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To Charles Lyell   13 April [1857]

Summary

CD returns a letter from Wollaston.

Although opposed to the Forbesian doctrine [of continental extension] as a general rule, CD would have no objection to its being proved in some cases. Does not think Wollaston has proved it; nor can anyone until more is known about the means of distribution of insects – but the identity of the two faunas is certainly interesting.

His health is very poor and his "everlasting species-Book" quite overwhelms him with work. It is beyond his powers, but he hopes to live to finish it.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  13 Apr [1857]
Classmark:  The University of Edinburgh Centre for Research Collections (Gen.109/702)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2077

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 25 June [1856] , and letters from Charles Lyell , 17 June 1856 , and from T.   …
  • … V. Wollaston, [27 June 1856]. See letter to Charles Lyell, 10 November [1856] , n.  4. CD …
  • … for geographical distribution. See letters to Charles Lyell , 16 [June 1856] and …

To Charles Lyell   [25 June 1858]

Summary

Everything in Wallace’s sketch also appears in CD’s sketch of 1844. A year ago CD sent a short sketch of his views to Asa Gray. Can CD honourably publish his sketch now that Wallace has sent outline of his views? "I would far rather burn my whole book than that he or any man shd. think that I had behaved in a paltry spirit." Does not believe Wallace originated his views from anything CD wrote to him.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  [25 June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.153)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2294

Matches: 3 hits

  • … from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 , and letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] ). …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] . See letter to A.  R. …
  • 1856, CD had given up the idea of a short sketch in favour of a much longer work (see Correspondence vol.  6, letter

To Charles Lyell   20 November [1860]

Summary

Admires Edward Forbes’s theory of continental extensions, but it will discourage investigation of distribution.

Mentions Oswald Heer’s proposed map of Atlantis.

Discusses extinction of plants caused by the glacial era. Migration of plants and animals during glacial period.

Encourages CL’s work [on Antiquity of man (1863)].

Comments on unfriendly reviews. Asks CL’s opinion about including a reply to reviewers in next edition of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  20 Nov [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.233)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2989

Matches: 4 hits

  • … from J.  D.  Hooker, 4 August 1856 , and letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 5 August [1856] . …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] . Heer 1855 . Lyell was …
  • … E.  Forbes 1846 . See preceding letter. In 1856, when he was composing his species …
  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . See, for example, …

To Charles Lyell   16 [June 1856]

Summary

Condemns theory of Edward Forbes and others that many islands were formerly connected to South America by now submerged continents.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  16 [June 1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.131)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1902

Matches: 3 hits

  • … in letter to S.  P. Woodward, 27 May 1856 . See also letter from S.  P. Woodward, 4  …
  • … 1836–50; Heer 1855 (see letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ); and Maury 1855a. …
  • … by Lyell’s reply (see letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 ). E.  Forbes 1846 , pp.   …

To Charles Lyell   3 May [1856]

Summary

Discusses possibility of publishing a sketch of his views.

Comments on CL’s letter [1862].

Mentions various geological topics.

Asks to borrow publication by Heer.

Mentions flight of Colymbetes over ocean.

Recalls visit by Wollaston.

Notes views of Hooker and Huxley on species.

Mentions ability of ducks to transport plant seeds.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 May [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.127)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1866

Matches: 5 hits

  • … letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . See letter to Charles Lyell, 21 April [1856] . …
  • … Heer 1855 . See letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 . CD mentioned this case in …
  • … more & more unorthodox’ ( letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856  and n.  7). CD further …
  • … with J.  D. Hooker (see letters to J.  D. Hooker, 9 May [1856] and 11 May [1856] ) before …
  • … in tree roots (see letter to W.  E. Darwin, [26 February 1856] ). The case referred to …

To Charles Lyell   8 July [1856]

Summary

Thanks CL for loan of [Matthew Fontaine?] Maury’s map.

Discusses possibility of submerged continental extension including Madeira, Canaries, and Azores.

