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To J. A. H. de Bosquet   15 April [1853]

Summary

Discusses the development and morphology of Verruca.

Would be proud to receive memoir ["Les crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  15 Apr [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 124
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1515

Matches: 15 hits

  • … Verruca . Would be proud to receive memoir ["Les crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. …
  • … the Greek derivation of the name. A copy of Bosquet 1854  is in the Darwin Library–Down. …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 17 December [1852]). Living Cirripedia (1854):  496–526  …
  • … and Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  41–4. The diagrams were not …
  • … by the copyist. Living Cirripedia (1854):  Plate XXI has figures of five species of …
  • … s misreading of ‘terga’. Living Cirripedia (1854):  518–20, 520–1. Bosquet apparently …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … adopted CD’s manuscript name. See Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  43 and …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525–6, both of which cite Bosquet’s Monographie des Crustacés …
  • … but the work did not actually appear until 1854. Bosquet sent CD specimens of some of the …
  • … no adductor ridge. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  526. In Living Cirripedia (1851) , the …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   13 October [1853]

Summary

Discusses publication of Fossil Cirripedia.

Comments on paper by JAHdeB ["Les crustacés fossiles du terrain Crétacé du Limbourg", Verh. Uitg. Comm. Geol. Beschrijving & Kaart Ned. 2 (1854): 11–137].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  13 Oct [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 143: 128
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1537

Matches: 10 hits

  • … Crétacé du Limbourg", Verh. Uitg. Comm. Geol. Beschrijving & Kaart Ned. 2 (1854): 11–137]. …
  • … Spauwen, Belgium, in Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  29 n.  1. CD thanked Bosquet for specimens …
  • … of B.  unguiformis ) and for the variety erisma ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  29, 30). …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and …
  • … Verrucidæ of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. …
  • … Bosquet 1854 . See letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 15 April [1853] , n.  6. …
  • … systematicus specierum’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  631, 637). CD began working on the …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   24 December 1853

Summary

Comments on MS of JAHdeB’s work ["Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  24 Dec 1853
Classmark:  DAR 143: 129
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1543

Matches: 9 hits

  • … Comments on MS of JAHdeB’s work ["Crustacés fossiles du Limbourg" (1854)]. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  296. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  293. Referring to CD, Bosquet wrote: ‘Ce Naturaliste distingué …
  • … et solides du Genre Verruca. ’ ( Bosquet 1854 , p.  13 n. ). See letter to J.  A. H. de …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … The manuscript of Bosquet 1854 . See Fossil Cirripedia (1851):  10. See letter to J.  A. …
  • … Synopsis et index systematicus specierum’ of Living Cirripedia (1854):  626, 631, and 637. …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   18 June 1853

Summary

Thanks for fossil cirripede specimens. Comments on various specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  18 June 1853
Classmark:  DAR 143: 126
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1520

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Society. 1851. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … 7 June [1853] . CD thanked Bosquet in the preface to Fossil Cirripedia (1854) . A copyist’ …
  • … s misreading of Verruca prisca ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854): 43–4; …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525–6). CD recorded that the …
  • … came from the collection of James de Carle Sowerby ( Fossil Cirripedia (1854):  43; …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854):  525). CD thanked John Morris for providing specimens and …
  • … and called his new species Pollicipes darwinianus ( Bosquet 1854 , Tab. I, figs. 8–16). …
  • … that CD added to Living Cirripedia (1854) , p.  631, in lieu of giving the specific …
  • … specierum’. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  631 n. , he explained that the fragments of S. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. D. Dana   27 September [1853]

Summary

Admires JDD’s work on Crustacea, corals, and geology.

Commends young John Lubbock to his attention. Hopes JDD can give him encouragement; if he can resist his "great wealth, business, and rank, he may do good work in Natural History".

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  27 Sept [1853]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1533

Matches: 7 hits

  • … 1852] , n.  10). CD refers to Living Cirripedia (1854) , which contains thirty plates. …
  • … Proofs were not ready until February 1854 (‘Journal’; Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix I). …
  • … CD was also preparing Fossil Cirripedia (1854) . …
  • … University Press. 1985–. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and …
  • … Verrucidæ of Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Edwin Lankester, Ray Society   19 March [1853]

Summary

Objects to early deadline for submitting manuscript [of Living Cirripedia 2 (1854)]. Discusses illustrations by G. B. Sowerby [Jr].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edwin Lankester; Ray Society
Date:  19 Mar [1853]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.104)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1507

Matches: 7 hits

  • … manuscript [of Living Cirripedia 2 (1854)]. Discusses illustrations by G. B. Sowerby [Jr]. …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … of a sessile cirripede’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  inset opposite p.  3) and for eleven …
  • … of the second volume of Living Cirripedia ( 1854 ) would be ready by the end of 1852, and …
  • … by the summer of 1853. Living Cirripedia (1854) contains thirty plates. CD was working on …
  • … pages, was not ready until January 1854. Three partly coloured plates were included in the …

To J. D. Dana   6 December [1853]

Summary

Responds to JDD’s objections to his views on the three pairs of appendages in larvae of cirripedes. Reports observations which confirm his views.

