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To J. D. Hooker   29 [May 1854]

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Summary

CD "lectures" JDH on taking care of his health.

CD’s pleasure in London trip.

CD and Emma have taken season tickets to Crystal Palace.

Edward Forbes’s "Introductory Lecture" is the best CD ever read.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  29 [May 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 122
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1575

Matches: 11 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   29 [May 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 122 Charles Robert Darwin Down 29 [May 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … see letter from J.  D. Hooker, 25 August 1854  and n.  20. Hooker’s wife was expecting …
  • … in Turnham Green, Chiswick, on 3 June 1854 ( Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …
  • … Gazette , no. 22, 3 June 1854, p.  359). See Correspondence vol.  4, letter from J.  D. …
  • … House MS) records the purchase on 28 May 1854 of season tickets for the Crystal Palace at …
  • … at Sydenham, Kent, took place on 10 June 1854. Emma Darwin noted the opening in her diary …
  • … Edinburgh, published in the Scotsman , 17 May 1854. Forbes succeeded Robert Jameson, who …
  • … from 1804 until his death on 19 April 1854. CD’s opinion of Jameson as a dull lecturer …
  • … Forbes’s anniversary address as president of the Geological Society, 17 February 1854. See …
  • … letter to Charles Lyell, 18 February [1854] , n.  9. The gardens of the Royal …

To John Higgins   5 October [1854]

Summary

Discusses lost investment opportunity.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  5 Oct [1854]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1594

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To John Higgins   5 October [1854] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/82) Charles Robert Darwin Down 5 Oct [1854] John Higgins …
  • … of £10,100. He had previously, on 5  July 1854, purchased ‘B stock’ in the same company to …
  • … See letters to John Higgins, 18 March [1854] and …
  • … 9 April [1854] , for CD’s initial plans to buy another farm. CD’s Investment …
  • … MS), p.  43, has an entry dated 19 July 1854 recording that the sum of £5000 was: ‘Lent to …

To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 May [1854]

Summary

About share transfers, involving JW as a trustee of CD/Emma marriage trust.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Josiah Wedgwood, III
Date:  1 May [1854]
Classmark:  V&A / Wedgwood Collection (MS W/M 1028)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1568

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To Josiah Wedgwood III   1 May [1854] …
  • … Collection (MS W/M 1028) Charles Robert Darwin Down 1 May [1854] Josiah Wedgwood, III …
  • … Bibliography [Brodie, Benjamin Collins]. 1854. Psychological inquiries: in a series of …
  • … trust). The capital was paid on 11 July 1854 (Investment account book, Down House MS). …
  • … s consultation with Brodie. Brodie’s book Psychological inquiries ( [Brodie] 1854 ) was …
  • … published in 1854; there is an annotated copy in the Darwin Library– …
  • … that CD recorded having read on 3 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …

To John Higgins   9 April [1854]

Summary

Discusses his investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  9 Apr [1854]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/79)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1566

Matches: 7 hits

  • … To John Higgins   9 April [1854] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/79) Charles Robert Darwin Down 9 Apr [1854] John Higgins …
  • … See letter to John Higgins, 18 March [1854] and n.  1. Fear that the influx of gold from …
  • … in CD’s Account book (Down House MS) dated 8 July 1854 recording a payment of £5 5 s . …
  • … to Higgins. See letter to John Higgins, 5 October [1854] . …
  • … During the first few months of 1854 there was much public discussion over the terms of a …
  • … the price of railway stock fell appreciably ( Railway Times 17 (1854): 308–9, 336–7). …

From J. D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854]

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Summary

List of most anomalous Leguminosae [from George Bentham].

