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Darwin Correspondence Project

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Darwin Correspondence Project
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To J. D. Hooker   [21 May 1867]

Summary

Glad to hear Wallace is contender for Gold Medal. Has highest esteem for his extraordinary talents.

Thanks for H. Barkly’s letter from Mauritius.

Glad to see HB takes same view as CD about bones of deer [see 5395].

Objections to continental extension theory.

Progress [on Variation] very slow.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [21 May 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 26–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5543

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] , and letters to J.  D.   …
  • 1856] and n.  3, and Origin , pp.  357–8. Hooker and CD had disagreed on the subject: see, for example, Correspondence vol.  11, letter

To J. M. Herbert   7 May [1867]

Summary

Contributes to a memorial for Richard Dawes.

Describes his health.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Maurice Herbert
Date:  7 May [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.327)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5529

Matches: 1 hit

  • … with Herbert is a letter to Herbert of 18 November [1856] ( Correspondence vol.  13, …

From John Maurice Herbert   3 May 1867

Summary

Asks whether CD will subscribe to a memorial for Richard Dawes [1793–1867].

Author:  John Maurice Herbert
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  3 May 1867
Classmark:  DAR 166: 184
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5526

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 1846] , and Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  M.  Herbert, 2 January [1856] . …

From Daniel Oliver   8 April 1867

Summary

Arrangements for obtaining Carl Nägeli a set of British Hieracium specimens.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 173: 33
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5494

Matches: 2 hits

  • 1856 ). Nägeli wanted to exchange a set of German and Alpine species of Hieracium (hawkweeds) for a complete set of British species (see letter
  • letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 April [1867] . Backhouse published his Monograph of the British Hieracia in 1856 ( …

To Charles Lyell   31 October [1867]

Summary

Describes seeds transported in locust dung. Discusses other cases of transport and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  31 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.336)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5659

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 3 October [1856] ). According to CD’s ‘ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to P.  H.  Gosse, 28 September 1856  and n.  4). In Origin …

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   6 January [1867]

Summary

Returns some of WBT’s skulls.

His MS is with printer, but book [Variation] will probably not be out until November.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  6 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5347

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856 and 1857; however, the publishers went out of business before the edition was complete (see Correspondence vol.  14, letter

From Bartholomew James Sulivan   11 January 1867

Summary

Has given CD’s queries about expression to W. H. Stirling. Thomas Bridges, the catechist, had previously answered some questions incompletely [see 2643]; BJS forwards them [see Expression].

BJS answers CD’s query about when some calves show their adult colour.

Author:  Bartholomew James Sulivan
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Jan 1867
Classmark:  DAR 177: 288
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5357

Matches: 1 hit

  • … since 1856 (see E.  L.  Bridges 1948 ). In the list of questions sent in the letter to …

To W. D. Fox   6 February [1867]

Summary

Has just sent MS of Variation off to printer. Is in darkness about its merits.

News of family and their health. Riding seems to help him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  6 Feb [1867]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 147)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5392

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter from Salt & Sons, 17 July 1867 ). CD’s eldest sister, Marianne, married Henry Parker (1788–1856); …

To J. D. Hooker   5 April [1867]

Summary

C. Nägeli’s long letter on his four years of work on Hieracium appears to be valuable. Nägeli wants a set of British forms in exchange for German ones.

Sends note on a new genus of Umbelliferae (Drusa) in Canaries; speculates on origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Apr [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 14–16
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5488

Matches: 1 hit

  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from R.  T.  Lowe, 12 April 1856 . The reference is to …

To J. D. Hooker   9 January [1867]

Summary

Criticisms and comments on JDH’s "Insular floras" in Gardeners’ Chronicle [(1867): 6].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9 Jan [1867]
Classmark:  DAR 94: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5353

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 14, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, [24 July 1866] , and Wollaston 1854  and 1856. In his …

From Carl Vogt   23 April 1867

Summary

Asks whether his former pupil, J. J. Moulinié, might translate Variation into French for Reinwald. CV would provide a preface. Encloses letter from Moulinié to Reinwald.

Author:  Carl Vogt
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Apr 1867
Classmark:  DAR 180: 12; DAR 176: 90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5512

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter to him of 12 April [1867], to his friend the publisher Franz Anton Ricker , and to Jean Jacques Moulinié . Vogt refers to Moulinié 1856   …

From J. V. Carus   11 November 1867

Summary

Is not writing prospectus [of Variation] – merely sketch of contents and tenor of first volume for advertisement to booksellers.

Questions on details for the translation.

Publisher anxious to get volume out.

