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From J. D. Hooker   [26 June or 3 July 1856]

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Can no longer make out story of NW. American plants; consulting Asa Gray.

Questionable validity of seed-salting experiments.

Aristolochia and Viscum seem to shed pollen before flower opens.

Ray Society should only do translations.

Thomas Thomson in India has rediscovered Aldrovanda, a rare relative of Drosera.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 June or 3 July] 1856
Classmark:  DAR 104: 197
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1911

Matches: 15 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [26 June or 3 July 1856] …
  • … DAR 104: 197 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 26 June 1856 3 …
  • … July 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. …
  • … 1975. Siebold, Karl Theodor Ernst von. 1856. Wahre Parthenogenesis bei Schmetterlingen und …
  • … dates are the two Thursdays between the letters to J.  D. Hooker, 22 June [1856] and …
  • … 5 [July 1856] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 22 June [1856] . CD was anxious to ascertain whether any of the plants that …
  • … Watson (letter from H.  C. Watson, 5 June 1856) whether these species were known to range …
  • … question (see letter to Asa Gray, 14 July [1856] ). Hooker was mistaken in his observation …
  • … and letter from J.  D. Hooker, 10 July 1856 ). Ludwig Radlkofer was an authority on both …
  • … Die Befruchtung der Phanerogamen (Leipzig, 1856). In 1857 and 1858  he published studies …
  • … s researches on parthenogenesis ( Siebold 1856 ). Siebold overturned Richard Owen’s …
  • … Farley 1982 , pp.  100–5. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 22 June [1856] . See letter to T.   …
  • … H. Huxley, 4 May [1856] , in which the financial difficulties of the Ray Society were …

From J. D. Hooker   10 July 1856

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[T. Bell Salter’s?] "hybrid" Epilobium a false claim.

Admires Huxley’s response to Falconer [see 1904].

Tristan da Cunha plant list, requested by CD, supports JDH’s position [on continental extension?].

Chilean plants not exceptional.

JDH considers parallels between Australian Alps and European plants strong evidence for multiple creations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 July 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 96–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1923

Matches: 16 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   10 July 1856
  • … DAR 100: 96–9 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 10 July 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] , and letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] . CD had asked Hooker whether he could confirm Thomas Vernon …
  • … of the same point in the insect kingdom (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] ). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Falconer, Hugh. 1856. On Prof. Huxley’s attempted refutation of …
  • … D. Hooker, 21 [May 1856] and 17– …
  • … 18 [June 1856]. T.  H. Huxley 1855. …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 [July 1856] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 8 [July 1856] , n.  3. The list was annotated by Hooker, giving brief …
  • … of the colony. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 July [1856] . See letter from J.   …
  • … n.s. 17: 476–93. Henslow, John Stevens. 1856. On the triticoidal forms of Ægilops and on …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 June or 3 July 1856] . John Stevens Henslow described his …
  • … of Science held in Cheltenham ( Henslow 1856 ). He had intended to test the claim made by …
  • … provinces. T.  H. Huxley 1856b, a response to Falconer 1856 . See letters to J.   …

From J. D. Hooker   4 August 1856

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JDH’s arguments against transmutation: 1. Plants do not show the confusion he would expect; 2. Under clearly similar physical conditions we do not find same species.

JDH’s argument against migration: commonality of alpine species. Believes migration opposes facts of botanical distribution in Van Diemen’s Land and New Zealand; prefers continental extension theory.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Aug 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 100–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1937

Matches: 13 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   4 August 1856
  • … DAR 100: 100–4 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 4 Aug 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … delivered at the Royal Institution on 6 June 1856 ( …
  • … Tyndall 1856 ), John Tyndall discussed cleavage in rocks and other solids with the …
  • … 1985–. Godwin-Austen, Robert Alfred Cloyne. 1856. On the possible extension of the coal- …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 July [1856] . …
  • … Godwin-Austen 1856  was read at a meeting of the Geological Society of London on 30 May …
  • … Aug 4 th . 1856 – Dear Darwin Thanks for Lyells letters which are very tough reading— I …
  • … in 1860 (J.  D. Hooker 1855[–60]). See letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 . See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 5 July [1856] . An allusion to the transmutationist views …
  • … creation ( [Chambers] 1844 ). See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 30 July [1856] . In a lecture …
  • … second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. …
  • … University Press. 1975. Tyndall, John. 1856. Comparative view of the cleavage of crystals …

