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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To W. B. Tegetmeier   15 February [1868]

Summary

Is much obliged that WBT will undertake tabulation of sex ratios in racehorses, greyhounds, and cattle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  15 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5879

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Tegetmeier, 4 June [1856] , and Correspondence vol.  14, letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, [ …
  • … one (Wingfield and Johnson 1856–7). See Correspondence vol.  14, letter from W.  B.   …

To J. J. Weir   29 February [1868]

Summary

JJW’s note on birds was one of the most interesting CD has ever received. Asks several questions. CD is puzzled by cases of magpies whose mates were killed but who always immediately found others.

Alexander Wallace denies any effect of colour in sexual selection among Lepidoptera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Jenner Weir
Date:  29 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5958

Matches: 2 hits

  • … had visited Harrision William Weir in 1856 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  B.   …
  • 1856] ). He is acknowledged for providing information on pigeons in Variation 1: 132 n.  2. Weir’ s name appears on CD’s presentation list for the second printing of Variation (see Correspondence vol.  16, Appendix IV). CD refers to his publisher, John Murray . CD received information on magpies and partridges from William Reeves , a gamekeeper employed by John Lubbock . The note containing this information is in DAR 84.2: 202. See also letter

To A. D. Bartlett   16 February [1868]

Summary

Asks ADB to perform experiment on colour perception in bower-bird.

Asks for rabbit specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Abraham Dee Bartlett
Date:  16 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Wellcome Collection (MS.7781/1–32 item 7)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5401

Matches: 2 hits

  • … to W.  D.  Fox, 8 [June 1856] , and Correspondence vol.  9, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, …
  • 1856 and 1861 when he had skeletonised different rabbits (see, for example, Correspondence vol.  6, letter

From Thomas Henry Huxley   [before 30 January 1868]

Summary

Congratulations on George’s attaining Second Wrangler.

Variation has just arrived. Wishes he had two heads or a body that needed no rest.

Author:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 30 Jan 1868]
Classmark:  DAR 166: 313
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5814

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 3 October [1856] ). Huxley had visited Down …

From J. D. Hooker   28 January 1868

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Summary

Wollaston’s situation hopeless; he must go to Boulogne or Jersey to live. A friend will keep his collection and books together.

JDH’s opinion of Wollaston’s Coleoptera Hesperidum [1867].

Cannot read Duke of Argyll.

CD’s view of Asa Gray as foreign member of Royal Society; compares him to Candolle.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Jan 1868
Classmark:  DAR 102: 189–190
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5807

Matches: 2 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1– 2 May 1856  and n.  7. John …
  • letter from J.  D.   Hooker, [25 January 1868] . Alfred Newton . Hooker refers to Katherine Emily McMurdo , daughter of William Montagu Scott McMurdo . William McMurdo was a brother of Archibald McMurdo , first lieutenant on HMS Terror during the expedition to the Antarctic between 1839 and 1843. (Robert McMurdo, personal communication. ) Wollaston had been among the guests at a weekend party at Down in 1856  …

From Harrison Weir   28 March 1868

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Summary

Recognition of colour by animals.

Author:  Harrison William Weir
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1868
Classmark:  DAR 84.1: 86–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6066

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Society (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 19 November [1856] ). …

To Hermann Müller   23 February [1868]

Summary

Offers to undertake publication of English translation of Fritz Müller’s Für Darwin. W. S. Dallas will translate it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Heinrich Ludwig Hermann (Hermann) Müller
Date:  23 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 146: 430
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5919

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from W.  S.  Dallas, 22 February 1868 . William Sweetland Dallas had translated a work by Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold ( Siebold 1856 ). …

To Asa Gray   9 February [1868]

Summary

Asks that Gray forward a letter to J. T. Rothrock. Variation is selling well. Nearly all chapters were at least partially written before Origin was published.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Asa Gray
Date:  9 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  William Patrick Watson (dealer) (catalogue 19, 2013)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5851F

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from John Murray, 6 February [1868] ); a second printing of 1200 copies appeared in February (Freeman 1977). CD’s ‘big book’ on species was originally drafted between 1856

From Giovanni Canestrini   8 April 1868

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Summary

Reports on Prof. Cornalia’s observations on the proportion of sexes in bees, and in healthy and sick silk moths, in nature and under domestication.

Author:  Giovanni Canestrini
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1868
Classmark:  DAR 86: A28–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6106

Matches: 1 hit

  • Letter from Giovanni Canestrini, 13 March 1868 . The reference is to Emilio Cornalia . Canestrini wrote ‘Bacologen’, evidently a Germanisation of the Italian ‘bacòlogo’, a sericulturist, or breeder of silkworms (the German word is ‘Seidenraupenzüchter’). In his monograph on silkworms ( Cornalia 1856 , …

To Fritz Müller   16 March [1868]

Summary

CD arranging for a translation of FM’s Für Darwin by W. S. Dallas.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  16 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 22)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6014

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from Hermann Müller, 10 March 1868 . CD refers to Wilhelm Engelmann . The reference is to CD’s publisher, John Murray . Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold’s work on parthenogenesis in moths and bees ( Siebold 1856 ) …

To W. S. Dallas   11 November [1868]

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Summary

A letter strongly recommending him for the post of Assistant Secretary of the Geological Society.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Sweetland Dallas
Date:  11 Nov [1868]
Classmark:  Geological Society (LDGSL 286/8); DAR 96: 51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6457

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter of 7 November 1868 , Dallas had asked CD to write a testimonial for him, concerning his application for the post of assistant secretary to the Geological Society of London . CD refers to the Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London ; the Transactions of the Geological Society of London had ceased publication in 1856. …

From Robert Buist   26 February 1868

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Summary

On the pugnacity of male salmon during the spawning season.

