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To ?   19 December [1852 or 1854]

Summary

Ray Society has given CD 22 copies [of Living Cirripedia, vol. 1].

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  19 Dec [1852 or 1854]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.100)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1464

Matches: 5 hits

  • … To ?    19 December [1852 or 1854] …
  • … Society (Mss.B.D25.100) Charles Robert Darwin Down 19 Dec 1852 19 Dec 1854 Unidentified …
  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …

To Edward Forbes   23 January [1852?]

Summary

Discusses Balanus unguiformis. Promises to return specimen.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Edward Forbes
Date:  23 Jan [1852?]
Classmark:  Florida State University Libraries, Strozier Library Special Collections Vault (tipped into a copy of Origin, QH365 .O2 1859)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1472

Matches: 7 hits

  • … Bibliography Fossil Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the fossil Balanidæ and Verrucidæ of …
  • … Great Britain. By Charles Darwin. London: Palaeontographical Society. 1854. …
  • … Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with figures of all the …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … and the Isle of Wight in Living Cirripedia (1854):  296–8. He included short descriptions …
  • … and Verrrucidae in Living Cirripedia (1854) because at this stage he was unsure that the …
  • … those thanked in the preface of Fossil Cirripedia (1854) for having provided specimens. …

To Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet   17 December [1852]

Summary

At request of Edward Forbes sends vol. 1 of Living Cirripedia and vol. 1 of Fossil Cirripedia.

Calls attention to sexual relations of Ibla and Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Augustin Hubert de Bosquet
Date:  17 Dec [1852]
Classmark:  Ripon College, Lane Library
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1493

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Bosquet, Joseph Augustin Hubert de. 1854. Monographie des Crustaces fossiles du terrain …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …
  • … Of later volumes, only Living Cirripedia (1854) was sent. Bosquet, of Maestricht, studied …
  • … strata of Holland and Belgium (see Bosquet 1854 ). In Bosquet 1857 , ‘Notice sur quelques …

To ?   31 December [1852–3]

Summary

Responds to correspondent’s request for information about shells from the Coquimbo beds in Chile. Difficulty in deciding on age of deposits and species. Notes views of Alcide d’Orbigny.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Unidentified
Date:  31 Dec [1852-3]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Autograph File, D)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-13872

Matches: 5 hits

  • … magellanicus . See Living Cirripedia (1854):  227–8. Alcide Charles Victor Dessalines d’ …
  • … the letter before publishing Living Cirripedia (1854) , to which he does not refer. He had …
  • … for South America . See Living Cirripedia (1854):  207–8. CD stated that he had seen …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. South America : Geological observations on …

To J. J. S. Steenstrup   3 January [1852]

Summary

Asks JS to compare cirripede specimens with those of Lorenz Spengler to establish comparative nomenclature.

Requests reference to article describing Xenobalanus.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Johannes Japetus Smith (Japetus) Steenstrup
Date:  3 Jan [1852]
Classmark:  Det Kongelige Bibliotek, Copenhagen (NKS 3460 4to)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1469

Matches: 4 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Schumacher, Christian Frederick. 1817. Essai …
  • … He remained undecided (see Living Cirripedia (1854):  343–4 n. , in which CD discussed the …
  • … Balanus amphitrite ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  240–6). He discussed problems involved in …

To Albany Hancock   25 December [1852]

Summary

Discusses capacity of some cirripedes to bore into rock.

Mentions Alcippe specimens borrowed from AH.

Relation of sexes in Ibla and Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Albany Hancock
Date:  25 Dec [1852]
Classmark:  Archives of the New York Botanical Garden
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1495

Matches: 6 hits

  • … 2d ser. 2: 225– 48. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, …
  • … Verruca are described in Living Cirripedia (1854):  512. John Thomas Quekett was professor …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Porter, Duncan M. 1985. The Beagle collector …
  • … mia, described in Living Cirripedia (1854):  314. Hancock apparently gave a cautionary …
  • … 10 January [1853] ). In Living Cirripedia (1854): 512–18, CD repeated the arguments he had …
  • … specimens of Verruca ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  514). CD had requested specimens of the …

To J. D. Dana   15 February [1852]

Summary

Sending first volumes on Living and Fossil Cirripedia. Solicits JDD’s opinion, especially on sexual relations of Scalpellum and Ibla, on which he "hardly expect[s] to be believed".

