than Darwin had expected. The first translator he approached, Madame Belloc, turned him down on the grounds that the content was ‘too scientific‘, and then in 1860 the French political exile  Pierre…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … her translation of Origin. First published in 1862, Royer’s translation of …
  • … “I received 2 or 3 days ago”, he told Asa Gray in 1862 , “a French Translation of the Origin by a …
  • … criticisms of her work always made reference to her sex. In 1862, Edouard Claparede wrote to …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Letter 3787 - Darwin, H. E. to Darwin, [29 October 1862] Henrietta Darwin provides …
  • … Letter 3634 - Darwin to Gray, A., [1 July 1862] Darwin tells American naturalist Asa …
  • … 3681  - Wedgwood, M. S. to Darwin, [before 4 August 1862] Darwin’s niece, Margaret, …
  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March, 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …
  • …  - Darwin to Wedgwood, K. E. S, M. S. & L. C., [4 August 1862] Darwin thanks his “angel …

Floral Dimorphism

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Floral studies In 1877 Darwin published a book that included a series of smaller studies on botanical subjects. Titled The different forms of flowers on plants of the same species, it consisted primarily of…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 3468 - Darwin to JD Hooker, 7 March 1862 Darwin wishes he could sympathize with Asa …
  • … Letter 3515 - Daniel Oliver to Darwin, 23 April 1862 Daniel Oliver, an assistant under …
  • … Letter 3757 - Joseph Dalton Hooker to Darwin, 12 October 1862 J. D. Hooker writes to …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 1 October [1861] To Charles Lyell, 1 April [1862] To Charles Lyell, 14 October …

Have you read the one about....

Summary

... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some serious - but all letters you can read here.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ... the atheistical cats, or the old fogies in Cambridge? We've suggested a few - some funny, some …

Orchids

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment A project to follow On the Origin of Species Darwin began to observe English orchids and collect specimens from abroad in the years immediately following the publication of On the Origin of Species. Examining…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … SOURCES Books Darwin, Charles 1862. On the various contrivances by which …
  • … 3421 —Charles Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker 30 January 1862 Darwin tells Hooker about a …
  • … Letter 3662 —Charles Darwin to Asa Gray 23-4 July 1862 Darwin tells Asa Gray, a professor …
  • … Darwin’s work with orchids and Chapter 1 of Darwin’s 1862 book On the various …

Dining at Down House

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Dining, Digestion, and Darwin's Domestic Life While Darwin is best remembered for his scientific accomplishments, he greatly valued and was strongly influenced by his domestic life. Darwin's…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 3626 —Emma Darwin to T. G. Appleton, 28 June [1862] Here Emma writes on her husband’s …
  • … Letter 3597 —Darwin to Joseph Dalton Hooker, 11 June [1862] Among bits of family news and …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … on  Verbascum.  Darwin had suggested to Scott in 1862, when Scott was working at the Royal Botanic …
  • … vol. 10, letter to John Scott, 19 November [1862] ). Darwin had already written to Hooker of …
  • … disturbing the serenity of the Christian world’ (Brewster 1862, p. 3). John Hutton Balfour, though …
  • …  vol. 10, letter from J. H. Balfour, 14 January 1862 ). According to Hooker, Balfour’s prejudice …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … all of their education in the home, although he noted in 1862 that his fifteen-year-old daughter …
  • … her own wish’ (Darwin to his son William,  30 [October 1862] ). Darwin frequently discussed the …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … lady”. Darwin, E. to Darwin, W. E. , (March 1862 - DAR 219.1:49) Emma Darwin …

Sexual selection

Summary

Although natural selection could explain the differences between species, Darwin realised that (other than in the reproductive organs themselves) it could not explain the often marked differences between the males and females of the same species.  So what…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … the Lords' ( to J. D. Hooker, 25 [and 26] January [1862] ) In 1869, Darwin …

Darwin in letters, 1864: Failing health

Summary

On receiving a photograph from Charles Darwin, the American botanist Asa Gray wrote on 11 July 1864: ‘the venerable beard gives the look of your having suffered, and … of having grown older’.  Because of poor health, Because of poor health, Darwin…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … thus completing the work he had started on the genus in 1862. His varied botanical observations and …
  • … act. In his ongoing quest to confirm the statement in his 1862 book on orchids that nature ‘abhors …
  • … Scott, a gardener at the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, in 1862 with a letter regarding the …
  • … and Book of Joshua critically examined  (Colenso 1862–79). After reading extracts from Colenso’s …
  • … Correspondence vol. 10, letter to Asa Gray, 6 November [1862] ). A declaration that Erasmus …

Science: A Man’s World?

Summary

Discussion Questions|Letters Darwin's correspondence show that many nineteenth-century women participated in the world of science, be it as experimenters, observers, editors, critics, producers, or consumers. Despite this, much of the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 3715 - Claparède, J. L. R. A. E. to Darwin, [6 September 1862] Claparède acknowledges …

Insectivorous Plants

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Plants that consume insects Darwin began his work with insectivorous plants in the mid 1860s, though his findings would not be published until 1875. In his autobiography Darwin reflected on the delay that…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 3853 - Charles Darwin to John Scott, 11 December 1862 This is a lengthy letter …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … with Owen when it became clear that Owen’s November 1862 description of the recently discovered  …
  • … work on mimicry in butterflies, which had been published in 1862 (see  Correspondence  vol. 10). …
  • … to the Philosophical Institute of Canterbury in September 1862 ( see letter to Julius von Haast, 22 …
  • … men, given at the Museum of Practical Geology at the end of 1862, and published as a book in early …
  • … that had already occupied much of his time in 1861 and 1862. With the publication in 1862 of his …
  • … a question he had been struggling with in 1861 and 1862; he wanted to determine experimentally …
  • … Edinburgh, had initiated the correspondence in November 1862 with a letter correcting Darwin’s …
  • … ( see letter to Asa Gray, 23 February [1863] , and Loring 1862). However, his tolerance of Gray’s …
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