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To ?   19 December [1852 or 1854]

Summary

Ray Society has given CD 22 copies [of Living Cirripedia, vol. 1].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 Dec [1852 or 1854]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1464

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To ?    19 December [1852 or 1854] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.100) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Dec 1852 19 Dec 1854 Unidentified …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …

To J. D. Hooker   15 November [1854]

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Summary

Calculating small number of species in aberrant genera of insects and plants.

Joachim Barrande’s "Colonies", Élie de Beaumont’s "lines of Elevation", Forbes’s "Polarity" make CD despair, as these theories lead to conclusions opposite to CD’s from the same classes of facts.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1601

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   15 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 156 Charles Robert Darwin Down 15 Nov [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, [6 November 1854] , n.  10. …
  • … Agricultural Gazette , no. 45, 11 November 1854, pp.  727–8, carried a short extract from …
  • … Edward Forbes. See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 7 July [1854] , n.  9. See letter from …
  • … letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  1. Waterhouse 1845, p.  19 n. There …
  • … See letter from G.  R. Waterhouse, 11 November 1854 , n.  2, for CD’ s purpose in studying …

To Robert Patterson   6 April [1854]

Summary

He has returned William Thompson’s MSS and, he believes, all his specimens of Cirripedia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Robert Patterson
Date:  6 Apr [1854]
Classmark:  Praeger 1935, p. 713
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1565

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Robert Patterson   6 April [1854] …
  • … Praeger 1935, p. 713 Charles Robert Darwin Down 6 Apr [1854] Robert Patterson …
  • … DOWN, FARNBOROUGH, KENT Ap. 6th. [1854] MY DEAR SIR A sharp attack of unwellness has …
  • … 5, Appendix I), CD recorded on 9 September 1854: ‘Finished packing up all my cirripedes. ’ …
  • … See letter to Robert Patterson, 21 August [1854] . Praeger 1935 , p.  711, …
  • … Patterson to his wife Mary, dated 2 May 1854, in which Patterson described ‘some pleasant …

To the Palaeontographical Society   [before 24 February 1854]

Summary

Letter from CD about a monograph of fossil Balanidae. Resolved that CD be asked to complete the monograph.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Palaeontographical Society
Date:  [before 24 Feb 1854]
Classmark:  British Geological Survey Archives (Palaeontographical Society minutes)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1555

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To the Palaeontographical Society   [before 24 February 1854] …
  • … minutes) Charles Robert Darwin unstated [before 24 Feb 1854] Palaeontographical Society …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Palaeontographical Society council on 24 February 1854, from which the text given here has …
  • … the introduction to Living Cirripedia (1854) , CD had not originally intended to prepare a …

To Thomas Salt   12 July [1854]

Summary

Thanks for money paid into his account. Has not received interest payment from Lord Powis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Salt
Date:  12 July [1854]
Classmark:  Rachel Salt (private collection); sold by Spink’s (dealers), July 2018
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1577F

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Thomas Salt   12 July [1854] …
  • … sold by Spink’s (dealers), July 2018 Charles Robert Darwin 12 July [1854] Thomas Salt …
  • … to CD’ s Investment book (Down House MS), p. 43, the capital was repaid on 1 July 1854. …
  • … Interest up to 1 July 1854 was also recorded ( ibid. , p. 44). Charles Wilding was Lord …
  • … for five years; the money was repaid in 1854. See also this volume, Supplement, letters to …
  • … 5, letter to Josiah Wedgwood III, 1 May [1854] . Muckleston’s executor was his son, Edward …

From H. C. Watson   20 November [1854]

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Summary

Sends a count of the number of species of flowering plants and ferns on the islands of Fayal and Flores in the Azores.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.4: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1605

Matches: 3 hits

  • … From H.  C. Watson   20 November [1854] …
  • … DAR 205.4: 101 Hewett Cottrell Watson Thames Ditton 20 Nov [1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … See letter from Hewett Cottrell Watson, [19 November 1854] , n.  1. …

From J. D. Hooker   5 December [1854]

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Summary

Bentham’s list of aberrant genera: CD’s worry that he eliminated large genera a priori is half right. He eliminated those large, anomalous genera that virtually constitute natural orders. JDH criticises CD’s tabulations of aberrants.

Difficulty of distinguishing affinity and analogy in plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 388–90
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1611

Matches: 8 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   5 December [1854] …
  • … Dalton Hooker London, Montagu Villas, Richmond, 3 5 Dec [1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , enclosing Bentham’s list, and letter to …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] . It is not clear whether Hooker is making a literal …
  • … 1846 ), as mentioned in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . See letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] . J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855, introductory essay, pp.   …
  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] . The memorandum is preserved with Hooker’ …
  • … here in the letter to Hooker, 11 [December 1854]. CD discussed the scarcity of individual …

To J. D. Hooker   1 March [1854]

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Summary

Thanks JDH for dedication of Himalayan journals. CD praises the work and suggests stylistic revisions.