Sends unusual crustacean specimen collected by B. J. Sulivan.

The Sporillus sent by JDD is a very curious species of Acasta [see Living Cirripedia 2: 319].

Asks JDD to identify and give geographical distribution of pieces of coral in which some cirripedes are imbedded.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  15 Feb [1852]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1473

Matches: 6 hits

  • … the genus Pyrgoma . See Living Cirripedia (1854):  361 n. , 363 n. , and 369 n. , where CD …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … were described in Living Cirripedia (1854):  319–21. Acasta purpurata , found embedded in …
  • … CD examined a specimen from Hugh Cuming’s collection ( Living Cirripedia (1854):  318–19). …
  • … repeated this view in Living Cirripedia (1854):  319–20, although Dana assured him that he …

To A. A. Gould   29 February [1852]

Summary

Sends presentation copy of Fossil Cirripedia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Augustus Addison Gould
Date:  29 Feb [1852]
Classmark:  Houghton Library, Harvard University (Augustus A. Gould papers, 1831–66 MS Am 1210: 226)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1475

Matches: 5 hits

  • … volumes were not completed until September 1854 (see ‘Journal’; Correspondence vol.  5, …
  • … attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). CD …
  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …

To George Crawford Hyndman   16 April [1852]

Summary

Thanks GCH for Balanus specimens.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Crawford Hyndman
Date:  16 Apr [1852]
Classmark:  American Philosophical Society (Mss.B.D25.101)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1479

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … of cirripedes in Living Cirripedia (1854):  104–14, but Hyndman’s specimens are not …

To J. D. Dana   8 May [1852]

Summary

Gratified by JDD’s opinion of his work.

Discusses problem of homologies of cirripede larva in first stage and reasons for his view.

JDD’s information on corals was just what CD needed.

Would like specimen of blind cave rat described by B. Silliman [Jr] ["On the Mammoth Cave of Kentucky", Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 11 (1851): 336] for Waterhouse to examine.

Discusses origin of Australian valleys; he disagrees with JDD’s river-erosion hypothesis.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  8 May [1852]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1481

Matches: 5 hits

  • … MS attached to CD’s copy of Living Cirripedia (1854) in the Cambridge University Library). …
  • … 1851):  13–14 and Living Cirripedia (1854):  109–10, the latter also including a figure …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. Natural selection : Charles Darwin’s Natural …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … Cirripedia (1851):  37 and Living Cirripedia (1854):  151. For CD’s attempt to show how …

To W. D. Fox   24 [October 1852]

Summary

News of his health; has been well of late, but cannot stand excitement. Hereditary weakness is another of his bugbears.

At work on cirripedes – "I hate a Barnacle as no man ever did before."

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  William Darwin Fox
Date:  24 [Oct 1852]
Classmark:  Christ’s College Library, Cambridge (MS 53 Fox 81)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1489

Matches: 4 hits

  • … were presumably for Living Cirripedia (1854) . Osmaston Hall, the Fox family home near …
  • … of the later Cirripedia volumes until 1854 (‘Journal’; Correspondence vol.  5, Appendix …
  • … Press. 1985–. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. OED : The Oxford English dictionary. Being a …

To George Johnston   23 November 1852

Summary

Recommends GJ for Government pension.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  George Johnston
Date:  23 Nov 1852
Classmark:  DAR 146: 6
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1491

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Bibliography Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … to gorgonians (see Living Cirripedia (1854):  218, 221, and letter to George Johnston, 6  …

To J. D. Dana   25 November [1852]

Summary

Thanks JDD for information.