From J. D. Hooker   [16 November 1856]

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JDH not happy with CD’s explanation of the absence of north temperate forms in the Southern Hemisphere, given his explanation for the spread of sub-arctic forms to the south. [CD’s note is in response to JDH’s criticism.]

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [16 Nov 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 162–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1622

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [16 November 1856] …
  • … and animals. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 18 November [ 1856] , and J.  Browne 1983 . …
  • … DAR 100: 162–3 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew [16 Nov 1856] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … The Sunday after the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1856] . See letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 15 November [1856] . This note follows the letter in DAR 100: 163. In Natural …

From J. D. Hooker   22 November 1856

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Continued debate on formation of species as a result of retreat from glaciers.

JDH suggests internal powers of species modification, which he knows CD abhors.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 111–12
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1995

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   22 November 1856
  • … DAR 100: 111–12 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated 22 Nov 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 18 November [1856] and n.  2. Thomas Thomson was superintendent …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 18 November [1856] . CD did not communicate this information (see …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 23 November [1856] ). See …
  • … letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 , which CD had sent to Hooker to read. The remainder …

From J. D. Hooker   [early December 1856]

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Podostemaceae flowering under water.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [early Dec 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 149
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1966

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [early December 1856] …
  • … DAR 100: 149 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [early Dec 1856] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, [early December 1856] . It seems to supplement the information …
  • … see letter to Hooker, [early December 1856], n.  5) and may have been sent to CD at the …

From J. D. Hooker   7 December 1856

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Has done New Zealand flora calculations. Results support CD’s theory of necessity of crossing. Trees tend to have separate sexes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Dec 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 113–14
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2014

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   7 December 1856
  • … DAR 100: 113–14 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 Dec 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … was published in Edinburgh Review 104 (1856): 490–518. The author was George Bentham ( …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 1 December [1856] . The list, in the back of CD’s copy of the …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …

From J. D. Hooker   9 November 1856

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JDH approves MS section on geographical distribution.

Never felt so shaky about species before.

His objections to some mechanisms of distribution that CD proposes.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  9 Nov 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 105–10
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1983

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   9 November 1856
  • … DAR 100: 105–10 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 9 Nov 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, [16 October 1856] ). The manuscript is now in DAR 14. Hooker’ …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … p.  541. CD visited London on 13 November 1856 to attend a meeting of the Philosophical …
  • … of the Geological Society on 5 November 1856. In the paper (Owen 1857a), Owen made it …
  • … here for clarity. They had been received by CD by 15 November 1856 (see letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, 15 November [1856] ). The notes are in DAR 100: 109–10. Note A was presumably …

From J. D. Hooker   7 May 1856

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Non-endemic Ascension Island plants brought by man, not wind-transported.

Bentham has found intermediates between oxlip and cowslip in Herefordshire.

JDH finds quantity of albumen in seeds is not variable within a species.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 May 1856
Classmark:  DAR 100: 94–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1869

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   7 May 1856
  • … DAR 100: 94–5 Joseph Dalton Hooker Kew 7 May 1856 Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … Suppl. to n.s. 1: 1-200. Forbes, Edward. 1856. Map of the distribution of marine life, …
  • … the letter to C.  J. F. Bunbury [before 9 May 1856]. Probably Edward Forbes’s ‘Map of the …
  • … Johnston’s Physical atlas ( E.  Forbes 1856 ). In a manuscript list headed ‘Kerguelan …
  • … Club (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] ). Huxley was not elected, however, until …

From J. D. Hooker   [23] December 1865

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No one believes in Karsten.

