skip to content

Darwin Correspondence Project

Search: contains "1856"

Darwin Correspondence Project
Search:
1856 in keywords disabled_by_default
Lyell, Charles in correspondent disabled_by_default
55 Items
Sorted by:  
Page: 1 2 3  Next

To Charles Lyell   3 May [1856]

Summary

Discusses possibility of publishing a sketch of his views.

Comments on CL’s letter [1862].

Mentions various geological topics.

Asks to borrow publication by Heer.

Mentions flight of Colymbetes over ocean.

Recalls visit by Wollaston.

Notes views of Hooker and Huxley on species.

Mentions ability of ducks to transport plant seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1866

Matches: 10 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   3 May [1856] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.127) Charles Robert Darwin Down 3 May [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … Dated by the relationship to the letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 21 April [1856] . Heer 1855 . …
  • … See letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . CD mentioned this case in Origin , p.  386. …
  • … letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856  and n.  7). CD further debated the pros and cons …
  • … outline of his theory with J.  D. Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] and …
  • … 11 May [1856] ) before he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice writing species sketch’ on 14 May (‘ …
  • … Appendix II). CD went to London on 5 May 1856. On Tuesday, 6 May, he read a paper at the …
  • … see letter to W.  E. Darwin, [26 February 1856]). The case referred to here was of seeds …

From Charles Lyell   17 June 1856

Summary

CD forgets an author [CD himself in Coral reefs] "who, by means of atolls, contrived to submerge archipelagoes (or continents?), the mountains of which must originally have differed from each other in height 8,000 (or 10,000?) feet".

CL begins to think that all continents and oceans are chiefly post-Eocene, but he admits that it is questionable how far one is at liberty to call up continents "to convey a Helix from the United States to Europe in Miocene or Pliocene periods".

Will CD explain why the land and marine shells of Porto Santo and Madeira differ while the plants so nearly agree?

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 June 1856
Classmark:  DAR 146: 475
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1905

Matches: 12 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   17 June 1856
  • … 475 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet London, Harley St, 53 17 June 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … 53 Harley St. , Lond. , June 17, 1856. My dear Darwin I wonder you did not also mention …
  • … Sharpe 1856 , which had been read on 5 December 1855. …
  • … Daniel Sharpe had died on 31 May 1856. …
  • … Sharpe 1856 , pp.  118–23. The map given in the second volume of C.  Lyell 1830–3 , facing …
  • … 3 vols. London: John Murray. Sharpe, Daniel. 1856. On the last elevation of the Alps; with …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] ). McAndrew 1854. CD had corresponded with …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] . Lyell evidently considered his questions to …
  • … Irish Academy 6: 354–5. Haughton, Samuel. 1856. Discussion of tidal observations made by …
  • … is childish (see the Anniversary Address, 1856). But how far you are at liberty to call up …
  • … was entirely covered by shallow seas. Haughton 1856 , pp.  137–9, read on 24 April 1854. …

To Charles Lyell   16 [June 1856]

Summary

Condemns theory of Edward Forbes and others that many islands were formerly connected to South America by now submerged continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  16 [June 1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.131)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1902

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   16 [June 1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.131) Charles Robert Darwin Down 16 [June 1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … of great antiquity in letter to S.  P. Woodward, 27 May 1856 . See also letter from S.   …
  • … P. Woodward, 4 June 1856 . Webb and Berthelot 1836–50; …
  • … Heer 1855 (see letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ); and Maury 1855a. …
  • … see letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 ). E.  Forbes 1846 , pp.  348–50, 382–3, and …

From Charles Lyell   1–2 May 1856

thumbnail

Summary

Urges CD to publish his theory with small part of data.

Corrects names of land shells on list of shells picked up at Down.

Discusses transport of Ancylus from one river-bed to another by water-beetle.

"I hear that when you & Hooker & Huxley & Wollaston got together you made light of all Species & grew more & more unorthodox."

Mentions discussion of old Atlantis by Oswald Heer.

Comments on Helix and Nanina.

Mentions beetle discovered with small bag of eggs of water-spider under wing.