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [after 11 Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 205.9: 391
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1546

Matches: 5 hits

  • … From J.  D. Hooker   [after 11 December 1854] …
  • … DAR 205.9: 391 Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated [after 11 Dec 1854] Charles Robert Darwin …
  • … letter to J.  D. Hooker, 11 [December 1854] ). The numbers in the column indicate the …
  • … represented by very few species. See letters to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] and …
  • … 11 [December 1854] . …

To William Robert Grove   26 April [1854]

Summary

Is honoured by his election to the Philosophical Club [of the Royal Society].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Robert Grove
Date:  26 Apr [1854]
Classmark:  Royal Institution of Great Britain (Grove Papers)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1567

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To William Robert Grove    26 April [1854] …
  • … Great Britain (Grove Papers) Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Apr [1854] William Robert Grove …
  • … Royal Society until the meeting of 24 April 1854, when Joseph Dalton Hooker was elected to …
  • … 1919 , pp.  39, 259). CD was elected on 24 April 1854 ( Bonney 1919 , p.  39). See letter …
  • … to J.  D. Hooker, 26 March [1854] , in which CD asked Hooker to propose him for membership …

To Mrs Stutchbury    22 August 1854

Summary

Arranges to return a collection of cirripedes which belongs to her husband [Samuel Stutchbury].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Hannah Louisa Stutchbury
Date:  22 Aug 1854
Classmark:  Matthews 1982, p. 262
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1579A

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To Mrs Stutchbury    22 August 1854
  • … Matthews 1982, p. 262 Charles Robert Darwin Down 22 Aug 1854 Hannah Louisa Stutchbury …
  • … Down | Farnborough | Kent Aug.  22 d 1854 Madam I have at last finished with the valuable …
  • … Geological Survey (Matthews 1982, p.  264). Living Cirripedia (1854) was distributed …
  • … in September 1854 (see Correspondence vol.  5, letter to T.   …
  • … H.  Huxley, 2 September [1854] ). CD sent Stutchbury presentation copies of both volumes ( …

To J. D. Hooker   11 [December 1854]

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Summary

Debates aberrant species, e.g., Ornithorhynchus and Echidna, with JDH. CD argues they are result of extinction having removed intermediate links to allied forms.

Studying effects of disuse in wings of tame and wild ducks.

Tabulations showing that number of species in a genus is not correlated with number of genera in an order.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  11 [Dec 1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 148
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1612

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   11 [December 1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 148 Charles Robert Darwin Down 11 [Dec 1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … The Monday following the letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . J.  D. …
  • … letter from J.  D Hooker, 5 December [1854], n.  4). CD made this point again in Natural …
  • … in letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . The genus Erythroxylon , which at that …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] , Hooker proposed giving CD a copy of J.  D. …
  • … CUL. It is lightly annotated by CD. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] and …
  • … 5 December [1854] . See CD’s memorandum attached to the letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . CD was speaking from experience. In his paper ‘ …
  • … Bentham’s list, see letter from J.  D. Hooker, [after 11 December 1854] . Athenæum , no. …
  • … 1415, 9 December 1854, p.  1496: ‘a meeting of friends and admirers was held at King’s …
  • … see letter to J.  D. Hooker, 4 December [1854] , n.  5. CD later described his experiences …

Davy, John. 1854. Some observations on the Salmonidæ. [Read 18 December 1854.] Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 3 (1850–7): 267–8.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Davy, John. 1854. Some observations on the …
  • … Salmonidæ. [Read 18 December 1854. ] Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 3 ( …

Klotzsch, Johann Friedrich. 1854. Begoniaceen-Gattungen und Arten. [Read 2 March 1854.] Abhandlungen der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 39 (1855): 121–255.

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Klotzsch, Johann Friedrich. 1854. Begoniaceen-Gattungen und …
  • … Arten. [Read 2 March 1854. ] Abhandlungen der königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu …

Unger, Franz. 1854–61. Beiträge zur Physiologie der Pflanzen. [Read 9 March 1854, 9 July 1857, 14 January 1858, 18 July 1861.] Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Classe 12 (1854): 367–96; 25 (1857): 441–70; 28 (1858): 111–34; 43,2 (1861): 497–530.