Discusses Acasta sporillus.

Comments on review of first volume of Living Cirripedia [Am. J. Sci. 2d ser. 14 (1852): 125–7].

Asks JDD to examine Lerneidae.

Will read with interest the geographical discussion of Crustacea when JDD’s volume [Crustacea (1852–5)] appears. John Lubbock will purchase a copy.

Discusses error in Living Cirripedia.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  James Dwight Dana
Date:  25 Nov [1852]
Classmark:  Yale University Library: Manuscripts and Archives (Dana Family Papers (MS 164) Series 1, Box 2, folder 43)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1492

Matches: 5 hits

  • … to gorgonians (see Living Cirripedia (1854):  218–22). Dana had classified gorgonians in …
  • … Ray Society. 1851. Living Cirripedia (1854): A monograph of the sub-class Cirripedia, with …
  • … or sessile cirripedes); the Verrucidæ, etc. By Charles Darwin. London: Ray Society. 1854. …
  • … Dana, 15 February [1852] ). For CD’s descriptions, see Living Cirripedia (1854): 319–21. …
  • … In Living Cirripedia (1854):  303, CD stated: Had not the genus Acasta been already …

To J. D. Hooker   [April 1852]

Summary

Questions on variation in nature: taxa varying in one region but not another. Variation between vs within species. Rarity of variation in important organs within a species. G. R. Waterhouse’s views on variation in highly developed organs, which CD relates to variation in rudimentary organs.

Asks for cases of obligate self-fertilising plants.

[CD annotation proposes using the Steudel Nomenclator botanicus (1821–4) to determine if variable species occur in genera with many species.]

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Joseph Dalton Hooker
Date:  [Apr 1852]
Classmark:  DAR 107: 66–7
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1496

Matches: 3 hits

  • … See letter to J.  D. Hooker, 15 November [1854] . CD subsequently added ‘(2)’ in pencil …
  • … CD refers to Steudel 1840–1. See letters from J.  D. Hooker, [3 November 1854] and [ …
  • … 15 November 1854] for CD’s further examination of this question. Hooker added in pencil: ‘ …

To Richard Owen   17 July [1852]

Summary

Gratified by what RO says about his book [Living Cirripedia, vol. 1 (1851)]. The anatomical work is the only part he is really interested in; finds the "mere systematic part infinitely tedious"; but will be surprised if he is ever proved wrong on the males of Ibla and Scalpellum.

Author:  Charles Robert Darwin
Addressee:  Richard Owen
Date:  17 July [1852]
Classmark:  Natural History Museum (General Special Collections Owen correspondence 9/188)
Letter no:  DCP-LETT-1484

Matches: 2 hits

  • … of anatomical parts. In Living Cirripedia (1854), however, there is a 120-page discussion …
  • … of the adult (see Living Cirripedia (1854): 114). Dana presumably also agreed with CD’s …
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Darwin in letters, 1851-1855: Death of a daughter

Summary

The letters from these years reveal the main preoccupations of Darwin’s life with a new intensity. The period opens with a family tragedy in the death of Darwin’s oldest and favourite daughter, Anne, and it shows how, weary and mourning his dead child,…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … cirripedes and culminated in  Living Cirripedia  (1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1854), again …
  • … series of letters pertaining to the Royal Society. In April 1854, when his cirripede study was …
  • … indicated by his comment in a letter to Hooker on 29 [May 1854] : ‘Very far from disagreeing with …
  • … Back to species theory In September 1854, as soon as the final proofs of the last barnacle …
  • … do as I wish it Throughout the correspondence of 1854 and 1855, the overwhelming …

Darwin and Down

Summary

Charles and Emma Darwin, with their first two children, settled at Down House in the village of Down (later ‘Downe’) in Kent, as a young family in 1842.   The house came with eighteen acres of land, and a fifteen acre meadow.  The village combined the…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … [24 July 1842] To P. G. King,  21 February 1854 : ‘I live in the country about 16 miles …