Madeira evidence favours single species birth-place theory.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1–2 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 282
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1862

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   1–2 May 1856
  • … DAR 205.3: 282 Charles Lyell, 1st baronet unstated 1–2 May 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … visited the Darwins from 13 to 16 April 1856 (Emma Darwin’s diary). Lyell’s list of shells …
  • … May 1. 1856. – My dear Darwin As I sent you a list of the land-shells picked up at Down …
  • … Mollusca, living and fossil’ in February 1856. Ancylus fluviatilis was included among the …
  • … see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 2 April [1856], n.  2). Lyell had evidently heard about the …
  • … pp.  56–7). In a letter of 30 April 1856 to Charles James Fox Bunbury, Lyell stated: ‘When …
  • … 2: 212). CD made notes, dated 28 April 1856, on his conversation with Wollaston. These …
  • … are preserved in DAR 197.2, together with further notes dated 8 May 1856. In …
  • … a letter to Lyell dated 12 May 1856 (F.  J. Bunbury ed. 1891–3, Middle life 2: 391–2), …
  • … CD recorded having read Heer 1855  on 7 August 1856 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … notes on this conversation, dated 16 April 1856 and headed ‘With Darwin: On the Formation …
  • … p.  54). In a letter to Bunbury, 30 April 1856 (see n.  7, above), Lyell again discussed …

To Charles Lyell   10 November [1856]

Summary

Illnesses of Mrs Horner and Emma Darwin.

Death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood.

Mentions work on his "Big Book" [Natural selection].

Remarks on J. A. H. de Bosquet’s discovery of a Chthamalus in the Chalk.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1984

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   10 November [1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.140) Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Nov [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … establish his priority ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ). See letter to J.  A. …
  • … H. de Bosquet, 9 September [1856]. …
  • … law. Sarah Wedgwood died on 6 November 1856 ( Emma Darwin (1915) 2: 161). She had broken …
  • … see letter to W.  D. Fox, 3 October [1856] ). Lyell had been working for several years on …

To Charles Lyell   8 July [1856]

Summary

Thanks CL for loan of [Matthew Fontaine?] Maury’s map.

Discusses possibility of submerged continental extension including Madeira, Canaries, and Azores.

Mentions icebergs as carriers of European plants.

Hooker’s work on Antarctic flora.

Comments on coolness of tropics in glacial period and consequent migrations. Hooker’s views on this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 July [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1920

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   8 July [1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.134) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … See letter from Charles Lyell, [1 July 1856] . CD cited the ninth edition of Lyell’s …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] . CD refers to Maury 1855a, in which there is …
  • … s letter of 5 July ( letter to Charles Lyell, 5 July [1856] ). In his journal (Wilson ed. …
  • … p.  116) Lyell wrote: Letter Darwin July 5, 1856 Icebergs & floating ice between latitudes …

To Charles Lyell   5 July [1856]

Summary

Discusses theory of submerged continental extensions. Objects that if it is applied to one island, it must be applied to all. Admits that some volcanoes may have been associated with subsidence, in contrast to his former view. Cites evidence from S. American Cordillera. Doubts that elevation associated with volcanoes is merely local, and that great ocean areas are necessarily sinking.

Says he will make his essay [on species] as complete as possible and will discuss CL’s Principles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 July [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.133)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1917

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell    5 July [1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.133) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 July [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … 1–5. Letter from Charles Lyell, 1 July 1856 . CD refers to his map (pl. 3) in Coral reefs …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … see letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] ). From an entry in Lyell’s notebooks (Kinnordy …
  • … xlviii–xlix, the date is given as ‘June 29, 1856’. It has not been possible to verify this …
  • … in the letter from Charles Lyell, 1 July 1856 , and that Lyell had given permission for CD …

To Charles Lyell   21 April [1856]

Summary

Speculates about cause of inclination in unusual columns of lava. Suggests CL check with William Hopkins about sliding movements in viscid matter.

