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To Charles Lyell   8 July [1856]

Summary

Thanks CL for loan of [Matthew Fontaine?] Maury’s map.

Discusses possibility of submerged continental extension including Madeira, Canaries, and Azores.

Mentions icebergs as carriers of European plants.

Hooker’s work on Antarctic flora.

Comments on coolness of tropics in glacial period and consequent migrations. Hooker’s views on this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 July [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1920

Matches: 4 hits

  • … floating timber— See letter from Charles Lyell, [1 July 1856] . CD cited the ninth edition …
  • … ed. 1970, p.  116) Lyell wrote: Letter Darwin July 5, 1856 Icebergs & floating ice between …
  • … see n.  4, below. See letter to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] . CD refers to Maury 1855a, …
  • … CD’s letter of 5 July ( letter to Charles Lyell, 5 July [1856] ). In his journal (Wilson …

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1858]

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Summary

CD has never doubted probability of Bering Strait land connection.

Family illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2203

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 30 July [1856] , and letter from J.  D. …
  • … Hooker, 4 August 1856 ). See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D. …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, especially letters to J.  D. Hooker, 19 July [1856] and …
  • 1856 . The Philosophical Club of the Royal Society, of which both CD and Hooker were members, met monthly. A meeting was held on 21 January 1858 ( Bonney 1919 , p.  137). Leonard Darwin , who had just turned 8, had experienced a breakdown in his health in 1857 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter

From C. J. F. Bunbury   16 April 1856

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Summary

Is interested by what CD tells him about his researches and speculations on species, variation, and distribution. Hopes he will not give up the idea of publishing his views. Advises CD on need for caution and candour. Raises some difficulties with "specific centre" theory of distribution.

Author:  Charles James Fox Bunbury, 8th baronet
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  16 Apr 1856
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 218
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1854

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD’s reply to the letter from C.  J. F. Bunbury, 7 February 1856 . See letter from C.  J. …
  • … 1856] , n.  9, and letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , n.  7. E.  Forbes 1854. …
  • … 7 February 1856 . For Bunbury’s further views on CD’s theories, see letter to C.  J. F. …
  • 1856 My dear Darwin, I hardly know how to account for my long silence, after the very interesting letter

To J. D. Hooker   7 March [1855]

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Summary

Latitude overrules everything in distribution. Alpine distributions are like insular. Tabulating proportions.

T. V. Wollaston’s Madeira insects: many flightless, thus not blown to sea. TVW’s insects do not confirm Forbes’s Atlantis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  7 Mar [1855]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1643

Matches: 2 hits

  • … March 1855] , n.  2. A.  K. Johnston ed. 1856 (see letter to G.  R. Waterhouse, 4 March [ …
  • 1856, plate 24) and collaborated with Alexander Keith Johnston on the ‘Map of geographical distribution of indigenous vegetation’, which also contains a ‘Map of Schouw’s phyto-geographic regions’. A.  Gray 1848 . Darlington 1837 , a second edition of William Darlington’s account of the native and naturalised plants growing in the vicinity of West Chester, Pennsylvania. The first edition did not have the title as given by CD in the letter. …

To J. D. Hooker   5 June [1857]

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Summary

Royal Society medals.

Correlation of variability and abnormal development is G. R. Waterhouse’s law. Relation of this law to polymorphism.

Colouring and marks of ancestral horse deduced from facts observed in pigeons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 201
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2102

Matches: 1 hit

  • … John Richardson for a Royal Medal in 1856 (see letter to Edward Sabine, 23 April [1856] ). …

From Edward Blyth   23 January 1856

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Summary

Believes the goldfish originates from a wild, gold variety of Chinese carp.

Gallinaceous birds.

Crested turkeys.

EB divides the gallinaceous birds into five families on anatomical distinctions.

Wild dog species of India and Asia; ranges of some species, specific identity of others.

The fauna of the Seychelles.

Breeding of fowls in India and Africa.

Occurrence of turkeys in Africa.

Refers to some of his own papers giving fuller details of points raised previously.