Scientific Practice

Summary

Specialism|Experiment|Microscopes|Collecting|Theory Letter writing is often seen as a part of scientific communication, rather than as integral to knowledge making. This section shows how correspondence could help to shape the practice of science, from…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … Letter 1587 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 2 Sept [1854] Darwin mentions that the second …
  • … of creation in [ Br. & Foreign Med.-Chir. Rev. 13 (1854)], but notes that he himself is …
  • … Letter 1592 — Darwin, C. R. to Huxley, T. H., 13 Sept [1854] Letter 1635 — Darwin, …

Darwin’s reading notebooks

Summary

In April 1838, Darwin began recording the titles of books he had read and the books he wished to read in Notebook C (Notebooks, pp. 319–28). In 1839, these lists were copied and continued in separate notebooks. The first of these reading notebooks (DAR 119…

Matches: 23 hits

  • … [Wellesley 1832] Sir. W. Nott’s Life [W. Nott 1854].— [DAR *119: 15v.] From …
  • … de la Boheme [Barrande 1852–1911] must be deeply studied 1854 The Zoologist by E. Newman [ …
  • … [Pepys 1825] (Read).— Sir W. Notts life [W. Nott 1854] read [DAR *128: 177] …
  • … r . Nott & Gliddon: Trübner & Co [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] (read) A Lecture by …
  • … not published but reported fully in Literary Gazette Sept 30 1854 91 Agricult. Journal …
  • … d’un Naturaliste A. de Quatrefages [Quatrefages de Bréau 1854]. (light reading) (??) read …
  • … Domestic animals. 94 Lloyd Scandinavian Adventures 1854 [L. Lloyd 1854]. praised in …
  • … sur les Migration des Vegetaux 4 to  Pamphlet [Godron 1854] (read) Journal of Asiatic Soc. …
  • … specially of central platform of France 8 fr. [Lecoq 1854–8] Read Journal de la Soc. Imp. d …
  • … Sir J. Lubbock. member Ferguson on Poultry [Ferguson 1854], recommended by M r  Brent, but …
  • … D r . Badham “Ancient & Modern Tattle” on Fish [Badham 1854]. M r  Tegetmeier says very …
  • … (read) From Nott & Gliddon [J. C. Nott and Gliddon 1854] Roselini Monumenta [ …
  • … Carboniferous strata, translated in Bull. General [Heer 1854].— Hooker has it.— Very important …
  • … I ought to read Murchinson’s Siluria [Murchison 1854]— I  must  read it. & buy it.— …
  • … W. R. Wilde in Dublin University Magazine early month of 1854 on food of Irish. ( Pig ) [Wilde] …
  • … translated into French by Gaudin—with additions [Heer 1854]. Archives du Museum [ Archives …
  • … Himmalaya [T. Thomson 1852] [DAR 128: 7] 1854 Jan 11 th . Pulsky Red, …
  • … 1848]. March 7 th . Hooker’s Himmalaya [Hooker 1854].— —— 23 Stansbury. Exploration …
  • … July 3 d . Sir B. B. Psychological Essays [Brodie] 1854] —— Duval Histoire du Pommier, …
  • … Isidore Geoffroy St. Hilaire [I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1854–62] Tome I [DAR 128: 9] …
  • … Williams Missionary in T. del Fuego [Hamilton 1854] March 28 th . Sir G. Stephens Lectures …
  • … Richardson 1784] (poor) [DAR 128: 10] 1854.  Microscopical Journal [ …
  • … 1855. Wollastons Insecta Maderensia [Wollaston 1854] —— Johnston Physical Atlas [A. K. …

