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From George Brettingham Sowerby Jr to Emma Darwin   22 July 1863

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Summary

Sets out estimate for cutting blocks for illustrations of a trap.

Author:  George Brettingham Sowerby, Jr
Addressee:  Emma Wedgwood; Emma Darwin
Date:  22 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 157.2: 101
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4251

Matches: 6 hits

  • … for South America , and the illustrations for Living Cirripedia ( 1851 and 1854 ), Fossil …
  • … Cirripedia (1854) , and Orchids (see Correspondence vols.  3, 4, 5, and 9). …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

To Daniel Oliver   [before 27 November 1863]

Summary

Recommends Wyman’s short notice ["Report on Dr Jeffries Wyman’s experiment on the cause of contractility in vegetable tissues"] in the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 3 (1852–7): 167.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Daniel Oliver
Date:  [before 27 Nov 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 261.10: 53 (EH 88206036)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4327

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bibliography Wyman, Jeffries. 1854. [Cause of contractility in some …
  • … vegetable tissues. ] [Read 8 November 1854. ] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts …
  • … Wyman and Wyman’s abstract on contractility in the capsules of two plants ( Wyman 1854 ). …
  • … Oliver copied Wyman 1854 on the back of this note from CD; CD’s interest was related to …
  • … for providing the reference to Wyman 1854 (Oliver 1863e, p.  419). Oliver, an assistant …

To H. B. Dobell   6 March [1863]

Summary

Thanks for information [on regeneration quotation].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Horace Benge Dobell
Date:  6 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 389
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4030

Matches: 3 hits

  • … digits. There is a copy of Carpenter 1854  in the Darwin Library–CUL, in which the …
  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1854. Principles of comparative physiology. 4th …
  • … 2. In Variation 2: 14 n. , CD cited Carpenter 1854  in his discussion of this case of the …

To Thomas Rivers   15 January [1863]

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Summary

Particularly interested in TR’s information about peaches. Accepts offer of double-flowering peach-trees.

Will build a small hothouse for experiments.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Thomas Rivers
Date:  15 Jan [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 185: 83
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3918

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Geology of the ‘Beagle’ : Geological …
  • … are to Zoology , Geology of the ‘Beagle’ , Fossil Cirripedia ( 1851 and 1854 ), and Living …
  • … Cirripedia ( 1851 and 1854 ). CD refers to a letter in the Gardeners’ Chronicle , 21 July  …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Orchids : On the various contrivances by …

From H. B. Dobell   5 March 1863

Summary

At CD’s request HBD has traced the quotation; it is on regeneration from Charles White in W. B. Carpenter’s Comparative physiology (1854), p. 480.

Is gratified that CD thinks some of the arguments in his book [Lectures on the germs of disease (1861)] are satisfactory.

Author:  Horace Benge Dobell
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  5 Mar 1863
Classmark:  DAR 162: 188
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4027

Matches: 4 hits

  • … W. B. Carpenter’s Comparative physiology (1854), p. 480. Is gratified that CD thinks some …
  • … Bibliography Carpenter, William Benjamin. 1854. Principles of comparative physiology. 4th …
  • … 338). The reference given in Carpenter 1854 , p.  480 n. , is to White’s ‘work on the “ …
  • … same as that given by D r Carpenter p 480 of 1854 Ed n .  of his Comparative Physiology. I …

To W. E. Darwin   [5 May 1863]

Summary

Discusses dimorphic plants.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Erasmus Darwin
Date:  [5 May 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 210.6: 110
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4140

Matches: 3 hits

  • … London: John Murray. 1877. Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’ …
  • … dimorphism in Boraginaceae included Lecoq 1854–8 : 7, 428–68, and Vaucher 1841 : 3, 441– …
  • … were identified as dimorphic. CD read Lecoq 1854–8  in December 1861 and Vaucher 1841  in …

From Daniel Oliver   27 November 1863

Summary

Discusses the contraction of hygroscopic bundles in seed-pods,

and a paper by Hugo von Mohl ["Über dimorphe Blüthen", Bot. Ztg. (1863): 309–15, 321–8] in which he discusses Oxalis and determines that Fumaria is a necessarily self-fertilising plant.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  27 Nov 1863
Classmark:  DAR 173: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4349

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 27 November 1863] . Oliver’s interest in Wyman 1854  was related to a paper he read on the …
  • … 3 November 1863] , CD stated that Wyman 1854  had been published in the Proceedings of the …
  • … Darwin. London: John Murray. 1859. Wyman, Jeffries. 1854. [Cause of contractility in some …
  • … vegetable tissues. ] [Read 8 November 1854. ] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts …

To Armand de Quatrefages   27 March [1863]

Summary

Specimens obtained from Charles Martins will be most interesting.

Comments on QdeB’s book [Physiologie comparée (1862)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Jean Louis Armand (Armand de Quatrefages) Quatrefages de Bréau
Date:  27 Mar [1863]
Classmark:  DAR 147: 287
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4437

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Marginalia : Charles Darwin’s marginalia. …
  • … CD’s study of cirripides ( Living Cirripedia (1854) ; see Quatrefages 1862, p.  110 n. ). …

To J. D. Hooker   15 and 22 May [1863]

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Summary

The Lyell–Falconer squabble.

Discusses island vs continental floras and their degree of modification.

Critical of Wallace.