Author:  Edward Blyth
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Jan 1856
Classmark:  DAR 98: A122–A125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1825

Matches: 8 hits

  • … See letter from Edward Blyth, 8 January [1856] . Blyth had previously discussed this …
  • … Sporting Review , see letter from Edward Blyth, 8 January 1856 , n.  6. See Correspondence …
  • … do not occur in a state of nature. ’ See letter from Edward Blyth, 8 January 1856 , n.  6. …
  • … The article has not been located. See letter from Edward Blyth, 8 January [1856] , n.  6. …
  • … Blyth’s evidence for this view, see letter from Edward Blyth, 23 February 1856  and n.   …
  • … of Mauritius, see letters from Victor de Robillard , 20 September 1856  and 26 February …
  • … 16. See letter from Edward Blyth , [ c. 22 March 1856] and n.  16. Horace Hayman Wilson …
  • letter (DAR 203), CD noted: ‘variation of wild Gallus Bankiva’. In his discussion of Gallus bankiva in Variation 1: 235, CD noted that in the Indian G.  bankiva , ‘Mr. Blyth finds the tarsus remarkably variable in length. ’ Ogilby 1835 , p.  103–4. Albin 1731–8 , 2: pl. 33. In February 1856, …

To J. D. Hooker   [after 20 January 1857]

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Summary

CD finds Alphonse de Candolle very useful, though JDH has low opinion.

CD argues for accidental introductions explaining some odd distributions, e.g., New Zealand vs Australian plants.

CD’s method.

Diverging affinities in isolated genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [after 20 Jan 1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2033

Matches: 5 hits

  • … The review had been discussed by CD and Hooker in 1856 (see letter to J.  D. …
  • … Hooker, 9 October [1856] ). In his letter to the Hookers (see n.  3, above), Gray had …
  • … command of Matthew Flinders . A.  Gray 1856–7 . See letter to Asa Gray, 1 January [1857] . …
  • … and letter from J.  D. Hooker, [6–9 June 1855] ). Wollaston 1854  and 1856. As Thomas …
  • letter from Asa Gray addressed to both William Jackson Hooker and Joseph Dalton Hooker dated 5 January 1857 ( Asa Gray , Kew Correspondence 1839/73 (137/8), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew). CD refers to Hooker’s criticism of Alphonse de Candolle’s Géographie botanique raisonnée ( A.  de Candolle 1855 ) in his review of the work ([J.  D. Hooker] 1856). …

To Abraham Dee Bartlett   26 May [1861]

Summary

Bearer brings three Porto Santo rabbits. Will ADB keep them and see whether they can be crossed with some other breed? CD believes they have become much reduced in size and modified in colour since their introduction into the island.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Abraham Dee Bartlett
Date:  26 May [1861]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3159

Matches: 2 hits

  • … vol.  6, letter from T.  V.  Wollaston, [February 1856] , and letter to W.  D.   …
  • … 8 [June 1856] . The Darwins were planning to leave soon for Torquay (see letter to W.   …

To J. D. Hooker   19 July [1856]

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Summary

Multiple creations.

Necessity for crossing in plants and animals: JDH to take up the subject; explains separate sexes in trees.

Continental extensions.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  19 July [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 171
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1932

Matches: 4 hits

  • … the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 10 July 1856 , and the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13  July [ …
  • … Darwin Library–CUL. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] . Hooker was an examiner …
  • … the relationship to the letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] . CD had asked Hooker to …
  • … his book on species ( letter to J.  D. Hooker, 13 July [1856] ). Hooker’s reply has not …

From T. V. Wollaston   [c. 27 June 1856]

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Summary

On the relationship of the loss of the powers of flight [in Coleoptera] to increase of bulk.

