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To W. B. Tegetmeier   1 March [1861]

Summary

Thanks for skulls

and information about Ferguson.

Is working on rabbits’ skeletons.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  1 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3075

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Delamer, Eugene Sebastian [Edmund Saul Dixon]. 1854. Pigeons and rabbits, in their wild, …
  • … London: G. Routledge. Ferguson, George. 1854. Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and …
  • … author of a manual on poultry ( Ferguson 1854 ). See letter to W.  B.  Tegetmeier, 25  …
  • … Cottage Gardener 25 (1861): 357). Delamer 1854 , p.  136. An annotated copy of this work …
  • … the statement in Variation , citing Delamer 1854  as one of his sources and reproducing an …

From Daniel Oliver   [before 8 November 1861]

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Summary

List of references on orchid structure and fertilisation.

Author:  Daniel Oliver
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [before 8 Nov 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 104: 225–6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3039

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in the Botanische Zeitung ( Link 1849 ). Link 1849 . Mohl trans.  1832. Ménière 1854 . …
  • … Baillon 1854 . Guépin 1853 . Ménière 1855. Fermond 1841 . Fermond 1840 . Wiegmann 1839 . …
  • … Bibliography Baillon, Ernest Henri. 1854. Sur le mode de fécondation du Catasetum …
  • … Zeitung 7: 745–50. Ménière, Prosper. 1854. Note sur la fécondation des orchidées. Bulletin …

To J. D. Hooker   [9 December 1861]

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Summary

Henri Lecoq’s miserable book on plant geography [Étude sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)].

H. W. Bates’s pleasure at meeting JDH.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [9 Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 136, 129c
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3341

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)]. H. W. Bates’s pleasure at meeting JDH. …
  • … Bibliography Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe et en …
  • … CD refers to Lecoq 1854–8 , which he had recently purchased. See letters to J.  D.   …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   25 February [1861]

Summary

Would like to borrow WBT’s collection of fowls’ skulls.

Asks for WBT’s opinion of G. Ferguson, the author of a poultry book [Ferguson’s illustrated book of domestic poultry].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  25 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3070

Matches: 5 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Ferguson, George. 1854. Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and …
  • … much information on eggs. ’ Ferguson 1854 , p.  186. Tegetmeier apparently did investigate …
  • … series of rare and prize poultry ( Ferguson 1854 ). The work had been recommended to CD by …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Ferguson 1854  in the Darwin Library–CUL. CD had long been …
  • … back cover of CD’s copy of Ferguson 1854  gives an indication of Tegetmeier’s response. It …

To Williams & Norgate   16 February [1861]

Summary

Wishing to purchase a copy of Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and prize poultry, including comprehensive essays upon all classes of domestic fowl (Ferguson 1854).

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  16 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  RR Auction (dealers) (14 June 2018, Lot 30)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3062F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Ferguson, George. 1854. Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and prize …
  • … poultry, including comprehensive essays upon all classes of domestic fowl (Ferguson 1854). …

To J. D. Hooker   18 [December 1861]

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Summary

Lindley suggests Gongora may be female Acropera.

CD’s orchid book nearly ready for press.

Discovers trimorphism in Lythrum is in H. Lecoq [Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  18 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 137
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3346

Matches: 4 hits

  • … in Lythrum is in H. Lecoq [ Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe (1854–8)]. …
  • … CD’s memorandum has not been found. Lecoq 1854–8 , 6: 154–9. CD read a paper on the sexual …
  • … University Press. 1927–96. Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’ …
  • … to John Lindley, 15 December [1861] . Lecoq 1854–8 . See letters to J.  D.  Hooker, 25  …

To J. D. Hooker   28 [December 1861]

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Summary

Gongora cannot be female of Acropera; it may itself be a male.

Hopes Daniel Oliver will "sink Atlantis" in his Royal Institution lecture.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  28 [Dec 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 139
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3352

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Gower, 23 November 1861. See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 18 [December 1861] . Lecoq 1854–8 . …
  • … Bibliography Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe et en …

From Albert Charles Lewis Gotthilf Günther to S. P. Woodward   14 June 1861

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Summary

Discusses transport of fish to Lake Constance by flooding.

Author:  Albrecht Carl Ludwig Gotthilf (Albert) Günther
Addressee:  Samuel Pickworth Woodward
Date:  14 June 1861
Classmark:  DAR 205.2: 235
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3605

Matches: 3 hits

  • … of Germany (Günther 1853 and 1855). Rapp 1854 . The number of CD’s portfolio of notes on …
  • … Press. 1993–7. Rapp, Wilhelm Ludwig von. 1854. Die Fische des Bodensees, untersucht und …
  • … die Fische des Bodensee’s. Stuttg.  1854. ” Yours very truly | A Günther (Mr Woodward) …

From William A. Wooler   4 February 1861

Summary

Discusses the colouring of the young of various breeds of rabbit.

Observations on results of various poultry crosses and on a character which is linked to sex.

Author:  William Alexander Wooler
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  4 Feb 1861
Classmark:  DAR 181: 156
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3058

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Ferguson, George. 1854. Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and prize …
  • … grey and Chinchilla rabbits. Ferguson 1854 . There is an annotated copy in the Darwin …
  • … domestic fowl and pheasants in Ferguson 1854 , pp.  200–5. CD’s notes on this work are …
  • … a work (dedicated to the Earl of Derby) in 1854 styled Ferguson on Rare Prize & Domestic …

To John Murray   24 February [1861]

Summary

If JM disapproves of inserting CD’s geological works on back of title-page [of Origin, 3d ed.], he should strike them out. CD cares little. Reminds him to insert "additions and corrections" in advertisements. Sends list for presentation copies.