Gives his confidential opinion of A. White, C. S. Bate, T. Bell, and W. Baird.

Interested in JDD’s observation that Crustacea are not most developed in the tropics. If JDD ever works it out either in number of species or rank, CD would be glad to have result.

Comments on article by Henri Milne-Edwards ["Crustacés", Ann. Sci. Nat. (Zool.) 18 (1852): 109–66].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  6 Dec [1853]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1542

Matches: 12 hits

  • … etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Milne-Edwards, Henri. 1834–40. Histoire …
  • … work in Natural History. ’ In Living Cirripedia (1854):  107, CD wrote ‘With regard to the …
  • … abilities. CD dedicated Living Cirripedia (1854) to Milne-Edwards, ‘with the most sincere …
  • … 2d ser. 19: 34–86. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … notion is expressed in Living Cirripedia (1854):  107–8 n. : ‘A far more tenable view is …
  • … was repeated in Living Cirripedia (1854):  106, 580. CD and Dana had earlier disagreed …
  • … also letter to J.  D. Dana, 8 May [1852] . Living Cirripedia (1854):  106–8 and nn. Dana’s …
  • … on CD’s list of presentation copies of Living Cirripedia (1854) (MS attached to CD’ …
  • … s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). Dana had earlier …
  • … 25 November [1852] ). Living Cirripedia (1854) was noticed in American Journal of Science …
  • … in Madeira on 18 December. On 18 February 1854 they landed in Tenerife and remained in the …
  • … 1, p.  9) and CD ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  565 n. ) had reservations about using these …

To W. D. Fox   29 January [1853]

Summary

Discusses education of his sons. Would like to see more diversity.

He is pleased that Richard Owen and others had a good opinion of his first volume [on Living Cirripedia].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  29 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 82)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1499

Matches: 8 hits

  • … University Press. 1985–. Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and …
  • … Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. Living Cirripedia (1851): A monograph of …
  • … has no rectum or anus ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 546–7). William Henslow Hooker, born 24  …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Moore, James Richard. 1977. On the education …
  • … Moore 1977  p.  53). The final proofs of Living Cirripedia (1854) were not sent to …
  • … the printer until July 1854, and the proofs …
  • … of Fossil Cirripedia (1854) were not ready until mid-September. The sexual relations of …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   7 June [1853]

Summary

Discusses JAHdeB’s drawing of a Verruca.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  7 June [1853]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.102)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1517

Matches: 6 hits

  • … sent to CD answered the questions. Bosquet 1854 . See letter to J.  A. H. de Bosquet, 15  …
  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … de Limbourg. Haarlem. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … 15 April [1853] . In Living Cirripedia (1854):  522, CD stated that: ‘by far the most …
  • … CD’s description ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  525–6) makes no reference to the basal …

To Albany Hancock   30 March [1853]

Summary

Thanks AH for assistance. Compares Alcippe to South American boring cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  30 Mar [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1509

Matches: 5 hits

  • … called ‘protruberant buttons or cushions’. Living Cirripedia (1854):  577–8. …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … order, Abdominalia ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–6). Alcippe lampas was classified as a …
  • … complete gut, respectively. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  543–4. The ‘bosses’ are there …

To Albany Hancock   12 February [1853]

Summary

Describes anatomy and growth stages of Alcippe in close detail.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  12 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1501

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Hancock, 10 February [1853] , n.  4, and Living Cirripedia (1854):  526–9 and 554–5. …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … of Alcippe lampas is in Living Cirripedia (1854):  529–63. For CD’s use of homology to …
  • … description of the generative system of Alcippe in Living Cirripedia (1854): 547–8, 555. …
  • … This statement was repeated in Living Cirripedia (1854):  556. …
  • … in greater detail in Living Cirripedia (1854):  552. Because Anelasma possessed highly …

To Albany Hancock   29 January [1853]

Summary

Discusses Alcippe. Asks to borrow specimens. Would like to hire fishermen to collect specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  29 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1498