Author:  Robert Buist
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  26 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: B76–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5937

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from W.  B.  Tegetmeier, [before 15 February 1868] ). The Stormontfield breed ponds were established in 1853 next to the River Tay, about five miles north of Perth, for the purpose of artificially breeding salmon; the keeper was Peter Marshall ( W.  Brown 1862 , pp.  29, 39). Buist refers to his The Stormontfield piscicultural experiments, 1853–1856 ( …

From Roland Trimen   20 March [1868]

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Summary

On attraction of males by females in moths. H. T. Stainton mentions a case.

Author:  Roland Trimen
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Mar [1868]
Classmark:  DAR 86: A92–3
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6030

Matches: 2 hits

  • 1856–9 , 1: 107), but it is now in the family Lasiocampidae, in the superfamily Bombycoidea ( Moths and butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland ). Trimen refers to the paper ‘On some remarkable mimetic analogies among African butterflies’ ( R.  Trimen 1868 ), which he delivered at the 5 March 1868 meeting of the Linnean Society . John Lubbock and Alfred Russel Wallace (see letter
  • letter to Roland Trimen, 21 February [1868] . Lasiocampa quercus is the oak eggar moth. Trimen also refers to Orgyia antiqua (the vapourer moth), females of which have only vestigial wings and cannot fly, but rely on pheromones to attract males. Henry Tibbats Stainton had noted this in his Manual of British butterflies and moths ( Stainton 1856– …

From George Cupples   10 August 1868

Summary

Thanks for photograph.

Author:  George Cupples
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 Aug 1868
Classmark:  DAR 161: 286
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6310

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856 ) was based on his own experiences; no copy has been found in the Darwin Libraries at Down or CUL.  Cupples had read of CD’s voyage in Journal of researches (see letter

To James Croll   24 November 1868

Summary

Comments on glaciers in North America.

Asks if glacial periods have occurred alternately in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. Relevant to his glacial discoveries in South America: "it would have been an immense relief to my mind if I could have assumed … this". CD wishes to discuss subject in new edition of Origin [5th].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Croll
Date:  24 Nov 1868
Classmark:  DAR 143: 353
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6473

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letters from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 August 1856  and 9 November 1856 ). …

To Alfred Newton   27 February [1868]

Summary

Thanks for corrections of errors [in Variation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Alfred Newton
Date:  27 Feb [1868]
Classmark:  Cambridge University Library (MS Add. 9839/1D/57)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5941

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856; the birds of the region, including A.  cygnoides , are described in Schrenk 1858 , 1: 561 and pl. XV. A second printing of Variation was ordered after all copies of the first edition had been sold (see letter

From William Henty   20 February 1868

Summary

Has read CD’s inquiry about proportional numbers of males and females born to domestic animals [see 5863] and outlines his theory regarding the factors determining the sex of offspring.

Author:  William Henty
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Feb 1868
Classmark:  DAR 166: 181, 183
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5900

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter has not been found in the Gardeners’ Chronicle. The reference is to William Paley’s Principles of moral and political philosophy ; the proportion of males to females is given by Paley as ‘nineteen to eighteen, or thereabouts … which excess provides for the greater consumption of males by war, seafaring, and other dangerous and unhealthy occupations’ ( Paley 1785 , p.  262). Louis Napoleon’s son, Napoléon Eugène Louis John Joseph, was born in 1856. …

From Otto Staudinger   15 May 1868

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Summary

Has often thought CD would find vast material for his ideas in study of entomology and Lepidoptera. His price-list of specimens proves only that collectors of Lepidoptera catch more males than females, not that there are more. He accounts for this by the less active habits of the females. [See Descent 1: 312.]

Author:  Otto Staudinger
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  15 May 1868
Classmark:  DAR 82: A103-6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-6174

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter to Otto Staudinger, 6 May [1868] and n.  4. In Descent 1: 311 and 312, CD reported, apparently erroneously, that Staudinger thought that in specimens reared from the caterpillar stage more females than males died in the cocoon. The family Cossidae (carpenter and leopard moths) and family Sesiidae (clear-winged moths) are both wood-boring in their larval stage. Staudinger wrote on the Sesiidae (Sesiae; see Staudinger 1854 and 1856). …
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Observers |  Fieldwork |  Experimentation |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘ Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Friendship | Mentors | Class | Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions as he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … When I was in spirits I sometimes fancied that my book w d  be successful; but I never even …
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