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To James Paget   19 December [1858]

Summary

Asks JP to remember him if anything occurs to him "in regard to inheritance at corresponding or rather earlier ages". Sends JP a few examples for his "Chronometry of life". CD is sure he often met with striking facts but he disregarded them. "Deviations alone would have struck me."

Effects of different climates on breeding periods.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Paget, 1st baronet
Date:  19 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.5703/28)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5314

Matches: 8 hits

  • … London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. Paget, James. 1859. On the chronometry of …
  • … life. [Read 8 April 1859. ] Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain 3 (1858– …
  • … to James Paget, [15 October – 19 November 1859] ( Correspondence vol.  7). It is not known …
  • … chapter of the first volume in early 1859 (see CD’s reading notebooks ( Correspondence …
  • … vol.  7, letter to James Paget, [15 October – 19 November 1859] . Paget delivered …
  • … his lecture ‘On the chronometry of life’ ( Paget 1859 ) at the Royal Institution of …
  • … Great Britain on 8 April 1859. The lecture was intended ‘to illustrate the law that the …
  • … of material employed in them’ ( Paget 1859 , p.  117). A heavily annotated copy of William …

From J. D. Hooker   22 December 1858

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Summary

Would appreciate loan of CD’s chapter on transmigration across tropics, which may help with the difficulties of Australian distribution.

Still regards plant types as older than animal types.

The Cape of Good Hope and Australian temperate floras cannot be connected by the highlands of Abyssinia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 128–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2382

Matches: 8 hits

  • … Hooker 1859 . The Indian …
  • … in tropical Australia are listed in Hooker 1859 , pp. xlii–xlix. The problem of their …
  • … during a former cold period in Hooker 1859 . Hooker eventually decided that the waves of …
  • … could not have been simultaneous. See Hooker 1859 , pp. cii–cv. Jukes 1850 , pp.   …
  • … Joseph Beete Jukes’s work in Hooker 1859 , pp. c–ci. Hooker refers to CD’s anonymous …
  • … features of the Australian flora are discussed in Hooker 1859 , pp. xcii–xciv. Hooker …
  • … refers to the families Restionaceae and Thymelaeaceae. See Hooker 1859 , p. civ. …
  • … the fossil flora of Australia in Hooker 1859 , pp. c–ci. He noted the problematic ‘hiatus …

From John Innes   9 January [1858–9]

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Summary

Sends record of pigeon flight from London to Antwerp. [Lord W. Lennox, Merrie England (1857), p. 185.]

Author:  John Brodie Innes
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Jan [1858-9]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 242
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13818

Matches: 4 hits

  • … DAR 205.2: 242 John Brodie Innes Downe 9 Jan 1858 9 Jan 1859 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … he investigated from the autumn of 1857 to 1859. The publication date of Lennox 1858 (see …
  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1859). CD was the treasurer of the Down Coal and …

To the Secretary, Royal Society   28 September 1858

Summary

Recommends W. B. Carpenter’s latest part of memoir on Foraminifera be published in Philosophical Transactions [R. Soc. Lond. 149 (1859): 1–41].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Society of London
Date:  28 Sept 1858
Classmark:  The Royal Society (RR3: 41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2330

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Foraminifera be published in Philosophical Transactions [ R. Soc. Lond. 149 (1859): 1–41]. …
  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1859. Researches on the Foraminifera. Pt 3. On …
  • … researches on the Foraminifera ( Carpenter 1859 ), which had been read at a meeting of the …

To John Lubbock   [August–September 1858]

Summary

Variations in the structure of Pelargonium flowers.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Aug–Sept 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 24 (EH 88206473)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2390

Matches: 4 hits

  • … ova and pseudova of insects ( Lubbock 1859 ). The paper was received by the Royal Society …
  • … Although the letter is endorsed ‘1859’, it seems more likely that it was written in the …
  • … Bibliography Lubbock, John. 1859. On the ova and pseudova of Insects. Philosophical …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Swammerdam, Jan. 1758. The book of nature; …

To W. E. Darwin   6 October [1858]

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Summary

Sends £20. Family news.