Author:  Julius Victor Carus
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  11 Nov 1867
Classmark:  DAR 161: 65
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5676

Matches: 2 hits

  • letter to J.  V.  Carus, 4 November [1867] and n.  2. Notes 73 and 74 in Variation 1: 325 refer respectively to Gardeners’ Chronicle 1856, …
  • 1856, the other 1855. I have no access to that periodical here, else I should look myself if all is right. The first two words on p.  348 made me ask you, what is “gean”; at first I thought “géant” was meant, but the word is on so prominent a place of the page, that it is not likely to be overlooked. Couldn’t you ask Mr Murray to send the last sheet and preface (if there is one) at once. Schweizerbart (that is, his successor) is quite out of humour; he saw the original advertised and sends me telegrams and letters

To Fritz Müller   26 May [1867]

Summary

Thanks for information on sexual differences.

Orchids; self-sterility and difficulty of getting seeds to germinate.

Dimorphism.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Date:  26 May [1867]
Classmark:  The British Library (Loan MS 10 no 16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5551

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856. Orchid hybrids were produced only at Veitch & Son’s nursery for fifteen years. See Shephard 2003 , pp.  127–9; see also Correspondence vol.  10, letter

From William Henry Kinnaird Gibbons   7 February 1867

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Summary

Asks CD whether he has given any thought to the phenomena of spiritualism.

Author:  W. H. S Gibbons
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  7 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 165: 36
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5394

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856). CD and his family were also social acquaintances of Gibbons and his family ( Shrewsbury Chronicle , 20 September 1825 and 22 September 1826); W.  H.  K.  Gibbons is probably the Mr Gibbon mentioned in the letter

From Fritz Müller   17 July 1867

Summary

Thanks CD for sending F. H. G. Hildebrand’s book on fertilisation [Die Geschlechter-Vertheilung bei den Pflanzen (1867)]

and J. D. Hooker’s "Lecture on insular floras".

Describes work on Rubiaceae, Oxalis,

and on crossing orchids. Lists crosses made.

As for CD’s query concerning sexual differences among invertebrates, he gives the case of the local amphipod, Brachyscellus diversilor. Male differs in shape of antennae and coloration.

Also mentions local fish in sea near Sta Catharina which emits melodic tone to attract females.

Author:  Johann Friedrich Theodor (Fritz) Müller
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  17 July 1867
Classmark:  Möller ed. 1915–21, 2: 130–1
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5583A

Matches: 1 hit

  • 1856, but had just returned to live on the Itajahy (now Itajaí) river near Blumenau, where he bought a new property in September 1867. Müller typically gave his address simply as ‘Itajahy’ until the mid-1870s, when he began to add ‘Blumenau’, but only consistently gave his address as ‘Blumenau’ from 1878 (Möller ed.  1915–21, 3: 94; see also West 2003 , pp.  149–50). Müller had begun a series of crossing experiments with orchids earlier in the year (see letter

From G. H. Darwin   [3 June 1867]

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Summary

Has asked a classics scholar about a word for Pangenesis. He suggests "atomogenesis".

Is getting in rather a fright about the coming exams.

Author:  George Howard Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [3 June 1867]
Classmark:  DAR 210.2: 2
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5561

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter to G.  H.  Darwin, 27 May [1867] ). [G[kuttaros]] is used by Aristotle in his Historia animalium to mean the cell of a honey-comb (Liddell and Scott comps.  1996). Emma Darwin visited Cambridge from 22 to 25 May 1867 ( Emma Darwin’s diary (DAR 242)). It is not known who accompanied her. Goloptious: a slang or humorous term meaning ‘delightful’, first appearing in print (as ‘galoptious’) in 1856 ( …

From William Turner   8 February 1867

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Summary

On muscles in man for moving skin, hair, ears, etc.

Author:  William Turner
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  8 Feb 1867
Classmark:  DAR 80: B152–3c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5396

Matches: 1 hit

  • letter to William Turner, 1 February [1867] . See also nn.  5 and 6, below. CD discussed the movement of ears in humans and other mammals in Descent 1: 20–3. See also Expression , pp.  111–15. Turner refers to the arrectores pili, smooth, involuntary muscles connecting the corium, or dermis, to the hair follicle; when these muscles contract, they cause gooseflesh ( cutis anserina ). Joseph Lister discussed the cellular structure of involuntary muscles in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science ( Lister 1856 ); …
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Observers |  Fieldwork |  Experimentation |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘ Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Friendship | Mentors | Class | Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions as he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … When I was in spirits I sometimes fancied that my book w d  be successful; but I never even …
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