Surprised by CD’s observations that illegitimate crosses within a species produce hybrid-like offspring.

JDH’s scepticism of Scott’s observations.

On proposing James Hector vs Julius von Haast for Royal Society; on learned society honours.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [23] Dec 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 47–50
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4954

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Braun, Alexander Carl Heinrich. 1856. Über Parthenogenesis bei …
  • … Pflanzen. [Read 23 October 1856. ] Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der …
  • … Mercurialis , and possibly Bryonia (see Naudin 1856 and Radlkofer 1857 , pp.  250–1). …
  • … had probably fallen accidentally from a different plant ( Braun 1856 , p.  324). …
  • … Hooker visited Vienna in 1856 ( Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.   …
  • … D.  Hooker, 28 September [1856] ). …
  • … A French translation of Braun 1856  appeared in the Annales des Sciences Naturelles ( …

From J. D. Hooker   24 December 1865

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Oliver says H. E. Baillon found stamens on female flowers of Coelebogyne, but JDH and many botanists have never found any stamens.

Lyell wants to propose JDH for Copley Medal.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  24 Dec 1865
Classmark:  DAR 102: 51–2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4955

Matches: 5 hits

  • … de France 4: 692–9. Braun, Alexander Carl Heinrich. 1856. Über Parthenogenesis bei …
  • … Pflanzen. [Read 23 October 1856. ] Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der …
  • … which he also sent to Kew (see Braun  1856 , p.  327, and n.  7, below). Robert Brown had …
  • … 23] December 1865  and n.  5. In his 1856 paper on Coelebogyne ilicifolia , Alexander Carl …
  • … sexually and parthenogenetically ( Braun 1856 , pp.  327–33). In a subsequent paper on …

From J. D. Hooker   18 March 1858

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Continued objections to methods and conclusions of CD’s survey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Mar 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115e–f
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2243

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Weddell, Hugh Algernon. 1856. Monographie de la famille des Urticés. Paris. …
  • … Weddell 1856 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] . Hooker’s tabulation and some …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1858]

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JDH cannot abide CD’s connection of wide-ranging species and "highness". Australian flora contradicts this in many ways.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2385

Matches: 4 hits

  • … June 1854] ). He published these views in 1856 (see n.   4, below). For Asa Gray’s opinion …
  • … vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 . Hooker’s review of Alphonse de Candolle’s …
  • … was published in Hooker’s Journal of Botany and Kew Garden Miscellany in 1856. The passage …
  • … to which he refers is in [Hooker] 1856, pp.  252–5. CD’s copy of the separately paginated …

From J. D. Hooker   [14 March 1858]

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Summary of JDH’s objections to CD’s survey of floras and conclusion that large genera vary more than small.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [14 Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 182–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2240

Matches: 3 hits

  • … second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. …
  • … Press. 1975. Weddell, Hugh Algernon. 1856. Monographie de la famille des Urticés. Paris. …
  • … D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] ). Weddell 1856 . See the postscript to the preceding letter. …

From J. D. Hooker   12 November 1858

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Busy with introductory essay to [The botany of the Antarctic voyage, pt III] Flora Tasmaniae [printed separately as On the flora of Australia (1859)].

Now explains greater abundance of European species in Tasmania than in Fuegia by CD’s "refrigeration" hypothesis.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  12 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 123–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2358

Matches: 3 hits

  • … had read and commented on CD’s views in 1856 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [16 October 1856] ). Hooker discussed the existence of European species in …
  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …

From J. D. Hooker   13–15 July 1858

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Sends proofs [of "On the tendency of species to form varieties … ", read 1 July 1858, Collected papers 2: 3–19]. CD could publish his abstract [later the Origin] as a separate supplemental number of [Journal of the Linnean Society].