Answers WED’s questions about CD’s Journal of researches: Galapagos "productions" all came from America, but "they have since been modified by my principle of Natural Selection".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  6 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A19–21
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2334

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Post Office directory of the six home counties 1859). Oliver W.  Lloyd lived in Petley’s …
  • … transcribed as Veil); she died in February 1859, aged 75 ( London Church of England parish …
  • … from Emma Darwin to William. In February 1859, she wrote, ‘Mrs Peters’ mother is dead so I …
  • … Post Office directory of the six home counties 1859. Emma reported in 1860 that the Peters …

To J. D. Hooker   31 December [1858]

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Summary

Replies at length to JDH’s worried reaction to his comments on lowness of Australian plants. CD distinguishes between "competitive highness", i.e., which fauna would be exterminated and which survive if two faunas were placed in competition, and ordinary "highness" of classification.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  31 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 35
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2388

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1855 , 2: 1321. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, 3 May [1859] . Gärtner 1844 , p.  104. …
  • … date was subsequently deleted and ‘Jan 1 1859’ added in pencil by CD. The draft is also …
  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … essay on the flora of Australia ( Hooker 1859 ,p. civ). CD marked the passage in his …
  • … in his introductory essay ( Hooker 1859 , pp. cv–cvi), in which the points brought up here …

To J. D. Hooker   24–5 November [1858]

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Summary

Praises JDH’s Australian introduction.

Disputes JDH’s emphasis on SE. and SW. Australian flora.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24–5 Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 255
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2371

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of favoured races in the struggle for life. By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. …
  • … was preparing an introductory essay ( Hooker 1859 ) for his flora of Tasmania (see letters …
  • … and the rest of the globe’ ( Hooker 1859 , p. xxviii). CD had discussed this question with …
  • … in his introductory essay ( Hooker 1859 ,pp. xvii–xix and cii–civ). Hooker postulated the …
  • … and annotated these pages in his copy of Hooker 1859 (Darwin Library–CUL). See letter from …

To John Lubbock   [November 1858]

Summary

Praise for abstract of JL’s paper on insects ["On the ova and pseudova of insects", Proc. R. Soc. Lond. 9 (1857–9): 574–83].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  [Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 25 (EH 88206474)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2331

Matches: 4 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Lubbock, John. 1859. On the ova and pseudova of Insects. …
  • … Lubbock. Lubbock read the paper ( Lubbock 1859 ) at a meeting of the Royal Society on 9  …
  • … of the Royal Society of London ( Lubbock 1859 ), with a historical account of the recent …
  • … see letter to J.  W. Lubbock, 2 April [1859] ). Joseph Parslow was the Darwins’ butler. …

To the Secretary, Royal Society   5 March 1858

Summary

C. P. Smyth’s observations on geology and natural history of Tenerife are not precise enough to warrant publication in Philosophical Transactions. Suggests CPS draw up an abstract, for the Proceedings, of specific points actually observed, rather than conclusions arrived at on insufficient grounds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Society of London
Date:  5 Mar 1858
Classmark:  The Royal Society (RR3: 255)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2234

Matches: 3 hits

  • … on the dragon-tree in Smyth 1860  and those on the fossils of Tenerife in Smyth 1859 . …
  • … Bibliography Smyth, Charles Piazzi. 1859. Teneriffe fossils and Sir …
  • … in the Philosophical Magazine for July 1859. Philosophical Magazine 18: 127–8. Smyth, …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Summary

Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

Matches: 3 hits

  • … printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)]. Now explains greater abundance of …
  • … with a different title page as Hooker 1859 (see Wiltshear 1913 ). CD’s an-notated copy of …
  • … the ‘refrigeration doctrine’ in Hooker 1859 . CD proposed that temperate plants had …

To T. H. Huxley   1 December [1858]

Summary

Has had some misgivings about the memorial but now thinks his fears were vain and cowardly. Regrets R. I. Murchison was not told in advance. His low opinion of the Government and B. Disraeli.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  1 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 250)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2376

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Benjamin Disraeli was chancellor of the exchequer from February 1858 to June 1859. …

From J. D. Hooker   [20 November 1858]

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Summary

At work on the introductory essay to Flora Tasmaniae.

Discusses the effects of climate and geography on "vegetable strife".

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [20 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 50: E1–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2367

Matches: 2 hits

  • … D. Hooker, [23 November 1858] ). Hooker 1859 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 14 November [ …
  • … Hooker considered this question in Hooker 1859 , pp. liii–lv. In CD’s copy of the work ( …

From H. C. Watson   3 January 1858

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Summary

Discusses the ranges and distribution of varieties relative to the type species.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Jan 1858
Classmark:  DAR 98: A19–20
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2199

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Watson 1847–59  was published in 1859. CD’s copies of all four volumes, presented to …
  • … CD. See also letter to J.  D. Hooker, [26 May 1859] . It is possible that Watson added a …

To W. E. Darwin   [9 December 1858]

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Summary

Approves of WED’s moving into CD’s old rooms [at Christ’s College]. Gives fatherly advice on Cambridge’s temptation to idleness. Christmas plans.