Author:  Thomas Vernon Wollaston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [c. 27 June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 205.3: 300
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1912A

Matches: 3 hits

  • … the relationship to the letter from Wollaston, [27 June 1856] (see Calendar number 1912). …
  • … posed after reading Wollaston 1856 . Although the letters are incomplete, differences in …
  • … a single letter. Wollaston’s point was described in detail in Wollaston 1856 , pp.  80–92. …

To A. R. Wallace   28 [May 1864]

Summary

Response to ARW’s papers on Papilionidae ["On the phenomena of variation and geographical distribution", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 25 (1866): 1–71; abstract in Reader 3 (1864): 491–3],

and man ["The origin of human races", J. Anthropol. Soc. Lond. 2 (1864): clviii–clxxxvi].

The former is "really admirable" and will be influential.

The idea of the man paper is striking and new. Minor points of difference. Conjectures regarding racial differences; the possible correlation between complexion and constitution. His Query to Army surgeons to determine this point. Offers ARW his notes on man, which CD doubts he will be able to use.

On sexual selection in "our aristocracy"; primogeniture is a scheme for destroying natural selection.

[Letter incorrectly dated March by CD.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Russel Wallace
Date:  28 [May 1864]
Classmark:  The British Library (Add. MS 46434: 39)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4510

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter from C.  J.  Andersson, [6 April 1856] , letter to W.  B.   …
  • … Mantell, 10 April [1856] and n.  5, and Correspondence vol.  8, letter to Thomas Bridges, …

To J. D. Hooker   2 June [1857]

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Summary

Qualifications of John Lindley, Huxley, Albany Hancock, Joseph Prestwich, J. C. Ross, and Francis Beaufort for Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 June [1857]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 199
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2099

Matches: 4 hits

  • … CD had supported his nomination (see letter to Edward Sabine, 23 April [1856] ). …
  • … for the Royal Medal’ ( letter to Edward Sabine, 23 April [1856] ). See letter to William …
  • letter to William Sharpey 2 June [1857] . John Richardson had received one of the Royal Medals in 1856. …
  • … selected that year (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1856] ). The previous year, CD …

To Charles Lyell   3 October [1860]

Summary

Comments on letter from Jeffries Wyman.

Discusses reprinting reviews by Asa Gray.

Mentions views of W. S. Symonds on the geological record.

Discusses descent of turtles and tortoises.

The universality of variation.

Notes only a few species leave modified descendants.

Discusses Apteryx.

Variation among pigeons.

Comments on fertility among hybrids.

Does not agree that he makes natural selection do too much work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.230)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2935

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Dana, 14 July [1856] , and letter from J.  D.   …
  • … and the following letter. CD had asked James Dwight Dana in 1856 whether the blind rats …
  • … Dana, 8 September 1856 . [Gray] 1860c. See letter to Asa Gray, 26 September [1860] . The …

To James Dwight Dana   21 December [1856]

Summary

Thanks for sending paper on geological development (Dana 1856). Discusses infertility of species. Discusses first part of Asa Gray’s paper (A. Gray 1856–7). Thanks for note on the Cave Rat. Discusses a new species of fossil cirripede, in the genus Chthamalus. Explains his interest in pigeon breeding.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  21 Dec [1856]
Classmark:  Catherine Barnes (dealer) (2003)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2020F

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 6). Dana’s letter of 28 November 1856  has not been found. In the manuscript of his ‘big …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Asa Gray, 12 October [1856] . CD’s annotated copy of …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Dana, 29 September [1856] . See also Fossil …
  • … by the reference to the letter from J.  D.  Dana, 8 December 1856 ( Correspondence vol.   …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to T.  H.  Huxley, 9 December [1856] and n.  7; see also …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D.  Dana, 8 December 1856 . CD had told Dana of a …
  • letter of Prof. Dana, with “its system of librations under the influences of nature to which it may be subject”, & this would include both recognised varieties & individual variations. ’ ( Natural selection , p.  105. ) Dana’s paper ‘On the plan of development in the geological history of North America’ was published in the American Journal of Science and Arts (Dana 1856); …

To John Lubbock   23 September [1856]

Summary

Sends review by Quatrefages [de Bréau] of Owen’s Parthenogenesis [1849].