JDH has studied in detail CD’s manuscript on variable species in large and small genera and concurs with its consequences. Discusses methodological idiosyncrasies of systematists, e.g., Bentham, Robert Brown, and C. C. Babington, which complicate CD’s tabulations.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [13 or 15] July 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 116–19, 168
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2307

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858. Edited by R. C. Stauffer. Cambridge: …
  • … London. [Vols. 5,7,8] Weddell, Hugh Algernon. 1856. Monographie de la famille des Urticés. …
  • … C. Watson, 23 February [1858] ). Weddell 1856 . See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March …

From J. D. Hooker   22 December 1858

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Would appreciate loan of CD’s chapter on transmigration across tropics, which may help with the difficulties of Australian distribution.

Still regards plant types as older than animal types.

The Cape of Good Hope and Australian temperate floras cannot be connected by the highlands of Abyssinia.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  22 Dec 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 128–30
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2382

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of which Hooker had read in the autumn of 1856 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.   …
  • … D. Hooker,[16 October 1856]). Hooker discussed CD’s theories of transoceanic migration and …

From J. D. Hooker   [24 July 1866]

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Working on "Insular floras" lecture for BAAS Nottingham meeting [see 5135].

Puzzled at distribution of Madeiran and Canaries plants and insects.

Supports Forbes’s Atlantis hypothesis [see 956], which he has reread and to which he will allude.

Wollaston disappointing on Madeiran insects.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [24 July 1866]
Classmark:  DAR 205.2 (letters): 239
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5165

Matches: 3 hits

  • … John van Voorst. Wollaston, Thomas Vernon. 1856. On the variation of species with especial …
  • … 1854 , p.  xii; see also T.  V.  Wollaston 1856 , pp.  82–7). Wollaston also considered a …
  • … and European species in T.  V.  Wollaston 1856 (pp.  137–44), arguing that they provided …

From J. D. Hooker   28 January 1868

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Wollaston’s situation hopeless; he must go to Boulogne or Jersey to live. A friend will keep his collection and books together.

JDH’s opinion of Wollaston’s Coleoptera Hesperidum [1867].

Cannot read Duke of Argyll.

CD’s view of Asa Gray as foreign member of Royal Society; compares him to Candolle.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 102: 189–190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5807

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1– 2 May 1856  and n.  7. John Lubbock. The reference is to …
  • … the guests at a weekend party at Down in 1856 at which the transmutation of species was …

From J. D. Hooker   [27] June 1857

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Embryology of plants of low systematic order. Comparative development begins only with first post-cotyledonary leaves.

Curt letter to JDH from George Henslow.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [27] June 1857
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2114

Matches: 1 hit

  • … letter to J.  S. Henslow, [after 6 December 1856] . The number of CD’s portfolio of notes …
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Author
Hooker, J. D.disabled_by_default
Addressee
Correspondent
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1855 (1)
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1857 (3)
1858 (6)
1859 (2)
1860 (3)
1861 (1)
1862 (2)
1863 (1)
1864 (3)
1865 (5)
1866 (5)
1867 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 21 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s …
  • … Charles Lyell and Joseph Dalton Hooker, who were joined in 1856 by Hooker’s friend the American …
  • … only source of information about his preoccupations during 1856 and 1857. They reveal little noticed …
  • … might work in nature ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 10 ). He was surprised that no …
  • … remarked to Hooker ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 8 September [1856] ). I mean to make my …
  • … on plants. Expanding projects set up during 1855 and 1856 (see  Correspondence  vol. 5), he tried …
  • … first two chapters of his species book, completed by October 1856 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). …
  • … Gray, vary in the United States ( letter to Asa Gray, 2 May 1856 )? What about weeds? Did they …
  • … hermaphrodite’ ( letter to to T. H. Huxley, 1 July [1856] ), which became a source of amusement in …
  • … that Asa Gray and Hooker confirmed during the course of 1856. Science at home: the botanical …
  • … many different experiments on plants through the summers of 1856 and 1857, particularly with garden …
  • … have grown well.’ ( letter to J. D. Hooker, 10 December [1856] ). His faith in his ideas …
  • … trees (see letters to William Erasmus Darwin, [26 February 1856] and to Charles Lyell, 3 May …
  • … Waring Darwin, the sixth and last, was born on 6 December 1856) was a constant worry, particularly …
  • … in New South Wales ( letter to Syms Covington, 9 March 1856 ). Many other topics, …
  • … the geological phenomenon of cleavage, still unresolved in 1856, with John Phillips and entered into …
  • … visited the Darwins at Down House for several days in April 1856, and Darwin took this opportunity …
  • … made in a letter written by Lyell from London on 1–2 May 1856. Darwin took the suggestion seriously …
  • … him to write up his views ( letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] ). Darwin had also …
  • … At a second weekend party held at Down on 26 and 27 April 1856, he had discussed the question of …
  • … doctrine.’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856, n. 7 ). The excitement and intellectual …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 4 hits