Health poor of late.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [9 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 92: A18, A25–8
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2379

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Office directory of the six home counties 1859, the magistrates’ meetings for the Bromley …
  • … surgeons in Bromley High Street ( Post Office directory of the six home counties 1859). …

From J. D. Hooker and Charles Lyell to the Linnean Society   30 June 1858

Summary

Communicate papers by CD and A. R. Wallace on "The Laws which affect the Production of Varieties, Races, and Species". Explain that CD and Wallace have, independently and unknown to each other, arrived at the same theory to account for the appearance and perpetuation of specific forms, and that neither has yet published, although CD first sketched his theory in 1839. Give their reasons for arranging the joint presentation.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker; Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Linnean Society
Date:  30 June 1858
Classmark:  Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 3 (1859): 45–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2299

Matches: 1 hit

  • … of the Linnean Society (Zoology) 3 (1859): 45–6 Joseph Dalton Hooker Charles Lyell, 1st …

To Roderick Impey Murchison   19 June [1858]

Summary

There is much weight in what RIM says about not breaking up the natural history collection of the British Museum. The botanical collection might be moved to Kew, but CD thinks "it would be the greatest evil which could possibly happen to natural science in this country if the other collections were ever to be removed from the British Museum and Library".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Roderick Impey Murchison, 1st baronet
Date:  19 June [1858]
Classmark:  ML 1: 109–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2286

Matches: 2 hits

  • … The letter was published in 1859 by Roderick Impey Murchison as part of his campaign to …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker,30 March 1859 . The date as given by Francis Darwin . It is …

To Asa Gray   11 August [1858]

Summary

Species migration since the Pliocene. Effect of the glacial epoch. Present geographical distribution, especially similarities of mountain floras, explained by such migration; mountain summits as remnants of a once continuous flora and fauna.

Cross-fertilisation in Fumariaceae.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  11 Aug [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University (42 and 9a)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2321

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 May [1859] . See letter from Asa Gray, 21 June 1858  and …
  • … Read 14 December 1858 and 11 January 1859. ] Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Variation : The variation of animals and …

To Walter Elliot   12 December [1858]

Summary

Thanks WE for an oriental treatise on pigeons, a paper on poultry, and specimens.

Asks about stripes on shoulders and legs of horses and donkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Walter Elliot
Date:  12 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.162)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2380

Matches: 2 hits

  • … s election to the Linnean Society in January 1859 (see n.  7, below). Elliot’s letter has …
  • … of the Linnean Society on 20 January 1859 ( Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean …

To J. D. Hooker   3 December [1858]

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Summary

Examining JDH’s list. CD struck by how many plants are common to Europe, S. America, and Australia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  3 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 256
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2377

