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To Charles Lyell   [25 June 1858]

Summary

Everything in Wallace’s sketch also appears in CD’s sketch of 1844. A year ago CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now that Wallace has sent outline of his views? "I would far rather burn my whole book than that he or any man shd. think that I had behaved in a paltry spirit." Does not believe Wallace originated his views from anything CD wrote to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2294

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] ). …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] . See letter to A.  R. …
  • 1856, CD had given up the idea of a short sketch in favour of a much longer work (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter

To J. D. Hooker   11 March [1858]

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Summary

JDH’s "objection" that small local genera do not vary and mundane ones do, is exactly CD’s point. Local floras useful to test idea that varieties are incipient species. Same genus in different countries cannot be lumped.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 Mar [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 228
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2239

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to Hooker’s calculations on Weddell 1856 (see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] ). …

To J. D. Hooker   15 January [1858]

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Summary

CD has never doubted probability of Bering Strait land connection.

Family illness.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 221
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2203

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 30 July [1856] , and letter from J.  D. …
  • … Hooker, 4 August 1856 ). See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D. …
  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, especially letters to J.  D. Hooker, 19 July [1856] and …
  • 1856 . The Philosophical Club of the Royal Society, of which both CD and Hooker were members, met monthly. A meeting was held on 21 January 1858 ( Bonney 1919 , p.  137). Leonard Darwin , who had just turned 8, had experienced a breakdown in his health in 1857 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter

To William Bernhard Tegetmeier   17 January [1858]

Summary

Has received Burmese fowls’ skins from Walter Elliot.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  17 Jan [1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2205

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Walter Elliot, 23 January 1856 ). CD received one …
  • … 1857 ( ibid. vol.  6, letters to W.  B.Tegetmeier, 3 November [1856] and to J.  D. Hooker, …
  • letter to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 14 April [1858] , that this was a mistake. CD had asked Walter Elliot , a member of the council of the governor of Madras, to send him skins of domestic pigeons and poultry in 1856 ( …

To Charles Lyell   18 July [1858]

Summary

Thanks for abstract of Etna paper [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 148 (1858): 703–86]. Never expected to see Élie de Beaumont’s theory ["craters of elevation"] so completely upset. "He must have picked out favourable cases for measurement."

More than satisfied by what was done at Linnean Society [joint reading of CD’s and Wallace’s papers: "Tendency of species to form varieties", Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Intends to prepare longer abstract.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 July [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2309

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3 and 4, and vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 21 April [1856] . See letter from J.  D. …

To Gardeners’ Chronicle   [before 13 November 1858]

Summary

Reports the decreased yield of pods resulting from excluding bees from the flowers of the kidney bean. Gives other observations suggesting the importance of bees in the fertilisation of papilionaceous flowers.

Cites cases of crosses between varieties of bean grown close together and requests observations from readers on the subject. States his belief "that is a law of nature that every organic being should occasionally be crossed with a different individual of the same species".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Gardeners’ Chronicle
Date:  [before 13 Nov 1858]
Classmark:  Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural Gazette, 13 November 1858, pp. 828–9
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2359

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1855] ; and vol.  6, letter to M.  J. Berkeley, 29 February [1856] , and letter from M.   …
  • … March 1856 . CD’s reference has not been traced. He presumably refers to Letters and …

To Walter Elliot   12 December [1858]

Summary

Thanks WE for an oriental treatise on pigeons, a paper on poultry, and specimens.