Lyell’s remarks on lava beds in letter from Madeira are not original – they refer exclusively to Élie de Beaumont’s data.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 118
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1556

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   1 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 118 Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … active service in the Baltic. Sulivan sailed on 25 March 1854 (Sulivan ed. 1896, p.  126). …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . Roderick Impey Murchison was known to be ‘not …
  • … to Charles Lyell’s letter to Leonard Horner dated January 1854 from Madeira (see letter …
  • … to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  2, and letter from J.   …
  • … D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] , n.  5). Bartholomew James Sulivan had requested a return …
  • … 65–70. See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [26 February 1854] . A favourable review of J.  D. …
  • … 1854a was published in the Athenæum , no. 1374, 25 February 1854, pp.  237–9. See letter …

To Edward Sabine   28 June [1854]

Summary

Is unequal to taking chair as President of Natural History Section of BAAS meeting in Liverpool. Very little fatigue or excitement brings on swimming of head, nausea, and other symptoms.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Sabine
Date:  28 June [1854]
Classmark:  The Royal Society (Sa: 386)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1574

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To Edward Sabine    28 June [1854] …
  • … The Royal Society (Sa: 386) Charles Robert Darwin Down 28 June [1854] Edward Sabine …
  • … of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1854. In the event, CD …
  • … the meeting in Liverpool in September 1854, perhaps because of the pressure of reading …

To J. S. Henslow   2 September [1854]

Summary

Sends his comments on JSH’s MS on cirripedes ["On typical objects in natural history", Rep. BAAS (1855): 108–26].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  2 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  Sutro Library, California State Library, San Francisco (Crocker collection: folder #11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1586

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  S. Henslow   2 September [1854] …
  • … collection: folder #11) Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Sept [1854] John Stevens Henslow …
  • … Both are described in Living Cirripedia (1854) . Henslow included them in his example. …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Advancement of Science held at Liverpool in 1854 , p. xlvi). The object of the committee, …

From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [19 November 1854]

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Summary

In response to CD’s query, HCW says he cannot supply "any list of species as the flora of a single and sterile soil". Suggests a possible source of information, and provides some figures for Britain, but these apply to diverse soils.

Author:  Hewett Cottrell Watson
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [19 Nov 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 402
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1604

Matches: 6 hits

  • … From Hewett Cottrell Watson   [19 November 1854] …
  • … DAR 205.9: 402 Hewett Cottrell Watson unstated [19 Nov 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter from H.  C. Watson, 20 November [1854] , is surmised from the formal style of the …
  • … the letter from Watson, 20 November [1854]. CD was gathering information on the diversity …
  • … areas. The origin and advantages of diversification was a main concern from late 1854. …
  • … In a note dated November 1854 (DAR 205.5: 149), he commented: It is indispensable to show …

To J. D. Hooker   22 [January 1844 – March 1882]

Summary

Discusses books returned

and invites him to Down for a few days.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  22 [Jan 1844 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Sotheby’s (dealers) (14 & 28 May 1983)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13816A

Matches: 12 hits

  • … 22 July 1853 22 Aug 1853 22 Sept 1853 22 Oct 1853 22 Nov 1853 22 Dec 1853 22 Jan 1854 22 …
  • … Feb 1854 22 …
  • … Mar 1854 22 …
  • … Apr 1854 22 …
  • … May 1854 22 …
  • … June 1854 22 …
  • … July 1854 22 …
  • … Aug 1854 22 …
  • … Sept 1854 22 …
  • … Oct 1854 22 …
  • … Nov 1854 22 …
  • … Dec 1854 22 Jan 1855 22 Feb 1855 22 Mar 1855 22 Apr 1855 22 May 1855 22 June 1855 22 July …

To William Baxter or W. W. Baxter?   2 [October 1842 – March 1882]

Summary

Requests some carbonate of ammonia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Walmisley Baxter; William Baxter
Date:  2 [Oct 1842 - Mar 1882]
Classmark:  Dept of Rare Books, Special Collections and Preservation, University of Rochester
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-8132