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter). He did not go to Moor Park again until 5 February 1859 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). …
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The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … hopes.— (letter to Charles Lyell,  25 [November 1859] ) The year 1858 opened with …
  • … the writing of this ‘abstract’ continued until March 1859; the resulting volume was published in …
  • … instinct the previous March. By the middle of March 1859, Darwin had finished the last …
  • … upon Lyell for advice (letter to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of …
  • … plan of his book (see letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 …
  • … the forthcoming book (letter to Charles Lyell, 30 March [1859] ). Darwin next considered calling …
  • … and varieties’ (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September …
  • … Appendix II). Twice in 1858 and three times in 1859 he had gone to Moor Park in Surrey for a week’s …
  • … than when I came’ (letter to W. D. Fox, [16 November 1859] ). It was during his stay at Ilkley …
  • … rag is worth anything?’ (letter to T. H. Huxley, 2 June [1859] ). But as critical letters began …
  • … of induction’ (letter from Adam Sedgwick, 24 November 1859 ). Equally painful was the news that …
  • … (letter to Charles Lyell, [10 December 1859] ). To each of his critics, Darwin replied by resting …
  • … to me to do.’ (letter to Adam Sedgwick, 26 November [1859] ). Even his strongest …
  • … of Darwin’s theory (see letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 May 1859 ). Among the older scientists, only …
  • … the origin of mankind. As he wrote to Darwin on 3 October 1859 , ‘the case of Man and his Races …
  • … to their mercies’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 November 1859] ). Late in December, to Darwin’s …
  • …  were the man.’ (letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1859] ). Huxley admitted his authorship to …
  • … without good cause.’ (letter to John Murray, 2 December [1859] ). At Murray’s trade sale …
  • … had made’ (letter from Charles Kingsley, 18 November 1859 ). This and the two references to the …
  • … try to make out truth’ (letter to W. D. Fox, 24 [March 1859] ). Yet he desperately wanted people …
  • … on our side.—’ (letter to J. D. Hooker, 14 December [1859] ). …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 25 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …
  • … and prompted the composition and publication, in November 1859, of Darwin’s major treatise  On the …
  • …  exceeded my wildest hopes By the end of 1859, Darwin’s work was being discussed in …
  • … ‘When I was in spirits’, he told Lyell at the end of 1859, ‘I sometimes fancied that my book w  d …
  • … hopes.—’ ( letter to Charles Lyell, 25 [November 1859] ). This transformation in Darwin’s personal …
  • … the writing of this ‘abstract’ continued until March 1859; the resulting volume was published in …
  • … Botanic Gardens at Kew (see Appendix VII). The year 1859 began auspiciously with Darwin …
  • … 1854) ( Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society  15 (1859): xxv). One of the most …
  • … theory. As he wrote in his introductory essay (Hooker 1859, p. ii): 'In the present Essay I …
  • … to test such a theory. His essay, published in December 1859, was the first serious study of the …
  • … the other’s ideas (see letters to J. D. Hooker, 2 March [1859] , 11 March [1859] , and 7 …
  • … upon Lyell for advice ( letter to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] ). Lyell suggested the firm of …
  • … plan of his book (see letter from Elwin to Murray, 3 May 1859 , and letter to John Murray, 6 …
  • … the forthcoming book ( letter to Charles Lyell, 30 March [1859] ). Darwin next considered calling …
  • … and varieties’ (letters to Charles Lyell, 28 March [1859] , and to John Murray, 10 September …
  • … Appendix II). Twice in 1858 and three times in 1859 he had gone to Moor Park in Surrey for a week’s …
  • … than when I came’ ( letter to W. D. Fox, [16 November 1859] ). It was during his stay at Ilkley …
  • … rag is worth anything?’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 2 June [1859] ). But as critical letters began …
  • … of induction’ ( letter from Adam Sedgwick, 24 November 1859 ). Equally painful was the news that …
  • … ( letter to Charles Lyell, [10 December 1859] ). To each of his critics, Darwin replied by resting …
  • … to me to do.’ ( letter to Adam Sedgwick, 26 November [1859] ). Even his strongest …
  • … of Darwin’s theory ( see letter to J. D. Hooker, 6 May 1859 ). Among the older scientists, only …
  • … the origin of mankind. As he wrote to Darwin on 3 October 1859, ‘the case of Man and his Races & …
  • … to their mercies’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, [22 November 1859] ). Late in December, to Darwin’s …
  • …  were the man.’ ( letter to T. H. Huxley, 28 December [1859] ). Huxley admitted his authorship to …

Rewriting Origin - the later editions

Summary

For such an iconic work, the text of Origin was far from static. It was a living thing that Darwin continued to shape for the rest of his life, refining his ‘one long argument’ through a further five English editions.  Many of his changes were made in…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … dates: 1 st edition published, 24 November 1859 2d English edition: printing …
  • … heard that a new edition was already needed on 24 November 1859, the same day that the first …
  • … As he read the proof sheets from September to November 1859, Lyell buried Darwin under a blizzard of …

Controversy

Summary

The best-known controversies over Darwinian theory took place in public or in printed reviews. Many of these were highly polemical, presenting an over-simplified picture of the disputes. Letters, however, show that the responses to Darwin were extremely…

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Letter 2525 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 11 Nov 1859 Darwin writes to Sedgwick to tell …
  • … Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Adam Sedgwick thanks Darwin for …
  • … Letter 2555 — Darwin, C. R. to Sedgwick, Adam, 26 Nov [1859] Darwin says Sedgwick could not …
  • … Letter 2526 — Owen, Richard to Darwin, C. R., 12 Nov 1859 Owen says to Darwin he will welcome …
  • … Letter 2575 — Darwin, C. R. to Lyell, Charles, [10 Dec 1859] Darwin discusses with King' …
  • … Letter 2580 — Darwin, C. R. to Owen, Richard, 13 Dec [1859] Darwin responds to Owen’s remarks …