Darwin and the Church

Summary

The story of Charles Darwin’s involvement with the church is one that is told far too rarely. It shows another side of the man who is more often remembered for his personal struggles with faith, or for his role in large-scale controversies over the…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … Lubbock, the principal landowner in Down, in a letter of 1854 in which he said, From all I have seen …
  • … [of the Poor Fund]’ (letter to J. W. Lubbock, 28 March [1854] ). Despite their differences, they …

Living and fossil cirripedia

Summary

Darwin published four volumes on barnacles, the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia, between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on fossil species. Written for a specialist audience, they are among the most challenging and least read of Darwin’s works…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … on the crustacean sub-class Cirripedia between 1851 and 1854, two on living species and two on …
  • … in manuscript form to the Ray Society at the beginning of 1854 , where it took longer than the ‘ …
  • … to tell his friend Thomas Henry Huxley in early September 1854, ‘ My second volume on the …
  • … Society; the monograph itself was printed in 1854. This volume appears not to have been discussed …
  • … but he wrote to the Palaeontographical Society in February 1854 and the society confirmed that he …

Darwin in letters, 1847-1850: Microscopes and barnacles

Summary

Darwin's study of barnacles, begun in 1844, took him eight years to complete. The correspondence reveals how his interest in a species found during the Beagle voyage developed into an investigation of the comparative anatomy of other cirripedes and…

Matches: 3 hits

  • … sub-class of Crustacea,  Living Cirripedia  (1851, 1854) and  Fossil Cirripedia  (1851, 1854). …
  • … spermatozoa’ attached to the female (Living Cirripedia (1854): 23). Darwin had previously worked out …
  • … from monoecious forms (Living Cirripedia (1851): 214; (1854): 29, 528 n.) and, at another level, to …

Darwin’s study of the Cirripedia

Summary

Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. Coming between his transmutation notebooks and the Origin of species, it has frequently been interpreted as a digression from Darwin’s species work. Yet…

Matches: 13 hits

  • … Darwin’s work on barnacles, conducted between 1846 and 1854, has long posed problems for historians. …
  • … In both volumes of Living Cirripedia (1851 and 1854), Darwin devoted an introductory section to …
  • … was best placed among the Lepadidae ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 527–8).^1^1^    Both …
  • … segments are quite aborted . . . ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 562–3)    Indeed, …
  • … be the most natural arrangement. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 588)    The fact that the …
  • … with his figure of the mature animal ( Living Cirripedia (1854), Plate XXV).    Throughout …
  • … (1851): 37–8)    In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin ventured to suggest the possible …
  • … by a new and anomalous course. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 151–2)    Crisp (1983) has …
  • … from bisexuality to unisexuality. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 29)^16^    Darwin’s …
  • … merely varieties (Southward 1983). In Living Cirripedia (1854), Darwin clearly stated the …
  • … be found eminently variable. ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 155)    One of the first …
  • … a very direct and curious manner’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 529). Modern systematists place …
  • … nature was demonstrated.’ ( Living Cirripedia (1854): 555). See also Rachootin 1984, pp. 235–6.   …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them. No. …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

Before Origin: the ‘big book’

Summary

Darwin began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight-year study of barnacles (Darwin's Journal). He had long considered the question of species. In 1842, he outlined a theory of transmutation in a…

Matches: 2 hits

  • … began ‘sorting notes for Species Theory’ on 9 September 1854, the very day he concluded his eight …
  • … what he came to call his ‘big book’.   In March 1854, six months before he started sorting …

People featured in the Dutch photograph album

Summary

Here is a list of people that appeared in the photograph album Darwin received for his birthday on 12 February 1877 from scientific admirers in the Netherlands. Many thanks to Hester Loeff for identifying and researching them.   …

Matches: 6 hits

  • … Dramatist 23 Middelburg 20 june 1854 Middelburg 13 october …
  • …   Deventer 11 september 1854 Deventer 8 march 1936 Haarlem …
  • … Phil.nat.cand   Leiden 18 july 1854 Batavia 8 march 1896 …
  • … University.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january 1928 …
  • … Phil.nat.cand.   Utrecht 16 april 1854 Amsterdam 4 january …
  • … Phil.nat.stud   Leiden 19 august 1854 Oud-Beijerland 23 …