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Unger, Franz. 1854–61. Beiträge zur Physiologie …
  • … der Pflanzen. [Read 9 March 1854, 9 July 1857, 14 January 1858, 18 July 1861. ] …
  • … naturwissenschaftlichen Classe 12 (1854): 367–96; 25 (1857): 441–70; 28 (1858): 111–34; …

Cowper, William (b) (fl. 1854–64)

Matches: 2 hits

  • … William Cowper fl. 1854–64 Farmer and grazier. Of Wappenham, …
  • … Post Office directory of Northamptonshire 1854, 1864. 10,12 Wappenham Northamptonshire …

To J. D. Hooker   10 March [1854]

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Summary

More praise for Himalayan journals.

How remote was glacial action in Himalayas?

Implies Himalayas were birthplace of many plants.

Final volume of Cirripedia to be printed in two or three months.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  10 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 119
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1558

Matches: 9 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   10 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 119 Charles Robert Darwin Down 10 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … CD recorded having finished on 7 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, 128: …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Stansbury, Howard. 1852. An expedition to …
  • … finished reading Stansbury 1852  on 23 March 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … recorded having read this work on 6 February 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  4, Appendix IV, …
  • … According to his ‘Journal’, CD finished the final revision of Living Cirripedia 1854  on …
  • … 15 July 1854 ( Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix I). Hooker had expressed surprise that the …

To Daniel Sharpe   12 November [1854]

Summary

Regrets he cannot come to hear DS’s paper ["On the structure of Mont Blanc", Q. J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 11 (1855): 11–27]. Has a lively interest in the subject.

Edward Forbes has misrepresented his view on foliation and cleavage [Athenæum 30 Sept 1854].

CD is convinced DS’s view will replace Huttonian and Lyellian view of metamorphic schists.

Recommends H. C. Sorby’s paper [probably "On the origin of slaty cleavage", Edinburgh New Philos. J. 55 (1853): 137–50].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Sharpe
Date:  12 Nov [1854]
Classmark:  University of Chicago Library, Special Collections Research Center
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1599

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To Daniel Sharpe   12 November [1854] …
  • … Special Collections Research Center Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Nov [1854] Daniel Sharpe …
  • … and its environs. [Read 15 November 1854. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of …
  • … on foliation and cleavage [ Athenæum 30 Sept 1854]. CD is convinced DS’s view will replace …
  • … Geological Society meeting of 15 November 1854. Sharpe discussed the relationship of the …
  • … slates. The Athenæum , no. 1405, 30 September 1854, pp.  1172–82, carried a report of the …
  • … the other’ ( Athenæum , no. 1405, 30 September 1854, p.  1178, later published as Forbes …
  • … Athenæum , no. 1405, 30 September 1854, pp.  1178–9). Lyell, apparently influenced by the …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   18 June 1853

Summary

Thanks for fossil cirripede specimens. Comments on various specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  18 June 1853
Classmark:  DAR 143: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1520

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … 7 June [1853] . CD thanked Bosquet in the preface to Fossil Cirripedia (1854) . A copyist’ …
  • … s misreading of Verruca prisca ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854): 43–4; …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525–6). CD recorded that the …
  • … came from the collection of James de Carle Sowerby ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  43; …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525). CD thanked John Morris for providing specimens and …
  • … and called his new species Pollicipes darwinianus ( Bosquet 1854 , Tab. I, figs. 8–16). …
  • … that CD added to Living Cirripedia (1854) , p.  631, in lieu of giving the specific …
  • … specierum’. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  631 n. , he explained that the fragments of S. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. D. Hooker   26 March [1854]

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Summary

CD welcomes the prospect of the Philosophical Club of the Royal Society as means for seeing old acquaintances and making new ones. Will try to go up to London regularly.

Admits that the warning from JDH and Asa Gray (that more harm than good will come from combat over the species issue) makes him feel "deuced uncomfortable".