Mentions icebergs as carriers of European plants.

Hooker’s work on Antarctic flora.

Comments on coolness of tropics in glacial period and consequent migrations. Hooker’s views on this.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 July [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.134)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1920

Matches: 4 hits

  • … floating timber— See letter from Charles Lyell, [1 July 1856] . CD cited the ninth edition …
  • … ed. 1970, p.  116) Lyell wrote: Letter Darwin July 5, 1856 Icebergs & floating ice between …
  • … see n.  4, below. See letter to Charles Lyell, 16 [June 1856] . CD refers to Maury 1855a, …
  • … CD’s letter of 5 July ( letter to Charles Lyell, 5 July [1856] ). In his journal (Wilson …

To Charles Lyell   3 October [1860]

Summary

Comments on letter from Jeffries Wyman.

Discusses reprinting reviews by Asa Gray.

Mentions views of W. S. Symonds on the geological record.

Discusses descent of turtles and tortoises.

The universality of variation.

Notes only a few species leave modified descendants.

Discusses Apteryx.

Variation among pigeons.

Comments on fertility among hybrids.

Does not agree that he makes natural selection do too much work.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  3 Oct [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.230)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2935

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to J.  D.  Dana, 14 July [1856] , and letter from J.  D.   …
  • … and the following letter. CD had asked James Dwight Dana in 1856 whether the blind rats …
  • … Dana, 8 September 1856 . [Gray] 1860c. See letter to Asa Gray, 26 September [1860] . The …

To Charles Lyell   8 [May 1860]

Summary

Did not know about separation between Silurian and Cambrian.

Cannot attend Geological Society meeting.

Etty [Henrietta Darwin] ill.

Sedgwick in his attack at Cambridge Philosophical Society states "there must be [on CD’s theory] large genera not varying".

Discusses migration of plants and animals from Old World to New.

Views of Asa Gray on Aster.

Mentions flora of coal period.

Has been elected to Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 [May 1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.211)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2788

Matches: 3 hits

  • … 25 June [1856] , and letters from Charles Lyell , 17  …
  • … 1856. See Correspondence vol.  6, especially letters to Charles Lyell , 16 [June 1856] and …
  • 1856] . CD was drafting chapters on pigeons that were eventually published in Variation (see ‘Journal’; Appendix II). CD had been elected as a corresponding member of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia (see letter

To Charles Lyell   10 November [1856]

Summary

Illnesses of Mrs Horner and Emma Darwin.

Death of Sarah Elizabeth Wedgwood.

Mentions work on his "Big Book" [Natural selection].

Remarks on J. A. H. de Bosquet’s discovery of a Chthamalus in the Chalk.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Nov [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1984

Matches: 2 hits

  • … letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ). See letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 9  …
  • … in September (see letter to W.  D. Fox, 3 October [1856] ). Lyell had been working for …

To Charles Lyell   18 July [1858]

Summary

Thanks for abstract of Etna paper [Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. 148 (1858): 703–86]. Never expected to see Élie de Beaumont’s theory ["craters of elevation"] so completely upset. "He must have picked out favourable cases for measurement."

More than satisfied by what was done at Linnean Society [joint reading of CD’s and Wallace’s papers: "Tendency of species to form varieties", Collected papers 2: 3–19]. Intends to prepare longer abstract.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 July [1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.155)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2309

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 3 and 4, and vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 21 April [1856] . See letter from J.  D. …

To Charles Lyell   5 July [1856]

Summary

Discusses theory of submerged continental extensions. Objects that if it is applied to one island, it must be applied to all. Admits that some volcanoes may have been associated with subsidence, in contrast to his former view. Cites evidence from S. American Cordillera. Doubts that elevation associated with volcanoes is merely local, and that great ocean areas are necessarily sinking.