CD’s observations on phyllotaxy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  15 and 22 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 115: 193
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4167

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Leipzig: Wilhelm Englemann. Owen, Richard. 1854. On some fossil reptilian and mammalian …
  • … remains from the Purbecks. [Read 7 June 1854. ] Quarterly Journal of the Geological …
  • … find being described by Owen ( Owen 1854 ). In 1857, Lyell was instrumental in encouraging …

From J. D. Hooker   20 April 1863

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Summary

Attacks by Falconer [Athenæum 4 Apr 1863, pp. 459–60] and Joseph Prestwich on Lyell.

W. B. Carpenter fails to attack Owen.

Welwitschia male cones with useless ovules marvellous example of lost function and retained structure.

JDH evaluates his sons.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  20 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 128–31; Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Director’s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4111

Matches: 2 hits

  • … correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2) Joseph Dalton Hooker unstated …
  • … s Correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900: 276)). Haast also mentioned the …

From David Thomas Ansted   13 April 1863

Summary

Is ready to make some arrangement to repay CD’s bond. Has written to F. Ransome to help arrange repayment and wants CD to write his opinion of a fair scheme.

Author:  David Thomas Ansted
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  13 Apr 1863
Classmark:  DAR 159: 74
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4088

Matches: 1 hit

  • … see CD’s Investment book (Down House MS), entries for November 1854 and April 1855). …

To J. D. Hooker   [22–3 November 1863]

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Summary

Tendril-bearing plants seem to CD "higher" organised with respect to adaptive sensibility than lower animals.

Wishes to encourage John Scott.

Death of JDH’s daughter makes CD cry over his own dead daughter Annie.

Sedgwick’s scientific merit.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [22–3 Nov 1863]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 211
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4345

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of London 2d ser. 3: 461–86. Wyman, Jeffries. 1854. [Cause of contractility in some …
  • … vegetable tissues. ] [Read 8 November 1854. ] Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts …
  • … 1863. CD refers to Jeffries Wyman and Wyman 1854 , which was published in the Proceedings …

To the chairman of Bromley District Highway Board from the parishioners of Down, Kent   3 April 1863

Summary

Testimony by the parishioners of Down, Kent, to the moral character and integrity of George Snow, District Surveyor. Signed by nearly fifty local residents, including CD.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Chairman of Highway Board
Date:  3 Apr 1863
Classmark:  Sotheby, London (24 July 1995)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4074F

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Bill. [British parliamentary papers, Session 1854, 3: 51–8. ] Post Office directory of the …

CD memorandum   14 February 1863

Summary

Agreement to cancel the bond of D. T. Ansted, dated 19 April 1855. Prof. Ansted is arranging to pay CD what he can.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  David Thomas Ansted
Date:  14 Feb 1863
Classmark:  DAR 210.10: 24
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3985A

Matches: 1 hit

  • … House MS), CD lent Ransome £250 in November 1854 and this loan was transferred to Ansted …

From J. D. Hooker   19 June 1863

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Summary

Has heard from Julius von Haast that some of his letters were lost before leaving New Zealand. Haast’s enclosure for CD has been forwarded.

Haast and James Hector have both sent accounts of their travels in New Zealand.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  19 June 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 151
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4216

Matches: 1 hit

  • … s correspondence 174 (New Zealand letters, 1854–1900): 281–2). With a letter to Hooker of …

From J. D. Hooker   23 October 1863

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Summary

With scientific party to Amiens to look at gravel-pits, the geology of which JDH describes at length.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  23 Oct 1863
Classmark:  DAR 101: 167–70
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4321

Matches: 1 hit

  • … in Himalayan journals (J.  D.  Hooker 1854, 1: 242, and end of volume). The reference is …

From Henry Fletcher Hance   10 May 1863

Summary

Sends sketch of Catasetum tridentatum fruit at request of Edward Bradford.

CD incorrectly asserted that Catasetum is male [Orchids, pp. 236–8].

Author:  Henry Fletcher Hance
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  10 May 1863
Classmark:  DAR 166: 95
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4152

Matches: 1 hit

  • … British Foreign Office in the Far East since 1854, latterly as vice-consul in Formosa, now …

To W. D. Fox   4 [September 1863]

Summary

His bad health has caused him to return to Malvern.

Emma cannot find the gravestone of their child, Anne. Asks WDF whether he can remember its location.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  4 [Sept 1863]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 140)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4292

Matches: 1 hit

  • … Post Office directory of Birmingham 1854 and 1860; B.  S.  Smith 1978 , p.  211). He …

From Robert Swinhoe   29 July 1863

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Summary

Describes the similarity in plumage changes between Japanese and Chinese birds on the one hand and British and continental birds on the other. Suggests the changes are due to the warm gulf streams around both islands.

Author:  Robert Swinhoe
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  29 July 1863
Classmark:  DAR 47: 176–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4257

Matches: 1 hit

  • … British Foreign Office in the Far East since 1854, latterly as Vice-Consul of Formosa (now …

To Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener   [before 3 February 1863]

Summary

Answers D. Beaton’s criticism of Gärtner’s work, defending his results in crossing experiments and vindicating the memory of "one of the most laborious lovers of truth who ever lived".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Journal of Horticulture
Date:  [before 3 Feb 1863]
Classmark:  Journal of Horticulture and Cottage Gardener n.s. 4 (1863): 93
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3966

Matches: 1 hit

  • … and Agricultural Gazette , 24 June 1854, p.  404. CD had corresponded with Berkeley on the …
Document type
letter (25)
Date
1863
01 (1)
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03 (4)
04 (3)
05 (4)
06 (1)
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

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  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

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  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …
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