Comments on CL’s expedition to Madeira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.126)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1855

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   21 April [1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.126) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Apr [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … Lyell’s visit to Down House, 13–16 April 1856 (see n.  2, below). Lyell had recently …
  • … to Georg Hartung, dated 11 and 15 April 1856, indicates that Lyell and CD had discussed …

To Charles Lyell   25 June [1856]

Summary

Criticises at length the concept of submerged continents attaching islands to the mainland in the recent period. Notes drastic alteration of geography required, the dissimilar species on opposite shores of continents, and differences between volcanic islands and mountains of mainland areas. Admits sea-bed subsidence, but not enough to engulf continents. Denies that theory can explain island flora and fauna.

Considers Edward Forbes’s idea a check on study of dissemination of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1910

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To Charles Lyell   25 June [1856] …
  • … Mss.B.D25.132) Charles Robert Darwin Down 25 June [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …
  • … 1846]). CD may have met Ramsay on 18 June 1856 at a special general meeting held at the …
  • … to the letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 . The remainder of the letter, except for …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …

From Charles Lyell   [1 July 1856]

Summary

To cast doubt on CD’s view that volcanic action is associated with elevation of land, CL suggests that local oscillations in strata underlying volcanoes could also explain how active volcanoes have uplifted fossil deposits of marine shells. Overall he is more inclined to believe that recent volcanoes belong to areas of subsidence rather than of elevation.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [1 July 1856]
Classmark:  Kinnordy MS (private collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1915A

Matches: 4 hits

  • … From Charles Lyell   [1 July 1856] …
  • … MS (private collection) Charles Lyell, 1st baronet [1 July 1856] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … a Letter from C Lyell to C Darwin July 1. 1856— Of course it is true, as you well show in …
  • … 2, p.  74, in an entry dated 30 June 1856 (Wilson ed. 1970, p.  108): There has always …

To Charles Lyell   13 April [1857]

Summary

CD returns a letter from Wollaston.

Although opposed to the Forbesian doctrine [of continental extension] as a general rule, CD would have no objection to its being proved in some cases. Does not think Wollaston has proved it; nor can anyone until more is known about the means of distribution of insects – but the identity of the two faunas is certainly interesting.

His health is very poor and his "everlasting species-Book" quite overwhelms him with work. It is beyond his powers, but he hopes to live to finish it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  13 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  Edinburgh University Library, Centre for Research Collections (Gen.109/702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2077

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 , and from T.   …
  • … V. Wollaston, [27 June 1856]. See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 10 November [1856] , n.  4. CD left for Edward Wickstead Lane’s …
  • … for geographical distribution. See letters to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] and …
  • … 25 June [1856] , and letters from …

To Charles Lyell   20 November [1860]

Summary

Admires Edward Forbes’s theory of continental extensions, but it will discourage investigation of distribution.

Mentions Oswald Heer’s proposed map of Atlantis.

Discusses extinction of plants caused by the glacial era. Migration of plants and animals during glacial period.

Encourages CL’s work [on Antiquity of man (1863)].

Comments on unfriendly reviews. Asks CL’s opinion about including a reply to reviewers in next edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2989

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Forbes 1846 . See preceding letter. In 1856, when he was composing his species manuscript, …
  • … 6, letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] . Heer 1855 . Lyell was more disposed toward …
  • … vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . See, for example, Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 August 1856 , and letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 5 August [1856] . Natural selection , pp.  534– …
  • … this chapter with Joseph Dalton Hooker in 1856 (see Correspondence vol.  6). Origin , p.   …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]

Summary

Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

Matches: 6 hits

  • … in Annals & Mag.  of Nat. History for Feb.  1856. He refers, to another paper on British …
  • … G.  Jeffreys, 29 December [1859]). Jeffreys 1856 . There is an annotated offprint in the …
  • … 2d ser. 3: 12–20. Jeffreys, John Gwyn. 1856. On the marine Testacea of the Piedmontese …
  • … a prior state of things. ’ ( Jeffreys 1856 , p.  171). On the question of plant migration …
  • … and Joseph Dalton Hooker in 1846 and again in 1856 (see Correspondence vols.  3 and 6). CD …
  • … 6, letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] ). Hooker 1859, p.  lxxxvii. In his copy ( …

To Charles Lyell   8 [May 1860]

Summary

Did not know about separation between Silurian and Cambrian.