Says he will make his essay [on species] as complete as possible and will discuss CL’s Principles.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  5 July [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.133)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1917

Matches: 3 hits

  • … DAR 50 (ser.  4): 1–5. Letter from Charles Lyell, 1 July 1856 . CD refers to his map (pl. …
  • … on natural selection (see letter to Charles Lyell, 3 May [1856] ). From an entry in Lyell’ …
  • … the subject was raised in the letter from Charles Lyell, 1 July 1856 , and that Lyell had …

To Charles Lyell   10 January [1860]

Summary

Comments on corrections [in Origin, 2d ed. (1860)], especially on use of Wallace’s name.

Discusses human evolution with respect to CL’s work. Cites expression as a source of evidence.

Andrew Murray’s criticisms of the Origin involving blind insects in caves [Edinburgh New Philos. J. n.s. 11 (1860): 141–51].

Humorously describes human ancestors.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  10 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.191)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2647

Matches: 4 hits

  • … See Correspondence vol.  6, letters from Thomas Hutton , 8 March 1856 , and from W.  F. …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Herbert Spencer, 11 March [1856] ). CD’s copy of this …
  • … Daniell, 8 October – 7 November 1856; and vol.  7, letter to Asa Gray, 18 November [ …
  • Letter to Thomas Bridges, 6 January 1860 . Spencer 1855 , which Herbert Spencer presented to CD in 1856 ( …

To Charles Lyell   25 June [1856]

Summary

Criticises at length the concept of submerged continents attaching islands to the mainland in the recent period. Notes drastic alteration of geography required, the dissimilar species on opposite shores of continents, and differences between volcanic islands and mountains of mainland areas. Admits sea-bed subsidence, but not enough to engulf continents. Denies that theory can explain island flora and fauna.

Considers Edward Forbes’s idea a check on study of dissemination of species.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  25 June [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.132)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1910

Matches: 2 hits

  • … by the relationship to the letter from Charles Lyell, 17 June 1856 . The remainder of the …
  • letters to Charles Lyell , [3 October 1846] , and to A.  C. Ramsay, 10 October [1846]). CD may have met Ramsay on 18 June 1856  …

To Charles Lyell   14 January [1860]

Summary

Review of Origin in Gardeners’ Chronicle [31 Dec 1859].

Criticises views of J. G. Jeffreys on non-migration of shells. Cites case of Galapagos shells.

Mentions Edward Forbes’s theory of submerged continental extensions. Cites Hooker’s [introductory] essay [in Flora Tasmaniae (1860)] for evidence against any recent connection between Australia and New Zealand.

Discusses Huxley’s views of hybrid sterility.

Questions whether Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire believed in species change. Mentions views of Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire.

The distribution of cave insects.

CD’s study of man.

The problems of locating French and German translators.

Huxley’s criticism of Owen’s views on human classification.

The sale of Origin.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  14 Jan [1860]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.192)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2650

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 25 June [1856] ). Hooker 1859, p.   …
  • … vol.  7, letter to J.  G.  Jeffreys, 29 December [1859] ). Jeffreys 1856 . There is an …
  • letter is really not worth sending: he says nothing about migration but only refers me to his paper on Testacea of Piedmont in Annals & Mag.  of Nat. History for Feb.  1856. …

To Charles Lyell   18 [June 1858]

Summary

Encloses MS by A. R. Wallace. CD has been forestalled. " . . . if Wallace had my MS sketch written out in 1842 he could not have made a better short abstract!" Wallace does not say if he wishes CD to publish MS, but CD will offer to send it to journal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  18 [June 1858]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.152)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-2285

Matches: 3 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter from Charles Lyell, 1–2 May 1856 ). Shortly before that …
  • letter of 22 December 1857  that CD mentions that Lyell (and Edward Blyth ) called his attention to the paper (see Correspondence vol.  6). In 1856, …
  • letter was probably posted between 5 and 19 March 1858 and and should therefore have arrived at Down in May ( Brooks 1969  and 1984) or early June ( McKinney 1972 ). See also the Introduction to this volume. CD refers to a visit to Down made by Charles and Mary Elizabeth Lyell from 13  to 16 April 1856. …

To Charles Lyell   21 April [1856]

Summary

Speculates about cause of inclination in unusual columns of lava. Suggests CL check with William Hopkins about sliding movements in viscid matter.