John Murray

Summary

Darwin's most famous book On the origin of species by means of natural selection (Origin) was published on 22 November 1859. The publisher was John Murray, who specialised in non-fiction, particularly politics, travel and science, and had published…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … his barnacle books ( Fossil Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854) and  Living Cirripedia  (1851 and 1854)) …

Editorial policy and practice

Summary

Full texts are added to this site four years after the letter is published in the print edition of the Correspondence. Transcriptions are made from the original or a facsimile where these are available. Where they are not, texts are taken from the best…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … used in a strict sense. Thus a letter dated ‘after 8 July 1854’ is judged to have been written very …

Scientific Networks

Summary

Friendship|Mentors|Class|Gender In its broadest sense, a scientific network is a set of connections between people, places, and things that channel the communication of knowledge, and that substantially determine both its intellectual form and content,…

Matches: 1 hits

  • … Letter 1585 — Darwin, C. R. to Lubbock, John, [Sept 1854] Darwin sends Lubbock a beetle he …

Darwin’s observations on his children

Summary

Charles Darwin’s observations on the development of his children, began the research that culminated in his book The Expression of the emotions in man and animals, published in 1872, and his article ‘A biographical sketch of an infant’, published in Mind…

Matches: 5 hits

  • … of logical thought and language. On 20 May 1854, Darwin again took over the notebook and, …
  • … a bit of red glass at the garden) 47v.  May 1854. Before tea Ch. asked Lenny P. Have you …
  • … give me a kiss if you like”. 48 [74] May 20— 1854.— I saw a pile of sand lying on the lawn …
  • … I could not help it awfully”.— 49  June 1854— About 9 months ago, Lenny defined being in …
  • … Horace Lenny. When ill with Fever & recovering (Dec 1854) used constantly to ask in the …

Charles Darwin’s letters: a selection 1825-1859

Summary

The letters in this volume span the years from 1825, when Darwin was a student at the University of Edinburgh, to the end of 1859, when the Origin of Species was published. The early letters portray Darwin as a lively sixteen-year-old medical student. Two…

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  • … taxonomic study of the entire order. By this time, 1854, Darwin had become a family man. In …
  • … field notes exist that record the observations made between 1854 and 1861 by five of his children, …

Asa Gray

Summary

Darwin’s longest running and most significant exchange of correspondence dealing with the subjects of design in nature and religious belief was with the Harvard botanist Asa Gray.  Gray was one of Darwin’s leading supporters in America. He was also a…

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  • … consisting of about 300 letters written between 1854 and 1881, is now available for the first time. …

Barnacles

Summary

Sources|Discussion Questions|Experiment Darwin and barnacles Darwin’s interest in Cirripedia, a class of marine arthropods, was first piqued by the discovery of an odd burrowing barnacle, which he later named “Mr. Arthrobalanus," while he was…

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  • … and wrote about barnacles on a daily basis from 1846 to 1854. Ultimately, Darwin's deep and …

Alfred Russel Wallace

Summary

Wallace was a leading Victorian naturalist, with wide-ranging interests from biogeography and evolutionary theory to spiritualism and politics. He was born in 1823 in Usk, a small town in south-east Wales, and attended a grammar school in Hertford. At the…

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  • … able to finance another extended voyage to Malaysia. Between 1854 and 1862, he travelled some 14,000 …

Thomas Henry Huxley

Summary

Dubbed “Darwin’s bulldog” for his combative role in controversies over evolution, Huxley was a leading Victorian zoologist, science popularizer, and education reformer. He was born in Ealing, a small village west of London, in 1825. With only two years of…

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  • … an appointment as paleontologist to the Geological Survey in 1854. He moved quickly to the inner …
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