J. D. Dana’s congratulations on JL’s marriage.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  23 Sept [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 283: 12 (EH 88206461)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1960

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on Entomostraca in Lubbock 1855 . See letter to John Lubbock, [14 January 1856] . …
  • … of Daphnia (see letter to John Lubbock, 27 October [1856] ). CD’s annotated copy of Owen …
  • … September 1856 . The passage quoted was probably in the section of the letter that is now …
  • … 6, below) and to the letter from J.  D. Dana, 8 September 1856 . Owen 1849. Lubbock was at …
  • 1856). The wedding took place in Down church. CD’s daughter, Henrietta Emma, aged 13, apparently attended. Letter

To J. D. Hooker   30 July [1856]

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Summary

CD’s predicament with continental extensions: they would remove argument for multiple creations, yet he opposes the doctrine. Lyell will not express an opinion on this.

Lyell fears mutability would lead to more specific names.

Encloses copy of letters to Lyell [1910 and 1917].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  30 July [1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 172, 165, and 167
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1933

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to leave for a holiday in Switzerland (see letter from Asa Gray, [early August 1856] ). …
  • … Lyell’s letters to CD (letters from Charles Lyell , 17 June 1856  and [1 July 1856] ) and …
  • … and 5 July [1856]. The copies are now bound in DAR 114.3 following letters 165 and 167, …
  • … were of identical species. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 19 July [1856] . The Hookers were …
  • … 6. A reference to a letter from Charles Lyell to J.  D. Hooker, dated 25 July 1856 (K.  M. …

CD memorandum   [December 1855]

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Summary

Requests skins of domestic breeds or races of poultry, pigeons, rabbits, cats, and dogs from any unfrequented region. [Attached is a list of people to whom CD has written for pigeon and poultry skins.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  [Dec 1855]
Classmark:  DAR 206: 34–5
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1812

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Peter Wallace, 10 September 1856 . See Correspondence …
  • … vol.  6, letter to Walter Elliot, 23 January 1856 . …
  • … vol.  6, letter from William Freeman Daniell, 8 October – 7 November 1856 . Nathan Davis . …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   4 December [1856]

Summary

Is glad WBT is willing to describe the poultry CD can acquire. Sir James Brooke promises Borneo fowls.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  4 Dec [1856]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2011

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 29 November [1856] . See letter to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 3 November [ …
  • … never completed (Tegetmeier ed. 1856–7). The letter from James Brooke , raja of Saráwak, …

To T. H. Huxley   27 May [1856]

Summary

Has written very strong notes to Lord Overstone and Sir J. W. Lubbock and hopes they will be of service to THH.

Acknowledges receipt of THH’s lecture [unidentified].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  27 May [1856]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 174)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1878

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter to J.  W. Lubbock, 27 May [1856] . Both letters relate to Huxley’s application for …
  • … on 24 May 1856. CD had already received the first two lectures (see letter to J.  D. …

To J. D. Hooker   17–8 [June 1856]

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Summary

Comments on Huxley–Falconer dispute [see "On the method of palaeontology", Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 18 (1856): 43–54].

Wollaston’s On the variation of species [1856].

Has exploded to Lyell against the extension of continents.

Plants common to Europe and NW. America as result of temperate climate.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17–18 [June 1856]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 170
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1904

Matches: 6 hits

  • … is worth your reading. Letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 . The Philosophical Club of …
  • … the variability and fixity of plant species. See letter to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] . …
  • … to the argument, see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 21 [May 1856] . CD’s copy of Falconer 1856   …
  • … by an unidentified hand. Wollaston 1856 . This remark is not in an extant letter; but …
  • … see letter to T.  V. Wollaston, 6 June [1856] . CD refers to the introductory essay of …
  • … In a letter to T.  H. Huxley dated ‘June? 1856’ in L.  Huxley ed. 1918, 1: 427, Hooker …
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Observers |  Fieldwork |  Experimentation |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘ Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Friendship | Mentors | Class | Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

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  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

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  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions as he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

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  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

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  • … When I was in spirits I sometimes fancied that my book w d  be successful; but I never even …
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