Asks about stripes on shoulders and legs of horses and donkeys.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Walter Elliot
Date:  12 Dec [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.162)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2380

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Walter Elliot, 26 January 1856) . The treatise to which …
  • … 7, below). Elliot’s letter has not been found. He had corresponded with CD since 1856 (see …
  • 1856. See Correspondence vol.  6 and Variation 1: 132 n.  1. CD received a shipment of Burmese fowls sent by Elliot earlier in the year (see letter

To T. C. Eyton   11 October [1858]

Summary

Asks about dirt clinging to feet of birds as means of seed distribution.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Campbell Eyton
Date:  11 Oct [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.159)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2338

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to T.  C. Eyton, 31 August [1856] ). See also letter to W.  E. Darwin, 22 [September …

From J. D. Hooker   18 March 1858

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Summary

Continued objections to methods and conclusions of CD’s survey.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  18 Mar 1858
Classmark:  DAR 100: 115e–f
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2243

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Weddell 1856 . See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 10 [March 1858] . Hooker’s tabulation and some …

To J. D. Hooker   9[–10] November [1858]

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Summary

Lyell receives Copley Medal; CD to write notes for JDH’s éloge of Lyell.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  9[–10] Nov [1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 253
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2355

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 1855] ; and vol.  6, letter to Edward Sabine, 23 April [1856] . CD’s notes have not been …
  • … Royal Medals in 1855 and 1856, respectively. See Correspondence vol.  5, letter to T.  H. …
  • … 1858]; and vol.  6, letters to J.  D. Hooker, 8 April [1856] , to Edward Sabine , 23  …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   [21 April 1858]

Summary

"Excessively" interested in theory of bees’ cell formation.

Fears few of his pigeons will be of any use to WBT.

Hopes WBT will describe foreign poultry breeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  [21 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox Collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2260

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of London ( ibid . , letters to W.  B. Tegetmeier, [July 1856] and 11 February [1857] ). …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letters to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 29 November [1856] and 4 December [ …
  • letters in the same issue, however, discuss the theory first proposed by the noted bee-keeper Jan Dzierzon and later developed by Karl Theodor Ernst von Siebold ( Siebold 1856 ) …
  • letter to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 14 April [1858] . CD recorded that he began writing about pigeons on 14 June 1858 (‘Journal’; Appendix II). During 1856  …
  • letter to W.  B. Tegetmeier, 14 April [1858] , n.  5. Temminck 1813–15 . CD recorded having read this work in 1847 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 119: 19a). His notes on it are in DAR 71: 6–19. CD refers to the 1856  …

From William Allport Leighton   19 November 1858

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Summary

Sends an account of different colours and shapes of seeds raised from ordinary seeds of scarlet runner. [See Cross and self-fertilisation, p. 151.]

Author:  William Allport Leighton
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 Nov 1858
Classmark:  DAR 77: 149–51
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2366

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bristol, Herefordshire and Shropshire 1856). See letter to W.  A. Leighton, 21 November [ …

To Leonard Jenyns   [28 April 1858]

Summary

Returns MS [of "Variation of species"]; several facts were new to him, especially interested in wagtails.

Wishes he could swallow Florent Prévost on sparrows ["Du régime alimentaire des oiseaux", C. R. Hebd. Acad. Sci. 46 (1858): 136–8].

LJ’s facts seem to bear out CD’s conclusion that secondary sexual characters were most variable of all.

Explains how he intends to deal with variation, and general facts in natural history in the light of species theory. Can only afford one chapter on variation in nature. It seems more important to make out variation in domestic animals.

Asks for facts on birds’ nests for his chapter on instincts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  [28 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2264

Matches: 3 hits

  • … manuscript of Jenyns 1856 , which CD had asked to see in his letter to Leonard Jenyns, 9  …
  • … see letter to Leonard Jenyns, 18 April [1858] ). CD’s notes about Jenyns 1856  are in DAR …
  • Letter from Leonard Jenyns, [ before 18 April 1858] . CD refers to the ornithologist Florent Prévost , who divided sparrows into three groups according to their coloration and geographical location. Jenyns had referred to this case, without citing Prévost, in Jenyns 1856 , …

From J. D. Hooker   [26 December 1858]

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Summary

JDH cannot abide CD’s connection of wide-ranging species and "highness". Australian flora contradicts this in many ways.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [26 Dec 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 100: 125–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2385

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Asa Gray, 4 November 1856 . Hooker’s review of …
  • … 5, letter from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] ). He published these views in 1856 (see n.   …

To Leonard Jenyns   9 April [1858]

Summary

Asks LJ to lend him a copy of his paper ["Variation of species", Rep. BAAS 26 (1856): 101–5] and any notes or references he has. Although CD has a large accumulation of facts, it is impossible to see and consider too many.