On the Origin of Species

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … (letter to Charles Lyell,  25 [November 1859] ). From a quiet rural existence at Down in …
  • … and prompted the composition and publication, in November 1859, of Darwin’s major treatise On the …

Francis Galton

Summary

Galton was a naturalist, statistician, and evolutionary theorist. He was a second cousin of Darwin’s, having descended from his grandfather, Erasmus. Born in Birmingham in 1822, Galton studied medicine at King’s College, London, and also read mathematics…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … into an entirely new province of knowledge’ ( 9 December 1859 ). He soon became interested in …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … by inheritance.’  (Darwin to W. D. Fox,  23 September [1859] ). He believed that five of his …
  • … and especially billiards were favourite family games, and in 1859 he ended a letter to his oldest …
  • … game of Billiards’. (Darwin to his son William,  7 July [1859] ). Whole family outings were …

Women as a scientific audience

Summary

Target audience? | Female readership | Reading Variation Darwin's letters, in particular those exchanged with his editors and publisher, reveal a lot about his intended audience. Regardless of whether or not women were deliberately targeted as a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] Darwin sends a manuscript copy of …
  • … Letter 2461 - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] Darwin expresses anxiety over …

John Lubbock

Summary

John Lubbock was eight years old when the Darwins moved into the neighbouring property of Down House, Down, Kent; the total of one hundred and seventy surviving letters he went on to exchange with Darwin is a large number considering that the two men lived…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … or against me. ( to John Lubbock, 14 December [1859] ) When Origin was …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … should not be in conflict. A TREMENDOUS FURORE: 1859-1860 In which Darwin distributes …
  • … 12 OCTOBER 1857 60 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, SUMMER 1859 61 A GRAY TO JD HOOKER, …

Darwin on race and gender

Summary

Darwin’s views on race and gender are intertwined, and mingled also with those of class. In Descent of man, he tried to explain the origin of human races, and many of the differences between the sexes, with a single theory: sexual selection. Sexual…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … 11 April 1833 Letter to C. R. Lyell, 11 October [1859] Letter to Charles …

The Lyell–Lubbock dispute

Summary

In May 1865 a dispute arose between John Lubbock and Charles Lyell when Lubbock, in his book Prehistoric times, accused Lyell of plagiarism. The dispute caused great dismay among many of their mutual scientific friends, some of whom took immediate action…

Matches: 10 hits

  • … but his views were generally derided. 1  In 1859, Lyell visited several sites in …
  • … that these were indeed implements of early humans (C. Lyell 1859). In September 1860 he visited …
  • … in French, earlier reports written in Danish (Morlot 1859, Forchhammer et al. 1851–5); Lubbock …
  • … for their work in the Brixham cave explorations of 1858 and 1859. 5 Another controversy arose …
  • … its appearance in print; first in French, dated Berne, Sept. 1859, in the ‘Mémoires de la Société …
  • … zoologist M. Claparède had also conversed with me in 1859 on the researches of the best Danish …
  • … gave me an abstract for my use, in a letter dated December 1859. He referred me chiefly to ‘Oversigt …
  • … and Edinburgh: Williams & Norgate. Lyell, Charles. 1859. On the occurrence of works of …
  • … vols. London: John Murray. Morlot, Charles Adolphe. 1859. Etudes géologico-archéologiques en …
  • … struggle for life . By Charles Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Owen, Richard. 1863. Ape …

Instinct and the Evolution of Mind

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Slave-making ants For Darwin, slave-making ants were a powerful example of the force of instinct. He used the case of the ant Formica sanguinea in the On the Origin of Species to show how instinct operates—how…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … After Origin of Species was published in 1859, friends, acquaintances, and strangers …
  • … Darwin, Charles. On the Origin of Species . 1859. London: John Murray. (See: Chapter 7 “Instinct” …
  • … Letter 2456 —Frederick Smith to Darwin, 30 Apr 1859 Here Smith answers a number of Darwin …

Darwin & Glen Roy

Summary

Although Darwin was best known for his geological work in South America and other remote Beagle destinations, he made one noteworthy attempt to explain a puzzling feature of British geology.  In 1838, two years after returning from the voyage, he travelled…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [after September 20 1847] To A.C. Ramsay, 1 July [1859] From Thomas Jamieson, …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Letter 2447 - Darwin to Murray, J., [5 April 1859] Darwin asks his publisher, John …
  • … Letter 2461  - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [11 May 1859] Darwin expresses anxiety over …
  • … Letter 2475  - Darwin to Hooker, J. D., [2 July 1859] Darwin returns the manuscript of …
  • … Letter 2501   - Lyell, C. to Darwin, [3 October 1859] Lyell offers praise and …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 8 hits