  • … were built to the area (Darwin to J. D. Hooker,  8 April [1856] ). This meant that most of the …
  • … family duties (Darwin to W. B. Tegetmeier,  19 November [1856] ) made him unable to travel to many …
  • … his son William,  [30 October 1858] ). In one letter in 1856, he explained his paternal feelings …
  • … in this world.’ (Darwin to Syms Covington,  9 March 1856 ) In the late nineteenth century, …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 21 JULY 1855 14  C DARWIN TO A GRAY, 14 JULY 1856 15  A GRAY TO C DARWIN …
  • … 1855 23  JD HOOKER TO C DARWIN, 9 NOVEMBER 1856 24  C DARWIN TO JD …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856 that he publish a short version of his …
  • … in persuading Darwin not to publish an abstract in 1856 , Darwin explained to whole affair to him …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …
  • … as Natural selection ). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by June 1858. At …
  • … 2 13 October 1856 [Variation under domestication] [2] …
  • … 11 13 October 1856 Geographical distribution (DAR 14; …
  • … 3 16 December 1856 On the possibility of all organic …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … research notes, including letters going back to at least 1856 . Among them were accounts of …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 27 hits

  • … [DAR *128: 160] Mansfield’s Paraguay [Mansfield 1856] } read Chesterton Prison Life …
  • … Hutchison Dog Breaking 3 d . Edit [Hutchinson 1856] new information on Pointer & Retriever …
  • … Annal des Sc. Nat. 4 th  Series. Bot. Vol 6 [Naudin 1856]. Read Notes to Jardine & …
  • … 1855 Sept. Tegetmeier on Poultry [Tegetmeier 1856–7] —— 27 th . Mem. de l’Acad. …
  • … Das Ganze der Landwirttschaft [Kirchhof 1835].— 1856. Jan 10 th  G. Colin Traite de …
  • … [Rudolphi 1812] [DAR 128: 16] 1856 Jan 21. Huc’s Chinese Empire [Huc …
  • … Mar 1 Veith Naturgeschichte Haussaugethiere [Veith 1856].— 3 d  Knox Races of Man.— 1850 [R …
  • … 1741–55] d[itt]o [DAR 128: 17] 1856 . Jan 28. Watt’s Life by Muirhead …
  • … [Pepys 1848–9]— April 21 Sandwitt Kars [Sandwith 1856]. [DAR 128: 18] March …
  • … 1851–6] —— Wollaston on Variation [Wollaston 1856] F. Smith on Apidæ [F. Smith 1855] …
  • … 1835 [H. C. Watson 1835] [DAR 128: 20] 1856 June 26. Davis J. Barnard. …
  • … 1855] —— 19 Von Tschudi Alpine life [Tschudi 1856] 30. Brehm Handbuch Vogel …
  • … 1857 Nov. 15. Andersson Lake Gnami [Andersson 1856] —— 26 Slightly skimmed Forbes …
  • … 1765] Oct. 23. Tracings of Iceland Chambers [Chambers 1856]. —— Mansfield Travels in …
  • … 2 vols July D r . Kane’s Arctic Voyage [Kane 1856] Sept. 12. Ch. Napiers Life …
  • … rubbish yet amusing Nov. 15. Tender & True [Spence] 1856]: H. Coverdale [Smedley [1854–6] …
  • … Travels I ever read) Sept. Froude Henry VIII [Froude 1856]. 4 vols very interesting. …
  • … —— 16 Zoologist [ Zoologist ]. up Vol. 14. 1856 May 9 th  Voyage au Pol. Sud. Consid. Gen …
  • … 1859 Feb. 28 Olmstead S. States [Olmsted 1856] (excellent) March 21. Mill on Liberty …
  • … The revised edition of Johnston’s  Physical atlas  (1856) included ‘Map of the distribution of …
  • … 113  The  Cottage Gardener  ceased publication in 1856. 114  CD marked this entry …
  • … vols. London.  119: 14a Andersson, Carl Johan. 1856.  Lake Ngami; or, explorations and   …
  • … [Darwin Library.]  119: 20a; *128: 173 ——. 1856.  Tracings of Iceland and the Faröe …
  • … [Other eds.]  119: 9a Chesterton, George Laval. 1856.  Revelations of prison life;   …
  • … 128: 5 Davis, Joseph Barnard and Thurnam, John. 1856–65.  Crania   Britannica. …
  • … Three visits to Madagascar during   the years 1853, 1854, 1856 . London.  128: 24 …
  • … . Lundæ.  *119: 5v. Froude, James Anthony. 1856.  History of England from the   fall of …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 9 hits