Matches: 12 hits

  • … June 1853 2 July 1853 2 Aug 1853 2 Sept 1853 2 Oct 1853 2 Nov 1853 2 Dec 1853 2 Jan 1854 2 …
  • … Feb 1854 2 …
  • … Mar 1854 2 …
  • … Apr 1854 2 …
  • … May 1854 2 …
  • … June 1854 2 …
  • … July 1854 2 …
  • … Aug 1854 2 …
  • … Sept 1854 2 …
  • … Oct 1854 2 …
  • … Nov 1854 2 …
  • … Dec 1854 2 Jan 1855 2 Feb 1855 2 Mar 1855 2 Apr 1855 2 May 1855 2 June 1855 2 July 1855 2 …

To A. A. Gould   21 July 1855

Summary

If AAG is no longer member of the Ray Society, CD would like to send copy of Living Cirripedia, vol. 2.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Augustus Addison Gould
Date:  21 July 1855
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Augustus A. Gould papers, 1831–66 MS Am 1210: 230)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1724

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Living Cirripedia (1854) . See letter to A.   …
  • … A. Gould, 9 September [1854] . …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. S. Henslow   20 February [1854]

Summary

Honoured and gratified by the dedication [to CD] of Hooker’s book [Himalayan journals].

News of Lyell from Madeira.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Stevens Henslow
Date:  20 Feb [1854]
Classmark:  Sutro Library, California State Library, San Francisco (Crocker collection: folder #11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1554

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To J.  S. Henslow   20 February [1854] …
  • … collection: folder #11) Charles Robert Darwin Down 20 Feb [1854] John Stevens Henslow …
  • … See letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] . Frances Bunbury had had a severe illness …
  • … and carried by two men’. By 27 January 1854, however, Charles James Fox Bunbury reported …
  • … of 1851, was re-erected in Sydenham, Kent, in 1854. CD evidently planned to visit it in …
  • … not opened until 10 June ( Annual Register 1854, Chronicle, pp.  97–100, and Gardeners’ …
  • … and Agricultural Gazette , no. 19, 13 May 1854, p.  311). The South Eastern Railway took a …

To J. D. Hooker   2 December [1854]

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Summary

JDH’s "grand speech" on receiving the Royal Medal.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  2 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 158
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1609

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   2 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 158 Charles Robert Darwin Down 2 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 5 November [1854] ). CD attended the meeting but not the dinner ( …
  • … of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 261– 2). August Wilhelm von Hofmann, German …
  • … Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 7 (1854–5): 262). Lord Rosse was an astronomer. …

To T. H. Huxley   8 September [1854]

Summary

Agrees with THH on metamorphosis of branchiae of Balanus, and on his view of Owen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  8 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 11)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1590

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To T.  H. Huxley   8 September [1854] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 11) Charles Robert Darwin Down 8 Sept [1854] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … 13: 23–9. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … letter to T.  H. Huxley, 2 September [1854] , n.  4. Karl Georg Friedrich Rudolf Leuckart, …
  • … 1847  and 1851. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  65, CD wrote: ‘I can hardly doubt that the …
  • … letter to T.  H. Huxley, 2 September [1854] and n.  5. Franz von Leydig, the microscopist, …

To Philip Gidley King    21 February 1854

Summary

PGK’s letter stirred memories of their old days in the Beagle.

Gives news of his work on cirripedes. Would like to examine Scalpellum papillosum of King from Patagonia if PGK’s father has a duplicate in his collection.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Philip Gidley King
Date:  21 Feb 1854
Classmark:  W. B. Gidley King (private collection): copy in Mitchell Library, Sydney (FM4/6900, 326–9)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1554A

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Philip Gidley King    21 February 1854
  • … Sydney (FM4/6900, 326–9) Charles Robert Darwin Down 21 Feb 1854 Philip Gidley King …
  • … in Emma Darwin 2: 154. Britain and France declared war on Russia in January 1854. …
  • … Down | Farnborough, | Kent. Feb.  21. 1854. My dear King I can hardly tell you how pleased …
  • … having been midshipman aboard the Beagle . In 1854, he was assistant superintendent of the …
  • … the pedunculated cirripedes. Living Cirripedia (1854), which described the sessile …
  • … cirripedes, appeared in September 1854. CD had listed P.  P.  King’s description of …
  • … mention the species in Living Cirripedia (1854). CD identified the small, ‘complemental’ …

Dana, James Dwight. 1854–5. On the geographical distribution of Crustacea. American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 18 (1854): 314–26; 19 (1855): 6–15; 20 (1855): 168–78, 349–61.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Dana, James Dwight. 1854–5. On the geographical distribution of Crustacea. …
  • … Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser. 18 (1854): 314–26; 19 (1855): 6–15; 20 (1855): 168–78, …

Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ of Great …
  • … Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. WB2 LE.27.132(2) …
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …
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