Comments on CL’s expedition to Madeira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Apr [1856]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.126)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1855

Matches: 2 hits

  • … An unpublished letter from Lyell to Georg Hartung , dated 11 and 15 April 1856, indicates …
  • letter, a topic that was discussed during Lyell’s visit to Down House, 13–16 April 1856 ( …

To Charles Lyell   21 February [1865]

Summary

Belated thanks to CL for copy of Elements. Praises CL’s work. Notes especially Atlantic continents, the Weald, the Purbeck beds, glacial action, and the formation of lake-basins.

Also mentions account of Heer’s work

and CD’s disagreement with J. D. Forbes.

Suggests that CL have Murray print a two-volume edition [of the Elements].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  21 Feb [1865]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.306)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4775

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 13 March 1846] , and Correspondence vol.  6, letters to Charles Lyell , 16 [June 1856] and …
  • 1856] . For CD’s earlier discussions of Heer’s hypothesised continent once connecting Europe and the Americas, see Correspondence vol.  8, letter

To Charles Lyell   7 February [1866]

Summary

Discussion of Mrs Agassiz’s letter [to Mary Lyell, forwarded to CD] regarding S. American glacial action,

with comments on Bunbury’s letter on temperate plants.

Refers to opinions of Agassiz, David Forbes, Hooker, and CD on glacial period and glaciers.

Wishes he had published a long chapter on glacial period [Natural selection, pp. 535–66] written ten years ago.

Tells of death of his sister, Catherine, and other family matters.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  7 Feb [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.312)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4999

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to Charles Lyell, 8  July [1856] , and Correspondence …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 November 1856  and n.  2). CD argued …

To Charles Lyell   31 October [1867]

Summary

Describes seeds transported in locust dung. Discusses other cases of transport and migration.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  31 Oct [1867]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.336)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5659

Matches: 2 hits

  • … see Correspondence vol.  6, letter to W.  D.  Fox, 3 October [1856] ). According to CD’s ‘ …
  • … Correspondence vol.  6, letter to P.  H.  Gosse, 28 September 1856  and n.  4). In Origin …

To Charles Lyell   8 March [1866]

Summary

Gives details of enclosed MS on cool period. Mentions Hooker’s opposed "axis of the earth" view. Causes of glacial period are beyond CD; "cannot believe change in land and water being more than a subsidiary agent".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Lyell, 1st baronet
Date:  8 Mar [1866]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.316)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-5028

Matches: 1 hit

  • … CD also refers to the letter from J.  D.  Hooker, 9 November 1856 ( Correspondence vol.   …
Document type
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Lyell, Charlesdisabled_by_default
Correspondent
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Darwin in letters, 1856-1857: the 'Big Book'

Summary

In May 1856, Darwin began writing up his 'species sketch’ in earnest. During this period, his working life was completely dominated by the preparation of his 'Big Book', which was to be called Natural selection. Using letters are the main…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … On 14 May 1856, Charles Darwin recorded in his journal that he ‘Began by Lyell’s advice  writing …

Darwin and Fatherhood

Summary

Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten children. It is often assumed that Darwin was an exceptional Victorian father. But how extraordinary was he? The Correspondence Project allows an unusually…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Charles Darwin married Emma Wedgwood in 1839 and over the next seventeen years the couple had ten …

Dramatisation script

Summary

Re: Design – Adaptation of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Asa Gray and others… by Craig Baxter – as performed 25 March 2007

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Re: Design – performance version – 25 March 2007 – 1 Re: Design – Adaptation of the …

Origin

Summary

Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to establish priority for the species theory he had spent over twenty years researching. Darwin never intended to write Origin, and had resisted suggestions in 1856…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin’s most famous work, Origin, had an inauspicious beginning. It grew out of his wish to …

Six things Darwin never said – and one he did

Summary

Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly attributed to Darwin that never flowed from his pen.