  • … naturalist Edward Forbes. Darwin declared to Hooker in July 1856 ‘y ou continental extensionists …
  • … of his old friend, the geologist Charles Lyell, who, in May 1856, twenty months after Darwin had …
  • … urgency to publish and, following Lyell’s advice in May 1856, began to write a sketch his theory. ‘I …
  • … without full details. ’ Writing to his cousin Fox in June 1856, Darwin openly confessed his fears …
  • … work ’ he had ‘desisted’. By November 1856, he had both good and bad news to report to Lyell: ‘ …
  • … press. Although Darwin had decided in the autumn of 1856 to write only from the materials he …
  • … wrote ten and a half chapters of his Big Book between May 1856 and June 1858. With a total of …
  • … length ’, he had complained to Hooker in December 1856. By mid-1858, only the first chapter on …
  • … being the second part of his big species book written from 1856 to 1858 (Cambridge University …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Owen, and Louis Agassiz (see letters to J. D. Hooker, 9 May 1856 and 21 May 1856). But he considered …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 March 1856] Clergyman and botanist …
  • … Letter 1836  - Berkeley, M. J. to Darwin, [7 March 1856] Clergyman and botanist Miles …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … it was the subject of his first scientific paper (Müller 1856). In the autumn of 1855, Müller …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1979 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, 27 Oct [1856] Darwin provides detailed …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to write up a ‘preliminary essay’ on his views in 1856, he went back to Fox to check his facts, …
  • … the African explorer and army surgeon William Daniell in 1856 was probably in reply to such a …

Tenth child born

Summary

The Darwins' tenth and last child, Charles Waring Darwin, is born

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The Darwins' tenth and last child, Charles Waring Darwin, is born …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … work preparing his ‘big book’ on species. Begun in May 1856 at the urging of Lyell, the manuscript …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … `big book’,  Natural selection , begun in 1856.  Coming hard on the heels of  The descent of man …

Begins 'Natural Selection'

Summary

Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but later formed the basis for On the Origin of Species

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin begins writing his 'big book', Natural Selection. The book was never finished, but …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

The expression of emotions

Summary

Darwin’s work on emotional expression, from notes in his Beagle diary and observations of his own children, to questionnaires, and experiments with photographs, was an integral part of his broad research on human evolution. It provided one of the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his other children followed, and the record was kept through 1856. Darwin’s wife, Emma also recorded …
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