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes. For a discussion of their differences, see Living Cirripedia (1854):  563–6. …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … A.  Hancock 1849. Living Cirripedia (1854):  538–9. CD was apparently beginning to suspect …
  • … attached to them. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  555. See letter to Albany Hancock, 10  …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To J. A. H. de Bosquet   17 July 1853

Summary

Discusses valves in Scalpellum. Comments on JAHdeB’s research on cirripedes.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  17 July 1853
Classmark:  DAR 143: 127
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1523

Matches: 5 hits

  • … 1851):  264–5 and Living Cirripedia (1854):  631. Bosquet’s new species are listed, with …
  • … Synopsis et index systematicus specierum’, Living Cirripedia (1854):  626, 631, and 637. …
  • … index included in Living Cirripedia (1854):  611–40, no mention was made of the number of …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Sowerby, James and Sowerby, James de Carle. …

To George Johnston   6 September 1853

Summary

Thanks for rare Balanus specimens. Asks about their source.

Comments on GJ’s book [Terra Lindisfarnensis (1853)].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Johnston
Date:  6 Sept 1853
Classmark:  DAR 146: 7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1531

Matches: 5 hits

  • … I: The botany. London. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … B.  cymbiformis , and B.  navicula ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  218–19, 221–2). …
  • … Balanus cymbiformis ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  221). CD recorded that he had seen …
  • … Balanus navicula ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  221). G.  Johnston 1853 . A copy is in the …

To J. D. Hooker   5 November [1853]

thumbnail

Summary

Edward Sabine’s official letter announcing CD’s receipt of Royal Society Medal left him cold. JDH’s informal one moved him.

Applauds JDH for supporting John Lindley.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  5 Nov [1853]
Classmark:  DAR 114: 125
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1540

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Hooker, [4 November 1853] . CD received his first proofs for Living Cirripedia (1854) in …
  • … February 1854 (‘Journal’; Appendix I). …

To Albany Hancock   25 February [1853]

Summary

Asks at what depth Alcippe is found and on what date the shell with Alcippe specimens that AH sent was taken.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  J. Hancock 1886, p. 275
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1504

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … to CD’s description in Living Cirripedia (1854):  530, Alcippe specimens were taken by …
  • … ready for impregnation ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  561). Letter to Albany Hancock, 12  …

To C. S. Bate   7 July [1853]

Summary

Will quote CSB on discovery of Alcippe lampas.

Hopes CSB continues to look for Verruca on limestone.

Discusses use of CSB’s larvae illustrations [for Living Cirripedia].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Spence Bate
Date:  7 July [1853]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1521

Matches: 5 hits

  • … Bate 1851 (see Living Cirripedia (1854):  104 and Plate XXIX, figs. 8 and 9). Bate, a …
  • … See Living Cirripedia (1854):  530. CD had asked Bate to collect specimens of Verruca from …
  • … see letter to C.  S. Bate, 30 August [1853] , and Living Cirripedia (1854):  514). …
  • … Press. 1927–96. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To Albany Hancock   10 February [1853]

Summary

Has found plenty of male Alcippe on specimens. Would eventually like more specimens. Did not recognise males at first. Has found Alcippe difficult to make out.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  10 Feb [1853]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1500

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … January [1853] . In Living Cirripedia (1854) , CD stated he had actually thrown the males …
  • … of this genus. ’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  527). CD finally decided to place Alcippe …

To Albany Hancock   10 January [1853]

Summary

Grateful for AH’s long letter and suggestions. Delighted at what he says about "complemental males". CD feared no one would believe in them but now that Owen, Dana, and AH accept them, he is content.

Agrees with AH on cross-impregnation; has collected facts on this head but has done nothing with them.

AH’s paper on Alcippe [Ann. & Mag. Nat. Hist. 2d ser. 4 (1849): 305–14] caused him to lose sleep over its anomalous structure.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  10 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1497

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Notebooks : Charles Darwin’s notebooks, …
  • … upon calcareous surfaces. See Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18. Charles Spence Bate (see …
  • … and hybridism. In Living Cirripedia (1854):  101–2, 271, CD described an apparent example …

To C. S. Bate   10 January [1853]

Summary

Asks if CSB can help him obtain specimen of Verruca.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Charles Spence Bate
Date:  10 Jan [1853]
Classmark:  Cleveland Health Sciences Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1471

Matches: 4 hits

  • … 2d ser. 10: 356–7. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … of excavation of Verruca ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  512–18), Bate is mentioned as having …
  • … Verruca strö mia for Living Cirripedia (1854):  Plate XXIX, p.  670. See letters to Edward …
Document type
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Date
1853
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02 (5)
03 (3)
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06 (3)
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …
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