His health is poor.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Date:  9 Apr [1858]
Classmark:  Bath Royal Literary and Scientific Institution
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2253

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  S. Henslow, 2 August 1856 ). CD went to Moor Park …
  • 1856 British Association meeting on the variability and possible transmutation of cultivated plants. CD had corresponded with him in 1857 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter
  • letter to Leonard Jenyns, 1 April [1858] , and by CD’s reference to a forthcoming trip to Moor Park (see n.  3, below). The Athenæum , 16 August 1856, …

To J. D. Hooker   10 [March 1858]

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Summary

Heartened that tabulations of small and large genera done in different ways yield good results. JDH has done some tabulations but has not followed CD’s method of getting equal numbers of small and large genera.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 [Mar 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 227
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2237

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CD’s techniques, on data drawn from Weddell 1856 . See letter from J.  D. Hooker, 18 March …

From Leonard Jenyns   [before 18 April 1858]

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Summary

[Copy of some rough notes.] References about species. Variations within species.

Author:  Leonard Jenyns; Leonard Blomefield
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 18 Apr 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 45: 20–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2250

Matches: 5 hits

  • … about the birds of Madeira in 1856 (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from E.  W. …
  • … animals ( letter to Leonard Jenyns, 9 April [1858] ). The ‘paper’ is Jenyns 1856 . Gould …
  • … V. Harcourt, 31 May 1856) . The information, as given in the letter, was printed in a …
  • 1856): 510–11). Wallace 1855 . CD’s notes on this paper are interleaved with his copy of the issue of Annals and Magazine of Natural History in which it appeared (Darwin Library–CUL). See Correspondence vol.  5, letter
  • 1856 . Drummond 1843 . The paper was a list of birds found in Corfu drawn up by Henry Maurice Drummond and forwarded to Annals and Magazine of Natural History by Hugh Edwin Strickland , who provided additional notes. CD’s copy is in the Darwin Library–CUL. A letter

To Charles Lyell   18 [June 1858]

Summary

Encloses MS by A. R. Wallace. CD has been forestalled. " . . . if Wallace had my MS sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short abstract!" Wallace does not say if he wishes CD to publish MS, but CD will offer to send it to journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 [June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2285

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ). Shortly before that …
  • letter of 22 December 1857  that CD mentions that Lyell (and Edward Blyth ) called his attention to the paper (see Correspondence vol.  6). In 1856, …
  • letter was probably posted between 5 and 19 March 1858 and and should therefore have arrived at Down in May ( Brooks 1969  and 1984) or early June ( McKinney 1972 ). See also the Introduction to this volume. CD refers to a visit to Down made by Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell from 13  to 16 April 1856. …

To the Secretary, Royal Society   28 September 1858

Summary

Recommends W. B. Carpenter’s latest part of memoir on Foraminifera be published in Philosophical Transactions [R. Soc. Lond. 149 (1859): 1–41].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Royal Society of London
Date:  28 Sept 1858
Classmark:  The Royal Society (RR3: 41)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2330

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 18 August 1855 , and vol.  6, letter to the Secretary, Royal Society, 18 July 1856 ). …

To John Lubbock   30 [March? 1858]

Summary

Comments and criticisms on JL’s paper [possibly: "On the development of Chloëon dimidiatum", Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 24 (1863): 61–78].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Lubbock, 4th baronet and 1st Baron Avebury
Date:  30 [Mar? 1858]
Classmark:  DAR 263: 23 (EH 88206472)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2397

Matches: 1 hit

  • … history’ ( T.  H. Huxley 1856–7 ) (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  D. Hooker, …
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Observers |  Fieldwork |  Experimentation |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘ Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Friendship | Mentors | Class | Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions as he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … When I was in spirits I sometimes fancied that my book w d  be successful; but I never even …
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