Asks whether his Journal of researches has sold at all satisfactorily.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  John Murray
Date:  24 Feb [1861]
Classmark:  National Library of Scotland (John Murray Archive) (Ms.42152 f. 100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3069

Matches: 3 hits

  • … America , and Living Cirripedia ( 1851 , 1854 ). An advertisement for A.  Gray 1861a was …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Origin : On the origin of species by means …

To Williams & Norgate   4 March [1861]

Summary

CD is obliged for the securing of [Ferguson’s illustrated book of domestic poultry]. Since he has already been given a copy, may he return this one?

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Williams & Norgate
Date:  4 Mar [1861]
Classmark:  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Slg. Autogr.: Darwin, Charles Robert, Bl. 1-2 )
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3082F

Matches: 2 hits

  • … 1861 (see Correspondence vol.  9, Appendix II). Ferguson 1854 (see n.  2, below) is cited …
  • … in Variation 1: 248 n. Ferguson 1854 ( Ferguson’s illustrated series of rare and prize …

From J. D. Hooker   [30 December 1861 or 6 January 1862]

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Summary

Glad CD has given up on Acropera ovules.

Doubts phanerogams less different in extreme forms [than Crustacea].

No systematic parallelism between plants and animals.

Offers list of Arctic plants with their colours. Asks CD whether it is useful to add colour to [descriptions of] plants.

Author:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  [30 Dec] 1861 or [6 Jan] 1862
Classmark:  DAR 101: 3–4
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3375

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Ross. London: Lovell Reeve. Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’ …
  • … 1861] ( Correspondence vol.  9). In Lecoq 1854–8 , Henri Lecoq suggested a correlation …
  • … There is an annotated copy of Lecoq 1854–8  in the Darwin Library–CUL (see Marginalia 1: …

To J. D. Hooker   25 November [1861]

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Summary

Acropera species may be males of other orchids.

Homologies of ducts in orchids.

Went to British Museum to see Bates’s mimetic butterflies.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  25 Nov [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 134
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3329

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of Chicago Press. 1977. Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’ …
  • … expedition to the Amazon, 1848–50. Lecoq 1854–8 . The work, which contains annotations by …

To J. D. Hooker   1 December [1861]

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Summary

Rudimentary ovules of Acropera.

High opinion of Bates.

Orchid anatomy.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  1 Dec [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 135
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3337

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Bibliography Lecoq, Henri. 1854–8. Études sur la géographie botanique de l’Europe et en …
  • … of Origin ( Origin 4th ed. , pp.  502–6). Lecoq 1854–8 . See letter to J.  D.  Hooker, 25  …

To J. D. Hooker   24 September [1861]

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Summary

CD’s orchid paper is to become orchid book [Orchids].

Primula paper is done [Collected papers 2: 45–63].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  24 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 113
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3263

Matches: 2 hits

  • … the brothers had left on their mission in 1854, CD had asked them to make some inquiries …
  • … High Asia, undertaken between the years 1854 and 1858, by order of the court of directors …

To W. B. Tegetmeier   8 May [1861]

Summary

Thanks WBT for information on pigeons and poultry.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Bernhard Tegetmeier
Date:  8 May [1861]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden (Charles Finney Cox collection) (Tegetmeier 34)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-4830

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Ferguson, and presumably to Ferguson 1854, a copy of which CD had apparently acquired in …
  • … 4 March [1861] ). According to Ferguson 1854, Shanghai fowl have fourteen tail feathers ( …

To George Rolleston   5 September [1861]

Summary

GR’s letter is a gold-mine.

Pleased to have Pierre Gratiolet’s comment on the embryology of greatly modified organs

and GR’s valuable cases of analogous variation.

Doubts craniologists, but recounts his father’s opinion that the shape of CD’s head was altered when he returned from the Beagle.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Rolleston
Date:  5 Sept [1861]
Classmark:  Royal College of Physicians of London (ALS/D12)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3245

Matches: 1 hit

  • … George Rolleston, 1 September 1861 . Gratiolet 1854. See letter from George Rolleston, 1  …

To J. D. Hooker   17 [July 1861]

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Summary

Orchids from Kew.

JDH’s income problems.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  17 [July 1861]
Classmark:  DAR 115: 106
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3210

Matches: 1 hit

  • … a twelve-year appointment that had begun in 1854 (L.  Huxley ed.  1918, 1: 385). He was an …

From H. W. Bates   28 March 1861

Summary

Discusses specific varieties, especially geographic varieties.

Comments on the effects of the glacial age on the tropics.

Sexual selection.

Author:  Henry Walter Bates
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  28 Mar 1861
Classmark:  DAR 160.1: 62
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3104

Matches: 1 hit

  • … to England in 1852, departing again in 1854 on an eight-year scientific expedition to the …

From George Rolleston   1 September 1861

Summary

The embryology of the vertebrate nervous system may be an exception to the law of inheritance at corresponding ages.

Author:  George Rolleston
Addressee:  Charles Robert Darwin
Date:  1 Sept 1861
Classmark:  DAR 176: 207
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-3241

Matches: 1 hit

  • … 14, 476). Samuel Thomas Soemmering. Gratiolet 1854, p.  83. ‘The parts which will in time …
Document type
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Date
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

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  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

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  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

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  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …
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