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Spot the fakes! Darwin is often quoted – and as often misquoted. Here are some sayings regularly …

Dates of composition of Darwin's manuscript on species

Summary

Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s manuscript on species (DAR 8--15.1, inclusive; transcribed and published as Natural selection). This manuscript, begun in May 1856, was nearly completed by…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Many of the dates of letters in 1856 and 1857 were based on or confirmed by reference to Darwin’s …

Women’s scientific participation

Summary

Observers | Fieldwork | Experimentation | Editors and critics | Assistants Darwin’s correspondence helps bring to light a community of women who participated, often actively and routinely, in the nineteenth-century scientific community. Here is a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Observers |  Fieldwork |  Experimentation |  Editors and critics  |  Assistants …

Descent

Summary

There are more than five hundred letters associated with the research and writing of Darwin’s book, Descent of man and selection in relation to sex (Descent). They trace not only the tortuous route to eventual publication, but the development of Darwin’s…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘ Our ancestor was an animal which breathed water, had a swim-bladder, a great swimming …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Friendship | Mentors | Class | Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a …

Darwin in letters, 1863: Quarrels at home, honours abroad

Summary

At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of The variation of animals and plants under domestication, anticipating with excitement the construction of a hothouse to accommodate his increasingly varied botanical experiments…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … At the start of 1863, Charles Darwin was actively working on the manuscript of  The variation of …

Darwin in letters, 1872: Job done?

Summary

'My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, 'is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I can do, shall be chiefly new work’, and the tenor of his correspondence throughout the year is one of wistful reminiscence, coupled with a keen eye…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … ‘My career’, Darwin wrote towards the end of 1872, ‘is so nearly closed. . .  What little more I …

Language: key letters

Summary

How and why language evolved bears on larger questions about the evolution of the human species, and the relationship between man and animals. Darwin presented his views on the development of human speech from animal sounds in The Descent of Man (1871),…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The origin of language was investigated in a wide range of disciplines in the nineteenth century. …

Hermann Müller

Summary

Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the younger brother of Fritz Müller (1822–97). Following the completion of his secondary education at Erfurt in 1848, he studied natural sciences at Halle and Berlin…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Hermann (Heinrich Ludwig Hermann) Müller, was born in Mühlberg near Erfurt in 1829. He was the …

Darwin in letters, 1858-1859: Origin

Summary

The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet rural existence filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on species, he was jolted into action by the arrival of an unexpected letter from Alfred Russel Wallace…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … The years 1858 and 1859 were, without doubt, the most momentous of Darwin’s life. From a quiet …

Correlation of growth: deaf blue-eyed cats, pigs, and poison

Summary

As he was first developing his ideas, among the potential problems Darwin recognised with natural selection was how to account for developmental change that conferred no apparent advantage.  He proposed a ‘mysterious law’ of ‘correlation of growth’ where…

Matches: 1 hits

  • …   Darwin made many changes to the text of Origin across different editions as he …

Darwin in letters, 1865: Delays and disappointments

Summary

The year was marked by three deaths of personal significance to Darwin: Hugh Falconer, a friend and supporter; Robert FitzRoy, captain of the Beagle; and William Jackson Hooker, director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and father of Darwin’s friend…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … In 1865, the chief work on Charles Darwin’s mind was the writing of  The variation of animals and …

The writing of "Origin"

Summary

From a quiet rural existence at Down in Kent, filled with steady work on his ‘big book’ on the transmutation of species, Darwin was jolted into action in 1858 by the arrival of an unexpected letter (no longer extant) from Alfred Russel Wallace outlining a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … When I was in spirits I sometimes fancied that my book w d  be successful; but I never even …
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