Reflects upon the complexity of Agassiz; how singular that a man of his eminence and immense knowledge "should write such wonderful stuff & bosh".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  26 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 120
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1562

Matches: 12 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   26 March [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 120 Charles Robert Darwin Down 26 Mar [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … at the anniversary meeting in November 1854 due to continuing bad relations with members …
  • … 28 May 1847]. CD was elected on 24 April 1854 and remained a member until his resignation …
  • … See letter from J.  D. Hooker, [ c . 25 March 1854], n.  3. Henry Holland, physician in …
  • … of conifers and gymnosperms generally, see letters from J.  D. Hooker, [29 June 1854] and …
  • … 25 August 1854 . The introduction to Flora Indica (J.  D. Hooker and Thomson 1855). John …
  • … letter to which CD refers, dated 21 February 1854 (Archives, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), …
  • … reviewed in the American Journal of Science and Arts 2d ser.  17 (1854): 241–52, 334–50. …
  • … s notes about the letter, dated 26 March 1854, are in DAR 205.2: 102. They refer to Gray’s …
  • … In his letter to Hooker of 21 February 1854, Gray wrote: ‘I confine myself to trying to …
  • … 176). In his letter to Hooker, 21 February 1854, Gray referred to the ‘inevitable mingling …

To J. D. Hooker   4 December [1854]

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Summary

Is Bentham’s list of aberrant genera biased by exclusion of genera with many species?

JDH’s belief that Aquilegia varieties are one species is consistent with their great interfertility.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  4 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 159
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1610

Matches: 6 hits

  • … To J.  D. Hooker   4 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 114: 159 Charles Robert Darwin Down 4 Dec [1854] Joseph Dalton Hooker …
  • … Gazette , no. 48, 2 December 1854, pp.  771–2: ‘[Forbes] was beloved and admired beyond …
  • … letter from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] ). See CD’s memorandum attached to letter …
  • … from J.  D. Hooker, [15 November 1854] , n.  4. See letter from …
  • … J.  D. Hooker, 5 December [1854] . Gardeners’ Chronicle and Agricultural …

To T. H. Huxley   13 September [1854]

Summary

Thanks for help on presentation copies of Living Cirripedia, vol. 2.

Suggests he examine cementing apparatus of Balanus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Henry Huxley
Date:  13 Sept [1854]
Classmark:  Imperial College of Science, Technology, and Medicine Archives (Huxley 5: 16)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1592

Matches: 8 hits

  • … To T.  H. Huxley   13 September [1854] …
  • … Archives (Huxley 5: 16) Charles Robert Darwin Down 13 Sept [1854] Thomas Henry Huxley …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Albert von Koelliker, and Carl Vogt. See letters to T.  H. Huxley, 2 September [1854] and …
  • … 8 September [1854] . Huxley examined and …
  • … specimens during his stays at Tenby in 1854 and 1855 (see letter to T.  H. Huxley, 29 [ …
  • … vol.  4, Appendix II. Living Cirripedia (1854):  95–7. In T.  H. Huxley 1857, p.  239, …

To John Higgins   23 March [1854]

Summary

Discusses investments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Higgins
Date:  23 Mar [1854]
Classmark:  Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/76)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1561

Matches: 3 hits

  • … To John Higgins   23 March [1854] …
  • … Lincolnshire Archives (HIG/4/2/1/76) Charles Robert Darwin Down 23 Mar [1854] John Higgins …
  • … The Great Northern Railway Company. See letter to John Higgins, 9 April [1854] . …

To G. H. Turnbull   12 December [1854]

Summary

Thanks for subscription to Down Coal and Clothing Club, whose finances are improving.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Henry Turnbull
Date:  12 Dec [1854]
Classmark:  DAR 261.11: 3 (EH 88206055)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1613

Matches: 4 hits

  • … To G.  H. Turnbull   12 December [1854] …
  • … DAR 261.11: 3 (EH 88206055) Charles Robert Darwin Down 12 Dec [1854] George Henry Turnbull …
  • … See letter to G.  H. Turnbull, 28 October [1854]. Turnbull’s subscription of £1 1 s . …
  • … list of subscribers in the club’s Honorary subscriptions book (Down House MS) for 1854–5. …
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

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  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …
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