  • … across tropics ’. When Hooker’s essay was published in 1859, it was one of the first publications …
  • … as by far the most capable judge in Europe. ’ By April 1859, he was able to tell Wallace that ‘ …
  • … Abstract ’ would not be finished until around April 1859. But this was an optimistic estimate. …
  • … of favoured races” ’, he told Lyell. On 31 March 1859, Darwin wrote to Murray describing his work …
  • … the work of correcting proofs continued over the summer of 1859, Darwin had to take the water cure …
  • … never shirked a difficulty’, he told Lyell on 20 September 1859, ‘ I am foolishly anxious for your …
  • … of Science meeting held in Aberdeen from 14 to 21 September 1859. Darwin was confident that in time …
  • … and negative, to his work flowed in. By early December 1859, he admitted that he needed to ‘ think …

Religion

Summary

Design|Personal Belief|Beauty|The Church Perhaps the most notorious realm of controversy over evolution in Darwin's day was religion. The same can be said of the evolution controversy today; however the nature of the disputes and the manner in…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 2534 — Kingsley, Charles to Darwin, C. R., 18 Nov 1859 Clergyman Charles Kingsley …
  • … Letter 2548 — Sedgwick, Adam to Darwin, C. R., 24 Nov 1859 Woodwardian Professor of geology, …

Darwin in public and private

Summary

Extracts from Darwin's published works, in particular Descent of man, and selected letters, explore Darwin's views on the operation of sexual selection in humans, and both his publicly and privately expressed views on its practical implications…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … in the struggle for life , (London: John Murray, 1st ed., 1859), p. 88. 2) “There is one …
  • … 489 – Darwin to Wedgwood, E., [20 January 1859] Darwin writes to his fiancée, Emma, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 18 hits

  • … Hooker has it.— Very important Hookers letter Jan. 1859 Yules Ava [Yule 1858] (Innes) Hairy …
  • … The Dog in health & Disease by Stonehenge—Longman 1859 [Stonehenge 1859].— on Toy–Dogs …
  • … [Combe 1828] Macclintocks Arctic Voyage [Macclintock 1859] [DAR *128: 153] …
  • … [G. Bennett 1860] Read 114 Village Bells [Manning] 1859] } Fanny The Woman in White …
  • … Republic [Motley 1855] [DAR 128: 24] 1859 Pagets Lectures on Pathology …
  • … 1803] (nothing) [DAR 128: 25] 1859 Feb. 28 Olmstead S. States [Olmsted …
  • … Mast [R. H. Dana [1840] (good) Bertrams [Trollope 1859] & Adam Bede [Eliot 1859] …
  • … (many novels) Dec: Dana to Cuba & back [R. H. Dana 1859] —— Cruize in Japanese …
  • … on Maladies of Silk-worm [Quatrefages de Bréau 1859] Owen Lecture on Classification [R. Owen …
  • … March. 8 Houdins the conjurer Life [Robert-Houdin [1859] 19 MacClintocks Narrative …
  • … Gesellschaft für die gesammten Naturwissenschaften . In 1859 he was the coauthor, with E. Desor, …
  • … des progrès de la géologie de   1834 à 1845(–1859) . 8 vols. Paris. [Vol. 1 (1847) in Darwin …
  • … at sea . New York. [Other eds.]  128: 25 ——. 1859.  To Cuba and back. A vacation voyage …
  • … Eliot, George,  pseud . (Marian Evans Cross). 1859.  Adam   Bede . 3 vols. Edinburgh. [Other …
  • …  (1849): 381–420. [Separately printed in 2 vols. (Paris, 1859) in Darwin Library.]  *128: 177 …
  • … 119: 16a Hodson, William Stephen Raikes. 1859.  Twelve years of a   soldier’s life in …
  • … 1–46.  119: 9b [Jenkin, Henrietta Camilla]. 1859.  Cousin Stella; or,   conflict . 3 …
  • … Library.]  119: 9a Macclintock, Francis Leopold. 1859.  The voyage of the   “Fox” in …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … natural selection (Origin)  was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who …
  • … cousin and business partner, the earliest letters date from 1859, the year of the publication of  …
  • … you may not repent of having undertaken it’ (15 October [1859] Letter 2506 ). Murray decided on a …
  • … & proud at the appearance of my child’ ([3 November 1859] Letter 2514 ). In the event, all …
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