Cannot attend Geological Society meeting.

Etty [Henrietta Darwin] ill.

Sedgwick in his attack at Cambridge Philosophical Society states "there must be [on CD’s theory] large genera not varying".

Discusses migration of plants and animals from Old World to New.

Views of Asa Gray on Aster.

Mentions flora of coal period.

Has been elected to Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 [May 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2788

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856  and [ …
  • … 1 July 1856] . CD was drafting chapters on pigeons that were eventually published in …
  • … ocean. He and Lyell had discussed the subject at length in 1856. See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, especially letters to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] and …
  • … 25 June [1856] , and letters from …

DCP-LETT-1912B

Summary

Cancelled: appears in 1917.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 July [1856]
Classmark:  Charles Lyell’s notebook 213: 101–2?
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1912B

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s notebook 213: 101–2? Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 July [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …

DCP-LETT-1919A

Summary

Cancelled: appears in 1920.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 July [1856]
Classmark:  Charles Lyell’s notebook II: 95–8?
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1919A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s notebook II: 95–8? Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 July [1856] Charles Lyell, 1st baronet …

To Charles Lyell   [25 June 1858]

Summary

Everything in Wallace’s sketch also appears in CD’s sketch of 1844. A year ago CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now that Wallace has sent outline of his views? "I would far rather burn my whole book than that he or any man shd. think that I had behaved in a paltry spirit." Does not believe Wallace originated his views from anything CD wrote to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2294

Matches: 4 hits

  • … publish a brief account of his views in 1856, CD had given up the idea of a short sketch …
  • … work (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , and letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] ). See Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] . See letter to A.  R. Wallace, 6 April 1859 . …

To Charles Lyell   [on or before 20 January 1847]

Summary

Quotes from South America [p. 167] on the foliation of metamorphic rocks.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [on or before 20 Jan 1847]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1053

Matches: 3 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Phillips, John. 1856. Report on cleavage and foliation in rocks, …
  • … Association for the Advancement of Science in 1856, John Phillips, discussing the debate …
  • … of the metamorphic rocks of gneiss and mica-schist’ ( Phillips 1856 , p.  383). …

From Charles Lyell   3 October 1859

Summary

Praises the Origin: a "splendid case of close reasoning".

Objects to CD’s having ignored Lamarck and Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

Thinks CD should omit mentioning problem of explaining the eye at the beginning of chapter 14. Suggests rewording several passages.

Thinks want of peculiar birds in Madeira a difficulty, considering presence of them in Galapagos.

Has always felt that the case of man and his races is one and the same with animals and plants.

Author:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 Oct 1859
Classmark:  DAR 98: B1–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2501

Matches: 4 hits

  • … and to John Murray, 2 September [1859]). In 1856, Lyell had encouraged CD to publish his …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , and letter to …
  • … Charles Lyell, 3  May [1856] ). For Lyell’s interest in CD’s pigeon work, see letter from …
  • … 6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . Lyell refers to the longer work CD still …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 4 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letters from Thomas Hutton, 8 March 1856 , and from W.  F. …
  • … Daniell, 8 October – 7 November 1856; and vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 18 November [ …
  • … Spencer 1855 , which Herbert Spencer presented to CD in 1856 (see Correspondence vol.   …
  • … 6, letter to Herbert Spencer, 11 March [1856] ). CD’s copy of this work is in the Darwin …
Document type
letter (55)
Author
Correspondent
Date
1847 (1)
1853 (1)
1856 (12)
1857 (1)
1858 (4)
1859 (10)
1860 (13)
1861 (1)
1862 (2)
1863 (1)
1865 (2)
1866 (5)
1867 (1)
1869 (1)
Page: 1 2 3  Next
Search:
1856 in keywords
36 Items
Page:  1 2  Next

Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s …
  • … Charles Lyell and Joseph Dalton Hooker, who were joined in 1856 by Hooker’s friend the American …
  • … only source of information about his preoccupations during 1856 and 1857. They reveal little noticed …
  • … might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no …
  • … remarked to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 September [1856] ). I mean to make my …
  • … on plants. Expanding projects set up during 1855 and 1856 (see  Correspondence  vol. 5), he tried …
  • … first two chapters of his species book, completed by October 1856 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). …
  • … Gray, vary in the United States ( letter to Asa Gray, 2 May 1856 )? What about weeds? Did they …
  • … hermaphrodite’ ( letter to to T. H. Huxley, 1 July [1856] ), which became a source of amusement in …
  • … that Asa Gray and Hooker confirmed during the course of 1856. Science at home: the botanical …
  • … many different experiments on plants through the summers of 1856 and 1857, particularly with garden …
  • … have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his ideas …
  • … trees (see letters to William Erasmus Darwin, [26 February 1856] and to Charles Lyell, 3 May …
  • … Waring Darwin, the sixth and last, was born on 6 December 1856) was a constant worry, particularly …
  • … in New South Wales ( letter to Syms Covington, 9 March 1856 ). Many other topics, …
  • … the geological phenomenon of cleavage, still unresolved in 1856, with John Phillips and entered into …
  • … visited the Darwins at Down House for several days in April 1856, and Darwin took this opportunity …
  • … made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion seriously …
  • … him to write up his views ( letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] ). Darwin had also …
  • … At a second weekend party held at Down on 26 and 27 April 1856, he had discussed the question of …
  • … doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and intellectual …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … were built to the area (Darwin to J. D. Hooker,  8 April [1856] ). This meant that most of the …
  • … family duties (Darwin to W. B. Tegetmeier,  19 November [1856] ) made him unable to travel to many …
  • … his son William,  [30 October 1858] ). In one letter in 1856, he explained his paternal feelings …
  • … in this world.’ (Darwin to Syms Covington,  9 March 1856 ) In the late nineteenth century, …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 21 JULY 1855 14  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 14 JULY 1856 15  A GRAY TO C DARWIN …
  • … 1855 23  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 9 NOVEMBER 1856 24  C DARWIN TO JD …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856 that he publish a short version of his …
  • … in persuading Darwin not to publish an abstract in 1856 , Darwin explained to whole affair to him …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …
  • … as Natural selection ). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by June 1858. At …
  • … 2 13 October 1856 [Variation under domestication] [2] …
  • … 11 13 October 1856 Geographical distribution (DAR 14; …
  • … 3 16 December 1856 On the possibility of all organic …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … research notes, including letters going back to at least 1856 . Among them were accounts of …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … [DAR *128: 160] Mansfield’s Paraguay [Mansfield 1856] } read Chesterton Prison Life …
  • … Hutchison Dog Breaking 3 d . Edit [Hutchinson 1856] new information on Pointer & Retriever …
  • … Annal des Sc. Nat. 4 th  Series. Bot. Vol 6 [Naudin 1856]. Read Notes to Jardine & …
  • … 1855 Sept. Tegetmeier on Poultry [Tegetmeier 1856–7] —— 27 th . Mem. de l’Acad. …
  • … Das Ganze der Landwirttschaft [Kirchhof 1835].— 1856. Jan 10 th  G. Colin Traite de …
  • … [Rudolphi 1812] [DAR 128: 16] 1856 Jan 21. Huc’s Chinese Empire [Huc …
  • … Mar 1 Veith Naturgeschichte Haussaugethiere [Veith 1856].— 3 d  Knox Races of Man.— 1850 [R …
  • … 1741–55] d[itt]o [DAR 128: 17] 1856 . Jan 28. Watt’s Life by Muirhead …
  • … [Pepys 1848–9]— April 21 Sandwitt Kars [Sandwith 1856]. [DAR 128: 18] March …
  • … 1851–6] —— Wollaston on Variation [Wollaston 1856] F. Smith on Apidæ [F. Smith 1855] …
  • … 1835 [H. C. Watson 1835] [DAR 128: 20] 1856 June 26. Davis J. Barnard. …
  • … 1855] —— 19 Von Tschudi Alpine life [Tschudi 1856] 30. Brehm Handbuch Vogel …
  • … 1857 Nov. 15. Andersson Lake Gnami [Andersson 1856] —— 26 Slightly skimmed Forbes …
  • … 1765] Oct. 23. Tracings of Iceland Chambers [Chambers 1856]. —— Mansfield Travels in …
  • … 2 vols July D r . Kane’s Arctic Voyage [Kane 1856] Sept. 12. Ch. Napiers Life …
  • … rubbish yet amusing Nov. 15. Tender & True [Spence] 1856]: H. Coverdale [Smedley [1854–6] …
  • … Travels I ever read) Sept. Froude Henry VIII [Froude 1856]. 4 vols very interesting. …
  • … —— 16 Zoologist [ Zoologist ]. up Vol. 14. 1856 May 9 th  Voyage au Pol. Sud. Consid. Gen …
  • … 1859 Feb. 28 Olmstead S. States [Olmsted 1856] (excellent) March 21. Mill on Liberty …
  • … The revised edition of Johnston’s  Physical atlas  (1856) included ‘Map of the distribution of …
  • … 113  The  Cottage Gardener  ceased publication in 1856. 114  CD marked this entry …
  • … vols. London.  119: 14a Andersson, Carl Johan. 1856.  Lake Ngami; or, explorations and   …
  • … [Darwin Library.]  119: 20a; *128: 173 ——. 1856.  Tracings of Iceland and the Faröe …
  • … [Other eds.]  119: 9a Chesterton, George Laval. 1856.  Revelations of prison life;   …
  • … 128: 5 Davis, Joseph Barnard and Thurnam, John. 1856–65.  Crania   Britannica. …
  • … Three visits to Madagascar during   the years 1853, 1854, 1856 . London.  128: 24 …
  • … . Lundæ.  *119: 5v. Froude, James Anthony. 1856.  History of England from the   fall of …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … naturalist Edward Forbes. Darwin declared to Hooker in July 1856 ‘y ou continental extensionists …
  • … of his old friend, the geologist Charles Lyell, who, in May 1856, twenty months after Darwin had …
  • … urgency to publish and, following Lyell’s advice in May 1856, began to write a sketch his theory. ‘I …
  • … without full details. ’ Writing to his cousin Fox in June 1856, Darwin openly confessed his fears …
  • … work ’ he had ‘desisted’. By November 1856, he had both good and bad news to report to Lyell: ‘ …
  • … press. Although Darwin had decided in the autumn of 1856 to write only from the materials he …
  • … wrote ten and a half chapters of his Big Book between May 1856 and June 1858. With a total of …
  • … length ’, he had complained to Hooker in December 1856. By mid-1858, only the first chapter on …
  • … being the second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858 (Cambridge University …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Owen, and Louis Agassiz (see letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May 1856 and 21 May 1856). But he considered …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 March 1856] Clergyman and botanist …
  • … Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 March 1856] Clergyman and botanist Miles …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … it was the subject of his first scientific paper (Müller 1856). In the autumn of 1855, Müller …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1979 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, 27 Oct [1856] Darwin provides detailed …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to write up a ‘preliminary essay’ on his views in 1856, he went back to Fox to check his facts, …
  • … the African explorer and army surgeon William Daniell in 1856 was probably in reply to such a …

Tenth child born

Summary

The Darwins' tenth and last child, Charles Waring Darwin, is born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' tenth and last child, Charles Waring Darwin, is born …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work preparing his ‘big book’ on species. Begun in May 1856 at the urging of Lyell, the manuscript …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … `big book’,  Natural selection , begun in 1856.  Coming hard on the heels of  The descent of man …

Begins 'Natural Selection'

Summary

Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but later formed the basis for On the Origin of Species

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

The expression of emotions

Summary

Darwin’s work on emotional expression, from notes in his Beagle diary and observations of his own children, to questionnaires, and experiments with photographs, was an integral part of his broad research on human evolution. It provided one of the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his other children followed, and the record was kept through 1856. Darwin’s wife, Emma also recorded …
Page:  1 2  Next